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Diabetes Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028847/is-history-of-periodontitis-a-risk-factor-for-peri-implant-disease-a-pilot-study
#1
Mehmet Ali Altay, Sinan Tozoğlu, Nelli Yıldırımyan, Mehmet Mustafa Özarslan
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of implant treatment in periodontally compromised patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partially edentulous patients who were diagnosed and treated for chronic periodontitis and later rehabilitated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures were enrolled in this study. At the final follow-up, data on probing pocket depth and bleeding on probing were collected, and changes in peri-implant bone levels were assessed on periapical radiographs...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028680/association-between-dioxin-and-metabolic-syndrome-by-age-and-sex-in-an-endemic-area-of-exposure-in-taiwan
#2
Chien-Yuan Huang, Ching-Chang Lee, Jung-Wei Chang, Ya-Yun Cheng, Yau-Chang Kuo, How-Ran Guo, Chen-Long Wu
BACKGROUND: Some of the effects of dioxins seem to be different between men and women, and exposures starting at an early age seem to have more prominent effects. Therefore, we conducted a study in Taiwan to evaluate the associations between exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) starting at different ages in both sexes. METHODS: We recruited participants from an area where residents were exposed to PCDD/Fs released from a factory and defined serum PCDD/Fs levels ≥20 pg WHO98-TEQDF/g lipid as high dioxin levels...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028675/the-risk-of-stroke-in-physicians-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#3
Hon-Pheng Tam, Hung-Jung Lin, Shih-Feng Weng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Chien-Cheng Huang, How-Ran Guo
BACKGROUND: Physicians in Taiwan work in stressful workplaces and have heavy workloads, both of which may contribute to the occurrence of a stroke. However, it is not clear whether they have a higher risk of stroke. Therefore, we conducted a population-based cohort study to compare the risks of stroke between physicians and the general population and among subgroups of physicians in Taiwan. METHODS: In the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we identified 28,062 physicians and selected 84,186 age- and sex-matched nonmedical staff beneficiaries as the references...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028482/adiposity-phenotypes-are-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-lap-index-body-adiposity-index-and-neck-circumference
#4
Aline Marcadenti, Flavio D Fuchs, Leila B Moreira, Miguel Gus, Sandra C Fuchs
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adiposity phenotypes can be detected by anthropometric indexes associated with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Besides body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), new indices seem to be able to identify T2DM. This study aimed to evaluate independent associations of T2DM with lipid accumulation product (LAP index), neck circumference (NC) and body adiposity index (BAI) in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 430 patients with hypertension...
September 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028361/new-findings-on-biological-actions-and-clinical-applications-of-royal-jelly-a-review
#5
Mozafar Khazaei, Atefe Ansarian, Elham Ghanbari
Royal jelly (RJ) is a natural bee product with great potential for use in medicine. The chemical composition of RJ indicates the presence of various bioactive substances including 10-hydroxydecanoic acid and 24-methylenecholesterol. In addition, a number of biological and pharmacological activities of RJ have been documented. The aim of this study was to review the biological and medical effects of RJ. The search was conducted in articles from electronic and scientific literature databases such as Pub Med, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and ISI Web of Science published from 1990 to 2017 using keywords of pharmacological, biological, and clinical effects and royal jelly...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028083/association-between-advanced-oxidation-protein-products-aopp-and-vascular-calcification-in-uremic-patients
#6
L Lin, G-J Zhao, L-L Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and vascular calcification in uremic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The general data of included subjects were collected, and the serum AOPP, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), creatinine (Cre), Urea, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C), hemoglobin (Hb) and albumin (ALB) were detected...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027843/the-impact-of-vascular-risk-factors-on-brain-volume-and-lesion-load-in-patients-with-early-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Alexander Pichler, Michael Khalil, Christian Langkammer, Daniela Pinter, Stefan Ropele, Siegrid Fuchs, Gerhard Bachmaier, Christian Enzinger, Franz Fazekas
