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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448988/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-stuttering-in-japan
#1
Daichi Iimura, Yasuto Yada, Kazuya Imaizumi, Toshimitsu Takeuchi, Manami Miyawaki, John Van Borsel
PURPOSE: To determine laypeople's knowledge and awareness of stuttering in Japan. METHODS: A total of 303 respondents, recruited by street sampling, completed a questionnaire assessing the prevalence, onset, gender distribution, occurrence in different races, cause, treatment, association with intelligence, and hereditariness of stuttering. The questionnaire used was a Japanese version of that devised by Van Borsel, Verniers, and Bouvry (1999) for use in Belgium...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444240/isolation-and-characterization-of-novel-polymorphic-microsatellite-markers-for-cimex-hemipterus-f-hemiptera-cimicidae
#2
Siti Nor Ain Seri Masran, Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid
Due to the growing public health and tourism awareness, Cimex hemipterus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) has gained a great interest in increasing reported infestation cases in tropical regions of the world, including Malaysia. Since the information on the molecular ecology and population biology of this species are tremendously lacking, the isolation and development of molecular markers can be used to determine its genetic structure. In this study, novel microsatellite primers isolated from enriched genomic libraries of C...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443692/executive-function-and-childhood-stuttering-parent-ratings-and-evidence-from-a-behavioral-task
#3
Katerina Ntourou, Julie D Anderson, Stacy A Wagovich
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the executive function (EF) abilities of preschool children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) using a parent-report questionnaire and a behavioral task. METHOD: Participants were 75 CWS and 75 CWNS between the ages of 3;0 and 5;11 (years; months). Parents rated their children's EF abilities using the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P; Gioia, Espy, & Isquith, 2003). Children's ability to integrate cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control, and working memory was measured using a behavioral task, the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders (HTKS; Cameron Ponitz, McClelland, Matthews, & Morrison, 2009)...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443691/the-effect-of-emotion-on-articulation-rate-in-persistence-and-recovery-of-childhood-stuttering
#4
Aysu Erdemir, Tedra A Walden, Caswell M Jefferson, Dahye Choi, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: This study investigated the possible association of emotional processes and articulation rate in pre-school age children who stutter and persist (persisting), children who stutter and recover (recovered) and children who do not stutter (nonstuttering). METHODS: The participants were ten persisting, ten recovered, and ten nonstuttering children between the ages of 3-5 years; who were classified as persisting, recovered, or nonstuttering approximately 2-2...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425244/initiation-extension-and-termination-of-rna-synthesis-by-a-paramyxovirus-polymerase
#5
Paul C Jordan, Cheng Liu, Pauline Raynaud, Michael K Lo, Christina F Spiropoulou, Julian A Symons, Leo Beigelman, Jerome Deval
Paramyxoviruses represent a family of RNA viruses causing significant human diseases. These include measles virus, the most infectious virus ever reported, in addition to parainfluenza virus, and other emerging viruses. Paramyxoviruses likely share common replication machinery but their mechanisms of RNA biosynthesis activities and details of their complex polymerase structures are unknown. Mechanistic and functional details of a paramyxovirus polymerase would have sweeping implications for understanding RNA virus replication and for the development of new antiviral medicines...
February 9, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421786/speaker-and-observer-perceptions-of-physical-tension-during-stuttering
#6
Seth Tichenor, Paula Leslie, Susan Shaiman, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists routinely assess physical tension during evaluation of those who stutter. If speakers experience tension that is not visible to clinicians, then judgments of severity may be inaccurate. This study addressed this potential discrepancy by comparing judgments of tension by people who stutter and expert clinicians to determine if clinicians could accurately identify the speakers' experience of physical tension. METHOD: Ten adults who stutter were audio-video recorded in two speaking samples...
February 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421268/high-prevalence-of-pineal-cysts-in-adults-who-stutter
#7
Richard M Arenas, Jody M Shoemaker, John Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412003/sympathetic-arousal-as-a-marker-of-chronicity-in-childhood-stuttering
#8
Hatun Zengin-Bolatkale, Edward G Conture, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether sympathetic activity during a stressful speaking task was an early marker for stuttering chronicity. METHOD: Participants were 9 children with persisting stuttering, 23 children who recovered, and 17 children who do not stutter. Participants performed a stress-inducing picture-naming task and skin conductance was measured across three time points. RESULTS: Findings indicated that at the initial time point, children with persisting stuttering exhibited higher sympathetic arousal during the stressful speaking task than children whose stuttering recovered...
February 7, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397944/expressed-parental-concern-regarding-childhood-stuttering-and-the-test-of-childhood-stuttering
#9
Victoria Tumanova, Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Tedra A Walden
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the Test of Childhood Stuttering observational rating scales (TOCS; Gillam et al., 2009) (1) differed between parents who did versus did not express concern (independent from the TOCS) about their child's speech fluency; (2) correlated with children's frequency of stuttering measured during a child-examiner conversation; and (3) correlated with the length and complexity of children's utterances, as indexed by mean length of utterance (MLU)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396058/stuttering-in-parkinson-s-disease-after-deep-brain-stimulation-a-note-on-dystonia-and-low-frequency-stimulation
#10
Marcelo D Mendonça, Raquel Barbosa, Alexandra Seromenho-Santos, Carla Reizinho, Paulo Bugalho
Stuttering, a speech fluency disorder, is a rare complication of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson's Disease (PD). We report a 61 years-old patient with PD, afflicted by severe On and Off dystonia, treated with Subthalamic Nucleus DBS that developed post-DBS stuttering while on 130 Hz stimulation. Stuttering reduction was noted when frequency was changed to 80 Hz, but the previously observed dystonia improvement was lost. There are no reports in literature on patients developing stuttering with low-frequency stimulation...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394325/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-left-inferior-frontal-cortex-improves-speech-fluency-in-adults-who-stutter
#11
Jennifer Chesters, Riikka Möttönen, Kate E Watkins
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental condition affecting 5% of children, and persisting in 1% of adults. Promoting lasting fluency improvement in adults who stutter is a particular challenge. Novel interventions to improve outcomes are of value, therefore. Previous work in patients with acquired motor and language disorders reported enhanced benefits of behavioural therapies when paired with transcranial direct current stimulation. Here, we report the results of the first trial investigating whether transcranial direct current stimulation can improve speech fluency in adults who stutter...
