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Perinephric abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502931/computed-tomography-findings-associated-with-bacteremia-in-adult-patients-with-a-urinary-tract-infection
#1
T Y Yu, H R Kim, K E Hwang, J-M Lee, J H Cho, J H Lee
The use of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) has rapidly increased recently at acute stage, but the CT findings associated with bacteremia in UTI patients are unknown. 189 UTI patients were enrolled who underwent a CT scan within 24 h after hospital admission. We classified CT findings into eight types: a focal or multifocal wedge-shaped area of hypoperfusion, enlarged kidneys, perinephric fat stranding, ureteritis or pyelitis, complicated renal cyst, renal papillary necrosis, hydronephrosis, and renal and perirenal abscess...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495069/splenectomy-and-risk-of-renal-and-perinephric-abscesses-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#2
Shih-Wei Lai, Hsien-Feng Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
Little epidemiological research is available on the relationship between splenectomy and renal and perinephric abscesses. The purpose of the study was to examine this issue in Taiwan.We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using the hospitalization dataset of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. A total of 16,426 participants aged 20 and older who were newly diagnosed with splenectomy from 1998 to 2010 were assigned to the splenectomy group, whereas 65,653 sex-matched, age-matched, and comorbidity-matched, randomly selected participants without splenectomy were assigned to the nonsplenectomy group...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471599/an-unusual-presentation-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-psoas-abscess-with-reno-colic-fistula
#3
Hassan M Ghoz, Martin Williams, Aleksandr Perepletchikov, Nicholas James, Abdulrahman A Babeir
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare histological subset of pyelonephritis characterized by being a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the renal parenchyma. XGP is classified according to the extent of disease into two entities: within the renal cortex (focal or segmental XGP) or diffuse spread with pelvic communication (diffuse XGP). Although rare, XGP can have fatal complications including perinephric, psoas abscess, nephro-cutaneous fistula and reno-colic fistula. Only few studies have reported XGP complicated with psaos abcess and reno-colic fistula...
July 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310824/computed-tomography-imaging-features-and-changes-in-hemostatic-agents-after-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#4
Taek Sang Kim, Jeoung Gu Park, Hee Kang, Su Hwan Kang, Hyun Yul Rhew, Pil Moon Kang
PURPOSE: Urologists and radiologists should be aware of the CT scan appearance of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) with the various hemostatic agents since they may confound the interpretation of these radiographic findings. We report the various postoperative CT scan appearance and changes after LPN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed CT scans retrospectively (within 3 months) of 86 patients who underwent LPN using various hemostatic agents between March 2008 and July 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998081/primary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-renal-pelvis-ureter-and-the-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Xing Xiong, Linghua Jia, Jingen Wang
Primary adenocarcinoma is a rare type of urological neoplasm. The present study reports the case of a 55-year-old man with multifocal adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis, ureter and urinary bladder that occurred in association with a large cystic calculus and perinephric abscess. The patient had suffered from gross hematuria for 2 years and right flank pain for 2 months. Following a series of investigations, a large cystic calculus with multiple tumors in the renal pelvis and ureter was identified. Multifocal tumors and a large calculus were located in the bladder using a cystoscope...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915879/renal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-a-native-kidney-after-renal-transplant-a-case-report
#6
A Jakes, P Jani, M Menon, K Adams, M Edey, S Fleming, S Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Renal squamous cell carcinoma is a rare primary tumor of the kidney that rapidly invades local structures and has a poor prognosis. Presentation is usually nonspecific and is associated with renal stone disease and chronic infection. Immunosuppressed renal transplant recipients are more likely to develop a malignancy than the general population. Squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney in the context of a renal transplant and long-term immunosuppression has not previously been described in the literature...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788470/renal-and-perinephric-abscesses-in-west-china-hospital-10-year-retrospective-descriptive-study
#7
Xiao-Qin Liu, Cheng-Cheng Wang, Yan-Bin Liu, Kai Liu
AIM: To elucidate the clinical, radiological and laboratory profiles of renal abscess (RA) and perinephric abscess (PNA), along with related treatment and outcome. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients diagnosed with RA or PNA using the primary discharge diagnoses identified from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems Tenth Edition (ICD-10) codes (RA: N15.101, PNA: N15.102) between September 2004 and December 2014 in West China Hospital were selected...
