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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679899/postpartum-posttraumatic-and-acute-stress-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-cross-sectional-results-from-a-controlled-multicenter-cohort-study
#1
Nadine Helle, Claus Barkmann, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: The birth of a preterm infant can be stressful and traumatic for parents and may cause posttraumatic stress symptoms and disorders. There is a dearth of data from controlled studies regarding level, prevalence, risk, and predictors of these symptoms in parents after preterm birth. METHODS: As part of the longitudinal HaFEn-study, data from parents of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW), and term infants were cross-sectionally analyzed. We recruited parents at the three largest perinatal care centers in Hamburg, Germany...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679824/extended-producer-responsibility-and-corporate-performance-effects-of-environmental-regulation-and-environmental-strategy
#2
Benhong Peng, Yu Tu, Ehsan Elahi, Guo Wei
While contemporary manufacturing technologies stimulate the industrial revolution and promote the rapidly changing global economy, it has caused enormous environmental negative externalities and managing the industrial waste remains a primary challenge, especially for fast developing countries such as China. Though existing studies explored the influence of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) legislations on environmental externalities, only fewer researches aimed at policy issues. Particularly, the relationship among environmental regulations, environmental strategies and corporate performance in the EPR system has not been deeply investigated...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679769/infection-status-and-risk-factors-associated-with-urinary-schistosomiasis-among-school-going-children-in-the-ndumo-area-of-umkhanyakude-district-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-two-years-post-treatment
#3
Muhubiri Kabuyaya, Moses John Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of praziquantel of infected children with Schistosoma haematobium over a 2year period in the Ndumo area of uMkhanyakude district, South Africa. METHODS: This cohort study enrolled 173 school-going children in September 2017 that participated in a baseline survey conducted in 2015 in the Ndumo area. Questionnaire interviews were conducted to collect information on the risk factors related to transmission of schistosomiasis and filtration technique was performed to detect Schistosoma haematobium eggs in urine...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679754/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-pathological-subtype-mcc-spain
#4
Virginia Lope, Adela Castelló, Antonio Mena-Bravo, Pilar Amiano, Nuria Aragonés, Tania Fernández-Villa, Marcela Guevara, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardón, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Víctor Moreno, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Marian Diaz-Santos, Madalen Oribe, Isabel Romieu, Manolis Kogevinas, Feliciano Priego-Capote, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán
Epidemiologic evidence on the association between vitamin D and breast cancer is still inconclusive. This study analyzes the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and breast cancer risk by pathologic subtype, stage at diagnosis and specific breast cancer risk factors. We conducted a population-based multicase-control study where 546 histologically-confirmed breast cancer cases and 558 population controls, frequently matched by geographic area, age and body mass index, were recruited in 12 Spanish provinces (MCC-Spain)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679721/effectiveness-evaluation-of-digital-virtual-simulation-application-in-teaching-of-gross-anatomy
#5
Xiaohua Deng, Guowei Zhou, Bing Xiao, Zirui Zhao, Yicheng He, Chujun Chen
INTRODUCTION: digital virtual simulation (DVS) is increasingly used to supplement the teaching of anatomy. DVS can provide the students with three-dimensional (3D) stereoscopic images and precise structures in anatomy teaching. We investigated the effects of digital virtual simulation (DVS) application in gross anatomy teaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: fourth-year medical students (n=120), majoring clinical medicine in 2013 grade from Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, were assigned into four classes...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679628/long-and-short-term-outcomes-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-among-south-asian-women-a-community-based-study
#6
REVIEW
B H Sudasinghe, C N Wijeyaratne, P S Ginige
AIMS: To quantify short and long-term outcomes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) among South Asians METHODS: Prospective cohort-study in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka following a community-prevalence study (WHO 1999 criteria). All women with GDM (exposed) and within sample non-GDM (non-exposed) were recruited. Data was gathered at selected intervals until one-year post-partum by interviewer-administered questionnaire, anthropometry, blood pressure, post-partum 75gOGTT and cholesterol...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679591/the-intrauterine-device-as-emergency-contraception-how-much-do-young-women-know
#7
Suzan R Goodman, Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Courtney E Benedict, Jessica R Dieseldorff, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Unprotected intercourse is common, especially among teens and young women. Access to intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception (EC) can help interested patients more effectively prevent unintended pregnancy and can also offer ongoing contraception. This study evaluated young women's awareness of IUD as EC and interest in case of need. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from young women, ages 18-25years, not desiring pregnancy within 12months, and receiving contraceptive counseling within a cluster-randomized trial in 40U...
