keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

G-I CANCER

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928852/oxygen-use-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#1
Daniel G Nicastri, Naomi Alpert, Bian Liu, Andrea Wolf, Emanuela Taioli, Benjamin V Tran, Raja Flores
BACKGROUND: There are no published reports on predictors of oxygen (O2 ) use after lung cancer surgery. The prospect of O2 use following lung cancer surgery may affect a patient's therapy choice. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results -Medicare (SEER-Medicare) dataset was queried to identify patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer (stage I/II) who underwent surgical resection from 1994-2010. Patients with a second resection within 6 months of their first and those with preoperative O2 use were excluded...
June 18, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928061/coding-variants-in-nod-like-receptors-an-association-study-on-risk-and-survival-of-colorectal-cancer
#2
Stefanie Huhn, Miguel I da Silva Filho, Tharmila Sanmuganantham, Tica Pichulik, Calogerina Catalano, Barbara Pardini, Alessio Naccarati, Veronika Polakova-Vymetálkova, Katerina Jiraskova, Ludmila Vodickova, Pavel Vodicka, Markus W Löffler, Lioba Courth, Jan Wehkamp, Farhat V N Din, Maria Timofeeva, Susan M Farrington, Lina Jansen, Kari Hemminki, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner, Michael Hoffmeister, Malcolm G Dunlop, Alexander N R Weber, Asta Försti
Nod-like receptors (NLRs) are important innate pattern recognition receptors and regulators of inflammation or play a role during development. We systematically analysed 41 non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 21 NLR genes in a Czech discovery cohort of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) (1237 cases, 787 controls) for their association with CRC risk and survival. Five SNPs were found to be associated with CRC risk and eight with survival at 5% significance level. In a replication analysis using data of two large genome-wide association studies (GWASs) from Germany (DACHS: 1798 cases and 1810 controls) and Scotland (2210 cases and 9350 controls) the associations found in the Czech discovery set were not confirmed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927717/drug-targeting-and-biomarkers-in-head-and-neck-cancers-insights-from-systems-biology-analyses
#3
Tania Islam, Rezanur Rahman, Esra Gov, Beste Turanli, Gizem Gulfidan, Anwarul Haque, Kazım Yalçın Arga, Nurul Haque Mollah
The head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, but robust biomarkers and diagnostics are still not available. This study provides in-depth insights from systems biology analyses to identify molecular biomarker signatures to inform systematic drug targeting in HNSCC. Gene expression profiles from tumors and normal tissues of 22 patients with histological confirmation of nonmetastatic HNSCC were subjected to integrative analyses with genome-scale biomolecular networks (i...
June 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927604/discovery-and-optimization-of-2-amino-4-methylquinazoline-derivatives-as-highly-potent-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-inhibitors-for-cancer-treatment
#4
Songwen Lin, Chunyang Wang, Ming Ji, Deyu Wu, Yuanhao Lv, Kehui Zhang, Yi Dong, Jing Jin, Jiajing Chen, Jingbo Zhang, Li Sheng, Yan Li, Xiaoguang Chen, Heng Xu
Increased phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling is among the most common alterations in cancer, spurring intensive efforts to develop new cancer therapeutics that target this pathway. In this work, we discovered a series of novel 2-amino-4-methylquinazoline derivatives through a hybridization and subsequent scaffold hopping approach that were highly potent class I PI3K inhibitors. Lead optimization resulted in several promising compounds (e.g. 19, 20, 37, and 43) with nanomolar PI3K potencies, prominent anti-proliferative activities, favorable PK profiles and robust in vivo antitumor efficacies...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925044/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-phase-ii-or-iii-clinical-trials-of-myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#5
REVIEW
Ashley Leak Bryant, Sarah W Drier, Sejin Lee, Antonia V Bennett
The purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify clinical trials of MDS and AML that included patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments, and to summarize the symptom and other health related quality of life (HRQOL) concepts most frequently assessed and the PRO instruments that were used. Sixteen manuscripts describing 14 distinct trials met all criteria (i.e., phase 2 or 3 clinical trial for MDS or AML which included PRO assessment) and were published between 1996-2017. In trials evaluating anemia, PRO scores showed significant improvement in relevant domains (e...
