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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228195/structural-connectivity-of-right-frontal-hyperactive-areas-scales-with-stuttering-severity
#1
Nicole E Neef, Alfred Anwander, Christoph Bütfering, Carsten Schmidt-Samoa, Angela D Friederici, Walter Paulus, Martin Sommer
A neuronal sign of persistent developmental stuttering is the magnified coactivation of right frontal brain regions during speech production. Whether and how stuttering severity relates to the connection strength of these hyperactive right frontal areas to other brain areas is an open question. Scrutinizing such brain-behaviour and structure-function relationships aims at disentangling suspected underlying neuronal mechanisms of stuttering. Here, we acquired diffusion-weighted and functional images from 31 adults who stutter and 34 matched control participants...
December 8, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#2
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223687/effect-of-control-samples-and-listener-attributes-on-speech-naturalness-ratings-of-people-who-stutter
#3
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223492/young-children-s-family-history-of-stuttering-and-their-articulation-language-and-attentional-abilities-an-exploratory-study
#4
Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Victoria Tumanova, Chagit E Clark, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) with a positive versus negative family history of stuttering differ in articulation, language and attentional abilities and family histories of articulation, language and attention related disorders. METHOD: Participants were 25 young CWS and 50 young CWNS. All 75 participants' caregivers consistently reported a positive or negative family history of stuttering across three consecutive time points that were about 8 months apart for a total of approximately 16 months...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195626/effects-of-emotion-on-the-acoustic-parameters-in-adults-who-stutter-an-exploratory-study
#5
Kim R Bauerly, Jessica Paxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195625/the-experience-of-stuttering-among-ultra-orthodox-and-secular-traditional-jews
#6
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Nitza Katz-Bernstein, Leah Fostick
PURPOSE: This groundbreaking research compares the experience of stuttering among adult male People Who Stutter (PWS) from the ultra-Orthodox (UO) Jewish community in Israel to those from Secular/Traditional (ST) backgrounds. METHODS: Participants were 32 UO and 31 ST PWS, aged 18-67 years. Self-report questionnaires utilized: Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS); Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES-A); Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS); Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195624/self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-who-stutter
#7
Alice Carter, Lauren Breen, J Scott Yaruss, Janet Beilby
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy has emerged as a potential predictor of quality of life for adults who stutter. Research has focused primarily on the positive relationship self-efficacy has to treatment outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life for adults who stutter. The purpose of this mixed- methods study is to determine the predictive value of self-efficacy and its relationship to quality of life for adults who stutter. METHOD: The Self-Efficacy Scale for Adult Stutterers and the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience with Stuttering were administered to 39 adults who stutter, aged 18- 77...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195623/clinical-utility-of-self-disclosure-for-adults-who-stutter-apologetic-versus-informative-statements
#8
Courtney T Byrd, Robyn Croft, Zoi Gkalitsiou, Elizabeth Hampton
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the clinical utility of self-disclosure, particularly, whether disclosing in an informative manner would result in more positive observer ratings of the speaker who stutters than either disclosing in an apologetic manner or choosing not to self-disclose at all. METHOD: Observers (N=338) were randomly assigned to view one of six possible videos (i.e., adult male informative self-disclosure, adult male apologetic self-disclosure, adult male no self-disclosure, adult female informative self-disclosure, adult female apologetic self-disclosure, adult female no self-disclosure)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187684/-a-case-of-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-1e-with-frontal-lobe-dysfunction-as-an-initial-symptom
#9
Masashi Watanabe, Yushi Matsumoto, Kensho Okamoto, Bungo Okuda, Ikuko Mizuta, Toshiki Mizuno
A 49-year-old man had developed gradually personality change, gait disturbance, and hearing loss for five years. On admission, he presented with frontal release signs, stuttering, vertical gaze palsy, sensorineural deafness, muscle rigidity, ataxia, and sensory disturbance with areflexia in the lower extremities. Brain MRI demonstrated atrophy in the cerebellum and midbrain tegmentum as well as cerebral atrophy, predominantly in the frontal lobe. He was tentatively diagnosed as progressive supranuclear palsy on the basis of clinical features and imagings...
