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Innate memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770140/seventeen-year-journey-working-with-a-master
#1
Jinfang Zhu
It had been a great honor for me to work with the late Dr. William E. Paul for 17 years in the Laboratory of Immunology (LI) from 1998 until his passing in 2015. He was such a master in the immunology field. Under his outstanding guidance, my research has been focusing on transcriptional regulation of T helper (Th) cell differentiation, especially, on the role of a master transcription factor GATA3 during Th2 cell differentiation. Just as enormous scientific contributions of Dr. Paul (we all call him Bill) to the immunology community are far beyond his serving as the Chief of the LI, GATA3 also plays important roles in different lymphocytes at various developmental stages besides its critical functions in Th2 cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769448/tlr-adjuvanted-nanoparticle-vaccines-differentially-influence-the-quality-and-longevity-of-responses-to-malaria-antigen-pfs25
#2
Elizabeth A Thompson, Sebastian Ols, Kazutoyo Miura, Kelly Rausch, David L Narum, Mats Spångberg, Michal Juraska, Ulrike Wille-Reece, Amy Weiner, Randall F Howard, Carole A Long, Patrick E Duffy, Lloyd Johnston, Conlin P O'Neil, Karin Loré
Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) are considered an integral element of malaria eradication efforts. Despite promising evaluations of Plasmodium falciparum Pfs25-based TBVs in mice, clinical trials have failed to induce robust and long-lived Ab titers, in part due to the poorly immunogenic nature of Pfs25. Using nonhuman primates, we demonstrate that multiple aspects of Pfs25 immunity were enhanced by antigen encapsulation in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based [(PLGA)-based] synthetic vaccine particles (SVP[Pfs25]) and potent TLR-based adjuvants...
May 17, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768172/trained-microglia-trigger-memory-loss
#3
Iva Lelios, Melanie Greter
Innate immune training is a recently described mechanism that allows innate cells to recollect a previous inflammatory episode. In a recent issue of Nature, Wendeln et al. (2018) show that peripheral inflammation can alter long-term microglia function, influencing neuropathology later in life.
May 15, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758330/human-liver-infiltrating-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-are-composed-of-clonally-expanded-circulating-and-tissue-resident-populations
#4
Stuart Hunter, Carrie Willcox, Martin Davey, Sofya Kasatskaya, Hannah Jeffery, Dmitriy Chudakov, Ye Oo, Benjamin Willcox
BACKGROUND & AIM: γδ T-cells comprise a substantial proportion of tissue-associated lymphocytes. However, our current understanding of human γδ T-cells is primarily based on peripheral blood subsets, while the immunobiology of tissue-associated subsets remains largely unclear. METHODS: To address this, we characterised the TCR diversity, immunophenotype and function of human liver infiltrating γδ T-cells, focussing on the predominant tissue-associated Vδ2neg γδ subset, which is implicated in liver immunopathology...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755464/oncolytic-viral-therapy-and-the-immune-system-a-double-edged-sword-against-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Giulia Marelli, Anwen Howells, Nicholas R Lemoine, Yaohe Wang
Oncolytic viral therapy is a new promising strategy against cancer. Oncolytic viruses (OVs) can replicate in cancer cells but not in normal cells, leading to lysis of the tumor mass. Beside this primary effect, OVs can also stimulate the immune system. Tumors are an immuno-suppressive environment in which the immune system is silenced in order to avoid the immune response against cancer cells. The delivery of OVs into the tumor wakes up the immune system so that it can facilitate a strong and durable response against the tumor itself...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735644/invariant-nkt-cells-and-control-of-the-thymus-medulla
#6
REVIEW
Andrea J White, Beth Lucas, William E Jenkinson, Graham Anderson
Most αβ T cells that form in the thymus are generated during mainstream conventional thymocyte development and involve the generation and selection of a diverse αβ TCR repertoire that recognizes self-peptide/MHC complexes. Additionally, the thymus also supports the production of T cell subsets that express αβ TCRs but display unique developmental and functional features distinct from conventional αβ T cells. These include multiple lineages of CD1d-restricted invariant NKT (iNKT) cells that express an invariant αβ TCR, branch off from mainstream thymocytes at the CD4+ CD8+ stage, and are potent producers of polarizing cytokines...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731754/the-emerging-complexity-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t17-cells
#7
REVIEW
Duncan R McKenzie, Iain Comerford, Bruno Silva-Santos, Shaun R McColl
Preprogrammed IL-17-producing γδ T cells constitute a poorly understood class of lymphocytes that express rearranged antigen receptors but appear to make little use of them. γδT17 cells were first characterized as tissue-resident sentinels with innate effector function. However, ongoing research continues to reveal unexpected complexity to this unusual subset, including phenotypic plasticity, memory-like activity and unique migratory behavior. Despite these advances, at the core of γδT17 cell biology remain fundamental gaps in knowledge: Are γδT17 cells truly innate or has the importance of the T cell receptor been overlooked? How unique are they among IL-17-producing lymphocytes? How similar are these cells between mice and humans? We speculate that answering these unresolved questions is key to successful manipulation of γδ T cells in clinical settings...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729109/stroma-the-forgotten-cells-of-innate-immune-memory
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Crowley, Christopher D Buckley, Andrew R Clark
All organisms are constantly exposed to a variety of infectious and injurious stimuli. These induce inflammatory responses tailored to the threat posed. Whilst the innate immune system is the front line of response to each stimulant, it has been traditionally considered to lack memory, acting in a generic fashion until the adaptive immune arm can take over. This outmoded simplification of the roles of innate and acquired arms of the immune system has been challenged by evidence of myeloid cells altering their response to subsequent encounters based on earlier exposure...
