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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447613/-who-ll-do-all-these-if-i-m-not-around-bonding-social-capital-and-health-and-well-being-of-inpatients
#1
Padmore Adusei Amoah, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah, Razak Mohammed Gyasi
PURPOSE: Although social capital influences health-related decisions and behavioural patterns in many developing countries, minimal attention has been paid to the nuances of its effect on healthcare. This paper examines how bonding social capital affects healthcare delivery for inpatients in Ghana. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used and thematic analysis method employed to analyse the data. Interviews were conducted with health professionals and relatives and close friends of inpatients in three public health facilities in Ashanti region...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447472/viable-cell-culture-banking-for-biodiversity-characterization-and-conservation
#2
Oliver A Ryder, Manabu Onuma
Because living cells can be saved for indefinite periods, unprecedented opportunities for characterizing, cataloging, and conserving biological diversity have emerged as advanced cellular and genetic technologies portend new options for preventing species extinction. Crucial to realizing the potential impacts of stem cells and assisted reproductive technologies on biodiversity conservation is the cryobanking of viable cell cultures from diverse species, especially those identified as vulnerable to extinction in the near future...
February 15, 2018: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440911/should-frail-older-adults-be-in-long-term-care-facilities
#3
Liv Wergeland Sørbye, Sidsel Sverdrup, Birgit Brunborg Pay
Aim: Home-based nursing care is relatively easy to access in Norway compared to the rest of Europe, and the threshold for applying for assistance is relatively low. The aim of the present study was to analyze factors that enable frail older adults to live in their own homes, with a low level of care burden stress. Methodology: In 2015 and 2016, eight municipalities from different parts of Norway participated in a cross-sectional study. The quantitative part of the project consisted of assessing care of 71 older adults, aged ≥80 years, using a geriatric comprehensive assessment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439693/health-insurance-is-important-in-improving-maternal-health-service-utilization-in-tanzania-analysis-of-the-2011-2012-tanzania-hiv-aids-and-malaria-indicator-survey
#4
Stephen M Kibusi, Bruno Fokas Sunguya, Eunice Kimunai, Courtney S Hines
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality rates vary significantly from region to region. Interventions such as early and planned antenatal care attendance and facility delivery with skilled health workers can potentially reduce maternal mortality rates. Several factors can be attributed to antenatal care attendance, or lack thereof, including the cost of health care services. The aim of this study was to examine the role of health insurance coverage in utilization of maternal health services in Tanzania...
February 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427519/quality-of-hospice-care-at-home-versus-in-an-assisted-living-facility-or-nursing-home
#5
Kathleen T Unroe, Timothy E Stump, Shannon Effler, Wanzhu Tu, Christopher M Callahan
OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in perceived quality of hospice care for individuals living at home or in a nursing home (NH) or assisted living facility (ALF) through analysis of after-death surveys of family members. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using hospice medical record data and Family Evaluation of Hospice Care (FEHC) survey data. SETTING: Large, national hospice provider. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals who died while receiving routine hospice care and family caregivers who completed after-death quality-of-care surveys...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402650/a-quality-improvement-system-to-manage-feeding-assistance-care-in-assisted-living
#6
Sandra F Simmons, Chris S Coelho, Andrew Sandler, John F Schnelle
PURPOSE: To describe a feasible quality improvement system to manage feeding assistance care processes in an assisted living facility (ALF) that provides dementia care and the use of these data to maintain the quality of daily care provision and prevent unintentional weight loss. DESIGN AND METHODS: Supervisory ALF staff used a standardized observational protocol to assess feeding assistance care quality during and between meals for 12 consecutive months for 53 residents receiving dementia care...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380660/validity-of-brief-cognitive-assessment-tool-modifications-for-older-adults-with-visual-and-motor-limitations
#7
Ryan A Mace, William E Mansbach
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of cognitive, sensory, and physical impairments is expected to grow alongside increasing life expectancy. These chronic conditions pose challenges for geriatric assessment. We examined whether Brief Cognitive Assessment Tool (BCAT) modifications to accommodate visual and motor limitations would retain strong validity for identifying mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHOD: Psychometric analyses were performed on archival data (N = 458) from community-dwelling older adults and residents of assisted living facilities and nursing homes in Maryland, USA (age ≥ 50 years)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371817/assisted-reproductive-technology-in-japan-a-summary-report-for-2015-by-the-ethics-committee-of-the-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#8
Hidekazu Saito, Seung Chik Jwa, Akira Kuwahara, Kazuki Saito, Tomonori Ishikawa, Osamu Ishihara, Koji Kugu, Rintaro Sawa, Kouji Banno, Minoru Irahara
Purpose: The Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) implemented an assisted reproductive technology (ART) registry system in 1986. Here are reported the characteristics and treatment outcomes of ART cycles that were registered in 2015. Methods: JSOG has requested all participating ART facilities to register cycle-specific information for all ART cycles since 2007. A descriptive analysis was performed by using the registry database for 2015. Results: In total, 424 151 cycles and 51 001 neonates (1 in 19...
