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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349919/analysis-of-follow-up-methods-of-vascular-access-and-patient-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-china
#1
Ying Zhang, Xianglei Kong, Lijun Tang, Yong Wei, Dongmei Xu
Arteriovenous fistula is the preferred option for vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to assess different follow-up methods for hemodialysis patients in our hemodialysis center in China. A cohort of 124 patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease was recruited and double-blind randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in Group A received phone calls to schedule their next consultation a week in advance. Patients in Group B scheduled their next appointment at the end of each visit...
January 19, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349413/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-modified-hero-dialysis-device-in-achieving-early-graft-cannulation-a-single-institution-experience
#2
John W Perry, David Hardy, Shvetank Agarwal, Gautam Agarwal
Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) grafts (Merit Medical Systems, Inc, South Jordan, Utah) provide a means for access in catheter-dependent hemodialysis patients but typically require several weeks for tissue incorporation. Modifying the HeRO graft with an ACUSEAL graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Newark, Del) can allow immediate cannulation, thus reducing catheter dependence time and its associated complications. A retrospective review of patients at our institution from 2013 to 2016 who underwent placement of a modified HeRO dialysis system with ACUSEAL graft was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348924/mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-intensive-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Anna Mathew, Jody-Ann McLeggon, Nirav Mehta, Samuel Leung, Valerie Barta, Thomas McGinn, Gihad Nesrallah
Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear. Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340455/central-venous-catheter-related-infections-in-patients-receiving-short-term-hemodialysis-therapy-incidence-associated-factors-and-microbiological-aspects
#4
Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Natália Cristina Betoni, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Elen Almeida Romão
INTRODUCTION: Bloodstream infections are the second most common cause of death among patients on hemodialysis. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors associated with central venous catheter-related infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and to identify and characterize the type and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the primary microorganisms isolated during one year of follow-up. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 2014 in a hemodialysis referral center...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336064/home-hemodialysis-education-during-postdoctoral-training-challenges-and-innovations
#5
Joel D Glickman, Rebecca Kurnik Seshasai
Inadequate education in home hemodialysis (HHD) fellowship training might contribute to underutilization of this modality in the United States. Most graduates of nephrology fellowships do not grade themselves as competent in HHD suggesting that fellowship training in HHD is inadequate. An essential component for fellow education is at least one faculty member with expertise in HHD who is passionate about promoting the use of this modality. At a minimum, fellow training should utilize a curriculum that includes both lectures about HHD and outpatient clinical exposure to this modality over a period of at least 6-12 months...
January 15, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334904/association-of-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-kdqol-36-with-mortality-and-hospitalization-in-older-adults-receiving-hemodialysis
#6
Rasheeda K Hall, Alison Luciano, Carl Pieper, Cathleen S Colón-Emeric
BACKGROUND: For older adults receiving dialysis, health-related quality of life is not often considered in prognostication of death or future hospitalizations. To determine if routine health-related quality of life measures may be useful for prognostication, the objective of this study is to determine the extent of association of Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL-36) subscales with adverse outcomes in older adults receiving dialysis. METHODS: This is a longitudinal study of 3500 adults aged ≥75 years receiving dialysis in the United States in 2012 and 2013...
