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Transduction jurkat

Lina Rustanti, Hongping Jin, Dongsheng Li, Mary Lor, Haran Sivakumaran, David Harrich
Nullbasic is a mutant form of HIV-1 Tat that has strong ability to protect cells from HIV-1 replication by inhibiting three different steps of viral replication: reverse transcription, Rev export of viral mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and transcription of viral mRNA by RNA polymerase II. We previously showed that Nullbasic inhibits transduction of human cells including T cells by HIV-1-based lentiviral vectors. Here we investigated whether the Nullbasic antagonists huTat2 (a Tat targeting intrabody), HIV-1 Tat or Rev proteins or cellular DDX1 protein could improve transduction by a HIV-1 lentiviral vector conveying Nullbasic-ZsGreen1 to human T cells...
March 14, 2018: Virologica Sinica
Li-Na Wang, Mei-Hua Gao, Bing Wang, Bei-Bei Cong, Shu-Chao Zhang
Cluster of differentiation 59 (CD59) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein. Cross-linking of CD59 with specific monoclonal antibodies can cause a series of intracellular signal transduction events. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Linker for activation of T-cells (LAT) is a crucial adaptor protein in T-cell signaling, and its phosphorylation and palmitoylation are essential for its localization and function. In a previous study by the present authors, it was demonstrated that CD59 may be responsible for LAT palmitoylation, thereby regulating T-cell signal transduction...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jing-Lun Chen, Guang-Min Nong
Infectious diseases can be caused by multiple pathogens, which can produce specific immune response in human body. The immune response produced by T cells is cellular immunity, which plays an important role in the anti-infection process of human body, and can participate in immunological protection and cause immunopathology. The outcome of various infectious diseases is closely related to cellular immune function, especially the function of T cells. Jurkat cells belong to the human acute T lymphocyte leukemia cell line...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Bhagyashree Bhagwat, Holly Cherwinski, Manjiri Sathe, Wolfgang Seghezzi, Terrill K McClanahan, Rene de Waal Malefyt, Aarron Willingham
LAG3 is an important regulator of T cell homeostasis and studies in mouse tumor models have demonstrated that simultaneously antagonizing LAG3 and PD1 can augment tumor-specific T cell responses and induce tumor rejection. The combined use of LAG3 antagonist antibodies with established anti-PD1 therapies is currently being evaluated in human clinical trials. A functional assay for human LAG3 was developed by co-culture of a Jurkat T-cell lymphoma line overexpressing LAG3 with a Raji B-cell lymphoma line in the presence of staphylococcal enterotoxins...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Mónica Loreto Acevedo, Francisco García-de Gracia, Camila Miranda-Cárdenas, Ricardo Soto-Rifo, Francisco Aguayo, Oscar León
Self-inactivating VSVG-pseudotyped murine leukemia virus (SIN-VSVG-MLV) has been widely used to generate stable cell lines and produce gene delivery vectors. Despite the broad cellular tropism of the VSVG-pseudotyped MLV, we observed differential viral transduction efficiency depending on the host cell type used. In order to determine the mechanism underlying these differences, we used a GFP-expressing SIN-VSVG-MLV and analyzed the major steps of viral transduction in different cell lines including human epithelial, T-lymphocytes, monocytes and murine fibroblast cells...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Xiu-Ping Xu, Yong-Ming Yao, Guang-Ju Zhao, Zong-Sheng Wu, Jun-Cong Li, Yun-Long Jiang, Zhong-Qiu Lu, Guang-Liang Hong
BACKGROUND: Mitofusin-2 (MFN2), a well-known mitochondrial fusion protein, has been shown to participate in innate immunity, but its role in mediating adaptive immunity remains poorly characterized. In this study, we explored the potential role of MFN2 in mediating the immune function of T lymphocytes. METHODS: We manipulated MFN2 gene expression in Jurkat cells via lentiviral transduction of MFN2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) or full-length MFN2. After transduction, the immune response and its underlying mechanism were determined in Jurkat cells...
February 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
James S Findlay, Graham P Cook, G Eric Blair
It has been proposed that blood coagulation factors, principally factor X (FX), enhance the uptake of human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) into cultured epithelial cells by bridging the viral hexon capsid protein and cell-surface heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs). We studied the effects of FX on Ad transduction of lymphoid cell lines (NK92MI, a natural killer cell line; Daudi, a B-cell line and Jurkat, a T-cell line) as well as primary peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and HeLa epithelial cells using either replication-deficient Ad5, or a derivative in which the Ad5 fiber was replaced with that of another Ad type, Ad35, termed Ad5F35...
