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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635539/an-old-challenge-with-new-promises-a-systematic-review-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-long-term-care-facilities
#1
Francesco Panza, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Madia Lozupone, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Francesca D'Urso, Roberta Stallone, Vittorio Dibello, Alessia Noia, Cristina Di Dio, Antonio Daniele, Antonello Bellomo, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Logroscino
Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional and multidisciplinary diagnostic process focused on determining the clinical profile, pathological risk, residual skills, short- and long-term prognosis, and the personalized therapeutic and care plan of the functionally compromised and frail older subjects. Previous evidence suggested that the effectiveness of CGA programs may be influenced by the settings where the CGA is performed [i.e., hospital, post-hospital discharge/ long-term care facilities (LTCF), or community/home] as well as the specific clinical conditions of older frail individuals...
June 21, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631116/environmental-factors-and-zoonotic-pathogen-ecology-in-urban-exploiter-species
#2
REVIEW
Jamie L Rothenburger, Chelsea H Himsworth, Nicole M Nemeth, David L Pearl, Claire M Jardine
Knowledge of pathogen ecology, including the impacts of environmental factors on pathogen and host dynamics, is essential for determining the risk that zoonotic pathogens pose to people. This review synthesizes the scientific literature on environmental factors that influence the ecology and epidemiology of zoonotic microparasites (bacteria, viruses and protozoa) in globally invasive urban exploiter wildlife species (i.e., rock doves [Columba livia domestica], European starlings [Sturnus vulgaris], house sparrows [Passer domesticus], Norway rats [Rattus norvegicus], black rats [R...
June 19, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626242/work-related-change-in-residential-elderly-care-trust-space-and-connectedness
#3
Wieke E van der Borg, Petra Verdonk, Linda Dauwerse, Tineke A Abma
Increasing care needs and a declining workforce put pressure on the quality and continuity of long-term elderly care. The need to attract and retain a solid workforce is increasingly acknowledged. This study reports about a change initiative that aimed to improve the quality of care and working life in residential elderly care. The research focus is on understanding the process of workforce change and development, by retrospectively exploring the experiences of care professionals. A responsive evaluation was conducted at a nursing home department in the Netherlands one year after participating in the change program...
July 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#4
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618896/managing-risk-during-care-transitions-when-approaching-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-health-care-professionals-decision-making
#5
Maureen A Coombs, Roses Parker, Kay de Vries
BACKGROUND: Increasing importance is being placed on the coordination of services at the end of life. AIM: To describe decision-making processes that influence transitions in care when approaching the end of life. DESIGN: Qualitative study using field observations and longitudinal semi-structured interviews. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Field observations were undertaken in three sites: a residential care home, a medical assessment unit and a general medical unit in New Zealand...
July 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618321/the-crucial-role-of-the-micro-caregiving-environment-factors-associated-with-attachment-styles-in-alternative-care-in-chile
#6
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis
The distribution of attachment styles has been shown to differ between groups of children living with their parents and children placed in alternative care (AC), defined as residential or foster. However, this is the first study in Latin America to explore possible factors affecting the quality of attachment in children living in both residential and foster care. Two groups of children (N=57) were compared: one group living in Residential Homes (RC) and the other in Foster Care (FC) in Chile. Children's, caregivers' and structural factors (e...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#7
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610431/palliative-care-experience-in-the-last-3-months-of-life-a-quantitative-comparison-of-care-provided-in-residential-hospices-hospitals-and-the-home-from-the-perspectives-of-bereaved-caregivers
#8
Daryl Bainbridge, Hsien Seow
OBJECTIVE: This study captured the end-of-life care experiences across various settings from bereaved caregivers of individuals who died in residential hospice. METHODS: A retrospective, observational design using the CaregiverVoice survey with bereaved caregivers of patients in 22 hospices in Ontario, Canada. The survey assessed various dimensions of the patient's care experiences across multiple care settings in the last 3 months of life. RESULTS: A total of 1153 caregivers responded to the survey (44% response rate)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609694/relationship-between-out-of-home-care-placement-history-characteristics-and-educational-achievement-a-population-level-linked-data-study
#9
Miriam J Maclean, Catherine L Taylor, Melissa O'Donnell
Studies generally show children who have entered out-of-home care have worse educational outcomes than the general population, although recent research suggests maltreatment and other adversities are major contributing factors. Children's out-of-home care experiences vary and may affect their outcomes. This study examined the influence of placement stability, reunification, type of care, time in care and age at entry to care on children's educational outcomes. We conducted a population-based record-linkage study of children born in Western Australia between 1990 and 2010 who sat State or national Year 3 reading achievement tests (N=235,045 children, including 2160 children with a history of out-of-home care)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607643/retirement-homes-social-participation-and-quality-of-life
#10
Elham Amiri, Farzad Faraji Khiavi, Hossine Dargahi, Esmat Dastjerd
INTRODUCTION: Social participation is considered as a means of improving one's quality of life, thus the study aimed at assessing the association between the quality of life and social participation in the elderly. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. The study population was selected from among the residents of a retirement home (an elderly residential home) in one of the Northwestern provinces of Iran, and the required data was collected via three questionnaires related to the demographic data, the specific quality of life for the elderly (LEIPAD), and the extent of social participation...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603591/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-octogenarians-presenting-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-the-australian-population
#11
Wei Liang Sim, Vivek Mutha, Muhammad Asrar Ul-Haq, Victoria Sasongko, William Van-Gaal
AIM: To investigate the characteristics and outcomes of octogenarians who presented with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to non-octogenarians and to investigate the outcomes of octogenarians that received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to those managed conservatively. METHODS: We performed a single center retrospective case controlled study. All octogenarians who presented with STEMI to a tertiary referring hospital between 2007 and 2012 were included...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598475/improving-present-day-and-future-estimates-of-anthropogenic-sectoral-emissions-and-the-resulting-air-quality-impacts-in-africa
#12
Forrest G Lacey, Eloise A Marais, Daven K Henze, Colin J Lee, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin, Michael P Hannigan, Christine Wiedinmyer
The African continent is undergoing immense social and economic change, particularly regarding population growth and urbanization, where the urban population in Africa is anticipated to increase by a factor of 3 over the next 40 years. To understand the potential health impacts from this demographical shift and design efficient emission mitigation strategies, we used improved Africa-specific emissions that account for inefficient combustion sources for a number of sectors such as transportation, household energy generation, waste burning, and home heating and cooking...
