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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876976/variation-in-clinical-markers-in-cattle-naturally-infected-with-bovine-tropical-theileriosis
#1
Rahul Parashar, Vikrant Sudan, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Daya Shanker
124 cattle naturally infected with Theileria annulata were inspected for clinical markers. Clinical manifestations of general weakness, reduced appetite, pyrexia reaching 40-42 °C and lachrymal discharge were seen in more than 75 % of the infected animals. Presence of ticks on body, general dullness and depression, recumbency/prostration, oedema of dependent body parts, diarrhea, hypersalivation, pale mucous membranes and yellow colored urine were revealed by more than 50 % of the infected animals. Clinical manifestations of dehydration, abdominal distension/ascites, jaundice and haemoglobinuria were revealed by more than 25 % of the infected animals less than 25 % of the infected animals showed clinical manifestations of exophthalmia, constipation, melena, buccal cavity erosions, congested mucous membranes, nasal discharge and tachypnoea...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859131/predators-suppress-herbivore-outbreaks-and-enhance-plant-recovery-following-hurricanes
#2
David A Spiller, Thomas W Schoener, Jonah Piovia-Scott
Understanding processes that may stabilize ecological systems confronted with rapidly changing environmental conditions is a key issue in ecology. We studied a system of highly fluctuating populations, the moth Achyra rantalis feeding on the plant Sesuvium portulacastrum in a group of small subtropical islands of the Bahamas. The plant is a prostrate inhabitant of shorelines, and consequently moths are highly vulnerable to being consumed by the ground-foraging lizard Anolis sagrei. We measured the percent ground cover of Sesuvium and abundance of Achyra on 11 islands with lizards present and 21 islands without lizards annually for 10 consecutive years...
October 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843276/new-visual-prostate-symptom-score-versus-international-prostate-symptom-score-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-a-prospective-comparision-in-indian-rural-population
#3
Ashutosh Roy, Amandeep Singh, Darshan Singh Sidhu, R P Jindal, Mishi Malhotra, Haramritpal Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostrate hyperplasia (BPH) is a leading source of healthcare problem in aging men around the world including India. Both International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and New Visual Prostate Symptom Score (VPSS) are used to assess the lower urinary tracts symptoms (LUTSs) in men. The present study was planned to compare these two scores, IPSS and VPSS in Indian rural men prospectively and their efficacy was compared with urodynamic evaluation of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With Institutional Ethical Committee approval, this study was conducted on 100 patients having LUTS and BPH after obtaining written informed consent...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736221/lead-poisoning-due-to-lead-pellet-ingestion-in-griffon-vultures-gyps-fulvus-from-the-iberian-peninsula
#4
Manuela A Carneiro Dvm, Paula A Oliveira, Ricardo Brandão, Olga Nicolas Francisco, Roser Velarde, Santiago Lavín, Bruno Colaço
Avian scavengers that typically include game birds and mammals in their diets are at risk of lead poisoning from ingestion of carcasses with fragmented or residual lead ammunition that is used in hunting. Thus, lead may be one of the threats that the griffon vulture ( Gyps fulvus ) faces in the Iberian Peninsula and particularly in Portugal, where their conservation status is considered to be near-threatened. This is the first report that details 3 cases of lead poisoning, associated with the ingestion of lead shot, in adult female griffon vultures found in the Iberian Peninsula...
