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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910117/experience-of-child-parent-separation-and-later-risk-of-violent-criminality
#1
Pearl L H Mok, Aske Astrup, Matthew J Carr, Sussie Antonsen, Roger T Webb, Carsten B Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Separation from a parent during childhood has been linked with heightened longer-term violence risk, but it remains unclear how this relationship varies by gender, separation subgroup, and age at separation. This phenomenon was investigated by examining a wide array of child-parent separation scenarios. METHODS: National cohort study including individuals born in Denmark, 1971-1997 (N=1,346,772). Child-parent separation status was ascertained each year from birth to 15th birthday, using residential addresses from the Danish register...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907914/asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-record-forced-global-displacement-the-role-of-physicians
#2
Katherine C McKenzie, Jon Bauer, P Preston Reynolds
In 2016, over 65 million individuals were displaced from their homes due to human rights abuses, and 262,000 people applied for asylum in the USA. Individuals who have experienced persecution are present in many primary and specialty clinics. A medical forensic evaluation can increase the likelihood of a successful asylum case. This paper reviews the legal framework for asylum and the contribution forensic evaluations can make to this vulnerable population. Physicians without asylum expertise can help these patients by recognizing their legal right to residential protection and referring them to lawyers and physicians with expert skills...
June 15, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898522/trace-organic-contaminant-torc-mixtures-in-minnesota-littoral-zones-effects-of-on-site-wastewater-treatment-system-owts-proximity-and-biological-impact
#3
Meaghan E Guyader, Les D Warren, Emily Green, Riley Bertram, Andrew P Proudian, Richard L Kiesling, Heiko L Schoenfuss, Christopher P Higgins
On-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTSs) are an international wastewater management strategy for rural and semi-rural communities without access to centralized sewage treatment. These systems are a suspected source of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) that may be responsible for endocrine disrupting effects to resident fish species in Minnesota Lakes. This study assessed localized porewater concentrations of TOrCs in near-shore environments across five Minnesota Lakes. Sampling sites were designated as either likely (HOME) or unlikely (REF) to receive OWTS discharges based on their proximity to shoreline households...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895053/-prescription-of-psychotropic-drugs-with-potentially-restraining-effect-an-analysis-of-care-need-assessment-data-by-mdk-bayern
#4
Nadja Ezzat, Peter Müller-Barna, Cornelia Krüger, Ottilie Randzio
OBJECTIVE: Physical restraints in home care and residential care settings in the form of restraining devices have been reduced in the last years. Now psychotropic drugs with sedating and thus potentially restraining effect are of increasing interest. The objective of this study was to describe prescription of psychotropic drugs for insurants in need of care and factors influencing such prescription. METHODS: On the "Annual Word Elder Abuse Awareness Day", the Medical Service of the Statutory Health Insurance undertook a reference day analysis...
June 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889621/unlicensed-care-homes-in-the-united-states-a-clandestine-sector-of-long-term-care
#5
Michael Lepore, Angela M Greene, Kristie Porter, Linda Lux, Emily Vreeland, Catherine Hawes
Residential care facilities operating without a state license are known to house vulnerable adults. Such unlicensed care homes (UCHs) commonly operate illegally, making them difficult to investigate. We conducted an exploratory, multimethod qualitative study of UCHs, including 18 subject matter expert interviews and site visits to three states, including a total of 30 stakeholder interviews, to understand UCH operations, services provided, and residents served. Findings indicate that various vulnerable groups reside in UCHs; some UCHs offer unsafe living environments; and some residents are reportedly abused, neglected, and financially exploited...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883874/radon-and-lung-cancer-what-does-the-public-really-know
#6
REVIEW
Nancy Vogeltanz-Holm, Gary G Schwartz
Radon causes approximately 21,000 deaths annually from lung cancer, making it the second most important cause of lung cancer after smoking. However, the extent of public knowledge about radon is unclear. We systematically reviewed the epidemiologic literature in order to assay the public's understanding about radon and specifically, whether radon is known to cause lung cancer. Radon knowledge has most often been gauged via telephone and in-person responses to the question, "Have you heard about radon?" Our review of 20 such studies reveals that although many individuals have "heard about" radon, many segments of the population, particularly individuals younger than thirty and those with less education, do not know what radon is...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883368/in-home-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-urban-children-with-asthma-contrasting-households-with-and-without-residential-smokers
#7
Tianshi David Wu, Michelle N Eakin, Cynthia S Rand, Emily P Brigham, Gregory B Diette, Nadia N Hansel, Meredith C McCormack
CONTEXT: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) affects up to half of all children in the United States. Many studies have identified factors associated with in-home SHSe, but few have contrasted these factors between households with and without residential smokers. In the latter case, exposure occurs from only external sources that enter the home, such as visitors or environmental incursion. OBJECTIVE: Among children with SHSe at home, to examine demographic and psychosocial differences between households with and without residential smokers...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880319/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-problem-behaviours-among-older-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-ireland
#8
Claire O'Dwyer, Philip McCallion, Éilish Burke, Rachael Carroll, Máire O'Dwyer, Mary McCarron
A growing number of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are reaching old age, however, little is known about epidemiology of problem behaviours (PBs) in this population. The aim was to identify the prevalence and associated factors of PBs among older adults with ID in Ireland. Data was generated from Wave 2 of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA), a nationally representative sample of adults with ID aged ≥40. Data on PBs was available for 683 (98...
