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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909495/the-neuro-immune-regulators-niregs-promote-tissue-resilience-a-vital-component-of-the-host-s-defense-strategy-against-neuroinflammation
#1
REVIEW
Yosra Bedoui, Jim W Neal, Philippe Gasque
An effective protective inflammatory response in the brain is crucial for the clearance of pathogens (e.g. microbes, amyloid fibrils, prionSC ) and should be closely regulated. However, the CNS seems to have limited tissue resilience to withstand the detrimental effects of uncontrolled inflammation compromising functional recovery and tissue repair. Newly described neuro-immune-regulators (NIREGs) are functionally related proteins regulating the severity and duration of the host inflammatory response. NIREGs such as CD200, CD47 and CX3CL1 are vital for increasing tissue resilience and are constitutively expressed by neurons...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908257/rutin-attenuates-neurobehavioral-deficits-oxidative-stress-neuro-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-fluoride-treated-rats
#2
Kpobari W Nkpaa, Godspower I Onyeso
Studies have shown that high exposure to fluoride (NaF) induces neurotoxicity. Rutin (RUT), a citrus flavonoid, has been reported to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective mechanism(s) of RUT on NaF - induced neurotoxicity. Rats were exposed to NaF alone in drinking water at 15 mg/L alone ad libitum or orally co-treated by gavage with RUT at 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight for 31 consecutive days. A video-tracking software was used to monitor the motor and locomotive behavior during a 5 - min trial time in a novel environment...
June 13, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875342/anti-cytokine-therapy-to-attenuate-ischemic-reperfusion-associated-brain-injury-in-the-perinatal-period
#3
REVIEW
Clémence Disdier, Xiaodi Chen, Jeong-Eun Kim, Steven W Threlkeld, Barbara S Stonestreet
Perinatal brain injury is a major cause of morbidity and long-standing disability in newborns. Hypothermia is the only therapy approved to attenuate brain injury in the newborn. However, this treatment is unfortunately only partially neuroprotective and can only be used to treat hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in full term infants. Therefore, there is an urgent need for adjunctive therapeutic strategies. Post-ischemic neuro-inflammation is a crucial contributor to the evolution of brain injury in neonates and constitutes a promising therapeutic target...
June 7, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867078/evidence-for-interplay-among-antibacterial-induced-gut-microbiota-disturbance-neuro-inflammation-and-anxiety-in-mice
#4
Hyo-Min Jang, Hae-Ji Lee, Se-Eun Jang, Myung Joo Han, Dong-Hyun Kim
The aim of the present study was to determine whether there is the mechanistic connection between antibacterial-dependent gut microbiota disturbance and anxiety. First, exposure of mice to ampicillin caused anxiety and colitis and increased the population of Proteobacteria, particularly Klebsiella oxytoca, in gut microbiota and fecal and blood lipopolysaccharide levels, while decreasing lactobacilli population including Lactobacillus reuteri. Next, treatments with fecal microbiota of ampicillin-treated mouse (FAP), K...
June 4, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867038/inflammation-and-neuro-immune-dysregulations-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Dario Siniscalco, Stephen Schultz, Anna Lisa Brigida, Nicola Antonucci
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction and restricted-repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Strong inflammation states are associated with ASD. This inflammatory condition is often linked to immune system dysfunction. Several cell types are enrolled to trigger and sustain these processes. Neuro-inflammation and neuro-immune abnormalities have now been established in ASD as key factors in its development and maintenance...
June 4, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846084/neuro-nutrients-as-anti-alzheimer-s-disease-agents-a-critical-review
#6
Sunil K Ravi, Ramesh B Narasingappa, Bruno Vincent
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a massive neuronal death causing memory loss, cognitive impairment and behavioral alteration that ultimately lead to dementia and death. AD is a multi-factorial pathology controlled by molecular events such as oxidative stress, protein aggregation, mitochondrial dysfunction and neuro inflammation. Nowadays, there is no efficient disease-modifying treatment for AD and epidemiological studies have suggested that diet and nutrition have a significant impact on the development of this disorder...
May 30, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844724/revisiting-the-systemic-lipopolysaccharide-mediated-neuroinflammation-appraising-the-effect-of-l-cysteine-mediated-hydrogen-sulphide-on-it
#7
Abdulaziz S Al-Saeedan, Varsha Gautam, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Manjari Singh, Rajnish K Yadav, Jitendra K Rawat, Uma Devi, Swetlana Gautam, Subhadeep Roy, Gaurav Kaithwas
The present research was ventured to examine the effect of l-cysteine on neuro-inflammation persuaded by peripheral lipopolysaccharides (LPS, 125 μg/kg, i.p.) administration. No behavioral, biochemical, and inflammatory abnormality was perceived in the brain tissues of experimental animals after LPS administration. l-cysteine precipitated marginal symptoms of toxicity in the brain tissue. Similar pattern of wholesome effect of LPS were perceived when evaluated through the brain tissue fatty acid profile, histopathologically and NF-ĸBP65 protein expression...
