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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109601/effects-of-rumen-protected-capsicum-oleoresin-on-immune-responses-in-dairy-cows-intravenously-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#1
J Oh, M Harper, F Giallongo, D M Bravo, E H Wall, A N Hristov
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of rumen-protected Capsicum oleoresin (RPC) on productivity and immune responses including feed intake, milk yield and composition, white and red blood cells, lipid peroxidation, and blood concentration of cortisol, haptoglobin, glucose, and insulin in lactating dairy cows experimentally challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The experiment was a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design with 9 multiparous Holstein cows in three 28-d periods. Treatments were 0 (control), 100, and 200 mg of RPC/cow per day, mixed with small portions of the total mixed ration and top-dressed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109557/does-cutting-a-plaster-window-weaken-its-strength
#2
Nimesh Patel, Lance Wilson, Guy Wansbrough
INTRODUCTION: A plaster window is usually created over a pressure area, or in some cases a wound or suture line. This can relieve pressure at the site, and provide an opportunity to change dressings, check on drainage, and inspect a wound or ulcer. There is concern that this can have an effect on its function to provide fracture stability, and weakens the plaster. The biomechanical effects of windowing on plaster strength were therefore investigated, as it has not previously been reported...
January 16, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108895/chronic-wound-healing-a-review-of-current-management-and-treatments
#3
REVIEW
George Han, Roger Ceilley
Wound healing is a complex, highly regulated process that is critical in maintaining the barrier function of skin. With numerous disease processes, the cascade of events involved in wound healing can be affected, resulting in chronic, non-healing wounds that subject the patient to significant discomfort and distress while draining the medical system of an enormous amount of resources. The healing of a superficial wound requires many factors to work in concert, and wound dressings and treatments have evolved considerably to address possible barriers to wound healing, ranging from infection to hypoxia...
January 21, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108862/effects-of-chromium-methionine-supplementation-with-different-sources-of-zinc-on-growth-performance-carcass-traits-meat-quality-serum-metabolites-endocrine-parameters-and-the-antioxidant-status-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#4
Xiao Xu, Li Liu, Shen-Fei Long, Xiang-Shu Piao, Terry L Ward, Fei Ji
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of chromium methionine with/without zinc sulfate or zinc amino acid complex on the growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality, serum parameters, endocrine parameters, and antioxidant status of growing-finishing pigs. A total of 180 (32.0 ± 1.7 kg body weight, BW) crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire) were used in a completely randomized design with three dietary treatments and 10 replicates per treatment (five pens of barrows and five pens of gilts with six pigs per replicate)...
January 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108362/an-in-vitro-study-on-the-burn-wound-healing-activity-of-cotton-fabrics-incorporated-with-phytosynthesized-silver-nanoparticles-in-male-wistar-albino-rats
#5
Pannerselvam Balashanmugam, Dharmalingam Jothinathan Mukesh Kumar, Rajenderan Murugan, Perumal Palani, Pudupalayam Thangavelu Kalaichelvan, Hyung Joo Kim, Vijay Singh, Rangarajulu Senthil Kumaran
In modern therapeutics, chemically synthesized drugs have been reported as causing adverse effects including allergies, rashes, itches, and swelling. For the past few decades, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have widely been applied in medical domains due to their antimicrobial and wound healing properties. In the present study, different concentrations of phytosynthesized AgNPs-saturated cotton dress fabrics - in comparison to cotton fabrics treated with commercial ointment - were tested for 18days to assess their ability to speed the healing of rats' burn wounds...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107663/antibacterial-anti-oxidant-electroactive-injectable-hydrogel-as-self-healing-wound-dressing-with-hemostasis-and-adhesiveness-for-cutaneous-wound-healing
#6
Xin Zhao, Hao Wu, Baolin Guo, Ruonan Dong, Yusheng Qiu, Peter X Ma
Injectable self-healing hydrogel dressing with multifunctional properties including anti-infection, anti-oxidative and conductivity promoting wound healing process will be highly desired in wound healing application and its design is still a challenge. We developed a series of injectable conductive self-healed hydrogels based on quaternized chitosan-g-polyaniline (QCSP) and benzaldehyde group functionalized poly(ethylene glycol)-co-poly(glycerol sebacate) (PEGS-FA) as antibacterial, anti-oxidant and electroactive dressing for cutaneous wound healing...
