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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214194/orthogeriatric-activity-in-a-general-hospital-of-castilla-la-mancha-spain
#1
J M Fernández-Ibáñez, M C Morales-Ballesteros, E Crespo-Romero, S Gómez-Gómez, M D Fraga-Fuentes, J Cruz-Tejado, P A Hernández-Zegarra, Á Arias-Arias, M M García-Baltasar
AIM: To describe the orthogeriatric activity in the elderly with hip fractures in the Hospital Mancha Centro, based on the recommendations of the main guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational prospective study, comprising all patients over 65 years of age admitted to the Traumatology Unit with a hip fracture between April 2015 and December 2015. Patients were admitted under the care of the Traumatology Unit with cross-consultation carried out with the Geriatrics Department, which then carried out a pre-operative geriatric assessment and the post-operative follow-ups...
February 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203305/perceptions-of-physical-activity-among-elderly-residents-and-professionals-in-assisted-living-facilities
#2
Annsofie Mahrs Träff, Elisabet Cedersund, Catharina Nord
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is often described as being important for people of all ages, but what different people mean when they talk about physical activity is unclear. METHOD: A phenomenographic method was used to analyze how 13 older people and 17 professionals answer the question, "If I say physical activity, what does the concept mean to you?" as part of semi-structured interviews conducted in four assisted living facilities in two different municipalities...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196105/adaptive-geostatistical-sampling-enables-efficient-identification-of-malaria-hotspots-in-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys-in-rural-malawi
#3
Alinune N Kabaghe, Michael G Chipeta, Robert S McCann, Kamija S Phiri, Michèle van Vugt, Willem Takken, Peter Diggle, Anja D Terlouw
INTRODUCTION: In the context of malaria elimination, interventions will need to target high burden areas to further reduce transmission. Current tools to monitor and report disease burden lack the capacity to continuously detect fine-scale spatial and temporal variations of disease distribution exhibited by malaria. These tools use random sampling techniques that are inefficient for capturing underlying heterogeneity while health facility data in resource-limited settings are inaccurate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148311/special-considerations-for-mass-violence-events-in-senior-living-facilities-a-case-report-on-the-pinelake-health-and-rehab-center-shooting
#4
Cody Martin, David Powell
The 2009 Pinelake Health and Rehab Center shooting in Carthage, North Carolina, presents a unique case study for examining the specific considerations for mass violence events in senior living facilities. A variety of factors, including reduced sensory perception, reduced mobility, and cognitive decline, may increase the vulnerability of the populations of senior living facilities during mass violence events. Management of response aspects such as evacuation, relocation, and reunification also require special consideration in the context of mass violence at senior living facilities...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141731/growth-and-documentation-deficits-where-to-start-in-helping-families
#5
Wilhelmina Hernandez, Deborah A Frank, Samantha Morton, Carmen Palacios, Marilyn Augustyn
Pedro is a 2-year 7-month-old boy who was presented for the first time after a visit to a local emergency room (ER) for diarrhea. At the time of his birth, his undocumented mother, Clara, was 20 years old, uninsured, and with limited English proficiency living approximately 400 miles south of our practice in a different state. Although she had been brought to the United States as a child, she had never finished high school. Pedro was born what mother thought was full-term at his parent's home, where a lay midwife assisted during the delivery...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139807/a-mno2-nanosheet-assisted-gsh-detection-platform-using-an-iridium-iii-complex-as-a-switch-on-luminescent-probe
#6
Zhen-Zhen Dong, Lihua Lu, Chung-Nga Ko, Chao Yang, Shengnan Li, Ming-Yuen Lee, Chung-Hang Leung, Dik-Lung Ma
A rapid and sensitive detection platform for GSH has been constructed by combining a MnO2 nanosheet with a luminescent iridium(iii) complex [Ir(Cl-phq)2(Cl-phen)](+). The MnO2 nanosheet was prepared by using a facile one-step approach and was characterized by TEM. The luminescence intensity of the detection platform responded linearly with the GSH concentration from 1 to 200 μM (R(2) = 0.9951), and the detection limit for GSH was 0.13 μM. More importantly, practical application of the detection platform for visualizing the intracellular GSH distribution in living zebrafish has also been demonstrated...