June 9, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598394/recognizing-bedside-events-using-thermal-and-ultrasonic-readings
#13
Danielsen Asbjørn, Torresen Jim
Falls in homes of the elderly, in residential care facilities and in hospitals commonly occur in close proximity to the bed. Most approaches for recognizing falls use cameras, which challenge privacy, or sensor devices attached to the bed or the body to recognize bedside events and bedside falls. We use data collected from a ceiling mounted 80 × 60 thermal array combined with an ultrasonic sensor device. This approach makes it possible to monitor activity while preserving privacy in a non-intrusive manner...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595043/the-association-between-the-incidence-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-and-concentrations-at-street-level-of-nitrogen-dioxide-and-ultrafine-particles
#14
Mark S Goldberg, France Labrèche, Scott Weichenthal, Eric Lavigne, Marie-France Valois, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Keith Van Ryswyk, Maryam Shekarrizfard, Paul J Villeneuve, Daniel Crouse, Marie-Élise Parent
BACKGROUND: There is scant information as to whether traffic-related air pollution is associated with the incidence of breast cancer. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ultrafine particles (UFPs, <0.1µm), are two pollutants that capture intra-urban variations in traffic-related air pollution and may also be associated with incidence. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, case-control study of street-level concentrations of NO2 and UFPs and incident postmenopausal breast cancer in Montreal, Canada...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593123/socio-demographic-predictors-of-residential-fire-and-unwillingness-to-call-the-fire-service-in-new-south-wales
#15
W Kathy Tannous, Kingsley Agho
In most industrialised countries, the majority of fire-related deaths and injuries occur in the home. Australia has implemented fire prevention programs and strategies, including the use of smoke alarms, to minimise this burden. The number of reported house fires has declined over the past decade. However, there is a growing recognition that unreported fires are important in the estimation of total fire hazards and their associated injuries. This current study used data from the 2014 New South Wales (NSW) Population Health Survey, a yearly telephone survey, consisting of 14,732 survey respondents...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589806/mobility-care
#16
Rose Gallacher
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? I read the article because it was relevant to my practice as a nurse on a surgical unit, where many of the patients are older people. I wanted to improve my understanding of what an integrated approach to mobility care for older people might entail. The article stated that although this approach is aimed at older people living in nursing homes or residential care who require assistance with mobilising, it could also be applied to other care settings...
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587134/measuring-blue-space-visibility-and-blue-recreation-in-the-everyday-lives-of-children-in-a-capital-city
#17
Amber L Pearson, Ross Bottomley, Tim Chambers, Lukar Thornton, James Stanley, Moira Smith, Michelle Barr, Louise Signal
Blue spaces (water bodies) may promote positive mental and physical health through opportunities for relaxation, recreation, and social connections. However, we know little about the nature and extent of everyday exposure to blue spaces, particularly in settings outside the home or among children, nor whether exposure varies by individual or household characteristics. Wearable cameras offer a novel, reliable method for blue space exposure measurement. In this study, we used images from cameras worn over two days by 166 children in Wellington, New Zealand, and conducted content and blue space quantification analysis on each image (n = 749,389)...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583817/wood-stove-pollution-in-the-developed-world-a-case-to-raise-awareness-among-pediatricians
#18
Lisa B Rokoff, Petros Koutrakis, Eric Garshick, Margaret R Karagas, Emily Oken, Diane R Gold, Abby F Fleisch
Use of wood for residential heating is regaining popularity in developed countries. Currently, over 11 million US homes are heated with a wood stove. Although wood stoves reduce heating costs, wood smoke may adversely impact child health through the emission of gaseous and particulate air pollutants. Our purpose is to raise awareness of this environmental health issue among pediatricians. To summarize the state of the science, we performed a narrative review of articles published in PubMed and Web of Science...
June 2, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583122/decision-making-experiences-of-family-members-of-older-adults-with-moderate-dementia-towards-community-and-residential-care-home-services-a-grounded-theory-study-protocol
#19
Lisa Pau Le Low, Lai Wah Lam, Kim Pong Fan
BACKGROUND: Caring and supporting older people with dementia have become a major public health priority. Recent reports have also revealed a diminishing number of family carers to provide dementia care in the future. Carers who are engaged in the caring role are known to bear significant psychological, practical and economic challenges as the disease advances over time. Seemingly, evidence indicates that the burden of care can be relieved by formal services. This study aims to explore decision-making experiences of family members of older adults with moderate dementia towards the use of community support (CS) and residential care home (RCH) services...
June 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583006/perceived-effects-of-home-renovation-on-independence-of-physically-disabled-koreans-living-at-home
#20
Yeunsook Lee, Jiyoung Park, Miseon Jang
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify the potential effects of home renovation on independence promotion of physically disabled Koreans living at home. METHOD: The method of the study is a survey with a questionnaire; subjects are physically disabled people living at home in rural and urban areas in Korea. The Functional Independence Measure was used to measure changes in subjects' levels of independence. RESULTS: It was expected that if homes were renovated according to individual needs, disabled people's independence level would be increased by one or more level compared to their current daily independence level in their existing homes...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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