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bmi death mortality

Cheng-Wei Lin, Brend Ray-Sea Hsu, Jir-Shiong Tsai, Hui-Mei Yang, Jr-Rung Lin, Chia-Hung Lin, Chung-Huei Huang, Shih-Yuan Hung, Yu-Yao Huang
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of limb preservation status and body mass index (BMI) on the survival of patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: A total of 1346 patients treated for limb-threatening DFUs at a major diabetic foot center in Taiwan from 2002 to 2009 were tracked until December 2012. The patients were classified into three groups: limb-preserved (n=858), minor lower-extremity amputation (LEA) (n=249), and major LEA (n=239). Clinical data during treatment were used for survival analysis...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Yoko Umeki, Hisashi Adachi, Mika Enomoto, Ako Fukami, Sachiko Nakamura, Yume Nohara, Erika Nakao, Akiko Sakaue, Tomoko Tsuru, Nagisa Morikawa, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
Objective There is little long-term data on the association between the serum albumin levels and mortality in community-based populations. We aimed to determine whether the serum albumin level is an independent risk factor for all-cause and cause-specific death in a community-based cohort study in Japan. Methods In 1999, we performed a periodic epidemiological survey over a 15-year period in a population of 1,905 healthy subjects (783 males, 1,122 females) who were older than 40 years of age and who resided in Tanushimaru, a rural community, in Japan...
2016: Internal Medicine
Jarmila A Zdanowicz, Chantal Huber, Roland Gerull, Martin Mueller, Luigi Raio, Daniel Surbek
INTRODUCTION: To determine the accuracy of estimated fetal weight (EFW) at the limit of viability in a delivery room setting and its impact on the prediction of neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, single-center cohort study we included patients with preterm birth between 230/7 and 260/7 weeks of gestation. Neonates were divided into 3 groups according to birth weight at delivery (accuracy index 90-110%, <90%, >110%). Neonatal outcome for each group was categorized into survival with and without impairment and death, with a follow-up period of 6 weeks...
October 15, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
A Molina Raya, A García Navarro, C San Miguel Méndez, M Domínguez Bastante, M T Villegas Herrera, K Granero, A Becerra Massare, J M Villar Del Moral, M Expósito, Y Fundora Suárez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine the impact of obesity on the morbidity and mortality of liver transplantation (LT) recipients. METHODS: A single-center, observational-cohort, retrospective study was conducted in patients undergoing LT from January 2008 to December 2014 to compare complications and survival between those with body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m(2) and those with BMI ≥35 kg/m(2). RESULTS: The study included 170 patients: 162 (95...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Marvin Louis Roy Lu, Shuchita Gupta, Abel Romero-Corral, Magdaléna Matejková, Toni De Venecia, Edinrin Obasare, Vikas Bhalla, Gregg S Pressman
BACKGROUND: Calcium deposits in the aortic valve and mitral annulus have been associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. However, there is no accepted standard method for scoring such cardiac calcifications, and most existing methods are simplistic. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a semiquantitative score, one that accounts for all visible calcium on echocardiography, could predict all-cause mortality and stroke in a graded fashion. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 443 unselected subjects derived from a general echocardiography database...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Christopher McKee, Dmitry Tumin, Don Hayes, Joseph D Tobias
Adults, older children, and adolescent patients with a BMI categorized as overweight or obese have decreased survival after HTx. Anthropometric correlates of survival after HTx in infants have not been well defined. In a retrospective analysis of the UNOS registry, patients age 0-24 months were classified according to the WHO height-for-age and weight-for-age norms, as well as arbitrary BMI-for-age percentiles. Outcomes of 1-year survival, conditional long-term survival, and cause-specific mortality were examined...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Albert A Okunade, Rose M Rubin, Adeyinka K Okunade
Currently, there are few studies separating the linkage of pathological obese and overweight body mass indices (BMIs) to the all-cause mortality rate in adults. Consequently, this paper, using annual Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data of the 50 US states and the District of Columbia, estimates empirical regression models linking the US adult overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30) rates to the all-cause deaths rate. The biochemistry of multi-period cumulative adiposity (saturated fatty acid) from unexpended caloric intakes (net energy storage) provides the natural theoretical foundation for tracing unhealthy BMI to all-cause mortality...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Gilad Twig, Amir Tirosh, Adi Leiba, Hagai Levine, Dana Ben-Ami Shor, Estela Derazne, Ziona Haklai, Nehama Goldberger, Michal Kasher-Meron, Dror Yifrach, Hertzel C Gerstein, Jeremy D Kark
OBJECTIVE: The sequelae of increasing childhood obesity are of major concern. We assessed the association of BMI in late adolescence with diabetes mortality in midlife. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The BMI values of 2,294,139 Israeli adolescents (age 17.4 ± 0.3 years), measured between 1967 and 2010, were grouped by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention age/sex percentiles and by ordinary BMI values. The outcome, obtained by linkage with official national records, was death attributed to diabetes mellitus (DM) as the underlying cause...
