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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679872/maize-productivity-heavy-metals-uptake-and-their-availability-in-contaminated-clay-and-sandy-alkaline-soils-as-affected-by-inorganic-and-organic-amendments
#1
Mahmoud F Seleiman, Ahmed M S Kheir
Contamination of arid and semi-arid ecosystems by toxic heavy metals is a serious concern due to its impact on growth and productivity of crop and health risk through food chain. Therefore, the aims of this investigation were to study the impact of inorganic (i.e. nano hydroxyapatite, NHA and polyacrylamide, PAM) and organic (i.e. sugar beet factory lime, SBFL and biochar, BI) soil amendments on maize productivity grown in contaminated silty clay (i.e. fluvial, lacustrine) and sandy (i.e. marine) alkaline soils...
April 15, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679825/technologies-for-the-management-of-msw-incineration-ashes-from-gas-cleaning-new-perspectives-on-recovery-of-secondary-raw-materials-and-circular-economy
#2
REVIEW
Margarida J Quina, Elza Bontempi, Anna Bogush, Stefan Schlumberger, Gisela Weibel, Roberto Braga, Valerio Funari, Jiri Hyks, Erik Rasmussen, Jakob Lederer
Environmental policies in the European Union focus on the prevention of hazardous waste and aim to mitigate its impact on human health and ecosystems. However, progress is promoting a shift in perspective from environmental impacts to resource recovery. Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) has been increasing in developed countries, thus the amount of air pollution control residues (APCr) and fly ashes (FA) have followed the same upward trend. APCr from MSWI is classified as hazardous waste in the List of Waste (LoW) and as an absolute entry (19 01 07*), but FA may be classified as a mirror entry (19 0 13*/19 01 14)...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679624/perspectives-on-diagnostic-strategies-for-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-dealing-with-the-barriers-and-challenges-in-china
#3
Yumei Wei, Huixia Yang
Hyperglycemia is one of the most common medical conditions women encounter during pregnancy. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy (HIP) is an issue of increasing concern to both obstetricians and administrators and it brings health issues for both mothers and offspring, not only early complications, but also long-term effects. HIP may either have been pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM), or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). After two-child policy fully carried out in China, the incidence of HIP would be increased further...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679598/sleep-in-women-across-the-lifespan
#4
REVIEW
Martino Pengo, Christine Won, Ghada Bourjeily
There are many ways in which women experience sleep differently than men. Women contend with distinct sleep challenges, respond differently to sleep disorders, sleep deprivation and deficiency, and face particular health outcomes as a result of poor sleep. Idiosyncrasies - including changes that occur with the biological life cycles of menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause- make the understanding of sleep in women an important topic to study. Each phase of a woman's life, from childhood to menopause, increases the risk of sleep disturbance in unique ways that may require distinct management...
April 18, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679359/the-impact-of-national-policies-on-animal-disease-reporting-within-selected-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-picts
#5
Andrew Tukana, Robert Hedlefs, Bruce Gummow
A semi-systematic literature review of national policies was carried out in relation to surveillance and disease reporting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It also analysed the animal disease reporting structures in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of those reporting structures were examined in relation to how they impacted the detection and management of animal diseases in PICTs. Field missions collected information on animal disease reporting structures and these were discussed in detail with country officials and documented...
April 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679303/do-the-sglt-2-inhibitors-offer-more-than-hypoglycemic-activity
#6
REVIEW
Eduardo Flores, Carlos G Santos-Gallego, Nely Diaz-Mejía, Juan Jose Badimon
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the USA; it affects approximately 10% of adults with up to one-quarter being undiagnosed. T2DM is associated with substantial cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. T2DM is a pathological condition characterized by elevated levels of glucose and associated with high CV risk. Traditional hypoglycemic drugs have demonstrated their capability for effective and maintained management of high glucose levels, but they have not significantly impacted on the incidence of CV events...