January 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26597790/-primary-nocardial-brain-abscess-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#8
Ranga Migara Weerakkody, Dhammika Randula Palangasinghe, Saman Wadanambi, Eranga Sanjeewa Wijewikrama
BACKGROUND: Intracranial abscesses are rare among transplant recipients, and Nocardia is responsible for less than 2 % of them. Nocardiosis, a chronic infection and is difficult to treat. Primary infection involves lungs and eventually disseminates. Primary nocardial abscesses are rare and we report a case from Sri Lanka. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38 year old Sri Lankan, who has received his 2nd ABO matched live donor transplantation, which was complicated with perinephric hematoma and massive transfusion syndrome...
2015: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508624/beethoven-s-autopsy-revisited-a-pathologist-sounds-a-final-note
#9
Stanley J Oiseth
This review of the original autopsy report of Beethoven's remains indicates Paget's disease within the skull, which was dense and twice normal thickness, with dilated vessels at the petrous bone. The facial nerves were enlarged and the eighth nerves atrophied despite their sharing a common meatus at the internal auditory canal. Nephrocalcinosis and pyelonephritis with cortical and perinephric abscesses were also reported. The hypercalcaemia was probably caused by hyperparathyroidism, which may be associated with Paget's disease, and both may have played a role in his psychiatric symptoms as well as in his abdominal pain and gastrointestinal complaints...
October 27, 2015: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26490542/endometriosis-in-a-kidney-with-focal-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-and-a-perinephric-abscess
#10
Chiu-Hsuan Cheng, Hann-Chorng Kuo, Borcherng Su
BACKGROUND: The presence of endometriosis in the kidney is extremely rare. We report a case of endometriosis in renal parenchyma incidentally found in a malfunctioning kidney removed because of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old Chinese premenopausal woman presented with intermittent right flank pain for many years. Imaging studies revealed a contracted non-functioning right kidney and a perinephric abscess. The contracted kidney was considered to have resulted from chronic pyelonephritis...
2015: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26393171/successful-term-pregnancy-in-a-second-trimester-female-with-urosepsis-a-case-report
#11
Vineet V Mishra, Ritu Agarwal, Nilesh Goraniya, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal
Urolithiasis means calculus in urinary system. It is a rare condition in pregnancy which can have devastating results for the mother in the form of pyonephrosis and septicaemia and to the foetus in the form of IUGR and prematurity. This is a rare case report of a 27-year old female patient who presented with perinephric abscess and hydronephrosis at 22 weeks of pregnancy. With proper evaluation and management, pregnancy continued till term with good perinatal outcome.
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259301/perinephric-abscess-with-fistula-formation-to-descending-colon-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Thomas J S Durant, Jaclyn Olsen, Vishal Bhuva, Jonathan Mogen, Jason Jacob
UNLABELLED: A perinephric abscess (PA) is an uncommon clinical entity. We present a case of a patient with aknown chronic perinephric hematoma, complicated by infection, subsequently developing a fistula to the adjacent descending colon. To the knowledge of these authors, there are no reported cases of perinephric abscess fistula formation with the descending colon. CASE REPORT: A 50-year old woman with multiple medical comorbidities presented with gram negative sepsis and was subsequently found to have a cyst on her left kidney...
April 2015: Connecticut Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26229320/management-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-presenting-as-inflammatory-renal-mass
#13
Ehab Eltahawy, Mohamed Kamel, Mahmoud Ezzet
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can have a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. In the immunocompromised patient fever and an inflammatory renal mass can harbor RCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of patients who were managed at our department during 1998-2008 as renal abscess or perinephric collection. Renal ultrasound and subsequently abdominal CT was done. Medical treatment in the form of antibiotics, control of diabetes and drainage was done...
July 2015: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25790273/outcomes-in-pediatric-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-heminephrectomy-compared-with-contemporary-open-and-laparoscopic-series
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rena D Malik, Joseph J Pariser, Mohan S Gundeti
PURPOSE: To compare our renal and clinical outcomes for robot-assisted laparoscopic heminephrectomy (RAL-HN) in the pediatric population with duplicated systems with those of current contemporary open and laparoscopic series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen children underwent RAL-HN from 2009 to 2014. Data were collected via retrospective chart review including demographics, preoperative and postoperative imaging, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), complications, and renal outcomes...
