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osteoarthritis of hip

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665766/relationship-between-synovial-inflammatory-cytokines-and-progression-of-osteoarthritis-after-hip-arthroscopy-experimental-assessment
#1
Kensuke Fukushima, Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Hisako Fujimaki, Masayuki Miyagi, Naoshige Nagura, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso
PURPOSE: Synovial membrane inflammation is the most commonly presenting finding during hip arthroscopy and may have a role in the pathomechanism of hip osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between synovial cytokine levels and progression of OA after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: We prospectively examined 20 patients (20 hips) who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery. For all patients, radiographs and severity of pain were evaluated preoperatively...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#2
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663012/medial-joint-line-elevation-of-the-tibia-measured-during-surgery-has-a-significant-correlation-with-the-limb-alignment-changes-following-medial-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Yuichi Kuroda, Koji Takayama, Kazunari Ishida, Shinya Hayashi, Shingo Hashimoto, Masanori Tsubosaka, Takehiko Matsushita, Takahiro Niikura, Kotaro Nishida, Ryosuke Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the correlation between the change in joint line height calculated from the resected bone and insert thickness during surgery and the change in limb alignment following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). It was hypothesized that joint line elevation is correlated with the change in limb alignment. METHODS: A total of 74 consecutive patients diagnosed with either isolated medial compartmental osteoarthritis (38 patients) or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (36 patients) were included...
April 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661229/can-arthroplasty-stem-influence-outcome-casino-a-randomized-controlled-equivalence-trial-of-125-mm-versus-150-mm-exeter-v40-stems-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#4
David F Hamilton, Nicholas E Ohly, Paul Gaston
BACKGROUND: The use of shorter length femoral stems during total hip arthroplasty has been suggested to accommodate wider patient femoral geometry and offer maximal bone preservation. However, cemented short-stem designs may increase the risk of varus stem malalignment and influence patient outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: CASINO is a multi-centre randomised equivalence trial that will recruit 220 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis at two NHS hospitals in Scotland...
April 16, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657844/spine-hip-relations-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis
#5
Charles Rivière, Stefan Lazic, Louis Dagneaux, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Justin Cobb, Sarah Muirhead-Allwood
Patients with hip osteoarthritis often have an abnormal spine-hip relation (SHR), meaning the presence of a clinically deleterious spine-hip and/or hip-spine syndrome.Definition of the individual SHR is ideally done using the EOS® imaging system or, if not available, with conventional lumbopelvic lateral radiographs.By pre-operatively screening patients with abnormal SHR, it is possible to refine total hip replacement (THR) surgical planning, which may improve outcomes.An important component of the concept of kinematically aligned total hip arthroplasty (KA THA) consists of defining the optimal acetabular cup design and orientation based on the assessment of an individual's SHR, and use of the transverse acetabular ligament to adjust the cup positioning...
February 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653242/effect-of-combined-flexion-and-external-rotation-on-measurements-of-the-proximal-femur-from-anteroposterior-pelvic-radiographs
#6
J O'Connor, M Rutherford, J Hill, D Beverland, N Dunne, A Lennon
INTRODUCTION: Fixed flexion and external rotation contractures are common in patients with hip osteoarthritis and in particular before total hip replacement (THR). We aimed to answer the following question: how does combined flexion and external rotation of the femur influence the radiographic assessment of 1) femoral offset (FO) 2) neck-shaft angle (NSA) and 3) distance (parallel to the femoral axis) from greater trochanter to femoral head centre (GT-FHC)? HYPOTHESIS: Combined flexion and external rotation impact the accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) proximal femur measurements...
April 10, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644385/postoperative-alpha-angle-not-associated-with-patient-centered-midterm-outcomes-following-hip-arthroscopy-for-fai
#7
Karen K Briggs, Eduardo Soares, Sanjeev Bhatia, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: The most commonly used parameter for defining cam-type femoroacetabular impingement(FAI) has been the alpha angle. The purpose of this study was to determine if patient-reported outcomes 5 years following hip arthroscopy for FAI were associated with postoperative alpha angle. We hypothesized that patient-reported outcomes would not be influenced by postoperative alpha angle in patients with FAI. METHODS: 230 patients had primary hip arthroscopy for FAI and chondrolabral dysfunction...
