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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650974/resting-state-electrical-brain-activity-and-connectivity-in-fibromyalgia
#1
Sven Vanneste, Jan Ost, Tony Van Havenbergh, Dirk De Ridder
The exact mechanism underlying fibromyalgia is unknown, but increased facilitatory modulation and/or dysfunctional descending inhibitory pathway activity are posited as possible mechanisms contributing to sensitization of the central nervous system. The primary goal of this study is to identify a fibromyalgia neural circuit that can account for these abnormalities in central pain. The second goal is to gain a better understanding of the functional connectivity between the default and the executive attention network (salience network plus dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex) in fibromyalgia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649672/oxytocin-and-stress-related-disorders-neurobiological-mechanisms-and-treatment-opportunities
#2
Lauren M Sippel, Casey E Allington, Robert H Pietrzak, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Linda C Mayes, Miranda Olff
Novel pharmacotherapies that improve outcomes for individuals with stress-related psychiatric disorders are needed. The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) is a promising candidate given its influence on the social-emotional brain. In this review, we present an overview of evidence supporting OT's utility for treating major depressive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. We first discuss endogenous OT, which research suggests is not yet a reliable biomarker of stress-related disorders. Second, we review effects of intranasal (IN) OT on processes relevant to stress-related disorders in healthy populations (anhedonia, reward processing, psychosocial stress reactivity, fear/anxiety, and social behavior) and their neurobiological mechanisms (e...
February 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649489/brain-functional-connectivity-is-associated-with-visceral-sensitivity-in-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Adriane Icenhour, Suzanne T Witt, Sigrid Elsenbruch, Mats Lowén, Maria Engström, Kirsten Tillisch, Emeran A Mayer, Susanna Walter
Increased perception of visceral stimuli is a key feature of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). While altered resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) has been also reported in IBS, the relationship between visceral hypersensitivity and aberrant rsFC is unknown. We therefore assessed rsFC within the salience, sensorimotor and default mode networks in patients with and without visceral hypersensitivity and in healthy controls (HCs). An exploratory resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study was performed in 41 women with IBS and 20 HCs...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646260/salt-appetite-and-the-influence-of-opioids
#4
Craig M Smith, Andrew J Lawrence
Due to the biological importance of sodium and its relative scarcity within many natural environments, 'salt appetite' has evolved whereby dietary salt is highly sought after and palatable when tasted. In addition to peripheral responses, salt depletion is detected within the brain via circumventricular organs and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD2) neurons to increase salt appetite. Salt appetite is comprised of two main components. One component is the incentive salience or motivation for salt (i...
June 24, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642688/lower-functional-connectivity-of-the-periaqueductal-gray-is-related-to-negative-affect-and-clinical-manifestations-of-fibromyalgia
#5
Marie-Andrée Coulombe, Keith St Lawrence, Dwight E Moulin, Patricia Morley-Forster, Mahsa Shokouhi, Warren R Nielson, Karen D Davis
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is characterized by chronic widespread pain, muscle tenderness and emotional distress. Previous studies found reduced endogenous pain modulation in FM. This deficiency of pain modulation may be related to the attributes of chronic pain and other clinical symptoms experienced in patients with FM. Thus, we tested whether there is a link between the clinical symptoms of FM and functional connectivity (FC) of the periaqueductal gray (PAG), a key node of pain modulation. We acquired resting state 3T functional MRI (rsfMRI) data from 23 female patients with FM and 16 age- and sex- matched healthy controls (HC) and assessed FM symptoms with the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642079/common-and-distinct-brain-networks-underlying-panic-and-social-anxiety-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Yong-Ku Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon
Although panic disorder (PD) and phobic disorders are independent anxiety disorders with distinct sets of diagnostic criteria, there is a high level of overlap between them in terms of pathogenesis and neural underpinnings. Functional connectivity research using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) shows great potential in identifying the similarities and differences between PD and phobias. Understanding common and distinct networks between PD and phobic disorders is critical for identifying both specific and general neural characteristics of these disorders...
