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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738263/prenatal-exposure-to-pm2-5-and-birth-weight-a-pooled-analysis-from-three-north-american-longitudinal-pregnancy-cohort-studies
#1
Maria José Rosa, Ashley Pajak, Allan C Just, Perry E Sheffield, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Brent Coull, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Andrea A Baccarelli, Kathi Huddleston, John E Niederhuber, Martha María Téllez Rojo, Robert O Wright, Chris Gennings, Rosalind J Wright
A common practice when analyzing multi-site epidemiological data is to include a term for 'site' to account for unmeasured effects at each location. This practice should be carefully considered when site can have complex relationships with important demographic and exposure variables. We leverage data from three longitudinal North American pregnancy cohorts to demonstrate a novel method to assess study heterogeneity and potential combinability of studies for pooled analyses in order to better understand how to consider site in analyses...
July 21, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738213/determinants-of-the-magnitude-of-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-mortality-a-study-of-17-european-countries
#2
Johan P Mackenbach, Matthias Bopp, Patrick Deboosere, Katalin Kovacs, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Rianne de Gelder
The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970-2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty...
July 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738070/determinants-associated-with-deprivation-in-multimorbid-patients-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#3
Silja Leiser, Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, A Alexandra N'Goran, Jérôme Pasquier, Sven Streit, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Andreas Zeller, Dagmar M Haller, Lilli Herzig, Patrick Bodenmann
BACKGROUND: Deprivation usually encompasses material, social, and health components. It has been shown to be associated with greater risks of developing chronic health conditions and of worse outcome in multimorbidity. The DipCare questionnaire, an instrument developed and validated in Switzerland for use in primary care, identifies patients subject to potentially higher levels of deprivation. OBJECTIVES: To identifying determinants of the material, social, and health profiles associated with deprivation in a sample of multimorbid, primary care patients, and thus set priorities in screening for deprivation in this population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737362/-ethnography-of-the-determinants-of-eating-behaviour-in-diabetic-schooolchildren-in-yaounde
#4
Mathilde Matchika Megaptché, André Wamba
Objective: Failure to comply with dietary recommendations exposes young insulin-dependent diabetics to a risk of acute complications of diabetes and is a subject of major concern for health care professionals, who expected young diabetics to effectively adopt the recommended eating behaviour based on the revised diet. However, the revised diet initiated by health care professionals in Cameroon has been shown to have a limited efficacy. The objective of this study was to elucidate the motivations underlying poor compliance young diabetics with dietary recommendations and which simultaneously determine their eating behaviour...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737192/-socioeconomical-level-and-behavior-in-school-age-children-the-mediating-role-of-parents
#5
Natalia Ulloa Vidal, Félix Cova Solar, Claudio Bustos N
A determinant of particular relevance in human development is the socioeconomic status (SES) and, specifically, low SES and poverty. Likewise, family environment is essential in the development of children and a potential mediator or moderator of the effect of broader social conditions. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of parenting stress as a mediating variable of the relationship between SES and both externalized and internalized behaviors in preschool children. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Descriptive secondary base study based on the Longitudinal Survey of Chilean First Infancy that selected a stratified sample, representative by clusters, of 9...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#6
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736796/longitudinal-research-on-aging-drivers-longroad-study-design-and-methods
#7
Guohua Li, David W Eby, Robert Santos, Thelma J Mielenz, Lisa J Molnar, David Strogatz, Marian E Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lindsay H Ryan, Vanya Jones, Samantha I Pitts, Linda L Hill, Charles J DiMaggio, David LeBlanc, Howard F Andrews
BACKGROUND: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. METHODS: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#8
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736534/self-organizing-complex-networks-individual-versus-global-rules
#9
Korosh Mahmoodi, Bruce J West, Paolo Grigolini
We introduce a form of Self-Organized Criticality (SOC) inspired by the new generation of evolutionary game theory, which ranges from physiology to sociology. The single individuals are the nodes of a composite network, equivalent to two interacting subnetworks, one leading to strategy choices made by the individuals under the influence of the choices of their nearest neighbors and the other measuring the Prisoner's Dilemma Game payoffs of these choices. The interaction between the two networks is established by making the imitation strength K increase or decrease according to whether the last two payoffs increase or decrease upon increasing or decreasing K...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736404/factors-that-facilitate-addressing-social-determinants-of-health-throughout-community-based-participatory-research-processes
#10
Rebecca Paradiso de Sayu, Shannon M Sparks
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is one approach to addressing health disparities. Considering social conditions that foster disparate health outcomes is a strength of CBPR studies that move beyond a more narrow focus on modifying individual health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This article examines factors that facilitate addressing the social determinants of health (SDH) throughout a CBPR process. METHODS: Conducting an extensive literature review of relevant key terms and, subsequently, using purposeful snowball sampling, we identified ten CBPR partnerships that addressed SDH and conducted semistructured interviews followed by qualitative content analysis...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736069/differences-between-cravings-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-with-or-without-dual-pathology-in-outpatient-treatment-a-descriptive-study
#11
María Robles-Martínez, Miguel Ángel García-Carretero, Juan Gibert, Raúl Felipe Palma-Álvarez, Alfonso Carlos Abad, Marta Sorribes, Carlos Roncero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Dual diagnosis is the coexistence of an addictive disorder and another mental disorder. The objective is to estimate cravings and self-reported quality of life in a sample of patients with alcoholic dependence, with or without dual pathology, who attend an outpatient treatment centre. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 112 patients (56 dual and 56 non-dual), diagnosed with alcohol dependence according to DSM-IV-TR. The presence of cravings is determined by the Multidimensional Alcohol Craving Scale and quality of life through the SF-36 Health Questionnaire...
