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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893920/superior-vena-cava-stenosis-in-haemodialysis-patients-with-a-tunnelled-cuffed-catheter-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#1
Laura Labriola, Benjamin Seront, Ralph Crott, Pauline Borceux, Frank Hammer, Michel Jadoul
Background: Although superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis may be a life-threatening complication of haemodialysis (HD) catheters, its prevalence and risk factors in HD patients are unknown. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for SVC stenosis in HD patients with a tunnelled cuffed catheter (TCC) and to describe its clinical presentation. Methods: In this single-centre, retrospective cohort study, all in-centre chronic HD patients carrying a TCC (1 January 2008-31 December 2012) were included (n = 117 patients, 214 TCC, 80 911 catheter-days)...
June 8, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804087/right-sided-hydrothorax-a-peritoneal-dialysis-dilemma
#2
Haytham Allaham, Dania Hudhud, William Salzer
We present a 23-year-old female patient with a chief complaint of progressively worsening dyspnoea of 2 days duration. Her medical history was significant for end stage renal disease secondary to membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. A peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter was placed 8 weeks prior to admission. She did not miss any of the PD sessions prior to this admission. Vital signs were significant for hypoxemia. Physical examination was remarkable for right-sided basilar crackles with no other signs of fluid overload...
May 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772317/haemodialysis-catheter-related-central-venous-thrombosis-clinical-approach-to-evaluation-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Dinesha Himali Sudusinghe, Dilushi Rowena Wijayaratne, Nalaka Gunawansa
Central venous catheter use is common among patients undergoing haemodialysis. Catheter related vascular thrombosis is a frequent complication, which results in catheter dysfunction. This may eliminate the affected vein as a potential route of vascular access and leads to significant morbidity of the limbs involved. Despite increasing prevalence, there is a dearth of evidence-based guidelines for managing such catheter related thrombi, often leading to treatment dilemmas in clinical practice. Minimizing the use of central venous catheters for haemodialysis remains the best approach in preventing such adverse complications...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758322/endovascular-repair-of-an-inadvertent-right-vertebral-artery-rupture-during-dialysis-catheter-insertion
#4
Kalliopi-Maria Tasopoulou, Christos Argyriou, Michael Mantatzis, Konstantia Kantartzi, Ploumis Passadakis, George S Georgiadis
Central venous (CV) catheterization is not only an invaluable diagnostic modality but also an essential therapeutic tool for the treating physician, enabling rapid and reliable intravenous administration of drugs and fluids, providing venous access to patients undergoing long-term continuous or repeated intravenous treatment such as chemotherapy or it can be used for haemodialysis in patients suffering from acute or chronic renal disease. On the other hand, CV catheterization can lead to a wide range of life-threatening complications for the patient especially if left untreated or become late-diagnosed...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754896/haemodialysis-catheter-in-the-aortic-arch
#5
Tina Cohnert, Stephan H Koter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#6
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672277/early-flow-disturbances-of-tunnelled-haemodialysis-catheters-and-topographic-landmarks-in-chest-x-ray
#7
Jeanette Fahnert, Patrick Stumpp, Thomas Kahn, Frieder Keller, Stephan Schiekofer, Sirak Petros, Jan Halbritter, Tom H Lindner, Franz Maximilian Rasche
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The position of the tip of tunnelled haemodialysis (HD) catheters (THC) might influence flow characteristics during HD. In chest X-ray (CXR), carina-related landmarks may be practicable to verify the THC position, and tip-carina distance (TCD) might be useful to predict early-flow dysfunctions. METHODS: In this single-centre, retrospective study, the TCD and the angle between the distal catheter and the body vertical axis (tip-body vertical-angle [TVA]) was measured in 115 THC by post-procedure CXR with 2 investigators...
