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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332015/post-traumatic-stress-and-growth-among-cpr-survivors-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#1
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Background Almost 7.2%-10.6% of patients survive CPR in Iran. Most of them experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). There are limited studies to assessing the correlation between these two psychological outcomes among CPR survivors. Objective This study aimed to examine the correlation between PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors in South-East Iran. Subjects Using Quota sampling, 163 CPR survivors in two provinces in the South-East of Iran were selected to participate in this study...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331650/echocardiographic-patterns-of-postresuscitation-myocardial-dysfunction
#2
Kyoung-Chul Cha, Hyung Il Kim, Oh Hyun Kim, Yong Sung Cha, Hyun Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Sung Oh Hwang
BACKGROUND: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction (PRMD) can develop after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest. However, echocardiographic patterns of PRMD remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate PRMD manifestations with serial echocardiography during the post-cardiac arrest period. METHODS: We enrolled non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients older than 19 years who underwent successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We excluded patients with myocardial infarction or pre-existing cardiac disease, including heart failure or myocardial disease...
January 10, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328383/oxymatrine-protects-against-the-effects-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-via-modulation-of-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad3-signaling-pathway
#3
Dawei Wang, Xiao Qian Lou, Xiao-Ming Jiang, Chenxi Yang, Xiao-Liang Liu, Nan Zhang
Previous studies have demonstrated that oxymatrine may inhibit ventricular remodeling and serves an important role in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. The present study investigated whether oxymatrine treatment protects against the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) via regulation of the transforming growth factor‑β1 (TGF‑β1)/mothers against decapentaplegic (Smad) signaling pathway. A CPR model was established in Sprague‑Dawley (SD) rats by asphyxiation, and rats were subsequently anaesthetized by intraperitoneal injection of chloral hydrate...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323705/the-protective-effects-of-distal-ischemic-treatment-on-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-permeability-in-the-hippocampus-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#4
Xiang Zhou, Liu Yong, Yang Huang, ShuiBo Zhu, XiaoYang Song, BiXi Li, Jian Zhu, HaiBo Wang
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction are the main cause of neurological injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the effects of distal ischemic treatments on ischemia-induced apoptosis are rarely studied, and the mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to CPR still unclear. METHODS: A rat model of distal ischemia was established by clipping the right femoral artery. Rats were divided into blank, model, pre-distal ischemic treatment, per-treatment, and post-treatment groups...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321118/a-comparison-of-carotid-doppler-ultrasonography-and-capnography-in-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-the-first-study
#5
Gökhan Yilmaz, Mustafa Silcan, Süha Serin, Bahadır Caglar, Özkan Erarslan, İsmet Parlak
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: The end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) measurement is accepted as the gold standard method for assessing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) efficacy. In recent studies, the use of Carotid Doppler Ultrasonography has become widespread in showing CPR efficacy. In the present study, the carotid blood flow measurement was compared with ETCO2 measurement and an evaluation was made of whether this method could be used as an alternative method to capnography in the assessment of CPR efficacy...
January 6, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317455/improving-temporal-trends-in-survival-and-neurological-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Jason E Buick, Ian R Drennan, Damon C Scales, Steven C Brooks, Adams Byers, Sheldon Cheskes, Katie N Dainty, Michael Feldman, P Richard Verbeek, Cathy Zhan, Alex Kiss, Laurie J Morrison, Steve Lin
BACKGROUND: Considerable effort has gone into improving outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Studies suggest that survival is improving; however, prior studies had insufficient data to pursue the relationship between markers of guideline compliance and temporal trends. The objective of the study was to evaluate trends in OHCA survival over an 8-year period that included the implementation of the 2005 and 2010 international cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317350/duration-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-patients-without-prehospital-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-results-from-a-severity-stratification-analysis
#7
Akira Funada, Yoshikazu Goto, Hayato Tada, Ryota Teramoto, Masaya Shimojima, Kenshi Hayashi, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Masakazu Yamagishi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and post-arrest outcomes based on severity stratification in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) remains unclear. METHODS: We analysed 420,959 adult patients without prehospital ROSC in the All-Japan OHCA registry for 4 years. Prehospital CPR duration was defined as the time from CPR initiation by emergency medical service (EMS) providers to hospital arrival...
