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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458183/age-dependent-attitudes-of-ischemic-patients-towards-disability-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#1
Byoung-Joon Kim, Yeon Ran Hong, Youngmin Han, Yang-Ha Hwang, Boram Ohk, Jaechan Park
OBJECTIVE: To improve the process of surgical informed consent, patient attitudes towards acceptable levels of disability after decompressive surgery for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction are investigated, including the impact of patient age. METHODS: Patients who had experienced a recent minor stroke were asked to complete a questionnaire comprised of 2 parts: 1) demographic information, including patient age, gender, years of education, working status, religion, and economic status and 2) acceptable level of disability based on a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) with corresponding illustrations to explain the mRS levels...
February 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457995/validation-of-a-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-transition-readiness-assessment-questionnaire-traq-in-a-population-of-transitional-youth-with-chronic-rheumatologic-disorders
#2
Catherine G Anelli, Claudio A Len, Maria T Terreri, Gleice C S Russo, Andreas O Reiff
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire in a population of adolescents and young adults with chronic rheumatologic disorders. This questionnaire evaluates the patient's readiness for making the transition from the pediatric health service to adult care. METHODS: The four-phase methodology for the translation and validation of generic questionnaires was followed, including translation, back-translation, pilot testing and clinical validation of the final tool...
February 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457967/dna-damage-and-genomic-instability-among-workers-formerly-and-currently-exposed-to-asbestos
#3
Mirta Milić, Monica Neri, Marcello Ceppi, Marco Bruzzone, Armelle Munnia, Donatella Ugolini, Alfonso Cristaudo, Alessandra Bonotti, Marco E Peluso, Stefano Bonassi
Objectives Despite an asbestos ban in the European Union, exposure to asbestos still represents an occupational risk. Biomarkers of DNA damage and genomic instability in groups exposed to asbestos may contribute to the identification of subgroups/subjects at higher risk. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 468 male individuals (80 working in occupational settings with potential exposure to asbestos fibers, 202 retired workers with past exposure, and 186 non-exposed controls) to compare genomic instability, cell proliferation and differentiation level using the non-invasive micronucleus buccal cytome assay...
February 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457928/an-atraumatic-retractor-for-interdisciplinary-use-in-conventional-laparoscopy-and-robotic-surgery
#4
Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND: The removal of obstacles from the surgical field is a crucial aspect of any procedure in gynecological, urological or visceral laparoscopic surgery. Reliable instruments and skilled assistance are essential for the smooth execution of procedures. Blunt forceps are commonly used to keep tissue away from the operating field. The range of existing instruments has been enhanced by the introduction of laparoscopic retractors. However, no laparoscopic retractor can be used without causing tissue damage...
February 19, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457924/factors-influencing-audiologists-perception-of-moral-climate-in-the-workplace
#5
Andrea Simpson, Kendall Phillips, Danny Wong, Sandy Clarke, Michelle Thornton
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess audiologists' perceptions of ethics and moral climate in the workplace. DESIGN: The Ethics Environmental Questionnaire (EEQ) was sent out to all audiologists registered with the professional body Audiology Australia. Participants were also invited to undertake a semi-structured interview. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 301 audiologists completed the questionnaire. Eight of these participants also agreed to complete the interview...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457923/flipping-social-determinants-on-its-head-medical-student-perspectives-on-the-flipped-classroom-and-simulated-patients-to-teach-social-determinants-of-health
#6
N Gostelow, J Barber, F Gishen, A Berlin
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in healthcare are increasing. Engaging medical students to tackle this urgent challenge alongside clinical sciences can be demanding. This study examines medical student perceptions of a flipped approach to health inequalities co-designed by faculty and sixth-year students. INNOVATION: A flipped learning session was piloted for year 4 medical students combining an online lesson followed by a tutorial with a simulated patient. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach collected questionnaire data using 4-point Likert scales and free text answers...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457873/the-impact-of-video-nasal-endoscopy-on-patient-satisfaction
#7
Vidur Bhalla, D David Beahm, Kevin J Sykes, Kavindu K Ndeti, Alexander G Chiu
BACKGROUND: Video nasal endoscopy has significant associated expense for practices, but its use has been justified by the benefit it provides to the examiner. No study has examined the perceived benefit to the patient. In this study, the impact of video endoscopy on patient satisfaction is evaluated. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was performed on new patients receiving care in the rhinology clinics of a tertiary-care center. Patients were randomized into the standard endoscopic examination (SEE) or video endoscopic examination (VEE) groups...
