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cpr pregnancy

Afsoon Zarei, Parastoo Sohail, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Saeed Alborzi, Alamtaj Samsami, Maryam Azizi
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes between four regimens of luteal phase support (LPS), including vaginal progesterone, oral dydrogesterone, combination of oral dydrogesterone and gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRH-α), and combination of oral dydrogesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), in Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed during a 6-month period, including candidates for FET...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Ishita Ganguly, Aparna Singh, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Nitika Gupta
Introduction. Aim of the study was to find the effect of various prognostic factors in cases of unexplained infertility undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). Methods. 146 cases of unexplained infertility were included. A maximum of 3 cycles of IUI were done with clomiphene citrate/HMG. Ovulation trigger was given when the largest follicle diameter was >18 mm, and IUI was planned 36 hours later. Luteal phase support was given for 15 days, urine pregnancy test was done on day 15, ultrasonography was done at 7 weeks, and pregnancy was followed up till delivery...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Tomasz Fuchs, Krzysztof Grobelak, Michał Pomorski, Mariusz Zimmer
BACKGROUND: Cardiotocography (CTG) is the most widely used procedure despite its low specificity for fetal acidosis and poor perinatal outcome. Fetal electrocardiography (fECG) with transabdominal electrodes is a new, non-invasive and promising method with greater potential for detecting impairment of fetal circulation. This study is the first that attempts to assess the usefulness of fECG in comparison to CTG during antepartum period. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a single fECG examination along with CTG tracing and Doppler flow measurement in the fetal vessels has any additional clinical value in normal and intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Samuel Santos-Ribeiro, Nikolaos P Polyzos, Vuong Thi Ngoc Lan, Johannie Siffain, Shari Mackens, Lisbet Van Landuyt, Herman Tournaye, Christophe Blockeel
STUDY QUESTION: Does the timing of the first frozen embryo transfer (FET) after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triggering with the elective cryopreservation of all embryos affect pregnancy outcome? SUMMARY ANSWER: FETs performed immediately after a freeze-all cycle did not vary significantly from delayed FETs in terms of pregnancy rates. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: As interest in, and use of, the freeze-all strategy expands in the field of reproductive medicine, the optimal timing to perform the subsequent FET has become increasingly important...
September 8, 2016: Human Reproduction
Mulubrhan F Mogos, Jason L Salemi, Kiara K Spooner, Barbara L McFarlin, Hamisu M Salihu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pregnancy status and in-hospital mortality after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in an inpatient setting. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases (2002-2011). International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes were used to define cases, comorbidities, and clinical outcomes. Rates of CPR among study groups were calculated by patient and hospital characteristics...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacquelyn Adams, Jose R Cepeda Brito, Lauren Baker, Patrick G Hughes, M David Gothard, Michele L McCarroll, Jocelyn Davis, Angela Silber, Rami A Ahmed
Objective. To evaluate confidence, knowledge, and competence after a simulation-based curriculum on maternal cardiac arrest in an Obstetrics & Gynecologic (OBGYN) residency program. Methods. Four simulations with structured debriefing focusing on high yield causes and management of maternal cardiac arrest were executed. Pre- and post-individual knowledge tests (KT) and confidence surveys (CS) were collected along with group scores of critical performance steps evaluated by content experts for the first and final simulations...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
Anthea Gibbons, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and intrapartum and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) birthing at the Mater Mothers' Hospital in Brisbane between 2007 and 2015. The CPR in 1089 non-anomalous singleton fetuses measured between 34 + 0 and 36 + 6 weeks gestation was compared between types of GDM treatment groups and correlated with intrapartum and perinatal outcomes...
