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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914119/the-impact-of-road-construction-on-subjective-well-being-in-communities-in-madre-de-dios-peru
#1
Amy R Riley-Powell, Gwenyth O Lee, Nehal S Naik, Kelly E Jensen, Christina O'Neal, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Stella M Hartinger, Daniel G Bausch, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
The interoceanic highway (IOH) in Madre de Dios, Peru has driven dramatic change in the Peruvian Amazon basin. We conducted a mixed methods study to examine the impact of these changes on the subjective well-being (SWB) of four communities on the IOH. Themes that emerged qualitatively included changing health threats, environmental degradation, and the impact of increased migration. To achieve a higher level of SWB, respondents emphasized the need for higher incomes, opportunities to learn new skills, and a better education for their children...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790014/biochemical-profile-of-non-enzymatic-stress-markers-in-the-plant-species-urginea-maritima-in-a-mediterranean-natural-reserve-exposed-to-oxidative-stress
#2
Yara Khairallah, Tarek Houri, Bilal Osta, Dany Romanos, Georges Haddad
Protected areas decrease degrading natural ecosystems due to pollution such as air pollution. In 1981, the inhabitants founded Bentael natural reserve in Byblos, Lebanon, to secure their region against urbanization projects, like the recently constructed road that threatens the biodiversity of the reserve. This study was conducted to determine the oxidative stress resulting from this pollution and that menaces 360 floral species among them a rare species "Urginea maritima." In this research, the biomonitoring approach was experienced to assess the oxidative stress...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763810/forensic-drug-intelligence-and-the-rise-of-cryptomarkets-part-ii-combination-of-data-from-the-physical-and-virtual-markets
#3
Marie Morelato, Julian Broséus, Adrian De Grazia, Mark Tahtouh, Pierre Esseiva, Claude Roux
Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragmented nature of traces that result from illegal activities, combining the results of concurrent processes based on traces of different nature should provide supplementary benefit to understand the drug market...
May 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758899/evaluating-land-ecological-security-and-examining-its-relationships-with-driving-factors-using-gis-and-generalized-additive-model
#4
Yongjiu Feng, Qianqian Yang, Xiaohua Tong, Lijuan Chen
Land ecological security (LES) refers to the environmental health and sustainability of the land resources and ecosystems, which are substantially affected by biophysical and socio-economic factors. We assess the spatiotemporal patterns of LES in Ningbo city on the southeast coast of China from 1975 to 2015 and explore the effects of driving factors. Expert evaluation is used to estimate the LES score for each 2×2km grid and map the patterns by Kriging. Five levels of LES are used: very secure, secure, neutral, insecure and very insecure...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748947/nutrition-and-food-security-policy-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-situation-analysis-and-roadmap-towards-2021
#5
Behzad Damari, Zahra Abdollahi, Majid Hajifaraji, Arezoo Rezazadeh
Background: All government policies and programmes for food and nutrition security should include providing healthy food, as well as providing economic and social availability for all people. Aim: This study aimed to analyse the current situation of Iranian food and nutrition security and establish a road map towards 2021. Methods: The applied methods were situation analysis and a mixed qualitative-quantitative method. The conceptual method used for developing this national document encompassed three areas: sustainable food supply, food safety and nutrition...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738453/managing-emergency-situations-in-vanet-through-heterogeneous-technologies-cooperation
#6
Amilcare Francesco Santamaria, Mauro Tropea, Peppino Fazio, Floriano De Rango
Nowadays, the research on vehicular computing enhanced a very huge amount of services and protocols, aimed to vehicles security and comfort. The investigation of the IEEE802.11p, Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) and Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) standards gave to the scientific world the chance to integrate new services, protocols, algorithms and devices inside vehicles. This opportunity attracted the attention of private/public organizations, which spent lot of resources and money to promote vehicular technologies...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589684/-occupational-risk-factors-and-perceptions-of-air-pollution-by-motorcycle-taxi-drivers-in-cotonou-benin
#7
Hervé Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Brice Tollo, Benjamin Fayomi, Edgard-Marius Ouendo
