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Diabetes Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231668/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-in-2010-2012
#1
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 104 098 men and women aged 18 years or above was gathered from 150 monitoring sites from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from the China National Health and Nutrition Surveillance (2010-2012) Project. Data was randomly selected by multi-stage stratified and Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) cluster random sampling method. Prevalence of MS was defined under the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society (CDS)...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#2
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#3
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230330/comparing-six-antihypertensive-medication-classes-for-preventing-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-among-hypertensive-patients-a-network-meta-analysis
#4
Yang Yang, Huilan Xu
Hypertensive patients usually have a higher risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NOD) which may trigger cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the effectiveness of six antihypertensive agents with respect to NOD prevention in hypertensive patients was assessed. A network meta-analysis was conducted to compare the efficacy of specific drug classes. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for relevant articles. Results of the pairwised meta-analysis were illustrated by odd ratios (OR) and a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230198/longitudinal-association-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-with-cognitive-functioning-in-a-general-70-year-old-population-the-sonic-study
#5
Hirochika Ryuno, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Mai Kabayama, Ryosuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Serina Yokoyama, Motonori Nagasawa, Satomi Maeda-Hirao, Yuki Imaizumi, Miyuki Takeya, Hiroko Yamamoto, Masao Takeda, Yoichi Takami, Norihisa Itoh, Yasushi Takeya, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Hiroki Inagaki, Yukie Masui, Michiyo Takayama, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi
Both hypertension and diabetes in middle-aged individuals have been suggested to be predictive indicators of cognitive decline. However, the association of hypertension, diabetes and their combination with cognitive functioning is still controversial in older people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive decline and hypertension, diabetes, and their combination in 70-year-old people based on a 3-year longitudinal analysis. Four hundred and fifty-four people aged 70 (±1) years who participated in the Japanese longitudinal cohort study of Septuagenarians, Octogenarians and Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC) were recruited randomly from a general population and were monitored for 3 years...
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229983/establishment-and-application-of-early-risk-stratification-method-for-acute-abdominal-pain-in-adults
#6
Yu Wang, Hong Zhao, Zhen Zhou, Ci Tian, Hong-Li Xiao, Bao-En Wang
BACKGROUND: Acute abdominal pain is a common symptom of emergency patients. The severity was always evaluated based on physicians' clinical experience. The aim of this study was to establish an early risk stratification method (ERSM) for addressing adults with acute abdominal pain, which would guide physicians to take appropriate and timely measures following the established health-care policies. METHODS: In Cohort 1, the records of 490 patients with acute abdominal pain that developed within the past 72 h were enrolled in this study...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229912/mid-diastolic-left-ventricular-volume-and-mass-normal-values-for-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography
#7
Daniel Juneau, Fernanda Erthal, Owen Clarkin, Atif Alzahrani, Ali Alenazy, Alomgir Hossain, Joao R Inacio, Girish Dwivedi, Alexander J Dick, Frank J Rybicki, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: The adoption of prospectively ECG-triggered acquisition coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has resulted in the inability to measure left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction. However other prognostic measures such as LV mass and LV mid-diastolic volume (LVMDV) can still be assessed. The objective of this study is to establish normal reference values for LVMDV and LV mass. METHODS: Left ventricular mid-diastolic volumes and LV mass were prospectively measured in 2647 consecutive 'normal' patients undergoing prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229293/age-related-hearing-loss-and-dementia-a-10-year-national-population-based-study
#8
Peijen Su, Chih-Chao Hsu, Hung-Ching Lin, Wei-Shin Huang, Tsung-Lin Yang, Wei-Ting Hsu, Cheng-Li Lin, Chung-Yi Hsu, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Yi-Chao Hsu