August 22, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Alberto Borges Peixoto, Taciana Mara Rodrigues da Cunha Caldas, Tácito Augusto Godoy Silva, Mário Sérgio Silva Gomes Caetano, Wellington P Martins, Eduardo Felix Martins Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate ultrasound and Doppler parameters in the third trimester of pregnancy as possible predictors of adverse perinatal outcome in unselected pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study including unselected pregnant women be-tween 27 and 36 + 6 weeks of gestation. The following ultrasound and Doppler parameters were assessed: estimated fetal weight (EFW) [g], EFW percentile, placental maturity grade (Grannum classification), single vertical deepest pocket (SVDP) of amniotic fluid [cm], amniotic fluid index (AFI) [cm], mean uterine artery (UtA) pulsatility index (PI), umbilical artery (UA) PI, middle cerebral artery (MCA) PI, MCA peak systolic velocity (PSV) [cm/s], and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR)...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Fisun Vural, Birol Vural, Emek Doğer, Yiğit Çakıroğlu, Mustafa Çekmen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the association of perifollicular blood flow (PFBF) with follicular fluid EG-VEGF, inhibin-a, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations, endometrial vascularity, and IVF outcomes. METHODS: Forty women with tubal factor infertility were included in a prospective cohort study. Each woman underwent IVF/ICSI procedure. Individual follicles of ≥16 mm (n = 156) were evaluated by power Doppler analysis and categorized as well-vascularized follicles (WVFs) or poorly vascularized follicles (PVFs)...
October 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Laura M Carlson, Jasmine Johnson, Jacquelyn Patterson, Matthew R Grace, Wayne Price, Catherine J Vladutiu, Tracy A Manuck, Robert A Strauss
Objective The objective of this study was to describe antenatal/intrapartum management and survival of liveborn infants with known trisomy 13 (T13) or trisomy 18 (T18) based on planned neonatal care. Study Design This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies complicated by T13/T18 at a tertiary center from 2004 to 2015. We included pregnancies with antenatal or neonatal cytogenetic T13/T18 diagnosis and excluded those which were terminated or had a fetal demise < 20 weeks. We compared antenatal/intrapartum management and neonatal survival by planned neonatal care, defined as either neonatal intervention (INT), including neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitative measures or comfort care (CC) without resuscitative measures...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Yadava Bapurao Jeve, Harish Malappa Bhandari
Poor ovarian response represents an increasingly common problem. This systematic review was aimed to identify the most effective treatment protocol for poor response. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library from 1980 to October 2015. Study quality assessment and meta-analyses were performed according to the Cochrane recommendations. We found 61 trials including 4997 cycles employing 10 management strategies. Most common strategy was the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRHant), and was compared with GnRH agonist protocol (17 trials; n = 1696) for pituitary down-regulation which showed no significant difference in the outcome...
April 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Yanna Andressa Ramos Lima, Mônica Nogueira Guarda Reis, Ludimila Paula Vaz Cardoso, Mariane Martins Araújo Stefani
OBJECTIVES: To describe socioeconomic and antiretroviral (ARV) drug resistance profiles among young pregnant women infected with HIV-1. SETTING: A public health antenatal programme responsible for screening ∼90 000 pregnant women per year for nine different infectious diseases in Central Western Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 96 young pregnant women (15-24 years) infected with HIV-1. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Standard interviews and blood samples were taken at the time of recruitment, at the first medical appointment after confirmation of diagnosis of HIV-1 infection, and before ARV prophylaxis initiation...
2016: BMJ Open
Andrea Busnelli, Alessio Paffoni, Luigi Fedele, Edgardo Somigliana
BACKGROUND: Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) is the most frequent autoimmune condition and the first cause of thyroid dysfunction among women of reproductive age. Notably, it has been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes during all trimesters of pregnancy. Furthermore, since most studies show an increased prevalence of TAI among women attending infertility clinics, a detrimental impact of this condition on natural fertility and on the rate of success of assisted reproductive techniques has been suggested...
June 20, 2016: Human Reproduction Update
Caitlin Dunne, Carole Lawrence, Arianne Albert, Jon C Havelock
BACKGROUND: To study whether the length of controlled ovarian stimulation affects in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was performed at a private, university-affiliated fertility centre. We reviewed1522 IVF cycles, comprising 979 long gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and 543 GnRH antagonist protocols. All subjects underwent controlled ovarian stimulation followed by fresh embryo transfer. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between trigger day and the following cycle outcomes: normal fertilization rate (FR), proportion of mature oocytes, proportion of cycles with embryos for cryopreservation, and clinical pregnancy rate (CPR)...
