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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792773/experiential-or-material-purchases-social-class-determines-purchase-happiness
#1
Jacob C Lee, Deborah L Hall, Wendy Wood
Which should people buy to make themselves happy: experiences or material goods? The answer depends in part on the level of resources already available in their lives. Across multiple studies using a range of methodologies, we found that individuals of higher social class, whose abundant resources make it possible to focus on self-development and self-expression, were made happier by experiential over material purchases. No such experiential advantage emerged for individuals of lower social class, whose lesser resources engender concern with resource management and wise use of limited finances...
May 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792738/integrated-interventional-radiology-residency-program-websites-a-development-in-progress
#2
Sherwin Novin, Paul H Yi, Taylor Vanderplas, Douglas Yim, Kelvin Hong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comprehensiveness of interventional radiology (IR) residency program websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined whether all integrated IR residency programs approved in 2016 by the Society for Interventional Radiology had a dedicated residency program website. On each website, we searched for 38 elements identified as important considerations for medical students applying to diagnostic radiology residency and IR fellowship programs...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792671/the-chemoattractant-glorin-is-inactivated-by-ester-cleavage-during-early-multicellular-development-of-polysphondylium-pallidum
#3
Daniel Heinrich, Robert Barnett, Luke Tweedy, Robert Insall, Pierre Stallforth, Thomas Winckler
Among the amoebozoan species capable of forming fruiting bodies, the dictyostelid social amoebae stand out since they form true multicellular organisms by means of single cell aggregation. Upon food depletion, cells migrate across gradients of extracellular signals initiated by cells in aggregation centers. The model species that is widely used to study multicellular development of social amoebae, Dictyostelium discoideum, uses cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) as a chemoattractant to coordinate aggregation...
May 24, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792444/automaticity-in-the-recognition-of-nonverbal-emotional-vocalizations
#4
César F Lima, Andrey Anikin, Ana Catarina Monteiro, Sophie K Scott, São Luís Castro
The ability to perceive the emotions of others is crucial for everyday social interactions. Important aspects of visual socioemotional processing, such as the recognition of facial expressions, are known to depend on largely automatic mechanisms. However, whether and how properties of automaticity extend to the auditory domain remains poorly understood. Here we ask if nonverbal auditory emotion recognition is a controlled deliberate or an automatic efficient process, using vocalizations such as laughter, crying, and screams...
May 24, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792174/perspectives-on-clinical-use-of-bioimpedance-in-hemodialysis-focus-group-interviews-with-renal-care-professionals
#5
Jenny Stenberg, Catrin Henriksson, Magnus Lindberg, Hans Furuland
BACKGROUND: Inadequate volume control may be a main contributor to poor survival and high mortality in hemodialysis patients. Bioimpedance measurement has the potential to improve fluid management, but several dialysis centers lack an agreed fluid management policy, and the method has not yet been implemented. Our aim was to identify renal care professionals' perceived barriers and facilitators for use of bioimpedance in clinical practice. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through four focus group interviews with 24 renal care professionals: dieticians, nephrologists and nurses, recruited voluntarily from a nation-wide selection of hemodialysis centers, having access to a bioimpedance-device...
May 23, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792087/effects-of-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-on-social-cognition-in-major-depression
#6
Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely, Vahid Nejati, Jon Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Social cognition is commonly affected in psychiatric disorders and is a determinant of quality of life. However, there are few studies of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy on social cognition in major depression. METHOD: This study used a parallel group randomized control design to compare pre-test and post-test social cognition scores between depressed participants receiving ISTDP and those allocated to a wait-list control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#7
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791732/care-for-child-development-in-rural-malawi-a-model-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#8
Melissa Gladstone, John Phuka, Richard Thindwa, Fatima Chitimbe, Kate Chidzalo, Jaya Chandna, Selena Gleadow Ware, Kenneth Maleta
Evidence demonstrates that encouraging stimulation, early communication, and nutrition improves child development. Detailed feasibility studies in real-world situations in Africa are limited. We piloted Care for Child Development through six health surveillance assistants (HSAs) in group and individual sessions with 60 caregivers and children <2 years and assessed recruitment, frequency, timings, and quality of intervention. We collected baseline/endline anthropometric, child development (MDAT), maternal stress (SRQ), and family care indicators (FCIs) data and determined acceptability through 20 interviews with caregivers and HSAs...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791637/board-games-gerotechnology-in-nursing-care-practice
#9
Paula Cristina de Andrade Pires Olympio, Neide Aparecida Titonelli Alvim
OBJECTIVE: To create a board game as a form of gerotechnology to promote active and healthy aging. METHOD: This was a qualitative, convergent care study conducted with 32 older adults. Individual interviews, creativity and sensitivity techniques, group discussions, and participant observations guided by Paulo Freire's theoretical framework of problematization were used to produce data. The participants and researchers assessed the entire production process at the end of the study, after the gerotechnology was implemented in the groups...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791615/health-literacy-and-self-rated-health-in-adults-primary-care-patients
#10
Suzana Raquel Lopes Marques, Andrezza Gonzalez Escarce, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose To verify the association between health literacy, social determinants and self-rated health in adult's primary health care patients. Methods this is an Observational cross-sectional study in which a total of 380 patients of the Unified Health System in the context of primary health care were interviewed. The sample was probabilistic, stratified by gender, age, and Basic Health Unit. Health literacy was evaluated by an instrument of analysis of the perception of adults about the understanding of health orientations and possible difficulties in this process (Health Literacy Scale)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791555/who-are-the-patients-with-tuberculosis-who-are-diagnosed-in-emergency-facilities-an-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#11
