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Innate memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933579/innate-immune-cells-for-immunotherapy-of-autoimmune-and-cancer-disorders
#1
Carolina Schäfer, Gabriel Ascui, Carolina H Ribeiro, Mercedes López, Rafael Prados-Rosales, Pablo A González, Susan M Bueno, Claudia A Riedel, Andrés Baena, Alexis M Kalergis, Leandro J Carreño
Modulation of the immune system has been widely targeted for the treatment of several immune-related diseases, such as autoimmune disorders and cancer, due to its crucial role in these pathologies. Current available therapies focus mainly on symptomatic treatment and are often associated with undesirable secondary effects. For several years, remission of disease and subsequently recovery of immune homeostasis has been a major goal for immunotherapy. Most current immunotherapeutic strategies are aimed to inhibit or potentiate directly the adaptive immune response by modulating antibody production and B cell memory, as well as the effector potential and memory of T cells...
September 21, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931719/innate-colour-preference-individual-learning-and-memory-retention-in-the-ant-camponotus-blandus
#2
Ayse Yilmaz, Adrian G Dyer, Wolfgang Rössler, Johannes Spaethe
Ants are a well-characterized insect model for the study of visual learning and orientation, but the extent to which colour vision is involved in these tasks remains unknown. We investigated the colour preference, learning and memory retention of Camponotus blandus foragers under controlled laboratory conditions. Our results show that C. blandus foragers exhibit a strong innate preference for ultraviolet (UV, 365 nm) over blue (450 nm) and green (528 nm) wavelengths. The ants can learn to discriminate 365 nm from either 528 nm or 450 nm, independent of intensity changes...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930286/molecular-and-cellular-signatures-underlying-superior-immunity-against-bordetella-pertussis-upon-pulmonary-vaccination
#3
R Hm Raeven, J Brummelman, J LA Pennings, L van der Maas, K Helm, W Tilstra, A van der Ark, A Sloots, P van der Ley, W van Eden, W Jiskoot, E van Riet, C Acm van Els, G Fa Kersten, W Gh Han, B Metz
Mucosal immunity is often required for protection against respiratory pathogens but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of induction remain poorly understood. Here, systems vaccinology was used to identify immune signatures after pulmonary or subcutaneous immunization of mice with pertussis outer membrane vesicles. Pulmonary immunization led to improved protection, exclusively induced mucosal immunoglobulin A (IgA) and T helper type 17 (Th17) responses, and in addition evoked elevated systemic immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels, IgG-producing plasma cells, memory B cells, and Th17 cells...
September 20, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926127/recall-features-and-allorecognition-in-innate-immunity
#4
REVIEW
Hirofumi Uehara, Koichiro Minami, Markus Quante, Yeqi Nian, Timm Heinbokel, Haruhito Azuma, Abdala El Khal, Stefan G Tullius
Alloimmunity traditionally distinguishes short-lived, rapid and non-specific innate immune responses from adaptive immune responses that are characterized by a highly specific response initiated in a delayed fashion. Key players of innate immunity such as natural killer (NK) cells and macrophages present the first-line defense of immunity. The concept of unspecific responses in innate immunity has recently been challenged. The discovery of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) has demonstrated that innate immune cells respond in a semi-specific fashion through the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) representing conserved molecular structures shared by large groups of microorganisms...
