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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219878/features-of-a-mobile-support-app-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-literature-review-and-current-applications
#1
Drishty D Sobnath, Nada Philip, Reem Kayyali, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Barbara Pierscionek, Anouk W Vaes, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious long-term lung disease in which the airflow from the lungs is progressively reduced. By 2030, COPD will become the third cause of mortality and seventh cause of morbidity worldwide. With advances in technology and mobile communications, significant progress in the mobile health (mHealth) sector has been recently observed. Mobile phones with app capabilities (smartphones) are now considered as potential media for the self-management of certain types of diseases such as asthma, cancer, COPD, or cardiovascular diseases...
February 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219487/evidence-for-the-risks-and-consequences-of-adolescent-cannabis-exposure
#2
REVIEW
Amir Levine, Kelly Clemenza, Moira Rynn, Jeffrey Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This review of the scientific literature examines the potential adult sequelae of exposure to cannabis and related synthetic cannabinoids in adolescence. We examine the four neuropsychiatric outcomes that are likely most vulnerable to alteration by early cannabinoid use, as identified within both the clinical and preclinical research: cognition, emotional functioning, risk for psychosis, and addiction. METHOD: A literature search was conducted through PubMed, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar with no publication date restrictions...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#3
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218158/influence-of-integrated-community-and-facility-based-interventions-on-select-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-northern-karnataka-india-lessons-for-implementation-and-measurement
#4
Rajaram Subramanian Potty, Mohan Harnahalli Lakkappa, Arin Kar, Mallika Bidappa, Ramesh Banadakoppa Manjappa, Krishnamurthy Jayanna
BACKGROUND: Sukshema project provided technical assistance to National Health Mission of government of Karnataka to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes in eight districts of Karnataka between 2009 and 2015. The project designed tools, processes and provided mentoring to frontline workers, community structures, and facilities to improve demand generation and quality of MNCH services. OBJECTIVES: To assess over time changes in selected MNCH care indicators among women who had delivered in the past 2 months in Bagalkot and Koppal districts...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216773/staff-and-caregiver-attitude-to-coercion-in-india
#5
B N Raveesh, S Pathare, E O Noorthoorn, G S Gowda, P Lepping, J G F Bunders-Aelen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess attitudes of Indian psychiatrists and caregivers toward coercion. MATERIALS AND: Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore, India. Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS), a 15-item questionnaire, was administered to self-selected psychiatrists across India and caregivers from Mysore to measure attitudes on coercion. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and investigating differences in subgroups by means of Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and analysis of variance...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211981/first-report-of-factors-associated-with-satisfaction-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#6
Eric Riklin, Mojtaba Talaei-Kheoi, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patient satisfaction is an integral part of quality health care. We assessed whether health literacy and psychosocial factors are associated with patient satisfaction among adults with neurofibromatosis. Eighty adults (mean age = 44 years; 55% female, 87% white) with NF (50% NF1, 41% NF2, and 9% schwannomatosis) completed an adapted Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire (FCCHL), the Health Literacy Assessment, a series of Patient Reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) psychosocial tests, and demographics before the medical visit...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194008/genetic-otx2-mis-localization-delays-critical-period-plasticity-across-brain-regions
#8
H H C Lee, C Bernard, Z Ye, D Acampora, A Simeone, A Prochiantz, A A Di Nardo, T K Hensch
Accumulation of non-cell autonomous Otx2 homeoprotein in postnatal mouse visual cortex (V1) has been implicated in both the onset and closure of critical period (CP) plasticity. Here, we show that a genetic point mutation in the glycosaminoglycan recognition motif of Otx2 broadly delays the maturation of pivotal parvalbumin-positive (PV+) interneurons not only in V1 but also in the primary auditory (A1) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Consequently, not only visual, but also auditory plasticity is delayed, including the experience-dependent expansion of tonotopic maps in A1 and the acquisition of acoustic preferences in mPFC, which mitigates anxious behavior...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193744/impact-of-the-integration-of-water-treatment-hygiene-nutrition-and-clean-delivery-interventions-on-maternal-health-service-use
#9
Kirsten Fagerli, Katherine O'Connor, Sunkyung Kim, Maureen Kelley, Aloyce Odhiambo, Sitnah Faith, Ronald Otieno, Benjamin Nygren, Mary Kamb, Robert Quick
Reducing barriers associated with maternal health service use, household water treatment, and improved hygiene is important for maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We surveyed a sample of 201 pregnant women who participated in a clinic-based intervention in Kenya to increase maternal health service use and improve household hygiene and nutrition through the distribution of water treatment products, soap, protein-fortified flour, and clean delivery kits. From multivariable logistic regression analyses, the adjusted odds of ≥ 4 antenatal care (ANC4+) visits (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193465/application-of-human-augmentics-a-persuasive-asthma-inhaler
#10
Brent Grossman, Steve Conner, Giselle Mosnaim, Joshua Albers, Jason Leigh, Steve Jones, Robert Kenyon
This article describes a tailored health intervention delivered on a mobile phone platform, integrating low-literacy design strategies and basic principles of behavior change, to promote increased adherence and asthma control among underserved minority adolescents. We based the intervention and design principles on theories of Human Augmentics and the Elaboration Likelihood Model. We tested the efficacy of using electronic monitoring devices that incorporate informative and persuasive elements to improve adherence to a prescribed daily medication regimen intended to reduce use of asthma rescue medications...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#11
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192444/barriers-to-early-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-among-african-women-living-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Cynthia Pomaa Akuoko, Ernestina Armah, Theresa Sarpong, Dan Yedu Quansah, Isaac Amankwaa, Daniel Boateng
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) has been described as the leading cause of cancer deaths among women especially in the developing world including sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Delayed presentation and late diagnosis at health facilities are parts of the contributing factors of high BC mortality in Africa. This review aimed to appraise the contributing factors to delayed breast cancer presentation and diagnosis among SSA women. METHODS: Five databases encompassing medical and social sciences were systematically searched using predefined search terms linked with breast cancer presentation and diagnosis and sub Saharan Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188866/does-a-future-oriented-temporal-perspective-relate-to-body-mass-index-eating-and-exercise-a-meta-analysis
#13
Allison M Sweeney, Ileana Culcea
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to quantify the magnitude of the association between future temporal perspective and Body Mass Index (BMI), diet, and exercise, respectively, and to clarify whether subjective future-focus scales or delay-discounting tasks are a more robust predictor of health behaviors. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for studies that included a dispositional measure of future temporal perspective and a measure of BMI, eating, and/or exercise behavior...
