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Jaakko Henrik Leppäniemi, Kim Eiroma, Himadri Majumdar, Ari Alastalo
The inkjet-printing process of precursor solutions containing In-nitrate dissolved in 2-methoxyethanol is optimized using ethylene glycol as a co-solvent that allows the stabilization of the droplet formation, leading to a robust, repeatable printing process. The inkjet-printed precursor films are then converted to In2O3 semiconductors at flexible-substrate-compatible low-temperatures (150 - 200 °C) using combined far ultraviolet (FUV) exposure at ~160 nm and thermal treatment. The compositional nature of the precursor-to-metal oxide conversion is studied using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy that indicate that amorphous, high density (up to 5...
February 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dong Nyoung Heo, Han-Jun Kim, Yijae Lee, Min Heo, Sang Jin Lee, Donghyun Lee, Sun Hee Do, Soo Hyun Lee, Il Keun Kwon
Polyimide (PI)-based electrodes have been widely used as flexible biosensors in implantable device applications for recording biological signals. However, the long-term quality of neural signals obtained from PI-based nerve electrodes tends to decrease due to nerve damage by neural tissue compression, mechanical mismatch and insufficient fluid exchange between the neural tissue and electrodes. Here, we resolve these problems with a developed PI nanofiber (NF)-based nerve electrode for stable neural signal recording, which can be fabricated via electrospinning and inkjet printing...
February 14, 2017: ACS Nano
Xuan Cao, Fanqi Wu, Christian Lau, Yihang Liu, Qingzhou Liu, Chongwu Zhou
Semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes are ideal semiconductors for printed thin-film transistors due to their excellent electrical performance and intrinsic printability with solution-based deposition. However, limited by resolution and registration accuracy of current printing techniques, previously reported fully printed nanotube transistors had rather long channel lengths (>20 μm) and consequently low current-drive capabilities (<0.2 μA/μm). Here we report fully inkjet printed nanotube transistors with dramatically enhanced on-state current density of ∼4...
February 14, 2017: ACS Nano
Nobuhiro Kawatsuki, Ryosuke Fujii, Yu Fujioka, Satoshi Minami, Mizuho Kondo
The application of a top-coating of 4-methoxy cinnamic acid (MCA) onto a photo-inactive liquid crystalline polymeric films containing benzoic acid (BA) side groups (P6BAM) is shown to enable thermally stimulated, photoinduced reorientation of the polymer structure. Annealing the MCA-coated P6BAM films leads to H-bond formation between BA and MCA, which also effectively smooths film surface. Exposure to linearly polarized (LP) UV light initiates axis-selective photoreaction of the MCA groups; subsequent thermal treatment in the LC temperature range of P6BAM amplifies molecular reorientation of the BA side groups, while simultaneously eliminating the MCA molecules...
February 14, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Mirja Palo, Karin Kogermann, Ivo Laidmäe, Andres Meos, Maren Preis, Jyrki Heinämäki, Niklas Sandler
Printing technology has been shown to enable flexible fabrication of solid dosage forms for personalized drug therapy. Several methods can be applied for tailoring the properties of the printed pharmaceuticals. In this study, the use of electrospun fibrous substrates in the fabrication of inkjet-printed dosage forms was investigated. A single-drug formulation with lidocaine hydrochloride (LH) and a combination drug system containing LH and piroxicam (PRX) for oromucosal administration were prepared. The LH was deposited on the electrospun and cross-linked gelatin substrates by inkjet printing, whereas PRX was incorporated within the substrate fibers during electrospinning...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Rahim Esfandyarpour, Matthew J DiDonato, Yuxin Yang, Naside Gozde Durmus, James S Harris, Ronald W Davis
Isolation and characterization of rare cells and molecules from a heterogeneous population is of critical importance in diagnosis of common lethal diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and cancer. For the developing world, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics design must account for limited funds, modest public health infrastructure, and low power availability. To address these challenges, here we integrate microfluidics, electronics, and inkjet printing to build an ultra-low-cost, rapid, and miniaturized lab-on-a-chip (LOC) platform...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Haris M Ansari, Zhiyuan Niu, Chen Ge, Suliman A Dregia, Sheikh A Akbar
Spontaneous nanoripple formation on (110) surfaces of yttria-stabilized zirconia, YSZ-(110), is achieved by diffusional surface doping with rare-earth oxides. Periodic arrays of parallel nanobars separated by channels (period ∼100 nm) grow out of the dopant sources, covering relatively wide areas of the surface (∼10 μm). The nanobars mound up on the surface by diffusion, exhibiting morphological uniformity and alignment, with their long axis lying parallel to the [11̅0] direction in the YSZ-(110) surface...
