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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640576/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-on-insomnia-and-other-common-symptoms-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia
#1
Lisa Blackburn, Sara Achor, Betty Allen, Nicole Bauchmire, Danielle Dunnington, Rebecca Klisovic, Steven Naber, Kirsten Roblee, Angela Samczak, Kelly Tomlinson-Pinkham, Esther Chipps
Purpose/Objectives: To determine if the use of aromatherapy improves insomnia and other common symptoms in hospitalized patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Design: A randomized, crossover, washout trial. Setting: An inpatient acute leukemia unit at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard L. Solove Research Institute of the Wexner Medical Center at Ohio State University in Columbus. Sample: 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with acute leukemia and hospitalized to receive their initial four weeks of intensive induction chemotherapy...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640124/comparison-of-the-temperature-and-humidity-in-the-anesthetic-breathing-circuit-among-different-anesthetic-workstations-updated-guidelines-for-reporting-parallel-group-randomized-trials
#2
Yoon Ji Choi, Sam Hong Min, Jeong Jun Park, Jang Eun Cho, Seung Zhoo Yoon, Suk Min Yoon
BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing general anesthesia, adequate warming and humidification of the inspired gases is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in the heat and moisture content of the inspired gases with low-flow anesthesia using 4 different anesthesia machines. METHODS: The patients were divided into 11 groups according to the anesthesia machine used (Ohmeda, Excel; Avance; Dräger, Cato; and Primus) and the fresh gas flow (FGF) rate (0...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638587/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-alopecia-areata-a-study-in-iranian-population
#3
Elham Behrangi, Parvin Mansouri, Shahram Agah, Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani, Marjan Mokhtare, Zahra Azizi, Mona Ramezani Ghamsari, Masoumeh Rohani Nasab, Zahra Azizian
BACKGROUND Alopecia areata is an immune mediated inflammatory hair loss, which occurs in all ethnic and age groups, and both sexes. However no significant etiology has been known for this disease. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) , is an organism colonized in gastric mucosa. This bacterium has been associated with certain extra-digestive dermatological conditions. The causal relationship between alopecia areata and H. pylori infection has been discussed in literature. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the prevalence of H...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638586/clarithromycin-versus-gemifloxacin-in-quadruple-therapeutic-regimens-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-eradication
#4
Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Zahra Pedarpour, Afshin Shafaghi, Farahnaz Joukar
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a major casual factor in any peptic diseases. Clarithromycin as one of the drugs recommended for the infection eradication regimen has shown different levels of resistance. The present study is comparing the effectiveness of clarithromycin- and gemifloxacin - based quadruple regimens in H. pylori eradication. METHODS This was a prospective double blind randomized clinical trial on patients with clear indication of H. pylori eradication. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: "BPAC group" treated with bismuth subcitrate (240 mg), pantoprazole (20 mg), amoxicillin (1 gr), and clarithromycin (500 mg), all twice daily, and the "BPAG group" treated with bismuth subcitrate, pantoprazole, and amoxicillin with same doses as "BPAC group" and gemifloxacin (320 mg daily) all for 10 days...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#5
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633671/preliminary-safety-and-efficacy-profile-of-prucalopride-in-the-treatment-of-systemic-sclerosis-ssc-related-intestinal-involvement-results-from-the-open-label-cross-over-progass-study
#6
Barbara Vigone, Monica Caronni, Adriana Severino, Chiara Bellocchi, Anna Rita Baldassarri, Mirella Fraquelli, Gaia Montanelli, Alessandro Santaniello, Lorenzo Beretta
BACKGROUND: Prokinetics are used to treat enteric dismotility symptoms in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, but they often lack adequate efficacy. The most effective prokinetics belonging to the serotonin (5-HT4) receptor agonists class were withdrawn due to cardiac toxicity in relation to modest 5-HT4 receptor affinity. Prucalopride is a high-affinity 5-HT4 receptor agonist with no major cardiac issues, for which the efficacy in SSc has not yet been assessed. METHODS: Forty patients with self-reported mild to moderately severe enteric symptoms were enrolled in a cross-over 2 × 2 study...
June 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632529/respiratory-system-mechanics-during-low-versus-high-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-in-open-abdominal-surgery-a-substudy-of-provhilo-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Davide D'Antini, Robert Huhle, Jacob Herrmann, Demet S Sulemanji, Jun Oto, Pasquale Raimondo, Lucia Mirabella, Sabrine N T Hemmes, Marcus J Schultz, Paolo Pelosi, David W Kaczka, Marcos Francisco Vidal Melo, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Gilda Cinnella
BACKGROUND: In the 2014 PROtective Ventilation using HIgh versus LOw positive end-expiratory pressure (PROVHILO) trial, intraoperative low tidal volume ventilation with high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP = 12 cm H2O) and lung recruitment maneuvers did not decrease postoperative pulmonary complications when compared to low PEEP (0-2 cm H2O) approach without recruitment breaths. However, effects of intraoperative PEEP on lung compliance remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that higher PEEP leads to a dominance of intratidal overdistension, whereas lower PEEP results in intratidal recruitment/derecruitment (R/D)...
