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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215750/organizational-capacities-for-residential-care-homes-for-the-elderly-to-provide-culturally-appropriate-end-of-life-care-for-chinese-elders-and-their-families
#1
Sui-Ting Kong, Christine Meng-Sang Fang, Vivian Weiqun Lou
Developing culturally appropriate end-of-life care for Chinese elderly and families is not an endemic challenge for Hong Kong, but that of the Western countries with a noticeable trend of rising Chinese population. The particular development of Hong Kong healthcare system, which is currently the major provider of end-of-life care, makes Hong Kong a fruitful case for understanding the confluence of the West and the East cultures in end-of-life care practices. This study therefore aims at building our best practice to enhance the capacity of residential care homes in providing culturally appropriate end-of-life care...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214705/home-and-away-area-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-obesity-risk
#2
Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Gregory Sharp, Justin T Denney
Although residential context is linked to obesity risk, less is known about how the additional places where we work, shop, play, and worship may influence that risk. We employ longitudinal data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS) to derive time-weighted measures of exposure to home and activity space contexts to ascertain the impacts of each on obesity risk for adults. Results show that increased exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage in the residential neighborhood significantly increases obesity risk, and although activity space disadvantage does not directly influence obesity, it reduces the association between residential disadvantage and obesity...
February 16, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#3
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214013/lifetime-prevalence-and-incidence-of-sexual-victimization-of-adolescents-in-institutional-care
#4
Marc Allroggen, Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert
The frequency of sexual victimization in high-risk populations like adolescents in institutional care has hardly been studied. In this study, we report lifetime prevalence and incidence from a nationwide German sample including 322 adolescents (mean age 16.69 years, 43% female) from 20 residential care facilities and 12 boarding schools. Lifetime prevalence for severe sexual victimization (in and outside of institution) was 46.7% for girls and 8.0% for boys. Moreover, 5% of all adolescents experienced severe sexual victimization for the first time after they were admitted to the current institution (mean duration of stay in the current institution 3...
February 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202137/reconsidering-residential-mobility-differential-effects-on-child-wellbeing-by-race-and-ethnicity
#5
Kristin L Perkins
Residential mobility is a common experience among Americans, especially children. Most previous research finds residential mobility has negative effects on children's educational attainment, delinquency, substance abuse, and physical and mental health. Previous research, however, does not fully explore whether the effect of mobility differs by child race/ethnicity, in part because many of the samples used for these studies were majority white or exclusively non-white or disadvantaged. In addition, previous research rarely fully accounts for factors that predict selection into mobility and that may also be related to the outcome of interest...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199334/childhood-hematologic-cancer-and-residential-proximity-to-oil-and-gas-development
#6
Lisa M McKenzie, William B Allshouse, Tim E Byers, Edward J Bedrick, Berrin Serdar, John L Adgate
BACKGROUND: Oil and gas development emits known hematological carcinogens, such as benzene, and increasingly occurs in residential areas. We explored whether residential proximity to oil and gas development was associated with risk for hematologic cancers using a registry-based case-control study design. METHODS: Participants were 0-24 years old, living in rural Colorado, and diagnosed with cancer between 2001-2013. For each child in our study, we calculated inverse distance weighted (IDW) oil and gas well counts within a 16...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198578/stories-of-change-the-text-analysis-of-handovers-in-an-italian-psychiatric-residential-care-home
#7
M Accordini, E Saita, F Irtelli, M Buratti, G Saluto
: Handovers assure a timely and correct information transfer while socializing workers to the service's culture, however no study describes them as instruments to document organizational change and only a few have focused on psychiatric settings. AIM: To investigate the change in the culture of an Italian psychiatric residential care home as perceived by its Mental Health Workers (MHWs) over the course of two decades. METHOD: Emotional Text Analysis (ETA) was used to analyze the MHWs' handovers completed from 1990 to 2011...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196847/housing-discrimination-residential-racial-segregation-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-in-southeastern-wisconsin
#8
Yuhong Zhou, Amin Bemanian, Kirsten M M Beyer