June 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634465/abnormal-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-corticobasal-syndrome
#7
Komal Bharti, Matteo Bologna, Neeraj Upadhyay, Maria Cristina Piattella, Antonio Suppa, Nikolaos Petsas, Costanza Giannì, Francesca Tona, Alfredo Berardelli, Patrizia Pantano
BACKGROUND: Pathological and MRI-based evidence suggests that multiple brain structures are likely to be involved in functional disconnection between brain areas. Few studies have investigated resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal syndrome (CBS). In this study, we investigated within- and between-network rsFC abnormalities in these two conditions. METHODS: Twenty patients with PSP, 11 patients with CBS, and 16 healthy subjects (HS) underwent a resting-state fMRI study...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633986/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-non-comorbid-medication-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-or-social-anxiety-disorder
#8
Youjin Zhao, Lizhou Chen, Wenjing Zhang, Yuan Xiao, Chandan Shah, Hongru Zhu, Minlan Yuan, Huaiqiang Sun, Qiang Yue, Zhiyun Jia, Wei Zhang, Weihong Kuang, Qiyong Gong, Su Lui
BACKGROUND: An overlap of clinical symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that the two disorders exhibit similar brain mechanisms. However, few studies have directly compared the brain structures of the two disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the gray matter volume (GMV) and cortical thickness alterations between non-comorbid medication-naive MDD patients and SAD patients. METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted images were acquired from 37 non-comorbid MDD patients, 24 non-comorbid SAD patients and 41 healthy controls (HCs)...
June 15, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633076/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-anterior-and-posterior-hippocampus-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Amit Lazarov, Xi Zhu, Benjamin Suarez-Jimenez, Bret R Rutherford, Yuval Neria
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with altered resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) of several brain regions within the salience (SN) and default-mode (DMN) networks, including the hippocampus. However, most rs-FC studies have not focused primarily on the hippocampus, nor have they appreciated its structural heterogeneity, despite clear evidence for a dissociation between posterior and anterior hippocampal connectivity. Here, we examine rs-FC of anterior and posterior hippocampus with key regions in the SN (amygdala, insula, and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex/pre-supplementary motor area) and DMN (ventromedial prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, and precuneus) previously implicated in PTSD, using a seed-based approach...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622027/communicating-with-sensation-seekers-an-fmri-study-of-neural-responses-to-antidrug-public-service-announcements
#10
Lewis Donohew, Michelle DiBartolo, Xun Zhu, Chelsie Benca, Elizabeth Lorch, Seth M Noar, Thomas H Kelly, Jane E Joseph
This study examined the neural basis of processing high- and low-message sensation value (MSV) antidrug public service announcements (PSAs) in high (HSS) and low sensation seekers (LSS) using fMRI. HSS more strongly engaged the salience network when processing PSAs (versus LSS), suggesting that high-MSV PSAs attracted their attention. HSS and LSS participants who engaged higher level cognitive processing regions reported that the PSAs were more convincing and believable and recalled the PSAs better immediately after testing...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620297/racial-differences-in-insular-connectivity-and-thickness-and-related-cognitive-impairment-in-hypertension
#11
Ganesh B Chand, Junjie Wu, Deqiang Qiu, Ihab Hajjar
Hypertensive African-Americans have a greater risk of cognitive impairment than hypertensive Caucasian-Americans. The neural basis of this increased risk is yet unknown. Neuroimaging investigations suggest that the normal neural activity comprises complex interactions between brain networks. Recent studies consistently demonstrate that the insula, part of the salience network, provides modulation effects (information flow) over the default-mode and central-executive networks in cognitively normal subjects, and argue that the modulation effect is declined in cognitive impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615426/modulation-of-intrinsic-resting-state-fmri-networks-in-women-with-chronic-migraine
#12
X Michelle Androulakis, Kaitlin Krebs, B Lee Peterlin, Tianming Zhang, Nasim Maleki, Souvik Sen, Chris Rorden, Priyantha Herath
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intrinsic resting functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), salience network (SN), and central executive network (CEN) network in women with chronic migraine (CM), and whether clinical features are associated with such abnormalities. METHODS: We analyzed resting-state connectivity in 29 women with CM as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Relationships between clinical characteristics and changes in targeted networks connectivity were evaluated using a multivariate linear regression model...
June 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603665/putative-brain-networks-underlying-repetitive-negative-thinking-and-comorbid-internalizing-problems-in-autism
#13
Catherine A Burrows, Kiara R Timpano, Lucina Q Uddin
Many high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) also experience depression and anxiety, yet little is known about mechanisms underlying this comorbidity. Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) about self-referential information is a transdiagnostic cognitive vulnerability factor that may account for the relationship between these two classes of symptoms. We propose a model where self-referential processing and cognitive inflexibility interact to increase risk for RNT, leading to internalizing problems in ASD...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602945/the-energy-landscape-underpinning-module-dynamics-in-the-human-brain-connectome
#14
Arian Ashourvan, Shi Gu, Marcelo G Mattar, Jean M Vettel, Danielle S Bassett
Human brain dynamics can be viewed through the lens of statistical mechanics, where neurophysiological activity evolves around and between local attractors representing mental states. Many physically-inspired models of these dynamics define brain states based on instantaneous measurements of regional activity. Yet, recent work in network neuroscience has provided evidence that the brain might also be well-characterized by time-varying states composed of locally coherent activity or functional modules. We study this network-based notion of brain state to understand how functional modules dynamically interact with one another to perform cognitive functions...