October 12, 2016: Diabetes Care
Sarah Floud, Angela Balkwill, Kath Moser, Gillian K Reeves, Jane Green, Valerie Beral, Benjamin J Cairns
BACKGROUND: Some recent research has suggested that health-related behaviours, such as smoking, might explain much of the socio-economic inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. In a large prospective study of UK women, we investigated the associations between education and area deprivation and CHD risk and assessed the contributions of smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and body mass index (BMI) to these inequalities. METHODS: After excluding women with heart disease, stroke or cancer at recruitment, 1,202,983 women aged 56 years (SD 5 years) on average, were followed for first coronary event (hospital admission or death) and for CHD mortality...
October 13, 2016: BMC Medicine
Susannah L Woodd, Paul Kelly, John R Koethe, George Praygod, Andrea M Rehman, Molly Chisenga, Joshua Siame, Douglas C Heimburger, Henrik Friis, Suzanne Filteau
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We aimed to increase understanding of the factors affecting their high mortality, particularly in the high-risk period before ART initiation. METHODS: We analysed potential risk factors for mortality of Zambian and Tanzanian participants enrolled in the NUSTART clinical trial. Malnourished adults (n = 1815; body mass index [BMI] <18...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Hannah Arem, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Steven C Moore, Louise A Brinton, Charles E Matthews
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer (EC) survivors are the second largest group of female cancer survivors in the USA, with high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. While higher pre-diagnosis body mass index (BMI) has been associated with higher all-cause and disease-specific mortality, pre-diagnosis physical activity has shown mixed evidence of an association with mortality. However, the association between BMI, physical activity, and TV viewing measured after diagnosis and mortality risk among EC survivors is unknown...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Héctor Gómez-Dantés, Nancy Fullman, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado, Blair Darney, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Juan A Rivera, Simon Barquera, Eduardo González-Pier, Tania Aburto-Soto, Elga Filipa Amorin de Castro, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Ana C Basto-Abreu, Carolina Batis, Guilherme Borges, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Julio C Campuzano-Rincón, Alejandra de Jesús Cantoral-Preciado, Alejandra G Contreras-Manzano, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Vanessa V de la Cruz-Gongora, Jose L Diaz-Ortega, María de Lourdes García-García, Armando Garcia-Guerra, Teresita González de Cossío, Luz D González-Castell, Ileana Heredia-Pi, Marta C Hijar-Medina, Alejandra Jauregui, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Nancy Lopez-Olmedo, Carlos Magis-Rodríguez, Catalina Medina-Garcia, Maria E Medina-Mora, Fabiola Mejia-Rodriguez, Julio C Montañez, Pablo Montero, Alejandra Montoya, Grea L Moreno-Banda, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Amado D Quezada, Vesta L Richardson-López-Collada, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Maria J Ríos Blancas, Christian Razo-Garcia, Martha P Romero Mendoza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Luz M Sánchez-Romero, Astrid Schilmann, Edson Servan-Mori, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, José L Texcalac-Sangrador, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Rafael Lozano
BACKGROUND: Child and maternal health outcomes have notably improved in Mexico since 1990, whereas rising adult mortality rates defy traditional epidemiological transition models in which decreased death rates occur across all ages. These trends suggest Mexico is experiencing a more complex, dissonant health transition than historically observed. Enduring inequalities between states further emphasise the need for more detailed health assessments over time. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2013 (GBD 2013) provides the comprehensive, comparable framework through which such national and subnational analyses can occur...
