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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161306/comparison-of-methods-for-determining-the-effectiveness-of-antibacterial-functionalized-textiles
#1
Hajo Haase, Lisa Jordan, Laura Keitel, Claudia Keil, Boris Mahltig
Antimicrobial functionalization of textiles is important for various applications, such as protection of textile materials from decomposition, generation of more effective wound dressings, and the prevention of infections or malodors resulting from bacterial growth. In order to test the efficacy of new products, their antibacterial activity needs to be evaluated. At present, several different procedures are being used for this purpose, hindering comparisons among different studies. The present paper compares five of these assays using a sample panel of different textiles functionalized with copper (Cu) and silver (Ag) as antibacterial agents, and discusses the suitability of these methods for different analytical requirements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160492/use-of-virtual-reality-for-treating-burned-children-case-reports
#2
Soliane Quitolina Scapin, Maria Elena Echevarría-Guanilo, Paulo Roberto Boeira Fuculo, Jerusa Celi Martins, Mayara da Ventura Barbosa, Maurício José Lopes Pereima
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of virtual reality (VR) in pain intensity during dressing change of two burned children hospitalized in a Burn Treatment Center (BTC) in Southern Brazil. METHOD: Case report on the use of VR during dressing change of two burned children hospitalized in a BTC, from May to July 2016. For assessing pain, a facial pain rating scale was applied at four times: just before the dressing, during the dressing without the use of VR, during the dressing with the VR, and after the use of VR...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160352/genital-myiasis-associated-with-genital-piercing-case-report
#3
Daniel Melecchi Freitas, Flavio Aranovich, José Nicolau Olijnyk, Renan Lemos
CONTEXT: Myiasis is caused by larval infestation that usually occurs in exposed wounds. Dermatobia hominis is the most common fly species responsible for this parasitic infection. Genital piercing is an ornamental practice used in certain social circles. At placement, it transverses the skin surface and, as such, may be related to complications. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31-year-old man with a history of wound infection secondary to genital piercing who was exposed to an environment with flies, leading to myiasis...
November 9, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159695/a-novel-lignin-based-nanofibrous-dressing-containing-arginine-for-wound-healing-applications
#4
Fatemeh Reesi, Mohsen Minaiyan, Azade Taheri
Nanofiber-based wound dressings have attracted much attention in wound care owing to their unique properties such as high aspect ratio and three-dimensional structure. Arginine is a precursor of nitric oxide that plays an important role in the wound-healing process. Therefore, in this study, we have developed a gel which contains lignin nanofibers (Lig-NFs) that were surface modified by arginine molecules via electrostatic interaction (Arg-Lig-NF gel). The effect of pH on the amount of arginine attached on Lig-NF surface was evaluated at three different pH values-5, 6, and 7...
November 20, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157903/enzymatic-synthesis-of-quaternary-ammonium-chitosan-silk-fibroin-peptide-copolymer-and-its-characterization
#5
Lian Min, Meng Liu, Liangling Liu, Ziqie Rao, Chen Zhu, Lihong Fan
Free radicals are closely related to the occurrence and development of aging, cancer and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to improve the antioxidant effects of quaternary ammonium chitosan (QCS) by modified with silk fibroin peptide (SFP). The modification had been confirmed by FT-IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. Degree of substitution (DS) of QCS-SFP could be controlled by adjusting the reaction conditions. In this paper, the results of moisture absorption and retention test showed that QCS-SFP had excellent moisture absorption and retention properties...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157776/dress-code-in-the-perianesthesia-setting
#6
Theresa Clifford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156852/risk-factors-for-recurrent-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#7
Rana İşgüder, İlker Devrim, Gökhan Ceylan, Ahu Kara, Gamze Gülfidan, Hasan Ağın
Background/aim: It is recommended that a central venous catheter (CVC) be removed if central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) has been diagnosed. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the risk factors for recurrent CLABSI in reinserted catheters in a pediatric intensive care unit. Materials and methods: Patients with recurrent and nonrecurrent CLABSI were compared in terms of the catheter exchange interval, the interval between negative blood culture and reinsertion of the CVC, and the pre-/reinsertion treatment duration...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156634/an-overview-of-chitosan-nanoparticles-and-its-application-in-non-parenteral-drug-delivery
#8
REVIEW
Munawar A Mohammed, Jaweria T M Syeda, Kishor M Wasan, Ellen K Wasan
The focus of this review is to provide an overview of the chitosan based nanoparticles for various non-parenteral applications and also to put a spotlight on current research including sustained release and mucoadhesive chitosan dosage forms. Chitosan is a biodegradable, biocompatible polymer regarded as safe for human dietary use and approved for wound dressing applications. Chitosan has been used as a carrier in polymeric nanoparticles for drug delivery through various routes of administration. Chitosan has chemical functional groups that can be modified to achieve specific goals, making it a polymer with a tremendous range of potential applications...