BACKGROUND: Vascular risk factors (VRF) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have been associated with lower brain volumes. It is currently unknown if this association already exists in early MS and how it develops over time. METHODS: We identified 82 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) ( n = 61) or with early relapsing-remitting MS ( n = 21) and assessed their VRF including arterial hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and smoking. We analysed T2-lesion load, normalized brain volume (NBV), cortical grey (cGMV) and white matter volumes (WMV), thalamic and basal ganglia volumes at baseline and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assessed the percentage of brain volume change (PBVC) using SIENA...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026833/primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-adults-in-china
#8
REVIEW
Jian Yong, Dong Lin, Xue-Rui Tan
Over the past two decades, the percentage of Chinese who is 60 years or older has increased from 5.2% in 1995 to 10.5% in 2015. Approximately 16% of the population in China was 60 years old and above in 2015. Since 1990, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of death in China. Cardiovascular medications of older adults are usually more complicated than younger age groups due to polypharmacy, the presence of comorbidities and more susceptible to treatment-related adverse outcomes. Therefore, effective primary prevention of CVD for older adults is important in sustaining the health of older adults and reducing the burden of the healthcare system...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026767/socioeconomic-determinants-affecting-the-quality-of-life-among-diabetic-and-hypertensive-patients-in-a-rural-area-egypt
#9
Hewaida M ElShazly, Nagwa Nashat Hegazy
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension have a high prevalence of growth in all countries threatening to become a global epidemic risk, thus the quality of life this category of patients is extremely important. The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic determinants affecting the quality of life among diabetic and hypertensive patients. PATIENT AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural family health care center in El-Batanon village, in the delta region of Menoufia, Egypt...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#10
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026467/chromogranin-a-as-a-biochemical-marker-for-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-single-center-experience-at-royal-hospital-oman
#11
Elham S Al-Risi, Fatma S Al-Essry, Waad-Allah S Mula-Abed
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the significance of serum chromogranin A (CgA) status in patients with and without different neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) by conducting a retrospective assessment of the diagnostic utility and limitations of CgA as a biomarker for NETs in a tertiary care hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of CgA requests referred to the Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory, Royal Hospital, Oman over a 24-month period (April 2012 to March 2014)...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026382/role-of-plasma-adiponectin-c-reactive-protein-ratio-in-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-among-african-americans
#12
Preetha Anna Abraham, Selasi Attipoe, Josh B Kazman, Stacey Anne Zeno, Merrily Poth, Patricia Anne Deuster
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a modifiable risk factor for hypertension and T2D. Objective(s): We examined relations between fasting plasma adiponectin (ADIP), C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations and markers of T2D in African Americans (AA). METHODS: Fasting plasma ADIP, CRP, Insulin (IN), HOMA-IR, lipid profiles, body fat percent (%BF), waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure measures were determined in AA women (W: n=77) and men (M: n=34)...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026381/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-association-between-age-and-gender-and-prescribed-minimum-benefit-chronic-disease-list-conditions-among-south-africans-with-concomitant-hypertension-diabetes-and-dyslipidaemia
#13
Johanita Burger, Martie Lubbe, Jan Serfontein, Suria Ellis
BACKGROUND: Prescribed Minimum Benefit Chronic Disease List (PMB CDL) conditions are a regulated list of conditions most common to South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and association between PMB CDL conditions and age and gender among patients with concomitant hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia. METHODS: The study population consisted of patients (n = 17 866) with a prescription containing at least one co-prescribed antilipemics, antihypertensive and antidiabetic (identified using the MIMS Desk Reference)...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026353/association-of-body-mass-index-and-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
Maged Y Argalious, Natalya Makarova, Alexander Leone, Jacek Cywinski, Ehab Farag