February 9, 2017: ACS Nano
Edward Sisco, Marcela Najarro, Daniel Samarov, Jeffrey Lawrence
This work investigates the stability of trace (tens of nanograms) deposits of six explosives: erythritol tetranitrate (ETN), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and 2,4,6-trinitrophenylmethylnitramine (tetryl) to determine environmental stabilities and lifetimes of trace level materials. Explosives were inkjet printed directly onto substrates and exposed to one of seven environmental conditions (Laboratory, -4°C, 30°C, 47°C, 90% relative humidity, UV light, and ozone) up to 42 days...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
Bongjun Kim, Michael L Geier, Mark C Hersam, Ananth Dodabalapur
Ambipolar and p-type single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) thin-film transistors (TFTs) are reliably integrated into various complementary-like circuits on the same substrate by inkjet printing. We describe the fabrication and characteristics of inverters, ring oscillators, and NAND gates based on complementary-like circuits fabricated with such TFTs as building blocks. We also show that complementary-like circuits have potential use as chemical sensors in ambient conditions since changes to the TFT characteristics of the p-channel TFTs in the circuit alter the overall operating characteristics of the circuit...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
Daryl McManus, Sandra Vranic, Freddie Withers, Veronica Sanchez-Romaguera, Massimo Macucci, Huafeng Yang, Roberto Sorrentino, Khaled Parvez, Seok-Kyun Son, Giuseppe Iannaccone, Kostas Kostarelos, Gianluca Fiori, Cinzia Casiraghi
Exploiting the properties of two-dimensional crystals requires a mass production method able to produce heterostructures of arbitrary complexity on any substrate. Solution processing of graphene allows simple and low-cost techniques such as inkjet printing to be used for device fabrication. However, the available printable formulations are still far from ideal as they are either based on toxic solvents, have low concentration, or require time-consuming and expensive processing. In addition, none is suitable for thin-film heterostructure fabrication due to the re-mixing of different two-dimensional crystals leading to uncontrolled interfaces and poor device performance...
January 30, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
Van-Thai Tran, Yuefan Wei, Hongyi Yang, Zhaoyao Zhan, Hejun Du
Fabrication of small-sized patterns of inorganic semiconductor onto flexible substrates is a major concern when manufacturing wearable devices for measuring either biometric or environmental parameters. In this study, micro-sized flexible ZnO UV photodetectors have been thoroughly prepared by a facile inkjet printing technology and followed with heat treatments. A simple ink recipe of zinc acetate precursor solution was investigated. It is found that the substrate temperature during zinc precursor ink depositing has significant effects on ZnO pattern shape, film morphology, and crystallization...
January 30, 2017: Nanotechnology
Eloïse Bihar, Timothée Roberts, Mohamed Saadaoui, Thierry Hervé, Jozina B De Graaf, George G Malliaras
Inkjet-printed PEDOT:PSS electrodes are shown to record cutaneous electrophysiological signals such as electrocardiograms via a simple finger-to-electrode contact. The recordings are of high quality and show no deterioration over a 3 month period, paving the way for the development of the next generation of low-cost, convenient-to-use healthcare monitoring devices.
January 25, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yu Huang, Wenbo Li, Meng Qin, Haihua Zhou, Xingye Zhang, Fengyu Li, Yanlin Song
With facile manufacturability and modifiability, impressive nanoparticles (NPs) assembly applications were performed for functional patterned devices, which have attracted booming research attention due to their increasing applications in high-performance optical/electrical devices for sensing, electronics, displays, and catalysis. By virtue of easy and direct fabrication to desired patterns, high throughput, and low cost, NPs assembly printing is one of the most promising candidates for the manufacturing of functional micro-chips...
