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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531413/practical-approaches-towards-determining-the-nourishment-state-of-the-elderly-in-a-residential-home
#1
Tanja Stržinar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513318/neighborhood-built-environment-and-socio-economic-status-in-relation-to-active-commuting-to-school-in-children
#2
Javier Molina-García, Ana Queralt
BACKGROUND: The role of neighborhood type in active commuting to school (ACS) has not been extensively studied in children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between neighborhood built environment (walkability) and neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) with ACS among children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 310 Spanish children (aged 10-12 years; 51% male) was conducted in 2015. Walkability was defined as an index of three built environment characteristics (i...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507817/which-psychological-social-and-physical-environmental-characteristics-predict-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-during-early-retirement-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Delfien Van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
BACKGROUND: In the context of healthy ageing, it is necessary to identify opportunities to implement health interventions in order to develop an active lifestyle with sufficient physical activity and limited sedentary time in middle-aged and older adults. The transition to retirement is such an opportunity, as individuals tend to establish new routines at the start of retirement. Before health interventions can be developed, the psychological, social and physical environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviors during early retirement should be identified, ideally with longitudinal studies...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503094/the-nature-characteristics-and-associations-of-care-home-staff-stress-and-wellbeing-a-national-survey
#4
Muhammad Saiful Islam, Christine Baker, Peter Huxley, Ian T Russell, Michael S Dennis
BACKGROUND: The majority of residents in care homes in the United Kingdom are living with dementia or significant memory problems. Caring in this setting can be difficult and stressful for care staff who work long hours, have little opportunity for training, are poorly paid and yet subject to high expectation. This may affect their mental and physical wellbeing, cause high rates of staff turnover and absenteeism, and affect the quality of care they provide. The main objective of this survey was to explore the nature, characteristics and associations of stress in care home staff...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488889/experiencing-place-younger-people-with-dementia-facing-aged-care
#5
Sally Rimkeit, Jacqueline McIntosh
OBJECTIVES: There are currently few facilities for people with younger onset dementia and they are placed by default into dementia care facilities designed for the elderly. There is limited understanding of how people with younger onset dementia and their care givers anticipate or experience aged residential care. This qualitative study has used semi-structured interviews to give voice to the opinions and perspectives of nine people with younger onset dementia and 11 care givers. METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used for idiographic analysis, allowing examination of the lived experience of younger people with dementia and an iterative exploration of what their experiences mean...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486068/developing-implementing-and-sustaining-an-end-of-life-care-programme-in-residential-care-homes
#6
Julie Kinley, Louisa Stone, Anna Butt, Barbara Kenyon, Nuno Santos Lopes
BACKGROUND: In the UK 15.8% of people aged 85 years and over live in a care home or long-stay hospital setting. With the projection of an ageing population it is realistic to expect that the number of people both living and dying in all care homes will increase. This article describes the implementation of an end-of-life care programme to empower staff to meet their resident's end-of-life care needs. METHODS: To implement an end-of-life care programme, namely the 'Steps to Success' programme, in residential care homes...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485492/physical-abuse-of-elderly-adults-victim-characteristics-and-determinants-of-revictimization
#7
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Tazeen Rizvi, Renee Partida, Daniel Friedman
OBJECTIVES: To describe victim characteristics and determinants of recurrent physical abuse of elderly. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis of multiple data systems to study victims of elder mistreatment in the greater Chicago metropolitan area. SETTING: Five teaching hospitals with Level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older treated for physical and sexual abuse between 2000 and 2011. MEASUREMENTS: History of revictimization was based on hospital admission histories, Adult Protective Services records, and self-report...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#8
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475439/occupational-exposure-of-aldehydes-resulting-from-the-storage-of-wood-pellets
#9
Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Alan Rossner, Philip K Hopke
An exposure assessment was conducted to investigate the potential for harmful concentrations of airborne short chain aldehydes emitted from recently stored wood pellets. Wood pellets can emit a number of airborne aldehydes include acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, propionaldehyde, butyraldehyde, valeraldehyde, and hexanal. Exposure limits have been set for these compounds since they can result in significant irritation of the upper respiratory system at elevated concentrations. Formaldehyde is a recognized human carcinogen and acetaldehyde is an animal carcinogen...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475222/the-prevalence-of-pain-and-its-relationship-to-falls-fatigue-and-depression-in-a-cohort-of-older-people-living-in-the-community
#10
Marie Crowe, Jennifer Jordan, Deborah Gillon, Cate Mccall, Christopher Frampton, Hamish Jamieson
AIM: To examine the relationship of the pain severity scores with demographic variables (age, gender and ethnicity) and with the frequency of falls, fatigue and depression in a very large New Zealand sample of people over 65 years assessed using the Home Care International Residential Assessment Instrument. BACKGROUND: Pain is reported to be highly prevalent in older people yet it is poorly correlated with tissue damage. There is convincing evidence that it is related to depression and some evidence of its relationship with fatigue and falls...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467231/smoking-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-foster-care-a-gender-based-analysis
#11
Svetlana Shpiegel, Steve Sussman, Scott E Sherman, Omar El Shahawy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescents in foster care are at high risk for cigarette smoking. However, it is not clear how their smoking behaviors vary by gender. The present study examined lifetime and current smoking among males and females, and explored gender-specific risk factors for engagement in smoking behaviors. METHOD: Data from the Multi Site Evaluation of Foster Youth Programs was used to evaluate patterns of smoking among adolescents aged 12-18 years (N = 1121; 489 males, 632 females)...
