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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926670/clinical-and-radiographical-differences-between-thoracic-idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-and-spinal-arachnoid-cyst
#1
Hiroaki Nakashima, Shiro Imagama, Hideki Yagi, Fumihiko Kato, Tokumi Kanemura, Koji Sato, Noriaki Kawakami, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Hisatake Yoshihara, Kenyu Ito, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter case-controlled study OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiographical differences between thoracic idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) and spinal arachnoid cyst (SAC). SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: ISCH and SAC are relatively rare diseases. Preoperative misdiagnose was frequently reported in both, however these clinical and radiographical differences remain unclear. METHODS: Out of 30,469 patients who underwent spinal surgery, 18 (0...
December 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921277/surgery-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-case-report
#2
Shinji Abe, Tomoji Yamakawa, Hideaki Kawashima, Makoto Yoshida, Setsuji Takanashi, Motoya Kashiyama, Masahiro Ishigooka, Yasushige Shingu, Yoshiro Matsui
BACKGROUND: Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare disease; however, symptomatic CMI has a risk of acute exacerbation without timely revascularization. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man who had had postprandial pain for 6 months was admitted to our hospital because of vomiting and diarrhea. Although the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries were occluded at the proximal portion, contrast enhancement of the bowel wall was good in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT)...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921252/opioid-induced-bowel-dysfunction-in-patients-undergoing-spine-surgery-comparison-of-oxycodone-and-oxycodone-naloxone-treatment
#3
Merja Kokki, Moona Kuronen, Toivo Naaranlahti, Timo Nyyssönen, Ira Pikkarainen, Sakari Savolainen, Hannu Kokki
INTRODUCTION: Opioids are needed for postoperative pain in spine surgery patients, but opioid-induced constipation is a harmful adverse event. The aim of this clinical trial was to compare the use of a controlled-release oxycodone-naloxone combination product with oxycodone controlled-release tablets in these patients. The main outcome measure was the prevalence of constipation at 7 days postoperatively assessed with a Bowel Function Index questionnaire. A follow-up assessment at 21 days after surgery was also included...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920981/infective-endocarditis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-simultaneously
#4
Fujiko Morita, Yuji Hirai, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuki Uehara, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Poor dentition and/or dental infection due to insufficient oral care are presumed to be risk factors for infective endocarditis (IE). We present a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with oral complications diagnosed simultaneously. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever, general fatigue, arthralgia, and back pain. She was diagnosed with primary SS according to the criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Transthoracic echocardiography carried out to examine her persistent fever revealed vegetation formation (14 × 5 mm) on the aortic valve and her blood cultures were positive for G...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919137/-a-case-of-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery-for-multiple-encrusted-stones-on-a-forgotten-ureteral-stent-left-for-4-years
#5
Kimitsugu Usui, Takuo Asai, Tadashi Tabei, Hiroki Ito, Mitsuru Komeya, Atsushi Fujikawa, Junichi Matsuzaki
A 43-year-old man underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for a left ureteral stone and implantation of a loop stent for the treatment of stone pain in February 2011. However, he was lost to follow-up before the complete removal of the stones and stent. He presented to our hospital with left back pain in March 2015. An abdominal radiograph and a noncontrast computed tomography showed extensive stone formation throughout the stent. A single cystolithotripsy and a double endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS)were performed...
November 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919134/-a-case-of-metastatic-tubulocystic-carcinoma-of-the-kidney-treated-with-molecularly-targeted-therapy
#6
Fumihiko Urabe, Jun Miki, Takafumi Yanagisawa, Takahiro Kimura, Masataka Nakano, Masafumi Suzuki, Koichi Kishimoto, Shin Egawa
A 51-year-old man who presented with gross hematuria and back pain was found to have a right renal mass accompanied with lung and osseous metastases. The patient underwent transabdominal right nephrectomy. The histopathological examination revealed the tumor to be tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney. After the patient received sunitinib therapy, contrast enhanced computed tomography revealed that the metastatic tumor size was stable in the bone and decreased in the lung. Unfortunately, 9 months after nephrectomy, bone scintigraphy revealed an increase in the size of the metastatic tumor in the bone...