September 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703649/ct-simulation-to-evaluate-of-pelvic-lymph-node-coverage-in-conventional-radiotherapy-fields-based-on-bone-and-vessels-landmarks-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#5
Amir Shahram Yousefi Kashi, Samira Khaledi, Mohammad Houshyari
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is the gold standard for treatment of prostrate cancer as it can cover an adequate area of tissues at risk for metastasis. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the Pelvic lymph node coverage of conventional radiotherapy fields based on bone and vessels landmarks using computed tomography (CT) simulation in patients with prostate cancer referred to Shohada-e-Tajrish hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 40 patients with prostate cancer at the Stage T1c to T3b were studied...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687897/knowledge-and-practice-of-prostate-cancer-screening-among-general-practitioners-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Abdul Malik Tun Firzara, Chirk Jenn Ng
OBJECTIVE: Screening for prostate cancer remains controversial. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in assisting men to make an informed decision on prostate cancer screening. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening among private GPs in Malaysia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Private general practices in Selangor, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: 311 randomly selected full-time private GPs were recruited between September 2013 and January 2014...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588252/an-in-silico-study-on-antidiabetic-activity-of-bioactive-compounds-in-euphorbia-thymifolia-linn
#7
T Hoang Nguyen Vo, Ngan Tran, Dat Nguyen, Ly Le
Herbal medicines have become strongly preferred treatment to reduce the negative impacts of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its severe complications due to lesser side effects and low cost. Recently, strong anti-hyperglycemic effect of Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. (E. thymifolia) on mice models has reported but the action mechanism of its bioactive compounds has remained unknown. This study aimed to evaluate molecular interactions existing between various bioactive compounds in E. thymifolia and targeted proteins related to Type 2 DM...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570532/scorpionism-by-tityus-silvestris-in-eastern-brazilian-amazon
#8
Johne Souza Coelho, Edna Aoba Yassui Ishikawa, Paulo Roberto Silva Garcez Dos Santos, Pedro Pereira de Oliveira Pardal
BACKGROUND: Scorpionism is a serious public health problem in Brazil. Although cases of envenomation by scorpions are frequent in Brazil, Tityus silvestris - found throughout the Amazon region - is considered of minor medical significance and with only a few descriptions in the literature. This article aims to describe for the first time the epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations of scorpion stings by T. silvestris that occurred in eastern Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: A prospective and observational study was carried out on 13 confirmed cases of T...
2016: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557820/phb-in-cardiovascular-and-other-diseases-present-knowledge-and-implications
#9
Debabrata Chowdhury, Dinesh Kumar, Pranjal Sarma, Anjana Devi Tangutur, Manika Pal Bhadra
Prohibitin (PHB) is overtly conserved evolutionarily and ubiquitously expressed protein with pleiotropic functions in diverse cellular compartments. However, regulation and function of these proteins in different cells, tissues and in various diseases is different as evidenced by expression of these proteins which is found to be reduced in heart diseases, kidney diseases, lung disease, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis but this protein is highly expressed in diverse cancer diseases. The mechanism by which this protein acts at the molecular level in different subcellular localizations or in different cells or tissues in different conditions (diseases or normal) has remained poorly understood...
August 24, 2016: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549864/complicated-malaria-symptoms-associated-with-plasmodium-vivax-among-patients-visiting-health-facilities-in-mendi-town-northwest-ethiopia
#10
Yohannes Demissie, Tsige Ketema
BACKGROUND: Malaria is still a major health problem in some parts of the world. Plasmodium falciparum is the common pathogenic parasite and is responsible for majority of malaria associated deaths. Recently the other benign parasite, P. vivax, is reported to cause life threatening severe malaria complications. Thus, this study was aimed to assess incidence of severe malaria symptoms caused by P. vivax parasite in some malaria endemic areas of Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Presumptive malaria patients (all age groups) seeking medication at the selected health facilities in Mendi town, Northwest Ethiopia, were recruited for the study...
August 22, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523716/an-unexpected-skin-ulcer-and-soft-tissue-necrosis-after-the-nonconcurrent-combination-of-proton-beam-therapy-and-pazopanib-a-case-of-myxofibrosarcoma
#11
Nobuhiro Uwa, Tomonori Terada, Takeshi Mohri, Yoshitane Tsukamoto, Hiroyuki Futani, Yusuke Demizu, Tomoaki Okimoto, Masafumi Sakagami
We herein report the case of a patient presenting with myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) who underwent treatment with surgery, proton beam therapy (PBT), and pazopanib. A 64-year-old male was diagnosed with MFS, which ranged from the posterior neck to the shoulder. Surgery was performed as an initial treatment; however, the primary tumor recurred 83 months after the initial treatment. We, therefore, administered PBT. Although most of the recurrent tumor disappeared after PBT, multiple lung metastases were identified 3 months after the completion of PBT...