Otavio Tavares Ranzani, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Eliseu Alves Waldman, Elena Prina, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Early tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment are determinants of better outcomes and effective disease control. Although tuberculosis should ideally be managed in a primary care setting, a proportion of patients are diagnosed in emergency facilities (EFs). We sought to describe patient characteristics by place of tuberculosis diagnosis and determine whether the place of diagnosis is associated with treatment outcomes. A secondary objective was to determine whether municipal indicators are associated with the probability of tuberculosis diagnosis in EFs...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790831/informal-recyclers-health-inequities-in-vancouver-bc
#12
Josie Wittmer, Kate Parizeau
We explore informal recyclers' perceptions and experiences of the social determinants of health in Vancouver, Canada, and investigate the factors that contribute to the environmental health inequities they experience. Based on in-depth interviews with 40 informal recyclers and 7 key informants, we used a social determinants of health framework to detail the health threats that informal recyclers associated with their work and the factors that influenced their access to health-related resources and services...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790815/maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-children-s-adhd-diagnosis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#13
Lauren Okano, Yuelong Ji, Anne W Riley, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of mothers' psychosocial stressors before and during pregnancy with their children's diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study included 2140 mother-child pairs who had at least one postnatal pediatric visit at the Boston Medical Center between 2003 and 2015. Child ADHD was determined via International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes documented in electronic medical records...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790653/the-impact-of-living-with-morbid-obesity-on-psychological-need-frustration-a-study-with-bariatric-patients
#14
Ángel Megías, David González-Cutre, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, José M Gomis-Díaz, Eduardo Cervelló, Kimberley J Bartholomew
Guided by self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the previous experiences of living with morbid obesity of 10 postbariatric patients enrolled in a physical activity programme. Qualitative data were collected through interviews and diarized observations. A thematic analysis revealed that participants suffered from health and mobility troubles in their daily life and experienced stigmatization and discrimination in most areas of their social functioning. Participants described how these experiences resulted in the thwarting of their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness...
May 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790434/the-model-of-professional-satisfaction-of-nursing-staff-in-poland-brief-communication
#15
Danuta Kunecka, Łukasz Skowron
The aim of this study was to create an empirical model that would help understand how to obtain the optimal level of professional satisfaction among Polish nurses. The study was performed using a standardized questionnaire among 1066 nurses. Descriptive and explanatory methods have been used in the statistical analysis of path-analytic approaches. The simulations showed that the model that achieved the highest measure of fit was a simple one that included 15 thematic areas, determining the varying degrees of job satisfaction of Polish nurses...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790405/poor-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-psoriasis-and-a-successful-intervention
#16
Wei Wang, Ying Qiu, Fengying Zhao, Furen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The medication adherence of psoriasis patients may be influenced by a series combined internal and external factors. Effective methods for improving adherence could improve treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medication adherence in psoriasis patients in China and to test an intervention to improve psoriasis patients' adherence. METHODS: We investigated 200 patients with psoriasis using questionnaires to determine their medication adherence and the factors that influence adherence...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790231/a-qualitative-investigation-of-hospital-visitors-experiences-using-the-analytic-lens-of-liminality-informing-nursing-practice-and-policy
#17
Janet Underwood, Christine Rhodes
This research aimed to inform nursing practice and policy by identifying satisfying and problematic experiences of hospital visitors during the hospitalisation episode of a significant other. An extensive contextual review revealed that healthcare systems in advanced economies face multiple pressures and that in England, the government leaves the determination of hospital visiting rules to individual trusts. The analytic lens of liminality provides rich interpretations of visitors' accounts and demonstrates the importance to visitors of structure (hospital rules and systems) and communitas (social bonding among liminal personae)...
May 22, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789969/identification-of-risk-factors-for-toxicity-in-patients-with-hormone-receptor-positive-advanced-breast-cancer-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-letrozole-a-calgb-40503-alliance-correlative-study
#18
Daneng Li, Linda M McCall, Olwen M Hahn, Clifford A Hudis, Harvey J Cohen, Hyman B Muss, Aminah Jatoi, Jacqueline M Lafky, Karla V Ballman, Eric P Winer, Debu Tripathy, Bryan Schneider, William Barry, Maura N Dickler, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: In hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer, a progression-free survival benefit was reported with addition of bevacizumab to first-line letrozole. However, increased toxicity was observed. We hypothesized that functional age measures could be used to identify patients at risk for toxicity while receiving letrozole plus bevacizumab for hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. METHODS: CALGB 40503 was a phase III trial that enrolled patients with hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer randomized to letrozole with or without bevacizumab...
May 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789087/individual-differences-in-adaptability-to-isolated-confined-and-extreme-environments
#19
Paul T Bartone, Gerald P Krueger, Jocelyn V Bartone
INTRODUCTION: Future deep space missions will expose astronauts to more intense stressors than previously encountered. Isolation will be greater and more prolonged, living and work areas more confined, and communications and resupply channels to Earth longer and less reliable. Astronauts will need to function more autonomously, with less guidance and support from Earth. Thus, it is important to select and train astronauts who can adapt and function effectively under extreme and variable conditions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789045/getting-paid-for-clinical-services
#20
Caren McHenry Martin
Increasingly, pharmacists are providing advanced, patient-centered clinical services. However, pharmacists are not currently included in key sections of the Social Security Act, which determines eligibility to bill and be reimbursed by Medicare. Many state and private health plans also cite the omission from Medicare as the rationale for excluding reimbursement of pharmacists for clinical services. This has prompted forward-thinking pharmacists to seek opportunities for reimbursement in other ways, allowing them to provide value to the health care system, while carving out unique niches for pharmacists to care for patients...
May 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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