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Urinary tract infection elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622967/new-markers-of-urinary-tract-infection
#1
REVIEW
Anna Masajtis-Zagajewska, Michal Nowicki
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection independent of age. It is also one of the most common causes of hospitalizations for infections among elderly people and the most common indication for antibiotic prescriptions in primary care. Both diagnostics and management of lower and upper urinary tract infections provide challenges in clinical practice due to their high prevalence and recurrence, and worldwide increase of antibiotic resistance. The clinical symptoms of UTI are often uncharacteristic or asymptomatic...
June 13, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621029/urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-underestimated-event
#2
Christopher Bliemel, Benjamin Buecking, Juliana Hack, Rene Aigner, Daphne-Asimenia Eschbach, Steffen Ruchholtz, Ludwig Oberkircher
AIM: Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent a common perioperative complication among elderly patients with hip fracture. To determine the impact of UTI on the perioperative course of elderly patients with hip fractures, a prospective study was carried out. METHODS: A total of 402 surgically-treated geriatric hip fracture patients were consecutively enrolled at a level 1 trauma center. On admission, all patients received an indwelling urinary catheter. Clinically symptomatic patients were screened more closely for UTI...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605563/the-contribution-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-virulence-factors-and-host-factors-in-the-establishment-of-urinary-tract-infections
#3
J W Newman, R V Floyd, J L Fothergill
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause complicated urinary tract infections, particularly in people with catheters, which can lead to pyelonephritis. Whilst some subgroups appear more susceptible to infection, such as the elderly and women, the contribution of other host factors and bacterial virulence factors to successful infection remains relatively understudied. In this review, we explore the potential role of P. aeruginosa virulence factors including phenazines, quorum sensing, biofilm formation, and siderophores along with host factors such as Tamm-Horsfall protein, osmotic stress and iron specifically on establishment of successful infection in the urinary niche...
June 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600113/non-typhi-salmonella-enterica-urinary-tract-infections
#4
G Mellon, C Delanoe, A L Roux, B Heym, O Dubourg, P Hardy, B Chevallier, C Perronne, E Rouveix, J Salomon
OBJECTIVE: Non-typhi Salmonella enterica urinary tract infections (UTIs) are not frequent and rarely reported in the literature. We aimed to characterize clinical presentations and risk factors for the infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of non-typhi Salmonella enterica strains isolated from urine cytobacteriological examinations (UCBE) collected between January 1, 1996 and October 30, 2014 and analyzed by the microbiology laboratories of the university hospitals of the western part of Île-de-France and of Paris, France...
June 6, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585886/clinical-indications-for-antibiotic-use-in-danish-general-practice-results-from-a-nationwide-electronic-prescription-database
#5
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Volkert Siersma, Lars Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability and applicability of clinical indications from electronic prescriptions on antibiotic use in Danish general practice. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort register-based study including the Danish National Prescription Register. SETTING: Population-based study of routine electronic antibiotic prescriptions from Danish general practice. SUBJECTS: All 975,626 patients who redeemed an antibiotic prescription at outpatient pharmacies during the 1-year study period (July 2012 to June 2013)...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583528/human-polyomavirus-is-associated-with-earlier-onset-of-upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-in-patients-after-kidney-transplantation
#6
H L Luo, Y T Chen, S C Huang, T C Chen, P H Chiang, S S Lin, Y T Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Polyomavirus has been reported to be oncogenic due to viral integration into the human genome. A relatively high prevalence of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) was noted after kidney transplantation (KT) in Taiwan. However, little was known about the impact of polyomavirus on the urothelial cancer behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of polyomavirus-related UTUC after KT. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, 27 patients were found to have UTUCs after KT...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571186/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-type-2-diabetics-aged-over-60-years
#7
Sadhna Sharma, Biju Govind, Sujeet Kumar Naidu, Srinivas Kinjarapu, Mohammed Rasool
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections are frequently encountered among diabetic patients and the incidence rate increases with age. There have been growing research to identify the clinical profile of urinary tract infections in diabetic patients. However, such studies on elderly patients are rare. AIM: To determine the risk factors, clinical/laboratory profiles, causative organisms and antimicrobial susceptibilities in type 2 diabetics aged over 60 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective single centre study was conducted at NRI Medical College and General Hospital, Guntur, India, between November 2012 and November 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567296/thyrotoxicosis-leading-to-adrenal-crises-reveals-primary-bilateral-adrenal-lymphoma
#8
Catarina Roque, Ricardo Fonseca, Carlos Tavares Bello, Carlos Vasconcelos, António Galzerano, Sância Ramos