November 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909629/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-resulting-in-a-durable-relapse-free-survival-a-case-report
#7
Samual Francis, Ned Williams, Christopher J Anker, Akram Shaaban, Robin Kim, Dennis Shrieve, Jonathan Tward
The standard of care for localized hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is surgical resection. For patients who decline or who are unfit for surgery, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is emerging as a viable treatment approach. We present a case of a 77-year-old female in whom an early stage HCC was incidentally discovered. Given her religious edicts as a devout Jehovah's Witness and her subsequent desire to avoid a blood transfusion, she declined surgical resection or transplant due to the risk of hemorrhage...
October 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909067/concept-and-evaluation-of-the-german-war-surgery-course-einsatzchirurgie-kurs-der-bundeswehr
#8
David A Back, K Waldmann, T Hauer, N Huschitt, M W Bowyer, U Wesemann, A Lieber, C Willy
INTRODUCTION: Military surgeons must be prepared to care for severe and complex life-threatening injuries rarely seen in the civilian setting. Typical civilian training and practice do not provide adequate exposure to the broad set of surgical skills required. The German Bundeswehr Medical Service has developed and refined the War Surgery Course (WSC) to meet this training gap. This article describes the recent experience with this readiness curriculum. METHODS: Run annually since 1998, WSC consists nowadays of 5 days with 20 theoretical modules...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#9
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908615/unilaterally-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-double-expandable-peek-cages-without-pedicle-screw-support-for-lumbar-disc-herniation
#10
Aydemir Kale, Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Ayhan Onk, Murat Kalaycı, Çağatay Büyükuysal
OBJECTIVES: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is usually bilateral procedure, and it is combined with posterior by bilateral pedicle screw support or with fixation. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the surgical outcomes of simple discectomy and PLIF without pedicle screw support in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 60 patients with single segment LDH were operated between February 2010 and June 2013. 40 patients were treated with simple discectomy (Group 1) and 20 patients were treated with PLIF using double expandable polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages without instrumentation (Group 2) unilaterally...
November 17, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906946/long-term-follow-up-results-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#11
Sang Soo Eun, Sang-Ho Lee, Luigi Andrew Sabal
BACKGROUND: Open lumbar microdiscectomy (OLM) has been considered the gold standard in the management of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) for its favorable outcomes in long-term follow-up. Nowadays, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is gaining recognition. However, greatest limitation of studies of PELD is the lack of long-term follow-up outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcomes of PELD in terms of clinical and radiographic findings and revision surgery rate...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904226/paraplegic-flexion-contracture-of-hip-joints-an-unsolvable-problem
#12
Sailendra Bhattacharyya
Paraplegic flexion contracture of hip joints beyond 90° is a difficult condition to treat for any orthopedic surgeon. There is no fixed protocol of treatment described, by and large it is individualized. A 20 year old female presented with paraplegia for last 15 years due to irrecoverable spinal cord disease with complete sensory and motor loss of both lower extremities and was admitted with acute flexion contracture of both hip joints with trunk resting on thighs. She underwent bilateral proximal femoral resection...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903350/-effect-of-lumbar-dorsal-muscle-injuries-on-lumbar-vertebral-bone-quality-of-rat
#13
X P Wang, S J Wang, P Yan, L L Zhu, M Q Li, Z Y Bian, J W Tian
Objective: To explored the effects of lumbar dorsal muscle damage on local lumbar vertebral bone quality. Methods: Thirty SD female rats, at age of 20 weeks, were randomly divided into three groups: control group, or say pseudo surgery group, an incision in the back were performed as CNT; bilateral erector spinal muscle group in which group bilateral lumbar erector spinal muscle were removed as RESM; castration group in which bilateral ovaries were resected as OVX.After three months, bone mineral density, microscopic CT and vertebral compression test were taken in lumbar vertebral (L4-6) in turn...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903338/-ultrasound-imaging-increases-first-attempt-success-rate-of-neuraxial-block-in-elderly-patients
