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Methylation of sites CpG in promoter

Xue-Dong Liu, Xiao Liu, Xiu-Fen Guo, Jian-Min Luo, Ying-Hua Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of DNA methyltransferase 1 ( DNMT1 ) with hematopoietic cell phosphatase (SHP-1) gene expression and promoter 2 methylation status in cell line K562. METHODS: The promoter sequence of SHP-1 gene promoter 2 in NCBI database was analyzed, the K562 cells were transfected with the lentiviral plasmids-the specified retroviral vector psiHIV-mU6-shDNMT1 and psiHIV-mU6-mcherryFP-control. The methylation status of SHP-1 gene promoter 2 in K562 cells was detected by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) and bisulfite-modified sequencing (BSP)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Adam T McLain, Christopher Faulk
Gene promoters are evolutionarily conserved across holozoans and enriched in CpG sites, the target for DNA methylation. As animals age, the epigenetic pattern of DNA methylation degrades, with highly methylated CpG sites gradually becoming demethylated while CpG islands increase in methylation. Across vertebrates, aging is a trait that varies among species. We used this variation to determine whether promoter CpG density correlates with species' maximum lifespan. Human promoter sequences were used to identify conserved regions in 131 mammals and a subset of 28 primate genomes...
April 14, 2018: Aging
Sérgio Menezes Amaro-Filho, Cláudia Bessa Pereira Chaves, Shayany Pinto Felix, Diogo Lisbôa Basto, Liz Maria de Almeida, Miguel Angelo Martins Moreira
OBJECTIVES: To compare and describe type-specific characteristics of HPV16, HPV18 and HPV45 in cervical cancer with respect to 3'LCR methylation and disruption of E1/E2. METHODS: The methylation level of 137 cervical cancer samples (70 with HPV16, 37 with HPV18, and 30 with HPV45) of Brazilian patients was analyzed by pyrosequencing. PCR amplifications were performed to characterize E1 and E2 disruption as an episomal surrogate. RESULTS: The 3'LCR of HPV16 showed a higher methylation at all CpG sites (7%, 9%, 11%, 10% and 10%) than homologous HPV18 regions (4%, 5%...
April 9, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
Xing-Jie Bao, Shu-Qi Mao, Tian-Lun Gu, Shu-Ying Zheng, Jin-Shun Zhao, Li-Na Zhang
Essential hypertension (EH) is a multifactorial disease. Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) plays an important role in the onset of EH through cytokine-mediated systemic inflammatory responses. We aimed to determine whether the methylation status of the IFN-γ gene (IFNG) promoter is involved in the pathogenesis of EH. Six copies of CpG dinucleotides are distributed between 3,203 bp and 3,121 bp upstream from the transcription initiation site of IFNG, termed CpG1 to CpG6 in the 5'-to-3' direction. We recruited 96 patients with EH and 96 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects as controls...
April 2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Deniz Öner, Manosij Ghosh, Matthieu Moisse, Radu Corneliu Duca, Robin Coorens, Jeroen A J Vanoirbeek, Diether Lambrechts, Lode Godderis, Peter H M Hoet
Inhalation exposure to asbestos is associated with lung and pleural diseases in humans and remains a major public health issue worldwide. Human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE) were exposed to UICC amosite, crocidolite and chrysotile. Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, global DNA methylation on cytosine residues (using LC-MS/MS) were investigated at different doses (2.5-100 μg/ml). Gene-specific DNA methylation alterations at the whole genome were investigated using a microarray that interrogates >450 thousand CpG sites...
April 4, 2018: Environment International
Fan Wu, Jintao Wang, Jianming Sun, Liman Shen, Meijuan Liu, Erjun Zhao
The present study aimed to investigate whether procaine may upregulate the expression of aquaporin‑5 (AQP5) in human salivary gland ductal cells and the underlying mechanisms of this upregulation. Immortalized normal human salivary gland ductal cells (NS‑SV‑DC), lacking AQP5 protein expression, were used to measure the glandular secretion rate following treatment with procaine, and the protein expression levels of AQP5 in NS‑SV‑DC cells were measured by western blotting. In order to investigate the mechanism of procaine action on AQP5 protein expression, the protein expression and activity of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT)1, and the CpG methylation of AQP5, were investigated further...
