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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226049/predictors-for-the-functional-incapacity-of-the-elderly-in-primary-health-care
#1
Lívia Carvalho Pereira, Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Elaine Maria Leite Rangel Andrade, Maria Josefina da Silva, Antonio Francisco Machado Pereira
Objectives: to assess the predictors for the functional incapacity of the elderly in primary health care. Method: cross-sectional study, of which 388 older people participated, conducted in three Primary health care Units, using the Katz index and Lawton's scale. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: regarding the degree of dependency for Basic Activities, 90.2% were less independent for dressing themselves; and for Instrumental Activities, 77...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225953/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-and-its-relation-with-autoimmunity-in-a-reference-center-in-mexico
#2
Juan Manuel Ruiz Matta, Silvia Méndez Flores, Judith Domínguez Cherit
BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a severe adverse drug reaction, with a reported mortality of 10%. Long-term outcomes involve organic failure and autoimmune diseases in some populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical prognosis of patients with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review at a referral hospital in Mexico City in a period of 22 years (1992-2013), looking up for records with diagnosis of DRESS according to RegiSCAR criteria...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#3
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224865/-falls-risk-needs-revisiting
#4
(no author information available yet)
In response to your story 'Ward patients urged to get up, dressed and mobile' (news, 8 February), and the campaign #endPJparalysis, I'd like to share my father's experience.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224651/supplementing-oregano-essential-oil-to-boar-diet-with-strengthened-fish-oil-effects-on-semen-antioxidant-status-and-semen-quality-parameters
#5
Q Liu, R J Duan, Y F Zhou, H K Wei, J Peng, J L Li
Previous research has shown benefits of dietary fish oil supplementation on semen quality of boars. However, little is known about how antioxidant protects lipid peroxidation on spermatozoa from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) addition. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) supplementation on semen antioxidant status and semen quality in boars fed a diet enriched with fish oil. Thirty-four mature boars of proven fertility, received daily 2.5 kg basal diet top-dressed with 45 g soybean oil and 15 g fish oil to meet the n-3 PUFA requirement of spermatozoa, randomly allocated to one of four groups supplemented with 100 mg α-tocopheryl acetate kg(-1) (control), or 250 or 500 or 750 mg OEO kg(-1) for 16 weeks...
February 22, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221906/tracing-surrogates-for-enteric-pathogens-inoculated-on-hide-through-the-beef-harvesting-process
#6
Mariana Villarreal-Silva, Daniel P Genho, Irfan Ilhak, Lisa M Lucia, James S Dickson, Kerri B Gehring, Jeffrey W Savell, Alejandro Castillo
Multiple antimicrobial interventions have been validated for use during the beef postharvesting process. However, little has been done to determine the impact of the postharvest environment on pathogen contamination. In this study, surrogate microorganisms were used to simulate pathogen cross-contamination through the postharvest environment at three different abattoirs. At each abattoir, the brisket areas of 13 hide-on carcasses were inoculated after stunning, with a gelatin slurry containing a cocktail (~7 log CFU/ml) of fluorescent Escherichia coli biotype I...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221873/characterization-of-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-on-veal-hides-and-carcasses
#7
Joseph M Bosilevac, Rong Wang, Brandon E Luedtke, Susanne Hinkley, Tommy L Wheeler, Mohammad Koohmaraie
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) are Shiga toxin-producing E. coli associated with the most severe forms of foodborne illnesses. The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service has identified a higher percentage of non-O157 EHEC compared with E. coli O157:H7-positive samples collected from veal trimmings than from products produced from other cattle slaughter classes. Therefore samples were collected from hides and preevisceration carcasses at five veal processors to assess E...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220597/a-new-option-for-definitive-burn-wound-closure%C3%A2-%C3%A2-pair-matching-type-of-retrospective-case-control-study-of-hand-burns-in-the-hospitalised-patients-group-in-the-dr-stanislaw-sakiel-centre-for-burn-treatment-between-2009-and-2015
#8
Justyna Glik, Marek Kawecki, Diana Kitala, Agnieszka Klama-Baryła, Wojciech Łabuś, Marek Grabowski, Agata Durdzińska, Mariusz Nowak, Marcelina Misiuga, Aleksandra Kasperczyk
Nearly 80% of all burns include the hands of affected individuals. Skin grafting is the gold standard in burns treatment, but in the case of the burn wound bed, it may require the necessity of utilising skin substitutes to facilitate closure. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of a porcine-derived wound dressing (Oasis™) for application to hand burns compared to a synthetic dressing (Suprathel™). Comparative assessments were made, including the time to heal, quality of healing and pain intensity...
