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Methylation of sites CpG in MCP-1 promoter

Qiang Cao, Xianfeng Wang, Lin Jia, Ashis K Mondal, Abdoulaye Diallo, Gregory A Hawkins, Swapan K Das, John S Parks, Liqing Yu, Huidong Shi, Hang Shi, Bingzhong Xue
Inflammation marks all stages of atherogenesis. DNA hypermethylation in the whole genome or specific genes is associated with inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we aimed to study whether inhibiting DNA methylation by DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) ameliorates atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout (Ldlr(-/-)) mice. Ldlr(-/-) mice were fed an atherogenic diet and adminisered saline or 5-aza-dC (0.25 mg/kg) for up to 30 weeks. 5-aza-dC treatment markedly decreased atherosclerosis development in Ldlr(-/-) mice without changes in body weight, plasma lipid profile, macrophage cholesterol levels and plaque lipid content...
December 2014: Endocrinology
Z H Liu, L L Chen, X L Deng, H J Song, Y F Liao, T S Zeng, J Zheng, H Q Li
AIM: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemokine and plays an important role in atherosclerosis of Type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the methylation status of CpG sites in the MCP-1 promoter in Type 2 diabetic patients and its correlation to serum MCP- 1 level, and blood glucose level. METHODS: The 32 patients with Type 2 diabetes and 15 healthy controls were enrolled into the study. Bodymass index, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and serum MCP-1 were measured...
June 2012: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Yoko Aoi, Ken-ichi Nakahama, Ikuo Morita, Olga Safronova
Hypoxia is a microenvironmental pathophysiologic factor commonly associated with tumors and tissue inflammation. We previously reported that hypoxia repressed IL-1β-induced monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms involved in the repression of MCP-1 expression under hypoxia. Treatment of HeLa cells with 5-aza-dC, an inhibitor of DNA methylation, abolished the repression of IL-1β-induced MCP-1 expression by hypoxia. A detailed study of the methylation of CpGs sites using bisulfite-sequencing PCR and 5-methylcytosine immunoprecipitation showed that hypoxia induced DNA methylation in both the enhancer and promoter regions of MCP-1in IL-1β-treated cells...
October 14, 2011: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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