June 5, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880156/availability-use-of-and-satisfaction-with-green-space-and-children-s-mental-wellbeing-at-age-4-years-in-a-multicultural-deprived-urban-area-results-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort-study
#9
Rosemary R C McEachan, Tiffany C Yang, Hannah Roberts, Kate E Pickett, Diana Arseneau-Powell, Christopher J Gidlow, John Wright, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the quantity or quality of green space is more important for mental wellbeing. We aimed to explore associations between availability of, satisfaction with, and use of green space and mental wellbeing among children aged 4 years in a multi-ethnic sample. METHODS: We did a 4-year follow-up assessment of participants in the Born in Bradford longitudinal cohort study, which recruited children and mothers at the city's main maternity unit from 2007 to 2011...
June 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873713/validation-in-spanish-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-survey-to-assess-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-over-65-years-of-age
#10
Belén Muñoz Díaz, Guillermo Molina-Recio, Manuel Romero-Saldaña, Juana Redondo Sánchez, Cristina Aguado Taberné, Carmen Arias Blanco, Rafael Molina-Luque, Jorge Martínez De La Iglesia
Aim: To validate the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in a Spanish population over 65 years of age with varying degrees of independence. Design: This cross-sectional validation study used the Chang nutritional assessment method as a reference test. Participants: 248 subjects (75.4% female), with a mean age of 83, completed the study. They were classified into three groups: (i) autonomous patients who were able to take part in activities outside their home; (ii) patients who require help with daily self-care; (iii) patients living in a residential health care facility...
June 5, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873423/failing-to-meet-the-needs-of-generations-of-care-home-residents-with-diabetes-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-call-for-action
#11
A J Sinclair, R Gadsby, A H Abdelhafiz, M Kennedy
In residential care homes and aged-care facilities globally, between one in three and one in four residents may have diabetes, an often complex highly co-morbid illness that leads to frailty, dependency, disability and reduced life expectancy. Residents with diabetes also have a high risk of hypoglycaemia, avoidable hospital admissions, and represent one of the most difficult challenges to health professionals and care staff in optimizing their diabetes and medical care. This detailed review examines the literature relating to care home diabetes over the last 25 years to assess what has been achieved in characterizing residents with diabetes, and what we know about the various but limited intervention studies that have been carried out internationally...
June 6, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872983/pesticides-in-indoor-and-outdoor-residential-dust-a-pilot-study-in-a-rural-county-of-taiwan
#12
Chien-Che Hung, Feng-Jung Huang, Ya-Qing Yang, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Chun-Chieh Tseng, Lih-Ming Yiin
We conducted a pilot study to examine pesticides in dust of homes in a rural county of Taiwan. A total of 56 homes of pregnant women were included in the study. Indoor and outdoor dust was collected by a vacuum sampler and a dustpan/brush set, respectively. Nine pesticides were selected for analysis on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the detection limits being 0.088 ng/g or lower. The most detected pesticides were cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos, which appeared in 82.7 and 78.8% of indoor samples and 48...
June 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872919/-parkinson-s-disease-alzheimer-s-disease-and-oncological-diseases-in-residential-geriatric-care-pain-frequency-and-selected-healthcare-features-in-comparison
#13
REVIEW
P Kutschar, K Lex, J Osterbrink, S Lorenzl
BACKGROUND: Adequate pain management and palliative care structures are of significant importance in residential nursing homes. Whilst professional pain treatment and palliative care measures are frequently implemented for residents with oncological diseases, this is often not the case for residents with neurological disorders. Such a potential undertreatment is even more challenging when the means of interaction and communication with affected persons are aggravated by impairments in cognitive function...
