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Road security

V Gopalakrishnan, N K Sahoo, I D Roy
Mandibular fractures in the neonate are rare. The aetiological factors are traumatic delivery, accidental fall, road traffic accidents, and attempted infanticide. The diagnosis is difficult due to facial oedema masking the clinical features and the absence of dentition. The treatment of fractures in the newborn represents a unique problem in terms of investigations, diagnosis, selection of anaesthesia, and method of fixation. The case of a 1-day-old infant referred for the management of a mandibular fracture sustained in an accidental fall is presented herein...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S Treviño-Siller, L E Pacheco-Magaña, P Bonilla-Fernández, C Rueda-Neria, L Arenas-Monreal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe a public school-based educational intervention (EI) designed to increase knowledge, improve attitudes, and change practices related to road safety. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods evaluation of a road traffic safety baseline diagnosis conducted in 4 public schools, 2 primary and 2 secondary. Research was organized into 4 phases: (1) diagnosis, (2) EI design, (3) implementation, and (4) evaluation. We used convenience sampling (n = 219 students) across schools and applied a pre-/posttest design based on quantitative and qualitative data...
August 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Janaína Braga de Paiva, Maria do Carmo Soares de Freitas, Ligia Amparo da Silva Santos
Based on socio-anthropological studies into food and in connection with guidance from the Public Policy on Food and Nutrition Security in Brazil, this paper sought to objectively analyze students' views of the school meals given to them as part of the National School Feeding Program (PNAE). The data was produced through ethnographic exercises that were developed where the above Program (hereafter Program) had been implemented in a semi-arid municipality in the state of Bahia. The exercises also involved the production of written material and the use of focus groups with teenagers in primary school education...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Qingfeng Li, Huan He, Hailun Liang, David M Bishai, Adnan A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: To better understand national data sources and evaluate time trends in road traffic fatalities (RTF) in China. METHODS: We reviewed national sources on RTF data. These included population-based report from the Ministry of Public Security (MPS), sample-based estimates from the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the Disease Surveillance Points System (DSP), as well as model-based estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD)...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Mona C Backhans, Sarah Mosedale, Daniel Bruce, Margaret Whitehead, Bo Burström
BACKGROUND: Employment and unemployment are key determinants of health inequalities and should be a priority when discussing policies to reduce such inequalities. Our aim is to investigate how flexicurity policies across European countries impact on the employment chances for people with low education and activity limitations. METHODS: The longitudinal EU-SILC dataset, pooled 2005-2010, was used to calculate labour market outcomes. The sample consisted of 25 countries and 19,881 individuals...
2016: BMC Public Health
Guy Diamond, Jody Russon, Suzanne Levy
Attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) is an empirically supported treatment designed to capitalize on the innate, biological desire for meaningful and secure relationships. The therapy is grounded in attachment theory and provides an interpersonal, process-oriented, trauma-focused approach to treating adolescent depression, suicidality, and trauma. Although a process-oriented therapy, ABFT offers a clear structure and road map to help therapists quickly address attachment ruptures that lie at the core of family conflict...
September 2016: Family Process
Shazia Ghafoor, Nadeem Sheikh
Pakistan is among the last three countries along with Afghanistan and Nigeria, where polio virus is still endemic. More or less, with some fluctuations, numbers of reported cases in the past few years have shown a rising trend. Year 2014 pushed the country into the deep sea of difficulties, as number of cases rose to red alert level of 328. Security situation has adversely affected the whole immunization coverage campaign. In a country where 40 polio vaccinators have been killed since 2012, such a big number of cases is not a surprising outcome...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Francisca F Gouveia, Jesper P Rahbek, Asmus R Mortensen, Mette T Pedersen, Pedro M Felizardo, Rasmus Bro, Michael J Mealy
Significant improvements can be realized by converting conventional batch processes into continuous ones. The main drivers include reduction of cost and waste, increased safety, and simpler scale-up and tech transfer activities. Re-designing the process layout offers the opportunity to incorporate a set of process analytical technologies (PAT) embraced in the Quality-by-Design (QbD) framework. These tools are used for process state estimation, providing enhanced understanding of the underlying variability in the process impacting quality and yield...
August 11, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Yikai Chen, Kai Wang, Mark King, Jie He, Jianxun Ding, Qin Shi, Changjun Wang, Pingfan Li
OBJECTIVES: Road traffic crashes that involve very high numbers of fatalities and injuries arouse public concern wherever they occur. In China, there are two categories of such crashes: a crash that results in 10-30 fatalities, 50-100 serious injuries or a total cost of 50-100 million RMB ($US8-16m) is a "serious road traffic crash" (SRTC), while a crash that is even more severe or costly is a "particularly serious road traffic crash" (PSRTC). The aim of this study is to identify the main factors affecting different types of these crashes (single-vehicle, head-on, rear-end and side impact) with the ultimate goal of informing prevention activities and policies...
2016: PloS One
Fangrong Chang, Maosheng Li, Pengpeng Xu, Hanchu Zhou, Md Mazharul Haque, Helai Huang
Issues related to motorcycle safety in China have not received enough research attention. As such, the causal relationship between injury outcomes of motorcycle crashes and potential risk factors remains unknown. This study intended to investigate the injury risk of motorcyclists involved in road traffic crashes in China. To account for the ordinal nature of response outcomes and unobserved heterogeneity, a mixed ordered logit model was employed. Given that the crash occurrence process is different between intersections and non-intersections, separate models were developed for these locations to independently estimate the impacts of various contributing factors on motorcycle riders' injury severity...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sarah A Collins, Ronen Rozenblum, Wai Yin Leung, Constance Rc Morrison, Diana L Stade, Kelly McNally, Patricia Q Bourie, Anthony Massaro, Seth Bokser, Cindy Dwyer, Ryan S Greysen, Priyanka Agarwal, Kevin Thornton, Anuj K Dalal
OBJECTIVE: To describe current practices and stakeholder perspectives of patient portals in the acute care setting. We aimed to: (1) identify key features, (2) recognize challenges, (3) understand current practices for design, configuration, and use, and (4) propose new directions for investigation and innovation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mixed methods including surveys, interviews, focus groups, and site visits with stakeholders at leading academic medical centers...
