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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589684/-occupational-risk-factors-and-perceptions-of-air-pollution-by-motorcycle-taxi-drivers-in-cotonou-benin
#1
Hervé Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Brice Tollo, Benjamin Fayomi, Edgard-Marius Ouendo
INTRODUCTION: Motorcycle taxis occupy a major place in urban transport. Motorcycle taxi drivers are exposed to occupational risk factors (ORF) including air pollution. The objective of this study was to evaluate these ORF among motorcycle taxi drivers and their perceptions of air pollution. METHODS: This mixed study was conducted on motorcycle taxi drivers in Cotonou. The qualitative study was based on focus groups concerning 16 items from the Participatory Occupational Risk Screening Guide (DEPARIS) until saturation and after triangulation of data...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558924/prediction-of-safe-driving-behaviours-based-on-health-belief-model-the-case-of-taxi-drivers-in-bandar-abbas-iran
#2
Asghar Razmara, Teamur Aghamolaei, Abdoulhossain Madani, Zahra Hosseini, Shahram Zare
BACKGROUND: Road accidents are among the main causes of mortality. As safe and secure driving is a key strategy to reduce car injuries and offenses, the present research aimed to explore safe driving behaviours among taxi drivers based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHODS: This study was conducted on 184 taxi drivers in Bandar Abbas who were selected based on a multiple stratified sampling method. Data were collected by a questionnaire comprised of a demographic information section along with the constructs of the HBM...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538314/3vsr-three-valued-secure-routing-for-vehicular-ad-hoc-networks-using-sensing-logic-in-adversarial-environment
#3
Muhammad Sohail, Liangmin Wang
Today IoT integrate thousands of inter networks and sensing devices e.g., vehicular networks, which are considered to be challenging due to its high speed and network dynamics. The goal of future vehicular networks is to improve road safety, promote commercial or infotainment products and to reduce the traffic accidents. All these applications are based on the information exchange among nodes, so not only reliable data delivery but also the authenticity and credibility of the data itself are prerequisite. To cope with the aforementioned problem, trust management come up as promising candidate to conduct node's transaction and interaction management, which requires distributed mobile nodes cooperation for achieving design goals...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502484/developing-and-implementing-national-health-identifiers-in-resource-limited-countries-why-what-who-when-and-how
#4
Eduard J Beck, J Mark Shields, Gaurang Tanna, Gerrit Henning, Ian de Vega, Gail Andrews, Philippe Boucher, Lionel Benting, Jesus Maria Garcia-Calleja, John Cutler, Whitney Ewing, Boonchai Kijsanayotin, Tapiwanashe Kujinga, Mary Mahy, Keletso Makofane, Kim Marsh, Chujit Nacheeva, Noma Rangana, Mary Felissa Reyes Vega, Keith Sabin, Olga Varetska, Steven Macharia Wanyee, Stephen Watiti, Brian Williams, Jinkou Zhao, Cesar Nunez, Peter Ghys, Daniel Low-Beer
Many resource-limited countries are scaling up health services and health-information systems (HISs). The HIV Cascade framework aims to link treatment services and programs to improve outcomes and impact. It has been adapted to HIV prevention services, other infectious and non-communicable diseases, and programs for specific populations. Where successful, it links the use of health services by individuals across different disease categories, time and space. This allows for the development of longitudinal health records for individuals and de-identified individual level information is used to monitor and evaluate the use, cost, outcome and impact of health services...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495269/smartveh-secure-and-efficient-message-access-control-and-authentication-for-vehicular-cloud-computing
#5
Qinlong Huang, Yixian Yang, Yuxiang Shi
With the growing number of vehicles and popularity of various services in vehicular cloud computing (VCC), message exchanging among vehicles under traffic conditions and in emergency situations is one of the most pressing demands, and has attracted significant attention. However, it is an important challenge to authenticate the legitimate sources of broadcast messages and achieve fine-grained message access control. In this work, we propose SmartVeh, a secure and efficient message access control and authentication scheme in VCC...