May 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808524/neuroautonomic-activity-evidences-parturition-as-a-complex-and-integrated-neuro-immune-endocrine-process
#8
REVIEW
José Javier Reyes-Lagos, Claudia Ivette Ledesma-Ramírez, Adriana Cristina Pliego-Carrillo, Miguel Ángel Peña-Castillo, Juan Carlos Echeverría, Enrique Becerril-Villanueva, Lenin Pavón, Gustavo Pacheco-López
Parturition in mammals demands a precise coordination of several neuro-immune-endocrine interactions including: a sterile inflammatory response that involves secretion of inflammation mediators like cytokines/chemokines; changes in the secretion of hormones such as progestogen, estrogens, cortisol, and oxytocin; as well as adjustments of the neuroautonomic function. Specifically, the so-called cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway seems to play a key role in the homeostasis of the neuro-immune-endocrine axis by adjusting the vagus nerve activity during parturition...
May 28, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807798/reduced-smoothened-level-rescued-a%C3%AE-induced-memory-deficits-and-neuronal-inflammation-in-animal-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Weiwei Ma, Mengnan Wu, Siyan Zhou, Ye Tao, Zuolei Xie, Yi Zhong
Emerging evidence suggests that neuro-inflammation begins early and drives the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and anti-inflammatory therapies are under clinical development. However, several anti-inflammatory compounds failed to improve memory in clinical trials, indicating that reducing inflammation alone might not be enough. On the other hand, neuro-inflammation is implicated in a number of mental disorders which share the same therapeutic targets. Based on these observations, we screened a batch of genes related with mental disorder and neuro-inflammation in a classical olfactory conditioning in an amyloid beta (Aβ) overexpression fly model...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796053/ipilimumab-induced-adenohypophysitis-and-orbital-apex-syndrome-importance-of-early-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Bahareh Hassanzadeh, Jeffrey DeSanto, Jorge C Kattah
Ipilimumab is a novel anti-melanoma agent known to infrequently cause multi-organ autoimmunity. We report a case of pituitary hypophysitis and orbital inflammation followed by an orbital apex syndrome. A 64-year-old woman with a history of skin melanoma, receiving ipilimumab treatment, was seen for near total loss of vision in the right eye and proptosis. Headache of 3-month duration preceded the onset of diplopia followed by severe loss of vision in the right eye. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination was consistent with an orbital apex syndrome...
June 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782959/targeting-central-%C3%AE-2-receptors-ameliorates-streptozotocin-induced-neuroinflammation-via-inhibition-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase3-pathway-in-mice
#11
Nora O Abdel Rasheed, Nesrine S El-Sayed, Aiman S El-Khatib
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is portrayed by progressive cognitive decline and pathological deposition of amyloid plaques as well as neurofibrillary tangles. Most of AD cases are sporadic, resulting from overlap of various environmental and genetic factors. Intra-cerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin (STZ) leads to insulin resistance brain state accompanied by memory decline, oxidative stress, and neuro-degeneration which mimic the pathologies associated with sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD). In the current study, protective effects of formoterol in STZ-induced SAD were studied...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774334/a-comparative-study-of-epa-enriched-ethanolamine-plasmalogen-and-epa-enriched-phosphatidylethanolamine-on-a%C3%AE-42-induced-cognitive-deficiency-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Hongxia Che, Qian Li, Tiantian Zhang, Lin Ding, Lingyu Zhang, Haohao Shi, Teruyoshi Yanagita, Changhu Xue, Yaoguang Chang, Yuming Wang
Ethanolamine plasmalogen (pPE), a major phospholipid in neuronal membranes, is specifically reduced in postmortem brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of EPA-enriched ethanolamine plasmalogen (EPA-pPE) and EPA-enriched phosphatidylethanolamine (EPA-PE) on cognitive deficiency and illustrate the possible underlying mechanisms. SD rats were divided into four groups including the sham group injected with 0.9% saline and three amyloid-β (Aβ) infusion groups, Aβ42 group, EPA-pPE group and EPA-PE group...
May 18, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767741/gateway-reflex-neural-activation-mediated-immune-cell-gateways-in-the-central-nervous-system
#13
Daisuke Kamimura, Takuto Ohki, Yasunobu Arima, Masaaki Murakami
The neural regulation of organs can be categorized as systemic or local. Whereas systemic regulation by the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland-mediated release of steroid hormones has been well studied, the mechanisms for local regulation have only recently emerged. Two types of local neural regulation are known, the gateway reflex and the inflammatory reflex. The gateway reflex describes a mechanism that converts regional neural stimulations into inflammatory outputs by changing the state of specific blood vessels...
