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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654972/effect-of-electronic-reminders-financial-incentives-and-social-support-on-outcomes-after-myocardial-infarction-the-heartstrong-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Kevin G Volpp, Andrea B Troxel, Shivan J Mehta, Laurie Norton, Jingsan Zhu, Raymond Lim, Wenli Wang, Noora Marcus, Christian Terwiesch, Kristen Caldarella, Tova Levin, Mike Relish, Nathan Negin, Aaron Smith-McLallen, Richard Snyder, Claire M Spettell, Brian Drachman, Daniel Kolansky, David A Asch
Importance: Adherence to medications prescribed after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is low. Wireless technology and behavioral economic approaches have shown promise in improving health behaviors. Objective: To determine whether a system of medication reminders using financial incentives and social support delays subsequent vascular events in patients following AMI compared with usual care. Design, Setting, and Participants: Two-arm, randomized clinical trial with a 12-month intervention conducted from 2013 through 2016...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653286/user-input-in-iterative-design-for-prevention-product-development-leveraging-interdisciplinary-methods-to-optimize-effectiveness
#2
Kate M Guthrie, Rochelle K Rosen, Sara E Vargas, Melissa Guillen, Arielle L Steger, Melissa L Getz, Kelley A Smith, Jaime J Ramirez, Erna M Kojic
The development of HIV-preventive topical vaginal microbicides has been challenged by a lack of sufficient adherence in later stage clinical trials to confidently evaluate effectiveness. This dilemma has highlighted the need to integrate translational research earlier in the drug development process, essentially applying behavioral science to facilitate the advances of basic science with respect to the uptake and use of biomedical prevention technologies. In the last several years, there has been an increasing recognition that the user experience, specifically the sensory experience, as well as the role of meaning-making elicited by those sensations, may play a more substantive role than previously thought...
June 26, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652072/evaluation-of-a-hepatitis-c-education-intervention-with-clients-enrolled-in-methadone-maintenance-and-needle-syringe-programs-in-malaysia
#4
Trena I Mukherjee, Veena Pillai, Siti Hafizah Ali, Frederick L Altice, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Jeffrey A Wickersham
BACKGROUND: Approximately 40%-90% of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Malaysia have hepatitis C (HCV). PWID continue to be disproportionately affected by HCV due to their lack of knowledge, perceived risk and interest in HCV treatment. Education interventions may be an effective strategy for increasing HCV knowledge in PWID, and harm reduction services are uniquely positioned to implement and deploy such interventions. METHODS: We recruited 176 clients from methadone maintenance treatment (MMT: N=110) and needle/syringe programs (NSP: N=66) between November 2015 and August 2016...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651601/health-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries
#5
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking among university students has been globally recognized as a major public health burden. In the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, studies on this issue have been scant, country-specific and in different time frames. The aim of this study was to identify social and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among university students in nine ASEAN countries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among 8809 undergraduate university students from 13 universities in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam using self-administered questionnaire...
June 26, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651345/prioritizing-quality-measure-concepts-at-the-interface-of-behavioral-and-physical-healthcare
#6
Harold Alan Pincus, Mingjie Li, Deborah M Scharf, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Matthew L Goldman, Parashar P Ramanuj, Erin K Ferenchick
Objective: Integrated healthcare models can increase access to care, improve healthcare quality, and reduce cost for individuals with behavioral and general medical healthcare needs, yet there are few instruments for measuring the quality of integrated care. In this study, we identified and prioritized concepts that can represent the quality of integrated behavioral health and general medical care. Design: We conducted a literature review to identify candidate measure concepts...
June 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650248/health-services-utilization-among-fee-for-service-medicare-and-medicaid-patients-under-age-65-with-behavioral-health-illness-at-an-urban-safety-net-hospital
#7
Ramon S Cancino, Brian W Jack, John Jarvis, Alice Kate Cummings, Ellie Cooper, Pierre-Yves Cremieux, James F Burgess
BACKGROUND: In 2011, fee-for-service patients with both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligible) sustained $319.5 billion in health care costs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the emergency department (ED) use and hospital admissions of adult dual eligible patients aged under 65 years who used an urban safety net hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective database analysis of patients aged between 18 and 65 years with Medicare and Medicaid, who used an urban safety net academic health center between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2011...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649427/global-rise-of-potential-health-hazards-caused-by-blue-light-induced-circadian-disruption-in-modern-aging-societies
#8
REVIEW
Megumi Hatori, Claude Gronfier, Russell N Van Gelder, Paul S Bernstein, Josep Carreras, Satchidananda Panda, Frederick Marks, David Sliney, Charles E Hunt, Tsuyoshi Hirota, Toshiharu Furukawa, Kazuo Tsubota
Mammals receive light information through the eyes, which perform two major functions: image forming vision to see objects and non-image forming adaptation of physiology and behavior to light. Cone and rod photoreceptors form images and send the information via retinal ganglion cells to the brain for image reconstruction. In contrast, nonimage-forming photoresponses vary widely from adjustment of pupil diameter to adaptation of the circadian clock. nonimage-forming responses are mediated by retinal ganglion cells expressing the photopigment melanopsin...