February 19, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457700/impact-of-home-spirometry-on-medication-adherence-among-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Aarti Shakkottai, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Kasmikha, Samya Z Nasr
OBJECTIVE: Medication adherence among adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) is often suboptimal and this has significant impact on their health and quality of life. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of frequent home pulmonary function (PFT) monitoring on medication adherence among adolescents with CF. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that weekly home PFT monitoring will improve adherence while not significantly adding to the treatment burden. METHODS: Individuals aged 12-21 years with CF were provided a spirometer to measure PFTs weekly for 1 year...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457694/exploring-self-management-on-glycemic-control-using-a-modified-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-shanghai-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Qi Chen, Huwen Wang, Yichen Wang, Zezhou Wang, DaiJun Zhao, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: The utility and maturity of the original Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model have been verified in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. But little research has clarified whether the model has effect on glycemic control. The main purpose of this study is to modify the IMB model to explore self-management on glycemic control in T2DM patients in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method between June and August 2015 in three tertiary hospitals and four community health service centers...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457672/gambling-related-cognitive-distortions-predict-level-of-function-among-us-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-gambling-disorders
#10
Steven D Shirk, Megan M Kelly, Shane W Kraus, Marc N Potenza, Kendra Pugh, Christopher Waltrous, Edward Federman, Christopher Krebs, Charles E Drebing
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gambling Disorder (GD) is characterized by recurrent gambling behavior that is associated with significant impairment and distress, high psychiatric comorbidities, and high functional disability. The military veteran population appears particularly susceptible to developing the disorder, but relatively little has been studied among this population. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the clinical psychopathologies and comorbidities of veterans seeking treatment for problem gambling and how problem gambling may impact functioning...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457671/abstinence-and-reduced-frequency-of-use-are-associated-with-improvements-in-quality-of-life-among-treatment-seekers-with-cannabis-use-disorder
#11
Christina A Brezing, C Jean Choi, Martina Pavlicova, Daniel Brooks, Amy L Mahony, John J Mariani, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients with cannabis use disorder (CUD) do not achieve or do not have abstinence as a goal of treatment, rather they reduce their use. Assessing outcome measures as they relate to functioning and reductions in cannabis use is an important area of study. Quality of life (QoL) shows promise as one such measure. Past studies have demonstrated gender differences in QoL and CUD. We aim to assess (1) the relationship between cannabis use and QoL and (2) gender effects in an outpatient medication treatment study for CUD...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457637/rhesus-macaque-personality-dominance-behavior-and-health
#12
Lauren M Robinson, Kristine Coleman, John P Capitanio, Daniel H Gottlieb, Ian G Handel, Mark J Adams, Matthew C Leach, Natalie K Waran, Alexander Weiss
Previous studies of nonhuman primates have found relationships between health and individual differences in personality, behavior, and social status. However, despite knowing these factors are intercorrelated, many studies focus only on a single measure, for example, rank. Consequently, it is difficult to determine the degree to which these individual differences are independently associated with health. The present study sought to untangle the associations between health and these individual differences in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457585/training-nurses-in-a-competency-framework-to-support-adults-with-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disability-the-epaid-cluster-rct
#13
Howard Ring, James Howlett, Mark Pennington, Christopher Smith, Marcus Redley, Caroline Murphy, Roxanne Hook, Adam Platt, Nakita Gilbert, Elizabeth Jones, Joanna Kelly, Angela Pullen, Adrian Mander, Cam Donaldson, Simon Rowe, James Wason, Fiona Irvine
BACKGROUND: People with an intellectual (learning) disability (ID) and epilepsy have an increased seizure frequency, higher frequencies of multiple antiepileptic drug (AED) use and side effects, higher treatment costs, higher mortality rates and more behavioural problems than the rest of the population with epilepsy. The introduction of nurse-led care may lead to improvements in outcome for those with an ID and epilepsy; however, this has not been tested in a definitive clinical trial...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457499/factors-related-to-alcohol-consumption-among-japanese-physicians
#14
Noriyasu Ohida, Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Osamu Itani, Takashi Ohida
