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Assisted-living facilities

Laura Nauha, Niina S Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Timo Jämsä, Jarmo Reponen
The aim of this study was to assess in practice whether assistive technologies support and facilitate the work of a family caregiver or care staff, and whether these technologies support the independence of a person with a memory disorder. A comprehensive set of supportive devices and alarm systems were experimentally tested in the care of five test subjects in an assisted living facility by eight nurses, and in the care of four test subjects in a home environment by three family caregivers and one care team...
October 20, 2016: Dementia
Marie E Wang, Archana B Patel, Nellie I Hansen, Lauren Arlington, Amber Prakash, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: Possible serious bacterial infection (PBSI) is a major cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. We studied risk factors for PSBI in a large rural population in central India where facility deliveries have increased as a result of a government financial assistance program. METHODS: We studied 37,379 pregnant women and their singleton live born infants with birth weight ≥ 1.5 kg from 20 rural primary health centers around Nagpur, India, using data from the 2010-13 population-based Maternal and Newborn Health Registry supported by NICHD's Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Michael W Rich, Deborah A Chyun, Adam H Skolnick, Karen P Alexander, Daniel E Forman, Dalane W Kitzman, Mathew S Maurer, James B McClurken, Barbara M Resnick, Win K Shen, David L Tirschwell
The incidence and prevalence of most cardiovascular disorders increase with age, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and major disability in adults aged 75 and older. Despite the effect of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in older adults, individuals aged 75 and older have been markedly underrepresented in most major cardiovascular trials, and virtually all trials have excluded older adults with complex comorbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities, frailty, or residence in nursing homes and assisted living facilities...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Matthew C Nattinger, Brian Kaskie
Continued growth in the number of individuals with dementia residing in assisted living (AL) facilities raises concerns about their safety and protection. However, unlike federally regulated nursing facilities, AL facilities are state-regulated and there is a high degree of variation among policies designed to protect persons with dementia. Despite the important role these protection policies have in shaping the quality of life of persons with dementia residing in AL facilities, little is known about their formation...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Nicholas Castle, Doug Olson, Urvi Shah, Kevin Hansen
BACKGROUND: This study explores the relationship between recipients of an association-sponsored Quality Award Program and select measures of quality in U.S. nursing facilities, examined both cross-sectionally and over time. METHOD: Data used came from Quality Award Program recipients over 9 years (2003-2011) and a set of quality indicators from the Online Survey Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) database. These data were analyzed using a variety of multivariate regression techniques...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Jonathan Mensah Dapaah, Rachel Spronk
With the upscaling of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-poor countries, many HIV-positive persons in Ghana have been accessing treatment in hospitals. Prevalence is relatively low compared to other African countries, 1.30%. HIV/AIDS remains heavily stigmatised in Ghana, which influences the provision and use of ART. This article investigates how HIV-positive persons accessing care and treatment go about their everyday lives in the ART clinic and how they have eventually come to see the clinic as a safe place that they call 'home'...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Fiona E Matthews, Holly Bennett, Raphael Wittenberg, Carol Jagger, Tom Dening, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: There have been fundamental shifts in the attitude towards, access to and nature of long term care in high income countries. The proportion and profile of the older population living in such settings varies according to social, cultural, and economic characteristics as well as governmental policies. Changes in the profiles of people in different settings are important for policy makers and care providers. Although details will differ, how change occurs across time is important to all, including lower and middle income countries developing policies themselves...
2016: PloS One
Micaela M Esquivel, Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Emmanuel Makasa, Kennedy Lishimpi, Peter Mwaba, Kendra Bowman, Thomas G Weiser
Importance: Surgical care is widely unavailable in developing countries; advocates recommend that countries evaluate and report on access to surgical care to improve availability and aid health planners in decision making. Objective: To analyze the infrastructure, capacity, and availability of surgical care in Zambia to inform health policy priorities. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this observational study, all hospitals providing surgical care were identified in cooperation with the Zambian Ministry of Health...