January 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336597/navigating-emotions-and-relationship-dynamics-family-life-review-as-a-clinical-tool-for-older-adults-during-a-relocation-transition-into-an-assisted-living-facility
#9
Kendra A O'Hora, Karen A Roberto
OBJECTIVE: Relocation for the purpose of receiving care may be one of the more challenging transitions for older adults. The purpose of this study was to facilitate a family life review (FLR) session aimed at enhancing family relationships and assisting older adults in coping with the challenges associated with a relocation. METHODS: Fourteen dyads comprised of older adults who relocated to an assisted living facility (ALF) and a chosen family member or friend participated in a FLR session and semi-structured follow up interview...
January 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320504/evaluation-of-the-practicability-and-virological-performance-of-finger-stick-whole-blood-hiv-self-testing-in-french-speaking-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Serge Tonen-Wolyec, Salomon Batina-Agasa, Jérémie Muwonga, Franck Fwamba N'kulu, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Laurent Bélec
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for HIV testing could be enhanced by offering HIV self-testing (HIVST) in populations that fear stigma and discrimination when accessing conventional HIV counselling and testing in health care facilities. Field experience with HIVST has not yet been reported in French-speaking African countries. METHODS: The practicability of HIVST was assessed using the prototype the Exacto® Test HIV (Biosynex, Strasbourg, France) self-test in 322 adults living in Kisangani and Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, according to World Health Organization's recommendations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304241/developing-the-family-involvement-questionnaire-long-term-care-a-measure-of-familial-involvement-in-the-lives-of-residents-at-long-term-care-facilities
#11
Christopher T Fast, Daniel Houlihan, Jeffrey A Buchanan
Introduction: Existing measures designed to assess family involvement in the lives of older adults residing in long-term care facilities are basic, using visitation frequency as the prominent gauge of involvement in a situation specific fashion. The purpose of this study was to design and validate a measure of family involvement that could be used to gauge more aspects of family involvement than visitation alone and be useful in a variety of settings for both researchers and long-term care facility administrators...
January 3, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297839/reproductive-parameters-and-birth-statistics-for-a-herd-of-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus-in-north-america-over-a-20-year-period
#12
Wendy K Kiso, Ellen Wiedner, Ramiro Isaza, William Lindsay, Janice Aria, Gary Jacobson, Kathy Jacobson, Dennis Schmitt
We reviewed medical records documenting 28 pregnancies occurring within a herd of Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) over a 20-yr (1994-2014) period at a private facility in the southeastern United States. Twenty-six pregnancies resulted in live calves and two ended in stillbirths. The 26 live births represented the offspring of 11 cows and 5 bulls. Twenty-four calves survived their first year, including two critically ill calves born after dystocias. Male and female calves occurred in almost equal numbers...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287694/use-of-anticholinergic-drugs-and-its-relationship-with-psychological-well-being-and-mortality-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-helsinki
#13
Ulla Liisa Aalto, Hanna-Maria Roitto, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Hannu Kautiainen, Kaisu Pitkälä
OBJECTIVES: To assess the burden of drugs with anticholinergic properties (DAPs) and associated factors in long-term care facilities and to explore how psychological well-being and mortality are associated with the use of DAPs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and 1-year follow-up of all-cause mortality. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All 4449 older people (>65 years of age) living in nursing homes and assisted living facilities in Helsinki in 2011 were recruited...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279047/financial-capability-and-sociodemographic-factors-among-survivors-of-human-trafficking
#14
David Okech, Stephen Vandiver McGarity, Nathan Hansen, Abigail C Burns, Waylon Howard
Improving the economic well-being of the girls and women is a key to reducing re-trafficking and in providing stability that survivors can use to rebuild their lives. The study looks at how various sociodemographic traits affected the financial capability of n = 144 women and girls who received intervention at a residential care facility in Ghana, West Africa. Three domain of financial capability are assessed in this, i.e., financial risk, financial planning, and financial saving. A scaled likelihood ratio test (chi-square difference test) was used to evaluate the significance of each direct covariate effect(%)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230475/improving-decisions-about-transport-to-the-emergency-department-for-assisted-living-residents-who-fall