December 2015: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25755669/bilateral-psoas-muscle-abscess-associated-with-emphysematous-cystitis
#15
Jae-Ki Choi, Jae-Cheol Kwon
Psoas muscle abscess associated with emphysematous urinary tract infection is very rare. There were very few reports about urinary tract infections such as renal abscess, perinephric abscess, and emphysematous pyelonephritis complicated with psoas muscle abscess; however, psoas muscle abscess associated with emphysematous cystitis has not yet been reported. Here, we report a case of bilateral posas muscle abscess following emphysematous cystitis in an 81-year-old nondiabetic man, who was treated successfully with prolonged antibiotic therapy and supportive care...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25295138/a-case-with-fistula-formation-between-a-perinephric-retroperitoneal-abscess-a-ureter-and-a-descending-colon-successful-outcome-after-conservative-management
#16
Yoichi Iwamoto, Masafumi Kato
A 72-year-old man diagnosed with hydronephrosis and perinephric abscess because of an impacted urinary stone in the left uretero-pelvic junction was admitted to hospital with high-grade fever. The insertion of a percutaneous drain improved his general condition. Then, imaging from the percutaneous drainage tube revealed a fistula formation between the cavity of the perinephric retroperitoneal abscess, the descending colon, and the left renal pelvis. The patient received conservative management, including insertion of a percutaneous drain, discontinuation of oral intake and antimicrobial chemotherapy...
September 2014: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25089211/giant-nephrothoracic-abscess-a-misleading-disease-a-surgical-challenge-and-an-unexpected-complication
#17
Peter Kronenberg, Bruno Graça, Manuel Ferreira Coelho
A rare case of perinephric abscess with unilateral secondary pulmonary involvement that was further complicated by spillover of purulent content into the contralateral lung is reported here. Its diagnosis, treatment, and evolution are described and discussed along with certain features of nephropulmonary fistulas. The diagnosis of these abscesses is difficult, largely because of the paucity of primary symptoms and the frequent presence of misleading secondary symptoms. Deceptive cases like this one highlight the importance of its contemplation in every physician's differential diagnosis...
2014: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24839494/case-of-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-in-kidney-allograft-conservative-treatment
#18
Antonio Tienza, Mateo Hevia, Imanol Merino, Jose Maria Velis, Ruben Algarra, Juan Ignacio Pascual, Juan Javier Zudaire, Jose Enrique Robles
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an acute necrotizing infection with gas in the kidney and perinephric space that carries a bad prognosis. Apart from its predisposing clinical entities, diabetes mellitus and immune-incompetence are quite common in patients with this infection. We report a case of a 53-year-old kidney transplant recipient diabetic male, suffering from recurrent fever, abdominal pain and nausea episodes. Immediate broad-spectrum antibiotics were administered and percutaneous drainage was performed after the diagnosis...
March 2014: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24474535/current-clinical-management-of-renal-and-perinephric-abscesses-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Emanuele Rubilotta, Matteo Balzarro, Vincenzo Lacola, Alessandra Sarti, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Walter Artibani
Renal and perinephric abscesses are rare but very severe conditions resulting from infections in or surrounding the kidneys. Symptoms and imaging techniques, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and renal ultrasound (US) of higher quality have led to an early diagnosis that is very important for patients' prognosis. The best clinical approach to manage this disease is still debated. Antibiotic therapy represents the usual treatment of small renal abscesses. This management can be insufficient in case of larger renal abscesses requiring percutaneous or surgical drainage...
July 2014: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455381/spontaneous-ureteral-rupture-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
E Pampana, S Altobelli, M Morini, A Ricci, S D'Onofrio, G Simonetti
Rupture of the urinary collecting system associated with perinephric or retroperitoneal extravasation of the urine is an unusual condition and it is commonly associated with renal obstructing disease. Perforation could occur at any level from the calix to the bladder but it is usually seen at the fornices and upper ureter. It may lead to several serious consequences including urinoma, abscess formation, urosepsis, infection, and subsequent irreversible renal impairment. We report a case of a 69-year-old woman who presented at the emergency department of our institution with severe abdominal pain...
2013: Case Reports in Radiology
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