This study aimed to investigate the drinking habits of Japanese physicians, and clarify their causal factors. A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 6000 male and 1500 female physicians, selected from among members of the Japan Medical Association. We analyzed the correlation of drinking habits with age, medical department, smoking and exercise status, work environment, sleep problems, and mental health. The response rate was 79.4%. Physicians with a heavy drinking habit were most frequently men in their 60s and women in their 20s to 50s...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457487/dementia-management-strategies-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-elderly-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Lais Lopes Delfino, Ricardo Shoiti Komatsu, Caroline Komatsu, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Meire Cachioni
This study aims to investigate the association between management and communication strategies and the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms presented by elderly people with Alzheimer's disease. One hundred and thirty-four family caregivers answered a questionnaire with socio-demographic data and questions regarding the care context, the Small Communication Strategies Scale, the Dementia Management Strategy Scale, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Caregivers used the criticism management strategy more when the elderly presented hallucination, agitation, depression, anxiety, irritability, nighttime behavior, and appetite abnormalities...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457470/shared-decision-making-in-psychiatry-a-study-of-patient-attitudes
#16
Josie Nott, Aspen Mcintosh, Clare Taube, Mark Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Shared decision-making (SDM) is promoted as beneficial in mental healthcare, despite a dearth of supportive evidence. We aimed to obtain patients' perspective on SDM in a 'real world' hospital sample. METHODS: Structured validated questionnaires were used to examine SDM with regard to treatment choices, and whether SDM influences attitudes towards treatment. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess decision-making capacity. RESULTS: A total of 109 individuals participated, with 60% reporting experiencing SDM...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457468/experiences-of-racism-sexual-objectification-and-alcohol-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-of-colour
#17
Rusty Souleymanov, David J Brennan, Clemon George, Richard Utama, Andre Ceranto
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that experiences of racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with health risk behaviours among gay and bisexual men of colour. However, little is known about whether racial discrimination and sexual objectification are associated with alcohol use among this population. This community-based study examined the association between racial discrimination, sexual objectification and alcohol use in a sample of 369 gay and bisexual men of colour (Black/African/Caribbean, Latino/Latin American, South Asian, and East and Southeast Asian) in Toronto...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457466/feasibility-of-an-alzheimer-s-disease-knowledge-intervention-in-the-latino-community
#18
Jaime Perales, W Todd Moore, Cielo Fernandez, Daniel Chavez, Mariana Ramirez, David Johnson, Jason Resendez, Carolina Bueno, Eric D Vidoni
BACKGROUND: Latinos experience disparities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) knowledge. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a 45-minute culturally-tailored AD knowledge presentation for professionals serving the Latino community and Latinos served by Latino community organizations. METHODS: One-session AD knowledge lunch-and-learn events were conducted with 40 professionals and 37 served Latinos. Participants received a pre-post survey including questions on satisfaction, a subjective AD knowledge question and a 14 item objective AD knowledge questionnaire...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457435/-repair-soft-tissue-defect-in-forefoot-with-reversed-lateral-soleus-muscle-flap
#19
Gong-Lin Zhang, Ping Zhen, Ke-Ming Chen, Lai-Xu Zhao, Jun-Lin Yang, Jan-Hua Zhou, Qin-Yi Xue
OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical application results of repair soft tissue defect in forefoot with a reversed lateral soleus muscle flap on peroneal artery pedicle. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2013, 8 patients with soft-tissue defect on forefoot were underwent reconstruction with a reversed lateral soleus muscle flap on peroneal artery pedicle. There were 6 males and 2 female, aged from 16 to 48 years with an average of 26.8 years old. The reversed lateral soleus muscle flap was transposed to the forefoot defect area, then immediate coverage of the muscle flaps were performed by a meshed split-thickness free skin graft...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457362/a-multinational-observational-investigation-of-illness-perceptions-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-a-fontan-circulation
#20
Christina E Holbein, Nicholas D Fogleman, Kevin Hommel, Silke Apers, Jessica Rassart, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx, Maayke A Sluman, Junko Enomoto, Bengt Johansson, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Mikael Dellborg, Raghavan Subramanyan, Jamie L Jackson, Werner Budts, Adrienne H Kovacs, Stacey Morrison, Martha Tomlin, Kathy Gosney, Alexandra Soufi, Katrine Eriksen, Corina Thomet, Malin Berghammer, Luis Alday, Edward Callus, Susan M Fernandes, Maryanne Caruana, Samuel Menahem, Stephen C Cook, Gwen R Rempel, Kamila White, Paul Khairy, Shelby Kutty, Gruschen Veldtman
OBJECTIVE: First, to compare QOL and illness perceptions between patients with a Fontan circulation and patients with anatomically simple defects (ie, atrial septal defects [ASD] or ventricular septal defects [VSD]). Second, to explore illness perceptions as a mediator of the association between congenital heart disease (CHD) diagnosis and QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Twenty-four cardiology centers from 15 countries across five continents...
February 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
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