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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758396/callous-unemotional-traits-and-the-relationship-between-aggressive-parenting-practices-and-conduct-problems-in-singaporean-families
#1
Khai Imm Sng, David J Hawes, Adrian Raine, Rebecca P Ang, Yoon Phaik Ooi, Daniel S S Fung
Research into parenting influences on child conduct problems in Asian countries has been limited compared to that conducted in Western countries, especially with regard to interplay between parenting and callous unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of guilt and empathy). This study examined associations between dimensions of aggressive parenting practices (psychological aggression, mild and severe physical aggression), dimensions of child aggression (proactive, reactive), and child CU traits, in Singapore. Participants were children and adolescents with clinic-referred externalizing problems (N = 282; 87...
May 11, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745702/a-longitudinal-twin-study-of-callous-unemotional-traits-during-childhood
#2
Jeffrey Henry, Ginette Dionne, Essi Viding, Amélie Petitclerc, Bei Feng, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
Previous research indicates that genetic factors largely account for the stability of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in adolescence. However, the genetic-environmental etiology of the development of CU traits has not been extensively investigated in childhood, despite work showing the reliable measurement and stability of CU traits from a young age. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal pattern of genetic and environmental etiology of CU traits across primary school, from school entry (7 years) to middle (9 and 10 years) and late childhood (12 years)...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734373/the-chinese-version-of-the-cognitive-affective-and-somatic-empathy-scale-for-children-validation-gender-invariance-and-associated-factors
#3
Jianghong Liu, Xin Qiao, Fanghong Dong, Adrian Raine
OBJECTIVES: Empathy is hypothesized to have several components, including affective, cognitive, and somatic contributors. The only validated, self-report measure to date that assesses all three forms of empathy is the Cognitive, Affective, and Somatic Empathy Scale (CASES), but no current study has reported the psychometric properties of this scale outside of the initial U.S. sample. This study reports the first psychometric analysis of a non-English translation of the CASES. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the factor structure of CASES as well as its associations with callous-unemotional traits in 860 male and female children (mean age 11...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728890/the-associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-symptoms-of-conduct-problems-hyperactivity-and-emotional-problems-a-study-of-adolescent-twins-screened-for-neurodevelopmental-problems
#4
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725317/psychopathy-to-altruism-neurobiology-of-the-selfish-selfless-spectrum
#5
REVIEW
James W H Sonne, Don M Gash
The age-old philosophical, biological, and social debate over the basic nature of humans as being "universally selfish" or "universally good" continues today highlighting sharply divergent views of natural social order. Here we analyze advances in biology, genetics and neuroscience increasing our understanding of the evolution, features and neurocircuitry of the human brain underlying behavior in the selfish-selfless spectrum. First, we examine evolutionary pressures for selection of altruistic traits in species with protracted periods of dependence on parents and communities for subsistence and acquisition of learned behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692293/understanding-the-link-between-exposure-to-violence-and-aggression-in-justice-involved-adolescents
#6
Tina D Wall Myers, Abigail Salcedo, Paul J Frick, James V Ray, Laura C Thornton, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
The current study advanced research on the link between community violence exposure and aggression by comparing the effects of violence exposure on different functions of aggression and by testing four potential (i.e., callous-unemotional traits, consideration of others, impulse control, and anxiety) mediators of this relationship. Analyses were conducted in an ethnically/racially diverse sample of 1,216 male first-time juvenile offenders (M = 15.30 years, SD = 1.29). Our results indicated that violence exposure had direct effects on both proactive and reactive aggression 18 months later...