June 7, 2018: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924586/the-value-of-activated-ion-electron-transfer-dissociation-for-high-throughput-top-down-characterization-of-intact-proteins
#6
Nicholas M Riley, Jacek W Sikora, Henrique S Seckler, Joseph B Greer, Ryan T Fellers, Richard D LeDuc, Michael S Westphall, Paul M Thomas, Neil L Kelleher, Joshua J Coon
High-throughput top-down proteomic experiments directly identify proteoforms in complex mixtures, making high quality tandem mass spectra necessary to deeply characterize proteins with many sources of variation. Collision-based dissociation methods offer expedient data acquisition, but often fail to extensively fragment proteoforms for thorough analysis. Electron-driven dissociation methods are a popular alternative approach, especially for precursor ions with high charge density. Combining infrared photo-activation concurrent with electron transfer dissociation (ETD) reactions, i...
June 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924316/genome-wide-association-study-of-familial-lung-cancer
#7
Jinyoung Byun, Ann G Schwartz, Christine Lusk, Angela S Wenzlaff, Mariza de Andrade, Diptasri Mandal, Colette Gaba, Ping Yang, Ming You, Elena Y Kupert, Marshall W Anderson, Younghun Han, Yafang Li, David Qian, Adrienne Stilp, Cathy Laurie, Sarah Nelson, Wenying Zheng, Rayjean J Hung, Valerie Gaborieau, James Mckay, Paul Brennan, Neil E Caporaso, Maria Teresa Landi, Xifeng Wu, John R McLaughlin, Yonathan Brhane, Yohan Bossé, Susan M Pinney, Joan E Bailey-Wilson, Christopher I Amos
To identify genetic variation associated with lung cancer risk, we performed a genome-wide association analysis of 685 lung cancer cases that had a family history of two or more first or second degree relatives compared with 744 controls without lung cancer that were genotyped on an Illumina Human OmniExpressExome-8v1 array. To ensure robust results, we further evaluated these findings using data from six additional studies that were assembled through the Transdisciplinary Research on Cancer of the Lung Consortium comprising 1,993 familial cases and 33,690 controls...
June 19, 2018: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923189/the-new-8th-edition-of-tnm-staging-and-its-implications-for-skin-cancer-a-review-by-the-british-association-of-dermatologists-and-the-royal-college-of-pathologists-united-kingdom
#8
REVIEW
S G Keohane, C M Proby, C Newlands, R J Motley, I Nasr, M F Mohd Mustapa, D N Slater
The 8th edition of TNM (Tumour, Node and Metastasis) has numerous and important changes compared to the 7th edition. Public Health England (PHE) and the Royal College of Pathologists, United Kingdom (RCPath) have adopted the 8th edition of TNM (TNM8) published by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) for skin cancer staging. These changes will have an impact on the management of both non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancer by all members of the skin cancer multidisciplinary team. These will also need to be highlighted to commissioners and managers for appropriate service planning...
June 19, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923188/stop-routine-screening-for-associated-malignancies-in-cutaneous-non-invasive-vulvar-paget-disease
#9
M van der Linden, M S Schuurman, J Bulten, L F A G Massuger, J IntHout, M A van der Aa, J A de Hullu
BACKGROUND: Vulvar Paget disease (VPD) is extremely rare and thought to be associated with other malignancies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of developing breast, intestinal, and urological malignancies in patients with VPD compared with the general population, and in particular focus on the risk of malignancy in patients with cutaneous non-invasive VPD. METHODS: Data on the oncologic history of patients with any type of VPD between 2000 and 2015 were obtained from PALGA, a nationwide archive containing all pathology reports in the Netherlands...
June 19, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921698/computational-characterization-of-suppressive-immune-microenvironments-in-glioblastoma
#10
Suvi Luoto, Ismaïl Hermelo, Elisa M Vuorinen, Paavo Hannus, Juha Kesseli, Matti Nykter, Kirsi J Granberg
The immunosuppressive microenvironment in glioblastoma (GBM) prevents an efficient antitumoral immune response and enables tumor formation and growth. Although an understanding of the nature of immunosuppression is still largely lacking, it is important for successful cancer treatment through immune system modulation. To gain insight into immunosuppression in GBM, we performed a computational analysis to model relative immune cell content and type of immune response in each GBM tumor sample from The Cancer Genome Atlas RNA-seq dataset...
June 19, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921694/attenuated-traf3-fosters-alternative-activation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-reduced-expression-of-anti-viral-interferon-tp53-and-rb-to-promote-hpv-positive-head-and-neck-cancers
#11
Jialing Zhang, Tony Chen, Xinping Yang, Hui Cheng, Stephan S Späth, Paul E Clavijo, Jianhong Chen, Christopher Silvin, Natalia Issaeva, Xiulan Su, Wendell G Yarbrough, Christina M Annunziata, Zhong Chen, Carter Van Waes
Human papilloma viruses (HPV) are linked to an epidemic increase in oropharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), which display viral inactivation of tumor suppressors TP53 and RB1 and rapid regional spread. However, the role of genomic alterations in enabling modulation of pathways that promote the aggressive phenotype of these cancers is unclear. Recently, a subset of HPV+ HNSCC has been shown to harbor novel genetic defects or decreased expression of TNF-receptor-associated-factor-3 (TRAF3)...
