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Labral Tear

Joshua J Heerey, Joanne L Kemp, Andrea B Mosler, Denise M Jones, Tania Pizzari, Richard B Souza, Kay M Crossley
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular hip pathologies are thought to be associated with the development of hip and groin pain. A better understanding of the relationship between symptoms and imaging findings may improve the management of individuals with intra-articular hip pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of intra-articular hip pathologies in individuals with and without pain. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched in February 2017 for studies investigating the prevalence of intra-articular hip pathologies using MRI, MRA or CT...
March 14, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Meng Zhu, Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Hwei Chi Chong, Paul Chang Chee Cheng, Denny Lie Tijauw Tjoen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective study is to compare and correlate the clinical results of arthroscopic repair of a combined anteroinferior and superior labral lesion with those of an isolated anteroinferior labral lesion or type II superior labral tear from anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesion. METHODS: A comparative study involving patients who underwent arthroscopic labral repairs in a tertiary hospital between 2010 and 2014 was conducted. A total of 96 patients were divided into three groups: Group A consisted of 61 patients with the anteroinferior labral lesion, group B consisted of 16 patients with the type II SLAP lesion, and group C consisted of 19 patients with the combined anteroinferior and superior labral lesion...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Susan Mayes, Peter Smith, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVES: Professional ballet dancers may have hip bony morphology that predisposes them to cartilage or labral injury. However, the relationship between bony morphology and pathology has not been investigated in ballet. This study investigates associations between bony morphology, chondrolabral defects and hip pain in ballet dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 33 male and female professional ballet dancers, (mean age 27 years (range 19-39)), completed questionnaires with hip pain measured on a visual analogue scale; and underwent 3...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Andrew T Pennock, Jerry Dwek, Emily Levy, Philip Stearns, John Manning, M Morgan Dennis, Amanda Davis-Juarez, Tracey Bastrom, Kenneth S Taylor
Background: Youth baseball is extremely popular in the United States, but it has been associated with shoulder pain and injury. The incidence of shoulder abnormalities in this athletic population has yet to be defined. Purpose: To examine abnormalities noted on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the shoulders of asymptomatic Little League baseball players and to correlate these findings with the players' throwing history and physical examinations. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Matthew J Kraeutler, Eric C McCarty, John W Belk, Brian R Wolf, Carolyn M Hettrich, Shannon F Ortiz, Jonathan T Bravman, Keith M Baumgarten, Julie Y Bishop, Matthew J Bollier, Robert H Brophy, James L Carey, James E Carpenter, Charlie L Cox, Brian T Feeley, John A Grant, Grant L Jones, John E Kuhn, John D Kelly, C Benjamin Ma, Robert G Marx, Bruce S Miller, Brian J Sennett, Matthew V Smith, Rick W Wright, Alan L Zhang
BACKGROUND: Shoulder instability is a common diagnosis among patients undergoing shoulder surgery. PURPOSE: To perform a descriptive analysis of patients undergoing surgery for shoulder instability through a large multicenter consortium. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: All patients undergoing surgery for shoulder instability who were enrolled in the MOON Shoulder Instability Study were included...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Sergio E Flores, Kristina R Borak, Alan L Zhang
Background: Hip arthroscopic surgery is a rapidly growing procedure, but it may be associated with a steep learning curve. Few studies have used patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys to investigate the relationship between surgeon experience and patient outcomes after the arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Hypothesis: Patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of FAI in the early stages of a surgeon's career will have significantly worse outcomes and longer procedure times compared with patients treated after the surgeon has gained experience...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Christopher J Sardon, Mathew L Resnick
BACKGROUND: Acetabular labral tears in the hip have become an increasingly common finding in active duty members due to improved diagnostic capabilities. This has led to a dramatic increase in operative management despite a lack of evidence to support clear long-term benefits. Literature review demonstrated overwhelmingly positive short-term outcomes for labral repairs; however, scattered case reports exist demonstrating debilitating outcomes in young patients, ultimately resulting in total hip arthroplasty...
