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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938256/chronic-q-fever-infections-in-israeli-children-a-25-year-nationwide-study
#1
Nimrod Sachs, Yafit Atiya-Nasagi, Adi Beth-Din, Itzhak Levy, Shalom Ben-Shimol, Diana Tasher, Galia Grisaru-Soen, Haleema Dabaja, Imad Kassis, Shiri Spilman, Efraim Bilavsky
BACKGROUND: Q fever is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) with a worldwide distribution. Our aim was to assess the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and treatment regimens of chronic Q fever infections in Israeli children during the past 25 years. METHODS: Cases were collected from the national Q fever reference laboratory database. Demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical data were reviewed using a structured questionnaire sent to the referring physician...
September 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902268/cystic-echinococcosis-in-south-america-a-call-for-action
#2
Carlos F Pavletic, Edmundo Larrieu, Eduardo A Guarnera, Natalia Casas, Pilar Irabedra, Ciro Ferreira, Julio Sayes, Cesar M Gavidia, Eduardo Caldas, Michael Laurence Zini Lise, Melody Maxwell, Marcos Arezo, Ana Maria Navarro, Marco A N Vigilato, Ottorino Cosivi, Marcos Espinal, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis, a parasitic zoonosis caused by a cestode of the family Taeniidae, species Echinococcus granulosus, is endemic in Argentina, Chile, Peru, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. This report presents CE figures for these five countries in 2009 - 2014 and proposes indicators to measure national control programs. Nearly 5 000 new CE cases were diagnosed annually in the five countries during the study period. The average case fatality rate was 2.9%, which suggests that CE led to approximately 880 deaths in these countries during the 6-year period...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843417/evaluation-of-primitive-ground-water-supplies-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-major-waterborne-zoonosis-in-egyptian-children-living-in-rural-areas
#3
Hassan A Elfadaly, Nawal A Hassanain, Mohey A Hassanain, Ashraf M Barakat, Raafat M Shaapan
BACKGROUND: Endemic waterborne zoonosis frequently occurs in both developed and less developed countries. Thus, bio-surveillance of waterborne zoonosis is a "necessity" for the implementation of effective preventive public health measures in Egyptian rural areas. The primitive individual water supplies created by the rural agriculture population, primarily from ground water, usually maximize the customers' exposure to impurity pathogens via diffused humans and animal excreta or wastages...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681315/management-of-lyme-disease-in-european-children-a-review-for-practical-purpose
#4
REVIEW
Matteo D'Alessandro, Anna Loy, Elio Castagnola
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lyme disease is a tick-borne zoonosis transmitted through a bite of a tick carrying a spirochete belonging to Borrelia species. In the last 20 years, the reported incidence of Lyme disease is increased by three times in Europe. Clinically, the illness develops through a primary stage with a typical skin rash (erythema marginatum), then a secondary stage with possible neurologic or cardiac involvement. The last stage (chronic Lyme disease) is mainly represented by arthritis or late neurological complications but nowadays is rarely seen due to precocious antibiotic use...
August 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578732/thirty-years-of-human-infections-caused-by-yersinia-enterocolitica-in-northern-spain-1985-2014
#5
J M Marimon, R Figueroa, P Idigoras, M Gomariz, M Alkorta, G Cilla, E Pérez-Trallero
Yersinia enterocolitica infection is a zoonosis with worldwide distribution, gastroenteritis being by far the most common clinical manifestation of human infection. In Gipuzkoa, northern Spain, human Y. enterocolitica infections increased from the mid-1980s to the beginning of the 21st century (from 7·9 to 23·2 annual episodes per 100 000 population) to decrease to 7·2 annual episodes per 100 000 population in the last years of the study. The hospital admission rate due to yersiniosis during the last 15 years of the study was 7·3%...
August 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299201/lyssaviruses-and-rabies-current-conundrums-concerns-contradictions-and-controversies
#6
REVIEW
Charles Rupprecht, Ivan Kuzmin, Francois Meslin
Lyssaviruses are bullet-shaped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses and the causative agents of the ancient zoonosis rabies. Africa is the likely home to the ancestors of taxa residing within the Genus Lyssavirus, Family Rhabdoviridae. Diverse lyssaviruses are envisioned as co-evolving with bats, as the ultimate reservoirs, over seemingly millions of years. In terms of relative distribution, overt abundance, and resulting progeny, rabies virus is the most successful lyssavirus species today, but for unknown reasons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221822/clinical-characteristics-and-spatial-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-an-emerging-focus-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil
#7
Patricia Rodrigues Naufal Spir, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Elivelton Silva Fonseca, Aline Dayse, Rogério Giuffrida, Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D'Andrea
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonosis, and Brazil harbors about 90% of those infected in Latin America. Since 1998, the disease has been spreading quickly in São Paulo state, and the western region is considered an emerging focus of VL in Brazil. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and spatial distribution of VL in children referred to a public tertiary hospital located in the western region of São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: Medical records of children up to 18 years of age who were diagnosed with VL between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed...