March 29, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Lei Cao, Shiyan Wang, Yanquan Zhang, Ka-Chun Wong, Geicho Nakatsu, Xiaohong Wang, Sunny Wong, Jiafu Ji, Jun Yu
Zinc-finger protein 471 (ZNF471) was preferentially methylated in gastric cancer using promoter methylation array. The role of ZNF471 in human cancer is unclear. Here we elucidated the functional significance, molecular mechanisms and clinical impact of ZNF471 in gastric cancer. ZNF471 mRNA was silenced in 15 out of 16 gastric cancer cell lines due to promoter hypermethylation. Significantly higher ZNF471 promoter methylation was also observed in primary gastric cancers compared to their adjacent normal tissues (P < 0...
April 3, 2018: Oncogene
Shilpa Pathak, James Miller, Emily C Morris, William C L Stewart, David A Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common adolescent-onset genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) syndrome. Multiple linkage and association studies have found that BRD2 influences the expression of JME. The BRD2-JME connection is further corroborated by our murine model; Brd2 haploinsufficiency produces characteristics that typify the clinical hallmarks of JME. Neither we, nor several large-scale studies of JME, found JME-related BRD2 coding mutations. Therefore, we investigated noncoding BRD2 regions, seeking the origin of BRD2's JME influence...
April 2, 2018: Epilepsia
Alfredo Pauciullo, Danlami Moses Ogah, Marco Iannaccone, Georg Erhardt, Liliana Di Stasio, Gianfranco Cosenza
Oxytocin is a neurohypophysial peptide linked to a wide range of biological functions, including milk ejection, temperament and reproduction. Aims of the present study were a) the characterization of the OXT (Oxytocin-neurophysin I) gene and its regulatory regions in Old and New world camelids; b) the investigation of the genetic diversity and the discovery of markers potentially affecting the gene regulation. On average, the gene extends over 814 bp, ranging between 825 bp in dromedary, 811 bp in Bactrian and 810 bp in llama and alpaca...
2018: PloS One
Suhn Kyong Rhie, Shannon Schreiner, Peggy J Farnham
NOMe-seq (nucleosome occupancy and methylome sequencing) identifies nucleosome-depleted regions that correspond to promoters, enhancers, and insulators. The NOMe-seq method is based on the treatment of chromatin with the M.CviPI methyltransferase, which methylates GpC dinucleotides that are not protected by nucleosomes or other proteins that are tightly bound to the chromatin (GpCm does not occur in the human genome and therefore there is no endogenous background of GpCm ). Following bisulfite treatment of the M...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Diana M Ciuculete, Adrian E Boström, Anna-Kaisa Tuunainen, Farah Sohrabi, Lara Kular, Maja Jagodic, Sarah Voisin, Jessica Mwinyi, Helgi B Schiöth
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is highly prevalent among adolescents. An early detection of individuals at risk may prevent later psychiatric condition. Genome-wide studies investigating single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) concluded that a focus on epigenetic mechanisms, which mediate the impact of environmental factors, could more efficiently help the understanding of GAD pathogenesis. We investigated the relationship between epigenetic shifts in blood and the risk to develop GAD, evaluated by the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) score, in 221 otherwise healthy adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Yuqing Yang, Irene Yang, Mingnan Cao, Zheng-Yuan Su, Renyi Wu, Yue Guo, Mingzhu Fang, Ah-Ng Kong
Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2 or NFE2L2) is a master regulator of the anti-oxidative stress response, which is involved in the defense against many oxidative stress/inflammation-mediated diseases, including anticancer effects elicited by an increasing number of natural products. Our previous studies showed that the epigenetic modification of the Nrf2 gene plays a key role in restoring the expression of Nrf2. In this study, we aimed to investigate the epigenetic regulation of Nrf2 by astaxanthin (AST) and fucoxanthin (FX), carotenoids which are abundant in microalgae and seaweeds, in mouse skin epidermal JB6 P+ cells...
February 20, 2018: AAPS Journal
Maarten Caspers, Sara Blocquiaux, Ruben Charlier, Sara Knaeps, Johan Lefevre, Katrien De Bock, Martine Thomis
The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate how sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) influence DNA methylation at a global, gene-specific, and health-related pathway level. SB, light PA (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) were assessed objectively for 41 Flemish men using the SenseWear Pro 3 Armband. CpG site-specific methylation in leukocytes was determined using the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip. Correlations were calculated between time spent on the three PA intensity levels and global DNA methylation, using a z-score-based method to determine global DNA methylation levels...
