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Green tea and cancer

Ilaria Peluso, Mauro Serafini
Consumption of Tea (Camellia Sinensis) has been correlated with low incidence of chronic pathologies, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancers, in which oxidative stress is deeply involved. Tea catechins and theaflavins are, respectively, the bioactive phytochemicals responsible for the antioxidant activity of Green Tea (GT) and Black Tea (BT). Apart from the redox properties, tea catechins and theaflavins could have also pharmacological activities, such as lowering effects on glucose, lipid and uric acid (UA)...
October 16, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Huaping Li, Na Jiang, Qing Liu, Aili Gao, Xin Zhou, Bihua Liang, Runxiang Li, Zhenjie Li, Huilan Zhu
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes skin injury and inflammation resulting in impaired immune response and increased risk of skin cancer. It has been shown that green tea polyphenols (GTPs) enhanced intracellular antioxidant defense and promoted the downregulation of proapoptotic genes, and they could be used to protect against the damage induced by UV irradiation. However, the high instability and poor bioavailability of GTPs impose restrictions on their potential pharmacological use. Here we show that carboxymethyl cellulose sodium (CMC-Na) had a stabilizing effect on GTPs under aqueous conditions and topical application of GTPs (emulsified in CMC-Na) had a strong photoprotective effect against acute UVB induced photodamage in uncovered (Uncv) hairless mice skin...
October 5, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Tandeka Magcwebeba, Pieter Swart, Sonja Swanevelder, Elizabeth Joubert, Wentzel Gelderblom
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation is one of the major predisposing risk factors of skin cancer. The anticancer and photoprotective effects of unoxidized rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and honeybush (Cyclopia) herbal teas, containing high levels of dihydrochalones and xanthones, respectively, have been demonstrated in skin cancer models in vivo. In the current study, the anti-inflammatory effects of methanol and aqueous extracts of these herbal teas were investigated in a UVB/HaCaT keratinocyte model with intracellular interleukin-1α (icIL-1α) accumulation as a biomarker...
October 2, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xing Liu, Yongyi Bi
BACKGROUND The study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of (1R,4r)-4-((R)-1-aminoethyl)-N-(pyridin-4-yl) cyclohexanecarboxamide (Y-27632) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the proliferation and migration of PANC-1 cells. EGCG, found in green tea, has been previously shown to be one of the most abundant and powerful catechins in cancer prevention and treatment. Y-27632, a selective inhibitor of rho-associated protein kinase 1, is widely used in treating cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and cancer...
October 3, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Takuji Suzuki, Monira Pervin, Shingo Goto, Mamoru Isemura, Yoriyuki Nakamura
Green tea has been shown to have beneficial effects against cancer, obesity, atherosclerosis, diabetes, bacterial and viral infections, and dental caries. The catechin (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has shown the highest biological activity among green tea catechins (GTCs) in most of the studies. While several epidemiological studies have shown the beneficial effects of tea and GTCs on obesity, some studies have failed to do this. In addition, a large number of interventional clinical studies have shown these favorable effects, and cellular and animal experiments have supported those findings, and revealed the underlying anti-obesity mechanisms...
September 29, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jaganmay Sarkar, Suman Kumar Nandy, Animesh Chowdhury, Tapati Chakraborti, Sajal Chakraborti
Green tea polyphenolic catechins have been shown to prevent various types of diseases such as pulmonary hypertension (PAH), cancer and cardiac and neurological disorders. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the development of PAH. The present study demonstrated that among the four green tea catechins (EGCG, ECG, EC and EGC), EGCG and ECG inhibit pro-/active MMP-9 activities in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell culture supernatant. Based on the above, we investigated the interactions of pro-/active MMP-9 with the green tea catechins by computational methods...
September 23, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Preetham Elumalai, Sreeja Lakshmi
Neurodegenerative disorders are often life threatening and hired as an economic burden to the health-care system. Nutritional interventions principally involving polyphenols were practiced to arrest or reverse the age-related health disorders. Flavonoids, a class of dietary polyphenols, are rising to superstardom in preventing brain disorders with their potent antioxidant defense mechanism. Quercetin is a ubiquitous flavonoid reported to have all-natural myriad of health benefits. Citrus fruits, apple, onion, parsley, berries, green tea, and red wine comprise the major dietary supplements of quercetin apart from some herbal remedies like Ginkgo biloba...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
Zhenzhen Zhang, Mark Garzotto, Tomasz M Beer, Philippe Thuillier, Stephen Lieberman, Motomi Mori, Wesley A Stoller, Paige E Farris, Jackilen Shannon
Animal and human studies suggest fish oil and green tea may have protective effect on prostate cancer. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been hypothesized to be linked to chemoprotective effects of both compounds. This study evaluated the independent and joint effects of fish oil (FO) and green tea supplement (epigallocatechin-3-gallate, EGCG) on FAS and Ki-67 levels in prostate tissue. Through a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial with 2 × 2 factorial design, 89 men scheduled for repeat prostate biopsy following an initial negative prostate biopsy were randomized into either FO alone (1...