May 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683187/early-warm-rewarding-parenting-moderates-the-genetic-contributions-to-callous-unemotional-traits-in-childhood
#7
Jeffrey Henry, Ginette Dionne, Essi Viding, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
BACKGROUND: Previous gene-environment interaction studies of CU traits have relied on the candidate gene approach, which does not account for the entire genetic load of complex phenotypes. Moreover, these studies have not examined the role of positive environmental factors such as warm/rewarding parenting. The aim of the present study was to determine whether early warm/rewarding parenting moderates the genetic contributions (i.e., heritability) to callous-unemotional (CU) traits at school age...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649258/clinician-ratings-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathic-personality-capp-in-a-representative-sample-of-spanish-prison-inmates-new-validity-evidence
#8
Gerardo Flórez, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez, Pilar A Saíz, David J Cooke
The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is a concept map of psychopathic personality disorder (PPD). The CAPP- Institutional Rating Scale (IRS) is a tool designed to assess CAPP symptoms in institutional settings. The CAPP contains 33 personality traits organized in six domains: attachment, behavioural, cognitive, dominance, emotional and self. Until now, much of the CAPP research has been conducted out of clinical, forensic and correctional settings using self-ratings. In the current study, the psychometric properties and construct validity of the CAPP-IRS were evaluated in a non-convenience sample of 204 Spanish convicts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628070/interactions-between-oxytocin-receptor-gene-methylation-and-callous-unemotional-traits-impact-socioaffective-brain-systems-in-conduct-disordered-offenders
#9
Moji Aghajani, Eduard T Klapwijk, Olivier F Colins, Christiane Ziegler, Katharina Domschke, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Nic J A van der Wee
BACKGROUND: The developmental trajectory of psychopathy seemingly begins early in life and includes the presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., perturbed socioaffective reactivity and empathy, callousness) in youths with conduct disorder (CD). Whereas oxytocin receptor gene methylation (OXTRMeth ) and its downstream neuromodulatory effects are deemed relevant to CU traits, nothing is known of how OXTRMeth interacts with CU traits to impact socioaffective brain systems in youngsters with CD...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594940/effect-of-comorbid-psychopathology-and-conduct-problem-severity-on-response-to-a-multi-component-intervention-for-childhood-disruptive-behavior
#10
Madison Aitken, Jordana A Waxman, Katie MacDonald, Brendan F Andrade
This study examined the effects of comorbid ADHD symptoms, internalizing psychopathology, Callous-Unemotional (CU) Traits, and conduct problem severity on children's response to an evidence-based psychosocial intervention. Clinic-referred children with DBD ages 8-12 years (N = 76) participated in a 15-week multi-component intervention. Parents provided weekly ratings of children's oppositionality-defiance, peer problems, and impairment. Oppositionality-defiance, peer problems, and impairment decreased significantly over the course of the intervention; however, there was considerable variability in weekly ratings...
March 29, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576681/psychopathic-personality-works-better-than-cu-traits-for-predicting-fearlessness-and-adhd-symptoms-among-children-with-conduct-problems
#11
Louise Frogner, Anna-Karin Andershed, Henrik Andershed
Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemotional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576680/callous-unemotional-traits-only-versus-the-multidimensional-psychopathy-construct-as-predictors-of-various-antisocial-outcomes-during-early-adolescence
#12
Henrik Andershed, Olivier F Colins, Randall T Salekin, Alexandros Lordos, Melina Nicole Kyranides, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576679/comparing-different-approaches-for-subtyping-children-with-conduct-problems-callous-unemotional-traits-only-versus-the-multidimensional-psychopathy-construct
#13
Olivier F Colins, Henrik Andershed, Randall T Salekin, Kostas A Fanti
The aim of this study was to compare two youth psychopathy models (i.e., callous-unemotional versus multidimensional model) in their ability to predict future and stable conduct problems (CP). At baseline, mothers and fathers of 321 boys and 369 girls (ages 7-12) completed measures that tap callous-unemotional and other psychopathic traits. Parent-reported CP was collected at baseline and at 6- and 12 month follow-ups. Children were assigned to mutually exclusive groups based on their levels of CP and psychopathic traits...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560903/representational-uncertainty-in-the-brain-during-threat-conditioning-and-the-link-with-psychopathic-traits
#14
Inti A Brazil, Christoph D Mathys, Arne Popma, Sylco S Hoppenbrouwers, Moran D Cohn
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy has repeatedly been linked to disturbed associative learning from aversive events (i.e., threat conditioning). Optimal threat conditioning requires the generation of internal representations of stimulus-outcome contingencies and the rate with which these may change. Because mental representations are imperfect, there will always be uncertainty about the accuracy of representations in the brain (i.e., representational uncertainty). However, it remains unclear 1) to what extent threat conditioning is susceptible to different types of uncertainty in representations about contingencies during the acquisition phase and 2) how representational uncertainty relates to psychopathic features...