2018: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658218/-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-outpatient-care
#8
Walter Zingg, Aliki Metsini, Qiao Fu, Diana Neves, Didier Pittet
There is little evidence on healthcare-associated infections in outpatient care. The Swiss Federal Office for Public Health commissioned a systematic review to estimate the incidence of healthcare-associated infections in non-institutional settings. A total of 126 papers were eligible for data abstraction. The identified reports and studies were heterogeneous and generally of low quality. The main outcomes were surgical site infections, central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616470/peritoneal-dialysis-as-initial-dialysis-modality-a-viable-option-for-late-presenting-end-stage-renal-disease
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Masoom Javaid, Behram Ali Khan, Srinivas Subramanian
Late-presenting end-stage renal disease is a significant problem worldwide. Up to 70% of patients start dialysis in an unplanned manner without a definitive dialysis access in place. Haemodialysis via a central venous catheter is the default modality for the majority of such patients, and peritoneal dialysis is usually not considered as a feasible option. However, in the recent years, some reports on urgent-start peritoneal dialysis in the late-presenting end-stage renal disease have been published. The collective experience shows that PD can be a safe, efficient and cost-effective alternative to haemodialysis in late-presenting end-stage renal disease with comparable outcomes to the conventional peritoneal dialysis and urgent-start haemodialysis...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614907/haemodialysis-access-thrombosis-outcomes-after-surgical-thrombectomy-versus-catheter-directed-thrombolytic-infusion
#10
Linn Koraen-Smith, Matteus Krasun, Matteo Bottai, Ulf Hedin, Carl M Wahlgren, Peter Gillgren
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is one of the most common complications of dialysis vascular access and is a significant source of morbidity and healthcare-associated costs. In this retrospective study, outcomes for surgical thrombectomy and thrombolysis after access thrombosis in patients with arteriovenous fistulas or prosthetic grafts (arteriovenous grafts) were analysed. METHODS: All patients with a primary episode of dialysis access thrombosis between 2005 and 2013 were included which yielded 131 patients with 149 episodes of access thrombosis (108 arteriovenous grafts; 41 arteriovenous fistulas)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611180/antimicrobial-lock-solutions-for-preventing-catheter-related-infections-in-haemodialysis
#11
REVIEW
Maria C Arechabala, Maria I Catoni, Juan Carlos Claro, Noelia P Rojas, Miriam E Rubio, Mario A Calvo, Luz M Letelier
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) through a central venous catheter (CVC) are exposed to several risks, being a catheter-related infection (CRI) and a CVC lumen thrombosis among the most serious. Standard of care regarding CVCs includes their sealing with heparin lock solutions to prevent catheter lumen thrombosis. Other lock solutions to prevent CRI, such as antimicrobial lock solutions, have proven useful with antibiotics solutions, but not as yet for non-antibiotic antimicrobial solutions...
April 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609535/prevalence-and-correlates-of-central-venous-catheter-use-among-haemodialysis-patients-in-the-irish-health-system-a-national-study
#12
Wael F Hussein, Husham Mohammed, Leonard Browne, Liam Plant, Austin G Stack
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD), yet they are frequently used as the primary vascular access for many patients on HD. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and variation in CVC use across centres in the Irish health system. METHODS: Data from the National Kidney Disease Clinical Patient Management System (KDCPMS) was used to determine CVC use and patterns across centres...
April 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562840/vascular-access-for-home-haemodialysis
#13
Julien Al Shakarchi, C Day, N Inston
INTRODUCTION: Home haemodialysis has been advocated due to improved quality of life. However, there are very little data on the optimum vascular access for it. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was carried on all patients who initiated home haemodialysis between 2011 and 2016 at a large university hospital. Access-related hospital admissions and interventions were used as primary outcome measures. RESULTS: Our cohort consisted of 74 patients...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506150/pharmacokinetics-of-piperacillin-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-receiving-sustained-low-efficiency-diafiltration
#14
Mahipal G Sinnollareddy, Michael S Roberts, Jeffrey Lipman, Sandra L Peake, Jason A Roberts
Background: Piperacillin is a β-lactam penicillin antibiotic commonly used for the empirical therapy of sepsis and other hospital-acquired infections. However, knowledge regarding the effect of sustained low-efficiency diafiltration (SLED-f), a technique increasingly being used in ICUs, on piperacillin pharmacokinetics (PK) and dosing in critically ill patients is lacking. Objectives: To describe the PK of piperacillin during SLED-f and compare the results with those reported for other forms of renal replacement therapies...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456597/insertion-rates-and-complications-of-central-lines-in-the-uk-population-a-pilot-study
#15
Adrian Vk Wong, Nitin Arora, Olusegun Olusanya, Ben Sharif, Robert M Lundin, A Dhadda, S Clarke, R Siviter, M Argent, Gavin Denton, Anna Dennis, Angela Day, Tamas Szakmany
Background: Central venous catheters are inserted ubiquitously in critical care and have roles in drug administration, fluid management and renal replacement therapy. They are also associated with numerous complications. The true number of central venous catheters inserted per year and the proportion of them associated with complications are unknown in the UK. Methods: We performed a prospective audit at five hospitals, as a feasibility pilot for a larger, nationwide audit...
