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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914183/interphalangeal-joint-sonography-of-symptomatic-hand-osteoarthritis-clinical-and-functional-correlation
#1
Natalia de Oliva Spolidoro Paschoal, Jamil Natour, Flavia S Machado, Hilda Alcântara Veiga de Oliveira, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between inflammatory sonographic findings (grayscale synovial hypertrophy and power Doppler) and clinical and functional assessments in hand osteoarthritis (symptomatic interphalangeal joints) and to correlate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of these findings. METHODS: A prospective double-blind study of 60 interphalangeal joints was conducted. The joints were assessed 6 times per year by clinician and sonographer observers...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914110/physical-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-non-ulcerated-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#2
REVIEW
Diego N Araujo, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Alvaro Cc Maciel, Selma S Bruno, Guilherme Af Fregonezi, Fernando Al Dias
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common disease that causes discomfort and impairs the quality of life of affected persons. Treatments such as physical exercise that aim to increase the movement of the ankle joint and strengthen the muscle pump in the calf of the leg may be useful to reduce the symptoms of CVI. OBJECTIVES: To assess and summarise the existing clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of physical exercise programmes for the treatment of individuals with non-ulcerated CVI...
December 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913971/myofunctional-therapy-improves-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#3
Giovana Diaféria, Rogerio Santos-Silva, Eveli Truksinas, Fernanda L M Haddad, Renata Santos, Silvana Bommarito, Luiz C Gregório, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated myofunctional therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of myofunctional therapy on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence. METHODS: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01289405). Male patients with OSAS were randomly divided into four treatment groups: placebo, patients undergoing placebo myofunctional therapy (N = 24); myofunctional therapy, undergoing myofunctional therapy (N = 27); CPAP, undergoing treatment with CPAP (N = 27); and combined, undergoing CPAP therapy and myofunctional therapy (N = 22)...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913961/prediction-of-postoperative-clinical-recovery-of-drop-foot-attributable-to-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-via-a-bayesian-network
#4
Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
BACKGROUND: Drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases can impair activities of daily living. Therefore, predictors of recovery of this symptom have been investigated using univariate or/and multivariate analyses. However, the conclusions have been somewhat controversial. Bayesian network models, which are graphic and intuitive to the clinician, may facilitate understanding of the prognosis of drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To show a layered correlation among predictors of recovery from drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases; and (2) to develop support tools for clinical decisions to treat drop foot resulting from lumbar degenerative diseases...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#5
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913821/theobromine-upregulates-osteogenesis-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-accelerates-bone-development-in-rats
#6
Bret H Clough, Joni Ylostalo, Elizabeth Browder, Eoin P McNeill, Thomas J Bartosh, H Ralph Rawls, Tetsuo Nakamoto, Carl A Gregory
Theobromine (THB) is one of the major xanthine-like alkaloids found in cacao plant and a variety of other foodstuffs such as tea leaves, guarana and cola nuts. Historically, THB and its derivatives have been utilized to treat cardiac and circulatory disorders, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, proteinuria and as an immune-modulator. Our previous work demonstrated that THB has the capacity to improve the formation of hydroxyl-apatite during tooth development, suggesting that it may also enhance skeletal development...
December 2, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913813/-rehabilitation-after-hip-and-knee-endoprosthetic-treatment-in-the-elderly
#7
H Bork
Due to current demographic developments with a continuous increase in average life expectancy and improved medical treatment, the number of elderly patients with joint replacement of the lower extremities also has increased in recent years. Most of these patients have not only one but several chronic diseases requiring treatment and medication. Drug-drug interaction and functional restrictions of the elderly additionally reduce the postoperative psychophysical capacity; therefore, special knowledge in rehabilitative treatment and pain management is necessary...
December 2, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913690/self-reported-visual-impairment-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-the-hunt-study
#8
Audun Brunes, W Dana Flanders, Liv Berit Augestad
AIMS: To examine the associations of self-reported visual impairment and physical activity (PA) with all-cause mortality. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 65,236 Norwegians aged ⩾20 years who had participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT2, 1995-1997). Of these participants, 11,074 (17.0%) had self-reported visual impairment (SRVI). The participants' data were linked to Norway's Cause of Death Registry and followed throughout 2012. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were assessed using Cox regression analyses with age as the time-scale...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913590/control-of-spike-transfer-at-hippocampal-mossy-fiber-synapses-in-vivo-by-gabaa-and-gabab-receptor-mediated-inhibition
#9
Stefano Zucca, Marilena Griguoli, Meryl Malézieux, Noëlle Grosjean, Mario Carta, Christophe Mulle
: Despite extensive studies in hippocampal slices and incentive from computational theories, the synaptic mechanisms underlying information transfer at mossy fiber (mf) connections between the dentate gyrus (DG) and CA3 neurons in vivo are still elusive. Here we used an optogenetic approach in mice to selectively target and control the activity of DG granule cells (GCs) while performing whole cell and juxtacellular recordings of CA3 neurons in vivo In CA3 pyramidal cells (PCs), mf-CA3 synaptic responses consisted predominantly of an inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) at low stimulation frequency (0...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913559/physical-activity-as-intervention-for-age-related-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-function-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-lisa-study
#10
Christian Skou Eriksen, Ellen Garde, Nina Linde Reislev, Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Theresa Bieler, Andreas Kraag Ziegler, Anne Theil Gylling, Kasper Juel Dideriksen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Michael Kjaer
INTRODUCTION: Physical and cognitive function decline with age, accelerating during the 6th decade. Loss of muscle power (force×velocity product) is a dominant physical determinant for loss of functional ability, especially if the lower extremities are affected. Muscle strength training is known to maintain or even improve muscle power as well as physical function in older adults, but the optimal type of training for beneficial long-term training effects over several years is unknown...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913339/a-parametric-study-for-the-design-of-an-optimized-ultrasonic-percussive-planetary-drill-tool
#11
Xuan Li, Patrick Harkness, Kevin Worrall, Ryan Timoney, Margaret Lucas
Traditional rotary drilling for planetary rock sampling, in-situ analysis and sample return, is challenging because the axial force and holding torque requirements are not necessarily compatible with lightweight spacecraft architectures in low-gravity environments. This article seeks to optimize an ultrasonic-percussive drill tool to achieve rock penetration with lower reacted force requirements, with a strategic view towards building an Ultrasonic Planetary Core Drill (UPCD) device. The UPCD is a descendant of the Ultrasonic/Sonic Driller/Corer (USDC) technique...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913177/effect-of-trunnion-roughness-and-length-on-the-modular-taper-junction-strength-under-typical-intraoperative-assembly-forces
#12
S Y Jauch-Matt, A W Miles, H S Gill
Modular hip implants are at risk of fretting-induced postoperative complications most likely initiated by micromotion between adjacent implant components. A stable fixation between ball head and stem-neck taper is critical to avoid excessive interface motions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the effect of trunnion roughness and length on the modular taper strength under typical intraoperative assembly forces. Custom-made Titanium trunnions (standard/mini taper, smooth/grooved surface finish) were assembled with modular Cobalt-chromium heads by impaction with peak forces ranging from 2kN to 6kN...