Primary adrenal lymphoma is a rare malignancy. It frequently presents bilaterally and with symptoms of adrenal insufficiency. Amiodarone may induce secondary organ dysfunction, and thyrotoxicosis develops in 15% of cases. The symptomatology of both conditions is nonspecific, especially in the elderly, and a high suspicion index is necessary for appropriate diagnosis. A 78-year-old female presented to the emergency department with confusion, nausea and vomiting. She had recently been to the emergency department with urinary tract infection, vomiting and acute hypochloremic hyponatremia...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567215/comparison-of-postoperative-infection-related-complications-between-cemented-and-cementless-hemiarthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-a-meta-analysis
#9
Byung-Ho Yoon, Jeong Gook Seo, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to assess the risk of infection-related complications following cemented and cementless hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for published randomized clinical trials comparing cemented hemiarthroplasty with cementless hemiarthroplasty in patients with a femoral neck fracture and more than 65 years of age. Eight randomized controlled trials were available for analysis...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561794/antibiotic-resistance-and-virulence-phenotypes-of-recent-bacterial-strains-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infections-in-elderly-patients-with-prostatic-disease
#10
Cristina Delcaru, Paulina Podgoreanu, Ionela Alexandru, Nela Popescu, Luminiţa Măruţescu, Coralia Bleotu, George Dan Mogoşanu, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Marinela Gluck, Veronica Lazăr
Acute bacterial prostatitis is one of the frequent complications of urinary tract infection (UTI). From the approximately 10% of men having prostatitis, 7% experience a bacterial prostatitis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of uropathogens associated with UTIs in older patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and to assess their susceptibility to commonly prescribed antibiotics as well as the relationships between microbial virulence and resistance features. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli was found to be the most frequent bacterial strain isolated from patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, followed by Enterococcus spp...
May 31, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546233/a-case-of-confusion-paraneoplastic-encephalomyelitis-in-an-elderly-patient-suspected-of-having-urinary-tract-infection-associated-delirium
#11
Chris McKinnon, Simmie Manchanda
Acute confusion is a common symptom of physical illness in the older patient. In the majority, it is transient and resolves on treatment of precipitants. In a subset of patients, however, neurological decline is progressive, raising concern about a serious underlying cause. We describe the case of a 71-year-old woman who developed progressive cognitive impairment following insertion of a permanent pacemaker for sinoatrial arrests. An initial diagnosis of delirium secondary to a urinary tract infection was suspected; however, the patient became increasingly confused despite treatment...
May 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542707/-urinary-tract-infection-requiem-for-a-heavyweight
#12
Thomas E Finucane
"Urinary tract infection" ("UTI") is an ambiguous, expansive, overused diagnosis that can lead to marked, harmful antibiotic overtreatment. "Significant bacteriuria," central to most definitions of "UTI," has little significance in identifying individuals who will benefit from treatment. "Urinary symptoms" are similarly uninformative. Neither criterion is well defined. Bacteriuria and symptoms remit and recur spontaneously. Treatment is standard for acute uncomplicated cystitis and common for asymptomatic bacteriuria, but definite benefits are few...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540112/comparison-of-postoperative-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-with-a-do-not-resuscitate-order-undergoing-elective-and-nonelective-hip-surgery
#13
Anair Beverly, Ethan Y Brovman, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE: Emergency hip surgery generally has worse outcomes than elective hip surgery, even when adjusted for patient and surgical factors. Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status patients are typically at higher perioperative risk and undergo a narrow range of surgical procedures. We aimed to compare the outcomes after hip surgery of differing degrees of urgency in this cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data, we conducted univariate and multivariate analyses comparing outcomes of DNR status patients after emergency and nonemergency hip surgery (2007-2013)...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526270/risk-factors-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-geriatric-hospitals
#14
R Girard, S Gaujard, V Pergay, P Pornon, G Martin-Gaujard, L Bourguignon
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent nosocomial infection in geriatric units. An understanding of risk factors for infection may help to identify prevention strategies. AIM: Identification of the risk factors for UTI in elderly patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of three prospective cohorts. All hospitalized patients present in, or admitted to, a geriatric unit from June 1st to June 28th, for the years 2009, 2012, and 2015 were included and followed until discharge or until June 30th of the year concerned...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513811/an-initially-unidentified-case-of-urinary-tract-infection-due-to-aerococcus-urinae
#15
Georgios Meletis, Dimitrios Chatzidimitriou, Fani Tsingerlioti, Fani Chatzopoulou, Georgios Tzimagiorgis
Aerococcus urinae is a microorganism responsible for urinary tract and blood stream infections which are rarely reported in clinical practice. However, it has been proposed that the infrequency of such reports may be partially due to difficulties related to pathogen identification. We present here a case of an elderly male patient with urinary tract infection where A. urinae was initially not identified by a private microbiology laboratory. Our report highlights the need to consider A. urinae as a causative agent of urinary tract infections because if not identified and properly treated it may lead to endocarditis or septicemia...