September 20, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Ren-You Gan, Hua-Bin Li, Zhong-Quan Sui, Harold Corke
Green tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world, especially in Asian countries. Consumption of green tea has been demonstrated to possess many health benefits, which mainly attributed to the main bioactive compound epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a flavone-3-ol polyphenol, in green tea. EGCG is mainly absorbed in the intestine, and gut microbiota play a critical role in its metabolism prior to absorption. EGCG exhibits versatile bioactivities, with its anti-cancer effect most attracting due to the cancer preventive effect of green tea consumption, and a great number of studies intensively investigated its anti-cancer effect...
September 19, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Tomokazu Ohishi, Shingo Goto, Pervin Monira, Mamoru Isemura, Yoriyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Green tea has been shown to have beneficial effects against a variety of diseases such as cancer, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegenerative diseases. Through cellular, animal, and human experiments, green tea and its major component, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) have been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory effects. Our previous findings have indicated that green tea and EGCG suppress the gene and/or protein expression of inflammatory cytokines and inflammation-related enzymes...
September 15, 2016: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Aleksandra Niedzwiecki, Mohd Waheed Roomi, Tatiana Kalinovsky, Matthias Rath
Polyphenols, found abundantly in plants, display many anticarcinogenic properties including their inhibitory effects on cancer cell proliferation, tumor growth, angiogenesis, metastasis, and inflammation as well as inducing apoptosis. In addition, they can modulate immune system response and protect normal cells against free radicals damage. Most investigations on anticancer mechanisms of polyphenols were conducted with individual compounds. However, several studies, including ours, have indicated that anti-cancer efficacy and scope of action can be further enhanced by combining them synergistically with chemically similar or different compounds...
2016: Nutrients
Sung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hong Moon, Sang-Youel Park
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a major polyphenol in green tea. Recent studies have reported that EGCG can inhibit TRAIL-induced apoptosis and activate autophagic flux in cancer cells. However, the mechanism behind these processes is unclear. The present study found that EGCG prevents tumor cell death by antagonizing the TRAIL pathway and activating autophagy flux. Our results indicate that EGCG dose-dependently inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis and decreases the binding of death receptor 4 and 5 (DR4 and 5) to TRAIL...
August 25, 2016: Oncotarget
Bingwu Liao, Hao Ying, Chenhuan Yu, Zhaoyang Fan, Weihua Zhang, John Shi, Huazhong Ying, Nagaiya Ravichandran, Yongquan Xu, Junfeng Yin, Yongwen Jiang, Qizhen Du
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), a versatile natural product in fresh tea leaves and green tea, has been investigated as a preventative treatment for cancers and cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to develop EGCG-nanoethosomes for transdermal delivery and to evaluate them for treating subcutaneously implanted human melanoma cell tumors. EGCG-nanoethosomes, composed of 0.2% EGCG, 2% soybean phosphatidylcholine, 30% ethanol, 1% Tween-80 and 0.1% sugar esters, were prepared and characterized using laser transmission electron microscopy...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Corri B Levine, Julie Bayle, Vincent Biourge, Joseph J Wakshlag
BACKGROUND: Adjunctive use of nutraceuticals in human cancer has shown promise, but little work has been done in canine neoplasia. Previous human research has shown that polyphenols and carotenoids can target multiple pathways in vitro and in vivo. These compounds could synergize or antagonize with currently used chemotherapies, either increasing or decreasing the effectiveness of these drugs. Considering the routine and well controlled feeding practices of most dogs, the use of nutraceuticals incorporated into pet food is attractive, pending proof that the extracts are able to improve remission rates...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Yuanyuan Li, Phillip Buckhaults, Xiangqin Cui, Trygve O Tollefsbol
AIM: Aberrant epigenetic events are important contributors to the pathogenesis of different types of cancers and dietary botanicals with epigenetic properties can influence early cancer development leading to cancer prevention effects. We sought to investigate potential combinatorial effects of bioactive dietary components including green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and broccoli sprouts (BSp) on neutralizing epigenetic aberrations during breast tumorigenesis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The combinatorial effects were evaluated in a breast cancer transformation cellular system and breast cancer mouse xenografts...
