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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683219/response-of-consumer-and-research-grade-indoor-air-quality-monitors-to-residential-sources-of-fine-particles
#1
Brett C Singer, William W Delp
The ability to inexpensively monitor PM2.5 to identify sources and enable controls would advance residential indoor air quality (IAQ) management. Consumer IAQ monitors incorporating low-cost optical particle sensors and connections with smart home platforms could provide this service if they reliably detect PM2.5 in homes. In this study, particles from typical residential sources were generated in a 120 m3 laboratory and time-concentration profiles were measured with seven consumer monitors (2-3 units each), two research monitors (Thermo pDR-1500, MetOne BT-645), a Grimm Mini Wide-Range Aerosol Spectrometer (GRM), and a Tapered Element Oscillating Microbalance with Filter Dynamic Measurement System (FDMS), a federal equivalent method (FEM) for PM2...
April 23, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#2
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#3
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679459/exploring-the-meaning-of-home-and-its-implications-for-the-care-of-older-people
#4
Michele Board, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the meaning of home for six baby boomers and consider how this insight can be used when caring for older people in hospital or residential settings. BACKGROUND: Feeling at home is important to help retain a sense of autonomy, security and well-being, but home is a complex concept to understand. The baby boomers are a large cohort entering later life and understanding their sense of home is not only an example of anticipatory gerontology but it could also provide the tools to explore home with the current older population, who may be in a variety of care settings...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677578/tobacco-outlet-density-and-tobacco-knowledge-beliefs-purchasing-behaviours-and-price-among-adolescents-in-scotland
#5
Helena Tunstall, Niamh K Shortt, Claire L Niedzwiedz, Elizabeth A Richardson, Richard J Mitchell, Jamie R Pearce
Despite long-term falls in global adult smoking prevalence and over 50 years of tobacco control policies, adolescent smoking persists. Research suggests greater densities of tobacco retail outlets in residential neighbourhoods are associated with higher adolescent smoking rates. Policies to reduce retail outlets have therefore been identified by public health researchers as a potential 'new frontier' in tobacco control. Better understanding of the pathways linking density of tobacco retailers and smoking behaviour could support these policies...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676625/exposomics-based-analysis-of-environmental-factors-associated-with-forced-expiratory-volume-in-1-second-at-6-months-post-lung-transplantation
#6
Michelle L North, Musawir Ahmed, Sepehr Salehi, Kavindi Jayasinghe, Manisha Tilak, Joyce Wu, Cheol-Heon Jeong, Greg J Evans, Chung-Wai Chow
RATIONALE: Chronic lung allograft dysfunction is the biggest impediment to long-term survival after lung transplantation. Studies have shown an increased risk for chronic lung allograft dysfunction in patients exposed to traffic-related air pollution, using residential distance to roadways and outdoor pollution. OBJECTIVES: Personal monitoring and the indoor environment post-lung transplantation have not been investigated. The exposome is a novel conceptual framework that allows for concurrent examination of multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including environmental exposures, as well as changes in exposures over time, to elucidate the complex environmental factors that affect health outcomes...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676243/the-funding-of-long-term-care-in-canada-what-do-we-know-what-should-we-know
#7
Michel Grignon, Byron G Spencer
ABSTRACTLong-term care is a growing component of health care spending but how much is spent or who bears the cost is uncertain, and the measures vary depending on the source used. We drew on regularly published series and ad hoc publications to compile preferred estimates of the share of long-term care spending in total health care spending, the private share of long-term care spending, and the share of residential care within long-term care. For each series, we compared estimates obtainable from published sources (CIHI [Canadian Institute for Health Information] and OECD [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development]) with our preferred estimates...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669512/a-systematic-review-of-transmission-dynamic-studies-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-non-hospital-residential-facilities
#8
Kin On Kwok, Jonathan M Read, Arthur Tang, Hong Chen, Steven Riley, Kai Man Kam
BACKGROUND: Non-hospital residential facilities are important reservoirs for MRSA transmission. However, conclusions and public health implications drawn from the many mathematical models depicting nosocomial MRSA transmission may not be applicable to these settings. Therefore, we reviewed the MRSA transmission dynamics studies in defined non-hospital residential facilities to: (1) provide an overview of basic epidemiology which has been addressed; (2) identify future research direction; and (3) improve future model implementation...