January 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319771/peritoneal-dialysis-as-the-first-dialysis-treatment-option-initially-unplanned
#7
Marcela Lara Mendes, Camila Albuquerque Alves, Edwa Maria Bucuvic, Dayana Bitencourt Dias, Daniela Ponce
Most patients with stage 5 CKD start RRT of unplanned manner. Unplanned dialysis, also known as urgent start, may be defined as hemodialysis (HD) started without permanent vascular access, i.e., using a central venous catheter (CVC), or as peritoneal dialysis (PD) started within seven days after implantation of the catheter, without family training. Although few studies have evaluated the PD as an immediate treatment option for patients starting urgent RRT, theirs results suggest that it is a feasible and safe alternative, with infectious complications and survival similar to patients treated with unplanned HD...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318218/potential-benefit-associated-with-delaying-initiation-of-hemodialysis-in-a-japanese-cohort
#8
Satoshi Higuchi, Izaya Nakaya, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Yoichiro Chikamatsu, Ken-Ei Sada, Suguru Yamamoto, Satoko Takahashi, Hiroyo Sasaki, Jun Soma
Introduction: Late referral to a nephrologist, the type of vascular access, nutritional status, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at the start of hemodialysis (HD) have been reported as independent risk factors of survival for patients who begin HD. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of the HD-free interval from the time of an eGFR of 10 ml/min per 1.73 m2 (IGFR10-HD) on patient outcome. Methods: We enrolled 124 patients aged older than 20 years who had HD initiated in a general hospital...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314304/role-of-telehealth-in-renal-replacement-therapy-education
#9
Anna Malkina, Delphine S Tuot
The prevalence of end-stage renal disease is rising in the United States, which bears high financial and public health burden. The most common modality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the United States is in-center hemodialysis. Many patients report lack of comprehensive and timely education about their treatment options, which may preclude them from participating in home-based dialysis therapies and kidney transplantation evaluation. While RRT education has traditionally been provided in-person, the rise of telehealth has afforded new opportunities to improve upon the status quo...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301135/a-retrospective-analysis-of-dialysis-events-over-a-3-year-period-in-an-outpatient-dialysis-unit-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#10
Moustapha Ramadan, Gautam Hebbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in the rates of dialysis events stratified by vascular access type and to describe the microbiological profile and sensitivity patterns of positive blood cultures over a 3-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The dialysis event data of 10751 chronic hemodialysis patients collected from March 2013 to February 2016 at an Outpatient Dialysis Unit in Kuwait were reviewed. The dialysis events studied were; use of intravenous (IV) antimicrobials, positive blood culture and signs of inflammation at the vascular access site...
January 4, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285424/maturation-of-arteriovenous-fistula-analysis-of-key-factors
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad A Siddiqui, Suhel Ashraff, Thomas Carline
The growing proportion of individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease has considerable repercussions for both kidney specialists and primary care. Progressive and permanent renal failure is most frequently treated with hemodialysis. The efficiency of hemodialysis treatment relies on the functional status of vascular access. Determining the type of vascular access has prime significance for maximizing successful maturation of a fistula and avoiding surgical revision. Despite the frequency of arteriovenous fistula procedures, there are no consistent criteria applied before creation of arteriovenous fistulae...
December 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277506/high-output-cardiac-failure-and-coronary-steal-with-an-arteriovenous-fistula
#12
Amtul Aala, Sairah Sharif, Leslie Parikh, Paul C Gordon, Susie L Hu
Creation of an arteriovenous access for hemodialysis can provoke a sequence of events that significantly affects cardiovascular hemodynamics. We present a 78-year-old man with end-stage renal disease and concomitant coronary artery disease previously requiring coronary artery bypass grafting including a left internal mammary graft to the left anterior descending artery, ischemic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and severe aortic stenosis who developed hypotension unresponsive to medical therapy after recent angioplasty of his ipsilateral arteriovenous fistula for high-grade outflow stenosis...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275056/the-pivotal-multicenter-trial-of-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-arteriovenous-fistula-creation-for-hemodialysis-access
#13
Jeffrey E Hull, William C Jennings, Randy I Cooper, Umar Waheed, Matthew E Schaefer, Rajeev Narayan
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) created with a thermal resistance anastomosis device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective single-arm trial at 5 sites enrolled 107 patients. Patients underwent ultrasound (US)-guided anastomosis creation between the proximal radial artery and perforating vein with the Ellipsys Vascular Access System (Avenu Medical, Inc, San Juan Capistrano, California) followed by separate maturation procedures...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273282/hemodialysis-access-maintenance-in-the-medicare-population-an-analysis-over-a-decade-of-trends-by-provider-specialty-and-site-of-service
#14
Osman Ahmed, Ketan Patel, Rana Rabei, Mikin V Patel, Michael Ginsburg, Bishir Clayton, Bulent Arslan
