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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162145/reducing-hospital-admissions-in-remote-australia-through-the-establishment-of-a-palliative-and-chronic-disease-respite-facility
#1
Timothy A Carey, Mick Arundell, Kellie Schouten, John S Humphreys, Fred Miegel, Simon Murphy, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: There are limited respite services for palliative care patients and their families in the Northern Territory (NT). The high prevalence of complex chronic diseases, limited access to primary care services, and the poor living situations of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians result in high hospitalisation rates and pressure on tertiary health services. Palliative Care NT identified a need for a flexible, community based, culturally appropriate respite service in Alice Springs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160506/treatment-adherence-in-patients-living-with-hiv-aids-assisted-at-a-specialized-facility-in-brazil
#2
Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#3
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#4
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116679/functional-status-healthcare-utilization-and-the-costs-of-liver-transplantation
#5
Marina Serper, Therese Bittermann, Michael Rossi, David S Goldberg, Arwin M Thomasson, Kim M Olthoff, Abraham Shaked
The Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score predicts higher transplant healthcare utilization and costs; however, the independent contribution of functional status towards costs is understudied. The study objective was to evaluate the association between functional status, as measured by Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), and liver transplant (LT) costs in the first post-transplant year. In a cohort of 598 LT recipients from 7/1/2009-11/30/2014, multivariable models assessed associations between KPS and outcomes...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103674/functional-outcomes-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-trauma-improved-but-unable-to-return-home
#6
Catherine W Lancaster, Charles DiMaggio, Gary Marshall, Stephen Wall, Patricia Ayoung-Chee
BACKGROUND: Twenty-five percent of trauma patients are discharged to postacute care, indicating a loss of physical function and need for rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to quantify the functional improvements in trauma patients discharged from inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) and identify predictors of improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of trauma patients aged ≥ 18 years were admitted to an IRF after discharge from a level-1 trauma center...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094739/microwave-assisted-activation-and-modulator-removal-in-zirconium-mofs-for-buffer-free-cwa-hydrolysis
#7
Y Kalinovskyy, N J Cooper, M J Main, S J Holder, B A Blight
A novel, facile and efficient method was developed for the activation of acetic acid modulated zirconium MOFs. The protocol involves briefly heating the material in water using microwave irradiation. MOF-808, DUT-84 and UiO-66 were all activated in this manner to remove the modulator and organic solvent from the framework post synthesis, with retention of MOF integrity post activation. The degree of activation was characterised by the use of TGA and NMR. The catalytic activity of the activated MOFs and their non-activated counterparts was investigated for chemical warfare agent (CWA) hydrolysis...
November 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089914/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-training-game-for-older-people-a-design-based-approach
#8
Ming-Hsin Lu, Weijane Lin, Hsiu-Ping Yueh
In the research field of cognitive aging, games have gained attention as training interventions to remediate age-related deficits. Cognitive training games on computer, video and mobile platforms have shown ample and positive support. However, the generalized effects are not agreed upon unanimously, and the game tasks are usually simple and decontextualized due to the limitations of measurements. This study adopted a qualitative approach of design-based research (DBR) to systematically review and pragmatically examine the regime, presentation and feedback design of a cognitive training game for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079031/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-people-with-korsakoff-syndrome-and-other-alcohol-related-cognitive-disorders-living-in-specialized-long-term-care-facilities-prevalence-severity-and-associated-caregiver-distress
#9
Ineke J Gerridzen, Cees M P M Hertogh, Marja F Depla, Ruth B Veenhuizen, Els M L Verschuur, Karlijn J Joling
OBJECTIVES: Caring for people with Korsakoff syndrome (KS) residing in specialized long-term care facilities (LTCFs) can be distressing because of challenging neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). However, good-quality studies on NPS in this under-researched population are lacking. This study examined the prevalence and severity of NPS in people with KS living in specialized LTCFs and the associated caregiver distress. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. Data were obtained using structured interviews with care staff, elderly care physicians, and residents...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076447/aging-in-place-our-house-is-a-very-very-very-fine-house
#10
Jeannette Y Wick
As 10,000 American baby boomers turn 65 years of age every day between 2017 and 2030, society needs to help our aging population find ways to handle the restrictions and limitations that come with increasing age: visual impairment, hearing loss, osteoarthritis, dementia, and other conditions common in older adults. Institutional or long-term care for elderly individuals costs an average of $82,000 to $92,000 per person per year and varies by location. Care in an assisted living facility costs $43,500 per person annually...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070943/the-incidence-of-depression-among-residents-of-assisted-living-prevalence-and-related-risk-factors
#11
Fidaa M Almomani, Wegdan Bani-Issa
AIM: This study aims to recognize and estimate the prevalence of depression and its risk factors among residents of assisted living facilities (ALs) in Jordan. BACKGROUND: Depression is commonly experienced by residents of ALs. The condition is, however, often misunderstood as a part of normal aging and may be overlooked by health care professionals. Little is known about the extent of depression and its risk factors among AL residents in Jordan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A national representative sample of 221 residents selected from all AL units across Jordan was recruited to the study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065524/parents-perceived-barriers-to-accessing-sports-and-recreation-facilities-in-ontario-canada-exploring-the-relationships-between-income-neighbourhood-deprivation-and-community
