Read by QxMD icon Read

Real time pcr intrapartum gbs

Eliane Saori Otaguiri, Ana Elisa Belotto Morguette, Alexandre Tadachi Morey, Eliandro Reis Tavares, Gilselena Kerbauy, Rosângela S L de Almeida Torres, Mauricio Chaves Júnior, Maria Cristina Bronharo Tognim, Viviane Monteiro Góes, Marco Aurélio Krieger, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi, Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae or Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains the leading cause of infections in newborns worldwilde. Prenatal GBS screening of pregnant women for vaginal-rectal colonization is recommended in many countries to manage appropriate intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis for those identified as carriers. In this study, a novel melting-curve based multiplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of GBS and macrolide and lincosamide resistance markers was developed...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Otto Henrique May Feuerschuette, Sheila Koettker Silveira, Ana Carolina Labor Cancelier, Rosemeri Maurici da Silva, Daisson José Trevisol, Jefferson Ricardo Pereira
Group B Streptococcus is the leading etiologic factor of neonatal sepsis. Intrapartum real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) may allow faster and more accurate detection of maternal colonization. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of RT-PCR when compared to the reference standard culture in selective broth media collected from rectovaginal tract from laboring women. We selected 15 studies that included 6368 women. Papers selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were carried out by two independent researchers...
February 2, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Meiwa Toyofuku, Miyuki Morozumi, Mariko Hida, Yoshitake Satoh, Hiroshi Sakata, Hiroyuki Shiro, Kimiko Ubukata, Mitsuru Murata, Satoshi Iwata
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of colonization with group B streptococci (GBS) among neonates as influenced by maternal GBS carriage and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). STUDY DESIGN: Between October 2014 and May 2015, nasopharyngeal and rectal swab samples were collected from 730 neonates at 1 week and 1 month after birth. GBS and capsular serotype were identified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and by culture. IAP at delivery was determined retrospectively from hospital records...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
C Plainvert, F El Alaoui, A Tazi, C Joubrel, O Anselem, M Ballon, A Frigo, C Branger, L Mandelbrot, F Goffinet, C Poyart
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal infections in industrialized countries. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) given to colonized parturients is a key step for the prevention of neonatal early-onset infection. We compared the performances of Xpert® GBS polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) as a point-of-care system in labor wards to standard culture for intrapartum GBS detection. Pregnant women with a GBS-positive antenatal screening were prospectively included...
February 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Elena Picchiassi, Giuliana Coata, Giulia Babucci, Irene Giardina, Valentina Summa, Federica Tarquini, Michela Centra, Vittorio Bini, Benito Cappuccini, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential improvement of introducing an intrapartum test for the detection of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) during labor and to estimate its cost-effectiveness versus antepartum GBS screening culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirteen women at beginning of labor, with unknown GBS status or with antepartum GBS screening culture were enrolled. A vaginal-rectal specimen was collected from each woman for GBS detection by real-time PCR...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sandhya Ramesh Babu, Rachel McDermott, Irum Farooq, David Le Blanc, Wendy Ferguson, Naomi McCallion, Richard Drew, Maeve Eogan
This pilot study assessed the diagnostic accuracy and potential impact of a rapid PCR-based screening test for the detection of group B Streptococcus (GBS) at the onset of labour for the purpose of optimising intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Vaginal and rectal swabs from a convenience sample of 158 women were analysed by conventional broth-enriched culture and a rapid PCR test. Overall, GBS carriage was 18.98% by culture and 19.62% by PCR. PCR for the detection of GBS had a sensitivity of 93.1%, specificity of 96...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Dorothea Maria Koppes, Antonius Arnoldus Cornelis Maria Vriends, Michiel van Rijn, Antonine Dimphne van Heesewijk
AIM: To reduce the intrapartum use of antibiotics in women with prolonged rupture of the membranes (PROM) by restriction of antibiotics to women who are colonized with group B streptococci (GBS), as identified with the Cepheid Gene Xpert polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detecting GBS. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial among full-term delivering women with PROM. Fifty-four women were enrolled, based on a power calculation with a significance level of 5% and a power of 95%...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
M Defez, F Khizar, M Maurin, F Biot, J-C Pons, F Sergent
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of a rapid real-time PCR assay at the onset of labor with those of the current antenatal culture-based test at 34-38 weeks gestation for group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study including all pregnant women admitted for delivery after a 34-week gestation period was conducted in October 2012 at the Grenoble University Hospital Centre. A first culture-based GBS screening test was performed between 34 and 38 weeks of gestation followed by a second screening test at the onset of labor, using a real-time PCR Assay and a culture-based method (gold standard) in order to calculate the diagnostic accuracy...