May 17, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508966/recurrent-purple-urine-bag-syndrome-presenting-with-full-spectrum-of-disease-severity-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Junzhi Lin, Martha Hlafka, Omar Vargas, Mukul Bhattarai
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is a unique phenomenon characterized by purple discoloration of the urinary catheter bag and tubing following urinary catheterization lasting for hours to days. The purple discoloration is a mixture of indirubin dissolved in plastic with indigo on its surface. PUBS is most commonly associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by bacteria with indoxyl phosphatase/sulfatase activity. It occurs predominantly in chronically catheterized, constipated elderly female patients...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486675/short-course-versus-long-course-oral-antibiotic-treatment-for-infections-treated-in-outpatient-settings-a-review-of-systematic-reviews
#17
Elizabeth E Dawson-Hahn, Sharon Mickan, Igho Onakpoya, Nia Roberts, Matthew Kronman, Chris C Butler, Matthew J Thompson
Purpose.: To summarize the evidence comparing the effectiveness of short and long courses of oral antibiotics for infections treated in outpatient settings. Methods.: We identified systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials for children and adults with bacterial infections treated in outpatient settings from Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and The Database of Review of Effects. Data were extracted on the primary outcome of clinical resolution and secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470415/perioperative-complications-following-colpocleisis-with-and-without-concomitant-vaginal-hysterectomy
#18
Katarzyna Bochenska, Alix Leader-Cramer, Margaret Mueller, Bhumy Davé, Alexandria Alverdy, Kimberly Kenton
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse is common in the elderly population and may be surgically treated with colpocleisis. We aimed to identify and compare surgical characteristics and 30-day perioperative complications in patients who underwent colpocleisis with and without concomitant vaginal hysterectomy (VH) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. METHODS: Women who underwent vaginal closure procedures from 2006 to 2014 were identified utilizing Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for LeFort colpocleisis (57120) and vaginectomy (57110)...
May 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465007/a-comparison-of-treatment-setting-for-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-is-the-geriatric-ward-superior-to-conventional-orthopedic-hospitalization
#19
Tal Frenkel Rutenberg, Efrat Daglan, Snir Heller, Steven Velkes
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures in the elderly are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The treatment settings of these patients may change their outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of patients with displaced femoral neck fractures who were admitted to the orthopedic vs. geriatric wards. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 217 consecutive older patients with 219 displaced femoral neck fractures admitted either to the orthopedic or the geriatric ward between Jan...
April 25, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457090/clinical-and-microbiological-outcomes-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-elderly-stroke-patients
#20
Efraim Aizen, Bela Shifrin, Inna Shugaev, Israel Potasman
BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to the evaluation of asymptomatic bacteruria in stroke patients is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To compare elderly patients after an acute stroke with and without asymptomatic bacteriuria for the development of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTI). METHODS: We prospectively monitored patients over 65 years of age admitted to our rehabilitation hospital after an acute stroke, with and without asymptomatic bacteriuria, for the development of symptomatic UTIs...
March 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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