June 5, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866734/greenness-and-job-related-chronic-stress-in-young-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-germany
#14
Ronald Herrera, Iana Markevych, Ursula Berger, Jon Genuneit, Jessica Gerlich, Dennis Nowak, Wolff Schlotz, Christian Vogelberg, Erika von Mutius, Gudrun Weinmayr, Doris Windstetter, Matthias Weigl, Joachim Heinrich, Katja Radon
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study the association between normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) as a measure of greenness around homes and occupational stress. SETTING: A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden cities was followed from age 16-18 years to age 20-23 years (n=1632). PARTICIPANTS: At baseline, all participants attended high-school while at follow-up some had started working and others studying at university...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866732/experiences-of-older-people-dying-in-nursing-homes-a-narrative-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#15
Nan Greenwood, Emma Menzies-Gow, David Nilsson, Dawn Aubrey, Claire L Emery, Angela Richardson
OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesise qualitative research from 2001 investigating older people's (65+ years) experiences of dying in nursing and care homes. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: Eight electronic databases (AMED, ASSIA, CINAHL Plus, Embase, HMIC, Medline, PsychINFO and Scopus) from 2001 to July 2017 were searched. Studies were included if they were qualitative, primary research and described the experiences of dying in nursing or care homes from the perspectives of the older people themselves, their families or staff...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866383/multidimensional-family-therapy-as-a-community-based-alternative-to-residential-treatment-for-adolescents-with-substance-use-and-co-occurring-mental-health-disorders
#16
Howard A Liddle, Gayle A Dakof, Cynthia L Rowe, Craig Henderson, Paul Greenbaum, Wei Wang, Linda Alberga
This randomized clinical trial (RCT) compared Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT) with residential treatment (RT) for adolescents with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders on substance use, delinquency, and mental health symptoms. Using an intent-to-treat design, 113 adolescents who had been referred for residential treatment were randomly assigned to either RT or MDFT in the home/community. The sample was primarily male (75%) and Hispanic (68%) with an average age of 15.4 years. Seventy-one percent of youth had at least one previous residential treatment placement...
July 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864127/high-incidence-of-leptospirosis-in-an-observational-study-of-hospital-outpatients-in-vanuatu-highlights-the-need-for-improved-awareness-and-diagnostic-capacities
#17
Junior George Pakoa, Marie-Estelle Soupé-Gilbert, Dominique Girault, Dexter Takau, Justina Gaviga, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Arnaud Tarantola, Cyrille Goarant
BACKGROUND: Estimates of leptospirosis morbidity identified Oceania as the region with highest burden. Besides Australia and New Zealand, Oceania is home of Pacific Island Countries and Territories, most of which are developing countries facing a number of challenges. Their archipelago geography notably affects health infrastructure and access to healthcare. Although human leptospirosis was formerly identified in Vanuatu, there is a lack of knowledge of this disease in the country. We aimed to identify leptospirosis in outpatients visiting the hospital...
June 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859047/patient-and-treatment-characteristics-associated-with-patient-activation-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Liesbet Van Bulck, Kathleen Claes, Katrien Dierickx, Annelies Hellemans, Sofie Jamar, Sven Smets, Gijs Van Pottelbergh
BACKGROUND: Patient activation is associated with better outcomes and lower costs. Although the concept is widely investigated, little attention was given to patient activation and its predictors in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Hence, we aimed to investigate the level of patient activation and aimed to determine patient- and treatment-related predictors of activation in patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study recruited patients undergoing hemodialysis in three Flemish hospitals...
June 1, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852053/transitions-to-long-term-and-residential-care-among-older-canadians
#19
Rochelle Garner, Peter Tanuseputro, Douglas G Manuel, Claudia Sanmartin
BACKGROUND: The aging of the Canadian population has increased attention on the future need for nursing home beds. Although current projections rely primarily on age and sex, other factors also contribute to the need for long-term care. This study seeks to identify additional factors to age and sex that contribute to Canadians transitioning from living at home to living in a seniors' residence or nursing home. DATA AND METHODS: As part of a larger record linkage project, three cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) were linked to the 2011 Census of Population: Cycle 3...
May 16, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851609/living-in-areas-with-different-levels-of-earthquake-damage-and-association-with-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-cohort-linkage-study
#20
Andrea M Teng, Tony Blakely, Vivienne Ivory, Simon Kingham, Vicky Cameron
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease rates are known to increase immediately after a severe earthquake. However, less is known about the magnitude of this increase over time in relation to the amount of housing damage. We assessed the effect of area housing damage from a major earthquake sequence in Christchurch, Canterbury province, New Zealand, on cardiovascular disease-related hospital admissions and deaths. METHODS: For this cohort-linkage study, we used linked administrative datasets from the Statistics New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure to identify individuals aged 45 years or older living in Christchurch from the date of the first earthquake on Sept 4, 2010...
September 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
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