November 29, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913176/rotary-ultrasonic-bone-drilling-improved-pullout-strength-and-reduced-damage
#13
Vishal Gupta, Pulak M Pandey, Vadim V Silberschmidt
Bone drilling is one of the most common operations used to repair fractured parts of bones. During a bone drilling process, microcracks are generated on the inner surface of the drilled holes that can detrimentally affect osteosynthesis and healing. This study focuses on the investigation of microcracks and pullout strength of cortical-bone screws in drilled holes. It compares conventional surgical bone drilling (CSBD) with rotary ultrasonic bone drilling (RUBD), a novel approach employing ultrasonic vibration with a diamond-coated hollow tool...
November 29, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913018/potential-impact-of-flowback-water-from-hydraulic-fracturing-on-agricultural-soil-quality-metal-metalloid-bioaccessibility-microtox-bioassay-and-enzyme-activities
#14
Season S Chen, Yuqing Sun, Daniel C W Tsang, Nigel J D Graham, Yong Sik Ok, Yujie Feng, Xiang-Dong Li
Hydraulic fracturing has advanced the development of shale gas extraction, while inadvertent spills of flowback water may pose a risk to the surrounding environment due to its high salt content, metals/metalloids (As, Se, Fe and Sr), and organic additives. This study investigated the potential impact of flowback water on four representative soils from shale gas regions in Northeast China using synthetic flowback solutions. The compositions of the solutions were representative of flowback water arising at different stages after fracturing well establishment...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913014/characterizations-of-atmospheric-particulate-bound-mercury-in-the-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal-south-asia
#15
Junming Guo, Shichang Kang, Jie Huang, Qianggong Zhang, Maheswar Rupakheti, Shiwei Sun, Lekhendra Tripathee, Dipesh Rupakheti, Arnico K Panday, Mika Sillanpää, Rukumesh Paudyal
The Kathmandu Valley, located in the Himalayan foothills in Nepal, is heavily polluted. In order to investigate ambient particulate-bound mercury (Hg) in the Kathmandu Valley, a total 64 total suspended particulates (TSP) samples were collected from a sub-urban site in the Kathmandu Valley, the capital region of Nepal during a sampling period of an entire year (April 2013-April 2014). They were analyzed for ambient particulate-bound Hg (PBM) using thermal desorption combined with cold vapor atomic spectroscopy...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#16
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912956/further-comments-on-some-core-arguments-from-a-discussion-about-is-traditional-chinese-medicine-really-relevant
#18
Xiao Ye
A discussion on "Is traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) really relevant?" was held in the University College London (UCL) on the afternoon of 31st March, 2015. The author summarized some core viewpoints of the participants and then tried to focus on the opponent's opinions to clear up the arguments by illustrating respects of history, knowledge learning process, evidence based medicine (EBM) and strengths of TCM. This article will propose that the human health is extremely delicate and complicated and that no system of medicine can resolve all the problems of the human body...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912940/panax-ginseng-and-salvia-miltiorrhiza-supplementation-during-eccentric-resistance-training-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-control-trial
#19
Hsin-Fu Lin, Chun-Chung Chou, Hsiao-Han Chao, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Muscle damage induced by an acute bout of eccentric exercise results in transient arterial stiffening. In this study, we sought to determine the effects of progressive eccentric resistance exercise training on vascular functions, and whether herb supplementation would enhance training adaptation by ameliorating the arterial stiffening effects. METHODS: By using a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled design, older adults were randomly assigned to either the Panax ginseng and Salvia miltiorrhiza supplementation group (N=12) or the placebo group (N=11)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912246/ecoinformatics-big-data-for-agricultural-entomology-pitfalls-progress-and-promise
#20
Jay A Rosenheim, Claudio Gratton
Ecoinformatics, as defined in this review, is the use of preexisting data sets to address questions in ecology. We provide the first review of ecoinformatics methods in agricultural entomology. Ecoinformatics methods have been used to address the full range of questions studied by agricultural entomologists, enabled by the special opportunities associated with data sets, nearly all of which have been observational, that are larger and more diverse and that embrace larger spatial and temporal scales than most experimental studies do...
November 28, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
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