May 5, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725331/innate-immune-memory-time-for-adopting-a-correct-terminology
#9
Diana Boraschi, Paola Italiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716792/remembering-pathogen-dose-long-term-adaptation-in-innate-immunity
#10
REVIEW
Michael Bauer, Sebastian Weis, Mihai G Netea, Reinhard Wetzker
Recent investigations reveal memory-like adaptive responses of the innate immune system to sequential pathogen challenge. Of note, opposing effects that include both sensitization ('training') and desensitization ('tolerance') have been reported. While hitherto the nature of the pathogen was thought to be of prime importance, we propose that pathogen dose plays a key role in determining these opposing effects. Within this concept, training and tolerance of innate immune cells emerge as adaptive responses to increasing pathogen load...
April 28, 2018: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703840/transcription-factor-id2-prevents-e-proteins-from-enforcing-a-na%C3%A3-ve-t-lymphocyte-gene-program-during-nk-cell-development
#11
Erin C Zook, Zhong-Yin Li, Yiying Xu, Renée F de Pooter, Mihalis Verykokakis, Aimee Beaulieu, Anna Lasorella, Mark Maienschein-Cline, Joseph C Sun, Mikael Sigvardsson, Barbara L Kee
All innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) require the small helix-loop-helix transcription factor ID2, but the functions of ID2 are not well understood in these cells. We show that mature natural killer (NK) cells, the prototypic ILCs, developed in mice lacking ID2 but remained as precursor CD27+ CD11b- cells that failed to differentiate into CD27- CD11b+ cytotoxic effectors. We show that ID2 limited chromatin accessibility at E protein binding sites near naïve T lymphocyte-associated genes including multiple chemokine receptors, cytokine receptors, and signaling molecules and altered the NK cell response to inflammatory cytokines...
April 27, 2018: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685950/contribution-of-the-immune-response-to-phage-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Oleg Krut, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding
Therapeutic phages are being employed for vaccination and treatment of cancer and bacterial infections. Their natural immunogenicity triggers intertwined interactions with innate and adaptive immune cells that might influence therapy. Phage- and bactierial-derived pathogen-associated molecular patterns released after bacterial lysis have been proposed to stimulate local innate immune responses, which could promote antitumor immunity or bacterial clearance. Conversely, immunogenicity of phages induces phage-specific humoral memory, which can hamper therapeutic success...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679556/a-novel-smac-mimetic-apg-1387-exhibited-dual-antitumor-effect-on-hbv-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-high-expression-of-ciap2-by-inducing-apoptosis-and-enhancing-innate-anti-tumor-immunity
#13
Wentao Pan, Qiuyun Luo, Xianglei Yan, Luping Yuan, Hanjie Yi, Lin Zhang, Baoxia Li, Yuxin Zhang, Jian Sun, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Da-Jun Yang
Check point inhibitor anti-PD1 antibody produced some efficacy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) patients previously treated with sorafenib. Unfortunately, HCC patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection did not respond as well as uninfected patients. Previously, SMAC mimetics-the antagonist for inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) can rapidly reduce serum hepatitis B virus DNA in animal model. APG-1387 is a novel SMAC-mimetic, small molecule inhibitor targeting inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679311/is-it-possible-to-manipulate-scelionidae-wasps-preference-to-a-target-host
#14
R Tognon, J Sant'Ana, L R Redaelli, A L Meyer
Parasitoid host selection is mainly mediated by chemical cues, which can be adjusted by experience, changing their innate behavior. Therefore, this study evaluated if immature experience (pre-imaginal conditioning) on eggs and volatiles from different host eggs has influence on parasitism and chemotaxic behavior of Telenomus podisi Ashmead and/or Trissolcus basalis Wollaston (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Both wasp species were submitted to a multiple-choice parasitism test among Euschistus heros (Fabricius), Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood), and Nezara viridula L...
