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reproductive health among religious leaders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762160/-i-thought-if-i-marry-the-prophet-i-would-not-die-the-significance-of-religious-affiliation-on-marriage-hiv-testing-and-reproductive-health-practices-among-young-married-women-in-zimbabwe
#1
Denise Dion Hallfors, Bonita J Iritani, Lei Zhang, Shane Hartman, Winnie K Luseno, Elias Mpofu, Simbarashe Rusakaniko
This study examines the association between religious affiliation and reasons for marriage, perceived church attitudes, and reproductive health-seeking behaviors, including HIV testing, among young women in eastern rural Zimbabwe. The sample comprised women (N = 35) who had married by 2012 while participating in a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the effects of school support on HIV-related risk. The RCT sample was identified in 2007 as all female sixth graders in 25 rural eastern Zimbabwe primary schools whose parents, one or both, had died (N = 328)...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540119/the-mayer-hashi-large-scale-program-to-increase-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-and-permanent-methods-in-bangladesh-explaining-the-disappointing-results-an-outcome-and-process-evaluation
#2
Mizanur Rahman, M Moinuddin Haider, Sian L Curtis, Peter M Lance
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has achieved a low total fertility rate of 2.3. Two-thirds of currently married women of reproductive age (CMWRA) want to limit fertility, and many women achieve their desired fertility before age 30. The incidence of unintended pregnancy and pregnancy termination is high, however. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), consisting of the intrauterine device and implant, and permanent methods (PM), including female sterilization and vasectomy, offer several advantages in this situation, but only 8% of CMWRA or 13% of method users use these methods...
August 11, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449648/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-circumcision-among-daughters-of-reproductive-aged-women-in-the-hababo-guduru-district-western-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mulugeta Gajaa, Negash Wakgari, Yigzaw Kebede, Lemma Derseh
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation is currently a public health problem which needs investigation and immediate action. Ethiopia is the second-ranked African country in terms of having higher numbers of circumcised girls. This study aimed to determine prevalence and associated factors of circumcision among daughters of reproductive aged women. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted on 610 mothers. The total sample was allocated proportionally in three randomly selected kebeles based on the number of reproductive age mothers with at least one daughter under 15 years old...
2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179380/the-media-as-a-critical-determinant-of-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-adolescents-in-ibadan-nigeria
#4
Adesola O Olumide, Oladosu A Ojengbede
PURPOSE: Findings on the influences of the media on the sexual health of adolescents in vulnerable communities in Ibadan are presented. METHODS: Phase I of the WAVE study in Ibadan was conducted among participants purposively selected from disadvantaged communities in Ibadan North Local Government Area (LGA). Qualitative research methods (key informant interviews, in-depth interviews, community mapping and focus group discussions as well as photovoice sessions) were utilized...
June 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26810320/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-early-initiation-and-frequency-of-antenatal-care-anc-visits-in-a-rural-and-urban-setting-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Lorrein Shamiso Muhwava, Neo Morojele, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Late booking and infrequent antenatal care (ANC) are common but avoidable patient-related risk factors for maternal deaths in South Africa. The aim of the study was to examine the association of psychosocial factors with early initiation of ANC and adequate frequency of attendance of ANC clinics among women in an urban and rural location in South Africa. METHODS: Data from a 2006 cross-sectional household survey of 363 women from the rural Western Cape and 466 women from urban Gauteng provinces of South Africa for risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancy were analysed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26199068/exposure-to-family-planning-messages-and-modern-contraceptive-use-among-men-in-urban-kenya-nigeria-and-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Chinelo C Okigbo, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon, Abdou Gueye
BACKGROUND: Family planning (FP) researchers and policy makers have often overlooked the importance of involving men in couples' fertility choices and contraception, despite the fact that male involvement is a vital factor in sexual and reproductive health programming. This study aimed to assess whether men's exposure to FP demand-generation activities is associated with their reported use of modern contraceptive methods. METHODS: We used evaluation data from the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) in select cities of three African countries (Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal) collected in 2012/2013...
2015: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26136202/community-gender-norms-change-as-a-part-of-a-multilevel-approach-to-sexual-health-among-married-women-in-mumbai-india
#7
Stephen L Schensul, Rajendra Singh, Jean J Schensul, Ravi K Verma, Joseph A Burleson, Bonnie K Nastasi
Inequitable gender norms in societies and communities negatively contribute to women's sexual and reproductive health. While the need for change in gender norms is well recognized, the task is highly challenging in terms of intervention design, implementation and assessment of impact. This paper describes a methodology for identification of gender norms, the design of community level intervention, community participation and the assessment of intervention impact in a low income, predominately Muslim community of 600,000 people in Mumbai, India...
