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osteoarthritis of hip

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440159/multicentre-study-on-capsular-closure-versus-non-capsular-closure-during-hip-arthroscopy-in-danish-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-fai-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Christian Dippmann, Otto Kraemer, Bent Lund, Michael Krogsgaard, Per Hölmich, Martin Lind, Karen Briggs, Marc Philippon, Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen
INTRODUCTION: Hip arthroscopy has become a standard procedure in the treatment of hip joint pain not related to osteoarthritis or dysplasia in the young and active patient. There has been increasing focus on the contribution of the hip capsule to function and on stability following hip arthroscopy. It has been suggested that capsular closure after hip arthroscopy may prevent microinstability and macroinstability of the hip joint and reduce revision rate. However, it remains unknown whether capsular closure should be performed as a standard procedure when performing hip arthroscopies, especially in patients without additional risk factors for instability such as hypermobility or dysplasia of the hip...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436472/a-novel-variant-in-glis3-is-associated-with-osteoarthritis
#2
Elisabetta Casalone, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Eleni Zengini, Konstantinos Hatzikotoulas, Sophie Hackinger, Daniel Suveges, Julia Steinberg, Nigel William Rayner, arcOGEN Consortium, Jeremy Mark Wilkinson, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Eleftheria Zeggini
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex disease, but its genetic aetiology remains poorly characterised. To identify novel susceptibility loci for OA, we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in individuals from the largest UK-based OA collections to date. METHODS: We carried out a discovery GWAS in 5414 OA individuals with knee and/or hip total joint replacement (TJR) and 9939 population-based controls. We followed-up prioritised variants in OA subjects from the interim release of the UK Biobank resource (up to 12 658 cases and 50 898 controls) and our lead finding in operated OA subjects from the full release of UK Biobank (17 894 cases and 89 470 controls)...
February 7, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435594/-periacetabular-osteotomy-what-influence-does-age-have-on-patient-relevant-results-a-prospective-5%C3%A2-year-investigation
#3
L Franken, F Thielemann, A Postler, S Blum, A Hartmann, K-P Günther, J Goronzy
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure in treatment of symptomatic hip dysplasia. To achieve a good outcome a strict patient selection has to be applied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient age at surgery on clinical outcome. METHODS: In a prospective study 86 patients (106 hips) underwent clinical and radiographic follow-up at a mean time of 5 years (2.5-8.5 years) after PAO. Patient-related outcome measurements (PROMs: EQ-5D, WOMAC, OHS, GTO) were applied preoperatively as well as postoperatively and the deformity correction as well as development of osteoarthritis were evaluated...
February 12, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432270/what-is-the-long-term-survival-for-primary-tha-with-small-head-metal-on-metal-bearings
#4
Richard de Steiger, Andrea Peng, Peter Lewis, Stephen Graves
BACKGROUND: Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearing hip replacements have been shown to have a much higher rate of revision than other bearing surfaces. However, small-head (≤ 32 mm) MoM bearing surfaces have been in use for many years with several reports of satisfactory mid- to long-term survivorship. It is unclear whether the long-term survival of small-head MoM devices will continue to be satisfactory or whether the same concerns seen with the large-head MoM devices will ultimately become more prevalent...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432264/longitudinal-growth-and-pqct-measures-in-hutterite-children-and-grandchildren-are-associated-with-prevalence-of-hip-or-knee-replacement-resulting-from-osteoarthritis-in-parents-and-grandparents
#5
Lee Weidauer, Tianna Beare, Teresa Binkley, Maggie Minett, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability in the world. Several genes are associated with the development of OA, and previous studies have shown adult children of individuals with OA have higher areal bone mineral density (BMD). Because childhood is an important period of growth and bone development, and body composition is known to be associated with BMD, we speculated that there may be differences in growth and bone measures among young children with a genetic predisposition to OA...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429067/hip-malformation-is-a-very-common-finding-in-young-patients-scheduled-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#6
Dennis Karimi, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Troelsen, Jakob Klit
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, 20% of all registered total hip arthroplasties (THA) from 1995 to 2014 has been patients younger than 60 years with primary idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA). It is speculated that hip malformations may be a major contributor to early OA development. It has been shown that hip malformation may compromise implant position and, therefore, identifying and knowing the incidence of malformations is important. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of hip malformations in a cohort of younger patients undergoing THA...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426010/persisting-cam-deformity-is-associated-with-early-cartilage-degeneration-after-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-11-year-follow-up-including-dgemric
#7
Jakob Örtegren, Pernilla Peterson, Jonas Svensson, Carl J Tiderius