April 18, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679517/urogenital-function-three-years-after-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#8
Anna Ledebo, David Bock, Mattias Prytz, Eva Haglind, Eva Angenete
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore urogenital dysfunction and associated risk factors after treatment of rectal cancer, in a large national cohort of patients three years after abdominoperineal excision and to compare outcomes with a reference population and a cohort of patients operated for prostate cancer. METHOD: Patients treated with abdominoperineal excision 2007-2009 were identified using the Swedish ColoRectal Cancer Registry. All consenting patients received a questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679514/dutch-validation-of-the-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-score
#9
Britt Jp Hupkens, Stéphanie O Breukink, Carlijn Olde Reuver Of Briel, Pieter J Tanis, Mirre E de Noo, Peter van Duijvendijk, Henderik L van Westreenen, Jan Willem T Dekker, Tina Yt Chen, Therese Juul
AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Dutch translation of the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) score in a population of Dutch rectal cancer patients. METHOD: Patients who underwent surgery for rectal cancer received the LARS score questionnaire, a single quality of life category question and the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. A subgroup of patients received the LARS score twice to assess the test-retest reliability. RESULTS: A total of 165 patients were included in the analysis, identified in six Dutch centres...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679452/multidimensional-patient-impression-of-change-following-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#10
Christine M Gagnon, Paul Scholten, James Atchison
OBJECTIVES: To assess patient impression of change following interdisciplinary pain management utilizing a newly developed Multidimensional Patient Impression of Change (MPIC) questionnaire. METHODS: A heterogeneous group of chronic pain patients (N = 601) participated in an interdisciplinary treatment program. Programs included individual and group therapies (pain psychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, relaxation training/biofeedback, aerobic conditioning, patient education and medical management)...
April 20, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679418/family-involvement-in-rehabilitation-coronary-artery-disease-patients-perspectives
#11
Sonja Tuomisto, Meeri Koivula, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki, Mika Helminen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe CAD -patients' perceptions of family involvement in rehabilitation and the connection between background factors and family involvement. BACKGROUND: CAD-patients hospital stays can be very concise. Family members can support rehabilitation, but many challenges can emerge. There is a need to nurture patients and family members in an individual way and to recognize their concerns. More accurate patient education should be available for patients and their family members...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679412/influence-of-the-medication-environment-on-the-unsafe-medication-behavior-of-nurses-a-path-analysis
#12
Xi Yu, Ce Li, Xueqin Gao, Furong Liu, Ping Lin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between the medication environment and the unsafe medication behavior of nurses and to analyze its influence path. BACKGROUND: Unsafe medication behavior is the direct cause of medication error. The organizational environment is the foundation of and plays a guiding role in work behavior. Whether the medication environment correlates with the unsafe medication behavior of nurses remains unclear. DESIGN: This study used a correlative design with self-administered questionnaires, and the SHEL model, an acronym of its elements of software, hardware, environment, and liveware, was used as the framework for the medication environment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679409/increased-care-demand-and-medical-costs-after-falls-in-nursing-homes-a-delphi-study
#13
Carolyn Shanty Sterke, Martien J Panneman, Vicki Erasmus, Suzanne Polinder, Ed F van Beeck
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To estimate the increased care demand and medical costs caused by falls in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: There is compelling evidence that falls in nursing homes are preventable. However, proper implementation of evidence-based guidelines to prevent falls are often hindered by insufficient management support, staff time, and funding. DESIGN: A three-round Delphi study. METHODS: A panel of 41 experts, all working in nursing homes in the Netherlands, received three online questionnaires to estimate the extra hours of care needed during the first year after the fall...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679333/a-mixed-methods-study-to-examine-the-role-of-psychosocial-stress-and-air-pollution-on-hypertension-in-mexican-origin-hispanics
#14
Amal Rammah, Kristina Walker Whitworth, Inkyu Han, Wenyaw Chan, Maria D Jimenez, Sara S Strom, Melissa L Bondy, Elaine Symanski
PURPOSE: Independent and combined effects of air pollution and psychosocial stressors on hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, among Hispanics are not well studied. METHODS: We administered a pilot-tested questionnaire on individual- and neighborhood-level psychosocial stressors, developed with community input, to nearly 2500 individuals from the MD Anderson Cancer Center cohort of Mexican-Americans. We used data from local air quality monitors to estimate individual exposures to ozone (O3 ) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679317/sensitivity-analysis-for-not-at-random-missing-data-in-trial-based-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-tutorial
#15
Baptiste Leurent, Manuel Gomes, Rita Faria, Stephen Morris, Richard Grieve, James R Carpenter
Cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) of randomised controlled trials are a key source of information for health care decision makers. Missing data are, however, a common issue that can seriously undermine their validity. A major concern is that the chance of data being missing may be directly linked to the unobserved value itself [missing not at random (MNAR)]. For example, patients with poorer health may be less likely to complete quality-of-life questionnaires. However, the extent to which this occurs cannot be ascertained from the data at hand...