September 2015: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26120846/determinants-and-experiences-of-repeat-pregnancy-among-hiv-positive-kenyan-women-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#8
Victor Akelo, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal, Lauren Toledo, Sonali Girde, Craig B Borkowf, Laura Ward, Kenneth Ondenge, Richard Ndivo, Shirley L Lecher, Lisa A Mills, Timothy K Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with repeat pregnancy subsequent to an index pregnancy among women living with HIV (WLWH) in western Kenya who were enrolled in a 24-month phase-II clinical trial of triple-ART prophylaxis for prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and to contextualize social and cultural influences on WLWH's reproductive decision making. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used to examine repeat pregnancy within a 24 month period after birth...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25456186/-adolescents-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#9
Gabriel Nsakala Vodiena, Yves Coppieters, Bruno Dimonfu Lapika, Patrick Kayembe Kalambayi, Dominique Gomis, Danielle Piette
Adolescents and young people have specific concerns about issues related to sexual and reproductive health. The purpose of this study, conducted in an urban setting of the DRC, was to identify the needs and perceptions of adolescents and young people in the area of sexual and reproductive health with a view to informing policy. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study using focus groups conducted in three cities of the DRC (Kinshasa, Goma and Matadi). The study focused on adolescents and young people of both sexes and from different social classes from the following age groups: 10-14, 15-19 and 20-24...
January 3, 2013: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25069211/contraceptive-method-choice-and-use-by-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-two-districts-of-east-harerge
#10
Rahel Dubiwak, Assefa Seme
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive method mix and choice is not uniform across all countries. Literatures have shown that a significant variation exists in contraceptive method mix among regions and countries. In Africa most mothers rely on short-term contraceptives such as pills and injectables or traditional methods while in Asia and Latin America permanent methods mainly male and female sterilizations are commonly used. Though long-term methods of contraception are recommended for its effectiveness and efficiencies in countries like Ethiopia where high fertility rate is a concern, its choice and utilization remains low...
January 2014: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24263881/-ax%C3%A3-corporal-practices-and-aids-in-africanist-religions-in-recife-brazil
#11
Luis Felipe Rios, Cinthia Oliveira, Jonathan Garcia, Richard Parker
This article analyzes the responses of Afro-Brazilian religions to the Aids epidemic in Recife, taking into consideration the religious symbolic structure. Drawing on participant observation and in-depth interviews conducted with Afro-Brazilian religious leaders and public health officials, it highlights the importance of "axé" _ the native category used to interpret corporal events _ in order to understand the history of Aids in this religious community. Axé is mystical energy, corporal vitality. It is manipulated in religious rituals and is symbolically associated with blood, perspiration and semen...
December 2013: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24216045/the-influence-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-on-the-sexual-behavior-of-the-tarok-in-north-central-nigeria
#12
Titilayo Cordelia Orisaremi
OBJECTIVE: The paper investigated some of the beliefs around the breastfeeding norm of the postpartum abstinence and how these influence sexual behavior. It was based on a larger project which explored how gender relations affect reproductive processes and the reproductive health of Tarok women in north-central Nigeria. METHODS: Research was conducted in four Tarok communities using qualitative instruments, namely in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussion (FGD) guides...
December 2013: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24156481/assessing-resources-for-implementing-a-community-directed-intervention-cdi-strategy-in-delivering-multiple-health-interventions-in-urban-poor-communities-in-southwestern-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#13
Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Ayodele S Jegede, Catherine O Falade, Johannes Sommerfeld
BACKGROUND: Many simple, affordable and effective disease control measures have had limited impact due to poor access especially by the poorer populations (urban and rural) and inadequate community participation. A proven strategy to address the problem of access to health interventions is the Community Directed Interventions (CDI) approach, which has been used successfully in rural areas. This study was carried out to assess resources for the use of a CDI strategy in delivering health interventions in poorly-served urban communities in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2013: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23985107/need-for-multilevel-strategies-and-enhanced-acceptance-of-contraceptive-use-in-order-to-combat-the-spread-of-hiv-aids-in-a-muslim-society-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adults-in-urban-karachi-pakistan
#14
Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain, Eva Johansson, Saleema Gulzar, Gunilla Krantz
This qualitative study explored knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and perceptions of sexual and reproductive health, focusing specifically on contraceptive use and HIV prevention among young unmarried men and women, 17-21 years, in urban Karachi, Pakistan. The main theme, identified as underlying meaning in the focus group discussions was "Societal norms and perceptions create barriers to knowledge and awareness about sexual and reproductive health matters among young adults". A knowledge gap was revealed concerning HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use among young males and females, who have to rely on media and peers for information seeking...
