keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341834/improvement-in-overall-survival-with-carfilzomib-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#1
David S Siegel, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Heinz Ludwig, Thierry Facon, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Andrzej Jakubowiak, Jesus San-Miguel, Mihaela Obreja, Julie Blaedel, A Keith Stewart
Purpose In the ASPIRE study of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) versus lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (Rd) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, progression-free survival was significantly improved in the carfilzomib group (hazard ratio, 0.69; two-sided P < .001). This prespecified analysis reports final overall survival (OS) data and updated safety results. Patients and Methods Adults with relapsed multiple myeloma (one to three prior lines of therapy) were eligible and randomly assigned at a one-to-one ratio to receive KRd or Rd in 28-day cycles until withdrawal of consent, disease progression, or occurrence of unacceptable toxicity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296798/a-phase-2-study-of-panobinostat-with-lenalidomide-and-weekly-dexamethasone-in-myeloma
#2
Ajai Chari, Hearn J Cho, Amishi Dhadwal, Gillian Morgan, Lisa La, Katarzyna Zarychta, Donna Catamero, Erika Florendo, Nadege Stevens, Daniel Verina, Elaine Chan, Violetta Leshchenko, Alessandro Laganà, Deepak Perumal, Anna Huo-Chang Mei, Kaity Tung, Jami Fukui, Sundar Jagannath, Samir Parekh
Phase 3 studies combining histone deacetylase inhibitors with bortezomib were hampered by gastrointestinal (GI) intolerance, which was not observed when combined with immunomodulatory drugs. This study is a single-center phase 2 study of panobinostat with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (FRD). Twenty-seven relapsed multiple myeloma patients were enrolled. Twenty-two patients (81%) were lenalidomide refractory and 9 (33%), 14 (52%), and 7 (26%) were refractory to pomalidomide, bortezomib, and carfilzomib, respectively...
August 22, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290170/cost-effectiveness-of-drugs-to-treat-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-in-the-united-states
#3
Josh J Carlson, Gregory F Guzauskas, Richard H Chapman, Patricia G Synnott, Shanshan Liu, Elizabeth T Russo, Steven D Pearson, Elizabeth D Brouwer, Daniel A Ollendorf
BACKGROUND: New 3-drug regimens have been developed and approved to treat multiple myeloma (MM). The absence of direct comparative data and the high cost of treatment support the need to assess the relative clinical and economic outcomes across all approved regimens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of treatments for relapsed and/or refractory MM from a U.S. health system perspective. METHODS: We developed a partition survival model with 3 health states (progression-free, progression, and death) to evaluate the following regimens: carfilzomib (CFZ), elotuzumab (ELO), ixazomib (IX), daratumumab (DAR), and panobinostat (PAN) in combination with lenalidomide (LEN) or bortezomib (BOR) plus dexamethasone (DEX) in the second and/or third line of therapy...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290169/evaluating-oncology-value-based-frameworks-in-the-u-s-marketplace-and-challenges-in-real-world-application-a-multiple-myeloma-test-case
#4
Laurence M Djatche, Joseph A Goble, Grace Chun, Stefan Varga
BACKGROUND: With the continuous rise in costs for oncology drugs, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER), the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center's Drug Abacus (DrugAbacus), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) have developed value-based frameworks (VBFs) to assist stakeholders in formulary and treatment decision-making processes. Since emerging VBFs have the potential to affect available treatment options for patients, it is important to understand the differences associated with these VBFs within various therapeutic areas...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159498/pooled-analysis-of-the-reports-of-carfilzomib-ixazomib-combinations-for-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#5
Wenjun Xu, Xuedong Sun, Baohong Wang, Hui Guo
We sought to evaluate the activity and safety of carfilzomib-/ixazomib-containing combinations for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). We searched published reports including carfilzomib-/ixazomib-containing combinations for RRMM. Finally, we identified 11 prospective studies covering 2845 relapsed/refractory patients. Carfilzomib- and ixazomib-containing combinations respectively resulted in an impressive overall response rate (ORR 77 vs. 64%, P = 0.14), very good partial response or better (≥ VGPR 48 vs...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134824/an-overview-of-the-role-of-carfilzomib-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#6
Dimitrios C Ziogas, Evangelos Terpos, Efstathios Kastritis, Meletios A Dimopoulos
Carfilzomib is a second-generation proteasome inhibitor that binds selectively and irreversibly with the chymotrypsin-like site of the proteolytic core. Its initial approval by the Food and Drug Administration, as monotherapy for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RR-MM), followed soon by a global authorization of its combination with dexamethasone or with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone for the treatment of RR-MM after 1-3 prior lines. In order to optimize its administration, carfilzomib is currently examined in different doses and regimens in relapsed/refractory as well as in newly diagnosed myeloma...