#12
Daniel W Harrington, Jocelyn W Jarvis, Heather Manson
Sports and recreation facilities provide places where children can be physically active. Previous research has shown that availability is often worse in lower-socioeconomic status (SES) areas, yet others have found inverse relationships, no relationships, or mixed findings. Since children's health behaviours are influenced by their parents, it is important to understand parents' perceived barriers to accessing sports and recreation facilities. Data from computer assisted telephone interviews with parents living in Ontario, Canada were merged via postal codes with neighbourhood deprivation data...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057007/the-architecture-of-recovery-two-kinds-of-housing-assistance-for-chronic-homeless-persons-with-substance-use-disorders
#13
Friedner D Wittman, Douglas L Polcin, Dave Sheridan
PURPOSE: Roughly half a million persons in the United States are homeless on any given night and over a third of those individuals have significant alcohol/other drug (AOD) problems. Many are chronically homeless and in need of assistance for a variety of problems. However, the literature on housing services for this population has paid limited attention to comparative analyses contrasting different approaches. APPROACH: We examined the literature on housing models for homeless persons with AOD problems and critically analyzed how service settings and operations aligned with service goals...
2017: Drugs and Alcohol Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#14
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049278/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#15
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042342/reduction-in-fall-rate-in-dementia-managed-care-through-video-incident-review-pilot-study
#16
Eleonore Bayen, Julien Jacquemot, George Netscher, Pulkit Agrawal, Lynn Tabb Noyce, Alexandre Bayen
BACKGROUND: Falls of individuals with dementia are frequent, dangerous, and costly. Early detection and access to the history of a fall is crucial for efficient care and secondary prevention in cognitively impaired individuals. However, most falls remain unwitnessed events. Furthermore, understanding why and how a fall occurred is a challenge. Video capture and secure transmission of real-world falls thus stands as a promising assistive tool. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze how continuous video monitoring and review of falls of individuals with dementia can support better quality of care...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041783/the-lived-experiences-and-social-support-needs-of-first-time-mothers-at-health-care-facilities-in-the-city-of-tshwane-south-africa
#17
Mmajapi E T Masala-Chokwe, Tendani S Ramukumba
BACKGROUND: Social support refers to the assistance people receive from others, and it is divided into four types of support. Given the increasing mortality and morbidity rates of mothers and neonates postpartum, this study intended to determine whether the social support needs of the first-time mothers were met after early discharge from health care facilities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to explore the lived experiences and social support needs of the first-time mothers after an early discharge from health care facilities in the City of Tshwane, Gauteng...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990641/dignity-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-residing-in-assisted-living-facilities
#18
Darlene Robison, Gloria McInnis-Perry, Lori E Weeks, Vicki Foley
There is a lack of nursing literature on older adults' perceptions of dignity, specifically those of older adults with schizophrenia. With the aging population, mental health services and support for older adults with schizophrenia will become a greater priority. The purpose of the current descriptive phenomenological study was to describe the meaning of the lived experience of dignity for older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities. A purposive sample of eight older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities participated in semi-structured interviews following the descriptive phenomenological psychological method...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947117/making-a-measurable-difference-in-advanced-huntington-disease-care
#19
Carol Brown Moskowitz, Ashwini K Rao
Neurologists' role in the care of people with advanced Huntington disease (HD) (total functional capacity <7), often limited by a lack of clinical research to support good practice, includes the following: (1) provide comprehensive health records to an interdisciplinary care staff before admission to a more intense care setting (home health services, day program, assisted living, group home, long-term skilled nursing facility, palliative care); (2) consult with and refer to rehabilitation (occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech and language pathology), behavioral and psychiatric professionals for problem-solving strategies, which must be reviewed with direct care staff before implementation; (3) encourage and support qualitative and quantitative interdisciplinary research studies, and randomized controlled studies of nonpharmacologic interventions; and (4) assist in the development of meaningful measures to further document what works to provide a good quality of life for the patient and family and a comfortable thoughtful approach to a good death...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918832/streptococcus-anginosus-group-bacterial-infections
#20
Tasaduq Fazili, Scott Riddell, Deanna Kiska, Tim Endy, Luca Giurgea, Calden Sharngoe, Waleed Javaid
BACKGROUND: The Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) causes a variety of infections in adults. To better understand the burden of SAG infections and their associated morbidity and mortality, we conducted a retrospective analysis of these infections in adults at a tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cultures positive for SAG in adults and a corresponding review of the patients' medical records were conducted at a tertiary care facility in central New York...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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