April 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679127/-basic-principles-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gliomas
#7
REVIEW
H-G Wirsching, T Weiss, P Roth, M Weller
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, gliomas were classified based on histopathological features alone. The revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the central nervous system from 2016 integrated molecular features into the histopathological diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To summarize key aspects of the WHO classification from 2016 and implications for the clinical management of glioma patients. An overview of novel treatment approaches is also provided...
April 20, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679023/interventions-for-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jade S Hiramoto, Martin Teraa, Gert J de Borst, Michael S Conte
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) of the lower extremities is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis that is increasing in global prevalence and in the associated public health costs. Ageing of the general population, combined with the pandemics of diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and tobacco use, is a major underlying factor. A broad range of care providers are involved in the management of patients with PAD, and all health-care professionals require familiarity with the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options for this common disease...
April 20, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678974/physical-activities-and-influencing-factors-among-public-health-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Miao-Ling Lin, Joh-Jong Huang, Hung-Yi Chuang, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Hsiu-Hung Wang
OBJECTIVES: Public health nurses are responsible for promoting and managing the health of community members, and if they do not have enough physical activity or ignore their own health, not only will their own health decline but the quality of life of the public will also be affected. This study investigated the physical activity of public health nurses and analysed the effects of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and behavioural intention to engage in physical activity...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678945/ers-ecdc-statement-european-union-standards-for-tuberculosis-care-2017-update
#10
G B Migliori, G Sotgiu, S Rosales-Klintz, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, I Abubakar, G Bothamley, J A Caminero, D M Cirillo, M Dara, G de Vries, S Aliberti, A T Dinh-Xuan, R Duarte, F Midulla, I Solovic, D Subotic, M Amicosante, A M Correira, A Cirule, G Gualano, H Kunst, F Palmieri, V Riekstina, S Tiberi, R Verduin, M J van der Werf
The International Standards for Tuberculosis (TB) Care define the essential level of care for managing patients who have or are presumed to have TB, or are at increased risk of developing the disease. The resources and capacity in the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU/EEA) permit higher standards of care to secure quality and timely TB diagnosis, prevention and treatment. On this basis, the European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC) were published in 2012 as standards specifically tailored to the EU-setting...
April 20, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678866/gaps-in-guidelines-for-the-management-of-diabetes-in-low-and-middle-income-versus-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mayowa O Owolabi, Joseph O Yaria, Meena Daivadanam, Akintomiwa I Makanjuola, Gary Parker, Brian Oldenburg, Rajesh Vedanthan, Shane Norris, Ayodele R Oguntoye, Morenike A Osundina, Omarys Herasme, Sulaiman Lakoh, Luqman O Ogunjimi, Sarah E Abraham, Paul Olowoyo, Carolyn Jenkins, Wuwei Feng, Hernán Bayona, Sailesh Mohan, Rohina Joshi, Ruth Webster, Andre P Kengne, Antigona Trofor, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Devarsetty Praveen, Jessica H Zafra-Tanaka, Maria Lazo-Porras, Kirsten Bobrow, Michaela A Riddell, Konstantinos Makrilakis, Yannis Manios, Bruce Ovbiagele
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which diabetes (DM) practice guidelines, often based on evidence from high-income countries (HIC), can be implemented to improve outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is a critical challenge. We carried out a systematic review to compare type 2 DM guidelines in individual LMIC versus HIC over the past decade to identify aspects that could be improved to facilitate implementation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Eligible guidelines were sought from online databases and websites of diabetes associations and ministries of health...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678805/mobile-health-to-maintain-continuity-of-patient-centered-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-content-analysis-of-apps
#12
Ying-Li Lee, Yan-Yan Cui, Ming-Hsiang Tu, Yu-Chi Chen, Polun Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a high economic burden, which is particularly prevalent in Taiwan. Mobile health apps have been widely used to maintain continuity of patient care for various chronic diseases. To slow the progression of CKD, continuity of care is vital for patients' self-management and cooperation with health care professionals. However, the literature provides a limited understanding of the use of mobile health apps to maintain continuity of patient-centered care for CKD...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#13