June 29, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Debra Cascardo
It is time to add risk analysis and risk management to your policies and procedures manuals to comply with the HIPAA Security Rules. CMS is very serious about protecting patients' health information. There is no doubt that complying just with HIPAA security is a complex undertaking, because the rules themselves have multiple elements. Create a road map that not only sees the big picture but is detailed enough to address specific concerns unique to your practice, such as identifying the right individuals in your practice to lead the effort...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
Jan Brož, Lenka Syčová Kriváňová, Zuzana Fedáková, Lilit Petrosyan, Milan Kvapil, Jan Polák
Diabetes mellitus is a disease which may affect the eligibility to hold a driving license and increase the risk of a road accident. Hypoglycemia while driving is considered to be the most risky situation, with diabetes increasing the mentioned risk for instance due to impaired vision in the case of possible retinopathy. The group of drivers with diabetes being at the greatest risk as to accidents are those with a case history of severe hypoglycemia or hypoglycemia occurred while driving, or possibly of a road accident...
March 2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Miaomiao Liu, Yining Huang, Rosemary Hiscock, Qin Li, Jun Bi, Patrick L Kinney, Clive E Sabel
As public expectations for health rise, health measurements broaden from a focus on death, disease, and disability to wellbeing. However, wellbeing hasn't been incorporated into the framework of climate change policy decision-making in Chinese cities. Based on survey data (n = 763) from Suzhou, this study used Generalized Estimation Equation approach to model external conditions associated with wellbeing. Then, semi-quantitative analyses were conducted to provide a first indication to whether local climate change policies promote or conflict with wellbeing through altering these conditions...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jing-hu Pan, Xiao Liu
Starting from ecological environment of inland river in arid area, the distribution of ecological security pattern of Ganzhou District was obtained by using the theory of landscape ecology, spatial principal component analysis (SPCA) and GIS techniques. Ten factors such as altitude, slope, soil erosion, vegetation coverage, and distance from road, were selected as the constraint conditions. According to the minimum cumulative resistance (MCR) model of landscape, the ecological corridor and nodes were established to optimize the structure and function of ecological function network...
October 2015: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Marco Springmann, Daniel Mason-D'Croz, Sherman Robinson, Tara Garnett, H Charles J Godfray, Douglas Gollin, Mike Rayner, Paola Ballon, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its effects on agriculture. Although much research has focused on questions of food security, less has been devoted to assessing the wider health impacts of future changes in agricultural production. In this modelling study, we estimate excess mortality attributable to agriculturally mediated changes in dietary and weight-related risk factors by cause of death for 155 world regions in the year 2050. METHODS: For this modelling study, we linked a detailed agricultural modelling framework, the International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT), to a comparative risk assessment of changes in fruit and vegetable consumption, red meat consumption, and bodyweight for deaths from coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, and an aggregate of other causes...
May 7, 2016: Lancet
Paul S Goodman, Fabio Galatioto, Neil Thorpe, Anil K Namdeo, Richard J Davies, Roger N Bird
Hydraulic fracturing (fracking) has been used extensively in the US and Canada since the 1950s and offers the potential for significant new sources of oil and gas supply. Numerous other countries around the world (including the UK, Germany, China, South Africa, Australia and Argentina) are now giving serious consideration to sanctioning the technique to provide additional security over the future supply of domestic energy. However, relatively high population densities in many countries and the potential negative environmental impacts that may be associated with fracking operations has stimulated controversy and significant public debate regarding if and where fracking should be permitted...
April 2016: Environment International
Robert D Dvorak, Matthew R Pearson, Clayton Neighbors, Matthew P Martens, Brittany L Stevenson, Nicholas J Kuvaas
OBJECTIVE: Drinking remains a problem across college campuses. Changing this behavior requires interventions that can be easily and widely dispersed. Several theories place intentions as a proximal predictor of behavior change. The current study examines the effects of a Web-based Deviance Regulation Theory (DRT) intervention on (1) intentions to use alcohol protective behavior strategies (PBS) and (2) associations between these intentions and actual behavior. METHOD: Participants (n = 76) completed a 6-week, Web-based study examining drinking behaviors...
June 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Kaiyong Huang, Wenjie Liang, Shanshan Han, Abu S Abdullah, Li Yang
This study aimed to assess the relationships between road traffic injury severity and individual characteristics in Liuzhou, a city in southern China. Data for this study were collected from the Guangxi Public Security Bureau Traffic Police Corps. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis was used. Of all 14,595 individuals involved in accidents, males, motor vehicle drivers, motorcyclists, and those aged 21-45 years accounted for the great proportion of all injuries. Children, the elderly, pedestrians, farmers and migrant workers, unemployed people, and novice drivers were at higher risk of serious injury in crashes...
November 2015: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Manoj Bhausaheb Parchake, Nilesh K Tumram, Rahul Umbare, R V Kachare, C R Dode
Decapitation is the separation of the head from the neck. Accidental decapitation is rare, and very few cases are cited in the literature. In this case, the victim was asleep during an overnight trip with her head sticking out of the window, and she was decapitated by a truck travelling in the opposite direction. Lack of security grilles on windows, high-speed driving, narrow roads and night travel were contributing factors. This case is presented for its rarity and pattern of injuries during the fatal mishap and to consider possible preventive measures...
June 2016: Medico-legal Journal
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