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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911521/integrated-perinatal-mental-health-care-a-national-model-of-perinatal-primary-care-in-vulnerable-populations
#1
Kimberly C Lomonaco-Haycraft, Jennifer Hyer, Britney Tibbits, Jennifer Grote, Kelly Stainback-Tracy, Claire Ulrickson, Alison Lieberman, Lies van Bekkum, M Camille Hoffman
IntroductionPerinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are the most common complication of pregnancy and have been found to have long-term implications for both mother and child. In vulnerable patient populations such as those served at Denver Health, a federally qualified health center the prevalence of PMADs is nearly double the nationally reported rate of 15-20%. Nearly 17% of women will be diagnosed with major depression at some point in their lives and those numbers are twice as high in women who live in poverty...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911474/hospital-utilization-among-chinese-older-adults-patterns-and-predictors
#2
Honglin Chen, Iris Chi, Ruotong Liu
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to explore patterns and predictors of hospital utilization among Chinese older adults in the context of a rapidly aging population and increasing health care costs in contemporary China. METHODS: This study used a national representative sample aged 60 years or older ( N = 11,511) from the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey in 2014. We applied Andersen's social behavioral model and stepwise logistic regression to identify predictors of hospital utilization...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910967/advancing-the-understanding-of-environmental-transformations-bioavailability-and-effects-of-nanomaterials-an-international-us-environmental-protection-agency-uk-environmental-nanoscience-initiative-joint-program
#3
Mitch M Lasat, Kian Fan Chung, Jamie Lead, Steve McGrath, Richard J Owen, Sophie Rocks, Jason Unrine, Junfeng Zhang
Nanotechnology has significant economic, health, and environmental benefits, including renewable energy and innovative environmental solutions. Manufactured nanoparticles have been incorporated into new materials and products because of their novel or enhanced properties. These very same properties also have prompted concerns about the potential environmental and human health hazard and risk posed by the manufactured nanomaterials. Appropriate risk management responses require the development of models capable of predicting the environmental and human health effects of the nanomaterials...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Environmental Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910733/preclinical-models-of-traumatic-brain-injury-emerging-role-of-glutamate-in-the-pathophysiology-of-depression
#4
REVIEW
Darik A O'Neil, Melissa A Nicholas, Naima Lajud, Anthony E Kline, Corina O Bondi
More than 10 million people worldwide incur a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year, with two million cases occurring in the United States. TBI survivors exhibit long-lasting cognitive and affective sequelae that are associated with reduced quality of life and work productivity, as well as mental and emotional disturbances. While TBI-related disabilities often manifest physically and conspicuously, TBI has been linked with a "silent epidemic" of psychological disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909928/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-aging-and-frailty-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
Abby Parish, Jennifer Kim, Kanah May Lewallen, Sally Miller, Janet Myers, Robbie Panepinto, Cathy A Maxwell
A growing body of evidence indicates that biological aging or frailty is a determinant of health-related outcomes, however, frailty is likely poorly understood and under-recognized by the public-at-large. Using Whittemore and Knafl's methodology, we aimed to conduct an integrative review of research on public knowledge and perceptions of aging and frailty, and to create a conceptual model of our findings. Twenty-three studies are presented. The conceptual model suggests that culture, knowledge of aging, and stereotypes influence adults' beliefs and perceptions...
June 14, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909768/-psychotherapy-of-psychotic-disorders
#6
Fabian Lamster, Matthias Jäger
Psychotherapy of psychotic disorders Abstract. The efficacy of psychotherapy for individuals with psychotic disorders is well documented and its implementation is recommended by international guidelines. Goals of psychotherapeutic interventions are reduction of symptoms, prevention of relapse, improvement of cognitive, emotional and social functioning, social integration and participation, and enhancement of quality of life as well as self-perception. Cognitive-behavioral and family interventions, cognitive and social trainings as well as psychoeducation are particularly recommended according to the literature...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909022/a-review-on-healthy-ageing-interventions-addressing-physical-mental-and-social-health-of-independent-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Ying Jiang, Emily Ang, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Wenru Wang
Healthy ageing is a multi-dimensional concept which appertains to all older adults. This study reviewed the intervention characteristics, intervention content and effectiveness of multi-dimensional healthy ageing interventions (MHAIs) addressing physical, mental and social health among independent community-dwelling older adults. A search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO for studies published from Jan 2007 to October 2016. 18 publications were included, accounting for 15 studies...
