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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330853/transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-vs-facemask-breathing-pre-oxygenation-for-rapid-sequence-induction-in-adults-a-prospective-randomised-non-blinded-clinical-trial
#2
Å Lodenius, J Piehl, A Östlund, J Ullman, M Jonsson Fagerlund
Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) can prolong apnoea time in adults. Therefore, THRIVE used for pre-oxygenation in rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia could extend safe apnoea time during prolonged laryngoscopy and intubation. In this randomised controlled trial, we compared the lowest peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) during intubation when pre-oxygenating with either traditional facemask or THRIVE. Eighty adult patients, undergoing rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia for emergency surgery, were randomly allocated to pre-oxygenation with 100% oxygen with facemask or with THRIVE...
January 13, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330776/second-hand-exposure-of-staff-administering-vaporised-cannabinoid-products-to-patients-in-a-hospital-setting
#3
Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J Broyd, Peter de Krey, Jennifer H Martin
BACKGROUND: In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and patient control of the inhaled amount (via breath timing and depth) is that of vaporisation of cannabinoid products...
January 12, 2018: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#4
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325236/treatment-with-a-ghrelin-agonist-in-outpatient-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Pouneh K Fazeli, Elizabeth A Lawson, Alexander T Faje, Kamryn T Eddy, Hang Lee, Fred T Fiedorek, Anne Breggia, Ildiko M Gaal, Rebecca DeSanti, Anne Klibanski
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of relamorelin-an agonist of the appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin, which has effects on gastric emptying-on (1) weight gain and (2) gastric emptying in women with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, the effects of the ghrelin agonist relamorelin were studied in 22 outpatient women with anorexia nervosa, diagnosed using DSM-5 criteria. The study was conducted at the Massachusetts General Hospital Clinical Research Center between March 11, 2013, and February 26, 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317015/randomized-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-beclomethasone-dipropionate-breath-actuated-inhaler-in-patients-with-asthma
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Breath-actuated inhalers (BAI) eliminate the need for the hand-breath coordination required with standardmetered-dose inhalers (MDI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) administered via BAI. METHODS: This 6-week, phase III, double-blind study included patients aged greater than or equal to 12 years with persistent asthma. During the single-blind run-in, patients discontinued asthma medications and received twice-daily placebo BAI or MDI...
January 9, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305321/factors-associated-with-symptom-relief-in-end-of-life-care-in-residential-care-homes-a-national-register-based-study
#7
Sofia Andersson, Kristofer Årestedt, Olav Lindqvist, Carl-Johan Fürst, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. AIM: To explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief, and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. METHOD: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (n=22 855)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305304/sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery-when-2-alcoholic-drinks-are-converted-to-4
#8
María Belén Acevedo, J Christopher Eagon, Bruce D Bartholow, Samuel Klein, Kathleen K Bucholz, Marta Yanina Pepino
BACKGROUND: While it is well established that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes a rapid and heightened peak blood alcohol concentration (BAC), results from previous studies on the effects of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on alcohol pharmacokinetics are conflicting. Data from 2 studies found SG did not affect BAC, whereas another study found SG caused a heightened peak BAC after alcohol ingestion. Moreover, these 3 studies estimated BAC from breathalyzers, which might not reliably estimate peak BAC...
November 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289490/positive-end-expiratory-pressure-during-resuscitation-at-birth-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#9
Ratchada Kitsommart, Kittaya Nakornchai, Buranee Yangthara, Ratchada Jiraprasertwong, Bosco Paes
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insufficiency and providing PEEP after the very first breath, may improve outcomes following appropriate resuscitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the short term respiratory outcomes after positive pressure ventilation (PPV) with PEEP in preterm infants at birth. METHODS: A prospective randomized-controlled, pilot trial was conducted...