January 6, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316468/analyzing-potential-effects-of-migration-on-coastal-resource-conservation-in-southeastern-ghana
#8
Carina Goldbach, Achim Schlüter, Marie Fujitani
Coastal areas are under increasing pressure from rapid human population growth, yet empirical research on the effect of migration on coastal and marine resources is scarce. We contribute to this understudied literature by conducting an original household survey in a coastal region of Southeastern Ghana. This study employs two proxies for pro-environmental behavior that have not, to our knowledge, been used in the context of coastal migration, to explicitly compare migrant and non-migrant populations. Environmental attitudes toward coastal resources and individual extraction behavior in common-pool resource (CPR) experiments have shown broad relevance in the literature to understand natural resource decision making...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315418/fertility-outcomes-in-women-experiencing-severe-complications-after-surgery-for-colorectal-endometriosis
#9
C Ferrier, H Roman, Y Alzahrani, E Mathieu d'Argent, S Bendifallah, N Marty, M Perez, C Rubod, P Collinet, E Daraï, M Ballester
STUDY QUESTION: What are the fertility outcomes in women wishing to conceive after experiencing a severe complication from surgical removal of colorectal endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The pregnancy rate (PR) among women who wished to conceive after a severe complication of surgery for colorectal endometriosis was 41.2% (spontaneously for 80%, after ART procedure for 20%). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: While the long-term benefit of surgery on pain and quality of life is well documented for women with colorectal endometriosis, it exposes women to the risk of severe complications...
January 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313566/factors-influencing-high-quality-chest-compressions-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-scenario-according-to-2015-american-heart-association-guidelines
#10
Halla Kaminska, Wojciech Wieczorek, Pawel Matysiuk, Lukasz Czyzewski, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Jacek Smereka, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Lukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent American Heart Association Guidelines from 2010 and 2015 year stressed the importance of high quality chest compression and define standards for compression rate, depth, recoil and maximal acceptable time for interruptions. High - quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the "cornerstone" of a system of care that can optimize outcomes beyond return of spontaneous circulation Methods: 100 medical students were enrolled to the study. Study participants after Basic Life Support Course according to American Heart Association 2015 guidelines performed 2-min cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Resusci Anne® QCPR Manikin...
January 9, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311180/the-day-i-died
#11
Julie M Stausmire, Mitchell G Greenbaum, Marie Morelli-Greenbaum
When I began experiencing chest pain that was different from my usual heartburn symptoms, I denied I could possibly be having a heart attack, but chewed 4 baby aspirin just in case. Despite years of community education about the need to call 911 and seek immediate emergency care when experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack, more than 350,000 individuals experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in 2016. Of those, only 12% survived. Bystander recognition of cardiac arrest and prompt intervention with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation is essential for out-of-hospital survival...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310980/breaking-your-heart-a-review-on-cpr-related-injuries
#12
Pradhum Ram, Ritesh G Menezes, Natee Sirinvaravong, Sushil Allen Luis, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Savita Lasrado, Glenn Eiger
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival after cardiac arrest, but is associated with the risk of acquired injuries to the patient. While traumatic chest wall injuries are most common, other injuries include upper airway, pulmonary and intra-abdominal injuries. This review discusses the risk factors and prevalence of CPR-related injuries.
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308754/-predictive-value-of-continuous-monitoring-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-partial-pressure-on-in-hospital-resuscitation-outcome-secondary-analysis-of-the-data-from-a-multicenter-observational-study
#13
Feng Sun, Chen Li, Yangyang Fu, Dingyu Tan, Shihuan Shao, Jun Xu, Huadong Zhu, Xuezhong Yu
OBJECTIVE: To approach the predictive value of continuous monitoring end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (PETCO2) on the outcome of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and explored the indicators of termination of resuscitation. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a multicenter observational study data was conducted. The screening aim was adult non-traumatic in-hospital CPR patients whose PETCO2 were recorded within 30 minutes of CPR. Clinical information was reviewed...