May 3, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467148/outcomes-of-cardiac-arrest-in-residential-care-homes-for-the-elderly-in-hong-kong
#12
Kit Ling Fan, Ling Pong Leung
OBJECTIVE: Studies done in the 1990's suggested nursing home residents with cardiac arrest had minimal chance of survival and resuscitation was not recommended. More recent studies showed opposing results. In Hong Kong, the proportion of elderly living in the residential care homes for the elderly is increasing. There is no study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes in this population. This study aimed at evaluating the prognosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest occurring in the residential care homes for the elderly...
May 3, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455223/a-longitudinal-assessment-of-adherence-to-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-recommendations-among-women-with-and-without-intellectual-disability
#13
Xinling Xu, Suzanne W McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin, Chelsea B Deroche, Dianna D Carroll, Elizabeth A Courtney-Long
Each year in the United States, about 4000 deaths are attributed to cervical cancer, and over 40,000 deaths are attributed to breast cancer (U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group, 2015). The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of full, partial, and no screening for breast and cervical cancer among women with and without intellectual disability (ID) who are within the age group for screening recommended by the U.S. Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF), while accounting for changes in recommendations over the study period...
April 25, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454563/setting-related-influences-on-physical-inactivity-of-older-adults-in-residential-care-settings-a-review
#14
Johanna G Douma, Karin M Volkers, Gwenda Engels, Marieke H Sonneveld, Richard H M Goossens, Erik J A Scherder
BACKGROUND: Despite the detrimental effects of physical inactivity for older adults, especially aged residents of residential care settings may spend much time in inactive behavior. This may be partly due to their poorer physical condition; however, there may also be other, setting-related factors that influence the amount of inactivity. The aim of this review was to review setting-related factors (including the social and physical environment) that may contribute to the amount of older adults' physical inactivity in a wide range of residential care settings (e...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453973/determinants-of-children-s-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-western-france
#15
Philippe Glorennec, Tania Serrano, Morgane Fravallo, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel, Florent Le Gléau, Barbara Le Bot, Cécile Chevrier
Pyrethroids are insecticides frequently used in agriculture and in the home; exposure occurs through dietary and non-dietary pathways, including indoor and outdoor environmental contamination. Our objective was to study the potential determinants of pyrethroid metabolite concentrations measured in children's urine samples and in the dust of their homes. Specifically, we measured urinary metabolites from morning spot samples of 245 six-year-old children living in Brittany (France) in 2009-2012 and from dust vacuumed from the floor of their homes...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453399/monitoring-of-co-in-residences-with-bulk-wood-pellet-storage-in-the-northeast
#16
Alan Rossner, Carolyn E Jordan, Cameron Wake, Lydia Soto-Garcia
The interest in biomass fuel is continuing to expand globally and in the Northeastern US as wood pellets are becoming a primary source of fuel for residential and small commercial systems. Wood pellets for boilers are often stored in basement storage rooms or large bag type containers. Due to the enclosed nature of these storage areas, the atmosphere may exhibit increased levels of carbon monoxide. Serious accidents in Europe have been reported over the last decade in which high concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) have been found in or near bulk pellet storage containers...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445425/association-of-long-term-near-highway-exposure-to-ultrafine-particles-with-cardiovascular-diseases-diabetes-and-hypertension
#17
Yu Li, Kevin J Lane, Laura Corlin, Allison P Patton, John L Durant, Mohan Thanikachalam, Mark Woodin, Molin Wang, Doug Brugge
Ultrafine particle (UFP) concentrations are elevated near busy roadways, however, their effects on prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension are not well understood. To investigate these associations, data on demographics, diseases, medication use, and time of activities were collected by in-home surveys for 704 participants in three pairs of near-highway and urban background neighborhoods in and near Boston (MA, USA). Body mass index (BMI) was measured for a subset of 435 participants...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426522/patient-safety-culture-survey-in-pediatric-complex-care-settings-a-factor-analysis
#18
Amanda J Hessels, Meghan Murray, Bevin Cohen, Elaine L Larson
OBJECTIVES: Children with complex medical needs are increasing in number and demanding the services of pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTC), which require a focus on patient safety culture (PSC). However, no tool to measure PSC has been tested in this unique hybrid acute care-residential setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture tool slightly modified for use in the pLTC setting. METHODS: Factor analyses were performed on data collected from 239 staff at 3 pLTC in 2012...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424088/research-exploring-physical-activity-in-care-homes-reach-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Anne Forster, Jennifer Airlie, Karen Birch, Robert Cicero, Bonnie Cundill, Alison Ellwood, Mary Godfrey, Liz Graham, John Green, Claire Hulme, Rebecca Lawton, Vicki McLellan, Nicola McMaster, Amanda Farrin
BACKGROUND: As life expectancy increases and the number of older people, particularly those aged 85 years and over, expands there is an increase in demand for long-term care. A large proportion of people in a care home setting spend most of their time sedentary, and this is one of the leading preventable causes of death. Encouraging residents to engage in more physical activity could deliver benefits in terms of physical and psychological health, and quality of life. This study is the final stage of a programme of research to develop and preliminarily test an evidence-based intervention designed to enhance opportunities for movement amongst care home residents, thereby increasing levels of physical activity...
April 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419708/willingness-to-pay-for-a-maternity-waiting-home-stay-in-zambia
#20
Taryn Vian, Emily E White, Godfrey Biemba, Kaluba Mataka, Nancy Scott
INTRODUCTION: Complications of pregnancy and childbirth can pose serious risks to the health of women, especially in resource-poor settings. Zambia has been implementing a program to improve access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care, including expansion of maternity waiting homes-residential facilities located near a qualified medical facility where a pregnant woman can wait to give birth. Yet it is unclear how much support communities and women would be willing to provide to help fund the homes and increase sustainability...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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