November 20, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156067/pilot-testing-a-coaching-intervention-to-improve-certified-nursing-assistants-dressing-of-nursing-home-residents
#9
Kerry Jean Jordan, Pao-Feng Tsai, Seongkum Heo, Shasha Bai, Deborah Dailey, Cornelia K Beck, Lindsey M Butler, Rachel L Greenwood
The purpose of the current study was to identify initial effects of a coaching training intervention using Level of Assistance (LoA) strategies compared with traditional lecture techniques on the appropriateness of LoA use by certified nursing assistants (CNAs) and independence of dressing of nursing home residents with dementia. Seventeen CNA-resident dyads participated in this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). Control and experimental group CNAs received a 25-minute traditional lecture. Experimental group CNAs also underwent three coaching sessions over 4 weeks...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155834/measuring-the-microbiome-of-chronic-wounds-with-use-of-a-topical-antimicrobial-dressing-a-feasibility-study
#10
Lindsay Kalan, Mi Zhou, Michele Labbie, Benjamin Willing
BACKGROUND: Polymicrobial communities colonize all wounds, and biofilms are hypothesized to be a key link to the chronic state and stalled healing. Molecular methods offer greater insight when studying microbial ecology in chronic wounds, as only a small fraction of wound bacteria are cultured by currently available methods and studies have shown little agreement between culture and molecular based approaches. Some interventions, like dressings with oxidized silver, are reported to help the stalled wounds move to a normal healing trajectory but the underlying mechanisms are difficult to measure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155402/synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-from-a-desmodium-adscendens-extract-and-its-antibacterial-evaluation-on-wound-dressing-material
#11
Jaya R Lakkakula, Derek Tantoh Ndinteh, Sandy F van Vuuren, Denise K Olivier, Rui W M Krause
The one-pot synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the medium-polar extract of Desmodium adscendens (Sw.) DC. is presented here as an alternative synthesis of metal NPs. Characterisation of the formed NPs showed polydispersed AgNPs ranging from 15 to 100 nm where the concentration of metal ions was found to play a role in the size and shape of the prepared NPs. It could be established that the flavonoids, saponins, and alkaloids present in the extract acted as both reducing and stabilising agents during the formation of the capped metal NPs...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154220/association-of-melanocortin-mc4r-and-myostatin-mstn-genes-with-carcass-quality-in-rabbit
#12
Karim El-Sabrout, Sarah Aggag
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of Melanocortin (MC4R) and Myostatin (MSTN) with the carcass quality of V-line and Alexandria line rabbits. MC4R and MSTN were screened by single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis (SSCP) then DNA was sequenced. The results identified four novel SNPs using the four studied primers of the MC4R and MSTN genes. The genotype (BB) has significant higher body weight (BW), carcass weight (CW) and dressing percentage (DP) than AA rabbits. There were no significant differences within the two lines in the carcass color (light pink) and carcass fat (CF)...