June 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631342/efficacy-of-a-high-observation-protocol-in-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-study
#8
Brittany Barber, Jeffrey Harris, Cameron Shillington, Shannon Rychlik, Joseph Dort, Michael Meier, Angela Estey, Adam Elwi, Patty Wickson, Michael Buss, David Zygun, Kal Ansari, Vincent Biron, Daniel O'Connell, Hadi Seikaly
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to optimize an existing clinical care pathway (CCP) for head and neck cancer with a high-observation protocol (HOP) and to determine the effect on length of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and length of stay in hospital (LOS). METHODS: The HOP mandated initiation of spontaneous breathing trials before the conclusion of the surgery, weaning of sedation, and limiting mechanical ventilation. All patients with head and neck cancer undergoing primary surgery on the HOP were compared to a historical cohort regarding length of ICU admission, ICU readmissions, and LOS...
June 20, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629514/erythropoietin-mediated-regulation-of-central-respiratory-command
#9
Tommy Seaborn, Céline Caravagna
Erythropoietin (Epo) is a cytokine expressed throughout the body, including in the central nervous system where it can act as a breathing modulator in the central respiratory network. In vitro, Epo allows maintaining the activity of respiratory neurons during acute hypoxia, resulting in inhibition of the hypoxia-induced rhythm depression. In vivo, Epo action on the central respiratory command results in enhancement of the acute hypoxic ventilatory response, allowing a better oxygenation of the body by improvement of gases exchanges in the lungs...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626902/haemophilus-influenzae-oral-vaccination-for-preventing-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
REVIEW
Edward Teo, Kathleen Lockhart, Sai Navya Purchuri, Jennifer Pushparajah, Allan W Cripps, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are serious conditions in which patients are predisposed to viral and bacterial infections resulting in potentially fatal acute exacerbations. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is defined as a lung disease characterised by obstruction to lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing. Antibiotic therapy has not been particularly useful in eradicating bacteria such as non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) because they are naturally occurring flora of the upper respiratory tract in many people...
June 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623885/monitoring-the-electric-activity-of-the-diaphragm-during-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-a-case-report
#11
Fabia Diniz-Silva, Anna Miethke-Morais, Adriano M Alencar, Henrique T Moriya, Pedro Caruso, Eduardo L V Costa, Juliana C Ferreira
BACKGROUND: In patients with post-extubation respiratory distress, delayed reintubation may worsen clinical outcomes. Objective measures of extubation failure at the bedside are lacking, therefore clinical parameters are currently used to guide the need of reintubation. Electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) provides clinicians with valuable, objective information about respiratory drive and could be used to monitor respiratory effort. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), from whom we recorded EAdi during four different ventilatory conditions: 1) invasive mechanical ventilation, 2) spontaneous breathing trial (SBT), 3) unassisted spontaneous breathing, and 4) Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623500/contribution-of-the-nasal-passage-to-face-mask-ventilation-a-prospective-blinded-randomized-crossover-trial
#12
Tomoki Yamasaki, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Haruki Kido, Toshiaki Minami
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the nasal passage plays an important role in manual face mask ventilation, but this has yet to be quantitatively assessed. We conducted a prospective randomized crossover clinical trial to compare the change in pressure-controlled face mask tidal volume with and without nasal airway occlusion. METHOD: Female patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia served as study subjects. Patients were randomly assigned to face mask ventilation beginning either with or without nasal passage occlusion (achieved with a swimmer's nose clip), followed by removal or application of the nose clip, respectively...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622081/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-professional-women-football-players-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#13
Bruno Archiza, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso, José Carlos Bonjorno, Cláudio Ricardo de Oliveira, Paula Angélica Ricci, André Capaldo do Amaral, Stela Márcia Mattiello, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Shane A Phillips, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
This study was conducted to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory and peripheral muscles oxygenation during a maximal exercise tolerance test and on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) performance in professional women football players. Eighteen athletes were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: SHAM (n = 8) or IMT (n = 10). After a maximal incremental exercise test, all participants performed (on a different day) a time-to-exhaustion (Tlim) test. Peripheral and respiratory muscles oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy, breath-by-breath ventilatory and metabolic variables, and blood lactate concentration were measured...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615966/acute-physiological-and-electrical-accentuation-of-vagal-tone-has-no-effect-on-pain-or-gastrointestinal-motility-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#14