June 8, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Stefania Triunfo, Fatima Crispi, Eduard Gratacos, Francesc Figueras
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive capacity of feto-placental Doppler performed at 37 gestational weeks in identifying smallness-for-gestational age (SGA) and adverse perinatal outcome (APO). METHODS: A prospective cohort of low risk singleton pregnancies scanned at 37 gestational weeks was constructed. At inclusion, biometry for estimated fetal weight (EFW) and feto-placental Doppler evaluation (uterine artery pulsatility index [UtA-PI], cerebroplacental ratio [CPR] and umbilical vein blood flow [UVBF] normalized by EFW) were measured...
May 31, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
A Ruiz, M Cruz-Lemini, N Masoller, M Sanz-Cortés, Q Ferrer, I Ribera, J M Martínez, F Crispi, S Arévalo, O Gómez, S Pérez-Hoyos, E Carreras, E Gratacós, E Llurba
OBJECTIVES: To determine the longitudinal behaviour of fetal biometries and cerebroplacental haemodynamics thoughout gestation in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Fetal biometries and Doppler haemodynamics (uterine artery (UtA), umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA)) were serially measured in a cohort of consecutive fetuses diagnosed with CHD. Evaluations were made at various time points, from diagnosis (<25 weeks) to delivery, with at least 2 measurements per foetus and at least 2 weeks apart...
May 23, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
José Morales-Roselló, Asma Khalil, Amparo Alba-Redondo, Luisa Martinez-Triguero, Farida Akhoundova, Alfredo Perales-Marín, Basky Thilaganathan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the umbilical cord venous S100β levels in late-pregnancy fetuses with abnormal growth and cerebral redistribution. METHODS: The pulsatility index of the umbilical and middle cerebral arteries and the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) were measured in 132 fetuses at ≥34 weeks, and the CPR was converted into multiples of the median (MoM). A blood sample from the umbilical vein was collected at birth, and the umbilical venous S100β levels were evaluated in small and non-small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses, with and without abnormal Doppler indices...
April 23, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Gyoung Hoon Lee, Hyun Jin Song, Kyu Sup Lee, Young Min Choi
OBJECTIVE: The number of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics, ART cycles, clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), and number of newborns conceived using ART have steadily increased in South Korea. This aim of this study was to describe the status of ART in South Korea between January 1 and December 31, 2011. METHODS: A localized online survey was created and sent to all available ART centers via email in 2015. Fresh embryo transfer (FET) cases were categorized depending on whether standard in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or half-ICSI procedures were used...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Huiqun Yin, Hong Jiang, Ruibing He, Cunli Wang, Jie Zhu, Yang Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between the morphology score of blastocysts and blastocoele re-expansion speed after warming with clinical outcomes, which could assist in making correct and cost-effective decisions regarding the appropriate time to vitrify blastocysts and to transfer vitrified-warmed blastocysts. METHODS: A total of 327 vitrified-warmed two-blastocyst transfer cycles in women 38 years old and younger were included in this retrospective study...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Adel Shervin, Arash Mohazzab, Mina Aminlou, Koorosh Kamali, Roya Padmehr, Khadijeh Shadjoo, Parvin Jaberi-Pour, Elham Akbari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the result of laparoscopic endometrioma excision in fertility outcome of advanced endometriosis patients. STUDY DESIGN: The study was designated as historical cohort, in a private referral center of advance laparoscopy. 111 infertile patients, diagnosed as endometriosis, were divided in two groups: DIE (deep infiltrative endometriosis) and endometrioma (case group), and patients with only DIE (without endometrioma ((control group). All patients underwent global laparoscopic resection of DIE lesion (both groups) and laparoscopic excisional cystectomy of endometrioma (case groups)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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