PURPOSE: To evaluate annual national trends in hemodialysis access maintenance procedures in the Medicare population by specialty and setting. METHODS: Medicare Physician Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed for procedure codes of hemodialysis access angiography and percutaneous thrombectomy. Using physician specialty codes, component procedure volume for endovascular services were queried for radiology, medicine, and surgery...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249390/left-ventricular-assist-devices-kidney-disease-and-dialysis
#15
Bethany Roehm, Amanda R Vest, Daniel E Weiner
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) improve survival in patients with advanced heart failure. As LVAD use increases, so do the number of patients with LVADs who also have kidney disease. However, there are only sparse data on how best to care for these patients. This review provides an overview of LVAD principles and indications, including blood pressure assessment and criteria for receipt of both destination and bridge to transplantation LVADs. Following LVAD implantation, kidney function may improve in the short term, particularly if cardiorenal physiology was present; in the longer term, data remain limited...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248121/percutaneous-drug-eluting-balloon-angioplasty-to-treat-dialysis-access-stenosis
#16
Mafalda Massara, Pietro Finocchiaro, Alberto Volpe, Antonino Alberti, Pietro Volpe
A common complication of arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is development of conduit stenosis, which compromises function and can result in access thrombosis. Possible treatment options include open repair and endovascular therapy, with the latter preferred due to lower morbidity and similar outcomes. Recurrence of conduit stenosis is common and, based on the pathophysiology of this lesion, the application of drug-coated balloon angioplasty is attractive. In this report, the application of drug-eluting balloon angioplasty for dialysis access stenosis in 18 consecutive patients is detailed and primary patency rates of 82% at 1 year and 68% at 2 years were calculated...
June 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228920/comparison-of-outcomes-between-emergent-start-and-planned-start-peritoneal-dialysis-in-incident-esrd-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Wen-Yi Li, Yi-Cheng Wang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Shih-Hua Lin, Kwan-Dun Wu, Yung-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: The clinical consequences of starting chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) after emergent dialysis via a temporary hemodialysis (HD) catheter has rarely been evaluated within a full spectrum of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated the longer-term outcomes of patients undergoing emergent-start PD in comparison with that of other practices of PD or HD in a prospective cohort of new-onset ESRD. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective observational study...
December 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225970/dialysis-provision-and-implications-of-health-economics-on-peritoneal-dialysis-utilization-a-review-from-a-malaysian-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Naren Kumar Surendra, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Lai Seong Hooi, Sunita Bavanandan
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is managed by either lifesaving hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) or a kidney transplant. In Malaysia, the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESRD patients has shown an exponential growth from 504 per million population (pmp) in 2005 to 1155 pmp in 2014. There were 1046 pmp patients on HD and 109 pmp patients on PD in 2014. Kidney transplants are limited due to lack of donors. Malaysia adopts public-private financing model for dialysis. Majority of HD patients were treated in the private sector but almost all PD patients were treated in government facilities...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224945/an-age-based-comparison-of-fistula-location-patency-and-maturation-for-elderly-renal-failure-patients
#19
Jonathan Misskey, Jason Faulds, Ravi Sidhu, Keith Baxter, Joel Gagnon, York Hsiang
OBJECTIVE: Current Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines do not incorporate age in determining autogenous arteriovenous hemodialysis access placement, and the optimal initial configuration in elderly patients remains controversial. We compared patency, maturation, survival, and complications between several age cohorts (<65 years, 65-79 years, >80 years) to determine whether protocols should be modified to account for advanced age. METHODS: All patients at two teaching hospitals undergoing a first autogenous arteriovenous access creation in either arm between 2007 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed from a prospectively maintained database...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223499/a-comparison-of-standard-versus-low-dose-heparin-on-access-related-complications-after-coronary-angiography-through-radial-access-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Khagendra Dahal, Sharan Sharma, Adil Yousuf, Juyong Lee, Michael Azrin, Enrique Jimenez, Kalgi Modi, Neeraj Tandon
BACKGROUND: Transradial access (TRA) is preferred for coronary angiography (CA) or percutaneous coronary intervention due to reduced access-related complications, and mortality especially for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) is a known complication of TRA, and precludes its use as a future access site, conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting or for hemodialysis fistula placement. Although a standard dose (SD) heparin of 5000 Units is used during TRA, the risks of RAO and hematoma compared to lower dose (LD) remain unclear...
November 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
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