December 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098319/-multiple-myeloma-what-has-been-confirmed-in-therapy
#7
REVIEW
M-A Baertsch, H Goldschmidt
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignancy of terminally differentiated B cells/plasma cells and is primarily located in the bone marrow. Symptomatic multiple myeloma typically presents with osteolyses, anemia, reduced renal function, and/or hypercalcemia. In the case of such MM-related end organ damage, urgent systemic treatment is indicated. In order to prevent end organ damage, current guidelines now recommend treatment initiation already when certain biomarkers are met. Current first-line treatment is based on proteasome inhibition and immunomodulation...
November 2, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977957/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-treatments-for-newly-diagnosed-and-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-with-del-17p
#8
Jinghua Liu, Hui Yang, Xiaochan Liang, Yuxin Wang, Jian Hou, Yanqin Liu, Jigang Wang, Fan Zhou
We analyzed the treatment of newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (NDMM/RRMM) patients with del(17p). Thirteen prospective studies that evaluated 3,187 MM patients, including 685with del(17p), were included in our meta-analysis. The incidence of del(17p) in NDMM and RRMM patients was similar (13% vs. 14%, respectively, P = 0.64, I2 = 94%). The overall response rate (ORR) to new agents was 40.5% and 67.1%, respectively, in RRMM patients with or without del(17p) (P = 0.1, I2 = 63.9%). NDMM patients with del(17p) treated with PAD (bortezomib, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) induction therapy followed by bortezomib maintenance therapy had higher progression-free survival (PFS) (25...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935772/the-european-medicines-agency-review-of-carfilzomib-for-the-treatment-of-adult-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-who-have-received-at-least-one-prior-therapy
#9
Kyriaki Tzogani, Jorge Camarero Jiménez, Isabel Garcia, Arantxa Sancho-López, Marc Martin, Alexandre Moreau, Pierre Demolis, Tomas Salmonson, Jonas Bergh, Edward Laane, Heinz Ludwig, Christian Gisselbrecht, Francesco Pignatti
On November 19, 2015, a marketing authorization valid through the European Union was issued for carfilzomib in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least one prior therapy.In a phase III trial in patients with relapsed MM, median progression-free survival (PFS) for patients treated with carfilzomib in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (CRd) was 26.3 months versus 17.6 months for those receiving lenalidomide and dexamethasone alone (hazard ratio = 0...