November 7, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150073/dress-syndrome-associated-with-splenic-thrombosis
#13
Nicole LaHood, Kristin Sokol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148002/targeting-zero-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#14
Daniele G Biasucci, Mauro Pittiruti, Alessandra Taddei, Enzo Picconi, Alessandro Pizza, Davide Celentano, Marco Piastra, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Giorgio Conti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a new three-component 'bundle' for insertion and management of centrally inserted central catheters (CICCs), designed to minimize catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in critically ill children. METHODS: Our 'bundle' has three components: insertion, management, and education. Insertion and management recommendations include: skin antisepsis with 2% chlorhexidine; maximal barrier precautions; ultrasound-guided venipuncture; tunneling of the catheter when a long indwelling time is expected; glue on the exit site; sutureless securement; use of transparent dressing; chlorhexidine sponge dressing on the 7th day; neutral displacement needle-free connectors...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#15
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145731/decline-of-physical-activity-in-terminally-ill-patients-could-be-useful-for-predicting-short-term-survival
#16
Hiroki Yasui, Satoru Iwase, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Masanori Nojima, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: Although it is recommended that all terminally ill patients receive advance care planning (ACP), this is occasionally challenging because of the difficulty in predicting survival. There are some indexes for predicting survival, but few are accurate, especially at the terminal stages of illness. METHODS: Twenty-two patients at the terminal stages of cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We assessed their physical activity and condition using activities of daily living (ADL) scores for 1 month before the death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144034/considerations-in-surgical-management-of-a-buschke-lowenstein-tumor-in-netherton-syndrome-a-case-report
#17
Rosalind Ashton, Jamil Moledina, Branavan Sivakumar, Jemima E Mellerio, Anna E Martinez
Netherton syndrome is an autosomal recessive ichthyosis caused by mutations in SPINK5, with the classic triad of linearis circumflexa, trichorrhexis invaginata, and atopy. There are few reports of surgical management in individuals with Netherton syndrome and clinicians may be reluctant to operate for fear of wound-healing complications. This report describes a pediatric case of a Buschke-Lowenstein tumor of the natal cleft in a patient with Netherton syndrome that had failed to respond to medical management...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142890/comparing-the-effect-of-labetalol-versus-morphine-on-controlling-blood-pressure-and-pulse-rate-during-emergence-from-anesthesia-after-craniotomy
#18
Mohammadali Attari, Fatemeh Tayyari, Nafiseh Narimani
Background: Emergence from anesthesia is associated with sympathetic stimulation, increase in pulse and blood pressure. There are different methods, but the most appropriate method should be selected regarding the differences in nationalities. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of morphine and labetalol in controlling blood pressure and pulse during emergence from anesthesia in brain tumors craniotomy. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at Al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan - Iran on 60 patients suffering from brain tumor candidated for craniotomy and randomly classified into two groups of 30...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142544/effect-of-oil-gauze-silver-dressings-on-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-the-elderly
#19
Chang Yan Dong, Wen Juan Liu, Rong Xiang Chi, Hong Du
Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of oil gauze silver dressing and silver ions dressing on diabetic ulcers in elderly outpatients. Methods: Twenty-two patients with Type-2 diabetic foot ulcers were included in the study conducted at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital between April 2013 and April 2014. At the time of enrolment they were divided into the silver ions and oil gauze silver groups based on the order of admission. Dressings were changed twice weekly until the ulcer had healed...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141358/-effect-of-different-tourniquet-releasing-strategy-on-blood-loss-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Y Li, M Lu, H Tian, Z J Li, K Zhang
Objective: To explore the influences on peri-operative blood loss and postoperative blood transfusion in primary total knee arthroplasty when using different methods to release the pneumatic tourniquet. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2016, 484 patients with osteoarthritis were enrolled, undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in the Orthopedics Department of Peking University Third Hospital. Retrospective data was used, and all the patients had been operated on by three independent working groups...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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