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678705/hypophysitis-due-to-paranasal-sinusitis-a-neurosurgical-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#14
El Faith Bashir El Malik, Branavan Manoranjan, Olufemi Ajani, Ahmed Zidan
BACKGROUND: and Importance: Sinusitis is a common clinical condition but sphenoid sinusitis is a less common form and even rarer is hypophysitis as a complication of the latter. Clinically, hypophysitis may mimic a pituitary neoplasm in presenting with mass effect and pituitary hormone dysfunction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present five cases of sinusitis-related hypophysitis treated at the Royal Care International Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan. Clinical symptoms at presentation included: headache, fever, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia and history of sinusitis with running nose (nasal discharge)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678607/association-between-hypertension-and-metabolic-disorders-among-elderly-patients-in-north-jordan
#15
Nuha Alwardat, Laura Di Renzo, Renata Costa de Miranda, Sofian Alwardat, Paola Sinibaldi Salimei, Antonino De Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, accounting for the highest morbidity and mortality among the elderly Jordanian population. This study aimed to evaluate serum lipid and glucose profiles of hypertensive patients and normotensive controls, and determine the risk factors for HTN among elderly population in Jordan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 participants, including 111 hypertensive patients and 89 normotensive controls from June to October 2017 in North Jordan...
April 12, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678491/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-an-inflammatory-systemic-lifestyle-endocrinopathy
#16
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder, afflicting females of reproductive age. This syndrome leads to infertility, apart from a gamut of other metabolic co-morbidities such as insulin resistance, obesity, cardiovascular problems, including a litany of other health issues. PCOS is a polygenic, polyfactorial, systemic, inflammatory, dysregulated steroid state, autoimmune disease, manifesting largely due to lifestyle errors. The advent of biochemical tests and ultrasound scanning has enabled the detection of PCOS in the affected females...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678413/patient-access-to-medicines-in-two-countries-with-similar-health-systems-and-differing-medicines-policies-implications-from-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678410/health-literacy-in-children-with-asthma-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Yu-Fen Tzeng, Bor-Luen Chiang, Yu-Hsia Chen, Bih-Shya Gau
Health literacy (HL) is a key factor influencing asthma management outcomes and has primarily been focused on adult patients. The relationship between children's HL and asthma is unclear, and several research gaps are present in the direct assessment of children's HL. In this study, a systematic review of the relevant literature was conducted to elucidate the relationship between HL and asthma among children. An electronic database search was performed to obtain studies published between January 2005-August 2016...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678378/desquamative-gingivitis-clinical-findings-and-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Andrea D Maderal, Paul Lee Salisbury, Joseph L Jorizzo
Desquamative gingivitis is a clinical finding with several potential etiologies. Among the most common are oral lichen planus, cicatricial pemphigoid, and pemphigus vulgaris, though various other differential diagnoses exist. The presence of desquamative gingivitis often results in poor oral hygiene, which can have downstream consequences, including periodontitis and tooth loss. Though certain mucosal findings may be suggestive of a particular diagnosis, a thorough history, physical examination, and appropriate dermato- and immunopathologic assessment is necessary for narrowing this broad differential diagnosis...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678361/chikungunya-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#20
Pravin Amin, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Dilip R Karnad, Guy A Richards
Chikungunya is an arbovirus that is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito causing a febrile illness with periodic outbreaks in large parts of the world. In the last decade it has become a public health concern in a host of countries and has affected international tourists. In the vast majority of cases Chikungunya presents as an acute febrile illness, associated with rash, headache, myalgia and debilitating arthralgia or even polyarthritis. A small proportion of patients present atypically with nervous, ocular, renal, myocardial, respiratory and renal system involvement and may require ICU management...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
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