September 19, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921465/emerging-roles-for-epigenetic-programming-in-the-control-of-inflammatory-signaling-integration-in-heath-and-disease
#5
Yiqun Hu, Feng Yan, Le Ying, Dakang Xu
Macrophages and dendritic cells initiate the innate immune response to infection and injury and contribute to inflammatory signaling to maintain the homeostasis of various tissues, which includes resident macrophages for the elimination of invading microorganisms and tissue damage. Inappropriate inflammatory signaling can lead to persistent inflammation and further develop into autoimmune and inflammation-associated diseases. Inflammatory signaling pathways have been well characterized, but how these signaling pathways are converted into sustained and diverse patterns of expression of cytokines, chemokines, and other genes in response to environmental challenges is unclear...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921463/activation-of-the-innate-immune-receptors-guardians-of-the-micro-galaxy-activation-and-functions-of-the-innate-immune-receptors
#6
Dominic De Nardo
The families of innate immune receptors are the frontline responders to danger. These superheroes of the host immune systems populate innate immune cells, surveying the extracellular environment and the intracellular endolysosomal compartments and cytosol for exogenous and endogenous danger signals. As a collective the innate immune receptors recognise a wide array of stimuli, and in response they initiate specific signalling pathways leading to activation of transcriptional or proteolytic pathways and the production of inflammatory molecules to destroy foreign pathogens and/or resolve tissue injury...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920584/liver-resident-nk-cells-and-their-potential-functions
#7
Hui Peng, Rui Sun
Natural killer (NK) cells represent a heterogeneous population of innate lymphocytes with phenotypically and functionally distinct subsets. In particular, recent studies have identified a unique subset of NK cells residing within the liver that are maintained as tissue-resident cells, confer antigen-specific memory responses and exhibit different phenotypical and developmental characteristics compared with conventional NK (cNK) cells. These findings have encouraged researchers to uncover tissue-resident NK cells at other sites, and detailed analyses have revealed that these tissue-resident NK cells share many similarities with liver-resident NK cells and tissue-resident memory T cells...
September 18, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918040/codon-optimized-p1a-encoding-dna-vaccine-toward-a-therapeutic-vaccination-against-p815-mastocytoma
#8
Alessandra Lopes, Kevin Vanvarenberg, Véronique Préat, Gaëlle Vandermeulen
DNA vaccine can be modified to increase protein production and modulate immune response. To enhance the efficiency of a P815 mastocytoma DNA vaccine, the P1A gene sequence was optimized by substituting specific codons with synonymous ones while modulating the number of CpG motifs. The P815A murine antigen production was increased with codon-optimized plasmids. The number of CpG motifs within the P1A gene sequence modulated the immunogenicity by inducing a local increase in the cytokines involved in innate immunity...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902472/the-mushroom-body-d1-dopamine-receptor-controls-innate-courtship-drive
#9
Junghwa Lim, Ana I Fernandez, Samantha J Hinojos, Gissel P Aranda, Jacqueline James, Chang-Soo Seong, Kyung-An Han
Mating is critical for species survival and is profoundly regulated by neuromodulators and neurohormones to accommodate internal states and external factors. To identify the underlying neuromodulatory mechanisms, we investigated the roles of dopamine receptors in various aspects of courtship behavior in Drosophila. Here we report that the D1 dopamine receptor dDA1 regulates courtship drive in naïve males. The wild-type naïve males actively courted females regardless their appearance or mating status. On the contrary, the dDA1 mutant (dumb) males exhibited substantially reduced courtship toward less appealing females including decapitated, leg-less and mated females...