June 13, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908027/factors-affecting-empathetic-patient-care-behaviour-among-medical-doctors-and-nurses-an-integrative-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Muntaha Elayyan, Janet Rankin, M W Chaarani
Background: Healthcare professionals' empathic behaviour is an important component of quality health care. Patients' reports suggest that empathy is often lacking. Specific factors that may facilitate or inhibit empathetic behaviour have not been extensively examined. In Qatar, empathy may be affected by a completely multicultural, multilinguistic setting where healthcare professionals and patients interact. Aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide the latest evidence on factors that influence the demonstration of empathetic behaviour of nurses and physicians toward patients and to draw general conclusions that increase understanding...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907556/veterans-perspectives-on-fitbit-use-in-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-interview-study
#9
Ada Ng, Madhu Reddy, Alyson K Zalta, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: The increase in availability of patient data through consumer health wearable devices and mobile phone sensors provides opportunities for mental health treatment beyond traditional self-report measurements. Previous studies have suggested that wearables can be effectively used to benefit the physical health of people with mental health issues, but little research has explored the integration of wearable devices into mental health care. As such, early research is still necessary to address factors that might impact integration including patients' motivations to use wearables and their subsequent data...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904033/influence-of-health-behaviors-and-occupational-stress-on-prediabetic-state-among-male-office-workers
#10
Hosihn Ryu, Jihyeon Moon, Jiyeon Jung
This study examined the influence of health behaviors and occupational stress on the prediabetic state of male office workers, and identified related risks and influencing factors. The study used a cross-sectional design and performed an integrative analysis on data from regular health checkups, health questionnaires, and a health behavior-related survey of employees of a company, using Spearman’s correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results showed significant relationships of prediabetic state with health behaviors and occupational stress...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902684/an-integrated-model-to-understand-sexuality-in-older-adults-in-urban-china-the-mediating-role-of-sexual-interest
#11
Shuyan Yang, Elsie Yan, Xue Bai
BACKGROUND: The subject of sexuality in older adults has remained grossly understudied in China, despite the country having the largest older population in the world. OBJECTIVE: Guided by the Sexual Script Theory and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study used path analysis to test an integrated path model for sexual activity with sexual interest as a mediator. METHODS: Survey data was collected from a representative sample of 688 community-dwelling older Chinese adults aged 60 or above residing in Tianjin, China...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902040/integrated-care-models-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
Jeffrey D Shahidullah, John S Carlson, Danielle Haggerty, Blake M Lancaster
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is commonly managed in primary care. Changes in United States health care have led to the integration of behavioral health services within a patient's "medical home" to improve access to, engagement in, and continuity of quality health care. Despite proliferation of these integrated care models, no studies have specifically examined models for managing ADHD in children and adolescents within primary care...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901780/developing-a-computer-application-to-prepare-social-workers-for-integrated-health-care-integrated-healthcare-version-1-0
#13
Denise R Black, Mary L Held, Tami H Wyatt
Integrated health care (IHC) is a proposed change to the U.S. health care system to address health care disparities for individuals with mental and physical health conditions. Computer applications may provide an effective strategy to prepare social workers for the transition to IHC. An Internet-based tool, Integrated Healthcare (Version 1.0) was developed and tested through rapid prototyping to access knowledge required for behavioral health providers to practice in IHC settings. Two focus groups (N = 5, N = 7) and individual interviews (N = 5) were conducted with social work professors and students...