June 19, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921163/evaluation-of-diagnostic-accuracy-in-free-response-detection-localization-tasks-using-roc-tools
#12
Andriy I Bandos, Nancy A Obuchowski
Diagnostic systems designed to detect possibly multiple lesions per patient (e.g. multiple polyps during CT colonoscopy) are often evaluated in "free-response" studies that allow for diagnostic responses unconstrained in their number and locations. Analysis of free-response studies requires extensions of the traditional receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, which are termed free-response ROC (FROC) methodology. Despite substantial developments in this area, FROC tools and approaches are much more cumbersome than traditional ROC methods...
January 1, 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920516/the-association-of-lifetime-alcohol-use-with-mortality-and-cancer-risk-in-older-adults-a-cohort-study
#13
Andrew T Kunzmann, Helen G Coleman, Wen-Yi Huang, Sonja I Berndt
BACKGROUND: While current research is largely consistent as to the harms of heavy drinking in terms of both cancer incidence and mortality, there are disparate messages regarding the safety of light-moderate alcohol consumption, which may confuse public health messages. We aimed to evaluate the association between average lifetime alcohol intakes and risk of both cancer incidence and mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We report a population-based cohort study using data from 99,654 adults (68...
June 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920139/cancer-among-women-treated-in-the-veterans-affairs-healthcare-system
#14
Leah L Zullig, Karen M Goldstein, Kellie J Sims, Christina D Williams, Michael Chang, Dawn Provenzale, Michael J Kelley
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system is a high-volume provider of cancer care. Women are the fastest growing patient population using VA healthcare services. Quantifying the types of cancers diagnosed among women in the VA is a critical step toward identifying needed healthcare resources for women Veterans with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained data from the VA Central Cancer Registry for cancers newly diagnosed in calendar year 2010...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917119/novel-common-genetic-susceptibility-loci-for-colorectal-cancer
#15
Stephanie L Schmit, Christopher K Edlund, Fredrick R Schumacher, Jian Gong, Tabitha A Harrison, Jeroen R Huyghe, Chenxu Qu, Marilena Melas, David J Van Den Berg, Hansong Wang, Stephanie Tring, Sarah J Plummer, Demetrius Albanes, M Henar Alonso, Christopher I Amos, Kristen Anton, Aaron K Aragaki, Volker Arndt, Elizabeth L Barry, Sonja I Berndt, Stéphane Bezieau, Stephanie Bien, Amanda Bloomer, Juergen Boehm, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Hermann Brenner, Stefanie Brezina, Daniel D Buchanan, Katja Butterbach, Bette J Caan, Peter T Campbell, Christopher S Carlson, Jose E Castelao, Andrew T Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Iona Cheng, Ya-Wen Cheng, Lee Soo Chin, James M Church, Timothy Church, Gerhard A Coetzee, Michelle Cotterchio, Marcia Cruz Correa, Keith R Curtis, David Duggan, Douglas F Easton, Dallas English, Edith J M Feskens, Rocky Fischer, Liesel M FitzGerald, Barbara K Fortini, Lars G Fritsche, Charles S Fuchs, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Manish Gala, Steven J Gallinger, W James Gauderman, Graham G Giles, Edward L Giovannucci, Stephanie M Gogarten, Clicerio Gonzalez-Villalpando, Elena M Gonzalez-Villalpando, William M Grady, Joel K Greenson, Andrea Gsur, Marc Gunter, Christopher A Haiman, Jochen Hampe, Sophia Harlid, John F Harju, Richard B Hayes, Philipp Hofer, Michael Hoffmeister, John L Hopper, Shu-Chen Huang, Jose Maria Huerta, Thomas J Hudson, David J Hunter, Gregory E Idos, Motoki Iwasaki, Rebecca D Jackson, Eric J Jacobs, Sun Ha Jee, Mark A Jenkins, Wei-Hua Jia, Shuo Jiao, Amit D Joshi, Laurence N Kolonel, Suminori Kono, Charles Kooperberg, Vittorio Krogh, Tilman Kuehn, Sébastien Küry, Andrea LaCroix, Cecelia A Laurie, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Mathieu Lemire, Heinz-Josef Lenz, David Levine, Christopher I Li, Li Li, Wolfgang Lieb, Yi Lin, Noralane M Lindor, Yun-Ru Liu, Fotios Loupakis, Yingchang Lu, Frank Luh, Jing Ma, Christoph Mancao, Frank J Manion, Sanford D Markowitz, Vicente Martin, Koichi Matsuda, Keitaro Matsuo, Kevin J McDonnell, Caroline E McNeil, Roger Milne, Antonio J Molina, Bhramar Mukherjee, Neil Murphy, Polly A Newcomb, Kenneth Offit, Hanane Omichessan, Domenico Palli, Jesus P Paredes Cotoré, Julyann Pérez-Mayoral, Paul D Pharoah, John D Potter, Conghui Qu, Leon Raskin, Gad Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Bridget