February 24, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484301/the-one-health-concept-10-years-old-and-a-long-road-ahead
#6
REVIEW
Delphine Destoumieux-Garzón, Patrick Mavingui, Gilles Boetsch, Jérôme Boissier, Frédéric Darriet, Priscilla Duboz, Clémentine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Frédérique Le Roux, Serge Morand, Christine Paillard, Dominique Pontier, Cédric Sueur, Yann Voituron
Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution, and the development of multifactorial and chronic diseases. This highlighted the increasing globalization of health risks and the importance of the human-animal-ecosystem interface in the evolution and emergence of pathogens...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441767/-forensic-analysis-of-498-road-traffic-accident-deaths-in-haikou-city
#7
R Bai, M Chen
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the characteristics of road traffic accident deaths in Haikou city, and to provide reference for the identification of causes of death and the preventive measures. METHODS: Totally 498 road traffic accident deaths accepted by the Traffic Police Branch of Haikou City Public Security Bureau in 2014-2016 were collected, and the related parameters such as sex, age, time of the accidents, travel mode of the victims, the types of vehicle and the cause of death were analysed...
December 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344017/global-registration-identifier-for-donors-grid-of-hematopoietic-stem-cells-road-to-automation-and-safety
#8
REVIEW
Joachim Klaus Neller, Paul Ashford, Caroline van Veen, Andreas Humpe
Once a cohort exceeds a certain size, it becomes mandatory to assign an identifier (ID) for each individual to ensure a secure, reliable, and unambiguous assignment. In the field of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with a still growing number of voluntary unrelated donors, it was recognized that a system needs to be developed to uniquely identify potential donors on a global scale to facilitate communication and to prevent errors in identification of donors. Efforts in this respect resulted in establishment of the GRID, with a defined structure and allocated rules...
November 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330699/accounting-of-ghg-emissions-and-removals-from-forest-management-a-long-road-from-kyoto-to-paris
#9
REVIEW
Joachim H A Krug
BACKGROUND: Forests have always played an important role in agreeing on accounting rules during the past two decades of international climate policy development. Starting from activity-based gross-net accounting of selected forestry activities to mandatory accounting against a baseline-rules have changed quite rapidly and with significant consequences for accounted credits and debits. Such changes have direct consequences on incentives for climate-investments in forestry. There have also been strong arguments not to include forests into the accounting system by considering large uncertainties, procedural challenges and a fear of unearned credits corrupting the overall accounting system, among others...
January 3, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236883/violence-in-public-transportation-an-approach-based-on-spatial-analysis
#10
Daiane Castro Bittencourt de Sousa, Cira Souza Pitombo, Samille Santos Rocha, Ana Rita Salgueiro, Juan Pedro Moreno Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a spatial analysis of the occurrence of acts of violence (specifically robberies) in public transportation, identifying the regions of greater incidence, using geostatistics, and possible causes with the aid of a multicriteria analysis in the Geographic Information System. METHODS: The unit of analysis is the traffic analysis zone of the survey named Origem-Destino, carried out in Salvador, state of Bahia, in 2013. The robberies recorded by the Department of Public Security of Bahia in 2013 were located and made compatible with the limits of the traffic analysis zones and, later, associated with the respective centroids...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206822/analysis-of-accidents-and-injuries-on-motorcycles-in-mexico
#11
Luis David Berrones-Sanz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the type of injuries and the characteristics and geographical distribution of road accidents where motorcycles were involved in Mexico. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of second-hand information sources was conducted, including the number of accidents (N = 41,881), total number of injured people (N = 13,916) and medical expenses (N = 9,111) associated to motorcycle accidents during 2014. RESULTS: Motorcycles represent 13...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177222/how-to-organize-a-medical-elective
#12
Georgina Wellstead, Kiron Koshy, Katharine Whitehurst, Buket Gundogan, Alexander J Fowler
The medical elective is often considered a major highlight of the medical school experience. However, organizing an elective can be a daunting experience. From selecting a destination, to securing bursaries, the road is fraught with uncertainty. In this article, we provide some guidance on how to successfully organize a medical elective. This includes the selection of the destination; options for research or clinical practice and tips for budgeting and acquiring travel bursaries.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077719/status-and-determinants-of-small-farming-households-food-security-and-role-of-market-access-in-enhancing-food-security-in-rural-pakistan
#13
Umar Ijaz Ahmed, Liu Ying, Muhammad Khalid Bashir, Muhammad Abid, Farhad Zulfiqar
In most of the developing countries, lack of resources and little market accessibility are among the major factors that affect small farming household food security. This study aims to investigate the status of small farming households' food security, and its determinants including the role of market accessibility factors in enhancing food security at household level. In addition, this study also determines the households' perception about different kinds of livelihoods risks. This study is based on a household survey of 576 households conducted through face-to-face interviews using structured interviews in Punjab, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043295/three-dimensional-supercritical-resolved-light-induced-magnetic-holography
#14
Chenglong Hao, Zhongquan Nie, Huapeng Ye, Hao Li, Yang Luo, Rui Feng, Xia Yu, Feng Wen, Ying Zhang, Changyuan Yu, Jinghua Teng, Boris Luk'yanchuk, Cheng-Wei Qiu
In the era of big data, there exists a growing gap between data generated and storage capacity using two-dimensional (2D) magnetic storage technologies (for example, hard disk drives), because they have reached their performance saturation. 3D volumetric all-optical magnetic holography is emerging rapidly as a promising road map to realizing high-density capacity for its fast magnetization control and subwavelength magnetization volume. However, most of the reported light-induced magnetization confronts the problems of impurely longitudinal magnetization, diffraction-limited spot, and uncontrollable magnetization reversal...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036716/reconsidering-set-the-people-free-neoliberalism-and-freedom-rhetoric-in-churchill-s-conservative-party
#15
James Freeman
It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric...