April 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668737/evicted-children-and-subsequent-placement-in-out-of-home-care-a-cohort-study
#9
Lisa Berg, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals' health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667399/emissions-of-tetrachlorobiphenyls-pcbs-47-51-and-68-from-polymer-resin-on-kitchen-cabinets-as-a-non-aroclor-source-to-residential-air
#10
Nicholas J Herkert, Jacob C Jahnke, Keri C Hornbuckle
Both Aroclor and non-Aroclor sources of airborne polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were found in residential homes. We deployed passive air samplers at 16 residences and found PCB-47, PCB-51, and PCB-68 to account for up to 50% of measured indoor ΣPCBs (2700 pg m-3 ). Although PCB-47 and PCB-51 are neurotoxins present in Aroclor mixtures (<2.5 and <0.3 wt %, respectively), we found them at much higher levels than expected for any Aroclor source. PCB-68 is not present in Aroclor mixtures. Another non-Aroclor congener, PCB-11, a byproduct of pigment manufacturing, was found inside and outside of every household and was frequently the predominate congener...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660576/built-spaces-and-features-associated-with-user-satisfaction-in-maternity-waiting-homes-in-malawi
#11
Nathalie McIntosh, Patricia Gruits, Eva Oppel, Amie Shao
OBJECTIVE: To assess satisfaction with maternity waiting home built spaces and features in women who are at risk for underutilizing maternity waiting homes (i.e. residential facilities that temporarily house near-term pregnant mothers close to healthcare facilities that provide obstetrical care). Specifically we wanted to answer the questions: (1) Are built spaces and features associated with maternity waiting home user satisfaction? (2) Can built spaces and features designed to improve hygiene, comfort, privacy and function improve maternity waiting home user satisfaction? And (3) Which built spaces and features are most important for maternity waiting home user satisfaction? DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing satisfaction with standard and non-standard maternity waiting home designs...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658108/maternal-residential-pesticide-use-and-risk-of-childhood-leukemia-in-costa-rica
#12
Carly Hyland, Robert B Gunier, Catherine Metayer, Michael N Bates, Catharina Wesseling, Ana M Mora
Evidence suggests that early-life exposure to pesticides inside the home may be associated with childhood leukemia, however data from Latin American countries are limited. We examined whether self-reported maternal residential pesticide use and nearby pesticide applications-before and after child's birth-were associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Costa Rican Childhood Leukemia Study (CRCLS), a population-based case-control study (2001-2003). Cases (n=251 ALL) were diagnosed between 1995 and 2000 (age <15 years at diagnosis) and were identified through the Costa Rican Cancer Registry and National Children's Hospital...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650212/the-experience-of-older-people-living-in-an-elderly-residential-home-panti-sosial-tresna-werdha-a-phenomenology
#13
Septirina Rahayu, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima, Yossie Susanti Eka Putri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain an overview of the experiences of older people living in an elderly residential home (Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha [PSTW]). METHOD: The study used qualitative method with the descriptive phenomenology approach. The participants consisted of six older people who live in institutions. Data were collected through in-depth interviews in accordance with the purpose of the research, and an analysis of the data from the interviews was performed using the analysis stage by Collaizi...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644911/perceived-doctor-patient-relationship-and-satisfaction-with-general-practitioner-care-in-older-persons-in-residential-homes
#14
Claudia S de Waard, Antonius J Poot, Wendy P J den Elzen, Annet W Wind, Monique A A Caljouw, Jacobijn Gussekloo
OBJECTIVE: Understanding patient satisfaction from the perspective of older adults is important to improve quality of their care. Since patient and care variables which can be influenced are of specific interest, this study examines the relation between patient satisfaction and the perceived doctor-patient relationship in older persons and their general practitioners (GPs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Older persons (n = 653, median age 87 years; 69...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642460/turning-the-co-production-corner-methodological-reflections-from-an-action-research-project-to-promote-lgbt-inclusion-in-care-homes-for-older-people
#15
Paul Willis, Kathryn Almack, Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Paul Simpson, Barbara Billings, Naresh Mall
Background : Older lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) residents are often invisible in long-term care settings. This article presents findings from a community-based action research project, which attempted to address this invisibility through co-produced research with LGBT community members. Particular Question: What conditions enable co-produced research to emerge in long-term residential care settings for older people? Aims of Project: To analyse outcomes and challenges of action-oriented, co-produced research in the given context...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619542/incidence-and-outcomes-of-humeral-fractures-in-the-older-person
#16
M Q Wang, T Youssef, P Smerdely
Humeral fractures are not well understood and thus we examined the incidence and outcomes of elderly humeral fractures at a single institution over a 3-year period. We found increasing incidence in humeral fractures with increasing age and negative outcomes comparable to hip fractures. INTRODUCTION: In this study, we report the incidence of humeral fractures in the older patient and their outcomes, including new nursing homes discharges and mortality, residing in the metropolitan referral area of a Sydney tertiary referral hospital...