INTRODUCTION: Motorcycle taxis occupy a major place in urban transport. Motorcycle taxi drivers are exposed to occupational risk factors (ORF) including air pollution. The objective of this study was to evaluate these ORF among motorcycle taxi drivers and their perceptions of air pollution. METHODS: This mixed study was conducted on motorcycle taxi drivers in Cotonou. The qualitative study was based on focus groups concerning 16 items from the Participatory Occupational Risk Screening Guide (DEPARIS) until saturation and after triangulation of data...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558924/prediction-of-safe-driving-behaviours-based-on-health-belief-model-the-case-of-taxi-drivers-in-bandar-abbas-iran
#8
Asghar Razmara, Teamur Aghamolaei, Abdoulhossain Madani, Zahra Hosseini, Shahram Zare
BACKGROUND: Road accidents are among the main causes of mortality. As safe and secure driving is a key strategy to reduce car injuries and offenses, the present research aimed to explore safe driving behaviours among taxi drivers based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHODS: This study was conducted on 184 taxi drivers in Bandar Abbas who were selected based on a multiple stratified sampling method. Data were collected by a questionnaire comprised of a demographic information section along with the constructs of the HBM...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538314/3vsr-three-valued-secure-routing-for-vehicular-ad-hoc-networks-using-sensing-logic-in-adversarial-environment
#9
Muhammad Sohail, Liangmin Wang
Today IoT integrate thousands of inter networks and sensing devices e.g., vehicular networks, which are considered to be challenging due to its high speed and network dynamics. The goal of future vehicular networks is to improve road safety, promote commercial or infotainment products and to reduce the traffic accidents. All these applications are based on the information exchange among nodes, so not only reliable data delivery but also the authenticity and credibility of the data itself are prerequisite. To cope with the aforementioned problem, trust management come up as promising candidate to conduct node's transaction and interaction management, which requires distributed mobile nodes cooperation for achieving design goals...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502484/developing-and-implementing-national-health-identifiers-in-resource-limited-countries-why-what-who-when-and-how
#10
Eduard J Beck, J Mark Shields, Gaurang Tanna, Gerrit Henning, Ian de Vega, Gail Andrews, Philippe Boucher, Lionel Benting, Jesus Maria Garcia-Calleja, John Cutler, Whitney Ewing, Boonchai Kijsanayotin, Tapiwanashe Kujinga, Mary Mahy, Keletso Makofane, Kim Marsh, Chujit Nacheeva, Noma Rangana, Mary Felissa Reyes Vega, Keith Sabin, Olga Varetska, Steven Macharia Wanyee, Stephen Watiti, Brian Williams, Jinkou Zhao, Cesar Nunez, Peter Ghys, Daniel Low-Beer
Many resource-limited countries are scaling up health services and health-information systems (HISs). The HIV Cascade framework aims to link treatment services and programs to improve outcomes and impact. It has been adapted to HIV prevention services, other infectious and non-communicable diseases, and programs for specific populations. Where successful, it links the use of health services by individuals across different disease categories, time and space. This allows for the development of longitudinal health records for individuals and de-identified individual level information is used to monitor and evaluate the use, cost, outcome and impact of health services...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495269/smartveh-secure-and-efficient-message-access-control-and-authentication-for-vehicular-cloud-computing
#11
Qinlong Huang, Yixian Yang, Yuxiang Shi
With the growing number of vehicles and popularity of various services in vehicular cloud computing (VCC), message exchanging among vehicles under traffic conditions and in emergency situations is one of the most pressing demands, and has attracted significant attention. However, it is an important challenge to authenticate the legitimate sources of broadcast messages and achieve fine-grained message access control. In this work, we propose SmartVeh, a secure and efficient message access control and authentication scheme in VCC...
February 24, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484301/the-one-health-concept-10-years-old-and-a-long-road-ahead
#12
REVIEW
Delphine Destoumieux-Garzón, Patrick Mavingui, Gilles Boetsch, Jérôme Boissier, Frédéric Darriet, Priscilla Duboz, Clémentine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Frédérique Le Roux, Serge Morand, Christine Paillard, Dominique Pontier, Cédric Sueur, Yann Voituron
Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution, and the development of multifactorial and chronic diseases. This highlighted the increasing globalization of health risks and the importance of the human-animal-ecosystem interface in the evolution and emergence of pathogens...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441767/-forensic-analysis-of-498-road-traffic-accident-deaths-in-haikou-city
#13
R Bai, M Chen
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the characteristics of road traffic accident deaths in Haikou city, and to provide reference for the identification of causes of death and the preventive measures. METHODS: Totally 498 road traffic accident deaths accepted by the Traffic Police Branch of Haikou City Public Security Bureau in 2014-2016 were collected, and the related parameters such as sex, age, time of the accidents, travel mode of the victims, the types of vehicle and the cause of death were analysed...
