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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670802/isolated-right-sided-posttraumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#1
Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Oumarou Habou, Harissou Adamou, Ousseini Adakal, Mahamoud Omid Ali Ada, Hellé Moustapha, Habibou Abarchi
Diaphragm is a compliant musculoaponeurotic barrier located between thoracic and abdominal cavities. Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is a rare clinicopathological entity. We report a case of right-sided posttraumatic hernia in a child following blunt trauma to highlight diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic specific aspects. A 10-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency surgical department with thoracic trauma following pedestrian accident. At admission a haemothorax was suspected and treated by pleural drainage...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644264/laparoscopic-approach-to-the-management-of-penetrating-traumatic-diaphragmatic-injury
#2
Teo Li Tserng, Maria Benita Gatmaitan
Background: Traditionally, laparotomy/thoracotomy is the standard approach for thoracoabdominal injuries. However, it has a non-therapeutic rate of 12-40% and 40% morbidity. Laparoscopy, as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality, has evolved to be integral to general and subspecialty surgeons in the management of patients. However, its use in the field of trauma surgery has been limited. We present a case of traumatic diaphragmatic injury from a low velocity penetrating wound successfully repaired through laparoscopic approach...
August 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533203/comparison-of-autopsy-findings-and-injury-severity-scores-in-deaths-due-to-traumatic-asphyxia-perthes-syndrome
#3
M N Arslan, Ç Kertmen, I Esen Melez, D O Melez
Traumatic asphyxia is a rare clinical syndrome usually caused by sudden and severe thoracic and/or thoracoabdominal compression. It presents with craniofacial cyanosis, petechiae, and subconjunctival haemorrhages. The present study employed a postmortem retrospective methodology to analyse autopsy findings and accompanying injuries in cases of death due to traumatic asphyxia. Four years of case files from a morgue department at a forensic medicine institute were searched and 53 cases of lethal traumatic asphyxia were found...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483461/-significance-of-thoraco-laparoscopic-observation-in-repairing-diaphragmatic-injury-by-the-penetrating-trauma
#4
Daisuke Hara, Gaku Saito, Fumiaki Shimizu, Fumitaka Suzuki, Yoshikazu Arai, Takayuki Shiina
A 53-year-old man with a penetrating trauma was admitted to our hospital. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) on admission showed left diaphragmatic injury and peritoneal fat in the left thoracic cavity. Under a diagnosis of the traumatic diaphragmatic injury, an emergency operation was performed, and the left diaphragm was repaired. No other injuries were found in the thoracic and abdominal organs by thoraco-laparoscopic observation. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient left hospital on the 14th day after surgery...
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466512/the-role-of-computerized-tomography-in-penetrating-abdominal-trauma
#5
Eduardo Lopes Martins Filho, Melissa Mello Mazepa, Camila Roginski Guetter, Silvânia Klug Pimentel
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the role of abdominal computed tomography in the management of penetrating abdominal trauma. METHODS: we conducted a historical cohort study of patients treated for penetrating trauma in the anterior abdomen, dorsum or thoracoabdominal transition, that were submitted to a computed tomography carried out on admission. We evaluated the location of the wound and the presence of tomographic findings, and the management of these patients as for nonoperative treatment or laparotomy...