February 21, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220564/epidermolysis-bullosa-simplex-complicated-by-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-a-hydrocolloid-dressing
#9
Sabine Müller, Dimitra Kiritsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219136/-an-epidemiological-investigation-of-pediatric-patients-under-14-with-large-area-burns-a-multicenter-study
#10
W F Cheng, D X Zhao, Z A Shen, H Y Zhang, J J Tu, Z Q Yuan, P Duan, G D Song
Objective: To investigate and evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of patients under 14 with large area burns in China. Methods: Data of pediatric patients aged 0-14yr with ≥30% total body surface area (TBSA) burned admitted into 106 burn centers in the mainland of China in 2014 were retrieved. The children were divided into three age groups: 0-3, 4-6 and 7-14 years according to the age. Information of age, gender, time of burn injury, causes of burns, admission time, prehospital emergency care of burn wound, burn area, inhalation injuries, the case fatality rate and length of hospital stay were collected for analysis...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218386/glucose-adsorption-to-chitosan-membranes-increases-proliferation-of-human-chondrocyte-via-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-complex-1-and-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-1-signaling
#11
Shun-Fu Chang, Kuo-Chin Huang, Chin-Chang Cheng, Yu-Ping Su, Ko-Chao Lee, Cheng-Nan Chen, Hsin-I Chang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is currently still an irreversible degenerative disease of the articular cartilage. Recent, dextrose (D-glucose) intraarticular injection prolotherapy for OA patients has been reported to benefit the chondrogenic stimulation of damaged cartilage. However, the detailed mechanism of glucose's effect on cartilage repair remains unclear. Chitosan, a naturally derived polysaccharide, has recently been investigated as a surgical or dental dressing to control breeding...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218360/evaluating-safety-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-picc-securement-by-subcutaneously-anchored-stabilization-device
#12
Pietro Antonio Zerla, Antonio Canelli, Lidia Cerne, Giuseppe Caravella, Alessandra Gilardini, Giuseppe De Luca, Ana Maria Aricisteanu, Raffaele Venezia
PURPOSE: In recent years, a large variety of medical devices has become available. Every device must be efficient, safe and cost effective, but it is not enough to use it properly without considering the environment in which it will be employed. We applied this kind of analysis to subcutaneously anchored sutureless devices (SAS). METHODS: This is a one-center prospective observational study on safety, effectiveness and cost effectiveness of an SAS device (SecurAcath, Interrad) for securement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in 30 adult cancer patients with treatment expected to be >60 days...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217650/comparing-the-effect-of-dressing-versus-no-dressing-on-exit-site-infection-and-peritonitis-in-chronic-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#13
Shahram Taheri, Mahdieh Ahmadnia, Mojgan Mortazavi, Shirin Karimi, Homa Reihani, Shiva Seirafian
BACHGROUND: Peritonitis and exit site (ES) infection are two main complications of peritoneal dialysis. There are some controversies regard to preventive strategies for ES care. In this study we compared peritonitis and ES infection rates in patients with and without dressing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study carried out on 72 patients under continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis treatment, 54 with dressing versus 18 patients without dressing, followed from October 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 for peritonitis and ES infection...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217493/outcome-and-preferences-in-male-to-female-subjects-with-gender-dysphoria-experience-from-eastern-india
#14
Anirban Majumder, Debmalya Sanyal
CONTEXT: Gender dysphoria (GD) is an increasingly recognized medical condition in India, and little scientific data on treatment outcomes are available. AIMS: Our objective is to study the therapeutic options including psychotherapy, hormone, and surgical treatments used for alleviating GD in male-to-female (MTF) transgender subjects in Eastern India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of treatment preferences and outcome in 55 MTF transgender subjects who were presented to the endocrine clinic...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216297/high-water-content-and-resilient-peg-containing-hydrogels-with-low-fibrotic-response
#15
Yu Zhang, Duo An, Yehudah Pardo, Alan Chiu, Wei Song, Qingsheng Liu, Fang Zhou, Sean P McDonough, Minglin Ma
: Hydrogels such as those based on polyethylene glycol (PEG) are broadly used in biomedicine where high water contents, robust mechanical properties such as resilience and favorable interactions with the body are often simultaneously desirable. However, the mechanical properties of conventional hydrogels often degrade rapidly after swelling or with increasing water content, limiting their potential in many applications. Here we describe a new class of PEG-containing hydrogels that remain highly resilient after maximum swelling...
