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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779144/effect-of-pre-gravid-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
Miha Lucovnik, Isaac Blickstein, Tomislav Mirkovic, Ivan Verdenik, Katja Bricelj, Marijana Vidmar Simic, Natasa Tul, Andreja Trojner Bregar
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pre-gravid body mass index (BMI) on perinatal outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective population-based cohort study. All singleton pregnancies delivered at ≥ 22 weeks' in Slovenia between 2002 and 2015 were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between BMI category and outcomes, controlling for potential confounding variables. Interaction term was included to evaluate whether effects of obesity on perinatal outcomes differ in IVF vs...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776419/introduction-of-national-guidelines-for-restrictive-blood-transfusion-threshold-for-hip-fracture-patients-a-consecutive-cohort-study-based-on-complete-follow-up-in-national-databases
#2
Bjarke Viberg, Per Hviid Gundtoft, Jesper Schønnemann, Lasse Pedersen, Lis Røhl Andersen, Kjell Titlestad, Carsten Fladmose Madsen, Jens Lauritsen, Søren Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that a restrictive red blood cell (RBC) transfusion strategy lowers transfusion frequency without affecting mortality. However, the external validity of these trials has not been tested in a large cohort. The purpose was to estimate the effect of introducing a National Clinical Guideline (NCG) for a restrictive hemoglobin transfusion threshold on transfusion frequency and mortality in hip fracture patients > 65 years old...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776362/apolipoprotein-b-apolipoprotein-a1-ratio-and-mortality-among-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#3
Xiaojiang Zhan, Yanbing Chen, Caixia Yan, Siyi Liu, Lijuan Deng, Yuting Yang, Panlin Qiu, Dan Pan, Bingxiang Zeng, Qinkai Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between the ratio of apolipoprotein B (apo B) / apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1) with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: Eight hundred and sixty incident PD patients were enrolled from November 1, 2005, to February 28, 2017, and followed until May 31, 2017. Outcomes were all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Associations between the apo B/apo A1 ratio with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events were evaluated using multivariable-adjusted Cox models...
May 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775973/safety-model-for-the-introduction-of-robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#4
Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Beatriz Taliberti da Costa Porto, Jose Pedro Parise Filho, Ana Luiz Vasconcelos, Bruna Fernanda Bottura, Renato Moretti Marques
OBJECTIVE:  To analyze the perioperative results and safety of performing gynecological surgeries using robot-assisted laparoscopy during implementation of the technique in a community hospital over a 6-year period. METHODS:  This was a retrospective observational study in which the medical records of 274 patients who underwent robotic surgery from September 2008 to December 2014 were analyzed. We evaluated age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, procedures performed, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, the presence of a proctor (experienced surgeon with at least 20 robotic cases), operative time, transfusion rate, perioperative complications, conversion rate, length of stay, referral to the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775674/the-prognostic-value-of-the-frontal-qrs-t-angle-is-comparable-to-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-regarding-long-term-mortality-in-people-with-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#5
O May, C B Graversen, M Ø Johansen, H Arildsen
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a well known prognostic marker in diabetes. A large angle between the QRS- and the T-wave vector (QRS-T angle) in the electrocardiogram (ECG) has recently been introduced as another marker of poor prognosis. AIM: To assess and compare the long-term predictive power of the frontal plane QRS-T angle with CAN in people with diabetes. METHODS: In 1992-93 people with diabetes in the municipality of Horsens, Denmark, were identified by the prescription method andan age and gender stratified sample of 240 individuals with diabetes were randomly selected...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775187/body-mass-index-is-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-after-tha-and-tka
#6
Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong, Elizabeth W Paxton, Tim Spelman, Robert S Namba, Maria C S Inacio
BACKGROUND: Both obesity and underweight are associated with a higher risk of mortality in adulthood, but the association between mortality after arthroplasty and extreme ranges of body mass index (BMI) have not been evaluated beyond the first year. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between BMI and all-cause mortality after TKA and THA. METHODS: Data from two arthroplasty registries, the St Vincent's Melbourne Arthroplasty (SMART) Registry from Australia and the Kaiser Permanente Total Joint Replacement Registry (KPTJRR) from the United States, were used to identify patients aged ≥ 18 years undergoing elective TKAs and THAs between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2013...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766437/serum-phosphate-levels-are-related-to-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-copd-mortality-in-men
#7
Natalia Campos-Obando, Lies Lahousse, Guy Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, André G Uitterlinden, M Carola Zillikens
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with increased mortality in chronic kidney disease but the nature of such a relation in the general population is unclear. To investigate the association between phosphate (P) levels and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, we assessed two cohorts from the Rotterdam Study, with follow-up of 14.5 (RS-I) and 10.9 (RS-II) years until January 2012 with availability of fasting phosphate levels. Deaths were classified according to International Classification of Diseases into 7 groups: cardiovascular, cancer, infections, external, dementia, chronic lung diseases and other causes...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760308/cardiovascular-outcome-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-endovascular-treatment-for-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-short-term-results-of-the-toma-code-registry
#8
Michiaki Higashitani, Yukari Uemura, Atsushi Mizuno, Makoto Utsunomiya, Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Akihiro Matsui, Shunsuke Ozaki, Kazuki Tobita, Atsushi Tosaka, Akitsugu Oida, Kenji Suzuki, Takahide Kodama, Kentaro Jujo, Tatsuki Doijiri, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Shunsuke Matsuno, Nobuhito Kaneko, Akira Moriguchi, Shohei Kishi, Hitoshi Anzai
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to clarify whether the preoperative clinical symptoms for endovascular therapy (EVT) can predict post-EVT death and cardiovascular prognosis in Japanese patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), including acute disease.Methods and Results:The TOkyo taMA peripheral vascular intervention research COmraDE (Toma-Code) Registry is a Japanese prospective cohort of 2,321 consecutive patients with PAD treated with EVT, in 34 hospitals in the Kanto and Kōshin'etsu regions, from August 2014 to August 2016...