March 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893948/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxocara-canis-infection-in-serbia-during-2015
#8
Simona Gabrielli, Suzana Tasić-Otašević, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Maurizio Fraulo, Marija Trenkić-Božinović, Stefan Momčilović, Gabriella Cancrini
We report data on the Toxocara seroprevalence evidenced in 2015 from samples of 40 children and 298 adults of the population living in different areas of Serbia, and on possible association of certain variables with infection. Detection of specific antibodies was performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; all ambiguous results and part of the positive and negative sera were further analyzed by confirmatory Western blot test. An overall 23.5% seroprevalence was noticed, which was confirmed in 13.0% of the examined population with no significant difference regarding the age (children = 10...
January 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880753/notes-from-the-field-community-based-prevention-of-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-sonora-mexico-2016
#9
Anne Straily, Naomi Drexler, Denica Cruz-Loustaunau, Christopher D Paddock, Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), a life-threatening tickborne zoonosis caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, is a reemerging disease in Mexico (1,2). R. rickettsii is an intracellular bacterium that infects vascular endothelium and can cause multisystem organ failure and death in the absence of timely administration of a tetracycline-class antibiotic, typically doxycycline. Epidemic RMSF, as described in parts of Arizona and Mexico, is associated with massive local infestations of the brown dog tick (Rhiphicephalus sanguineus sensu lato) on domestic dogs and in peridomestic settings that result in high rates of human exposure; for example, during 2003-2012, in Arizona the incidence of RMSF in the three most highly affected communities was 150 times the U...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783372/-twelve-cases-of-monkeypox-virus-outbreak-in-bangassou-district-central-african-republic-in-december-2015
#10
E Kalthan, J P Dondo-Fongbia, S Yambele, L R Dieu-Creer, R Zepio, C M Pamatika
An outbreak of monkeypox occurred in the district of Bangassou in 2015. The monkeypox is a re-emerging zoonosis of viral origin highly contagious. It is an eruptive fever which evolves in an epidemic manner. An investigation was held December 10, 2015, to February 10, 2016 in the focus of the epidemic. Its objective was to describe the epidemic according to the time, places and people and to determine the incidence and lethality of the disease. This was a descriptive study. The data collection was made by interview and using a linear plug composed of several sections...
December 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760094/-ocular-toxocariasis-in-a-boy-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Agnieszka Antonowicz, Piotr Skrzypczyk, Beata Kępa, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Toxocariasis is a common zoonosis caused by infection with Toxocara canis or cati larvae. Ocular toxocariasis is one of the forms of infestation found in 1/1,000 - 1/10,000 children. Children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) are at high risk of infections, also parasitic infestations, which can, in turn, cause relapses of the disease. A CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 6-year-old boy with steroiddependent nephrotic syndrome. The disease started at age of 2, the boy had 9 relapses of INS, and was treated with oral prednisone, levamisole, and cyclophosphamide...
October 19, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598022/role-of-whole-body-mr-with-dwibs-in-child-s-bartonellosis
#12
E Rossi, A Perrone, D Narese, M Cangelosi, S Sollai, A Semeraro, M Mortilla, C Defilippi
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonosis in children, result of infection by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacillus. Infection is generally characterized by regional and self-limited lymphadenopathy after exposure to a scratch or bite from a cat. Rarely, B. henselae is cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO), with dissemination to various organs, most often involving the reticuloendothelial system (liver, spleen, bone marrow), mimicking an inflammatory rather than a lymphoproliferative disease. Whole-body Magnetic Resonance Imaging (WBMRI), in association with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWIBS), allows a comprehensive evaluation of pediatric patients, without the risks inherent to ionizing radiation...
July 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369573/why-pigs-are-free-roaming-communities-perceptions-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-pig-management-and-taeniosis-cysticercosis-in-a-taenia-solium-endemic-rural-area-in-eastern-zambia
#13
Séverine Thys, Kabemba E Mwape, Pierre Lefèvre, Pierre Dorny, Andrew M Phiri, Tanguy Marcotty, Isaac K Phiri, Sarah Gabriël
Taenia solium cysticercosis is a neglected parasitic zoonosis in many developing countries including Zambia. Studies in Africa have shown that the underuse of sanitary facilities and the widespread occurrence of free-roaming pigs are the major risk factors for porcine cysticercosis. Socio-cultural determinants related to free range pig management and their implications for control of T. solium remain unclear. The study objective was to assess the communities' perceptions, reported practices and knowledge regarding management of pigs and taeniosis/cysticercosis (including neurocysticercosis) in an endemic rural area in Eastern Zambia, and to identify possible barriers to pig related control measures such as pig confinement...