October 5, 2016: Lancet
Yong-Moon Mark Park, Teresa T Fung, Susan E Steck, Jiajia Zhang, Linda J Hazlett, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hwan Lee, Anwar T Merchant
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-style diet, the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), and mortality risk in metabolically obese normal-weight (MONW) adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were from normal-weight (body mass index of 18.5 to <25) adults aged 30 to 90 years at baseline in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, October 18, 1988, through October 15, 1994, followed up for deaths (all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer related) until December 31, 2011...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Nan Wang, Nikhil K Khankari, Hui Cai, Hong-Lan Li, Gong Yang, Yu-Tang Gao, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
The association of obesity on survival among patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been well characterized. We investigated the association of pre-diagnostic body mass index (BMI)/waist-hip ratio (WHR) and total/cause-specific mortality in CRC patients. This study included 1,452 patients who participated in two large cohort studies and were diagnosed with CRC during follow-up period. Participants were measured for anthropometrics and interviewed to collect relevant information at baseline, prior to any cancer diagnosis...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Shu-Zhong Jiang, Wen Lu, Xue-Feng Zong, Hong-Yun Ruan, Yi Liu
The imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is the main cause of excessive overweight and obesity. Technically, obesity is defined as the abnormal accumulation of ≥20% of body fat, over the individual's ideal body weight. The latter constitutes the maximal healthful value for an individual that is calculated based chiefly on the height, age, build and degree of muscular development. However, obesity is diagnosed by measuring the weight in relation to the height of an individual, thereby determining or calculating the body mass index...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
A C Vidal, L E Howard, S X Sun, M R Cooperberg, C J Kane, W J Aronson, M K Terris, C L Amling, S J Freedland
BACKGROUND: At the population level, obesity is associated with prostate cancer (PC) mortality. However, few studies analyzed the associations between obesity and long-term PC-specific outcomes after initial treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 4268 radical prostatectomy patients within the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital (SEARCH) database. Cox models accounting for known risk factors were used to examine the associations between body mass index (BMI) and PC-specific mortality (PCSM; primary outcome)...
October 4, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Lucy Leigh, Julie E Byles, Gita D Mishra
PURPOSE: Decline in physical function is common in older age, with important consequences for health-related quality of life, health care utilisation, and mortality. This study aimed to identify patterns of change in physical functioning (PF) for women in later life. METHODS: PF was measured longitudinally using the ten-item subscale of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey, for 10 515 participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, who completed at least two surveys between 1999 (aged 73-78 years) and 2011 (aged 85-90 years)...
October 1, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Sang-Wook Yi, Jae-Seok Hong, Jee-Jeon Yi, Heechoul Ohrr
Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for the global disease burden including liver diseases. However, the combined effect of alcohol use and body mass index (BMI) on alcohol-related diseases has seldom been examined. We examined whether alcohol consumption and BMI could act together to increase mortality from nonneoplastic liver diseases, upper aero-digestive tract (UADT) cancers, and alcohol use disorders (AUD) in middle-aged Korean men.107,735 men (mean age, 58.8 years) participated in a postal survey in 2004 and were followed until 2010, by linkage to national death records...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sergey V Brodsky, Rolf F Barth, Xiaokui Mo, Vedat Yildiz, Patricia Allenby, Iouri Ivanov, Stephen Moore, Charles L Hitchcock, Stephen Smith, Taha Sachak, Keluo Yao, Matthew Ball, Kelly Rosborough, Zachary Olson, Micah Kiehl, Navin Muni, Renu Virmani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Morbid obesity generally has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality for a variety of diseases. However, a number of exceptions to this have been reported and referred to as the "obesity paradox." The purpose of the present study was to obtain objective data on aortic atherosclerosis and its relationship to body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)), based on autopsy findings in a large cohort of overweight and obese decedents. METHODS: Decedents were ≥18 years who had autopsies between 2003 and 2014, a subset of whom were morbidly obese (BMI≥40)...
September 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Suzanne M Boyle, Yimei Li, F P Wilson, Joel D Glickman, Harold I Feldman
♦ Background: Total body water (V) is an imprecise metric for normalization of dialytic urea clearance (Kt). This poses a risk of early mortality/technique failure (TF). We examined differences in the distribution of peritoneal Kt/V when V was calculated with actual weight (AW), ideal weight (IW), and adjusted weight (ADW). We also examined the associations of these Kt/V measurements, Kt/body surface area (BSA), and non-normalized Kt with mortality and TF. ♦ Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 534 incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from the Dialysis Morbidity and Mortality Study Wave 2 linked with United States Renal Data System through 2010...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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