February 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215637/polyglycolic-acid-sheet-attached-with-fibrin-glue-can-facilitate-faster-epithelialization-of-the-mastoid-cavity-after-canal-wall-down-tympanoplasty
#16
Taisuke Kobayashi, Kiyofumi Gyo, Masahiro Komori, Masamitsu Hyodo
OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively investigated whether polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheet attached to the bone surface using fibrin glue facilitate faster epithelialization of the mastoid bowl after canal wall-down (CWD) tympanoplasty compared to a simple dressing using poly-N-acetyl-glucosamine (Kichin) sheet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After completion of the CWD tympanoplasty, PGA sheet (n=16, PGA group) with fibrin glue or Kichin sheet (n=38, Kichin group) were placed on the bone surface of the mastoid bowl...
February 16, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214397/a-case-of-iv-degree-on-acute-radiation-dermatitis-in-china
#17
Zhen Shen, Ya-Hong Chen, Yue Chen, Yan Chen, Zhe Lv, Hai-Cheng Gao
This report investigates the nursing procedure of a case of adjuvant therapy of rectal cancer on IV degree of acute radiation dermatitis patients in the penis and scrotum junction. The lesion degree gradually increased. Fixation of the dressing was difficult in the penis and scrotum junction. The concept of wet healing with new dressings was used in patient. The silver ion dressings were used in inhibiting infection, and the wound was covered by the rimmed foam dressings. When it comes to the shaping period, water gel transparent paste was applied instead to cover the wound...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211272/effects-of-dimethyloxalylglycine-embedded-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-fiber-meshes-on-wound-healing-in-diabetic-rats
#18
Qiankun Zhang, Joung-Hwan Oh, Chan Ho Park, Jeong-Hwa Baek, Hyun-Mo Ryoo, Kyung Mi Woo
Impaired wound healing in diabetic patients is associated with altered inflammatory responses, poor angiogenesis, deficient extracellular matrix (ECM) component, and peripheral neuropathy. To develop a wound dressing that is capable of the controlled delivery of bioactive small molecules that can improve diabetic wound healing, dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG)-embedded poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) fiber (PCLF/DMOG) meshes are fabricated by electrospinning, and the effects of the PCLF/DMOG meshes on wound healing in diabetic rats are evaluated...
February 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210450/repercussions-of-intraalveolar-placement-of-combination-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-10-mg-metronidazole-gel-on-the-occurrence-of-dry-sockets-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Jasleen Kaur, Rushik Raval, Anupam Bansal, Vinod Kumawat
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of intraalveolar placement of gel containing 0.2% chlorhexidine and 10gm of metronidazole on the incidence of alveolar osteitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 300 impacted third molars were extracted in 150 patients enrolled in this trial. In each subject a socket was randomly selected and packed to the crest of alveolar ridge with the gel. The contralateral socket was packed with placebo dressing. The occurrence of dry socket was assessed during 3rd and 5th postoperative days ...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207633/acute-liver-failure-injury-related-to-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#20
Philippe Ichai, Astrid Laurent-Bellue, Faouzi Saliba, David Moreau, Camille Besch, Claire Francoz, Laurence Valeyrie-Allanore, Sylvie Roussin Bretagne, Marc Boudon, Teresa Maria Antonini, Florent Artru, Gabriella Pittau, Olivier Roux, Daniel Azoulay, Eric Levesque, François Durand, Catherine Guettier, Didier Samuel
BACKGROUND: Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) is a rare severe adverse drug induced reaction with multiorgan involvement. The outcome and prediction of those patients who develop severe acute liver injury (sALI) or acute liver failure (ALF) remain little known. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of patients admitted with a diagnosis of DRESS-related sALI or ALF. Histological review was performed on liver core biopsies from native livers...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
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