August 11, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504137/inhibitory-effect-of-yongdamsagan-tang-water-extract-a-traditional-herbal-formula-on-testosterone-induced-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-rats
#12
Eunsook Park, Mee-Young Lee, Woo-Young Jeon, Nari Lee, Chang-Seob Seo, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin
Yongdamsagan-tang, a traditional herbal formula, is used widely for the treatment of inflammation and viral diseases. In this study, we investigated whether Yongdamsagan-tang water extract (YSTE) affects testosterone propionate- (TP-) induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a rat model. To induce BPH, rats were injected subcutaneously with 10 mg/kg of TP every day. YSTE was administrated daily by oral gavage at doses of 200 and 500 mg/kg along with the TP injection. After 4 weeks, prostates were collected, weighed, and analyzed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474373/growth-of-elaborate-microbial-pinnacles-in-lake-vanda-antarctica
#13
D Y Sumner, A D Jungblut, I Hawes, D T Andersen, T J Mackey, K Wall
Microbial pinnacles in ice-covered Lake Vanda, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, extend from the base of the ice to more than 50 m water depth. The distribution of microbial communities, their photosynthetic potential, and pinnacle morphology affects the local accumulation of biomass, which in turn shapes pinnacle morphology. This feedback, plus environmental stability, promotes the growth of elaborate microbial structures. In Lake Vanda, all mats sampled from greater than 10 m water depth contained pinnacles with a gradation in size from <1-mm-tall tufts to pinnacles that were centimeters tall...
November 2016: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454468/bacterial-agents-causing-meningitis-during-2013-2014-in-turkey-a-multi-center-hospital-based-prospective-surveillance-study
#14
Mehmet Ceyhan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Nezahat Gürler, Eda Karadag Oncel, Yıldız Camcioglu, Nuran Salman, Melda Celik, Melike Keser Emiroglu, Fatih Akin, Hasan Tezer, Aslinur Ozkaya Parlakay, Nilden Tuygun, Diyar Tamburaci, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Adem Karbuz, Ünal Uluca, Emre Alhan, Ümmühan Çay, Zafer Kurugol, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Rengin Şiraneci, Tolga İnce, Gülnar Sensoy, Nursen Belet, Enes Coskun, Fatih Yilmaz, Mustafa Hacimustafaoglu, Solmaz Celebi, Ümit Celik, Metehan Ozen, Aybüke Akaslan, İlker Devrim, Necdet Kuyucu, Fatmanur Öz, Sefika Elmas Bozdemir, Ahu Kara
This is an observational epidemiological study to describe causes of bacterial meningitis among persons between 1 month and 18 y of age who are hospitalized with suspected bacterial meningitis in 7 Turkish regions. covering 32% of the entire population of Turkey. We present here the results from 2013 and 2014. A clinical case with meningitis was defined according to followings: any sign of meningitis including fever, vomiting, headache, and meningeal irritation in children above one year of age and fever without any documented source, impaired consciousness, prostration and seizures in those < 1 y of age...
November 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404939/-louse-borne-relapsing-fever-in-refugees-from-the-horn-of-africa-a-case-series-of-25-patients
#15
M Seilmaier, W Guggemos, A Wieser, V Fingerle, L Balzer, T Fenzl, M Hoch, U von Both, H U Schmidt, C M Wendtner, E Strobel
Background | Relapsing fever is divided into tick borne relapsing fever (TBRF) and louse borne relapsing fever (LBRF). This report describes 25 refugees from East Africa who were diagnosed to suffer from LBRF within a period of 6 month only at a single hospital in Munich / Germany. Material & Methods | The aim was to point out common clinical features as well as laboratory findings and clinical symptoms before and after initiation of treatment in 25 patients with louse borne relapsing fever (LBRF) who were diagnosed and treated at Klinikum München Schwabing from August 2015 to January 2016...
