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Evaluation and asssessment

Fatma Tokgoz Akyıl, Tülin Sevim, Canan Akman, Emine Aksoy, Meltem Ağca, Oguz Aktas, Mustafa Akyıl
BACKGROUND: Combined idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and emphysema (CPFE) has been reported to be more common in male smokers. A number of studies comparing CPFE patients with fibrosis-only patients have reported a similar prognosis while others have reported a significantly shorter survival. OBJECTIVES: In present study, we aimed to compare baseline characteristics of patients with IPF according to emphysema presence. We asssessed the prognostic value of emphysema along with each other parameter...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
C Lobryeau-Desnus, P Girard, C Daguenant, O Constant, M Rallo, S Jamet
OBJECTIVE: To improve rehabilitation strategies of functional dysphonias in relation to posture after clinical asssessment and recordings of posture obtained using a stabilometric platform and EquiTest. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 2 groups were compared: group 1 (58 dysphonic patients; 44 women and 14 men), group 2 (19 nondysphonic singers; 11 women and 8 men). They all had a vocal assessment, a test of Freeman and an EquiTest. Their vocal handicap was evaluated by the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and the WONCA questionnaire...
2010: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
Christopher Keating, Vicente Martinez, Lorna Ewart, Stephen Gibbons, Luke Grundy, Jean-Pierre Valentin, David Grundy
Motility-related gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions (GADRs), such as constipation and diarrhea, are some of the most frequently reported adverse events associated with the clinical development of new chemical entities, and for marketed drugs. However, biomarkers capable of detecting such GADRs are lacking. Here, we describe an in vitro assay developed to detect and quantify changes in intestinal motility as a surrogate biomarker for constipation/diarrhea-type GADRs. In vitro recordings of intraluminal pressure were used to monitor the presence of colonic peristaltic motor complexes (CPMCs) in mouse colonic segments...
June 15, 2010: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
P Giniés
Evaluation of pain in otolaryngology diseases is indispensable in treating patients. Parallel to the etiological diagnosis of otolaryngology disease, a clinical diagnosis of the pain must be made to determine the weighting of the three causes of pain involved in any acute or chronic condition: the component of nociceptive, neurogenic, and psychofunctional pain. This paper will discuss how pain can be quantified and qualified, and how to identify the status of the neurological system of perception and control of the pain process...
October 2007: Annales D'oto-laryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico Faciale
Richard B Lipton, Marcelo E Bigal
The epidemiologic studies of the last 15 years have taught many lessons that will help define the clinical and research agenda in migraine for the next 15 years. Because the condition is common, disabling, and costly (Lesson 1) and because it has major comorbidities (Lesson 2), migraine is an important target for treatment. Because consultation, diagnosis, and effective treatment rates are low (Lessons 3 and 4) it is important to develop strategies for closing the gap between treatment available and treatment delivered in the primary care setting where the majority of patients seek care (Lesson 5 and 6)...
April 2007: Headache
Paul R Maxwell, Robert Flisiak
Hepatic damage associated with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) relies on measurement of serum transaminases and asssessment of hepatic histology. We determined if serum hepatic function tests, including alpha-glutathione-S-transferase ((GST), were of value in monitoring or predicting the effect of lamivudine therapy for CHB. Thirty-nine patients received orally 100 mg of lamivudine daily for 48 weeks. Blood samples were obtained at baseline and at 24 and 48 weeks. At the end of the treatment period the patients were then divided into four groups according to the pattern of HBs and HBe antigens...
October 2006: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jin Pyo Hong, Jack Samuels, O Joseph Bienvenu, Fang-Chi Hsu, William W Eaton, Paul T Costa, Gerald Nestadt
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the long-term outcome of personality disorder traits. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in a community-residing population, the longitudinal relationship between psychiatrist-assessed personality disorder scores and global functioning 13-18 years later. METHOD: A stratified random sample of residents of east Baltimore were examined by psychiatrists in 1981 and asssessed for DSM-III personality disorders using a semi-structured instrument, the Standardized Psychiatric Examination...
June 2005: Psychological Medicine
N Parthuisot, P Catala, P Lebaron, D Clermont, C Bizet
AIMS: To determine the potential use of flow cytometry for viability asssessment of freeze-dried bacterial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Escherichia coli CIP 54.8T and Vibrio metschnikovii CIP 104262 were analysed. The viability of freeze-dried cells resuspended in a nutrient broth was evaluated by culture whereas activity was determined by flow cytometry analysis of both esterase activity and cell death. Activity assessment by flow cytometry was found to be a rapid and good indicator of cell viability and was very efficient for quality control...
2003: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Z A Walker, J Townsend
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Teenagers are acknowledged to be at high risk of health-damaging behaviours including smoking, teenage pregnancy, and drug and alcohol use. Additionally, the recognition of high levels of psychological distress is cause for serious concern about teenage health. This paper reviews health promotion interventions for teenagers in general practice. Medline, BIDS, Psyclit and SIGLE databases for January 1990-February 1997 were systematically searched for English language studies on adolescent/teenage health and health promotion interventions in primary health care/general practice; reference sections of articles were checked for earlier work...
April 1999: Family Practice
R M Robinson, J M Powers, P H Cleveland, B A Thyer
Reported are the results of two uncontrolled outcome studies that evaluate the effectiveness of inpatient psychiatric treatment of children and adolescents suffering from clinical depression. Study 1 employed a sample of 7 children and measured outcome with the Depression Self-rating Scale (DSRS), the Hopelessness Scale for Children (HSC), and the Global Asssessment of Functioning (GAF) scale, which were administered to each child upon admission and again at discharge. Inpatient treatment involved multiple interventions, including individual psychotherapy, medication, milieu therapy and token economy, and other procedures...
1990: Psychiatric Hospital
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