OBJECTIVE: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in adolescence is associated with increased risk of future osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to study clinical and radiographic risk factors for early cartilage degeneration after SCFE. DESIGN: 22 patients (44 hips) (mean age 24 years, range 18-27) treated with in situ fixation (The Hansson hook-pin) for stable SCFE on average 11 years previously were investigated. Cartilage status was assessed with delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC)...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426009/clinimetrics-of-ultrasound-pathologies-in-osteoarthritis-systematicliterature-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Win Min Oo, James M Linklater, Matthew Daniel, Simo Saarakkala, Jonathan Samuels, Philip G Conaghan, Helen I Keen, Leticia A Deveza, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to systematically review clinimetrics of commonly assessed ultrasound pathologies in knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis (OA), and to conduct a meta-analysis for each clinimetric. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from their inceptions to September 2016. According to the OMERACT Instrument Selection Algorithm, data extraction focused on ultrasound technical features and performance metrics...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426005/harmonising-measures-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-in-population-based-cohort-studies-an-international-study
#9
K M Leyland, L S Gates, M Nevitt, D Felson, S M Bierma-Zeinstra, P G Conaghan, L Engebretsen, M Hochberg, D J Hunter, G Jones, J M Jordan, A Judge, L S Lohmander, E M Roos, M T Sanchez-Santos, N Yoshimura, J B J van Meurs, M E Batt, J Newton, C Cooper, N K Arden
OBJECTIVE: Population-based osteoarthritis (OA) cohorts provide vital data on risk factors and outcomes of OA, however the methods to define OA vary between cohorts. We aimed to provide recommendations for combining knee and hip OA data in extant and future population cohort studies, in order to facilitate informative individual participant level analyses. METHOD: International OA experts met to make recommendations on: 1) defining OA by x-ray and/or pain; 2) compare The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)-type OA pain questions; 3) the comparability of the Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scale to NHANES-type OA pain questions; 4) the best radiographic scoring method; 5) the usefulness of other OA outcome measures...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424452/evidence-and-mechanism-by-which-upper-partial-fibulectomy-improves-knee-biomechanics-and-decreases-knee-pain-of-osteoarthritis
#10
Yong Nie, ZeYu Huang, Bin Xu, Bin Shen, Virginia Byers Kraus, FuXing Pei
To investigate the change in short-term clinical outcomes and biomechanical properties of the knee in response to upper partial fibulectomy and to probe into the biomechanical mechanism underlying the clinical benefits of upper partial fibulectomy for medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (KOA). 29 patients with medial compartment KOA underwent upper partial fibulectomy. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain, the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS), hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle (measured in the frontal plane), and flexion/extension range of motion of the knee were assessed before and up to 6 months after surgery...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423757/comparing-the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-eq-5d-5l-to-the-oxford-hip-and-knee-scores-and-sf-12-in-osteoarthritis-patients-1-year-following-total-joint-replacement
#11
Barbara L Conner-Spady, Deborah A Marshall, Eric Bohm, Michael J Dunbar, Tom W Noseworthy
PURPOSE: (1) To assess responsiveness of the EQ-5D-5L compared to Oxford hip and knee scores and the SF-12 in osteoarthritis patients undergoing total hip (THR) or knee (TKR) replacement surgery; (2) to compare distribution and anchor-based methods of assessing responsiveness. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to consecutive patients following surgeon referral for primary THR or TKR and 1 year post-surgery. We assessed effect size (ES), standardized response mean (SRM), and standard error of measurement (SEM)...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423247/periacetabular-osteotomy-for-developmental-hip-dysplasia-with-labral-tears-is-arthrotomy-or-arthroscopy-required
#12
Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Matthew J Boyle, Robert F Murphy, Patricia E Miller, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who undergo periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) often have labral tears. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare PAO alone with PAO combined with arthrotomy or arthroscopy in DDH patients who had a full-thickness labral tear on magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 47 hips in the PAO group (PAO) were compared with 60 hips in the PAO with concomitant arthrotomy or arthroscopy (PAO-A) with respect to Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), clinical and radiographic outcomes at a median of 29 months...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419470/occupation-physical-workload-factors-and-disability-retirement-as-a-result-of-hip-osteoarthritis-in-finland-2005-2013
#13
Svetlana Solovieva, Tea Kontio, Eira Viikari-Juntura
OBJECTIVE: To identify occupations with a high risk of disability retirement as a result of hip osteoarthritis (OA), and to examine the effect of physical workload factors on the occupational differences in disability retirement. METHODS: A total of 1,135,654 (49.4% women) Finns aged 30-60 years in gainful employment were followed from 2005 to 2013 for full disability retirement as a result of hip OA. Information on pensions, occupation, and education were obtained from national registers...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417324/radiological-severity-of-hip-osteoarthritis-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity-the-effect-on-spinopelvic-and-lower-extremity-compensatory-mechanisms
#14
Louis M Day, Edward M DelSole, Bryan M Beaubrun, Peter L Zhou, John Y Moon, Jared C Tishelman, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Aaron J Buckland
PURPOSE: Sagittal spinal deformity (SSD) patients utilize pelvic tilt (PT) and their lower extremities in order to compensate for malalignment. This study examines the effect of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on compensatory mechanisms in SSD patients. METHODS: Patients ≥ 18 years with SSD were included for analysis. Spinopelvic, lower extremity, and cervical alignment were assessed on standing full-body stereoradiographs. Hip OA severity was graded by Kellgren-Lawrence scale (0-4)...