M Riggs, Clemens Schafmayer, Robert E Schoen, Thomas A Sellers, Daniela Seminara, Gianluca Severi, Wei Shi, David Shibata, Xiao-Ou Shu, Erin M Siegel, Martha L Slattery, Melissa Southey, Zsofia K Stadler, Mariana C Stern, Sebastian Stintzing, Darin Taverna, Stephen N Thibodeau, Duncan C Thomas, Antonia Trichopoulou, Shoichiro Tsugane, Cornelia M Ulrich, Franzel J B van Duijnhoven, Bethany van Guelpan, Joseph Vijai, Jarmo Virtamo, Stephanie J Weinstein, Emily White, Aung Ko Win, Alicja Wolk, Michael Woods, Anna H Wu, Kana Wu, Yong-Bing Xiang, Yun Yen, Brent W Zanke, Yi-Xin Zeng, Ben Zhang, Niha Zubair, Sun-Seog Kweon, Jane C Figueiredo, Wei Zheng, Loic Le Marchand, Annika Lindblom, Victor Moreno, Ulrike Peters, Graham Casey, Li Hsu, David V Conti, Stephen B Gruber
Background: Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 42 loci (P < 5 × 10-8) associated with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Expanded consortium efforts facilitating the discovery of additional susceptibility loci may capture unexplained familial risk. Methods: We conducted a GWAS in European descent CRC cases and control subjects using a discovery-replication design, followed by examination of novel findings in a multiethnic sample (cumulative n = 163 315)...
June 16, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917049/breast-cancer-brain-metastases-show-increased-levels-of-genomic-aberration-based-homologous-recombination-deficiency-scores-relative-to-their-corresponding-primary-tumors
#16
M Diossy, L Reiniger, Z Sztupinszki, M Krzystanek, K M Timms, C Neff, C Solimeno, D Pruss, A C Eklund, E Tóth, O Kiss, O Rusz, G Cserni, T Zombori, B Székely, J Tímár, I Csabai, Z Szallasi
Background: Based on its mechanism of action, PARP inhibitor therapy is expected to benefit mainly tumor cases with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). Therefore, identification of tumor types with increased HRD is important for the optimal use of this class of therapeutic agents. HRD levels can be estimated using various mutational signatures from next generation sequencing data and we used this approach to determine whether breast cancer brain metastases show altered levels of HRD scores relative to their corresponding primary tumor...
June 18, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915948/thyroid-hormone-receptor-beta-1-expression-in-early-breast-cancer-a-validation-study
#17
K J Jerzak, J G Cockburn, S K Dhesy-Thind, G R Pond, K I Pritchard, S Nofech-Mozes, P Sun, S A Narod, A Bane
PURPOSE: Preliminary data suggest that high expression of the TRβ1 tumor suppressor is associated with longer survival among women with early breast cancer. We undertook this study to validate these findings. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we analyzed the prognostic significance of TRβ1 protein expression in the breast tumors of 796 women who had undergone breast surgery in the Henrietta Banting Breast Cancer database. All women were recruited after undergoing primary surgical therapy at Women's College Hospital (Toronto, ON, Canada) between January 1987 and December 2000...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915430/a-transcriptome-wide-association-study-of-229-000-women-identifies-new-candidate-susceptibility-genes-for-breast-cancer
#18
Lang Wu, Wei Shi, Jirong Long, Xingyi Guo, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Beesley, Manjeet K Bolla, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yingchang Lu, Qiuyin Cai, Fares Al-Ejeh, Esdy Rozali, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, Bingshan Li, Chenjie Zeng, Helian Feng, Alexander Gusev, Richard T Barfield, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Kristan J Aronson, Paul L Auer, Myrto Barrdahl, Caroline Baynes, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Sara Y Brucker, Barbara Burwinkel, Trinidad Caldés, Federico Canzian, Brian D Carter, J Esteban Castelao, Jenny Chang-Claude, Xiaoqing Chen, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Hans Christiansen, Christine L Clarke, Margriet Collée, Sten Cornelissen, Fergus J Couch, David Cox, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Peter Devilee, Kimberly F Doheny, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Miriam Dwek, Diana M Eccles, Ursula Eilber, A Heather Eliassen, Christoph Engel, Mikael Eriksson, Laura Fachal, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lin Fritschi, Marike Gabrielson, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Susan M Gapstur, Montserrat García-Closas, Mia M Gaudet, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Pascal Guénel, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Per Hall, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Patricia