BACKGROUND: Residential racial segregation is still neglected in contemporary examinations of racial health disparities, including studies of cancer. Even fewer studies examine the processes by which segregation occurs, such as through housing discrimination. This study aims to examine relationships among housing discrimination, segregation, and colorectal cancer survival in southeastern Wisconsin. METHODS: Cancer incidence data were obtained from the Wisconsin Cancer Reporting System for two southeastern Wisconsin metropolitan areas...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187942/pm2-5-bound-pahs-in-three-indoor-and-one-outdoor-air-in-beijing-concentration-source-and-health-risk-assessment
#9
Ying Chen, Xinghua Li, Tianle Zhu, Yingjie Han, Dong Lv
Three indoor (residential home, dormitory, and office) and one outdoor concentrations of PM2.5-bound Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed in Beijing across four seasons. The highest and lowest concentration of total PAHs for outdoor appeared in winter and in summer with averages of 200.1 and 9.1ng/m(3) respectively. The seasonal variations of total PAHs in three indoor sites were the same as outdoor. The correlation analysis between the indoor and outdoor samples showed that the annual mean I/O ratios of total PAHs in the three sites were lower than 1...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186210/us-residential-building-air-exchange-rates-new-perspectives-to-improve-decision-making-at-vapor-intrusion-sites
#10
Rivka Reichman, Elham Shirazi, Donald G Colliver, Kelly G Pennell
Vapor intrusion (VI) is well-known to be difficult to characterize because indoor air (IA) concentrations exhibit considerable temporal and spatial variability in homes throughout impacted communities. To overcome this and other limitations, most VI science has focused on subsurface processes; however there is a need to understand the role of aboveground processes, especially building operation, in the context of VI exposure risks. This tutorial review focuses on building air exchange rates (AERs) and provides a review of literature related building AERs to inform decision making at VI sites...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185441/evaluation-of-the-ladder-to-the-moon-culture-change-studio-engagement-programme-staff-training-two-quasi-experimental-case-studies
#11
Azucena Guzmán, Jennifer Wenborn, Tom Swinson, Martin Orrell
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the CCSEP on care home staff in two care settings for older people in one nursing home and one residential home. BACKGROUND: Care homes provide personal care and accommodation for older people. The English Dementia Strategy aims to improve the quality of service provision for people with dementia. This includes specific mention of improving the quality of life in care homes and as such includes objectives related to developing the workforce knowledge and skills...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178023/risk-factors-for-acute-care-hospital-readmission-in-older-persons-in-western-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Mona Kyndi Pedersen, Gabriele Meyer, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission in older persons is common and reported as a post-discharge adverse outcome from hospitalization. Readmission relates to a mix of factors associated with increasing age, living conditions, progression of disease as well as factors related to the processes of care. To allow health professionals to focus more intensively on patients at risk of readmission, there is a need to identify the characteristics of those patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on risk factors for acute care hospital readmission within one month of discharge in older persons in Western countries...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176431/comparison-between-clinical-gait-and-daily-life-gait-assessments-of-fall-risk-in-older-people
#13
Matthew A Brodie, Milou J Coppens, Andreas Ejupi, Yves J Gschwind, Janneke Annegarn, Daniel Schoene, Rainer Wieching, Stephen R Lord, Kim Delbaere
AIM: Falls are a leading cause of disability in older people. Here we investigate if daily-life gait assessments are better than clinical gait assessments at discriminating between older people with and without a history of falls. METHODS: A total of 96 independent-living participants (age 75.5 ± 7.8) underwent sensorimotor, psychological and cognitive assessments, and the Timed Up and Go and 10-m walk tests. Participants wore a small pendant sensor device for a week in their home environment, from which the new remote assessments of daily-life gait were determined...
February 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171704/subdivision-design-and-stewardship-affect-bird-and-mammal-use-of-conservation-developments
#14
Cooper M Farr, Liba Pejchar, Sarah E Reed
Developing effective tools for conservation on private lands is increasingly important for global biodiversity conservation; private lands are located in more productive and biologically diverse areas, and they face accelerated rates of land conversion. One strategy is conservation development (CD) subdivisions, which cluster houses in a small portion of a property and preserve the remaining land as protected open space. Despite widespread use, the characteristics that make CD more or less effective at achieving biodiversity conservation are not well understood...
