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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#1
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923240/-a-screening-tool-for-three-dimensions-of-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-in-the-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-a-proposal-for-a-short-form-of-the-occupational-stress-and-coping-inventory-avem-3d
#2
V Beierlein, V Köllner, R Neu, H Schulz
Objectives: The assessment of work pressures is of particular importance in psychosomatic rehabilitation. An established questionnaire is the Occupational Stress and Coping Inventory (German abbr. AVEM), but it is quite long and with regard to scoring time-consuming in routine clinical care. It should therefore be tested, whether a shortened version of the AVEM can be developed, which is able to assess the formerly described three second-order factors of the AVEM, namely Working Commitment, Resilience, and Emotions, sufficiently reliable and valid, and which also may be used for screening of patients with prominent work-related behavior and experience patterns...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923239/-motivational-and-volitional-determinants-of-applying-for-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#3
M Bethge, E Peters, E Michel, F M Radoschewski, K Spanier
Objective: Analyses of motivational and volitional determinants of applying for psychosomatic rehabilitation Methods: Determinants of a rehabilitation request were assessed by a questionnaire in 2013. Applications for psychosomatic rehabilitation measures until the end of 2014 were extracted from administrative data records. Included were employees with mental disorders. Results: Only 55 of 974 persons requested a rehabilitation measure. The intention to apply for a rehabilitation measure was strongest determined by self-efficacy and family and professional support...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923194/gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students
#4
Xiao-Jun Sun, Geng-Feng Niu, Zhi-Qi You, Zong-Kui Zhou, Yun Tang
BACKGROUND: The effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on depression have been well-documented. But depression is a heterogeneous syndrome of which the severity ranged from mild depression to major depression. This study aimed to investigate the specific effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on different stages of depression severity. METHOD: A total of 5989 students (aged 16-25 years, M=20.85, SD=0.58), recruited from six universities in the central region of China using the stratified cluster sampling method, completed Life Events Questionnaire, Coping Response Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923147/validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-psqi-pt
#5
Karine Alexandra Del Rio João, Nathália Brandolim Becker, Saul de Neves Jesus, Rute Isabel Santos Martins
The present study was realised to validate the Portuguese version of the PSQI. The instrument PSQI-PT was applied to 347 Portuguese community-dwelling adults aged 18-69 years old. The resulting data was used to perform the psychometric analysis to validate the instrument. No structural modifications to the questionnaire were necessary during the adaptation process. The scores for the PSQI-PT showed an adequate internal consistency. The principal component analysis (PCA) produced good factor loading for all items...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923014/potential-impact-of-integrated-stigma-mitigation-interventions-in-improving-hiv-aids-service-delivery-and-uptake-for-key-populations-in-senegal
#7
Carrie E Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Daouda Diouf, Fatou M Drame, Benjamin Liestman, Karleen Coly, Cheikh Ndour, Gnilane Turpin, Souleymane Mboup, Karim Diop, Coumba Toure-Kane, Delivette Castor, Nafissatou Leye-Diouf, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW) are consistently shown to have a higher burden of HIV compared with other adults in Senegal. This study, HIV Prevention 2.0, evaluates the impact of the 3-tiered integrated stigma mitigation interventions (ISMIs) approach to optimizing HIV service delivery for key populations in Senegal. METHODS: Baseline assessment includes a questionnaire and biological testing for HIV. A proportion of participants enrolled into a 24-month longitudinal cohort with questionnaires and biological testing every 3 months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922950/a-prospective-randomized-comparative-trial-of-targeted-steroid-injection-via-epidural-catheter-versus-standard-c7-t1-interlaminar-approach-for-the-treatment-of-unilateral-cervical-radicular-pain
#8
Zachary L McCormick, Ariana Nelson, Meghan Bhave, Mikhail Zhukalin, Mark Kendall, Robert J McCarthy, Dost Khan, Geeta Nagpal, David R Walega
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No study has compared cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection (CIESI) with epidural catheter advancement to the side and level of pathology versus standard C7-T1 CIESI. This study investigated whether cervical radicular pain is more effectively treated by CIESI with a targeted epidural catheter versus a standard C7-T1 approach. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain at 1 month...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922938/skeletal-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-higher-dietary-protein-intake-and-lower-body-fat-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Thaís R Silva, Poli M Spritzer
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between skeletal muscle mass and dietary protein intake, habitual physical activity, body composition, and metabolic variables. METHODS: One hundred three healthy postmenopausal women from southern Brazil (age 55.2 ± 4.9 y, body mass index 27.2 ± 4.6 kg/m) were enrolled. Bone mineral density, %body fat, %trunk fat mass, and appendicular lean mass were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, resting metabolic rate by indirect calorimetry, and habitual physical activity by pedometer...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#10
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922923/fear-of-recurrence-as-a-predictor-of-care-needs-for-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Su-Ying Fang, Susan Jane Fetzer, Kuo-Ting Lee, Yao-Lung Kuo
BACKGROUND: The improved survival rate for breast cancer has increased the number of women living with the diagnosis for more than 5 years. Limited studies have focused on the care needs for long-term healthy survivors of breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand the care needs of long-term breast cancer survivors and identify related factors that influence these needs. METHODS: A convenience sampling with a correlational study design was used...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922921/the-effects-of-muscle-relaxation-and-therapeutic-walking-on-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#12