December 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288788/effect-of-intercostal-nerve-block-and-nephrostomy-tract-infiltration-with-ropivacaine-on-postoperative-pain-control-after-tubeless-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-prospective-randomized-and-case-controlled-trial
#10
Sae Woong Choi, Shin Jay Cho, Hyong Woo Moon, Kyu Won Lee, Sang Hoon Lee, Sang Hyun Hong, Yong Sun Choi, Woong Jin Bae, U-Syn Ha, Sung-Hoo Hong, Ji Youl Lee, Sae Woong Kim, Hyuk Jin Cho
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of intercostal nerve block (ICBN) and nephrostomy tract infiltration (NTI) with ropivacaine in patients undergoing tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (TPCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2015 to March 2017, a total 226 patients undergoing TPCNL were enrolled. After excluding 130 patients who failed to meet the inclusion criteria, a total of 96 eligible patients were randomized into three groups: Group 1, control group (n = 32); Group 2, ICBN with 15 ml of 0...
December 27, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284833/preemptive-epidural-analgesia-for-postoperative-pain-relief-revisited-comparison-of-combination-of-buprenorphine-and-neostigmine-with-combination-of-buprenorphine-and-ketamine-in-lower-abdominal-surgeries-a-double-blind-randomized-trial
#11
Sanjay Choubey, Raj Bahadur Singh
Context: Postoperative pain relief provides subjective comfort to patient in addition to blunting of autonomic and somatic reflex responses to pain, subsequently enhancing restoration of function by allowing the patient to breathe, cough, and move easily. Aims: The aim is to evaluate and compare the effects of neostigmine + buprenorphine and ketamine + buprenorphine for preemptive epidural analgesia for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries under general anesthesia (GA)...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282143/azithromycin-versus-placebo-for-the-treatment-of-hiv-associated-chronic-lung-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-breathe-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Carmen Gonzalez-Martinez, Katharina Kranzer, Grace McHugh, Elizabeth L Corbett, Hilda Mujuru, Mark P Nicol, Sarah Rowland-Jones, Andrea M Rehman, Tore J Gutteberg, Trond Flaegstad, Jon O Odland, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related chronic lung disease (CLD) among children is associated with substantial morbidity, despite antiretroviral therapy. This may be a consequence of repeated respiratory tract infections and/or dysregulated immune activation that accompanies HIV infection. Macrolides have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, and we hypothesised that azithromycin would reduce decline in lung function and morbidity through preventing respiratory tract infections and controlling systemic inflammation...
December 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278967/physiotherapy-methods-to-facilitate-pelvic-floor-muscle-contraction-a-systematic-review
#13
Elaine Cristine Lemes Mateus-Vasconcelos Pt PhD, Aline Moreira Ribeiro Pt MSc, Flávia Ignácio Antônio Pt PhD, Luiz Gustavo de Oliveira Brito PhD, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira
AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the literature on physical therapy methods to facilitate voluntary pelvic floor muscles (PFM) contraction. METHODS: The databases consulted were PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro and CINHAL. The study included randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental trials and systematic reviews. The GRADE scale was used to assess methodological quality...
December 26, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262308/multiple-modality-exercise-and-mind-motor-training-to-improve-mobility-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Narlon C Boa Sorte Silva, Dawn P Gill, Michael A Gregory, John Bocti, Robert J Petrella
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of multiple-modality exercise with or without additional mind-motor training on mobility outcomes in older adults with subjective cognitive complaints. METHODS: This was a 24-week randomized controlled trial with a 28-week no-contact follow-up. Community-dwelling older adults underwent a thrice -weekly, Multiple-Modality exercise and Mind-Motor (M4) training or Multiple-Modality (M2) exercise with an active control intervention (balance, range of motion and breathing exercises)...
December 17, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250279/baseline-demographics-safety-and-patient-acceptance-of-an-insertable-cardiac-monitor-for-atrial-fibrillation-screening-the-reveal-af-study
#15
Sergio Conti, James A Reiffel, Bernard J Gersh, Peter R Kowey, Rolf Wachter, Jonathan L Halperin, Rachelle E Kaplon, Erika Pouliot, Atul Verma
Given the high prevalence and risk of stroke associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), detection strategies have important public health implications. The ongoing prospective, single-arm, open-label, multicenter REVEAL AF trial is evaluating the incidence of previously undetected AF using an insertable cardiac monitor (ICM) in patients without prior AF or device implantation, but who could be at risk for AF due to their demographic characteristics, +/- non-specific but compatible symptoms. Enrollment required an elevated AF risk profile defined as CHADS2≥3 or CHADS2=2 plus one or more of the following: coronary artery disease, renal impairment, sleep apnea or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
February 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250238/feasibility-and-usability-of-a-mobile-application-to-assess-symptoms-and-affect-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-pilot-study
#16
Hamid Ghanbari, Sardar Ansari, Michael Ghannam, Sangeeta Lathkar-Pradhan, Anna Kratz, Hakan Oral, Kayvan Najarian, Daniel Clauw, Brahmajee Nallamothu
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent arrhythmia leading to hospital admissions. The majority of patients with AF report symptoms that are believed to be associated with the arrhythmia. The symptoms related to AF traditionally are collected during a clinic visit that is influenced by biases associated with recalling the experience over a limited period of time. Purpose: We designed this pilot study to assess the usability and feasibility of a mobile application to assess symptoms in patients with AF...
