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Photodynamic therapy immunotherapy

Guangxu Lan, Kaiyuan Ni, Ziwan Xu, Samuel S Veroneau, Yang Song, Wenbin Lin
Immunotherapy has become a promising cancer therapy, but only works for a subset of cancer patients. Immunogenic photodynamic therapy (PDT) can prime cancer immunotherapy to increase the response rates, but its efficacy is severely limited by tumor hypoxia. Here we report a nanoscale metal-organic framework, Fe-TBP, as a novel nanophotosensitizer to overcome tumor hypoxia and sensitize effective PDT, priming non-inflamed tumors for cancer immunotherapy. Fe-TBP was built from iron clusters and porphyrin ligands and sensitized PDT under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jin-Yue Zeng, Mei-Zhen Zou, Mingkang Zhang, Xiao-Shuang Wang, Xuan Zeng, Hengjiang Cong, Xian-Zheng Zhang
We report on the benzoporphyrin-based metal-organic framework (TBP-MOF), with 10-connected Zr6 cluster and much improved photophysical properties over the traditional porphyrin-based MOFs. It was found that TBP-MOF exhibited red-shifted absorption bands and strong near-infrared luminescence for bioimaging, whereas the π-extended benzoporphyrin-based linkers of TBP-MOF facilitated 1O2 generation to enhance O2-dependent photodynamic therapy (PDT). It was demonstrated that poly(ethylene glycol)-modified nanoscale TBP-MOF (TBP-nMOF) can be used as an effective PDT agent under hypoxic tumor microenvironment...
March 27, 2018: ACS Nano
Qianyu Zhang, Cuixia Bao, Xiaojun Cai, Longwei Jin, Lingling Sun, Yuehong Lang, Libo Li
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT), which is based on photodynamic therapy (PDT), is a new cancer treatment modality. Unlike PDT, which has poor tissue penetration, ultrasound can penetrate deeply into tissues and largely target tumor tissue to mediate the cytotoxicity of sonosensitizers. We hypothesize that, similar to PDT, SDT may perform effectively as a cancer vaccines. Thus, we developed a therapeutic strategy to explore whether SDT can eliminate primary tumors, inhibit metastases, and prevent tumor relapse. In this study, we found that HiPorfin (HPD)-induced SDT killed tumor cells, promoted calreticulin expression on the cell surface and elicited immune responses...
March 25, 2018: Cancer Science
Guangbao Yang, Ligeng Xu, Jun Xu, Rui Zhang, Guosheng Song, Yu Chao, Liangzhu Feng, Fengxuan Han, Ziliang Dong, Bin Li, Zhuang Liu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an oxygen-dependent light-triggered non-invasive therapeutic method showing many promising aspects in cancer treatment. For effective PDT, nanoscale carriers are often needed to realize tumor-targeted delivery of photosensitizers, which ideally should further target specific cell organelles that are most vulnerable to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Secondly, as oxygen is critical for PDT-induced cancer destruction, overcoming hypoxia existing in majority of solid tumors is important for optimizing PDT efficacy...
March 22, 2018: Nano Letters
Pietro Bertoglio, Vittorio Aprile, Marcello Carlo Ambrogi, Alfredo Mussi, Marco Lucchi
Surgery is one of the steps of multimodality approach for the treatment of MPM. Due to anatomical features, microscopically radical (R0) resection is never possible and a Macroscopic Complete Resection (R1) is considered the target for mesothelioma surgeons. Recently, intracavitary therapies have been described with the aim of extending the loco-regional effect of surgery. Different agents might be administered intrapleurally: chemotherapy drugs are the most widely used, but also photodynamic therapy (PDT) showed to lead to satisfactory long-term outcomes; furthermore, immunotherapies and gene therapies have been also reported...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Bengang Xing, Xiangzhao Ai, Ming Hu, Zhimin Wang, Linna Lyu, Wenmin Zhang, Jun Lin, Juan Li, Huang-Hao Yang
Near-infrared (NIR) light-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) especially based on lanthanide-doped upconversion nanocrystals (UCNs), have been extensively investigated as a promising strategy for effective cellular ablation owing to their unique optical properties to convert NIR light excitation into multiple short-wavelength emissions. Despite the deep tissue penetration of NIR light in living systems, the therapeutic efficiency is greatly restricted by insufficient oxygen supply in hypoxic tumor microenvironment...