November 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Luigi Corvaglia, Giacomo Tonti, Silvia Martini, Arianna Aceti, Giuseppe Mazzola, Irene Aloisio, Diana Di Gioia, Giacomo Faldella
OBJECTIVES: The effect of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) for group B Streptococcus (GBS) on bacterial colonization of the infant's gut has not been investigated extensively. We aimed to evaluate the effect of IAP on gut microbiota in healthy term infants, also exploring the influence of type of feeding. METHODS: Healthy term infants, whose mothers had been screened for GBS in late gestation, were divided into 2 groups: infants born to GBS-positive mothers who had received IAP versus controls...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Gholamreza Goudarzi, Masoumeh Ghafarzadeh, Pegah Shakib, Khatereh Anbari
INTRODUCTION: Vertical Transmission of group B streptococcus (GBS) from a vagina colonized mother to her infant upon rupture of membranes (ROM) or after the onset of labor can cause life-threatening infections in newborn. Although intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) can significantly decrease neonatal GBS diseases, this issue has potentiated the emergence of antibiotic resistance strains. Our study examined the colonization rate of GBS using real-time PCR and culture methods, and trends in antibiotic resistance of GBS isolates obtained from pregnant women in Khorramabad, Iran...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
Kei Tanaka, Mitsutoshi Iwashita, Miho Matsushima, Yuichi Wachi, Tomoko Izawa, Keiji Sakai, Yoichi Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of a commercial real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization status and to compare results of the intrapartum PCR with the antepartum conventional GBS culture in Japanese pregnant women. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled Japanese pregnant women at 35-37 weeks' gestation. Paired recto-vaginal swabs were obtained for PCR and conventional culture, both at 35-37 weeks' gestation and at admission for delivery...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Miyuki Morozumi, Naoko Chiba, Yuko Igarashi, Naoki Mitsuhashi, Takeaki Wajima, Satoshi Iwata, Kimiko Ubukata
Most group B streptococcus (GBS) infections in newborns are with capsular type Ia, Ib, or III. To prevent these infections more effectively, we developed a real-time PCR method to simultaneously detect GBS species and identify these 3 capsular types in vaginal swab samples from women at 36-39 weeks of gestation. DNA to be detected included those of the dltS gene (encoding a histidine kinase specific to GBS) and cps genes encoding capsular types. PCR sensitivity was 10 CFU/well for a 33-35 threshold cycle. Results were obtained within 2 h...
January 2015: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Vincenzo Savini, Roberta Marrollo, Eleonora Coclite, Paola Fusilli, Carmine D'Incecco, Paolo Fazii
We report the case of a late-onset neonatal meningitis by Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus - GBS) that was diagnosed with a latex agglutination assay (on cerebrospinal fluid, CSF), as well as by using, for the first time, Xpert GBS (Cepheid, US) on CSF. Due to empirical antibiotics given before sampling, both CSF and blood culture were negative, so the abovementioned diagnostics was crucial. Moreover, the Xpert GBS assay, performed according to an off-label, modified protocol (the system is designed for GBS-carriage intrapartum screening, based on a completely automated real time-Polymerase Chain Reaction) quickly detected the organism's genome target...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Irene Aloisio, Giuseppe Mazzola, Luigi Tommaso Corvaglia, Giacomo Tonti, Giacomo Faldella, Bruno Biavati, Diana Di Gioia
Several factors are known to influence the early colonization of the gut in newborns. Among them, the use of antibiotics on the mother during labor, referred to as intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), has scarcely been investigated, although this practice is routinely used in group B Streptococcus (GBS)-positive women. This work is therefore aimed at verifying whether IAP can influence the main microbial groups of the newborn gut microbiota at an early stage of microbial establishment. Fifty-two newborns were recruited: 26 born by mothers negative to GBS (control group) and 26 by mothers positive to GBS and subjected to IAP with ampicillin (IAP group)...