February 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415458/alterations-of-subchondral-bone-progenitor-cells-in-human-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-lead-to-a-bone-sclerosis-phenotype
#15
Daniel Bianco, Atanas Todorov, Tomislav Čengić, Geert Pagenstert, Stefan Schären, Cordula Netzer, Thomas Hügle, Jeroen Geurts
Subchondral bone tissue plays a key role in the initiation and progression of human and experimental osteoarthritis and has received considerable interest as a treatment target. Elevated bone turnover and remodeling leads to subchondral bone sclerosis that is characterized by an increase in bone material that is less mineralized. The aim of this study was to investigate whether perturbations in subchondral bone-resident progenitor cells might play a role in aberrant bone formation in osteoarthritis. Colony formation assays indicated similar clonogenicity of progenitor cells from non-sclerotic and sclerotic subchondral trabecular bone tissues of osteoarthritic knee and hip joints compared with controls from iliac crest bone...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413192/editorial-commentary-can-we-achieve-personalized-risk-assessment-in-hip-arthroscopy
#16
EDITORIAL
Thomas Parker Vail
Gender, age, obesity, osteoarthritis, absence of labral repair, and index procedure performed by a lower volume surgeon were identified as risk factors for reoperation in a statewide study of hip arthroscopy. Although this analysis is helpful for benchmarking expectations for outcome in hip arthroscopy, unaccounted patient variables in the database could significantly complicate and confound the point of care application of the findings.
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408538/lower-quadriceps-rate-of-force-development-is-associated-with-worsening-physical-function-in-adults-with-or-at-risk-for-knee-osteoarthritis-36-month-follow-up-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#17
Bo Hu, Søren Thorgaard Skou, Barton L Wise, Glenn N Williams, Michael C Nevitt, Neil A Segal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between quadriceps rate of force development (RFD) and decline in self-reported physical function and objective measures of physical performance. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study SETTING: Community-based sample from 4 urban areas PARTICIPANTS: Osteoarthritis Initiative participants with or at risk for knee OA, who had no history of knee/hip replacement, knee injury, or rheumatoid arthritis (N=2630)...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407516/pre-operative-risk-factors-for-postoperative-falls-in-persons-with-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-longitudinal-study-of-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#18
Daniel L Riddle, Gregory J Golladay
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose was to identify preoperative risk factors associated with post-hospitalization falls over an approximate 2-year postoperative period in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: The study utilized a longitudinal cohort design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from communities surrounding four urban university-based medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: All participants underwent hip or knee arthroplasty over a 9-year study period and were followed yearly in the Osteoarthritis Initiative study...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406812/femoroacetabular-impingement-a-common-cause-of-hip-pain
#19
Travis J Menge, Nathan W Truex
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common cause of hip pain that can affect a wide range of patients. It is due to altered bony morphology of the proximal femur and acetabulum, resulting in decreased function and progression to early osteoarthritis. Until the early 2000s, little was known or understood about the significance of FAI as a clinical entity. The field of hip preservation has grown exponentially since that time, and has led to many advances in caring for those with symptomatic impingement. This review details the early diagnosis and proper management of femoroacetabular impingement for the sports medicine practitioner...
February 6, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406450/feedback-to-patients-about-patient-reported-outcomes-does-not-improve-empowerment-or-satisfaction
#20
Lisette Ackermans, Michiel G Hageman, A H Bos, Daniel Haverkamp, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Rudolf W Poolman
BACKGROUND: Although patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are helpful to define whether an intervention has improved a patient's status in ways the patient feels are important, they may also serve an empowering educational role; specifically, sharing a patient's scores might help the patient understand his or her progress during treatment. However, whether sharing PROM scores in this way improves the sense of empowerment or satisfaction with the process of care has not been well explored...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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