August 2016: Epigenomics
Elena Vigorito, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Jonathan Beesley, Julian Adlard, Bjarni A Agnarsson, Irene L Andrulis, Banu K Arun, Laure Barjhoux, Muriel Belotti, Javier Benitez, Andreas Berger, Anders Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Carole Brewer, Trinidad Caldes, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Salina B Chan, Kathleen B M Claes, David E Cohn, Jackie Cook, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Rosemarie Davidson, Antoine de Pauw, Capucine Delnatte, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Martine Dumont, Katarzyna Durda, Bernd Dworniczak, Douglas F Easton, Diana Eccles, Christina Edwinsdotter Ardnor, Ros Eeles, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, D Gareth Evans, Lidia Feliubadalo, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Pragna Gaddam, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Sophie Giraud, Andrew K Godwin, David E Goldgar, Christopher R Hake, Thomas V O Hansen, Sue Healey, Shirley Hodgson, Frans B L Hogervorst, Claude Houdayer, Peter J Hulick, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Louise Izatt, Angel Izquierdo, Lauren Jacobs, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Joseph Vijai, Beth Y Karlan, Karin Kast, KConFab Investigators, Sofia Khan, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Annelie Liljegren, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Siranoush Manoukian, Sylvie Mazoyer, Alfons Meindl, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Marco Montagna, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Dieter Niederacher, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Kai-Ren Ong, Ana Osorio, Sue Kyung Park, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Inge Sokilde Pedersen, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Marion Piedmonte, Bruce Poppe, Miquel Angel Pujana, Paolo Radice, Gad Rennert, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Matti A Rookus, Eric A Ross, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Thomas P Slavin, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Christian Sutter, Csilla I Szabo, Muy-Kheng Tea, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Silvia Tognazzo, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Athanassios Vratimos, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Lesley McGuffog, Judy Kirk, Amanda Ewart Toland, Ute Hamann, Noralane Lindor, Susan J Ramus, Mark H Greene, Fergus J Couch, Kenneth Offit, Paul D P Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou
Population-based genome wide association studies have identified a locus at 9p22.2 associated with ovarian cancer risk, which also modifies ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. We conducted fine-scale mapping at 9p22.2 to identify potential causal variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Genotype data were available for 15,252 (2,462 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA1 and 8,211 (631 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA2 mutation carriers. Following genotype imputation, ovarian cancer associations were assessed for 4,873 and 5,020 SNPs in BRCA1 and BRCA 2 mutation carriers respectively, within a retrospective cohort analytical framework...
2016: PloS One
Hong Zhou, Joseph Manthey, Ekaterina Lioutikova, William Yang, Kenji Yoshigoe, Mary Qu Yang, Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been demonstrated to inhibit cancer in experimental studies through its antioxidant activity and modulations on cellular functions by binding specific proteins. By means of computational analysis and functional genomic approaches, we previously identified a set of protein coding genes and microRNAs whose expressions were significantly modulated in response to the EGCG treatment in tobacco carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma in A/J mice...
2016: Human Genomics
Longzhu Piao, Sumit Mukherjee, Qing Chang, Xiujie Xie, Hong Li, Mario R Castellanos, Probal Banerjee, Hassan Iqbal, Ryan Ivancic, Xueqian Wang, Theodoros N Teknos, Quintin Pan
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide with about 600,000 new cases diagnosed in the last year. The incidence of human papillomavirus-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HPV-positive HNSCC) has rapidly increased over the past 30 years prompting the suggestion that an epidemic may be on the horizon. Therefore, there is a clinical need to develop alternate therapeutic strategies to manage the growing number of HPV-positive HNSCC patients. TriCurin is a composition of three food-derived polyphenols in unique stoichiometric proportions consisting of curcumin from the spice turmeric, resveratrol from red grapes, and epicatechin gallate from green tea...
July 16, 2016: Oncotarget
Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Samira Hassan, Miles Tweed, Daniel Paris, Gogce Crynen, Zuchra Zakirova, Stefan Crynen, Fiona Crawford
Context • Telomeres are repeated deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences (TTAGGG) that are located on the 5' ends of chromosomes, and they control the life span of eukaryotic cells. Compelling evidence has shown that the length of a person's life is dictated by the limited number of times that a human cell can divide. The enzyme telomerase has been shown to bind to and extend the length of telomeres. Thus, strategies for activating telomerase may help maintain telomere length and, thus, may lead to improved health during aging...
June 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Sandaly O S Pacheco, Fabio J Pacheco, Gimena M J Zapata, Julieta M E Garcia, Carlos A Previale, Héctor E Cura, Winston J Craig
Cancer is the second most important non-communicable disease worldwide and disproportionately impacts low- to middle-income countries. Diet in combination with other lifestyle habits seems to modify the risk for some cancers but little is known about South Americans. Food habits of Argentinean men pre- and post-diagnosis of prostate cancer (n = 326) were assessed along with other lifestyle factors. We studied whether any of the behaviors and risk factors for prostate cancer were found in men with other cancers (n = 394), compared with control subjects (n = 629)...
2016: Nutrients
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