April 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Feng Li, Zhou-Ya Xue, Yuan Yuan, Sai-Sai Huang, Yi-Hui Fan, Xiang Zhu, Lei Wei
AIM AND METHODS: Chronic pain associated with inflammation is a common clinical problem, and the underlying mechanisms yet are incompletely defined. DNA methylation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic pain. However, the specific genes regulated by DNA methylation under inflammatory pain condition remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated how chemokine receptor CXCR4 expression is regulated by DNA methylation and how it contributes to inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in rats...
March 25, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Elisha M Wachman, Marie J Hayes, Hira Shrestha, Fnu Nikita, Angela Nolin, Leonie Hoyo, Katrina Daigle, Hendrée E Jones, David A Nielsen
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) due to in-utero opioid exposure has significant variability of severity. Preliminary studies have suggested that epigenetic variation within the μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) gene impacts NAS. We aimed to determine if DNA methylation in OPRM1 within opioid-exposed mother-infant dyads is associated with differences in NAS severity in an independent cohort. Full-term opioid-exposed newborns and their mothers (N=68 pairs) were studied. A DNA sample was obtained and then assessed for level of DNA methylation at 20 CpG sites within the OPRM1 promoter region by next-generation sequencing...
March 25, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Wei Guo, Ping Lv, Shengnan Liu, Fenglou Xu, Yanli Guo, Supeng Shen, Jia Liang, Gang Kuang, Zhiming Dong
As a long non-coding RNA, C5orf66-AS1 is located at 5q31.1. Downregulation and aberrant hypermethylation of C5orf66-AS1 have been detected in a limited several tumors. However, the biological role and distribution of methylated CpG sites of C5orf66-AS1 in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) development and prognosis are poorly clarified. The present study was to investigate the expression status and function of C5orf66-AS1 in GCA, and to detect the distribution of methylated CpG sites within the three CpG islands of the promoter and gene body of C5orf66-AS1, further to clarify its prognostic value in GCA patients...
March 22, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Jiawei Xu, Teng Wang, Zhiyang Su, Xinyao Zhou, Yuqian Xiang, Lin He, Candong Li, Zhaoyang Yang, Xinzhi Zhao
The μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) plays an important role in opiate addiction. The OPRM1 gene promoter showed hypermethylation in lymphocytes of opiate addicts as well as opioid medications users, while the methylation status displayed ethnic diversity. The purpose of the study was to investigate the methylation pattern of OPRM1 promoter in the Han Chinese population. We analyzed 22 CpG sites located in OPRM1 promoter in 186 former opiate addicts (94 males and 92 females) and 184 healthy controls (102 males and 82 females)...
March 21, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
D Hernandez-Cortes, I Alvarado-Cruz, M J Solís-Heredia, B Quintanilla-Vega
Methyl parathion (Me-Pa) is an oxidizing organophosphate (OP) pesticide that generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) through its biotransformation. Some studies have also suggested that OP pesticides have the capacity to alkylate biomolecules, including DNA. In general, DNA methylation in gene promoters represses transcription. NRF2 is a key transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant, metabolic and detoxifying genes through the antioxidant response element (ARE) situated in promoters of regulated genes...
March 11, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Emi Morita, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Hidemi Hashimoto, Emi Haga, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's disease (HD) are different pathological types of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). However, the epigenetic differences between these diseases have not been elucidated. DNA methylation is one of the primary epigenetic modifications that reflect environmental influences on gene expression. In this study, we evaluated the methylation status of six CpG sites in the TNFA promoter using pyrosequencing and analyzed the data in combination with functional polymorphisms (-1031 T/C and +123 C/T) in the TNFA gene to clarify the role of gene methylation on the prognosis of AITDs...
March 11, 2018: Autoimmunity
Linbo Gao, David Cheng, Jie Yang, Renyi Wu, Wenji Li, Ah-Ng Kong
Increasing evidence suggests that epigenetic aberrations contribute to the development and progression of cancers such as lung cancer. The promoter region of miR-9-3 was recently found to be hypermethylated in lung cancer, resulting in down-regulation of miR-9-3 and poor patient prognosis. Sulforaphane (SFN), a natural compound that is obtained from cruciferous vegetables, has potent anticancer activities. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of SFN on restoring the miR-9-3 level in lung cancer A549 cells through epigenetic regulation...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
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