#15
Jefferson G Williams, Michael W Bachman, Michael D Lyons, Benjamin B Currie, Lawrence H Brown, A Wooten Jones, Jose G Cabanas, Alan K Kronhaus, J Brent Myers
Background: Residents of assisted living facilities who fall may not be seriously ill or injured, but policies often require immediate transport to an emergency department regardless of the patient's condition. Objective: To determine whether unnecessary transport can be avoided. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: One large county with a single system of emergency medical services. Participants: Convenience sample of residents in 22 assisted living facilities served by 1 group of primary care physicians...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225047/maldi-tof-ms-analysis-as-a-useful-tool-for-an-identification-of-legionella-pneumophila-a-facultatively-pathogenic-bacterium-interacting-with-free-living-amoebae-a-case-study-from-water-supply-system-of-hospitals-in-bratislava-slovakia
#16
Katarína Trnková, Martina Kotrbancová, Margita Špaleková, Miriam Fulová, Jana Boledovičová, Matej Vesteg
Legionellae, i.e. Legionella pneumophila, are human bacterial hydrophilic facultative pathogens causing pneumonia (Legionnaires' disease). Free-living amoebae (FLA) can serve as natural hosts and thus as reservoirs of many amoebae-resistant bacteria. An encysted amoeba can contribute to the resistance of intracellular L. pneumophila to various chemical and physical treatments. Humans can be infected by droplets containing bacteria from an environmental source or human-made devices such as shower heads, bathtubs, air-conditioning units or whirlpools...
December 7, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219097/analysis-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-support-initiatives-for-physically-disabled-people-on-their-access-to-care-in-the-city-of-saint-louis-senegal
#17
Diarra Bousso Senghor, Oumar Diop, Issa Sombié
BACKGROUND: People with disabilities represent approximately 6% of the Senegalese population. They face significant barriers to accessing health care. Although several initiatives have been implemented to improve access to health care for this vulnerable population, few studies have examined the effects of these initiatives. We conducted a mixed methods study in three neighborhoods in Saint-Louis City (Senegal) to assess the impact of health systems and social assistance programs aimed at improving access to health care for people with disabilities...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203604/the-journey-to-improving-access-to-dental-services-for-individuals-in-assisted-living-facilities-across-north-carolina
#18
Jennifer K Romaszewski
Access to oral health services for individuals within assisted living facilities had never been investigated on a statewide level. This commentary provides an overview of this issue and discusses a recent statewide surveillance survey that can help improve outcomes and access to dental services for residents of assisted living facilities.
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198225/a-pilot-study-exploring-staff-acceptability-of-a-socially-assistive-robot-in-a-residential-care-facility-that-accommodates-people-under-65-years-old
#19
Samantha M Loi, Alice Bennett, Marta Pearce, Khanh Nguyen, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Rajiv Khosla, Dennis Velakoulis
Socially assistive robots have successfully been trialed in residential care facilities (RCFs) for older adults. These robots may have potential for younger adults (i.e. under 65 years old) who also live in RCFs. However, it is important to investigate staff acceptability and ease-of-use of these robots. This pilot study used the Technology Acceptance Model to investigate how staff working in a specialized RCF for younger adults accept Betty, a socially assistive robot who was introduced in the facility for 12 weeks...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162145/reducing-hospital-admissions-in-remote-australia-through-the-establishment-of-a-palliative-and-chronic-disease-respite-facility
#20
Timothy A Carey, Mick Arundell, Kellie Schouten, John S Humphreys, Fred Miegel, Simon Murphy, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: There are limited respite services for palliative care patients and their families in the Northern Territory (NT). The high prevalence of complex chronic diseases, limited access to primary care services, and the poor living situations of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians result in high hospitalisation rates and pressure on tertiary health services. Palliative Care NT identified a need for a flexible, community based, culturally appropriate respite service in Alice Springs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
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