January 31, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130862/falls-risk-factors-and-fear-of-falling-among-persons-older-than-65-years-of-age
#7
Tatjana Gazibara, Ilma Kurtagic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Teodora Gazibara, Tatjana Pekmezovic
AIM: Falling represents a major public health problem among older persons because it leads to premature mortality, loss of independence, and placement in assisted-living facilities. The purpose of this study was to assess the main features and risks for falls among persons older than 65 years of age as well as to quantify their fear of falling. METHODS: A total of 354 persons older than 65 years of age were recruited at a community health centre. Characteristics of the most recent fall were obtained through detailed interviews with study participants...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121999/characteristics-and-circumstances-of-u-s-women-who-obtain-very-early-and-second-trimester-abortions
#8
Rachel K Jones, Jenna Jerman
OBJECTIVE: To determine which characteristics and circumstances were associated with very early and second-trimester abortion. METHODS: Paper and pencil surveys were collected from a national sample of 8,380 non-hospital U.S. abortion patients in 2014 and 2015. We used self-reported LMP to calculate weeks gestation; when LMP was not provided we used self-reported weeks pregnant. We constructed two dependent variables: obtaining a very early abortion, defined as six weeks gestation or earlier, and obtaining second-trimester abortion, defined as occurring at 13 weeks gestation or later...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120633/feasibility-and-impact-of-high-intensity-walking-training-in-frail-older-adults
#9
Margaret Danilovich, David Conroy, T George Hornby
To investigate the impact of high intensity walking training (HIWT) on pre-frail and frail older adults, five assisted living residents underwent a supervised 12-session intervention. The intervention consisted of 30 minutes of HIWT at 70-80% of heart rate reserve or ratings of 15 to 17 (hard to very hard) on the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion scale. Training included walking at fast speeds, multi-directions, stairs, and outdoor surfaces with and without an assistive device. Training significantly reduced frailty using the SHARE-FI (p=0...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077203/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-older-adults-systematic-review-of-efforts-to-reduce-occurrence-and-improve-outcomes
#10
Leisa L Marshall, Samuel Peasah, Gregg A Stevens
OBJECTIVE: Provide a systematic review of the primary literature on efforts to reduce Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) occurrence and improve outcomes in older adults. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, DATA EXTRACTION: PubMed and CINAHL databases were searched for research studies using search terms CDI, CDI prevention, reduction, control, management, geriatric, elderly, adults 65 years of age and older. The MeSH categories Aged and Aged, 80 and older, were used...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074672/a-power-assisted-exercise-intervention-in-people-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities-living-in-a-residential-facility-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Leontien Wm Bossink, Annette Aj van der Putten, Aly Waninge, Carla Vlaskamp
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a twenty-week power-assisted exercise intervention in people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities and to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of this intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A large-scale twenty-four-hour residential facility in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Thirty-seven persons with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063685/dental-care-practices-and-oral-health-training-for-professional-caregivers-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-address-oral-health-disparities
#12
Richie Kohli, Sandra Nelson, Samantha Ulrich, Tony Finch, Karen Hall, Eli Schwarz
The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess and analyze the knowledge and attitudes of caregivers towards dental care for older adults in long-term care facilities; and 2) Train administrators, medical staff, and caregivers in the oral health competencies necessary to provide daily oral health care for residents of Assisted Living Communities in Oregon. Our results indicate that although the majority of caregivers felt comfortable with regard to their oral health background and daily activities, they expressed a need for additional training in several areas...