July 2014: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Stellan Håkansson, Karin Källén, Maria Bullarbo, Per-Åke Holmgren, Katarina Bremme, Asa Larsson, Margareta Norman, Håkan Norén, Catharina Ortmark-Wrede, Karin Pettersson, Sissel Saltvedt, Birgitta Sondell, Magdalena Tokarska, Anna von Vultee, Bo Jacobsson
OBJECTIVE: Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) reduces the incidence of neonatal early onset group B streptococcal infections. The present study investigated if an automated PCR-assay, used bedside by the labor ward personnel was manageable and could decrease the use of IAP in a setting with a risk-based IAP strategy. METHODS: The study comprises two phases. Phase 1 was a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Women with selected risk-factors were allocated either to PCR-IAP (prophylaxis given if positive or indeterminate) or IAP...
March 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nadege Bourgeois-Nicolaos, Anne-Gael Cordier, Christelle Guillet-Caruba, François Casanova, Alexandra Benachi, Florence Doucet-Populaire
The Xpert GBS real-time PCR assay for the detection of group B streptococci (GBS) in antepartum screening samples was evaluated on amniotic fluid samples collected from 139 women with premature rupture of membrane at term. When any intrapartum positive result from the Xpert GBS or culture was considered a true positive, the sensitivities of the Xpert GBS and culture were 92.3% and 84.6%, respectively. This assay could enhance exact identification of candidates for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis.
April 2013: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Deirdre Leigh Church, Heather Baxter, Tracie Lloyd, Beverley Miller, Daniel B Gregson
Xpert group B streptococcus (GBS) was compared to StrepB Carrot Broth™ (SCB) for the detection of intrapartum GBS colonization by dually collecting vaginal/rectal swabs from 231 women. Xpert GBS detected all of the cases (45, 19.5%), but 4 were missed by SCB. A rapid Xpert GBS service for women in labor would increase costs by ∼$55.000 per annum in our region.
April 2011: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Begoña Martínez de Tejada, Catalin M Stan, Michel Boulvain, Gesuele Renzi, Patrice François, Olivier Irion, Jacques Schrenzel
OBJECTIVE: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and Escherichiacoli(E. coli) are the leading causes of early-onset neonatal disease (EOD). Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis of GBS-colonized women decreases vertical transmission and EOD due to GBS. Nevertheless, no intervention has been developed to reduce the risk of EOD related to E. coli. Timely and accurate identification of colonized mothers is necessary to implement preventive strategies against neonatal sepsis. To screen for colonization during labor, we developed a real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of GBS and neonatal invasive strains of E...
2010: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Michelle J Alfa, Shadi Sepehri, Pat De Gagne, Michael Helawa, Gunwat Sandhu, Godfrey K M Harding
The objective of this study was to determine the reliability of the real-time PCR assay for determining the group B Streptococcus (GBS) status of women in labor. In this prospective study we compared the results of culture and PCR testing of vaginal and rectal samples collected by nursing staff when women were in labor. Patients' charts were also reviewed to obtain relevant information about pregnancy risk factors. Our results demonstrated a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of 90...
September 2010: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Martina Wernecke, Ciara Mullen, Vimla Sharma, John Morrison, Thomas Barry, Majella Maher, Terry Smith
BACKGROUND: Despite the implementation of prevention guidelines, early-onset group B streptococci (GBS) disease remains a cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Strategies to identify women who are at risk of transmitting GBS to their infant and the administration of intrapartum antibiotics have greatly reduced the incidence of neonatal GBS disease. However, there is a requirement for a rapid diagnostic test for GBS that can be carried out in a labour ward setting especially for women whose GBS colonisation status is unknown at the time of delivery...
2009: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"