February 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Cecilie P Schrøder, Kirsten Lundgreen, Rune Kvakestad
BACKGROUND: Paralabral cysts emanating from posterosuperior labral tears may compress the suprascapular nerve and induce neuropathy. This study prospectively assessed patients with labral tears and symptomatic paralabral cysts treated with isolated labral repair. Pain relief, time to cyst resolution, reversibility of muscular edema, atrophy, fatty infiltration, and bone erosion were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with symptomatic posterosuperior paralabral cysts were treated with isolated labral repair...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Justin W Arner, Michael P McClincy, James P Bradley
In a previous study, compared with throwing athletes with superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) tears, those with concomitant SLAP tears and rotator cuff tears (RCTs) had significantly poorer outcome scores and return to play. Posterior shoulder instability also occurs in throwing athletes, but no studies currently exist regarding outcomes of these patients with concomitant RCTs. The authors hypothesized that throwing athletes treated with arthroscopic capsulolabral repair for posterior shoulder instability with coexistent rotator cuff pathology would have poorer outcome scores and return to play...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Derrick M Knapik, Joe Sheehan, Shane J Nho, James E Voos, Michael J Salata
Background: Intra-articular injuries to the hip in elite athletes represent a source of significant pain and disability. Hip arthroscopic surgery has become the gold standard for the treatment of disorders involving the hip joint. Purpose: To examine the incidence of and abnormalities treated with hip arthroscopic surgery as well as the impact on future participation in American football athletes invited to the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine with a history of hip arthroscopic surgery...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Andrea M Spiker, Kate R Gumersell, Ernest L Sink, Bryan T Kelly
In the realm of hip preservation, hip arthroscopy is often used to address intra-articular impingement pathology, whereas periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is used to address dysplasia and instability. Indications to combine these 2 procedures include hip dysplasia and symptomatic instability with a concomitant symptomatic labral tear or the other symptomatic intra-articular pathology (i.e., loose body, chondral flap). The arthroscopic portion of the procedure allows repair of the injured labrum and close inspection of the hip joint, and the PAO addresses undercoverage and/or inappropriate version of the acetabulum...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jennifer Tangtiphaiboontana, Alan L Zhang, Nirav K Pandya
Intra-articular injection of corticosteroid and anesthetic (CSI) is a useful diagnostic tool for hip pain secondary to labral tears or femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). However, the effectiveness of CSI as a stand-alone treatment for hip pain in adolescents is unknown. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of CSI for the treatment of hip pain and determine factors that may affect outcomes after injection. Retrospective analysis of 18 patients and 19 hips that underwent fluoroscopic guided hip injection for the treatment of pain at a single institution from 2012 to 2015 was carried out in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Matthew J Boyle, Robert F Murphy, Patricia E Miller, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who undergo periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) often have labral tears. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare PAO alone with PAO combined with arthrotomy or arthroscopy in DDH patients who had a full-thickness labral tear on magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 47 hips in the PAO group (PAO) were compared with 60 hips in the PAO with concomitant arthrotomy or arthroscopy (PAO-A) with respect to Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), clinical and radiographic outcomes at a median of 29 months...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Nicholas P J Perry, Jared A Wolfe, Kim Nguyen-Ta, Daniel Christensen, Lucas S McDonald, Jonathan F Dickens, Lance E LeClere
Background: To examine the outcomes of combined biceps tenodesis and indirect, intra-articular arthroscopic paralabral cyst decompression for the treatment of active duty military patients with superior labral from anterior to posterior tears and associated paralabral cysts. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all active duty patients at our institution from 2011 to 2014 with superior labral from anterior to posterior tears and associated paralabral cysts at the spinoglenoid notch treated with biceps tenodesis and indirect arthroscopic cyst decompression...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Thomas Youm
Primary repair of acetabular labral tears has been the gold standard treatment with excellent short to mid-term results. Autograft and allograft labral reconstruction has been described mostly in the revision labral surgery setting with good short-term results. A recent study has compared primary labral reconstruction to labral repair head-to-head in the same patient. Primary labral reconstruction may be a suitable alternative to labral repair in patients with symptomatic labral pathology. Concerns remain, however, about sacrificing living labral tissue for dead allograft tissue for the long term...
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Allison J Rao, Nikhil N Verma, Scott W Trenhaile
Surgical repair of a Bankart lesion requires thorough recognition of the capsulolabral attachment and adequate visualization for suture anchor repair. The glenoid labrum usually detaches from its capsule and bony attachment anteriorly and inferiorly; however, the labral and capsule detachment can sometimes extend beyond this zone of injury. Identification and repair may require additional viewing and working portals to allow for ease of suture passage and anchor placement. This technique guide describes a case scenario of a Bankart lesion with anterior extension of the capsular tear, repaired with use of 2 anterior working portals...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Itay Perets, David E Hartigan, John P Walsh, Austin W Chen, Brian H Mu, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes, demographics, and radiographic findings for patients whose hip arthroscopies involved amorphous calcification (AC) excision and to compare them with a control group with no AC and with the general population regarding diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy involving surgical excision of AC deposit in the anterosuperior labralcapsular recess between October 2008 and July 2014 were reviewed...
January 27, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Anne Le Bouthillier, Kawan S Rakhra, Etienne L Belzile, Ryan C B Foster, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Clinically, understanding how the soft tissue envelope adapts to various forms of hip dysfunction could enhance both surgical and nonsurgical management. Very few studies have looked at soft tissue structures as preoperative discriminators between varying underlying etiologies of hip conditions. PURPOSE: To demonstrate that the magnetic resonance arthrography assessment of soft tissue structures of the hip will preoperatively differ in patients with different underlying hip joint diseases...
February 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Elisabeth R Garwood, Christopher J Burke, Laith M Jazrawi, Ronald S Adler
Emerging musculoskeletal applications for local administration of autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) include treatment of fractures, osteonecrosis, osteochondral injuries, osteoarthritis, ligament injury, tendon injury, and tendonopathies. Ultrasound-guided technique for various BMAC injection sites is detailed in this technical report and our preliminary clinical experience outlined.Five patients, 1 woman and 4 men, were treated with 6 peri/intratendinous (n = 4) or intraarticular (n = 2) BMAC injections between July 5, 2015 and December 31, 2016 for the clinical indications of common hamstrings origin tendinosis (n = 4), hip labral tear (n = 1), and osteochondral lesion of the talus (n = 1)...
January 23, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Sarah Bixby, Michael A Breen, Young-Jo Kim
BACKGROUND: Traumatic posterior hip dislocations in children and adolescents requires emergent closed reduction. Postreduction imaging is necessary to assess the concentricity of reduction and structural injuries to the hip. There is no a consensus for which imaging is a modality of choice in such condition. The purposes of this study are to describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of traumatic posterior hip dislocations and to compare the effectiveness of MRI with computerized tomography (CT) in detecting structural abnormalities of the hip that impact patient management...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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