Harrington, Alexander Hein, Belynda Hicks, Peter Hillemanns, Antoinette Hollestelle, Robert N Hoover, John L Hopper, Guanmengqian Huang, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Anna Jakubowska, Wolfgang Janni, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Kristine Jones, Michael E Jones, Audrey Jung, Rudolf Kaaks, Michael J Kerin, Elza Khusnutdinova, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Diether Lambrechts, Loic Le Marchand, Jingmei Li, Sara Lindström, Jolanta Lissowska, Wing-Yee Lo, Sibylle Loibl, Jan Lubinski, Craig Luccarini, Michael P Lux, Robert J MacInnis, Tom Maishman, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Arto Mannermaa, JoAnn E Manson, Sara Margolin, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Jeffery Meyer, Anna Marie Mulligan, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Sune F Nielsen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Håkan Olsson, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Ross Prentice, Nadege Presneau, Katri Pylkäs, Brigitte Rack, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Gad Rennert, Hedy S Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Atocha Romero, Jane Romm, Anja Rudolph, Emmanouil Saloustros, Dale P Sandler, Elinor J Sawyer, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Andreas Schneeweiss, Rodney J Scott, Christopher G Scott, Sheila Seal, Mitul Shah, Martha J Shrubsole, Ann Smeets, Melissa C Southey, John J Spinelli, Jennifer Stone, Harald Surowy, Anthony J Swerdlow, Rulla M Tamimi, William Tapper, Jack A Taylor, Mary Beth Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Abigail Thomas, Kathrin Thöne, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Michael Untch, Celine Vachon, David Van Den Berg, Daniel Vincent, Quinten Waisfisz, Clarice R Weinberg, Camilla Wendt, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Walter C Willett, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Lucy Xia, Xiaohong R Yang, Argyrios Ziogas, Elad Ziv, Alison M Dunning, Paul D P Pharoah, Jacques Simard, Roger L Milne, Stacey L Edwards, Peter Kraft, Douglas F Easton, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Wei Zheng
The breast cancer risk variants identified in genome-wide association studies explain only a small fraction of the familial relative risk, and the genes responsible for these associations remain largely unknown. To identify novel risk loci and likely causal genes, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study evaluating associations of genetically predicted gene expression with breast cancer risk in 122,977 cases and 105,974 controls of European ancestry. We used data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression Project to establish genetic models to predict gene expression in breast tissue and evaluated model performance using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas...
June 18, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915250/specific-stereochemistry-of-op-1074-disrupts-estrogen-receptor-alpha-helix-12-and-confers-pure-antiestrogenic-activity
#19
S W Fanning, L Hodges-Gallagher, D C Myles, R Sun, C E Fowler, I N Plant, B D Green, C L Harmon, G L Greene, P J Kushner
Complex tissue-specific and cell-specific signaling by the estrogen receptor (ER) frequently leads to the development of resistance to endocrine therapy for breast cancer. Pure ER antagonists, which completely lack tissue-specific agonist activity, hold promise for preventing and treating endocrine resistance, however an absence of structural information hinders the development of novel candidates. Here we synthesize a small panel of benzopyrans with variable side chains to identify pure antiestrogens in a uterotrophic assay...
June 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914752/improving-the-accuracy-of-pancreatic-cancer-clinical-staging-by-exploitation-of-nanoparticle-blood-interactions-a-pilot-study
#20
D Caputo, M Cartillone, C Cascone, D Pozzi, L Digiacomo, S Palchetti, G Caracciolo, R Coppola
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) early diagnosis is  crucial  and new, cheap and user-friendly techniques for biomarker identification  are  needed. "Protein corona" (PC) is emerging a new bio-interface potentially useful in tumor early diagnosis. In a previous investigation, we showed that relevant differences between the  protein patterns of  PCs formed on lipid NPs after exposure to PDAC and non-cancer plasma  samples exist. To extend that research, We performed this pilot study to investigate the effect of PDAC tumor size and distant metastases on PC composition...
June 12, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
keyword
keyword
45893
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"