September 13, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892027/novel-object-recognition-test-for-the-investigation-of-learning-and-memory-in-mice
#10
Lindsay M Lueptow
The object recognition test (ORT) is a commonly used behavioral assay for the investigation of various aspects of learning and memory in mice. The ORT is fairly simple and can be completed over 3 days: habituation day, training day, and testing day. During training, the mouse is allowed to explore 2 identical objects. On test day, one of the training objects is replaced with a novel object. Because mice have an innate preference for novelty, if the mouse recognizes the familiar object, it will spend most of its time at the novel object...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890720/porcine-b-cell-subset-responses-to-toll-like-receptor-ligands
#11
Roman Othmar Braun, Sylvie Python, Artur Summerfield
Toll-like receptors (TLR) triggering of B cells are known to promote B cell expansion, differentiation of B cells into antibody-producing and memory cells, but the TLR responses of porcine B cells is poorly characterized. Therefore, this study investigated the response pattern of porcine B cell subsets to a large collection of TLR ligands and demonstrates that the TLR2 ligand Pam3Cys-SK4 and the TLR7/8 ligands gardiquimod and resiquimod are particularly efficient at inducing proliferation, CD25 and CCR7. This activation was also determined in B-cell subpopulations including a CD21(+)IgM(+) subset, an IgG(+) subset and two putative B1-like subsets, defined as CD21(-)IgM(high)CD11R1(+)CD11c(+)CD14(+) and CD21(-)IgM(high) CD11R1(-)CD11c(+)CD14(-) B cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887226/reconciling-the-different-faces-of-hippocampal-theta-the-role-of-theta-oscillations-in-cognitive-emotional-and-innate-behaviors
#12
REVIEW
Tatiana Korotkova, Alexey Ponomarenko, Caitlin K Monaghan, Steven L Poulter, Francesca Cacucci, Tom Wills, Michael E Hasselmo, Colin Lever
The theta oscillation (5-10Hz) is a prominent behavior-specific brain rhythm. This review summarizes studies showing the multifaceted role of theta rhythm in cognitive functions, including spatial coding, time coding and memory, exploratory locomotion and anxiety-related behaviors. We describe how activity of hippocampal theta rhythm generators - medial septum, nucleus incertus and entorhinal cortex, links theta with specific behaviors. We review evidence for functions of the theta-rhythmic signaling to subcortical targets, including lateral septum...
September 5, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863960/memory-responses-of-natural-killer-cells
#13
REVIEW
Clair D Geary, Joseph C Sun
Natural killer (NK) cells have traditionally been classified as a cellular component of the innate immune system, given their ability to rapidly produce effector cytokines and kill infected or transformed cells without prior exposure. More recently, NK cells have been shown to possess features of adaptive immunity such as clonal expansion, longevity, and robust recall responses. NK cell memory can be broadly divided into two categories: antigen-specific and antigen-independent. In the first case, exposure to certain viral or hapten stimuli endows NK cells with antigen-specific immunological memory, similar to T and B cells...
August 29, 2017: Seminars in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863472/a-case-of-human-lassa-virus-infection-with-robust-acute-t-cell-activation-and-long-term-virus-specific-t-cell-responses
#14
Anita K McElroy, Rama S Akondy, Jessica R Harmon, Ali H Ellebedy, Deborah Cannon, John D Klena, John Sidney, Alessandro Sette, Aneesh K Mehta, Colleen S Kraft, Marshall G Lyon, Jay B Varkey, Bruce S Ribner, Stuart T Nichol, Christina F Spiropoulou
A nurse who acquired Lassa virus infection in Togo in the spring of 2016 was repatriated to the United States for care at Emory University Hospital. Serial sampling from this patient permitted the characterization of several aspects of the innate and cellular immune responses to Lassa virus. Although most of the immune responses correlated with the kinetics of viremia resolution, the CD8 T-cell response was of surprisingly high magnitude and prolonged duration, implying prolonged presentation of viral antigens...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861086/immunobiography-and-the-heterogeneity-of-immune-responses-in-the-elderly-a-focus-on-inflammaging-and-trained-immunity
#15
REVIEW
Claudio Franceschi, Stefano Salvioli, Paolo Garagnani, Magda de Eguileor, Daniela Monti, Miriam Capri
Owing to its memory and plasticity, the immune system (IS) is capable of recording all the immunological experiences and stimuli it was exposed to. The combination of type, dose, intensity, and temporal sequence of antigenic stimuli that each individual is exposed to has been named "immunobiography." This immunological history induces a lifelong continuous adaptation of the IS, which is responsible for the capability to mount strong, weak or no response to specific antigens, thus determining the large heterogeneity of immunological responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855906/memory-of-natural-killer-cells-a-new-chance-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#16
REVIEW
José Alberto Choreño Parra, Nayeli Martínez Zúñiga, Luis Antonio Jiménez Zamudio, Luis Armando Jiménez Álvarez, Citlaltepetl Salinas Lara, Joaquín Zúñiga
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system, which play an important role in the initial defense against a wide variety of pathogens, including viruses and intracellular bacteria. NK cells produce cytokines that enhance immune responses directed toward pathogens and also exert cytotoxic activity against infected cells, thereby eliminating the reservoir of infection. Their role in defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has been recently studied, and there is increasing evidence that highlight the importance of NK cell function during pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), especially in the absence of optimal T-cell responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846187/increased-fear-learning-spatial-learning-as-well-as-neophobia-in-rgs2-mice
#17
A Raab, S Popp, K-P Lesch, M J Lohse, M Fischer, J Deckert, L Hommers
Anxiety disorders result from a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors such as stress. On the level of cellular signaling, regulator of G protein signaling 2 (Rgs2) has been implicated in human and rodent anxiety. However, there is limited knowledge about the role of Rgs2 in fear learning and reactivity to stress. In the present study, Rgs2(-/-) mice showed increased fear learning, male mice displayed increased contextual and cued fear learning, while females showed selectively enhanced cued fear learning...
