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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544295/citation-indices-for-social-media-articles-in-urology
#1
Ross J S Calopedos, Cindy Garcia, Prem Rashid, Declan G Murphy, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Henry H Woo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of publications on urological participation in social media (SoMe) by virtue of citations in the urological and non-urological literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On 15 March 2016, a PubMed search was undertaken using the names of the major SoMe platforms in current use and associated with the field of urology. The search term 'urolog*' was used to specifically capture articles that could be associated with 'urology', 'urologist' or 'urological'...
May 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544054/associations-between-prevalence-of-adult-atopic-dermatitis-and-occupational-characteristics
#2
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
AIM: To examine the prevalence of adult atopic dermatitis according to occupational status. BACKGROUND: While atopic dermatitis is more prevalent among children, some adults also suffer from it. The disease causes considerable difficulty in these adults' social lives at school or work, suggesting that they require high-quality health care. Given the chronic nature and environmental determinants of atopic dermatitis, its associations with occupational characteristics must be clarified...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543095/psychological-mechanisms-and-the-ups-and-downs-of-personal-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#3
Alyson L Dodd, Barbara Mezes, Fiona Lobban, Steven H Jones
BACKGROUND: Personal recovery is recognized as an important outcome for individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) and is distinct from symptomatic and functional recovery. Recovery-focused psychological therapies show promise. As with therapies aiming to delay relapse and improve symptoms, research on the psychological mechanisms underlying recovery is crucial to inform effective recovery-focused therapy. However, empirical work is limited. This study investigated whether negative beliefs about mood swings and self-referent appraisals of mood-related experiences were negatively associated with personal recovery...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542978/procedural-outcomes-and-long-term-survival-following-lead-extraction-in-octogenarians
#4
Mikhael F El-Chami, Michael N Sayegh, Adarsh Patel, Jad El-Khalil, Yaanik Desai, Angel R Leon, Faisal M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Octogenarians account for a significant percentage of patients with indwelling pacemakers or defibrillators. OBJECTIVES: To determine procedural outcomes and long-term survival after Lead Extraction (LE) in octogenarians. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients who underwent defibrillator or pacemaker LE at our institution between January 1(st) 2007 and May 31(st) 2016. Patients were stratified based on age into two groups: < 80 years old (Group 1, n = 674) or ≥ 80 (Group 2, n = 100)...
May 24, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542797/application-of-geographic-information-systems-to-investigating-associations-between-social-status-and-burial-location-in-medieval-trino-vercellese-piedmont-italy
#5
Marissa C Stewart, Giuseppe Vercellotti
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status differences in skeletal populations are often inferred from skeletal indicators of stress and burial location. However, to date, the association between osteometric parameters and spatial location in relation to socioeconomic status in medieval Italy has not been explicitly tested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the spatial distribution of osteometric data in the medieval (8th-13th c.) cemetery of San Michele di Trino (Trino Vercellese, VC, Italy) to determine whether skeletal correlates of socioeconomic status correspond with privileged burial locations...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542739/afternoon-cortisol-provides-a-link-between-self-regulated-anger-and-peer-reported-aggression-in-typically-developing-children-in-the-school-context
#7
Eva Oberle, Kaitlyn McLachlan, Nicole L A Catherine, Ursula Brain, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Joanne Weinberg, Tim F Oberlander
Aggression jeopardizes positive development in children and predicts social and academic maladjustment in school. The present study determined the relationships among anger dysregulation (a marker of emotion regulation), cortisol activity (a biomarker of stress), and peer-nominated aggression in typically developing children in their everyday classroom setting (N = 151, Mean age = 10.86, SD =.74). Salivary cortisol was collected at 09:15, 11:45, and 14:45 hr across 4 consecutive days. Children provided self-reports of anger regulation; peers reported proactive and reactive aggressive behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542656/-social-and-family-factors-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-children-in-schools-from-piura-peru
#8
Fiorela E Solano, Martin A Vilela-Estrada, Jessica Meza-Liviapoma, Mary M Araujo-Chumacero, Ana L Vilela-Estrada, Christian R Mejia
To determine the socio-familial factors associated with quality of life within the family in children of schools in Piura, Peru. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of children between 3 to 6 years in schools in the city of Piura, Perú. The quality of life was measured by the HOME test, with data adjusted to the Machover and Koppitz test, and were also associated with other social and family variables. P values were obtained by generalised linear models, adjusting for the residence of each subject...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542322/transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-medical-care-a-survey-in-young-persons-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Antje Timmer, Jenny Peplies, Max Westphal, Birgit Kaltz, Antje Ballauff, Martin Claßen, Martin W Laass, Sibylle Koletzko
BACKGROUND: Transition to adult health services is a vulnerable phase in young persons with chronic disease. We describe how young persons with inflammatory bowel disease in Germany and Austria experience care during the transitional age, focusing on differences by type of provider (pediatric vs. adult specialist, no specialist). METHODS: This was a follow up survey in patients previously registered with a pediatric IBD registry. Patients aged 15 to 25 received a postal questionnaire, including a measure of health care experience and satisfaction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542181/the-varieties-of-contemplative-experience-a-mixed-methods-study-of-meditation-related-challenges-in-western-buddhists
#10
Jared R Lindahl, Nathan E Fisher, David J Cooper, Rochelle K Rosen, Willoughby B Britton
Buddhist-derived meditation practices are currently being employed as a popular form of health promotion. While meditation programs draw inspiration from Buddhist textual sources for the benefits of meditation, these sources also acknowledge a wide range of other effects beyond health-related outcomes. The Varieties of Contemplative Experience study investigates meditation-related experiences that are typically underreported, particularly experiences that are described as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, and/or requiring additional support...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542018/rehabilitation-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-cochlear-implant-outcomes-in-older-adults
#11