Fan-Ko Sun, Chao-Ming Hung, YuChun Yao, Chu-Yun Lu, Chun-Ying Chiang
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate of cancer patients is high in Taiwan. Breast cancer has a high incidence rate and is the leading cause of cancer in women. There is a lack of research examining breast cancer-related depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of muscle relaxation and therapeutic walking on depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: An experimental approach was adopted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922913/how-menopause-symptoms-and-attitude-impact-korean-women-s-quality-of-life-after-adjuvant-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#13
Moonhee Gang, Mi Sook Jung, Sunyoung Park, Younghee Park, Kyongok Oh
BACKGROUND: Attitudes toward menopause vary across cultures and influence women's experiences of menopausal symptoms, possibly leading to reduced posttreatment quality of life in breast cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of menopausal symptoms and attitudes on health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors who were premenopausal at the time of diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 139 women receiving chemotherapy with/without endocrine therapy were assessed with self-report questionnaires of established reliability and validity...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922895/a-systematized-strategy-in-corrective-rhinoplasty-for-the-asian-deviated-nose
#14
Yong-Ha Kim, Chang Young Jung, Kyu Jin Chung, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Gon Kim
BACKGROUND: A deviated nose is a common deformity encountered in rhinoplasty. Over the past several decades, a variety of rhinoplasty techniques have been described focusing on the classification of bony and cartilaginous deviation. Nevertheless, corrective rhinoplasty is still a challenging procedure even for experienced surgeons because of the high recurrence rate of deviation. In attempt to reduce the recurrence rate, the author systematized the complex procedures by using a single technique regardless of the classification of a deviation...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922844/prediction-of-acute-postoperative-pain-following-breast-cancer-surgery-using-the-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire-a-cohort-study
#15
Benno Rehberg, Stanislas Mathivon, Christophe Combescure, Yannick Mercier, Georges L Savoldelli
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have indicated that preoperative pain sensitivity correlates with postoperative pain intensity, and thus may be used to predict severe postoperative pain. Self-rating of pain sensitivity using the "Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ)" may be an adjunct to these measures. METHODS: We tested the predictive ability of the PSQ as well as experimental parameters of pain sensitivity and other known risk factors for acute pain in 198 patients scheduled for breast cancer surgery...
January 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922842/what-s-in-a-name-healthcare-providers-perceptions-of-pediatric-pain-patients-based-on-diagnostic-labels
#16
Taylor A Betsch, Ayala Y Gorodzinsky, G Allen Finley, Michael Sangster, Jill Chorney
OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic labels can help patients better understand their symptoms and can influence providers' treatment planning and patient interactions. Recurrent pain is common in childhood; however, there are various diagnostic labels used. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of diagnostic labels on pediatric healthcare providers' perceptions of pediatric chronic pain patients. METHODS: Using an online survey, providers were randomly assigned to one of two vignette conditions (differing only in diagnostic label provided) and completed questionnaires about their perceptions of the vignette patient...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#17
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922781/community-nurse-s-knowledge-confidence-and-experience-of-the-mental-capacity-act-in-practice
#18
Helen Marshall, Sally Sprung
The Mental Capacity Act (MCA) is statutory legislation introduced in 2007 to protect and empower people to make decisions for themselves and those who were deemed as unable to make choices would have decisions made on their behalf, often by health professionals. All health professionals must follow the guiding principles of this legislation. Yet a scrutiny report by the House of Lords concluded this legislation was under-used with a lack of knowledge among professionals regarding applying the legislation in practice...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922760/nervecheck-for-the-detection-of-sensory-loss-and-neuropathic-pain-in-diabetes
#19
Georgios Ponirakis, Maria N Odriozola, Samantha Odriozola, Ioannis N Petropoulos, Shazli Azmi, Maryam Ferdousi, Hassan Fadavi, Uazman Alam, Andrew Marshall, Maria Jeziorska, Anthony Miro, Ahmad Kheyami, Mitra Tavakoli, Ahmed Al-Ahmar, Maria B Odriozola, Ariel Odriozola, Rayaz A Malik
BACKGROUND: Accurate and economic detection of nerve damage in diabetes is key to more widespread diagnosis of patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and painful diabetic neuropathy. This study examined the diagnostic performance of NerveCheck, an inexpensive ($500) quantitative sensory testing (QST) device. METHODS: One hundred forty-four subjects (74 with and 70 without diabetes) underwent assessment with NerveCheck, neuropathy disability score (NDS), nerve conduction studies (NCS), intraepidermal and corneal nerve fiber density (IENFD and CNFD), and McGill questionnaire for neuropathic pain...
December 6, 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922725/resilience-and-traumatic-brain-injury-among-iraq-afghanistan-war-veterans-differential-patterns-of-adjustment-and-quality-of-life
#20
Timothy R Elliott, Yu-Yu Hsiao, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Oi-Man Kwok, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: We examined the degree to which a resilient personality prototype predicted adjustment among war Veterans with and without a traumatic brain injury (TBI) while covarying the level of combat exposure. METHOD: A total of 127 war Veterans (107 men, 20 women; average age = 37 years) participated. Personality prototypes were derived from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Patrick, Curtain, & Tellegen, 2002). Measures were administered at baseline, and a subset was administered at 4- and 8-month follow-ups...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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