November 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547077/testing-gender-differentiated-models-of-the-mechanisms-linking-polyvictimization-and-youth-offending-numbing-and-callousness-versus-dissociation-and-borderline-traits
#15
Patricia K Kerig, Crosby A Modrowski
The increasing prevalence of girls in the juvenile justice system suggests the importance of examining whether models of adolescent offending are differentiated by gender. Polyvictimization has emerged as a robust predictor of youth justice involvement, especially for girls, and research exploring mechanisms underlying the link between polyvictimization and offending suggests further gender differences in that callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been implicated in samples of boys whereas borderline personality (BP) traits have been implicated amongst girls...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532784/a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-family-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-young-people-seen-after-second-or-subsequent-episodes-of-self-harm-the-self-harm-intervention-family-therapy-shift-trial
#16
David J Cottrell, Alex Wright-Hughes, Michelle Collinson, Paula Boston, Ivan Eisler, Sarah Fortune, Elizabeth H Graham, Jonathan Green, Allan O House, Michael Kerfoot, David W Owens, Eirini-Christina Saloniki, Mima Simic, Sandy Tubeuf, Amanda J Farrin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm in adolescents is common and repetition rates high. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to reduce self-harm. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of family therapy (FT) compared with treatment as usual (TAU). DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, individually randomised controlled trial of FT compared with TAU. Participants and therapists were aware of treatment allocation; researchers were blind to allocation...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529888/executive-functioning-reward-punishment-sensitivity-and-conduct-problems-in-boys-with-callous-unemotional-traits
#17
Evelien Platje, Stephan C J Huijbregts, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Arne Popma, Maaike Cima, Hanna J T Swaab
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are thought to characterize children exhibiting persistent and severe conduct problems (CPs). Reward and punishment sensitivity have often been investigated, yet executive function problems have mostly been studied in adults. Moreover, the level of co-occurring CPs is important to take into account. Therefore, the current study investigated differences in reward responsivity, punishment sensitivity, and executive functioning (EF) between four subgroups of general community boys ( N = 346, Mage = 14...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527490/callous-unemotional-traits-and-brain-structure-sex-specific-effects-in-anterior-insula-of-typically-developing-youths
#18
Nora Maria Raschle, Willeke Martine Menks, Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum, Martin Steppan, Areti Smaragdi, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Jack Rogers, Roberta Clanton, Gregor Kohls, Anne Martinelli, Anka Bernhard, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Christine M Freitag, Graeme Fairchild, Stephane A De Brito, Christina Stadler
Callous-unemotional traits are characterized by a lack of empathy, a disregard for others' feelings and shallow or deficient affect, such as a lack of remorse or guilt. Neuroanatomical correlates of callous-unemotional traits have been demonstrated in clinical samples (i.e., adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders). However, it is unknown whether callous-unemotional traits are associated with neuroanatomical correlates within normative populations without clinical levels of aggression or antisocial behavior...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520586/consistency-of-limited-prosocial-emotions-across-occasions-sources-and-settings-trait-or-state-like-construct-in-a-young-community-sample
#19
Raquel Seijas, Mateu Servera, Gloria García-Banda, G Leonard Burns, Jonathan Preszler, Christopher T Barry, Kaylee Litson, Christian Geiser
Limited prosocial emotions (LPE, also referred to as callous-unemotional [CU] traits) are considered to reflect a more trait- than state-like construct. Our first objective was to determine the amount true score variance in CU/LPE that was consistent (trait consistency) over two occasions (12-month interval) of measurement versus specific (occasion-specificity) to each occasion. Our second objective was to determine the convergent validity of the consistent (trait) and occasion-specific (state) variance in CU/LPE symptom ratings within and across settings...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478120/callous-unemotional-traits-and-effortful-control-mediate-the-effect-of-parenting-intervention-on-preschool-conduct-problems
#20
Yoel Elizur, Lior Y Somech
Parenting intervention (PI) is an effective treatment for children's conduct problems (CP) that has been shown to be mediated by improved parenting practices and parenting self-efficacy. Recently, Hitkashrut's randomized controlled trial demonstrated that ineffective parenting (IP) mediated effects on callous-unemotional (CU) traits and effortful control (EC), while controlling for more general treatment effects on CP. These temperament and personality-based features predict the formation of early-onset antisocial trajectories with poor long-term prognosis...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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