November 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883264/treatment-algorithms-for-multiple-myeloma-in-japan
#10
Shuji Ozaki
Recent progress in the development of novel therapeutic agents has remarkably improved the treatment outcome for multiple myeloma (MM). Proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib, carfilzomib, and ixazomib; immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide; the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor panobinostat; and the monoclonal antibody, elotuzumab, have all been approved in Japan, although only bortezomib and lenalidomide have been approved for initial therapy. Accordingly, the Japanese Society of Hematology has released updated treatment guidelines for MM...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723635/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-treatments-for-newly-diagnosed-and-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-with-del-17p
#11
Jinghua Liu, Hui Yang, Xiaochan Liang, Yuxin Wang, Jian Hou, Yanqin Liu, Jigang Wang, Fan Zhou
We analyzed the treatment of newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (NDMM/RRMM) patients with del(17p). Thirteen prospective studies that evaluated 3,187 MM patients, including 685with del(17p), were included in our meta-analysis. The incidence of del(17p) in NDMM and RRMM patients was similar (13% vs. 14%, respectively, P = 0.64, I2 = 94%). The overall response rate (ORR) to new agents was 40.5% and 67.1%, respectively, in RRMM patients with or without del(17p) (P = 0.1, I2 = 63.9%). NDMM patients with del(17p) treated with PAD (bortezomib, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) induction therapy followed by bortezomib maintenance therapy had higher progression-free survival (PFS) (25...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679737/how-i-treat-first-relapse-of-myeloma
#12
REVIEW
Jean Luc Harousseau, Michel Attal
The standard treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma has been either lenalidomide-dexamethasone (RD) or bortezomib-dexamethasone (VD) but it is changing rapidly for 2 reasons. First, lenalidomide and bortezomib are currently used in frontline treatment and many patients become resistant to these agents early in the course of their disease. Second, 6 second-line new agents have been recently developed and offer new possibilities (pomalidomide, carfilzomib and ixazomib, panobinostat, elotuzumab, and daratumumab)...
August 24, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661711/safety-of-ixazomib-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma
#13
REVIEW
Antoine Bonnet, Philippe Moreau
Despite a major positive impact of proteasome inhibitors (PI), such as bortezomib and carfilzomib, on the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) over the last few years, their use in clinical practice is limited by the development of drug resistance, significant side-effects or constraining administration schedules. Ixazomib is the first, and for now the only, oral PI, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2015 and by the European Medicines Agency in 2016. Areas covered: In this review, we provide an overview of the preclinical and early-phase studies of ixazomib used as single-agent and in combination...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556890/recent-progress-in-relapsed-multiple-myeloma-therapy-implications-for-treatment-decisions
#14
REVIEW
Philippe Moreau, Edwin de Wit
The availability of novel therapies for the treatment of multiple myeloma has had a dramatic impact on the depth of response that can be expected on initial treatment. Despite these advances, disease relapse remains inevitable in most patients and brings with it a different set of priorities for therapy. The most recent wave of novel agents may have a particular impact in the relapsed setting. In this review, we examine the evidence currently available from clinical trials for the use of novel agents, particularly in the formation of triplet therapy...
October 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439109/efficacy-and-safety-of-carfilzomib-regimens-in-multiple-myeloma-patients-relapsing-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplant-aspire-and-endeavor-outcomes
#15
P Hari, M-V Mateos, R Abonour, S Knop, W Bensinger, H Ludwig, K Song, R Hajek, P Moreau, D S Siegel, S Feng, M Obreja, S K Aggarwal, K Iskander, H Goldschmidt
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a standard treatment for eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients, but many patients will relapse after ASCT and require subsequent therapy. The proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib is approved for relapsed or refractory MM (RRMM). In phase 3 trials, carfilzomib-based regimens (ASPIRE, carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone; ENDEAVOR, carfilzomib-dexamethasone) demonstrated superior progression-free survival (PFS) compared with standard therapies for RRMM (ASPIRE: lenalidomide-dexamethasone; ENDEAVOR, bortezomib-dexamethasone)...