#14
J Geng, X L Chen, X D Wang, X Y Guo, M Li
Objective: To verify whether preprocedural ultrasound of the lumbar spine could improve first-attempt success rate (defined as a successful neuraxial anesthesia with only one skin puncture) of neuraxial block in elderly patients. Methods: From septemble 2015 to February 2016, 200 elderly patients undergoing lower-limb surgery with neuraxial block at the Peking Universty Third Hospital were enrolled in this study.RandA 1.0 software was used to randomize patients into two groups: conventional surface landmark-guided group (group LM) and ultrasound-assisted group (group US)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900710/customized-tantalum-augmented-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-glenoid-bone-defect-and-excessive-medialization-description-of-the-technique
#15
Nicola Ivaldo, Tony Mangano, Giovanni Caione, Mario Rossoni, Angelo Ligas
BACKGROUND: Glenoid bone defect and excessive medialization could represent challenging issues during reverse shoulder arthroplasty, especially in the setting of revision surgery. Although a solution is offered by the Boileau's BIO-RSA technique in primary cases, only autologous iliac crest bone graft and homologous graft from bone banks are available for revision surgeries, with known disadvantages and risk of graft resorption and implant failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe in this work a new technique based on a customized porous tantalum device to be used in salvage situations, aimed at lateralization of the glenoid component of a reverse shoulder arthroplasty...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900509/conversion-of-hip-fusion-to-total-hip-arthroplasty-clinical-radiological-outcomes-and-complications-in-40-hips
#16
Mustafa Celiktas, Ozkan Kose, Adil Turan, Ferhat Guler, Cagri Ors, Emre Togrul
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiological outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with previous hip arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 (40 hips) prospectively followed patients in whom ankylosed hips were converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) between 2010 and 2014 in our institution. The average age at the time of the conversion operation was 40.8 ± 9.8 years (range 24-62)...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900275/spinal-gout-a-review-with-case-illustration
#17
Hossein Elgafy, Xiaochen Liu, Joseph Herron
AIM: To summarize clinical presentations and treatment options of spinal gout in the literature from 2000 to 2014, and present theories for possible mechanism of spinal gout formation. METHODS: The authors reviewed 68 published cases of spinal gout, which were collected by searching "spinal gout" on PubMed from 2000 to 2014. The data were analyzed for clinical features, anatomical location of spinal gout, laboratory studies, imaging studies, and treatment choices...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895851/evaluating-the-safety-efficacy-and-complications-of-electrotherapy-and-its-comparison-with-conventional-method-of-hemorrhoidectomy
#18
Payam Nikooiyan, Hamzeh Mohammadi Sardo, Bahram Poursaeidi, Motahareh Zaherara, Bijan Ahmadi
AIM: This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy, safety and complications of electrotherapy compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy (Ferguson technique). BACKGROUND: Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy is always associated with considerable pain and postoperative complications. Still, the electrotherapy method in which the hemorrhoidal tissue is not removed may not improve critical complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on patients with hemorrhoids referring to hospitals affiliated to the Kerman University of Medical Sciences during 2014-2015...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895450/dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
D Paramythiotis, G Stavrou, D Panagiotou, G Petrakis, A Michalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) represents less than 0.1% of all tumors, but it is considered the most common skin sarcoma. Wide local excision (=5 cm) has been largely replaced by Mohs micrographic surgery; however, recurrence is not rare. Description of the case: A 35-year-old man presented with a large tumor on the upper side of his back and underwent local excision with the possible preoperative diagnosis of lipoma. Upon histological examination, the diagnosis of DFSP was made, and the patient underwent wide local excision with skin flap reconstruction and was referred for adjuvant radiotherapy...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#20
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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