January 31, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378280/speech-disfluency-dependent-amygdala-activity-in-adults-who-stutter-neuroimaging-of-interpersonal-communication-in-mri-scanner-environment
#12
Akira Toyomura, Tetsunoshin Fujii, Koichi Yokosawa, Shinya Kuriki
Affective states, such as anticipatory anxiety, critically influence speech communication behavior in adults who stutter. However, there is currently little evidence regarding the involvement of the limbic system in speech disfluency during interpersonal communication. We designed this neuroimaging study and experimental procedure to sample neural activity during interpersonal communication between human participants, and to investigate the relationship between the amygdala activity and speech disfluency. Participants were required to engage in live communication with a stranger of the opposite sex in the MRI scanner environment...
January 25, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376718/enhanced-control-and-reproducibility-of-non-neutral-plasmas
#13
M Ahmadi, B X R Alves, C J Baker, W Bertsche, A Capra, C Carruth, C L Cesar, M Charlton, S Cohen, R Collister, S Eriksson, A Evans, N Evetts, J Fajans, T Friesen, M C Fujiwara, D R Gill, J S Hangst, W N Hardy, M E Hayden, C A Isaac, M A Johnson, S A Jones, S Jonsell, L Kurchaninov, N Madsen, M Mathers, D Maxwell, J T K McKenna, S Menary, T Momose, J J Munich, K Olchanski, A Olin, P Pusa, C Ø Rasmussen, F Robicheaux, R L Sacramento, M Sameed, E Sarid, D M Silveira, C So, G Stutter, T D Tharp, J E Thompson, R I Thompson, D P van der Werf, J S Wurtele
The simultaneous control of the density and particle number of non-neutral plasmas confined in Penning-Malmberg traps is demonstrated. Control is achieved by setting the plasma's density by applying a rotating electric field while simultaneously fixing its axial potential via evaporative cooling. This novel method is particularly useful for stabilizing positron plasmas, as the procedures used to collect positrons from radioactive sources typically yield plasmas with variable densities and particle numbers; it also simplifies optimization studies that require plasma parameter scans...
January 12, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375820/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-priapism
#14
REVIEW
Asif Muneer, Hussain M Alnajjar, David Ralph
Priapism is an uncommon urological emergency that can lead to permanent impotence if prompt presentation and medical intervention is not performed. It is a breakdown of the usual physiological mechanisms controlling penile tumescence and detumescence, leading to a prolonged penile erection (>4 hours) that is unrelated to sexual stimulation. Currently, there are three accepted subtypes: ischaemic, non-ischaemic, and stuttering priapism, which is also known as recurrent ischemic priapism. The aim of treatment is the immediate resolution of the painful erection and the preservation of cavernosal smooth muscle function in order to prevent cavernosal fibrosis, which can lead to penile shortening and permanent erectile dysfunction...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373620/stuttering-and-levetiracetam-case-report-and-research-proposal
#15
Guillermo Mejías, Antonio Oliviero, Juan Antonio Barcia, Cristina Nombela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323402/neurogenic-stuttering-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
C Cruz, H Amorim, G Beca, R Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic stuttering is a disorder of neurologic origin in the rhythm of speech during which the patient knows exactly what he wants to say but is unable to because of an involuntary prolongation, cessation or repetition of a sound. AIM: To assemble new insights regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of neurogenic stuttering. DEVELOPMENT: A review of all PubMed and Scopus published articles between January 2000 and September 2016 was performed...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322186/stuttering-in-preschool-children-direct-versus-indirect-treatment
#18
Marilyn A Nippold
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the controversial topic of stuttering in preschool children and how to evaluate the options for treatment, emphasizing the role of external research evidence. Method: A hypothetical but realistic case study of a 3-year-old boy who stutters is described. Two contrasting approaches to treatment are presented, the Lidcombe Program (LP) and the demands and capacities model (DCM). Studies published in peer-reviewed research journals that have examined the effectiveness of each approach are summarized and critiqued...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322185/selecting-treatments-and-monitoring-outcomes-the-circle-of-evidence-based-practice-and-client-centered-care-in-treating-a-preschool-child-who-stutters
#19
Nan Bernstein Ratner
Purpose: The purpose of the present clinical forum is to compare how 2 clinicians might select among therapy options for a preschool-aged child who presents with stuttering close to onset. Method: I discuss approaches to full evaluation of the child's profile, advisement of evidence-based practice options open to the family, the need for monitoring of the child's response, and selection of other approaches, if the child appears nonresponsive to the 1st-line approach...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322184/comprehensive-stuttering-treatment-for-adolescents-a-case-study
#20
Craig E Coleman
Purpose: This article will focus on a hypothetical case study to highlight comprehensive assessment and treatment for adolescent children who stutter. Method: Assessment and treatment are laid out with a literature review utilizing the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model. Specific assessment and treatment strategies and approaches are discussed. Results: Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model can help guide clinicians through the assessment and treatment process to ensure that all areas of stuttering are considered...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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