August 28, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825870/intranasal-immunization-with-a-single-dose-of-the-fusion-protein-formulated-with-a-combination-adjuvant-induces-long-term-protective-immunity-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#18
R Garg, L Latimer, V Gerdts, A Potter, S van Drunen Littel-van den Hurk
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of respiratory tract infections in both children and elderly people. In this study we evaluated the short- and long-term protective efficacy of a single intranasal (IN) immunization with a RSV vaccine formulation consisting of a codon-optimized fusion (F) protein formulated with poly(I:C), an innate defense regulator peptide and a polyphosphazene (ΔF/TriAdj). This vaccine induced strong systemic and local immune responses, including RSV F-specific IgG1 and IgG2a, SIgA and virus neutralizing antibodies in mice...
August 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817118/altered-marginal-zone-and-innate-like-b-cells-in-aged-senescence-accelerated-samp8-mice-with-defective-igg1-responses
#19
Isabel Cortegano, Mercedes Rodríguez, Isabel Martín, Maria Carmen Prado, Carolina Ruíz, Rafael Hortigüela, Mario Alía, Marçal Vilar, Helena Mira, Eva Cano, Mercedes Domínguez, Belén de Andrés, María Luisa Gaspar
Aging has a strong impact on the activity of the immune system, enhancing susceptibility to pathogens and provoking a predominant pre-inflammatory status, whereas dampening responses to vaccines in humans and mice. Here, we demonstrate a loss of marginal zone B lymphocytes (MZ, CD19(+)CD45R(+)CD21(++)CD23(lo)) and a decrease of naive B cells (CD19(+)IgD(+)), whereas there is an enhancement of a CD19(+)CD45R(lo) innate-like B cell population (B1REL) and the so-called aged B cell compartment (ABC, CD45R(+)CD21(lo)CD23(lo)CD5(-)CD11b(-)) in aged senescence-accelerated (SAMP8) mice but not in aged senescence-resistant (SAMR1) mice...
August 17, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815218/capturing-the-systemic-immune-signature-of-a-norovirus-infection-an-n-of-1-case-study-within-a-clinical-trial
#20
Antony J Cutler, Joao Oliveira, Ricardo C Ferreira, Ben Challis, Neil M Walker, Sarah Caddy, Jia Lu, Helen E Stevens, Deborah J Smyth, Marcin L Pekalski, Jane Kennet, Kara M D Hunter, Ian Goodfellow, Linda S Wicker, John A Todd, Frank Waldron-Lynch
BACKGROUND:  The infection of a participant with norovirus during the adaptive study of interleukin-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes (DILT1D) allowed a detailed insight into the cellular and cytokine immune responses to this prevalent gastrointestinal pathogen. METHODS:  Serial blood, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples were collected pre-, and post-development of the infection. To differentiate between the immune response to norovirus and to control for the administration of a single dose of aldesleukin (recombinant interleukin-2, rIL-2) alone, samples from five non-infected participants administered similar doses were analysed in parallel...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
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