February 19, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392975/respiratory-digestive-tract-fistula-two-center-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Sameh I Sersar, Lamees A Maghrabi
Background Aerodigestive fistulae can be defined as abnormal communications between the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. Choking after meals, coughing, feeding difficulties, tachycardia, and persistent pneumonia are the main presentations. The aim of our study was to review our experience in the management of 27 cases of acquired aerodigestive fistulae of different types, levels, and management. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study on 27 cases of fistulae between the respiratory and digestive tracts, which were managed in 2 hospitals in Saudi Arabia in the last 5 years...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368085/selective-nonoperative-management-of-liver-gunshot-injuries
#7
Pradeep Navsaria, Andrew Nicol, Jake Krige, Sorin Edu, Sharfuddin Chowdhury
PURPOSE: Nonoperative management (NOM) of gunshot liver injuries (GLI) is infrequently practiced. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of selective NOM of GLI. METHODS: A prospective, protocol-driven study, which included patients with GLI admitted to a level 1 trauma center, was conducted over a 52-month period. Stable patients without peritonism or sustained hypotension with right-sided thoracoabdominal (RTA) and right upper quadrant (RUQ), penetrating wounds with or without localized RUQ tenderness, underwent contrasted abdominal CT scan to determine the trajectory and organ injury...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233365/acute-trans-diaphragmatic-herniation-of-the-caudate-lobe-of-the-liver
#8
Ioannis Loumiotis, Milan M Kinkhabwala, Amit Bhargava
Diaphragmatic liver herniation is often associated with thoracoabdominal trauma. Spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture is a thoracoabdominal emergency and requires a high index of suspicion combined with high-resolution imaging studies for establishing an accurate and timely diagnosis. We present a case report of a patient who was admitted to the emergency department with severe substernal chest pain and shortness of breath who was diagnosed with spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture and caudate liver herniation. The caudate lobe was incarcerated, contributing to the patient's symptoms...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161213/laparoscopic-management-of-penetrating-thoracoabdominal-trauma
#9
Megan C Prunty, Siddharth Kudav, Jacob A Quick
BACKGROUND: Traumatic thoracoabdominal injuries can involve multiple organs and multiple cavities, which increases the complexity of surgical management. Traditionally, these injuries required laparotomy and thoracotomy. However, minimally invasive intervention may be reasonable for stable patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a case of a thoracoabdominal gunshot wound resulting in multiorgan, multicavity injury to the lung, diaphragm, and liver. We performed hepatorrhaphy and diaphragm repair, and addressed a retained hemothorax through a transabdominal laparoscopic approach...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930046/canadian-benchmarks-for-acute-injury-care
#10
Lynne Moore, David Evans, Natalie L Yanchar, Jaimini Thakore, Henry Thomas Stelfox, Morad Hameed, Richard Simons, John Kortbeek, Julien Clément, François Lauzier, Alexis F Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Acute care injury outcomes vary substantially across Canadian provinces and trauma centres. Our aim was to develop Canadian benchmarks to monitor mortality and hospital length of stay (LOS) for injury admissions. METHODS: Benchmarks were derived using data from the Canadian National Trauma Registry on patients with major trauma admitted to any level I or II trauma centre in Canada and from the following patient subgroups: isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI), isolated thoracoabdominal injury, multisystem blunt injury, age 65 years or older...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898729/evaluation-of-the-multi-slice-computed-tomography-outcomes-in-diaphragmatic-injuries-related-to-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Mehmet Turmak, Muhammed Akif Deniz, Cihan Akgül Özmen, Aydın Aslan
PURPOSE: Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is a diagnostic challenge for both surgeons and radiologists and generally occurs secondary to blunt and penetrating trauma of thoracoabdominal region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 56 patients who underwent surgical procedure due to blunt or penetrating trauma were included to the study. RESULTS: There were 37 diaphragmatic ruptures in the left side and 19 patients in the right side. The most common radiological finding was "the direct monitoring of defect" (54,3%)...
January 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881905/perforated-esophageal-intervention-focus-perf-study-a-multi-center-examination-of-contemporary-treatment
#12
J T Ali, R D Rice, E A David, J D Spicer, J J Dubose, L Bonavina, S Siboni, T A O'Callaghan, X Luo-Owen, S Harrison, C G Ball, J Bini, G A Vercruysse, D Skarupa, C C Miller, A L Estrera, K G Khalil
The treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) remains a significant clinical challenge. While a number of investigators have previously documented efficient approaches, these were mostly single-center experiences reported prior to the introduction of newer technologies: specifically endoluminal stents. This study was designed to document contemporary practice in the diagnosis and management of EP at multiple institutions around the world and includes early clinical outcomes. A five-year (2009-2013) multicenter retrospective review of management and outcomes for patients with thoracic or abdominal esophageal perforation was conducted...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876672/civilian-gunshot-wounds-to-the-chest-a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-an-annual-caseload-at-a-level-1-trauma-centre
#13
V M Meijering, A T Hattam, P H Navsaria, A J Nicol, S Edu
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds (GSW) to the chest are common presentations to trauma centres in South Africa. The clinical management and outcome of GSW to the chest are significantly altered by missile trajectory and the associated anatomical structures injured making them challenging injuries to treat. Currently, the management of GSW chest is based on scant evidence and treatment is typically according to algorithms based largely on the anecdotal experience of high volume institutions and experienced clinicians...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876667/evaluation-of-thoracoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-diaphragmatic-injuries-in-penetrating-thoracoabdominal-trauma-without-lung-deflation-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital
#14
L Nsakala
BACKGROUND: With a mortality estimated at 25% when missed, diaphragmatic injuries due to penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma present a diagnostic challenge for both the radiologist and the surgeon. In the current literature, chest x-ray has a sensitivity of 27-60% for left-sided injuries and only 17% for right-sided injuries while, CT scan has a sensitivity of 14-61% and a specificity of 76-99%. Thoracoscopy using a single lung ventilation is one of the modalities of choice for the diagnosis of these injuries with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 87...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876661/the-use-of-laparoscopy-in-managing-penetrating-thoracoabdominal-injuries-in-africa-83-cases-reviewed
#15
M Z Koto, F Mosai, O Y Matsevych
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopy in managing haemodynamically stable patients with penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries in developed countries is wildly practised, but in Africa the use of laparoscopy is still in its infancy stage. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of patients presenting with penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries was done. All patients offered laparoscopic exploration and repair from January 2012 to December 2015 at Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital were analysed...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838022/-characteristics-and-treatment-strategies-for-penetrating-injuries-on-the-example-of-gunshot-and-blast-victims-without-ballistic-body-armour-in-afghanistan-2009%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2013
#16
Christoph Güsgen, Arnulf Willms, Ines Richardsen, Dan Bieler, Erwin Kollig, Robert Schwab
Much like other countries, Germany has recently seen terrorist attacks being planned, executed or prevented at the last minute. This highlights the need for expertise in the treatment of penetrating torso traumas by bullets or explosions. Data on the treatment of firearm injuries and, even more so, blast injuries often stems from crises or war regions. However, it is difficult to compare injuries from such regions with injuries from civilian terrorist attacks due to the ballistic body protection (protective vests, body armour) worn by soldiers...