April 4, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614108/for-better-or-worse-factors-predicting-outcomes-of-family-care-of-older-people-over-a-one-year-period-a-six-country-european-study
#17
Daniel Lüdecke, Barbara Bien, Kevin McKee, Barbro Krevers, Elizabeth Mestheneos, Mirko Di Rosa, Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: Demographic change has led to an increase of older people in need of long-term care in nearly all European countries. Informal carers primarily provide the care and support needed by dependent people. The supply and willingness of individuals to act as carers are critical to sustain informal care resources as part of the home health care provision. This paper describes a longitudinal study of informal care in six European countries and reports analyses that determine those factors predicting the outcomes of family care over a one-year period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608789/advance-care-planning-in-frail-older-adults-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Anouk Overbeek, Ida J Korfage, Lea J Jabbarian, Pascalle Billekens, Bernard J Hammes, Suzanne Polinder, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J Swart, Frederika E Witkamp, Agnes van der Heide, Judith A C Rietjens
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of advance care planning (ACP) in frail older adults. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Residential care homes in the Netherlands (N=16). PARTICIPANTS: Care home residents and community-dwelling adults receiving home care (N=201; n=101 intervention; n=100 control). Participants were 75 years and older, frail, and capable of consenting to participation. INTERVENTION: Adjusted Respecting Choices ACP program...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603208/impacts-of-a-rural-subdivision-on-groundwater-quality-results-of-long-term-monitoring
#19
Todd W Rayne, Kenneth R Bradbury, Jacob J Krause
A rural subdivision in south central Wisconsin was instrumented with monitoring wells and lysimeters before, during, and after its construction to examine the impacts of the unsewered subdivision on groundwater quality and quantity. Prior to construction, the 78-acre (32 hectare) site was farmland. Sixteen homes were constructed beginning in 2003. Initial monitoring from 2002-2005 showed that groundwater beneath the site had been impacted by previous agricultural use, with nitrate-N values as high as 30 mg/l and some detections of the herbicide atrazine...
March 30, 2018: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595367/lessons-learned-from-the-implementation-of-a-medically-enhanced-residential-treatment-mert-model-integrating-intravenous-antibiotics-and-residential-addiction-treatment
#20
Honora Englander, Talitha Wilson, Devin Collins, Elena Phoutrides, Melissa Weimer, P Todd Korthuis, Jessica Calcagni, Christina Nicolaidis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations for severe infections associated with substance use disorder (SUD) are increasing. People with SUD often remain hospitalized for many weeks instead of completing intravenous antibiotics at home; often, they are denied skilled nursing facility admission. Residential SUD treatment facilities are not equipped to administer intravenous antibiotics. We developed a medically enhanced residential treatment (MERT) model integrating residential SUD treatment and long-term IV antibiotics as part of a broader hospital-based addiction medicine service...
March 29, 2018: Substance Abuse
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