September 2013: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23816259/accelerators-decelerators-of-achieving-universal-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-a-case-study-of-iranian-health-system
#15
Nahid Akbari, Ali Ramezankhani, Mehrnoosh Pazargadi
BACKGROUND: At the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo, the global community agreed to the goal of achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights by 2015. This research explores the accelerators and decelerators of achieving universal access to the sexual and reproductive health targets and accordingly makes some suggestions. METHOD: We have critically reviewed the latest national reports and extracted the background data on each SRH indicator...
2013: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23472982/-the-perceptions-of-adolescents-and-young-people-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#16
Gabriel Nsakala Vodiena, Yves Coppieters, Bruno Dimonfu Lapika, Patrick Kayembe Kalambayi, Dominique Gomis, Danielle Piette
Adolescents and young people have specific concerns about issues related to sexual and reproductive health. The purpose of this study, conducted in an urban setting of the DRC, was to identify the needs and perceptions of adolescents and young people in the area of sexual and reproductive health with a view to informing policy. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study using focus groups conducted in three cities of the DRC (Kinshasa, Goma and Matadi). The study focused on adolescents and young people of both sexes and from different social classes from the following age groups: 10-14, 15-19 and 20-24...
September 2012: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23304934/premarital-sexual-experience-and-preferred-sources-of-reproductive-health-information-among-young-men-in-kumbotso-northern-nigeria
#17
Z Iliyasu, I Zubairu, I S Abubakar, S A Isa, H S Galadanci, S G Hadiza, A Babam Maryam, A Babam-Maryam, M H Aliyu, H A Muktar
BACKGROUND: Despite well known risks associated with unprotected premarital sex, this phenomenon has not been well explored among young men in rural northern Nigeria. We studied the predictors of premarital sex and preferred sources of sexual and reproductive health information among young unmarried men in Kumbotso, northern Nigeria. METHOD: A cross section of 400 young men were interviewed using structured questionnaires with mostly closed ended questions. RESULTS: Of the 385 respondents, 39 (10...
July 2012: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22247617/mobilizing-male-opinion-leaders-support-for-family-planning-to-improve-maternal-health-a-theory-based-qualitative-study-from-pakistan
#18
Syed Khurram Azmat
PURPOSE: Pakistan is a patriarchal society in which male opinion leaders play an important role in determining health-seeking behaviors pertaining to family planning (FP) among their respective communities. This research focuses on cataloguing the perceptions of opinion leaders (clergymen, health professionals, and social workers) about the barriers for using services and practical solutions for promoting FP in the slums of Karachi, Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using an open-ended, semistructured interview schedule with hypothetical scenarios and in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 45 opinion leaders (25 mosque imams/clergymen, 12 nonallopathic health professionals, and eight social workers/activists) was conducted in 2006-2007 in Karachi, Pakistan...
2011: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21483190/factors-associated-with-disclosure-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
Leah Eberechukwu Emegwa Okenwa, Stephen Lawoko, Bjarne Jansson
BACKGROUND: Though the prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) remains high in less developed countries, data suggest that these figures may represent an underestimation considering that many women are unwilling to disclose abuse. This paper aims to determine women's willingness to report abuse, factors determining willingness to disclose IPV, and to whom such disclosure is made. METHODS: A total of 911 women visiting reproductive health facility responded to the questionnaire, and the collected data was analyzed using multivariate analysis...
July 2009: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21243924/cultural-and-ethical-challenges-of-assisted-reproductive-technologies-in-the-management-of-infertility-among-the-yoruba-of-southwestern-nigeria
#20
Ayodele S Jegede, Adetona S Fayemiwo
This paper discusses the cultural and ethical issues arising from the use of Assisted Reproductive Health Technologies. Twenty-five In-depth interviews were conducted with 5 couples of reproductive age who have never conceived or brought pregnancy to term after one year of unprotected intercourse, 4 adult males, 4 adult females, a gyneacologist, a nurse, a herbalist and 2 religious leaders in Ibadan, Nigeria. Content analysis was used for data analysis. Legitimacy of children born through ART, religious obligation, patriarchy, polygamy and value of children are cultural issues surrounding ARTs while decision making about it, discrimination against children born through ART, psychological problems and loss of self esteem, side effects of the technologies and the cost of accessing them are the ethical challenges...
June 2010: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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