April 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679310/the-association-of-snoring-and-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-poor-academic-performance-among-university-students
#16
Basheer Y Khassawneh, Loiy L Alkhatib, Ali M Ibnian, Yousef S Khader
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have neurocognitive dysfunction. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of symptoms and risk of OSA among university students and the association with academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Jordan University of Science and Technology. Students from faculties of engineering, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and dentistry were asked to participate in this study...
April 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679206/injury-prevention-and-return-to-play-strategies-in-elite-football-no-consent-between-players-and-team-coaches
#17
Oliver Loose, Leonard Achenbach, Birgit Fellner, Jennifer Lehmann, Petra Jansen, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are a common problem in football. To improve prevention strategies, the players' (p) and coaches' (c) views need to be disclosed as they have a strong impact on return to play decisions. The aim of this study is to reveal current opinions with regard to injury prevention and return to play strategies to introduce new strategies in elite football. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective data analysis of elite salaried football players (n = 486) and team coaches (n = 88), a detailed investigation by means of a standardized questionnaire was carried out...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679183/effects-of-respiratory-and-applied-muscle-tensing-interventions-on-responses-to-a-simulated-blood-draw-among-individuals-with-high-needle-fear
#18
Jennifer M Kowalsky, Robert Conatser, Thomas Ritz, Christopher R France
Fear of blood and needles increases risk for presyncopal symptoms. Applied muscle tension can prevent or attenuate presyncopal symptoms; however, it is not universally effective. This study examined the effects of applied muscle tension, a respiratory intervention, and a no treatment control condition, on presyncopal symptoms and cerebral oxygenation, during a simulated blood draw with individuals highly fearful of needles. Participants (n = 95) completed questionnaires, physiological monitoring, and two trials of a simulated blood draw with recovery...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679167/hot-joints-myth-or-reality-a-thermographic-joint-assessment-of-inflammatory-arthritis-patients
#19
Britney Jones, Imran Hassan, Ross T Tsuyuki, Marla Francisca Dos Santos, A S Russell, Elaine Yacyshyn
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common inflammatory disease that causes destruction of joints. Accurate recognition of active disease has significant implications in determining appropriate treatment; however, there is significant inter-rater variability in clinical joint assessment. This study aimed to assess the utility of thermographic imaging in the evaluation of inflammatory arthritis activity as an adjunct to clinical assessment. This was a cross-sectional study of 79 subjects recruited from the University of Alberta Outpatient Rheumatology clinic comparing the hand joints of 49 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosed by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria to 30 healthy volunteers...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679158/de-implementation-of-urodynamics-in-the-netherlands-after-the-value-vusis-2-results-a-nationwide-survey
#20
Bianca B Mengerink, Willianne L D M Nelen, Sanne A L van Leijsen, John P F A Heesakkers, Kirsten B Kluivers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to estimate the level of de-implementation of preoperative routine urodynamics (UDS) before stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery in The Netherlands and to analyze facilitators and barriers. Routine UDS was performed by 37% of the medical specialists in 2010. We hypothesized that the recommendations from the recent Value of Urodynamics prior to Stress Incontinence Surgery (VUSIS) and Value of Urodynamic Evaluation (ValUE) studies would have been followed by a reduction of routine UDS...
April 20, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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