January 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307970/practices-and-perspectives-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-attempts-and-the-use-of-do-not-attempt-resuscitation-orders-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-sri-lanka
#14
Abi Beane, Pubudu De Silva Ambepitiyawaduge, Kaushila Thilakasiri, Tim Stephens, Anuruddha Padeniya, Priyantha Athapattu, Palitha G Mahipala, Ponsuge Chathurani Sigera, Arjen M Dondorp, Rashan Haniffa
Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) attempts, the perspectives of junior doctors involved in those attempts and the use of do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR) orders. Methods: A cross-sectional telephone survey aimed at intern doctors working in all medical/surgical wards in government hospitals. Interns were interviewed based on the above objective. Results: A total of 42 CPR attempts from 82 hospitals (338 wards) were reported, 3 of which were excluded as the participating doctor was unavailable for interview...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307806/characterization-anti-oxidation-and-anti-inflammation-of-polysaccharides-by-hypsizygus-marmoreus-against-lps-induced-toxicity-on-lung
#15
Min Liu, Shangshang Li, Xiuxiu Wang, Yongfa Zhu, Jianjun Zhang, Hui Liu, Le Jia
In our present work, the polysaccharides (MPS) were successfully extracted from the mycelia of Hypsizygus marmoreus, and purpose of our work was to evaluate the analysis of the characterization, antiflammation and antioxidation against the lung failure induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Pretreatment with MPS at 800mg/kg markedly ameliorated the lung wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio and pulmonary histopathological conditions, reduced the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1β levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305926/lower-dose-epinephrine-administration-and-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-outcomes
#16
Cameron A Fisk, Michele Olsufka, Lihua Yin, Andrew M McCoy, Andrew J Latimer, Charles Maynard, Graham Nichol, Jonathan Larsen, Leonard A Cobb, Michael R Sayre
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend administration of 1 mg of intravenous epinephrine every 3 to 5 minutes during cardiac arrest. The optimal dose of epinephrine is not known. We evaluated the association of reduced frequency and dose of epinephrine with survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Included were patients with non-traumatic OHCA treated by advanced life support (ALS) providers from January 1, 2008 to June 30, 2016...
January 3, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302698/out-of-hospital-airway-management-during-manual-compression-or-automated-chest-compression-devices-a%C3%A2-registry-based-analysis
#17
M Bernhard, N H Behrens, J Wnent, S Seewald, S Brenner, T Jantzen, A Bohn, J T Gräsner, M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Airway management during resuscitation is pivotal for treating hypoxia and inducing reoxygenation. This German Resuscitation Registry (GRR) analysis investigated the influence of the type of airway used in patients treated with manual chest compression (mCC) and automated chest compression devices (ACCD) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Out of 42,977 patients (1 January 2010-30 June 2016) information on outcome, airway management and method of chest compressions were available for 27,544 patients...
January 4, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302124/extracorporeal-life-support-as-a-rescue-measure-for-managing-life-threatening-arrythmia-and-brugada-syndrome
#18
Asaad G Beshish, Allison Weinberg, Waseem Ostwani, Gabe E Owens
We describe the use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) to transiently stabilize a 3-month-old patient who presented with ventricular tachyarrhythmias leading to spontaneous cardiac arrest. The patient required 4 days of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) where he was diagnosed with probable Brugada syndrome (BS). The patient was discharged home in stable condition after implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement. This case highlights the importance of early transfer to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) center in the setting of unexplained cardiac arrhythmia in a pediatric patient...
December 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300273/self-confidence-and-level-of-knowledge-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-14-to-18-year-old-schoolchildren-a-randomised-interventional-controlled-prospective-study-in-secondary-schools-in-germany
#19
Sabine Wingen, Daniel C Schroeder, Hannes Ecker, Susanne Steinhauser, Sibel Altin, Stephanie Stock, Alex Lechleuthner, Andreas Hohn, Bernd W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Education of schoolchildren in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a strategic goal for improvement of bystander CPR in society. OBJECTIVE(S): The primary objective was to analyse the impact of CPR training on the resuscitation knowledge and self-confidence of secondary schoolchildren. In addition, independent predictors of improved CPR knowledge and self-confidence were investigated. DESIGN: Prospective, randomised-interventional controlled study...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297956/hysteroscopy-after-repeated-implantation-failure-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Hanyu Cao, Di You, Mingwei Yuan, Mingrong Xi
We conducted this meta-analysis to explore the prognostic value of outpatient (or office) hysteroscopy (OH) preceding in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in women who had experienced repeated implantation failure (RIF), particularly in regard to the conflicting evidence reported by previous studies. Two reviewers independently searched Pubmed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase to identify all publications of clinical trials of hysteroscopy with or without endometrial biopsy in RIF patients...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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