December 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430175/carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone-vs-lenalidomide-dexamethasone-in-relapsed-multiple-myeloma-by-previous-treatment
#16
M A Dimopoulos, A K Stewart, T Masszi, I Špička, A Oriol, R Hájek, L Rosiñol, D Siegel, G G Mihaylov, V Goranova-Marinova, P Rajnics, A Suvorov, R Niesvizky, A Jakubowiak, J San-Miguel, H Ludwig, S Ro, S Aggarwal, P Moreau, A Palumbo
Carfilzomib, a proteasome inhibitor, is approved as monotherapy and in combination with dexamethasone or lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd) for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The approval of carfilzomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (KRd) was based on results from the randomized, phase 3 study ASPIRE (NCT01080391), which showed KRd significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) vs Rd (median 26.3 vs 17.6 months; hazard ratio (HR)=0.690; P=0.0001). This subgroup analysis of ASPIRE evaluated KRd vs Rd by number of previous lines of therapy and previous exposure to bortezomib, thalidomide or lenalidomide...
April 21, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243125/carfilzomib-boosted-combination-therapy-for-relapsed-multiple-myeloma
#17
REVIEW
Raphael E Steiner, Elisabet E Manasanch
Carfilzomib is a proteasome inhibitor that binds selectively and irreversibly to the 20S proteasome, the proteolytic core particle within the 26S proteasome, resulting in the accumulation of proteasome substrates and ultimately growth arrest and apoptosis of tumor cells. The development and ultimate approval of this medication by regulatory agencies has been an important step toward improving clinical outcomes in multiple myeloma. Although initially approved as a single agent for the treatment of multiply relapsed and/or refractory myeloma, in the USA, it is now widely used in the early relapse setting in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211560/carfilzomib-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-relapsed-multiple-myeloma-categorised-by-age-secondary-analysis-from-the-phase-3-aspire-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Meletios A Dimopoulos, A Keith Stewart, Tamás Masszi, Ivan Špička, Albert Oriol, Roman Hájek, Laura Rosiñol, David Siegel, Georgi G Mihaylov, Vesselina Goranova-Marinova, Péter Rajnics, Aleksandr Suvorov, Ruben Niesvizky, Andrzej Jakubowiak, Jesus San-Miguel, Heinz Ludwig, Antonio Palumbo, Mihaela Obreja, Sanjay Aggarwal, Philippe Moreau
A primary analysis of the ASPIRE study found that the addition of carfilzomib to lenalidomide and dexamethasone (carfilzomib group) significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with lenalidomide and dexamethasone alone (control group) in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (RMM). This post hoc analysis examined outcomes from ASPIRE in patients categorised by age. In the carfilzomib group, 103/396 patients were ≥70 years old, and in the control group, 115/396 patients were ≥70 years old...
May 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151709/progress-and-paradigms-in-multiple-myeloma
#19
EDITORIAL
Kenneth C Anderson
Remarkable progress has been achieved in multiple myeloma, and patient median survival has been extended 3- to 4-fold. Specifically, there have been 18 newly approved treatments for multiple myeloma in the past 12 years, including seven in 2015, and the treatment paradigm and patient outcome have been transformed. The definition of patients benefitting from these therapies has been broadened. Response criteria now include minimal residual disease (MRD), assessed in bone marrow by multicolor flow cytometry or sequencing, and by imaging for extramedullary disease...
November 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092421/carfilzomib-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-heavily-pretreated-multiple-myeloma-a-phase-1-study-in-japan
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kenshi Suzuki, Masaki Ri, Takaaki Chou, Isamu Sugiura, Naoki Takezako, Kazutaka Sunami, Tadao Ishida, Tohru Izumi, Shuji Ozaki, Yoshihisa Shumiya, Kenji Ota, Shinsuke Iida
This is the first study in which the carfilzomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone (KRd) regimen was evaluated in heavily pretreated multiple myeloma. This study is a multicenter, open-label phase 1 study of KRd in Japanese patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients. The objectives were to evaluate the safety, tolerability, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of the regimen. Carfilzomib was administrated intravenously over 10 min on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15 and 16 of a 28-day cycle. In cycle 1, the dosage for days 1 and 2 was 20 mg/m(2) , followed by 27 mg/m(2) ...
March 2017: Cancer Science
keyword
keyword
45866
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"