Liyang Tang, Carol B Thompson, James H Clark, Kristin M Ceh, Jennifer D Yeagle, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: The cochlear implant (CI) has been shown to be associated with better hearing, cognitive abilities, and functional independence. There is variability however in how much benefit each recipient derives from his or her CI. This study's primary objective is to determine the effects of individual and environmental characteristics on CI outcomes. DESIGN: Seventy-six adults who developed postlingual severe to profound hearing loss and received their first unilateral CI at 65 years and older were eligible for the study...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541537/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-mortality-in-a-developing-country-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-longitudinal-survey-of-indonesian-adults
#12
Nikkil Sudharsanan
Objectives: To estimate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and adult mortality in Indonesia and determine the contribution of adult behavioral risk factors to SES differences in mortality. Methods: Discrete failure-time regression models and period life tables were used to estimate life expectancy at age 30 (e30) across wealth and consumption groups by sex and urban/rural residence. Results: For urban men, e30 increases by an average of 1...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541397/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-people-aged-75-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-bordeaux-three-city-study
#13
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Leslie Grasset, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Robin Genuer, Cecile Proust-Lima, Karine Péres, Catherine Féart, Hélène Amieva, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Catherine Helmer, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray, Jean François Dartigues
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are often the result of cumulative insults to multiple organ systems and are considered common in older adults. However, their frequency and co-occurrence are not well known in the elderly population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of several GSs and to analyze the co-occurrence of these syndromes in a general population of elderly individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 630 adults aged 75 years or older participating in the 10-year follow-up of the Bordeaux sample of the French Three-City Study was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#14
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540866/electrophysiological-signatures-of-atypical-intrinsic-brain-connectivity-networks-in-autism
#15
Guofa Shou, Matthew W Mosconi, Jun Wang, Lauren E Ethridge, John A Sweeney, Lei Ding
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal local and long-range brain connectivity have been widely reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet the nature of these abnormalities and their functional relevance at distinct cortical rhythms remains unknown. Investigations of intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) and their coherence across whole brain networks hold promise for determining whether patterns of functional connectivity abnormalities vary across frequencies and networks in ASD. In the present study, we aimed to probe atypical intrinsic brain connectivity networks in ASD from resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) data via characterizing the whole brain network...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540259/conceptual-models-of-social-determinants-of-health-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Sayyed Morteza Hosseini Shokouh, Mohammad Arab, Sara Emamgholipour, Arash Rashidian, Ali Montazeri, Rouhollah Zaboli
BACKGROUND: There are several conflicting conceptual models to explain social determinants of health (SDH) as responsible for most health inequalities. This study aimed to present these models in historical perspective and provide main component of SDH models as an SES indicators. METHODS: This was a narrative study using international databases to retrieve literature dealing with conceptual models of SDH. All publication in English language until Mar 2015 was included...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539519/positive-social-behaviours-are-induced-and-retained-after-oxytocin-manipulations-mimicking-endogenous-concentrations-in-a-wild-mammal
#17
Kelly J Robinson, Sean D Twiss, Neil Hazon, Simon Moss, Patrick P Pomeroy
The neuropeptide hormone oxytocin modulates numerous social and parental behaviours across a wide range of species, including humans. We conducted manipulation experiments on wild grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to determine whether oxytocin increases proximity-seeking behaviour, which has previously been correlated with endogenous oxytocin concentrations in wild seal populations. Pairs of seals that had never met previously were given intravenous injections of 0.41 µg kg(-1) oxytocin or saline and were observed for 1 h post-manipulation...
May 31, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539302/diversity-in-older-adults-use-of-the-internet-identifying-subgroups-through-latent-class-analysis
#18
Leonieke C van Boekel, Sebastiaan Tm Peek, Katrien G Luijkx
BACKGROUND: As for all individuals, the Internet is important in the everyday life of older adults. Research on older adults' use of the Internet has merely focused on users versus nonusers and consequences of Internet use and nonuse. Older adults are a heterogeneous group, which may implicate that their use of the Internet is diverse as well. Older adults can use the Internet for different activities, and this usage can be of influence on benefits the Internet can have for them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the diversity or heterogeneity in the activities for which older adults use the Internet and determine whether diversity is related to social or health-related variables...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539133/gender-differences-in-the-trajectories-and-the-risk-factors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#19
Jiae Lee, Soong-Nang Jang, Sung-Il Cho
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated changes in the trajectories of depressive symptoms in the elderly and attempted to identify risk factors that influence these changes according to gender. METHODS: All data were obtained from a subsample of subjects who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing between 2006 and 2012; 3,667 individuals (1,566 men and 2,101 women) aged 60 years and older were included in the present study. A group-based trajectory model was employed to determine the appropriate number of groups and to observe changes in depressive symptoms according to research year...
May 25, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538982/association-of-late-adolescent-personality-with-risk-for-subsequent-serious-mental-illness-among-men-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort-study
#20
Joseph F Hayes, David P J Osborn, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, Andreas Lundin
Importance: Understanding of personality as an independent risk factor for serious mental illness (SMI) remains limited. Recently, overlap between the polygenic basis for specific personality traits and specific SMIs has been identified. Objective: To determine the association of the adolescent personality domains of social maturity, mental energy, and emotional stability with later diagnosis of SMI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This longitudinal cohort study enrolled Swedish male military conscripts aged 18 or 19 years from January 1, 1974, through December 31, 1997...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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