April 11, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643866/joint-genomic-prediction-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-uk-and-us-labrador-retrievers
#8
Stefan M Edwards, John A Woolliams, John M Hickey, Sarah C Blott, Dylan N Clements, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Rory J Todhunter, Pamela Wiener
Canine hip dysplasia, a debilitating orthopedic disorder that leads to osteoarthritis and cartilage degeneration, is common in several large-sized dog breeds and shows moderate heritability suggesting that selection can reduce prevalence. Estimating genomic breeding values require large reference populations, which are expensive to genotype for development of genomic prediction tools. Combining datasets from different countries could be an option to help build larger reference datasets without incurring extra genotyping costs...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643693/joint-perception-and-patient-perceived-satisfaction-after-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-american-population
#9
Matthew Varacallo, Rajit Chakravarty, Kevin Denehy, Andrew Star
Background: Total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA) are two of the most successful procedures in orthopedics. Current evaluation trends focus on patient-reported outcomes. We sought to compare the changing WOMAC scores from various time points from pre-operative to 1-year follow-up between separate THA and TKA cohorts. In addition, we compared THA and TKA patients' joint perception, satisfaction, and function via a questionnaire. Methods: One hundred elective THA (n = 50) and TKA (n = 50) patients at one institution were randomly selected and contacted between 2 and 4 years after the index surgery...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642914/development-of-the-italian-version-of-the-high-activity-arthroplasty-score-haas-i-following-hip-and-knee-total-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change
#10
Marco Monticone, Antonio Capone, Luca Frigau, Giuseppe Marongiu, Paola Abelli, Francesco Mola, Nicola Maffulli, Calogero Foti
BACKGROUND: The number of physically active individuals who develop knee and hip arthritis and who undergo arthroplasties of these joints ie ever increasing. It has become necessary to develop evaluation scales which address the specific issues raised by such individuals. The High Activity Arthroplasty Score is one such scales, originally developed in English. METHODS: The HAAS-I was developed by means of forward-backward translation, a final review by an expert committee and a test of the pre-final version to establish its correspondence with the original English version...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629614/physical-impairments-in-adults-with-ankle-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Munira Mohammed Al-Mahrouqi, David Allan MacDonald, Bill Vicenzino, Michelle Dawn Smith
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background Lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with pain and reduced function. Most research focusses on hip and knee OA related impairments and as consequence impairments that characterise ankle OA are not well understood. Objective To systematically review available evidence of physical impairments in individuals with ankle OA. Methods A comprehensive search of electronic databases was conducted up until July 2017. Studies were screened using pre-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626655/complications-and-cost-of-single-stage-vs-two-stage-bilateral-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-control-study
#12
C Siedlecki, P Beaufils, B Lemaire, N Pujol
BACKGROUND: Single-stage bilateral knee arthroplasty, even when unicompartmental, remains controversial, chiefly due to the risk of peri-operative complications. The primary objective of this study was to compare the short-term complication rate and cost of single- vs. two-stage bilateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UCA). The secondary objective was to compare total hospital stay lengths and motion-range recovery. HYPOTHESIS: Single-stage bilateral UCA is a cost-saving alternative that is not associated with higher complication rates compared to two-stage bilateral UCA...