May 11, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754672/trends-and-outcomes-of-cardiac-transplantation-from-donors-dying-of-drug-intoxication
#9
Haider J Warraich, Di Lu, Stacy Cobb, Lauren B Cooper, Adam DeVore, Chetan B Patel, Paul B Rosenberg, Jacob N Schroder, Mani A Daneshmand, Carmelo A Milano, Adrian F Hernandez, Joseph G Rogers, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Deaths from drug intoxication have increased in the United States but outcomes of recipients of orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) from these donors are not well characterized. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the United Network for Organ Sharing's STAR database between January 2000 and March 2014 and assessed mortality and retransplantation using adjusted Cox models by mechanism of donor death. RESULTS: Of the 31,660 OHTs from 2000 to 2014, 1233 (3...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752194/sex-specific-relevance-of-diabetes-to-occlusive-vascular-and-other-mortality-a-collaborative-meta-analysis-of-individual-data-from-980-793-adults-from-68-prospective-studies
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that diabetes confers a higher relative risk of vascular mortality among women than among men, but whether this increased relative risk in women exists across age groups and within defined levels of other risk factors is uncertain. We aimed to determine whether differences in established risk factors, such as blood pressure, BMI, smoking, and cholesterol, explain the higher relative risks of vascular mortality among women than among men. METHODS: In our meta-analysis, we obtained individual participant-level data from studies included in the Prospective Studies Collaboration and the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration that had obtained baseline information on age, sex, diabetes, total cholesterol, blood pressure, tobacco use, height, and weight...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751759/association-of-body-mass-index-and-outcomes-following-lobectomy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Cui Wang, Min Guo, Nan Zhang, Gongchao Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight have become increasingly prevalent, but no consensus has been reached regarding the effect of body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes. In this study, we sought to examine the influence of BMI on perioperative outcomes in a large cohort of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent lobectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 1198 patients who underwent lobectomy for primary NSCLC at Shandong Provincial Hospital between November 2006 and January 2017...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750056/is-age-at-menarche-associated-with-total-mortality-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#12
Marie Wasmuth Lundblad, Bjarne K Jacobsen
Purpose: Early age at menarche (AAM) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, including premature death from all causes, breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between AAM and all-cause mortality. Subjects and methods: A total of 12,409 women aged 25-94 years who took part in the fourth Tromsø Study in Norway during 1994-1995 were included in this prospective population-based study with a mean 18...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748060/haemodynamically-derived-pulmonary-artery-pulsatility-index-predicts-mortality-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#13
Sula Mazimba, Timothy S Welch, Hunter Mwansa, Khadijah K Breathett, Jamie L W Kennedy, Andrew D Mihalek, William C Harding, Manu M Mysore, David X Zhuo, Kenneth C Bilchick
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery (PA) pulsitility index (PAPi) is a novel haemodynamic index shown to predict right ventricular failure in acute inferior myocardial infarction and post left ventricular assist device surgery. We hypothesised that PAPi calculated as [PA systolic pressure - PA diastolic pressure]/right atrial pressure (RAP) would be associated with mortality in the National Institutes of Health Registry for Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (NIH-RPPH). METHODS: The impact of PAPi, the Pulmonary Hypertension Connection (PHC) risk score, right ventricular stroke work, pulmonary artery capacitance (PAC), other haemodynamic indices, and demographic characteristics was evaluated in 272 NIH-RPPH patients using multivariable Cox proportional hazards (CPH) regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
April 17, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742360/disparities-in-mortality-of-hispanic-cystic-fibrosis-patients-in-the-united-states-a-national-and-regional-cohort-study
#14
Jason Rho, Chul Ahn, Ang Gao, Gregory S Sawicki, Ashley Keller, Raksha Jain
RATIONALE: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients of Hispanic origin are the largest growing minority, representing 8.5% of CF patients in the United States. No national survival analysis of this group has ever been undertaken. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether Hispanic ethnicity within the CF population is associated with worse outcomes and whether any geographic differences exist. METHODS: Using U.S. CF Foundation Patient Registry data from 2010-2014, we performed a retrospective cohort analysis comparing survival rates between Hispanics and non-Hispanics using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739965/a-non-invasive-modifiable-healthy-ageing-nutrition-index-hani-predicts-longevity-in-free-living-older-taiwanese