February 7, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168716/a-deskilling-and-challenging-journey-the-lived-experience-of-indonesian-nurse-returnees
#15
A Kurniati, C-M Chen, F Efendi, R Ogawa
AIM: To illuminate the lived experiences of Indonesian nurses who previously worked as caregivers in Japanese residential care facilities, by exploring the journey of becoming returnees. BACKGROUND: The creation of bilateral agreements between Indonesia and Japan has facilitated the movement of Indonesian nurses to work as caregivers in Japan since 2008. While this decision raised concerns with regard to the degradation of nursing skills, little is known about this issue from the perspective of nurse returnees and how the experience affects their life...
February 6, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141892/differential-effects-of-air-conditioning-type-on-residential-endotoxin-levels-in-a-semi-arid-climate
#16
James D Johnston, Bryce A Kruman, Morgan C Nelson, Ray M Merrill, Robert J Graul, Taylor G Hoybjerg, Steven C Tuttle, Sheldon J Myers, Ryan B Cook, K Scott Weber
Residential endotoxin exposure is associated with protective and pathogenic health outcomes. Evaporative coolers, an energy-efficient type of air conditioner used in dry climates, are a potential source of indoor endotoxins; however, this association is largely unstudied. We collected settled dust biannually from four locations in homes with evaporative coolers (n = 18) and central air conditioners (n = 22) in Utah County, Utah (USA), during winter (Jan - Apr) and summer (Aug - Sept), 2014. Dust samples (n = 281) were analyzed by the Limulus amebocyte lysate test...
January 31, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131887/residential-pesticide-exposures-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-sporadic-retinoblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#17
Negar Omidakhsh, Arupa Ganguly, Greta R Bunin, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Beate Ritz, Julia E Heck
PURPOSE: To examine whether parental pesticide exposure contributes to the development of sporadic retinoblastoma. DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Data were collected by a large multicenter study of sporadic retinoblastoma in which parents of 99 unilateral and 56 bilateral age matched case-control pairs were interviewed by telephone. Retrospective exposure information was collected on the type, location, timing and frequency of residential pesticide use...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130822/the-role-of-social-relationships-among-elderly-community-dwelling-and-nursing-home-residents-findings-from-a-quality-of-life-study
#18
Paolo Scocco, Mario Nassuato
AIM: In Western countries, older adults' needs are often managed through institutionalization. Based on the assumption that quality of life, particularly social relationships, may be perceived differently according to residential setting, the aims of this study were to compare World Health Organization Quality of Life brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) scores of elderly community-dwelling residents and nursing home residents. METHODS: A sample of 207 older adults (135 community-dwelling residents, 72 nursing home residents) was evaluated with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), WHOQOL-BREF, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129903/geochemical-sources-forms-and-phases-of-soil-contamination-in-an-industrial-city
#19
P J Harvey, M Rouillon, C Dong, V Ettler, H K Handley, M P Taylor, E Tyson, P Tennant, V Telfer, R Trinh
This study examines current soil contamination in an Australian industrial city, Newcastle. Public (roadside verges and parks) and private (homes) surface soils (n=170) contained metal(loid)s elevated above their respective Australian Health Investigation Levels (HIL). Lead (Pb), the most common contaminant in the city, exceeds the HIL for residential soils (HIL-A, 300mg/kg) in 88% of private soils (median: 1140mg/kg). In-vitro Pb bio-accessibility analysis of selected soils (n=11) using simulated gastric fluid showed a high affinity for Pb solubilisation (maximum Pb concentration: 5190mg/kg, equating to 45% Pb bio-accessibility)...
January 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129751/practising-proportionate-universalism-a-study-protocol-of-an-extended-postnatal-home-visiting-programme-in-a-disadvantaged-area-in-stockholm-sweden
#20
Bo Burström, Anneli Marttila, Asli Kulane, Lene Lindberg, Kristina Burström
BACKGROUND: In spite of a well-developed welfare system in Sweden, there are important health divides between residential areas in Stockholm county, with shorter life expectancy in disadvantaged areas. These socioeconomic and health divides also affect children. Extra efforts and organized collaboration by different authorities are required to meet the greater needs of children growing up in these areas. METHODS/DESIGN: This article reports on the programme logic and evaluation design of an extended postnatal home visiting programme in collaboration between child health services and social services in the Rinkeby area, Stockholm, Sweden, where a large proportion are recent immigrants and more than 50% are at-risk of poverty...
January 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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