February 21, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Barbara Montico, Annunziata Nigro, Vincenzo Casolaro, Jessica Dal Col
Immunogenic apoptosis, or more appropriately called immunogenic cell death (ICD), is a recently described form of apoptosis induced by a specific set of chemotherapeutic drugs or by physical therapeutic modalities, such as ionizing irradiation and photodynamic therapy. The peculiar characteristic of ICD is the ability to favor recognition and elimination of dying tumor cells by phagocytes in association with the release of pro-inflammatory molecules (such as cytokines and high-mobility group box-1). While in vitro and animal models pointed to ICD as one of the molecular mechanisms mediating the clinical efficacy of some anticancer agents, it is hard to clearly demonstrate its contribution in cancer patients...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Wen Song, Jing Kuang, Chu-Xin Li, Mingkang Zhang, Diwei Zheng, Xuan Zeng, Chuanjun Liu, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Metastasis and recurrence are two unavoidable and intractable problems in cancer therapy, despite of various robust therapeutic approaches. Currently, it seems that immunotherapy is an effective approach to solve the problems, but the high heterogeneity of tumor tissue, inefficient presentation of tumor antigen and deficient targeting ability of therapy usually blunt the efficacy of immunotherapy and hinder its clinical application. Herein, an approach based on combining photodynamic and immunological therapy was designed and developed...
February 8, 2018: ACS Nano
Steen J Madsen, Catherine Christie, Khoi Huynh, Qian Peng, Francisco A Uzal, Tatiana B Krasieva, Henry Hirschberg
Immunotherapy of brain tumors involves the stimulation of an antitumor immune response. This type of therapy can be targeted specifically to tumor cells thus sparing surrounding normal brain. Due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier, the brain is relatively isolated from the systemic circulation and, as such, the initiation of significant immune responses is more limited than other types of cancers. The purpose of this study was to show that the efficacy of tumor primed antigen presenting macrophage (MaF98) vaccines can be increased by: (1) photodynamic therapy (PDT) of the priming tumor cells and (2) intracranial injection of allogeneic glioma cells directly into the tumor site...
February 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Chunhui Wu, Lianhui Wang, Yuan Tian, Xiaotian Guan, Qiuyue Liu, Shun Li, Xiang Qin, Hong Yang, Yi Yao Liu
Nanomedicine-based combination therapy has sparked a growing interest in clinical disease treatment and pharmaceutical industry. In this report, a mitochondria-targeted and near-infrared (NIR) light activable multitasking nanographene (i. e. GT/IR820/DP-CpG) had been engineered to in-situ trigger highly efficient 'triple-punch' strategy of cancer photodynamic therapy, photothermal therapy and immunotherapy. Modification of triphenylphosphonium on graphene made the vehicle specifically guide the NIR dye IR820 home to mitochondria followed by lysosomes escape in a time-dependent manner...
February 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Madiha Saeed, Wenzhi Ren, Aiguo Wu
Nanotechnology has introduced new techniques and phototherapy approaches to fabricate and utilize nanoparticles for cancer therapy. These phototherapy approaches, such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), hold great promise to overcome the limitations of traditional treatment methods. In phototherapy, magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are of paramount importance due to their wide range of biomedical applications. This review discusses the basic concepts, various therapy approaches (PTT, PDT, magnetic hyperthermia therapy (MHT), chemotherapy and immunotherapy), intrinsic properties, and mechanisms of cell death of IONPs; it also provides a brief overview of recent developments in IONPs, with focus on their therapeutic applications...
March 26, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Thomas A Burley, Justyna Mączyńska, Anant Shah, Wojciech Szopa, Kevin J Harrington, Jessica K R Boult, Anna Mrozek-Wilczkiewicz, Maria Vinci, Jeffrey C Bamber, Wojciech Kaspera, Gabriela Kramer-Marek
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are high-grade brain tumors, differentially driven by alterations (amplification, deletion or missense mutations) in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), that carry a poor prognosis of just 12-15 months following standard therapy. A combination of interventions targeting tumor-specific cell surface regulators along with convergent downstream signaling pathways may enhance treatment efficacy. Against this background, we investigated a novel photoimmunotherapy approach combining the cytotoxicity of photodynamic therapy with the specificity of immunotherapy...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Xiuying Li
Immunotherapy is a promising treatment modality that acts by selectively harnessing the host immune defenses against cancer. An effective immune response is often needed to eliminate tumors following treatment which can trigger the immunogenicity of dying tumor cells. Some treatment modalities (such as photodynamic therapy, high hydrostatic pressure or radiotherapy) and agents (some chemotherapeutic agents, oncolytic viruses) have been used to endow tumor cells with immunogenicity and/or increase their immunogenicity...