August 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248433/physiotherapy-breathing-retraining-for-asthma-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Anne Bruton, Amanda Lee, Lucy Yardley, James Raftery, Emily Arden-Close, Sarah Kirby, Shihua Zhu, Manimekalai Thiruvothiyur, Frances Webley, Lyn Taylor, Denise Gibson, Guiqing Yao, Mark Stafford-Watson, Jenny Versnel, Michael Moore, Steve George, Paul Little, Ratko Djukanovic, David Price, Ian D Pavord, Stephen T Holgate, Mike Thomas
BACKGROUND: Despite effective pharmacotherapy, asthma continues to impair quality of life for most patients. Non-pharmacological approaches, including breathing retraining, are therefore of great interest to patients. However, clinicians rarely advocate breathing retraining and access to this intervention is restricted for most patients due to the limited availability of suitable physiotherapists and poor integration of breathing retraining into standard care. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of a digital self-guided breathing retraining intervention...
December 13, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247426/asthma-a-disease-of-how-we-breathe-role-of-breathing-exercises-and-pranayam
#18
Jhuma Sankar, Rashmi Ranjan Das
To describe the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We conducted an updated literature search and retrieved relevant literature on the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We found that the breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama are generally multi-component packaged interventions, and are described as follows: Papworth technique, Buteyko technique, Yoga and/or Pranayam. These techniques primarily modify the pattern of breathing to reduce hyperventilation resulting in normalisation of CO2 level, reduction of bronchospasm and resulting breathlessness...
December 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246284/consumption-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-enriched-diacylglycerol-induces-increase-in-dietary-fat-oxidation-compared-with-alpha-linolenic-acid-enriched-triacylglycerol-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#19
Yasutoshi Ando, Shinichiro Saito, Hirona Miura, Noriko Osaki, Yoshihisa Katsuragi
Fat metabolism is an important consideration in obesity. Alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diacylglycerol (ALA-DAG), which mainly occurs as ALA esterifies to 1,3-diacyl-sn-glycerol (1,3-DAG), has beneficial effects on fat metabolism and body weight compared with triacylglycerol (TAG). Moreover, compared with ALA-TAG, ALA-DAG enhances β-oxidation activity in the small intestine and liver in rodents. We hypothesized that ALA-DAG consumption may increase dietary fat oxidation compared with ALA-TAG in humans. To examine this hypothesis, we conducted a randomized double-blind cross-over trial in 17 normal and moderately obese men and women (BMI: 25...
December 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244782/efficacy-of-blunt-force-trauma-a-novel-mechanical-cervical-dislocation-device-and-a-non-penetrating-captive-bolt-device-for-on-farm-euthanasia-of-pre-weaned-kits-growers-and-adult-commercial-meat-rabbits
#20
Jessica L Walsh, Aaron Percival, Patricia V Turner
The commercial meat rabbit industry is without validated on-farm euthanasia methods, potentially resulting in inadequate euthanasia protocols. We evaluated blunt force trauma (BFT), a mechanical cervical dislocation device (MCD), and a non-penetrating captive bolt device (NPCB) for euthanasia of pre-weaned kits, growers, and adult rabbits. Trials were conducted on three commercial meat rabbit farms using 170 cull rabbits. Insensibility was assessed by evaluating absence of brainstem and spinal reflexes, rhythmic breathing, and vocalizations...
December 15, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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