April 20, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677387/il13r%C3%AE-2-expression-identifies-tissue-resident-il-22-producing-plzf-innate-t-cells-in-the-human-liver
#15
Dominic Paquin-Proulx, Benjamin C Greenspun, Lise Pasquet, Benedikt Strunz, Soo Aleman, Karolin Falconer, Masaki Terabe, Jay A Berzofsky, Johan K Sandberg, Espen Melum, Douglas F Nixon, Niklas K Björkström
Innate lymphocytes are selectively enriched in the liver where they have important roles in liver immunology. Murine studies have shown that type I NKT cells can promote liver inflammation whereas type II NKT cells have an anti-inflammatory role. In humans, type II NKT cells were found to accumulate in the gut during inflammation and IL13Rα2 was proposed as a marker for these cells. In the human liver, less is known about type I and II NKT cells. Here, we studied the phenotype and function of human liver T cells expressing IL13Rα2...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673549/tau-and-neuroinflammation-what-impact-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-tauopathies
#16
REVIEW
Cyril Laurent, Luc Buée, David Blum
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder and the most common type of dementia (60-80% of cases). In 2016, nearly 44 million people were affected by AD or related dementia. AD is characterized by progressive neuronal damages leading to subtle and latter obvious decline in cognitive functions including symptoms such as memory loss or confusion, which ultimately require full-time medical care. Its neuropathology is defined by the extracellular accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide into amyloid plaques, and intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) consisting of aggregated hyper- and abnormal phosphorylation of tau protein...
February 2018: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670037/expression-and-regulation-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-and-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-receptor-heterocomplex-in-the-innate-adaptive-immunity-of-pediatric-asthma
#17
REVIEW
Sheng-Chieh Lin, Fang-Yi Cheng, Jun-Jen Liu, Yi-Ling Ye
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the airway, and it is characterized by a wheezing breathing sound, variable airflow obstruction and the presence of inflammatory cells in the submucosa of the bronchi. Viral infection, pollutants and sensitivity to aeroallergens damage the epithelium from childhood, which causes asthma. The pathogenesis of asthma includes pathways of innate stimulation by environmental microbes and irritant pathogens. Damaged epithelial cells produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and stimulate myeloid dendritic cell maturation through the thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor (TSLPR) heterocomplex...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664574/innate-immune-memory-an-evolutionary-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Benjamin Gourbal, Silvain Pinaud, Gerold J M Beckers, Jos W M Van Der Meer, Uwe Conrath, Mihai G Netea
Over the last decades, there was increasing evidence for the presence of innate immune memory in living organisms. In this review, we compare the innate immune memory of various organisms with a focus on phylogenetics. We discuss the acquisition and molecular basis of immune memory and we describe the innate immune memory paradigm and its role in host defense during evolution. The molecular characterization of innate immunological memory in diverse organisms and host-parasite systems reconciles mechanisms with phenomena and paves the way to molecular comprehension of innate immune memory...
May 2018: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664572/ilc2-memory-recollection-of-previous-activation
#19
REVIEW
Itziar Martinez-Gonzalez, Maryam Ghaedi, Catherine A Steer, Laura Mathä, Eric Vivier, Fumio Takei
Immunological memory, traditionally thought to belong to T and B cells, has now been extended to innate lymphocytes, including NK cells and ILC2s, myeloid cells such as macrophages, also termed "trained immunity" and more recently to epithelial stem cells. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms underlying memory generation on ILC2s and speculate about their potential role in human allergic diseases, such as asthma. Moreover, we examine the relevance of the spontaneous ILC2 activation in the lung during the neonatal period in order to efficiently respond to stimuli later in life...
May 2018: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664571/tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-in-tissue-homeostasis-persistent-infection-and-cancer-surveillance
#20
REVIEW
Thomas Gebhardt, Umaimainthan Palendira, David C Tscharke, Sammy Bedoui
A large proportion of memory T cells disseminated throughout the body are non-recirculating cells whose maintenance and function is regulated by tissue-specific environmental cues. These sessile cells are referred to as tissue-resident memory T (TRM ) cells and similar populations of non-recirculating cells also exist among unconventional T cells and innate lymphocyte cells. The pool of TRM cells is highly diverse with respect to anatomical positioning, phenotype, molecular regulation and effector function...
May 2018: Immunological Reviews
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