June 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598859/the-role-of-the-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-cortex-dacc-in-a-cognitive-and-emotional-counting-stroop-task-two-cases
#15
Wing Ting To, Dirk De Ridder, Tomas Menovsky, John Hart, Sven Vanneste
BACKGROUND: The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been implicated in both cognitive and emotional processing, with cognitive information proposed to be processed through the dorsal/caudal ACC and emotional information through the rostral/ventral ACC. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the role of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) in cognitive and emotional processing using a cognitive and emotional counting Stroop task in two patients in whom abnormalities in the dACC were identified and treated...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596187/functional-connectivity-in-virally-suppressed-patients-with-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-a-resting-state-analysis
#16
J R Chaganti, A Heinecke, T M Gates, K J Moffat, B J Brew
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder still occurs despite virally suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy. In the pre-combination antiretroviral era and in patients without HIV suppression, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder was caused by synaptodendritic injury resulting in impairment of neural networks, characterized by decreased attention, psychomotor slowing, and working memory deficits. Whether similar pathogenesis is true for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder in the context of viral suppression is not clear...
June 8, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594841/probabilistic-entity-relationship-diagram-a-correlation-between-functional-connectivity-and-spontaneous-brain-activity-during-resting-state-in-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Lu Zhang, Lin Shi, Bin Zhang, Lei Zhao, Yuhao Dong, Jing Liu, Zhouyang Lian, Long Liang, Wenbo Chen, Xiaoning Luo, Shufang Pei, Xiaokai Mo, Wenhui Huang, Fusheng Ouyang, Baoliang Guo, Changhong Liang, Shuixing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Alterations of functional connectivity (FC) and spontaneous brain activity (SBA) during the resting state has been observed in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD). Although there are many studies separately describing on the alterations of FC and SBA in major depressive disorder, their correlation are still have not been performed. METHODS: A literature search based on Pubmed and Embase was conducted until 20 April 2016 to identify studies evaluating the correlation for the alterations between functional connectivity and spontaneous brain activity during resting-state in MDD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594190/mnemonic-transmission-social-contagion-and-emergence-of-collective-memory-influence-of-emotional-valence-group-structure-and-information-distribution
#18
Hae-Yoon Choi, Elizabeth A Kensinger, Suparna Rajaram
Social transmission of memory and its consequence on collective memory have generated enduring interdisciplinary interest because of their widespread significance in interpersonal, sociocultural, and political arenas. We tested the influence of 3 key factors-emotional salience of information, group structure, and information distribution-on mnemonic transmission, social contagion, and collective memory. Participants individually studied emotionally salient (negative or positive) and nonemotional (neutral) picture-word pairs that were completely shared, partially shared, or unshared within participant triads, and then completed 3 consecutive recalls in 1 of 3 conditions: individual-individual-individual (control), collaborative-collaborative (identical group; insular structure)-individual, and collaborative-collaborative (reconfigured group; diverse structure)-individual...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592457/functional-network-integrity-presages-cognitive-decline-in-preclinical-alzheimer-disease
#19
Rachel F Buckley, Aaron P Schultz, Trey Hedden, Kathryn V Papp, Bernard J Hanseeuw, Gad Marshall, Jorge Sepulcre, Emily E Smith, Dorene M Rentz, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling, Jasmeer P Chhatwal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of resting-state functional connectivity MRI (rs-fcMRI) measurements of network integrity as a predictor of future cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: A total of 237 clinically normal older adults (aged 63-90 years, Clinical Dementia Rating 0) underwent baseline β-amyloid (Aβ) imaging with Pittsburgh compound B PET and structural and rs-fcMRI. We identified 7 networks for analysis, including 4 cognitive networks (default, salience, dorsal attention, and frontoparietal control) and 3 noncognitive networks (primary visual, extrastriate visual, motor)...
June 7, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588471/functional-network-connectivity-patterns-between-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-with-myoclonic-and-absence-seizures
#20
Qifu Li, Yongmin Chen, Yong Wei, Shengmei Chen, Lin Ma, Zhiyi He, Zhibin Chen
The extensive cerebral cortex and subcortical structures are considered as the major regions related to the generalized epileptiform discharges in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. However, various clinical syndromes and electroencephalogram (EEG) signs exist across generalized seizures, such as the loss of consciousness during absence seizures (AS) and the jerk of limbs during myoclonic seizures (MS). It is presumed that various functional systems affected by discharges lead to the difference in syndromes of these seizures...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
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