August 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790100/missed-diaphragmatic-injury-after-blunt-trauma-presenting-with-colonic-strangulation-a-rare-scenario
#17
Atish Kumar, Dinesh Bagaria, Amulya Ratan, Amit Gupta
Diaphragmatic rupture occurs in 4%-5% cases of thoracoabdominal injuries. It may present acutely, in a delayed fashion or as a complicated hernia. We are describing the case of a young male presenting in respiratory distress with history of chest trauma 1.5 years back. On investigation, he was found to have left side diaphragmatic hernia containing gangrenous colon with lung collapse. The patient underwent successful operative intervention and discharged after 25 days of hospital stay. Record review suggested that the above mentioned diaphragm injury was missed in his evaluation 1...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690745/closed-reduction-of-a-traumatic-hip-dislocation-in-children-case-report
#18
Achraf El Bakkaly, Fouad Ettayebi, Houda Oubeja, Mounir Erraji, Hicham Zerhouni
Traumatic dislocation of the hip in children is a rare disease. It only represents 5% of hip dislocations in all age groups. Before 10 years, the mechanism is often a minimal domestic accident; after 10 years, the dislocation occurs with the waning of an accident of the public highway. It is different from that of the adult by its rarity, its ease of reduction and better prognosis. This is an emergency trauma: risk necrosis of the femoral head (If delayed reduction). We report a rare case of a 3 year old boy, who suffered from bipolar trauma after a fall near his height of his house causing him a detachment of the right humerus and post-traumatic dislocation of the left hip...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681368/a-case-of-incarcerated-and-perforated-stomach-in-delayed-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#19
Shinjiro Wakai, Hiroyuki Otsuka, Hiromichi Aoki, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Yoshihide Nakagawa, Sadaki Inokuchi
The patient was an emergency transported, 57-year-old man complaining of left thoraco-lateroabdominal pain, with a history of blunt chest trauma 3 months prior. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) resulted in a diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia with incarceration and perforation of the stomach, and same-day emergency surgery was performed. The surgery was performed via an abdominal approach, and after manually repositioning the stomach incarceration, the perforated region was resected and the diaphragm sutured closed...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659919/the-%C3%AE-d-endoglucuronidase-heparanase-is-a-danger-molecule-that-drives-systemic-inflammation-and-correlates-with-clinical-course-after-open-and-endovascular-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-lessons-learnt-from-mice-and-men
#20
Lukas Martin, Alexander Gombert, Jianmin Chen, Julia Liebens, Julia Verleger, Johannes Kalder, Gernot Marx, Michael Jacobs, Christoph Thiemermann, Tobias Schuerholz
Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) is a highly lethal disorder requiring open or endovascular TAAA repair, both of which are rare, but extensive and complex surgical procedures associated with a significant systemic inflammatory response and high post-operative morbidity and mortality. Heparanase is a β-d-endoglucuronidase that remodels the endothelial glycocalyx by degrading heparan sulfate in many diseases/conditions associated with systemic inflammation including sepsis, trauma, and major surgery. We hypothesized that (a) perioperative serum levels of heparanase and heparan sulfate are associated with the clinical course after open or endovascular TAAA repair and (b) induce a systemic inflammatory response and renal injury/dysfunction in mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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