January 2017: Small
Jayasheelan Vaithilingam, Marco Simonelli, Ehab Saleh, Nicola Senin, Ricky D Wildman, Richard J M Hague, Richard K Leach, Christopher J Tuck
Despite the advancement of additive manufacturing/3-dimensional (3D) printing, single-step fabrication of multifunctional parts using AM is limited. With the view of enabling multifunctional AM (MFAM), in this study, sintering of metal nanoparticles was performed to obtain conductivity for continuous line inkjet printing of electronics. This was achieved using a bespoke three dimensional (3D) inkjet-printing machine, JETx®, capable of printing a range of materials and utilizing different post processing procedures to print multi-layered 3D structures in a single manufacturing step...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Aleksandra Samusjew, Markus Kratzer, Andreas Moser, Christian Teichert, Krzysztof K Krawczyk, Thomas Griesser
Optical waveguides have been fabricated via photopolymerization of stable, inkjet-printed patterns. In order to obtain high-profile lines, the properties of both the ink and the substrate were adjusted. We prove that suitable patterns, with contact angles close to 90°, can be printed by using not fully cured, "sticky" PDMS as a substrate. In addition, we propose a simple sliding-drop experiment to show the crucial difference in how the ink dewets the "sticky" and the fully cured substrate, which is otherwise difficult to demonstrate...
January 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Craig A Milroy, Seonpil Jang, Toshihiko Fujimori, Ananth Dodabalapur, Arumugam Manthiram
Improved thin-film microbatteries are needed to provide appropriate energy-storage options to power the multitude of devices that will bring the proposed "Internet of Things" network to fruition (e.g., active radio-frequency identification tags and microcontrollers for wearable and implantable devices). Although impressive efforts have been made to improve the energy density of 3D microbatteries, they have all used low energy-density lithium-ion chemistries, which present a fundamental barrier to miniaturization...
January 11, 2017: Small
Zhinian Li, Lei He, Shenliang Wang, Wuzhong Yi, Shihui Zou, Liping Xiao, Jie Fan
The development of efficient catalyst for oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) reaction represents a grand challenge in direct conversion of methane into other useful products. Here, we reported that a newly developed combinatorial approach can be used for ultrafast optimization of La2O3-based multicomponent metal oxide catalysts in OCM reaction. This new approach integrated inkjet printing assisted synthesis (IJP-A) with multidimensional group testing strategy (m-GT) tactfully takes the place of conventionally high-throughput synthesis-and-screen experiment...
9, 2017: ACS Combinatorial Science
Chaelin Kim, Ka Young Kim, Ji Ha Lee, Junho Ahn, Kazuo Sakurai, Shim Sung Lee, Jong Hwa Jung
We report the correlation between the fluorescence intensity and the helical pitch of supramolecular hydrogels with Tb(III) and Eu(III) as well as their inkjet printing patterning as an application. The luminescent gels, which exhibited three different emissions of red, green, and blue, could be prepared without and with Eu(III) and Tb(III). The luminescence intensity of supramolecular gels (gel-Tb and gel-Eu) composed of Tb(III) and Eu(III) was ca. 3-fold larger than that of the sol (1+Tb(III) or 1+Eu(III)), which was attributed to large tilting angles between molecules...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alvaro Ortiz Pérez, Vera Kallfaß-de Frenes, Alexander Filbert, Janosch Kneer, Benedikt Bierer, Pirmin Held, Philipp Klein, Jürgen Wöllenstein, Dirk Benyoucef, Sigrid Kallfaß, Ulrich Mescheder, Stefan Palzer
This manuscript describes the design considerations, implementation, and laboratory validation of an odor sensing module whose purpose is to support people that suffer from incontinence. Because of the requirements expressed by the affected end-users the odor sensing unit is realized as a portable accessory that may be connected to any pre-existing smart device. We have opted for a low-cost, low-power consuming metal oxide based gas detection approach to highlight the viability of developing an inexpensive yet helpful odor recognition technology...
December 29, 2016: Sensors
Sebastian Meyer, Duy Vu Pham, Sonja Merkulov, Dennis Weber, Alexey Merkulov, Niels Benson, Roland Schmechel
Semiconductor inks containing an indium-based oxo alkoxide precursor material were optimized regarding rheology requirements for a commercial 10 pL inkjet printhead. The rheological stability is evaluated by measuring the dynamic viscosity of the formulations for 12 h with a constant shear rate stress under ambient conditions. It is believed that the observed superior stability of the inks is the result of effectively suppressing the hydrolysis and condensation reaction between the metal oxo alkoxide precursor complex and atmospheric water...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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