August 31, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Yen-Ping Hsieh, Ying-Chia Huang, Shou-Jen Lan, Ching-Sung Ho
AIM: To investigate the relationships between demographic characteristics of the elderly, type of long-term care (LTC) facilities, and the reasons for moving into LTC facilities. METHODS: Research participants included people aged over 65 years, living in LTC facilities. A total of 1280 questionnaires were distributed to 111 LTC facilities in Taiwan; 480 questionnaires were retrieved, and 232 were included in the valid sample. The study used a non-linear canonical correlation analysis, which assesses the relationships among similar sets of categorical variables...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
AlemayehuSayih Belay, EndalewGemechu Sendo
BACKGROUND: In the latest report of Ethiopia Demography and Health Survey (EDHS) 2011, the Maternal Mortality Ratio was estimated at 676/100,000 live births. Most of these deaths are preventable. Increasing the proportion of women who deliver in a health facility can be an important means in reducing maternal mortality in low-income settings including Ethiopia. We aimed to identify factors determining choice of delivery place among child bearing age women. METHOD: A community based cross sectional survey was conducted in Dega Damot District from April- May, 2014...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jari Pirhonen, Ilkka Pietilä
The concept of resident-facility fit has largely been used to illustrate whether a residential care facility and a resident are together able to meet requirements set by only the hampering functional abilities of the latter. The purpose of this paper is to study how assisted living residents perceive resident-facility fit. The data were gathered ethnographically from both observations and resident interviews in a sheltered home in Finland during 2013-2014. Perceived resident-facility fit is based on several relational factors that connect to both the residents as individuals and their surroundings...
August 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
Samuel Bosomprah, Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Patrick Aboagye, Zoe Matthews
OBJECTIVE: To identify and evaluate clusters of births that occurred outside health facilities in Ghana for targeted intervention. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using a convenience sample of live births registered in Ghanaian health facilities from January 1 to December 31, 2014. Data were extracted from the district health information system. A spatial scan statistic was used to investigate clusters of home births through a discrete Poisson probability model...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Teresa Costa Castanho, Liliana Amorim, Pedro Silva Moreira, José Mariz, Joana Almeida Palha, Nuno Sousa, Nadine Correia Santos
BACKGROUND: The use of communication technologies is an emerging trend in healthcare and research. Despite efficient, reliable and accurate neuropsychological batteries to evaluate cognitive performance in-person, more diverse and less expensive and time consuming solutions are needed. Here we conducted a pilot study to determine the applicability of a videoconference (VC, Skype®) approach to assess cognitive function in older adults, using The Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified - Portuguese version (TICSM-PT)...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
Amy M Valent, Eric S Hall, Emily A DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of obesity on neonatal outcomes of pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive technology. METHODS: Population-based retrospective cohort study of all non-anomalous, live births in Ohio from 2007 to 2011, comparing differences in the frequency of adverse neonatal outcomes of women who conceived with assisted reproductive technology versus spontaneously conceived pregnancies and stratified by obesity status. Primary outcome was a composite of neonatal morbidities defined as ≥1 of the following: neonatal death, Apgar score of <7 at 5 min, assisted ventilation, neonatal intensive care unit admission, or transport to a tertiary care facility...
March 2016: Obstetric Medicine
Celeste M Greene, Jennifer Craft Morgan, LaVona S Traywick, Chivon A Mingo
BACKGROUND: Despite health benefits of physical activity (PA) and risks of physical inactivity, many older adults do not accumulate sufficient levels of PA to achieve associated health benefits. Lack of PA enjoyment may be a barrier to PA participation. Combining simulated laughter and PA for strength, balance, and flexibility is a potential solution for helping older adults maintain independence in activities of daily living through enjoyable participation in PA. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to assess whether combining simulated laughter exercises with a moderate-intensity strength, balance, and flexibility PA program (i...
August 4, 2016: Gerontologist
Gilbert Gimm, Syeda Chowdhury, Nicholas Castle
This article estimates the prevalence and identifies risk factors of resident aggression and abuse in assisted living facilities. We conducted multivariate analyses of resident-level data from an analytic sample of 6,848 older Americans in the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. Nationwide, 7.6% of assisted living residents engaged in physical aggression or abuse toward other residents or staff in the past month, 9.5% of residents had exhibited verbal aggression or abuse, and 2.0% of resident engaged in sexual aggression or abuse toward other residents or staff...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Lilian T Mselle, Thecla W Kohi
BACKGROUND: Increasing births with skilled attendants and increasing health facilities with Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) can reduce maternal mortality and are considered critical interventions for ensuring safe motherhood. Despite Tanzania's policy to support women to give birth with the assistance of skilled personnel, some women do not access this care. This article uses women's stories to illustrate the challenges that caused them to fail to access adequate obstetric care in a timely manner, hence causing the development of fistulas...
2016: Reproductive Health
Ushio Minami, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masataka Kuraoka, Takashi Koike, Erika Kobayashi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to clarify the job seeking process of the elderly people through the local employment support facility known as the Active Senior Employment Support Center (ASESC)"AKUTIBU SINIA SHUGYO SIEN SENTAA" in the Tokyo metropolitan area, and evaluate the performance as a complement to the national support systems. METHODS: We conducted 6 waves of longitudinal mail surveys over 38 weeks to 235 older job seekers (146 males and 89 females, average age 63...
2016: PloS One
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