July 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735699/establishing-clinical-cutoffs-for-response-and-remission-on-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-scared
#12
Nicole E Caporino, Dara Sakolsky, Douglas M Brodman, Joseph F McGuire, John Piacentini, Tara S Peris, Golda S Ginsburg, John T Walkup, Satish Iyengar, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal percent reduction and raw score cutoffs on the parent- and child-report Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) for predicting treatment response and remission among youth with anxiety disorders. METHOD: Data were obtained from youth (N = 438; 7-17 years old) who completed treatment in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study, a multisite, randomized clinical trial that examined the relative efficacy of medication (sertraline), cognitive-behavioral therapy (Coping Cat), their combination, and pill placebo for the treatment of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732722/-prevalence-in-the-performance-of-mammographies-in-spain-analysis-by-communities-2006-2014-and-influencing-factors
#13
Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres, Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca, Noelia María Martín-Espinosa, Rosa María Piriz-Campos, José Alberto Laredo-Aguilera, María Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of the performance of mammography with preventive purpose of the screening of breast cancer in Spanish women, the evolution between the years 2006-2014, the sociodemographic profile of the women who undergo the mammography and to analyze the factors that influence in their adhesion. DESIGN: Transversal study. SITES: Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 53.628 women over 15 years old that are surveyed in the National Health Survey in Spain 2006 and 2011/12 and the European Health Survey in Spain 2009 and 2014...
July 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732498/a-qualitative-study-on-the-intersectional-social-determinants-for-indigenous-people-who-become-infected-with-hiv-in-their-youth
#14
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must begin with understanding that social determinants are intersectional and linked to the historical legacy of European colonization. In this paper findings that detail the influence of the intersectional social determinants on Indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth are presented...
July 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732496/accuracy-and-determinants-of-perceived-hiv-risk-among-young-women-in-south-africa
#15
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Atheendar S Venkataramani
BACKGROUND: HIV risk perceptions are a key determinant of HIV testing. The success of efforts to achieve an AIDS-free generation - including reaching the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target - thus depends critically on the content of these perceptions. We examined the accuracy of HIV-risk perceptions and their correlates among young black women in South Africa, a group with one of the highest HIV incidence rates worldwide. METHODS: We used individual-level longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) from 2005 to 2009 on black African women (20-30 years old in 2009) to assess the association between perceived HIV-risk in 2005 and the probability of testing HIV-positive four years later...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735258/risk-of-rehospitalisation-and-death-for-vulnerable-new-zealand-children
#16
Jane Oliver, Tim Foster, Amanda Kvalsvig, Deborah A Williamson, Michael G Baker, Nevil Pierse
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable need to improve the effectiveness of healthcare to reduce morbidity and mortality. Child hospitalisations are influenced by determinants of health, including the home environment. Our aims were: (1) To investigate whether children hospitalised with potentially avoidable conditions thought to be associated with the home have an increased risk of rehospitalisation and death, (2) To investigate whether children hospitalised with particular subgroups of potentially avoidable conditions have an increased risk of rehospitalisation and death, (3) To assess the usefulness of these subgroups for identifying at-risk children...
July 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734504/-relationship-between-family-variables-and-conjugal-adjustment
#17
Nerea Jiménez-Picón, Joaquín-Salvador Lima-Rodríguez, Marta Lima-Serrano
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family variables, such as type of relationship, years of marriage, existence of offspring, number of members of family, stage of family life cycle, transition between stages, perceived social support, and/or stressful life events are related to conjugal adjustment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and correlational study using questionnaires. LOCATION: Primary care and hospital units of selected centres in the province of Seville, Spain...
July 19, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734502/-validation-of-a-prevention-and-detection-procedure-for-physical-and-economic-abuse-of-the-elderly
#18
Marije Goikoetxea Iturregui, Alvaro Moro Inchartieta, Natxo Martínez Rueda
INTRODUCTION: The study carried out for the «Physical and economic abuse sign detection procedure for the elderly in the Basque Country» Pilotage and Validation is described. There barely exist appropriate and validated tools to assist the issue, and the existing ones are hardly adequate for people with cognitive deterioration; therefore, the issue's both visibility in our society and professional intervention are strained. The proposed procedure is a composed by screening tool that determines a likelihood of abuse and an evaluation of signs for determining the abuse practice...
July 19, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#19
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#20
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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