2017: NPJ Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648353/healthcare-contact-and-treatment-uptake-following-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-and-counseling-among-rural-appalachian-people-who-use-drugs
#9
Dustin B Stephens, April M Young, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a major contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Since 2009, Kentucky has led the United States in cases of acute HCV, driven largely by injection drug use in rural areas. Improved treatment regimens hold promise of mitigating the impact and transmission of HCV, but numerous barriers obstruct people who inject drugs (PWID) from receiving care, particularly in medically underserved settings. METHODS: 503 rural people who use drugs were recruited using respondent-driven sampling and received HCV screening and post-test counseling...
June 22, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#10
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646373/ethical-challenges-unique-to-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-pcbh-model
#11
Christine N Runyan, Stephanie Carter-Henry, Stacy Ogbeide
The interprofessional nature of the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model invites potential conflicts between different ethical guidelines and principles developed by separate professional disciplines. When the foundational model of care and training on which ethical principles were developed shifts, the assumptions underlying the guidance also shifts, revealing gaps and mismatches. This article reviews the extant literature in this realm, and proposes a more unifying set of ethical guidance for interprofessional, integrated primary care practice...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646242/the-role-of-health-plans-in-supporting-behavioral-health-integration
#12
Maureen T Stewart, Constance M Horgan, Amity E Quinn, Deborah W Garnick, Sharon Reif, Timothy B Creedon, Elizabeth L Merrick
Health plan policies can influence delivery of integrated behavioral health and general medical care. This study provides national estimates for the prevalence of practices used by health plans that may support behavioral health integration. Results indicate that health plans employ financing and other policies likely to support integration. They also directly provide services that facilitate integration. Behavioral health contracting arrangements are associated with use of these policies. Delivery of integrated care requires systemic changes by both providers and payers thus health plans are key players in achieving this goal...
June 23, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644729/promoting-prenatal-exercise-from-a-sociocultural-and-life-course-perspective-an-embodied-conceptual-framework
#13
Shannon Jette, Julie Maier, Katelyn Esmonde, Cherise Davis
PURPOSE: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to examine existing prenatal exercise interventions and to propose a multidimensional framework intended to guide future theorizing and intervention design...
June 23, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642208/assessing-the-efficacy-of-imagery-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Peter M McEvoy, Michelle L Moulds, Jessica R Grisham, Emily A Holmes, David A Moscovitch, Delia Hendrie, Lisa M Saulsman, Ottmar V Lipp, Robert T Kane, Ronald M Rapee, Matthew P Hyett, David M Erceg-Hurn
Cognitive behavior group therapy (CBGT) is effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD), but a substantial proportion of patients do not typically achieve normative functioning. Cognitive behavioral models of SAD emphasize negative self-imagery as an important maintaining factor, and evidence suggests that imagery is a powerful cognitive mode for facilitating affective change. This study will compare two group CBGT interventions, one that predominantly uses verbally-based strategies (VB-CBGT) and another that predominantly uses imagery-enhanced strategies (IE-CBGT), in terms of (a) efficacy, (b) mechanisms of change, and (c) cost-effectiveness...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642168/the-posterior-parietal-cortex-as-integrative-hub-for-whisker-sensorimotor-information
#15
REVIEW
Hemanth Mohan, Roel de Haan, Huibert D Mansvelder, Christiaan P J de Kock
Our daily life consists of a continuous interplay between incoming sensory information and outgoing motor plans. Particularly during goal-directed behavior and active exploration of the sensory environment, brain circuits are merging sensory and motor signals. This is referred to as sensorimotor integration and is relevant for locomotion, vision or tactile exploration. The somatosensory (tactile) system is an attractive modality to study sensorimotor integration in health and disease, motivated by the need for revolutionary technology that builds upon conceptual understanding of sensorimotor integration, such as brain-machine-interfaces and neuro-prosthetics...
June 19, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#16
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Enc├ęphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640685/understanding-and-improving-arterial-roads-to-support-public-health-and-transportation-goals
#17
Carolyn McAndrews, Keshia M Pollack, David Berrigan, Andrew L Dannenberg, Ed J Christopher
Arterials are types of roads designed to carry high volumes of motorized traffic. They are an integral part of transportation systems worldwide and exposure to them is ubiquitous, especially in urban areas. Arterials provide access to diverse commercial and cultural resources, which can positively influence community health by supporting social cohesion as well as economic and cultural opportunities. They can negatively influence health via safety issues, noise, air pollution, and lack of economic development...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639794/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Lisa J Trump, Tai J Mendenhall
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining optimal self-care in managing Type 2 diabetes is a common struggle for patients due to several barriers, including access to quality services, financial insecurity and/or lack of insurance, and emotional distress. Consequently, morbidity and mortality rates are high, alongside rising health care costs. Alternative approaches that address common barriers require further investigation. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials examines the effectiveness of using community health workers (CHWs) in Type 2 diabetes care...
June 22, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#19
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634906/delivery-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-medically-ill-patients-in-primary-care-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Jeffrey A Cully, Melinda A Stanley, Nancy J Petersen, Natalie E Hundt, Michael R Kauth, Aanand D Naik, Kristen Sorocco, Shubhada Sansgiry, Darrell Zeno, Mark E Kunik
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the practical effectiveness and implementation potential of brief psychotherapies that integrate mental and physical health. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an integrated brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT), delivered by mental health providers in primary care, would improve depression, anxiety and quality of life for medically ill veterans. DESIGN: Pragmatic patient-randomized trial comparing bCBT to enhanced usual care (EUC)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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