January 11, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104899/amino-acid-based-material-for-the-complementary-therapy-of-decubitus-ulcers
#7
Frederico Nogueira, Isabel C Gouveia
Chronic wounds, pressure sores, lesions and infections of microbial origin in bedridden, paralyzed or malnutrition patients remain the object of study of many researchers. There are several intrinsic and extrinsic factors involved in the development of these disorders, which are related to the patient's immune system, making it unable to respond effectively to the treatment of the wound. These factors can be properly controlled, giving particular importance to the ethiology and stage of the wound, as well as the time periods corresponding to the replacement of the dressings...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103864/low-back-pain-and-limitations-of-daily-living-in-asia-longitudinal-findings-in-the-thai-cohort-study
#8
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Damian Hoy, Rachelle Buchbinder, Chris Bain, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major cause of disability throughout the world. However, longitudinal evidence to relate low back pain and functional limitations is mostly confined to Western countries. In this study, we investigate the associations between low back pain and functional limitations in a prospective cohort of Thai adults. METHODS: We analysed information from the Thai Cohort Study of adult Open University adults which included 42,785 participants in both 2009 and 2013, with the majority aged 30 to 65 years and residing nationwide...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103711/the-experience-of-hospital-death
#9
Elise C Carey, Ann M Dose, Katherine M Humeniuk, Yichen C Kuan, Ashley D Hicks, Abigale L Ottenberg, Jon C Tilburt, Barbara Koenig
BACKGROUND: The quality of perimortem care received by patients who died at our hospitals was unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of hospital care experienced in the last week of life, as perceived by decedents' families. DESIGN: Telephone survey that included established measures and investigator-developed content. SETTING: Large, tertiary care center known for high-quality, cost-effective care. PARTICIPANTS: Family members of 104 patients who died in-hospital (10% of annual deaths) over the course of 1 year...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103149/gender-and-appearance-accuracy-women-s-advantage-over-men-is-restricted-to-dress-items
#10
Terrence Glenn Horgan, Marianne Patricia McGrath, Carl Bastien, Patrick Wegman
Which aspects of people's appearance do women remember better than men do? Women were predicted to remember the dress-related items but not the physical characteristics of targets more accurately than men, given that the former might be a more female-relevant domain of interest among perceivers. Participants watched a videotaped target and then completed a surprise test of their memory for her/his appearance. Men were as accurate as women at remembering the target's physical features, but less accurate than woman at recalling what the target was wearing...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101480/spectrum-of-cutaneous-adverse-reactions-to-levetiracetam-and-human-leukocyte-antigen-typing-in-north-indian-patients
#11
Bhargavi Ramanujam, Kavish Ihtisham, Gurvinder Kaur, Shivani Srivastava, Narinder Kumar Mehra, Neena Khanna, Mahip Singh, Manjari Tripathi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aromatic antiepileptic drugs are frequently implicated for cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs); there are case-reports of even severe reactions like drug reaction eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) and Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS)-toxic epidermal necrolysis with Levetiracetam (LEV). Certain human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-alleles have strong association with cADRs due to specific drugs - HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 in Carbamazepine (CBZ)-related SJS in Han-Chinese and European populations, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101467/some-qualitative-and-rheological-properties-of-virgin-olive-oil-apple-vinegar-salad-dressing-stabilized-with-xanthan-gum
#12
Solmaz Abedinzadeh, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi
Purpose: Lipid oxidation and rheological properties are the main qualitative parameters determined in food emulsions. Salad dressings are food emulsions important in our daily diet, but conventional salad dressings have high amounts of cholesterol and saturated fatty acids because of egg yolk in their formulations. There are many studies on the modification of salad dressing formulations to replace egg yolk and saturated fats. The present study describes new formulation of salad dressing with olive oil and apple vinegar to produce a functional food product...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101161/clinical-effect-of-hydrocolloid-dressings-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-infant-diaper-rash
#13
Xiao-Ping Qiao, Yan-Zhen Ge
The aim of the study was to investigate the application of hydrocolloid dressings in the prevention and treatment of infant diaper rash. A total of 210 infants with diaper rash were included in the study and randomized into 3 groups of 70 infants. Infants in group A received hydrocolloid dressings and individualized nursing; infants in group B received mupirocin plaster and topical application of pearl powder as well as routine nursing; and infants in group C received zinc oxide plaster and routine nursing...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099196/use-of-engineered-exosomes-expressing-hla-and-costimulatory-molecules-to-generate-antigen-specific-cd8-t-cells-for-adoptive-cell-therapy
#14
Sueon Kim, Hyun-Jung Sohn, Hyun-Joo Lee, Dae-Hee Sohn, Seung-Joo Hyun, Hyun-Il Cho, Tai-Gyu Kim
Dendritic cell-derived exosomes (DEX) comprise an efficient stimulator of T cells. However, the production of sufficient DEX remains a barrier to their broad applicability in immunotherapeutic approaches. In previous studies, genetically engineered K562 have been used to generate artificial antigen presenting cells (AAPC). Here, we isolated exosomes from K562 cells (referred to as CoEX-A2s) engineered to express human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 and costimulatory molecules such as CD80, CD83, and 41BBL. CoEX-A2s were capable of stimulating antigen-specific CD8 T cells both directly and indirectly via CoEX-A2 cross-dressed cells...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099173/surgical-approach-for-ulcerated-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-single-center-experience-a-retrospective-study
#15
Rita Laforgia, Clelia Punzo, Annunziata Panebianco, Annalisa Volpi, Marina Minafra, Maria Grazia Sederino
AIM: The aim of our retrospective study is to analyze surgical possibilities for the extended LABC in those cases not suitable for a neoadjuvant chemotherapy step and to consider various reconstruction techniques. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Between 2009 and 2015 we enrolled 11 patients, admitted to the Emergency Department, presenting ulcerated LABC that needed palliative surgical demolitive procedures because of bleeding and anemia and in which was necessary to use natural tissues transposition or synthetic substitutes for the reconstruction of the skin flaps...