January 3, 2018: Viruses
Sara Castiglioni, Vincenzo Miranda, Alessandra Cazzaniga, Marilena Campanella, Michele Nichelatti, Marco Andena, Jeanette A M Maier
Since interferon-γ (IFN-γ) tunes both innate and adaptive immune systems, it was expected to enter clinical practice as an immunomodulatory drug. However, the use of IFN-γ has been limited by its dose-dependent side effects. Low-dose medicine, which is emerging as a novel strategy to treat diseases, might circumvent this restriction. Several clinical studies have proved the efficacy of therapies with a low dose of cytokines subjected to kinetic activation, while no in vitro data are available. To fill this gap, we investigated whether low concentrations, in the femtogram range, of kinetically activated IFN-γ modulate the behavior of Jurkat cells, a widely used experimental model that has importantly contributed to the present knowledge about T cell signaling...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Coralie M Backlund, Federica Sgolastra, Ronja Otter, Lisa Minter, Toshihide Takeuchi, Shiroh Futaki, Gregory N Tew
The plasma membrane is a major obstacle in the development and use of biomacromolecules for intracellular therapeutic applications. Protein transduction domains (PTDs) have been used to overcome this barrier, but often require covalent conjugation to their cargo and can be time consuming to synthesize. Synthetic monomers can be designed to mimic the amino acid moieties in PTDs, and their resulting polymers provide a well-controlled platform to vary molecular composition for structure-activity relationship studies...
December 28, 2016: Polymer Chemistry
Mingming Dong, Yangyang Bian, Yan Wang, Jing Dong, Yating Yao, Zhenzhen Deng, Hongqiang Qin, Hanfa Zou, Mingliang Ye
Albeit much less abundant than Ser/Thr phosphorylation (pSer/pThr), Tyr phosphorylation (pTyr) is considered as a hallmark in cellular signal transduction. However, its analysis at the proteome level remains challenging. The conventional immunopurification (IP) approach using antibodies specific to pTyr sites is known to have low sensitivity, poor reproducibility and high cost. Our recent study indicated that SH2 domain-derived pTyr-superbinder is a good replacement of pTyr antibody for the specific enrichment of pTyr peptides for phosphoproteomics analysis...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Guangyu Dong, Rachel Kalifa, Pulak Ranjan Nath, Sigal Gelkop, Noah Isakov
T cell antigen receptor (TCR) binding of a peptide antigen presented by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in the context of surface MHC molecules initiates signaling events that regulate T cell activation, proliferation and differentiation. A key event in the activation process is the phosphorylation of the conserved tyrosine residues within the CD3 chain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs), which operate as docking sites for SH2 domain-containing effector proteins. Phosphorylation of the CD3ζ ITAMs renders the CD3 chain capable of binding the ζ-chain associated protein 70 kDa (ZAP70), a protein tyrosine kinase that is essential for T cell activation...
July 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lisa Starick, Felipe Riano, Mohindar M Karunakaran, Volker Kunzmann, Jianqiang Li, Matthias Kreiss, Sabine Amslinger, Emmanuel Scotet, Daniel Olive, Gennaro De Libero, Thomas Herrmann
Phosphoantigens (PAgs)-like HMBPP ((E)-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl diphosphate) and butyrophilin 3 (BTN3A, CD277)-specific monoclonal antibody 20.1 induce TCR-mediated activation of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells. Here, we compared murine reporter cells transduced with Vγ9Vδ2 TCRs G115, D1C55, and MOP for the activation in culture with human RAJI cells and PAgs or mAb 20.1 and its single-chain (sc) derivative. All transductants responded readily to PAg but only TCR MOP γ-chain-expressing cells responded to mAb/sc 20...