September 18, 2017: Tumori
Denis Gümbel, Sander Bekeschus, Nadine Gelbrich, Matthias Napp, Axel Ekkernkamp, Axel Kramer, Matthias B Stope
Human osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor occurring most commonly in adolescents and young adults. Major improvements in disease-free survival have been achieved by implementing a combination therapy consisting of radical surgical resection of the tumor and systemic multi-agent chemotherapy. However, long-term survival remains poor, so novel targeted therapies to improve outcomes for patients with osteosarcoma remains an area of active research. This includes immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy, or treatment with nanoparticles...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Nuli Xie, Shiyuan Liu, Xiaohai Yang, Xiaoxiao He, Jin Huang, Kemin Wang
With the rapid development of DNA nanotechnology, various DNA nanostructures with different shapes and sizes have been self-assembled using "bottom-up" fabrication strategies and applied to a wide range of fields such as biosensors, drug delivery and tools for molecular biology. As a classical and simple polyhedron, DNA tetrahedron can be easily synthesised by a one-step assembly. Due to the excellent biocompatibility and cellular permeability, it provides a universal and promising platform to construct a series of biosensors and drug delivery systems for living cells studies...
August 24, 2017: Analyst
Petr Arenberger, Jiří Ettler
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) also known as basalioma or basal cell cancer, is the most common skin cancer. BCC has a very low metastatic risk. This tumor can cause significant disfigurement by invading surrounding tissues. It occurs mainly in fair-skinned patients with a family history of this cancer. Sunlight is a factor in about two-thirds of these cancers. Standard surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Mohs micrographic surgery is an outpatient or inpatient procedure in which the tumor is surgically excised and then immediately examined under a microscope...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Angelika Muchowicz, Malgorzata Wachowska, Joanna Stachura, Katarzyna Tonecka, Magdalena Gabrysiak, Dominika Wołosz, Zofia Pilch, Witold W Kilarski, Louis Boon, Tomasz J Klaus, Jakub Golab
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to destroy tumour-associated lymphatic vessels. Therefore, we sought to investigate the functional outcomes of PDT-mediated damage to the lymphatic vessels. We observed that PDT with verteporfin, completely but transiently, blocks the functional lymphatic drainage in the orthotopic mammary tumour models. Sustained inhibition of lymphatic vessels regeneration induced by lenalidomide or the soluble form of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (sVEGFR3) that neutralises lymphangiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), significantly impaired antitumour efficacy of PDT...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer
Anne Showalter, Arati Limaye, Jeremiah L Oyer, Robert Igarashi, Christina Kittipatarin, Alicja J Copik, Annette R Khaled
Despite advances in treatments like chemotherapy and radiotherapy, metastatic cancer remains a leading cause of death for cancer patients. While many chemotherapeutic agents can efficiently eliminate cancer cells, long-term protection against cancer is not achieved and many patients experience cancer recurrence. Mobilizing and stimulating the immune system against tumor cells is one of the most effective ways to protect against cancers that recur and/or metastasize. Activated tumor specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) can seek out and destroy metastatic tumor cells and reduce tumor lesions...
September 2017: Cytokine
Thomas Martini, Felix Wezel, Niklas Löbig, Michael J Mitterberger, Daniela Colleselli
Background Adjuvant Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) intravesical instillation is the recommended standard treatment in patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). However, a significant proportion of patients fail treatment, and radical cystectomy (RC) is the subsequent gold standard. On the other hand, there is an unmet need for conservative alternatives for patients who are unfit or unwilling to undergo surgery. This study aimed to identify conservative treatment options in NMIBC patients after BCG failure...
August 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
Anshika Bakshi, Sandeep C Chaudhary, Mehtab Rana, Craig A Elmets, Mohammad Athar
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin is driven by aberrant hedgehog signaling. Thus blocking this signaling pathway by small molecules such as vismodegib inhibits tumor growth. Primary cilium in the epidermal cells plays an integral role in the processing of hedgehog signaling-related proteins. Recent genomic studies point to the involvement of additional genetic mutations that might be associated with the development of BCCs, suggesting significance of other signaling pathways, such as WNT, NOTCH, mTOR, and Hippo, aside from hedgehog in the pathogenesis of this human neoplasm...
December 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
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