January 12, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097806/a-silicone-rubber-membrane-with-a-specific-pore-size-enhances-cell-proliferation-and-wound-regeneration-via-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#16
Rui Xu, Yang Bai, Jian Zhao, Hesheng Xia, Yi Kong, Zhihui Yao, Rongshuai Yan, Xiaorong Zhang, Xiaohong Hu, Meixi Liu, Qingwu Yang, Gaoxing Luo, Jun Wu
A porous structure is critically important for wound dressing or tissue engineering scaffolds. However, the influence of the pore sizes on cell proliferation, tissue regeneration and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, silicone rubber membranes with different pore sizes were prepared using certain constituents of liquid silicone rubber (LSR) precursor/ liquid paraffin (LP) /hexane based on our previous studies. It was found that pore size had a significant impact on cell proliferation and wound healing...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097602/dietary-supplementation-of-chromium-can-alleviate-negative-impacts-of-heat-stress-on-performance-carcass-yield-and-some-blood-hematology-and-chemistry-indices-of-growing-japanese-quail
#17
Mohamed Soliman El-Kholy, Mohamed Mohamed El-Hindawy, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Sabry Abd El-Gawad Abd El-Halim El-Sayed
The main objective of this work was to investigate the impact of dietary chromium supplementation on growth indices, carcass yield, and some hematological and biochemical blood parameters of growing Japanese quails subjected to heat stress. A total of 360 unsexed 2-week-old Japanese quail chicks were used in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement that had two ambient temperatures (23 ± 2 and 33 ± 2 °C) and three dietary chromium (0.00, 500, and 1000 μg Cr/kg diet as chromium picolinate). For induction of heat stress, the room temperature was set at 33 ± 2 °C from 2 to 6 weeks of age...
January 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096390/modification-of-host-dendritic-cells-by-microchimerism-derived-extracellular-vesicles-generates-split-tolerance
#18
William Bracamonte-Baran, Jonathan Florentin, Ying Zhou, Ewa Jankowska-Gan, W John Haynes, Weixiong Zhong, Todd V Brennan, Partha Dutta, Frans H J Claas, Jon J van Rood, William J Burlingham
Maternal microchimerism (MMc) has been associated with development of allospecific transplant tolerance, antitumor immunity, and cross-generational reproductive fitness, but its mode of action is unknown. We found in a murine model that MMc caused exposure to the noninherited maternal antigens in all offspring, but in some, MMc magnitude was enough to cause membrane alloantigen acquisition (mAAQ; "cross-dressing") of host dendritic cells (DCs). Extracellular vesicle (EV)-enriched serum fractions from mAAQ(+), but not from non-mAAQ, mice reproduced the DC cross-dressing phenomenon in vitro...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#19
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094901/characteristics-of-dust-particles-abraded-from-pesticide-treated-seeds-1-size-distribution-using-different-measuring-techniques
#20
Dieter Foque, Ingrid Zwertvaegher, Wouter Devarrewaere, Pieter Verboven, David Nuyttens
BACKGROUND: Particle size is one of the most important properties affecting the driftability and behavior of dust particles abraded from pesticide dressed seeds during sowing. Three particle sizing techniques were used determine the particle size distribution of dust abraded from seeds from six different species. RESULTS: Important differences in dust particle size distribution between species were observed with the finest dust for rapeseed and the coarsest dust for barley...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
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