#15
Yi-Chen Huang, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Chin Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Meei-Shyuan Lee
Nutritional factors contributing to disability and mortality are modifiable in later life. Indices would add utility. We developed a gender-specific Healthy Ageing Nutrition Index (HANI) for all-cause mortality in free-living elderly. We stratified 1898 participants aged ≥65 y from the 1999-2000 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan by region and randomly allocated them into development and validation sets. Linkage to the National Death Registry database until December 31, 2008 enabled mortality prediction using Cox proportional-hazards models...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739069/association-between-vitamin-d-status-and-sepsis
#16
Wei Zhou, Song Mao, Liangxia Wu, Jun Yu
BACKGROUND: It is well-established that vitamin D status is closely associated with the susceptibility to infections. We aimed to study the association between vitamin D status and sepsis risk and death, and also analyzed the correlation between vitamin D level and sepsis-related factors. METHODS: We searched the articles regarding the association between vitamin D level and sepsis through May 2017 in electronic databases. We pooled the data and analyzed the association between vitamin D level and sepsis risk, death, and albumin (ALB), mortality, body mass index (BMI), procalcitonin (PCT), male/female ratio, interleukin-6 (IL-6), platelet (PLT), c-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725649/impact-of-misclassification-of-obesity-by-body-mass-index-on-mortality-in-patients-with-ckd
#17
Ting-Yun Lin, Paik-Seong Lim, Szu-Chun Hung
Introduction: Unlike the general population, a higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater survival among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This "obesity paradox" may be due to limitations of BMI as a measure of adiposity in CKD. Both BMI and body fat percentage (BF%) are used to classify obesity, but outcomes may vary. Therefore, we investigated the 2 different cutoffs for diagnosing obesity (BMI ≥28 kg/m2 or BF% >25% for men and >35% for women) and the impact on all-cause mortality in CKD...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722604/kilocalorie-expenditure-and-all-cause-mortality-in-older-male-veterans-and-non-veterans
#18
Gina M McCaskill, Olivio J Clay, Peng Li, Richard E Kennedy, Kathryn L Burgio, Cynthia J Brown
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of self-reported leisure-time physical activity, converted to kilocalorie expenditure and expressed as average daily expenditure, on all-cause mortality among older males 65 years of age and older in the (SOUTH). Mean age of participants was 75.4 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models evaluated the predictors of overall survival. Kilocalorie expenditure (p = 0.01), black race (p = 0.02), young age (p < 0.00), fewer depressive symptoms (p = 0...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722039/mortality-from-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-south-west-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
M T Angamo, L Chalmers, C M Curtain, D Yilma, L Bereznicki
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are an important cause of mortality during medical care. To our knowledge, no Ethiopian studies have reported on mortality due to ADRs in patients presenting to hospital from the community setting. The aim of this study was to determine the mortality rate attributable to ADRs in patients presenting to hospital, identify drugs implicated in the ADR-related deaths and identify factors contributing to ADR-related mortality at Jimma University Specialised Hospital (JUSH), south-west Ethiopia METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1001 patients aged ≥18 years consecutively admitted to medical wards from May 2015 to August 2016...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720370/association-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-with-liver-cancer-incidence-and-chronic-liver-disease-mortality-in-finnish-male-smokers-of-the-atbc-study
#20
Gabriel Y Lai, Jian-Bing Wang, Stephanie J Weinstein, Dominick Parisi, Ronald L Horst, Katherine A McGlynn, Satu Männistö, Demetrius Albanes, Neal D Freedman
BACKGROUND: Although circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were linked to liver cancer and chronic liver disease (CLD) in laboratory studies, few epidemiologic studies have addressed the associations. METHODS: Within the ATBC Study, we measured 25(OH)D in baseline serum of 202 incident liver cancer cases and 225 CLD deaths that occurred during nearly 25 years of follow-up, and 427 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression...
May 2, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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