June 2017: European Journal of Immunology
Federica Sgolastra, Coralie M Backlund, E Ilker Ozay, Brittany M deRonde, Lisa M Minter, Gregory N Tew
The impermeability of the plasma membrane towards large, hydrophilic biomolecules is a major obstacle in their use and development against intracellular targets. To overcome such limitations, protein transduction domains (PTDs) have been used as protein carriers, however they often require covalent fusion to the protein for efficient delivery. In an effort to develop more efficient and versatile biological vehicles, a series of PTD-inspired polyoxanorbornene-based synthetic mimics with identical chemical compositions but different hydrophobic/hydrophilic segregation were used to investigate the role of sequence segregation on protein binding and uptake into Jurkat T cells and HEK293Ts...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Zhenzhen Deng, Mingming Dong, Yan Wang, Jing Dong, Shawn S-C Li, Hanfa Zou, Mingliang Ye
Tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) is important for normal physiology and implicated in many human diseases, particularly cancer. Identification of pTyr sites is critical to dissecting signaling pathways and understanding disease pathologies. However, compared with serine/threonine phosphorylation (pSer/pThr), the analysis of pTyr at the proteome level is more challenging due to its low abundance. Here, we developed a biphasic affinity chromatographic approach where Src SH2 superbinder was coupled with NeutrAvidin affinity chromatography, for tyrosine phosphoproteome analysis...
February 1, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
A Özgül Tezgel, Paejonette Jacobs, Coralie M Backlund, Janice C Telfer, Gregory N Tew
The use of proteins as biological tools and therapeutic agents is limited due to the fact that proteins do not effectively cross the plasma membrane of cells. Here, we report a novel class of protein transporter molecules based on protein transduction domain mimics (PTDMs) synthesized via ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). The PTDMs reported here were specifically inspired by amphiphilic peptides known to deliver functional proteins into cells via noncovalent interactions between the peptide and the cargo...
March 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Björn-Philipp Diercks, Ralf Fliegert, Andreas H Guse
Ca(2+) signaling is a major signal transduction pathway involved in T cell activation, but also in apoptosis of T cells. Since T cells make use of several Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messengers, such as nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate, d-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and cyclic ADP-ribose, we intended to analyze luminal Ca(2+) concentration upon cell activation. Mag-Fluo4/AM, a low-affinity Ca(2+) dye known to localize to the endoplasmic reticular lumen in many cell types, showed superior brightness and bleaching stability, but, surprisingly, co-localized with mito-tracker, but not with ER-tracker in Jurkat T cells...
June 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Leah M Caffrey, Brittany M deRonde, Lisa M Minter, Gregory N Tew
A fundamental understanding of how polymer structure impacts internalization and delivery of biologically relevant cargoes, particularly small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA), is of critical importance to the successful design of improved delivery reagents. Herein we report the use of ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) methods to synthesize two series of guanidinium-rich protein transduction domain mimics (PTDMs): one based on an imide scaffold that contains one guanidinium moiety per repeat unit, and another based on a diester scaffold that contains two guanidinium moieties per repeat unit...
October 10, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Andrea Imle, Bettina Stolp, Verena Böhmer, Matthias Geyer, Erez Raz, Oliver T Fackler
The HIV-1 pathogenesis factor Nef interacts with numerous ligands to affect cellular vesicular transport, signal transduction and cytoskeletal dynamics. While most Nef functions depend on multivalent protein interaction motifs, disrupting actin dynamics requires a motif that specifically recruits the host kinase PAK2. An adjacent aspartate was recently predicted to mediate Nef-β-catenin interactions. We report here that β-catenin can be co-immunoprecipitated with Nef.GFP from Jurkat T cell lysates. This association is conserved among lentiviral Nef proteins but does not involve classical Nef protein interaction motifs, including the critical aspartate...
November 2016: Virology
Jie Jin, Yu Wang, Yang Xu, Xu Zhou, Yu Liu, Xiang Li, Jin Wang
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we explored the functional roles of microRNA-144 (miR-144) upregulation and downregulation in human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Gene expression of miR-144 was examined using the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in both ALL cell lines and T-leukemic cells of ALL patients. In ALL cell lines Molt-3 and Jurkat cells, miR-144 was either upregulated or downregulated through lentiviral transduction...
June 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
Andreas Drynda, Qiang Ren, Gottfried H Buchhorn, Christoph H Lohmann
BACKGROUND: Osteolysis which leads to aseptic loosening of implants is a fundamental problem in joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty) and the leading cause for implant failure and revision surgery. Metal (CoCr) particles separated from implants by wear cause osteolysis and the failure of orthopedic implants, but the molecular mechanism is not clear. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 has been shown to play a pivotal role in periprosthetic osteolysis. The aim of this study was to determine which signal transduction pathway (PLC-DAG-PKC or MAPK/ERK) induces CXCR4 expression in osteoblast-like cells (MG63) cells...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
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