May 15, 2018: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767332/recent-development-in-antihyperalgesic-effect-of-phytochemicals-anti-inflammatory-and-neuro-modulatory-actions
#14
REVIEW
Ajeet Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Manjula Vinayak
INTRODUCTION: Pain is an unpleasant sensation triggered by noxious stimulation. It is one of the most prevalent conditions, limiting productivity and diminishing quality of life. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used as pain relievers in present day practice as pain is mostly initiated due to inflammation. However, due to potentially serious side effects, long term use of these antihyperalgesic drugs raises concern. Therefore there is a demand to search novel medicines with least side effects...
May 16, 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764818/necrotising-scleritis-keratitis-and-uveitis-in-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#15
Brijesh Takkar, Sudarshan Khokhar, Uma Kumar, Pradeep Venkatesh
Ocular manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome typically include thromboembolic and neuro-ophthalmic complications. In this report we present a case of inflammation of the ocular coats in a patient diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome 16 years prior. We discuss management of the case and the possible aetiology of the rare association.
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759891/the-putative-role-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-pathophysiology-of-sleep-dysfunction-across-neuropsychiatric-disorders-focus-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-bipolar-disorder-and-multiple-sclerosis
#16
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Brendon Stubbs, Cristiano A Köhler, Ken Walder, Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Michael Berk, André F Carvalho
Sleep and circadian abnormalities are prevalent and burdensome manifestations of diverse neuro-immune diseases, and may aggravate the course of several neuropsychiatric disorders. The underlying pathophysiology of sleep abnormalities across neuropsychiatric disorders remains unclear, and may involve the inter-play of several clinical variables and mechanistic pathways. In this review, we propose a heuristic framework in which reciprocal interactions of immune, oxidative and nitrosative stress, and mitochondrial pathways may drive sleep abnormalities across potentially neuroprogressive disorders...
April 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749614/microrna-signature-of-central-nervous-system-infiltrating-dendritic-cells-in-an-animal-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Mariah L Hoye, Angela S Archambault, Taylor M Gordon, Landon K Oetjen, Matthew D Cain, Robyn S Klein, Seth D Crosby, Brian S Kim, Timothy M Miller, Gregory F Wu
Innate immune cells are integral to the pathogenesis of several diseases of the central nervous system (CNS), including multiple sclerosis (MS). Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent CD11c+ antigen-presenting cells that are critical regulators of adaptive immune responses, particularly in autoimmune diseases such as MS. The regulation of DC function in both the periphery and CNS compartment has not been fully elucidated. One limitation to studying the role of CD11c+ DCs in the CNS is that microglia can upregulate CD11c during inflammation, making it challenging to distinguish bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) from microglia...
May 10, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748664/nanovesicles-from-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-inhibit-t-lymphocyte-trafficking-and-ameliorate-chronic-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#18
Alessia Farinazzo, Stefano Angiari, Ermanna Turano, Edoardo Bistaffa, Silvia Dusi, Serena Ruggieri, Roberta Bonafede, Raffaella Mariotti, Gabriela Constantin, Bruno Bonetti
Cell based-therapies represent promising strategies for the treatment of neurological diseases. We have previously shown that adipose stem cells (ASC) ameliorate chronic experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Recent evidence indicates that most ASC paracrine effects are mediated by extracellular vesicles, i.e. micro- and nanovesicles (MVs and NVs). We show that preventive intravenous administration of NVs isolated from ASC (ASC-NVs) before disease onset significantly reduces the severity of EAE and decreases spinal cord inflammation and demyelination, whereas therapeutic treatment with ASC-NVs does not ameliorate established EAE...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721820/hypothermic-total-liquid-ventilation-after-experimental-aspiration-associated-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
Jérôme Rambaud, Fanny Lidouren, Michaël Sage, Matthias Kohlhauer, Mathieu Nadeau, Étienne Fortin-Pellerin, Philippe Micheau, Luca Zilberstein, Nicolas Mongardon, Jean-Damien Ricard, Megumi Terada, Patrick Bruneval, Alain Berdeaux, Bijan Ghaleh, Hervé Walti, Renaud Tissier
BACKGROUND: Ultrafast cooling by total liquid ventilation (TLV) provides potent cardio- and neuroprotection after experimental cardiac arrest. However, this was evaluated in animals with no initial lung injury, whereas out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is frequently associated with early-onset pneumonia, which may lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here, our objective was to determine whether hypothermic TLV could be safe or even beneficial in an aspiration-associated ARDS animal model...
May 2, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713326/editorial-neuro-immune-interactions-in-inflammation-and-autoimmunity
#20
EDITORIAL
Niccolò Terrando, Valentin A Pavlov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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