February 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182998/how-vertical-integration-affects-the-quantity-and-cost-of-care-for-medicare-beneficiaries
#14
Thomas G Koch, Brett W Wendling, Nathan E Wilson
Health systems are employing physicians in growing numbers. The implications of this trend are poorly understood and controversial. We use rich data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to examine the effects of a set of physician acquisitions by hospital systems on outpatient utilization and spending. We find that financial integration systematically produces economically large changes in the acquired physicians' behavior, but has less consistent effects at the acquiring system level.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182472/integrating-health-care-for-high-need-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-serious-mental-illness-and-chronic-physical-health-conditions-at-managed-care-provider-and-consumer-levels
#15
Jung Y Kim, Tricia Collins Higgins, Dominick Esposito, Allison Hamblin
OBJECTIVE: Policies supporting value-based care and alternative payment models, notably in the Affordable Care Act and the Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, offer hope to advance care integration for individuals with behavioral and chronic physical health conditions. The potential for integration to improve quality while managing costs for individuals with high needs, coupled with the remaining financial, operational, and policy challenges, underscores a need for continued discussion of integration programs' preliminary outcomes and lessons...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181702/cerebrovascular-burden-and-depressive-symptomatology-interrelate-over-18%C3%A2-years-support-for-the-vascular-depression-hypothesis
#16
Rosanna Scott, Daniel Paulson
OBJECTIVE: Potentially incongruent research literatures suggest three divergent hypotheses about depressive symptomatology: (1) symptoms are recurrent; (2) later-life depression results from high cerebrovascular burden (CVB); and (3) depressive symptoms contribute to comorbidities causing vascular burden. Past vascular depression research assumes that later-life depressive symptoms relate uniquely to high CVB and not to prior, recurrent depression. This study examines these divergent hypotheses...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178739/methamphetamine-consumption-during-pregnancy-effects-on-child-health
#17
Jürgen Dinger, Patricia Hinner, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Methamphetamine abuse during pregnancy represents an emerging health care problem. The consequences are not only of relevance to the pregnant women, but also their unborn child. It is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and hypertension, fetal demise, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction. The deleterious effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on the developing fetal brain may lead to long-term neuro-developmental and behavioral problems.Given the current evidence, abuse of methamphetamine during pregnancy must be of utmost concern to health care professionals and to policy-makers...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173729/structural-and-functional-abnormalities-in-children-with-adhd-a-focus-on-subgenual-anterior-cingulate-cortex
#18
Chenyang Zhan, Yuhong Liu, Kai Wu, Yu Gao, Xiaobo Li
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), characterized by developmentally inappropriate inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, or a combination of both, is a major public health problem. Neuroimaging studies have revealed associations of these cognitive impairments with structural and functional deficits all over the brain. Existing findings are not fully consistent due to the heterogeneity of study samples and diversity of research techniques. In the current study, we propose to utilize a multi-modal MRI approach to study the structural and functional brain networks in children with ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) with a focus on the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC)...
February 7, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170280/super-users-at-an-acupuncture-and-oriental-medicine-teaching-clinic-demographics-and-unique-clinical-characteristics
#19
Forrest Cooper, Benjamin L Marx, Tamsin L Lee, Deborah Espesete
OBJECTIVE: The use of acupuncture in the United States has consistently grown over the last two decades, and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has recently called for greater understanding of "real life outcomes and use" by complementary and alternative medicine users. This study assesses the demographics and utilization patterns of "super-users" treated at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine intern clinic. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM) intern clinic, a large acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) school in Portland, Oregon...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169576/applying-the-integrated-behavior-change-model-to-understanding-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#20
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
We explored older adults' experiences of physical activity (PA) and related decision-making processes underlying PA. Twenty Australians (Mage= 73.8 years) participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and identified themes were matched deductively within motivational, volitional, and implicit processes of the integrated behavior change model for PA. Motivational influences such as participants' time orientation towards health and perceptions of what PA should be like were frequently featured in participants' narratives...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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