July 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386374/effect-of-cobalt-ii-chloride-hexahydrate-on-some-human-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Sonia Mahey, Rakesh Kumar, Rohit Arora, Jyoti Mahajan, Saroj Arora, Renu Bhardwaj, Ashwani Kumar Thukral
The present study investigates the anti-proliferative and apoptosis inducing mechanism of CoCl2·6H2O in PC-3 cancer cell line. Preliminary, three different forms of cobalt i.e., cobaltous (CoCl2·6H2O), macro-Co(II,III) oxide and nano-Co(II,III) oxide were screened for antiproliferative activity in PC-3 cell line. The CoCl2·6H2O being the most effective antiproliferative agent, hence it was further tested against lung (A549), prostrate (PC-3) and brain (IMR-32) cell lines. Human embryonic kidney cell line (293T) was used as a normal cell line to compare the toxicity of CoCl2·6H2O...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349063/-frequency-of-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-coronary-and-intensive-unit-care-of-a-high-speciality-hospital
#17
Víctor Manuel Ramos Frausto, José María De La Roca Chiapas, Nancy Yadira Días García, Juana Graciela Luna Camargo, Mariazel García Rocha
INTRODUCTION: The Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH) represent a serious problem around the world since they have important consequences, personal and economic, this making it a public problem health. The PUSH are a challenge for professionals nursing at all levels of care. OBJECTVE: Identify the frequency of Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing in patients hospitalized in coronary and intensive unit care of a high specialty hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, observational, prospective, and cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Revista de Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222086/-the-dementia-of-king-ferdinand-vi-and-the-year-with-no-king
#18
REVIEW
S Fernandez-Menendez, J M Gonzalez-Gonzalez, V Alvarez-Antuna, J Bobes
INTRODUCTION: Ferdinand VI was king of Spain from 1746 until 1759. His last year of reign is known as the year without a king. Over this year the king suffered a rapidly progressive deterioration of his mental health status. The clinical condition has been always attributed to a pure psychiatric disorder, generally a bipolar disorder. DEVELOPMENT: We review the sources of information in the Spanish archives and libraries, in order to find clinical information about the illness suffered by the king...
June 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170682/characterization-of-a-mouse-model-of-oral-potassium-cyanide-intoxication
#19
Patrick J Sabourin, Christina L Kobs, Seth T Gibbs, Peter Hong, Claire M Matthews, Kristen M Patton, Carol L Sabourin, Edgar J Wakayama
Potassium cyanide (KCN) is an inhibitor of cytochrome C oxidase causing rapid death due to hypoxia. A well-characterized model of oral KCN intoxication is needed to test new therapeutics under the Food and Drug Administration Animal Rule. Clinical signs, plasma pH and lactate concentrations, biomarkers, histopathology, and cyanide and thiocyanate toxicokinetics were used to characterize the pathology of KCN intoxication in adult and juvenile mice. The acute oral LD50s were determined to be 11.8, 11.0, 10.9, and 9...
September 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158930/phenology-and-species-determine-growing-season-albedo-increase-at-the-altitudinal-limit-of-shrub-growth-in-the-sub-arctic
#20
Scott N Williamson, Isabel C Barrio, David S Hik, John A Gamon
Arctic warming is resulting in reduced snow cover and increased shrub growth, both of which have been associated with altered land surface-atmospheric feedback processes involving sensible heat flux, ground heat flux and biogeochemical cycling. Using field measurements, we show that two common Arctic shrub species (Betula glandulosa and Salix pulchra), which are largely responsible for shrub encroachment in tundra, differed markedly in albedo and that albedo of both species increased as growing season progressed when measured at their altitudinal limit...
May 9, 2016: Global Change Biology
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