June 13, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896695/insights-into-the-phenotypic-and-behavioral-effects-of-teratogenic-drugs-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#14
Caralina Marín de Evsikova
Environmental toxicants, chemical substances produced or introduced into the environment directly by humans or their activities, can act as teratogens during development that negatively impact health. Long-term ramifications of environmental exposures to sublethal doses of teratogens are often unrecognized and unknown. The round worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, is an emerging model organism to investigate the long-term impacts of environmental teratogens upon health. This chapter describes a toxicant exposure paradigm integrated with phenotyping assays to screen adult worms, and their progeny, for effects on reproduction, growth and development, behavior, and energy balance...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895740/kids-safe-and-smokefree-kiss-multilevel-intervention-to-reduce-child-tobacco-smoke-exposure-long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Stephen J Lepore, Bradley N Collins, Donna L Coffman, Jonathan P Winickoff, Uma S Nair, Beth Moughan, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Daniel Taylor, David Fleece, Melissa Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians following clinical practice guidelines for tobacco intervention (“Ask, Advise, and Refer” [AAR]) can motivate parents to reduce child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE). However, brief clinic interventions are unable to provide the more intensive, evidence-based behavioral treatments that facilitate the knowledge, skills, and confidence that parents need to both reduce child TSE and quit smoking. We hypothesized that a multilevel treatment model integrating pediatric clinic-level AAR with individual-level, telephone counseling would promote greater long-term (12-month) child TSE reduction and parent smoking cessation than clinic-level AAR alone...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894931/the-user-experiences-and-clinical-outcomes-of-an-online-personal-health-record-to-support-self-management-of-bipolar-disorder-a-pretest-posttest-pilot-study
#16
Silvio C G H van den Heuvel, Daniëlle Meije, Eline J Regeer, Henny Sinnema, Rixt F Riemersma, Ralph W Kupka
BACKGROUND: Self-management comprises knowledge, behavior, activities and resources providing people with bipolar disorder (BD) control over fluctuating mood and activity-patterns. The 'Self-management and Dialogue in Bipolar Disorder' project entailed the tailoring of an online personal health record (PHR) originally designed for the chronically ill to monitor condition and share information with their clinician to people with BD (PHR-BD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, utility and user-experiences of participants with BD, relatives, and healthcare professionals who worked with the PHR-BD...
June 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893453/a-5-step-framework-to-promote-nursing-community-inclusivity-the-example-of-nurses-with-disabilities
#17
Cheryl Zlotnick, Carmit-Noa Shpigelman
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To provide a five-step conceptual framework to promote community inclusivity among nurses and nursing students, using the example of nursing student with a disability. BACKGROUND: The value of cultural diversity, including characteristics such as socioeconomic status, ability/disability, sexual affection, and ethnicity and/or race, is integrated into bachelor's nursing programs. Yet, often the focus centers on patient care rather than to fellow nursing students or registered nurses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891470/comparison-of-nutrigenomics-technology-interface-tools-for-consumers-and-health-professionals-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Paula Littlejohn, Irene Cop, Erin Brown, Rimi Afroze, Karen M Davison
BACKGROUND: Although nutrition interventions are a widely accepted resource for the prevention of long-term health conditions, current approaches have not adequately reduced chronic disease morbidity. Nutrigenomics has great potential; however, it is complicated to implement. There is a need for products based on nutrition-related gene test results that are easily understood, accessible, and used. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare a nonpractitioner-assisted direct-to-consumer self-driven approach to nutrigenomics versus an integrated and personalized practitioner-led method...
June 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890982/effectiveness-of-a-package-of-postpartum-family-planning-interventions-on-the-uptake-of-contraceptive-methods-until-twelve-months-postpartum-in-burkina-faso-and-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-the-yam-daabo-study-protocol
#19
Nguyen Toan Tran, Mary Eluned Gaffield, Armando Seuc, Sihem Landoulsi, Wambi Maurice E Yamaego, Asa Cuzin-Kihl, Seni Kouanda, Blandine Thieba, Désiré Mashinda, Rachel Yodi, James Kiarie, Suzanne Reier
BACKGROUND: Postpartum family planning (PPFP) information and services can prevent maternal and child morbidity and mortality in low-resource countries, where high unmet need for PPFP remains despite opportunities offered by routine postnatal care visits. This study aims to identify a package of PPFP interventions and determine its effectiveness on the uptake of contraceptive methods during the first year postpartum. We hypothesize that implementing a PPFP intervention package that is designed to strengthen existing antenatal and postnatal care services will result in an increase in contraceptive use...
June 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889950/from-ambivalence-to-revitalization-negotiating-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-related-to-environmental-and-historical-trauma-in-a-northwest-american-indian-community
#20
Ramona Beltrán, Katie Schultz, Angela R Fernandez, Karina L Walters, Bonnie Duran, Tessa Evans-Campbell
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Utilizing narratives from members of a Pacific Northwest tribe, this paper explores perceptions about behaviors affecting cardiovascular health through tribal members' lived experiences related to place-based environmental historical trauma. Findings from narrative analysis indicate that ambivalence is an effect of historical trauma and complicates the adoption of protective cardiovascular health behaviors...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
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