July 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136631/two-small-yellowish-papules-in-a-1-year-old-boy-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#14
Lucero Noguera-Morel, Daniel Azorin, Georgios Xirotagaros
UNLABELLED: Cutaneous leishma iasis (CL) is zoonosis with a spectrum of cutaneous manifestations caused by protozoan parasites of thegenus Leishmania.Manifestation varies according to the parasite virulence and the host immune response. Pentavalent antimonials (sodium stibogluconate and meglumine antimoniate) have been used as a first-line therapy for the last 70 years around the world.We report a case of a 1-year-old boy with two small yellowish papules mimicking juvenile xantogranuloma diagnosed with cutaneous leishmaniasis after a biopsy...
March 16, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557523/scrub-typhus-seroprevalence-in-healthy-indian-population
#15
Mallika Sengupta, Shalini Anandan, Dolly Daniel, John Antony Jude Prakash
Scrub typhus, a zoonosis caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is an important cause of acute febrile illness in India. This preliminary study determines the seroprevalence of scrub typhus in healthy Indian adults by measuring IgM and IgG antibodies to scrub typhus by ELISA in 100 healthy blood donors. Our study demonstrates a 15% seroprevalence of scrub typhus in adults. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings especially in children.
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26505549/immunodiagnostic-approaches-for-the-detection-of-human-toxocarosis
#16
Vojtech Boldiš, František Ondriska, Eva Špitalská, Katarína Reiterová
Human toxocarosis is an important zoonosis caused by larvae of Toxocara canis/cati. The objective was to evaluate the role of IgG anti-Toxocara antibody detection and the specific IgG avidity in diagnostics of human toxocarosis. Anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies and IgG avidity were evaluated by excretory-secretory (ES)-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The IgG anti-Toxocara seroprevalence in people (n = 7678) from western Slovakia was 15.3% and found to be highest in the oldest age groups. The presence of low- IgG avidity in 179 suspected patients for toxocarosis was evaluated in relation to sex, age, IgG antibody levels, eosinophilia, increased total IgE, domicile, geophagia, dog/cat ownership, anamnesis...
December 2015: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26437698/hazards-for-women-and-children-in-rural-settings
#17
Ana I Molineri, Marcelo L Signorini-Porchietto, Héctor D Tarabla
OBJECTIVES: a) To identify possible risk factors associated with rural accidents in women, b) to describe women's knowledge about zoonosis, c) to describe women's risk perception about farming, d) to describe mothers' risk perception about children's activities in rural settings, e) to estimate the initial age of exposure to the rural setting and its dangers, and f) to identify possible risk factors associated with rural accidents in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional design...
January 2015: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26420502/structural-basis-of-glycan-specificity-in-neonate-specific-bovine-human-reassortant-rotavirus
#18
Liya Hu, Sasirekha Ramani, Rita Czako, Banumathi Sankaran, Ying Yu, David F Smith, Richard D Cummings, Mary K Estes, B V Venkataram Prasad
Strain-dependent variation of glycan recognition during initial cell attachment of viruses is a critical determinant of host specificity, tissue-tropism and zoonosis. Rotaviruses (RVs), which cause life-threatening gastroenteritis in infants and children, display significant genotype-dependent variations in glycan recognition resulting from sequence alterations in the VP8* domain of the spike protein VP4. The structural basis of this genotype-dependent glycan specificity, particularly in human RVs, remains poorly understood...
September 30, 2015: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26108007/spatial-analysis-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-the-municipality-of-rondon%C3%A3-polis-in-the-brazilian-state-of-mato-grosso-from-2003-to-2012-human-canine-and-vector-distribution-in-areas-of-disease-transmission
#19
Alexander Gonçalves Ferreira Guimarães, Gustavo Benedito Medeiros Alves, Anita de Moura Pessoa, Nelson Jorge da Silva Junior
INTRODUCTION: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis of great importance to public health and is considered a neglected disease by the World Health Organization. The disease has expanded and become more prevalent in urban areas in Brazil. METHODS: Geospatial analyses were performed and thematic maps of the triad of the disease were produced for the study period (2003-2012) in the urban area of the municipality of Rondonópolis in the midwestern State of Mato Grosso (MT), Brazil, TerraView 4...
May 2015: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25913157/genomic-characterization-of-uncommon-human-g3p-6-rotavirus-strains-causing-diarrhea-in-children-in-italy-in-2009
#20
Giovanni Ianiro, Roberto Delogu, Lucia Fiore, Franco M Ruggeri
Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children, causing up to 450,000 deaths worldwide, mostly in developing countries. Most of RVA human infections in developed countries are related to five major G/P combinations: G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], G4P[8] and G9P[8]. During the surveillance activity of RotaNet-Italy, three uncommon G3P[6] RVA strains, designated as RVA/Human-wt/ITA/NA01/2009/G3P[6], RVA/Human-wt/ITA/NA06/2009/G3P[6], and RVA/Human-wt/ITA/NA19/2009/G3P[6], were identified in the stools of children with diarrhea hospitalized in Southern Italy in 2009...
July 2015: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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