April 4, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626641/platelet-rich-plasma-versus-hyaluronic-acid-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Ye Ye, Xiang Zhou, Shuiwei Mao, Jun Zhang, Bingmin Lin
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the efficacy of intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for treating hip osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We performed systematic searches in PubMed, EmBase, ScienceDirect Web of science and the Cochrane Library for relevant literature published in or before February 2018. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. The risk of bias assessment was performed using the tool recommended in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (version 5...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621605/hip-joint-moments-during-walking-in-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Laura E Diamond, Kim Allison, Fiona Dobson, Michelle Hall
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated surrogate measures of hip joint loading during walking in people with hip osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Five databases were searched up to January 14th , 2018. Studies that measured hip joint moments in the frontal or sagittal plane during walking in people with hip OA and used either a healthy control group or the unaffected leg to compare hip joint moments were included. Standardised mean differences (SMD) in sagittal and frontal plane moments were pooled as appropriate, using a random effect approach...
April 2, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620976/osteoarthritis-and-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-and-knee
#15
Paul D Robinson, Jo McEwan, Vidhi Adukia, Makarahalli Prabhakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619500/early-stage-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going-in-year-2018
#16
REVIEW
Eric Larson, Lynne C Jones, Stuart B Goodman, Kyung-Hoi Koo, Quanjun Cui
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a devastating condition affecting relatively young patients whereby the femoral head is necrotic, resulting in significant pain, articular surface collapse, and eventual osteoarthritis. This condition has been highly associated with chronic steroid use, alcoholism, and hip trauma, as well as other less common conditions. Without intervention, this condition has a high likelihood of progressing and developing into end-stage osteoarthritis. Unfortunately, ONFH is difficult to diagnose on plain radiographs in the early stages of the disease, and often requires more advanced imaging modalities such as MRI in order to fully assess for early degeneration...
April 4, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619147/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-hip-disability-and-osteoarthritis-score-into-persian-language-reassessment-of-validity-and-reliability
#17
Alireza Mousavian, Amir Reza Kachooie, Ali Birjandinejad, Masood Khoshsaligheh, Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh
Background: This study aimed Persian translation and validation of the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) questionnaire. Methods: The study was carried out in two phases. First, we translated the HOOS according to acceptable guidelines. We assessed HOOS content convergent validity on 203 hip osteoarthritis patients using SF-36. Internal consistency was tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient if each item removed and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for the assessment of test-retest reproducibility...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618149/ankle-and-hindfoot-symptoms-after-medial-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#18
Siddharth Mahesh Shah, Jason Roberts, Frederic Picard
Medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) is a commonly performed procedure for symptomatic medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA). However, little is known about its effects on ipsilateral ankle or hindfoot. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of ankle or hindfoot problems after MOWHTO and examine its association with radiological indices. Thirty-five knees (32 patients) undergoing navigated MOWHTO were evaluated for the presence of new-onset ankle or hindfoot symptoms after surgery...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609970/modified-stoppa-approach-for-operative-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-10-year-experience-and-mid-term-follow-up
#19
Diederik O Verbeek, Kornelis J Ponsen, Mark van Heijl, J Carel Goslings
INTRODUCTION: The (modified) Stoppa approach for acetabular fracture surgery has gained significant popularity and early results have been encouraging but clinical outcome at extensive follow-up is scarce. The purpose of this study is to provide an update on our experience with this approach for operative treatment of acetabular fractures and to assess clinical outcome at mid-term follow-up. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all patients treated operatively for an acetabular fracture using the Stoppa approach over a 10-year period were included...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607768/the-dutch-hip-and-groin-outcome-score-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-according-to-the-cosmin-checklist
#20
Igor Tak, Marsha Tijssen, Thijs Schamp, Inger Sierevelt, Kristian Thorborg, Gino Kerkhoffs, Janine Stubbe, Anne-Marie van Beijsterveldt, Daniel Haverkamp
Study Design Clinical measurement. Background The Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) was developed as a patient-reported outcome measure for young, active individuals with hip and groin pain. Objectives To cross-culturally adapt and validate a Dutch version of the HAGOS. Methods Adaptation and validation were performed according to existing guidelines and the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist. Physically active (Tegner activity score of greater than 2) adults between 18 and 50 years of age with hip and groin pain (numeric pain score of 1 or greater) were included in the study...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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