September 18, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987308/ambulance-crash-in-a-rural-area-of-thailand
#16
Ratrawee Pattanarattanamolee, Somkid Lertsinudom, Shinji Nakahara, Tetsuya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: Ambulance crashes delay patient transfer and endanger patients, ambulance crews, and other road users. In low- and middle-income countries, where motor vehicle crash rates are typically high, ambulances have a high risk of being involved in a crash. This case report describes an ambulance crash in Thailand to elucidate modifiable problems in current protocols and practices of emergency medical services. CASE REPORT: In November 2016, a 28-year-old male driver of an ambulance died in a crash while transferring a female patient with dizziness to a rural hospital...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701849/blunt-trauma-neck-with-complete-tracheal-transection-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge-to-the-trauma-team
#17
K N J Prakash Raju, D Anandhi, R Surendar, Ashwith Shetty, Vinay R Pandit
Survival following trachea-esophageal transection is uncommon. Establishing a secure airway has the highest priority in trauma management. Airway management is a unique and a defining element to the specialty of emergency medicine. There is no doubt regarding the significance of establishing a patent airway in the critically ill patient in the emergency department. Cannot intubate and cannot ventilate situation is a nightmare to all emergency physicians. The most important take-home message from this case report is that every Emergency physician should have the ability to predict "difficult airway" and recognize "failed airway" very early and be skilled in performing rescue techniques when routine oral-tracheal intubation fails...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662093/diversity-of-inland-valleys-and-opportunities-for-agricultural-development-in-sierra-leone
#18
Elliott Ronald Dossou-Yovo, Idriss Baggie, Justin Fagnombo Djagba, Sander Jaap Zwart
Inland valleys are becoming increasingly important agricultural production areas for rural households in sub-Saharan Africa due to their relative high and secure water availability and soil fertility. In addition, inland valleys are important as water buffer and biodiversity hot spots and they provide local communities with forest, forage, and fishing resources. As different inland-valley ecosystem functions may conflict with agricultural objectives, indiscriminate development should be avoided. This study aims to analyze the diversity of inland valleys in Sierra Leone and to develop guidelines for more precise interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658380/road-traffic-accidents-global-burden-of-disease-study-brazil-and-federated-units-1990-and-2015
#19
Roberto Marini Ladeira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Otaliba Libânio de Morais, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Adauto Martins Soares, Cíntia Honório Vasconcelos, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
Objective: To describe the global burden of disease due to road traffic accidents in Brazil and federated units in 1990 and 2015. Methods: This is an analysis of secondary data from the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study estimates. The following estimates were used: standardized mortality rates and years of life lost by death or disability, potential years of life lost due to premature death, and years of unhealthy living conditions. The Mortality Information System was the main source of death data...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652316/the-modified-jo-burg-technique-for-securing-intercostal-chest-drains
#20
Daniel J Ablett, L Navaratne, D Chua, C G Streets, N R M Tai
Insertion of an intercostal chest drain (ICD) is a common intervention in the management of either blunt or penetrating thoracic trauma. It is frequently performed by junior medical personnel as an emergency procedure during the initial resuscitation period and often within a stressful environment. Approximately one-fifth of all ICD insertions are associated with complications. In a retrospective review of over 1000 ICD insertions, 7% of the complications observed were due to inadequate fixation, resulting in dislodgement...
October 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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