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is postulated to affect dementia. Our study aims to investigate the relationship between ARHL and the prevalence, and 10-year incidence of dementia in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). We selected patients diagnosed with ARHL from the NHIRD. A comparison cohort comprising of patients without ARHL was frequency-matched by age, sex, and co-morbidities, and the occurrence of dementia was evaluated in both cohorts. The ARHL cohort consisted of 4108 patients with ARHL and the control cohort consisted of 4013 frequency-matched patients without ARHL...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229055/a-comparative-study-on-skin-and-plasma-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-their-associations-with-arterial-stiffness
#9
Chang-Yuan Liu, Qi-Fang Huang, Yi-Bang Cheng, Qian-Hui Guo, Qi Chen, Yan Li, Ji-Guang Wang
BACKGROUND: We compared skin and plasma measurements of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), with particular focus on their levels in the presence of hypertension or diabetes and prediabetes and their associations with arterial stiffness in outpatients with suspected or diagnosed hypertension. METHODS: Skin AGE accumulation was measured as autofluorescence on the left forearm using the skin autofluorescence Reader and expressed in arbitrary units in the range from 0 to 25...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229050/association-between-beta-fibrinogen-c148t-gene-polymorphism-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-a-north-indian-population-a-case-control-study
#10
Amit Kumar, Shubham Misra, Pradeep Kumar, Ram Sagar, Kameshwar Prasad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a multifactorial disease influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this case-control study was to determine the association between β-fibrinogen C148T (rs1800787) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to ischemic stroke (IS) in a North Indian population. METHODS: In the present case-control study, genotyping was performed using the PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism) method on 250 IS patients and 250 age- and sex-matched controls...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#11
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228456/preeclampsia-and-future-cardiovascular-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Pensée Wu, Randula Haththotuwa, Chun Shing Kwok, Aswin Babu, Rafail A Kotronias, Claire Rushton, Azfar Zaman, Anthony A Fryer, Umesh Kadam, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder resulting in hypertension and multiorgan dysfunction. There is growing evidence that these effects persist after pregnancy. We aimed to systematically evaluate and quantify the evidence on the relationship between preeclampsia and the future risk of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the future risk of heart failure, coronary heart disease, composite cardiovascular disease, death because of coronary heart or cardiovascular disease, stroke, and stroke death after preeclampsia...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228307/comparative-study-of-cardiac-autonomic-status-by-heart-rate-variability-between-under-treatment-normotensive-and-hypertensive-known-type-2-diabetics
#13
Jayesh D Solanki, Sanket D Basida, Hemant B Mehta, Sunil J Panjwani, Bhakti P Gadhavi
BACKGROUND: Co-existence of hypertension is known in three quarter of Indian type 2 diabetics, this duo having adverse additive effect on cardiovascular health including dysautonomia. Latter can be measured by simple 5min heart rate variability (HRV) using simple electrocardiogram, which if reduced indicates cardiac risk. OBJECTIVE: We compared HRV parameters between hypertensive and normotensive type 2 diabetics, looking for significant difference if any. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 98 hypertensive and 40 normotensive type 2 diabetics treated as outpatients were evaluated for disease control and risk stratification...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228305/clinical-presentation-management-and-outcomes-in-the-indian-heart-rhythm-society-atrial-fibrillation-ihrs-af-registry
#14
A Vora, A Kapoor, M Nair, Y Lokhandwala, C Narsimhan, A G Ravikishore, S K Dwivedi, N Namboodiri, R Hygriv, A Saxena, A Nabar, S Garg, N Bardoloi, R Yadav, A Nambiar, U Pandurangi, D Jhala, A Naik, Nagmallesh, S Rajagopal, R Selvaraj, V Arora, A Thachil, J Thomas, G Panicker
AIM: A national atrial fibrillation (AF) registry was conducted under the aegis of the Indian Heart Rhythm Society (IHRS), to capture epidemiological data-type of AF, clinical presentation and comorbidities, current treatment practices, and 1-year follow-up outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1537 patients were enrolled from 24 sites in India in the IHRS-AF registry from July 2011 to August 2012. Their baseline characteristics and follow-up data were recorded in case report forms and subsequently analyzed...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226751/deep-neural-ensemble-for-retinal-vessel-segmentation-in-fundus-images-towards-achieving-label-free-angiography
#15
A Lahiri, Abhijit Guha Roy, Debdoot Sheet, Prabir Kumar Biswas, A Lahiri, Abhijit Guha Roy, Debdoot Sheet, Prabir Kumar Biswas, Debdoot Sheet, Prabir Kumar Biswas, A Lahiri