December 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344017/global-registration-identifier-for-donors-grid-of-hematopoietic-stem-cells-road-to-automation-and-safety
#14
REVIEW
Joachim Klaus Neller, Paul Ashford, Caroline van Veen, Andreas Humpe
Once a cohort exceeds a certain size, it becomes mandatory to assign an identifier (ID) for each individual to ensure a secure, reliable, and unambiguous assignment. In the field of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with a still growing number of voluntary unrelated donors, it was recognized that a system needs to be developed to uniquely identify potential donors on a global scale to facilitate communication and to prevent errors in identification of donors. Efforts in this respect resulted in establishment of the GRID, with a defined structure and allocated rules...
November 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330699/accounting-of-ghg-emissions-and-removals-from-forest-management-a-long-road-from-kyoto-to-paris
#15
REVIEW
Joachim H A Krug
BACKGROUND: Forests have always played an important role in agreeing on accounting rules during the past two decades of international climate policy development. Starting from activity-based gross-net accounting of selected forestry activities to mandatory accounting against a baseline-rules have changed quite rapidly and with significant consequences for accounted credits and debits. Such changes have direct consequences on incentives for climate-investments in forestry. There have also been strong arguments not to include forests into the accounting system by considering large uncertainties, procedural challenges and a fear of unearned credits corrupting the overall accounting system, among others...
January 3, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236883/violence-in-public-transportation-an-approach-based-on-spatial-analysis
#16
Daiane Castro Bittencourt de Sousa, Cira Souza Pitombo, Samille Santos Rocha, Ana Rita Salgueiro, Juan Pedro Moreno Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a spatial analysis of the occurrence of acts of violence (specifically robberies) in public transportation, identifying the regions of greater incidence, using geostatistics, and possible causes with the aid of a multicriteria analysis in the Geographic Information System. METHODS: The unit of analysis is the traffic analysis zone of the survey named Origem-Destino, carried out in Salvador, state of Bahia, in 2013. The robberies recorded by the Department of Public Security of Bahia in 2013 were located and made compatible with the limits of the traffic analysis zones and, later, associated with the respective centroids...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206822/analysis-of-accidents-and-injuries-on-motorcycles-in-mexico
#17
Luis David Berrones-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the type of injuries and the characteristics and geographical distribution of road accidents where motorcycles were involved in Mexico. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of second-hand information sources was conducted, including the number of accidents (N = 41,881), total number of injured people (N = 13,916) and medical expenses (N = 9,111) associated to motorcycle accidents during 2014. RESULTS: Motorcycles represent 13...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177222/how-to-organize-a-medical-elective
#18
Georgina Wellstead, Kiron Koshy, Katharine Whitehurst, Buket Gundogan, Alexander J Fowler
The medical elective is often considered a major highlight of the medical school experience. However, organizing an elective can be a daunting experience. From selecting a destination, to securing bursaries, the road is fraught with uncertainty. In this article, we provide some guidance on how to successfully organize a medical elective. This includes the selection of the destination; options for research or clinical practice and tips for budgeting and acquiring travel bursaries.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077719/status-and-determinants-of-small-farming-households-food-security-and-role-of-market-access-in-enhancing-food-security-in-rural-pakistan
#19
Umar Ijaz Ahmed, Liu Ying, Muhammad Khalid Bashir, Muhammad Abid, Farhad Zulfiqar
In most of the developing countries, lack of resources and little market accessibility are among the major factors that affect small farming household food security. This study aims to investigate the status of small farming households' food security, and its determinants including the role of market accessibility factors in enhancing food security at household level. In addition, this study also determines the households' perception about different kinds of livelihoods risks. This study is based on a household survey of 576 households conducted through face-to-face interviews using structured interviews in Punjab, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043295/three-dimensional-supercritical-resolved-light-induced-magnetic-holography
#20
Chenglong Hao, Zhongquan Nie, Huapeng Ye, Hao Li, Yang Luo, Rui Feng, Xia Yu, Feng Wen, Ying Zhang, Changyuan Yu, Jinghua Teng, Boris Luk'yanchuk, Cheng-Wei Qiu
In the era of big data, there exists a growing gap between data generated and storage capacity using two-dimensional (2D) magnetic storage technologies (for example, hard disk drives), because they have reached their performance saturation. 3D volumetric all-optical magnetic holography is emerging rapidly as a promising road map to realizing high-density capacity for its fast magnetization control and subwavelength magnetization volume. However, most of the reported light-induced magnetization confronts the problems of impurely longitudinal magnetization, diffraction-limited spot, and uncontrollable magnetization reversal...
October 2017: Science Advances
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