February 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401294/the-first-365-days-on-haemodialysis-variation-in-the-haemodialysis-access-journey-and-its-associated-burden
#16
Eleanor Murray, Mahmoud Eid, Jamie P Traynor, Karen S Stevenson, Ram Kasthuri, David B Kingsmore, Peter C Thomson
Background: The modality by which haemodialysis (HD) is delivered [arteriovenous fistula (AVF), arteriovenous graft (AVG) or central venous catheter (CVC)] varies widely and is influenced by clinical evidence, patient factors and the prevailing service configuration. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome and impact of access strategy on patient outcome by mapping out the HD journey in a cohort of incident patients. Methods: A 2-year cohort of consecutive incident HD patients from the point of referral for first dialysis access to completion of the first 365 days of HD was prospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368572/managing-dysfunctional-central-venous-access-devices-a-practical-approach-to-urokinase-thrombolysis
#17
Mick Kumwenda, Lisa Dougherty, Helen Spooner, Victoria Jackson, Sandip Mitra, Nicholas Inston
Tunnelled central venous access devices (CVADs) are defined as any intravenous multipurpose catheters placed within the central veins for use in haemodialysis and administration of blood products or chemotherapy in oncology and haematological conditions. Frequent complications include thrombosis and catheter-related infection, which may lead to significant adverse patient outcomes. Once thrombosis is suspected correction should be attempted empirically with thrombolytic agents. Commonly available thrombolytic agents in the UK include urokinase (Syner-Kinase) and alteplase (Cathflo)...
January 25, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330994/pattern-of-causative-micro-organisms-in-catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-in-dialysis-patients-experience-from-saudi-arabia
#18
Bilal Mohsin
BACKGROUND: Catheter related blood stream infections (CRBSI) are the leading cause of morbidity in HD patients. The majority of these infections relate to haemodialysis catheters. There is a paucity of local data on microbial agents responsible for CRBSI in our region. This prompted our study. METHODS: This Prospective observatory survey was conducted in Department of Nephrology, King Fahd Hospital, Hofuf KSA from Nov 2014 to Jan 2017 (26 months). It was performed on dialysis patients with HD catheters who developed features of CRBSI...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319017/laparoscopically-assisted-insertion-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter
#19
Jurij Janež
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a generally accepted method for treatment of patients with the end-stage renal disease. A larger proportion of PD patients transfer to haemodialysis every year than the converse. Many of the underlying causes of transfer to haemodialysis are preventable. Infectious complications still remain the most common reason for transfer of PD patients to haemodialysis, catheter-related problems are the second most common cause. For PD to be effective it is very important to provide a quality peritoneal access with the insertion of PD catheter with minimum complications...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192721/haemodialysis-vascular-access-current-practices-amongst-indian-nephrologists
#20
Dinesh Bansal, Vijay Kher, Krishan Lal Gupta, Debasish Banerjee, Vivekanand Jha
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing number of haemodialysis (HD) patients in India, little is known about vascular access practice. We investigated the use and cost of different vascular accesses by Indian nephrologists. METHODS: An online survey was emailed to 920 Indian nephrologists and 388 (42.1%) responded; 98.5% of whom were responsible for managing dialysis patients, 98% in hospitals. RESULTS: Sixty-four percent of patients initiated renal replacement therapy with HD, 7% with peritoneal dialysis, 10% kidney transplantation and 19% conservative care...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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