Automated segmentation of retinal blood vessels in label-free fundus images entails a pivotal role in computed aided diagnosis of ophthalmic pathologies, viz., diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The challenge remains active in medical image analysis research due to varied distribution of blood vessels, which manifest variations in their dimensions of physical appearance against a noisy background. In this paper we formulate the segmentation challenge as a classification task...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226032/risk-of-vertebral-fracture-in-patients-diagnosed-with-a-depressive-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Shyh-Chyang Lee, Li-Yu Hu, Min-Wei Huang, Cheng-Che Shen, Wei-Lun Huang, Ti Lu, Chiao-Lin Hsu, Chih-Chuan Pan
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that depression may play a crucial role in the occurrence of vertebral fractures. However, a clear correlation between depressive disorders and osteoporotic fractures has not been established. We explored the association between depressive disorders and subsequent new-onset vertebral fractures. Additionally, we aimed to identify the potential risk factors for vertebral fracture in patients with a depressive disorder. METHODS: We studied patients listed in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database who were diagnosed with a depressive disorder by a psychiatrist...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226026/diabetes-mellitus-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-is-there-an-association-baseline-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#17
Alessandra G Samelli, Itamar S Santos, Renata R Moreira, Camila M Rabelo, Laurie P Rolim, Isabela J Bensenõr, Paulo A Lotufo
OBJECTIVES: Although several studies have investigated the effects of diabetes on hearing loss, the relationship between these two conditions remains unclear. Some studies have suggested that diabetes may cause sensorineural hearing loss, whereas others have failed to find an association. The biggest challenge in investigating the association between diabetes and hearing loss is the presence of confounding variables and the complexity of the auditory system. Our study investigated the association between diabetes and sensorineural hearing loss...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225994/a-rare-case-of-ectopic-acth-syndrome-originating-from-malignant-renal-paraganglioma
#18
Esra Tutal, Demet Yılmazer, Taner Demirci, Evrim Cakır, Salih Sinan Gültekin, Bahadır Celep, Oya Topaloğlu, Erman Çakal
Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome is characterized by hypercortisolism due to the hypersecretion of a non-pituitary ACTH-secreting tumor leading to Cushing's syndrome. Only a few cases have been reported previously as causing ectopic ACTH related to paraganglioma. Herein, we present a case of Cushing's syndrome, in who was proved to be attributable to an ACTH-secreting renal malignant paraganglioma. A 40-year-old woman presented with a five-month history of newly diagnosed hypertension and diabetes, weakness, hyperpigmentation, oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, and acneiform lesions...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225943/-inequalities-on-indicators-of-chronic-conditions-among-adults-in-mexico-analysis-of-three-health-surveys
#19
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends from 2000 to 2012 in socioeconomic inequalities in health related to diabetes and hypertension indicators in Mexico. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of three national health surveys (2000, 2006 and 2012), measuring inequality using absolute and relative gaps as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for diabetes and hypertension indicators. Results: From 2000 to 2012, there is a reduction in the gap related to the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and hypertension, with a parallel reduction in the inequality related to care for those conditions, while an inequality gradient on diabetes care remains...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225861/predictors-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-evaluated-by-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-asymptomatic-young-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Rosane Kupfer, Manuella Rangel Larrúbia, Isabela Bussade, Joana Rodrigues Dantas Pereira, Giovanna A Balarini Lima, Marcio Antonio Epifanio, Claudio Domenico Sahione Schettino, Denise Prado Momesso
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence and clinical predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic, young adult women with type 1 DM. Subjects and methods: The study included 45 women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) (aged 36 ± 9 years) who underwent carotid Doppler ultrasound evaluation to determine the carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and to assess the occurrence of carotid artery plaques. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR), and metabolic syndrome (MS) was defined by the World Health Organization criteria...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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