BACKGROUND: Whether the deleterious effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on the kidneys are exacerbated in the obese population remains unknown. We hypothesized that increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing noncardiac laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, we analyzed data on 8,543 adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status scores of I-IV who had inpatient noncardiac laparoscopic surgery from 2005-2014...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025508/discrepancy-in-motivation-for-weight-loss-and-exercise-in-rural-patients
#15
Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley, K Nikki Barefoot
OBJECTIVES: We explored the extent to which discrepancy between motivation for weight loss and exercise is related to obesity among rural patients with chronic disease, and identified the psychosocial correlates of this discrepancy. METHODS: 497 patients with diabetes and/or hypertension were recruited from a network of Federally Qualified Health Centers in the rural South and completed a battery of assessments. RESULTS: Most persons in the sample (83...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025435/withania-somnifera-as-a-potential-candidate-to-ameliorate-high%C3%A2-fat-diet-induced-anxiety-and-neuroinflammation
#16
Taranjeet Kaur, Gurcharan Kaur
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of obesity has reached alarming levels in both developing and developed nations. Excessive calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle due to technological advancements are the main causal factors for overweight and obesity among the human population. Obesity has been associated with a number of co-morbidities such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegeneration and dementia. The progression of neurological disorders in obese subjects has been mainly attributed to neuroinflammation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024702/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-pcos-long-term-metabolic-consequences
#17
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Basil C Tarlatzis, Robert P Kauffman
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women during their reproductive ages, associated with a plethora of cardiometabolic consequences, with obesity, insulin resistance and hyperandrogenemia playing a major role in the degree of such manifestations. These consequences include increased risk of glucose intolerance and diabetes mellitus (both type 2 and gestational), atherogenic dyslipidemia, systemic inflammation, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertension and coagulation disorders...
October 9, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024600/liver-x-receptor-%C3%AE-is-targeted-by-microrna-1-to-inhibit-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-through-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway
#18
Yongxia Cheng, Dawei Zhang, Min Zhu, Ying Wang, Sufen Guo, Biao Xu, Guangyu Hou, Yukuan Feng, Guibo Liu
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is defined as ventricular dysfunction occurring independently of a recognized cause such as hypertension or coronary artery disease. Liver X receptor α (LXRα), a subtype of ligand-activated transcription factors LXRs, has been considered as a potential pharmacological target in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, the potential mechanism of how LXRα is regulated in cardiomyocytes is still unclear. This study investigated the effect of activating LXRα with GW3965 on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and its upstream regulator in glucose-induced H9C2 cells...
October 12, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024010/imaging-behind-occluded-areas-with-an-iatrogenic-perforated-balloon-a-safe-practical-and-simple-new-method-of-visualizing-the-distal-lumen-in-total-occlusion
#19
Yakup Balaban, Osman Bektaş, Adil Bayramoğlu, Hasan A Gümrükçüoğlu, Ali H Kayışoğlu
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness and reliability of a new method that reveals whether guidewire advanced distal to the lesion is in the lumen in patients with acute (ATO) or chronic coronary total occlusion (CTO). METHODS: Forty-one patients with symptomatic ATO and 22 patients with CTO who were admitted into our catheterization laboratory between January 2016 and March 2017 were included. In patients in whom antegrade filling could not be demonstrated after passing 0...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023983/age-vascular-health-and-alzheimer-s-disease-biomarkers-in-an-elderly-sample
#20
Prashanthi Vemuri, Timothy G Lesnick, Scott A Przybelski, David S Knopman, Val J Lowe, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, Mary M Machulda, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between age, vascular health, and Alzheimer's disease (AD) imaging biomarkers in an elderly sample. METHODS: We identified 430 individuals along the cognitive continuum aged>60 years with amyloid-PET, Tau-PET, and MRI scans from the population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. A subset of 329 individuals had FDG-PET. We ascertained presently existing cardiovascular and metabolic conditions (CMC) from healthcare records and used the summation of presence/absence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiac-arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, and stroke as a surrogate for vascular health...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Neurology
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