January 4, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048175/su-f-p-04-implementation-of-dose-monitoring-software-successes-and-pitfalls
#13
J Och
PURPOSE: to successfully install a dose monitoring software (DMS) application to assist in CT protocol and dose management. METHODS: Upon selecting the DMS, we began our implementation of the application. A working group composed of Medical Physics, Radiology Administration, Information Technology, and CT technologists was formed. On-site training in the application was supplied by the vendor. The decision was made to apply the process for all the CT protocols on all platforms at all facilities...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046816/su-f-p-24-radiological-disperse-device
#14
R Alam
PURPOSE: We are now living in a society of constant fear of terrorism. This topic is pertaining to give a general knowledge of what is a radiological dispersion device or RDD and in case of its detonation, what are the options open to public for a safe action in terms of reducing the exposure and knowing the proper steps. These RDD are also called dirty bombs. METHODS: Compared to nuclear weapons, dirty bombs are easy to make. In order for a terrorist organization to construct and detonate a dirty bomb, it must acquire radioactive material by stealing it or buying it through legal or illegal channels...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031300/referral-systems-to-integrate-health-and-economic-strengthening-services-for-people-with-hiv-a-qualitative-assessment-in-malawi
#15
Clinton Sears, Zach Andersson, Meredith Cann
BACKGROUND: Supporting the diverse needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can help reduce the individual and structural barriers they face in adhering to antiretroviral treatment (ART). The Livelihoods and Food Security Technical Assistance II (LIFT) project sought to improve adherence in Malawi by establishing 2 referral systems linking community-based economic strengthening and livelihoods services to clinical health facilities. One referral system in Balaka district, started in October 2013, connected clients to more than 20 types of services while the other simplified approach in Kasungu and Lilongwe districts, started in July 2014, connected PLHIV attending HIV and nutrition support facilities directly to community savings groups...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#16
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999847/tube-feeding-among-elder-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
S-H Lan, L-C Lu, Y-Y Yen, Y-P Hsieh, J-C Chen, W J Wu, S-J Lan, L-Y Lin
OBJECTIVE: The use of tube feeding for elderly patients with poor nutritional intake is a ubiquitous method of feeding. This systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to compare nutritional benefits of enteral feeding versus oral feeding in long-term care facilities. SETTING: Databases including the Cochrane Library, ProQuest, PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science and Google Scholar through April 2014 using keywords including enteral feeding, tube feeding or oral feeding combined with long term care facilities or nursing home...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998752/drug-resistant-tb-uk-multicentre-study-drums-treatment-management-and-outcomes-in-london-and-west-midlands-2008-2014
#18
Amber Arnold, Graham S Cooke, Onn Min Kon, Martin Dedicoat, Marc Lipman, Angela Loyse, Philip D Butcher, Irina Chis Ster, Thomas Stephen Harrison
OBJECTIVES: Detailed information regarding treatment practices and outcomes of MDR-TB treatment in the UK is required as a baseline for care improvements. METHODS: 100 consecutive cases between 2008 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively at 4 MDR-TB treatment centres in England to obtain information on drug treatment choices, hospital admission duration and outcomes for MDR-TB. RESULTS: Initial hospital admission was long, median 62.5 (IQR 20-106, n = 92) days, and 13% (12/92) of patients lost their home during this period...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982744/factors-that-influence-physical-activity-among-residents-in-assisted-living
#19
Sarah D Holmes, Elizabeth Galik, Barbara Resnick
Physical activity is important for health, well-being, and life satisfaction of older adults. However, little is known about how the environment influences physical activity among residents in assisted living. The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence physical activity among residents in assisted living. This was a secondary data analysis using baseline data from an intervention study testing the impact of function focused care in assisted living. A total of 171 residents from four assisted living facilities were included...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969052/a-comparison-study-between-two-discharge-planning-tools
#20
Jui-Hui Tseng, Huey-Shyan Lin, Shu-Ming Chen, Ching-Huey Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the effectiveness between a systematic assessment tool and a traditional assessment tool for discharge planning. METHODS: This research adopted a two-group comparison study design, and convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients requiring discharge-planning services at eight wards in a regional teaching hospital in Southern Taiwan. The postdischarge care requirements of two groups of patients were evaluated using a traditional assessment tool and a systematic assessment tool in different implementation periods, respectively...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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