Jacob Juel, Christina Brock, Søren S Olesen, Adnan Madzak, Adam D Farmer, Qasim Aziz, Jens B Frøkjær, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes
BACKGROUND: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606907/first-line-support-for-assistance-in-breathing-in-children-first-abc-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-feasibility-trial-of-non-invasive-respiratory-support-in-critically-ill-children
#15
Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Paula Lister, Troy Dominguez, Parviz Habibi, Naomi Edmonds, Ruth Canter, Paul Mouncey, Mark J Peters
INTRODUCTION: Over 18 000 children are admitted annually to UK paediatric intensive care units (PICUs), of whom nearly 75% receive respiratory support (invasive and/or non-invasive). Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has traditionally been used to provide first-line non-invasive respiratory support (NRS) in PICUs; however, high-flow nasal cannula therapy (HFNC), a novel mode of NRS, has recently gained popularity despite the lack of high-quality trial evidence to support its effectiveness...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605043/typical-angina-is-associated-with-greater-coronary-endothelial-dysfunction-but-not-abnormal-vasodilatory-reserve
#16
Ahmed AlBadri, Derek Leong, C Noel Bairey Merz, Janet Wei, Eileen M Handberg, Chrisandra L Shufelt, Puja K Mehta, Michael D Nelson, Louise E Thomson, Daniel S Berman, Leslee J Shaw, Galen Cook-Wiens, Carl J Pepine
BACKGROUND: Typical angina (TA) is defined as substernal chest pain precipitated by physical exertion or emotional stress and relieved with rest or nitroglycerin. Women and elderly patients are usually have atypical symptoms both at rest and during stress, often in the setting of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). HYPOTHESIS: To further understand this, we performed subgroup analysis comparing subjects who presented with TA vs nontypical angina (NTA) using baseline data of patients with nonobstructive CAD and coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) enrolled in a clinical trial...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601264/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Onlak Makdee, Apichaya Monsomboon, Usapan Surabenjawong, Nattakarn Praphruetkit, Wansiri Chaisirin, Tipa Chakorn, Chairat Permpikul, Phakphoom Thiravit, Tanyaporn Nakornchai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: High-flow nasal cannula is a new method for delivering high-flow supplemental oxygen for victims of respiratory failure. This randomized controlled trial compares high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in emergency department (ED) patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized controlled trial in the ED of Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Patients aged 18 years or older with cardiogenic pulmonary edema were randomly assigned to receive either conventional oxygen therapy or high-flow nasal cannula...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598405/design-and-validation-of-a-breathing-detection-system-for-scuba-divers
#18
Corentin Altepe, S Murat Egi, Tamer Ozyigit, D Ruzgar Sinoplu, Alessandro Marroni, Paola Pierleoni
Drowning is the major cause of death in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving. This study proposes an embedded system with a live and light-weight algorithm which detects the breathing of divers through the analysis of the intermediate pressure (IP) signal of the SCUBA regulator. A system composed mainly of two pressure sensors and a low-power microcontroller was designed and programmed to record the pressure sensors signals and provide alarms in absence of breathing. An algorithm was developed to analyze the signals and identify inhalation events of the diver...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592515/intragastric-lysine-lowers-the-circulating-glucose-and-insulin-responses-to-a-mixed-nutrient-drink-without-slowing-gastric-emptying-in-healthy-adults
#19
Sina S Ullrich, Penelope Ce Fitzgerald, Iris Nkamba, Robert E Steinert, Michael Horowitz, Christine Feinle-Bisset
Background: Lysine is reported to lower the glycemic response to oral glucose in humans and, albeit at high loads, to slow gastric emptying of glucose and decrease food intake in rats.Objective: We investigated the effects of intragastrically administered lysine on early (15 min) and later (60 min) blood glucose and insulin responses to and gastric emptying of a mixed-nutrient drink, and effects on subsequent energy intake.Methods: Twelve healthy volunteers (7 men and 5 women; mean ± SEM age: 24 ± 2 y) received intragastric infusions (200 mL) containing 5 or 10 g l-lysine or a control solution within 2 min on 3 different occasions in randomized order...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590549/association-between-breast-feeding-and-paediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Cecilia Ponce-Garcia, Ivonne Angelica Hernandez, Paul Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
BACKGROUND: Breast feeding has been suggested as a potential protective factor against childhood snoring and sleep disordered breathing (SDB). SDB can have major health consequences. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise the available literature concerning any potential association between infant feeding methods and SDB in young children. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched. All searches were inclusive until August 5, 2016. Two authors independently reviewed potentially relevant articles for eligibility...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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