November 28, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186179/nonword-repetition-in-adults-who-stutter-the-effects-of-stimuli-stress-and-auditory-orthographic-cues
#10
Geoffrey A Coalson, Courtney T Byrd
PURPOSE: Adults who stutter (AWS) are less accurate in their immediate repetition of novel phonological sequences compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS). The present study examined whether manipulation of the following two aspects of traditional nonword repetition tasks unmask distinct weaknesses in phonological working memory in AWS: (1) presentation of stimuli with less-frequent stress patterns, and (2) removal of auditory-orthographic cues immediately prior to response. METHOD: Fifty-two participants (26 AWS, 26 AWNS) produced 12 bisyllabic nonwords in the presence of corresponding auditory-orthographic cues (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169049/stuttering-adults-lack-of-pre-speech-auditory-modulation-normalizes-when-speaking-with-delayed-auditory-feedback
#11
Ayoub Daliri, Ludo Max
Auditory modulation during speech movement planning is limited in adults who stutter (AWS), but the functional relevance of the phenomenon itself remains unknown. We investigated for AWS and adults who do not stutter (AWNS) (a) a potential relationship between pre-speech auditory modulation and auditory feedback contributions to speech motor learning and (b) the effect on pre-speech auditory modulation of real-time versus delayed auditory feedback. Experiment I used a sensorimotor adaptation paradigm to estimate auditory-motor speech learning...
November 13, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160112/the-human-right-to-communicate-and-our-need-to-listen-learning-from-people-with-a-history-of-childhood-communication-disorder
#12
Jane McCormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe
PURPOSE: In 2013, the Australian Government Senate formed a committee for inquiry and report into the prevalence of speech, language, and communication disorders and speech pathology services in Australia. Submissions were sought from individuals and organisations. In this paper, submissions made by individuals with a history of childhood communication disorder were examined to explore their life experiences and the impact on their lives when the right to communicate could not be enacted...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157667/a-case-of-multiple-system-atrophy-parkinsonian-type-with-stuttering-and-palilalia-like-dysfluencies-and-putaminal-atrophy
#13
Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Taira Uehara, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Koji Yamashita, Akio Hiwatashi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Kazuo Adachi, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami, Jun-Ichi Kira, Takashi Nakagawa
Both developmental and acquired stuttering are related to the function of the basal ganglia-thalamocortical loop, which includes the putamen. Here, we present a case of stuttering- and palilalia-like dysfluencies that manifested as an early symptom of multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type (MSA-P) and bilateral atrophy of the putamen. The patient was a 72-year-old man with no history of developmental stuttering who presented with a stutter for consultation with our otorhinolaryngology department. The patient was diagnosed with MSA-P based on parkinsonism, autonomic dysfunction, and bilateral putaminal atrophy revealed by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157666/cognitive-flexibility-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-stuttering-disorders
#14
Naomi Eichorn, Klara Marton, Steven Pirutinsky
PURPOSE: Multifactorial explanations of developmental stuttering suggest that difficulties in self-regulation and weak attentional flexibility contribute to persisting stuttering. We tested this prediction by examining whether preschool-age children who stutter (CWS) shift their attention less flexibly than children who do not stutter (CWNS) during a modified version of the Dimension Card Change Sort (DCCS), a reliable measure of attention switching for young children. METHODS: Sixteen CWS (12 males) and 30 children CWNS (11 males) participated in the study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149052/flanking-variation-influences-rates-of-stutter-in-simple-repeats
#15
August E Woerner, Jonathan L King, Bruce Budowle
It has been posited that the longest uninterrupted stretch (LUS) of tandem repeats, as defined by the number of exactly matching repeating motif units, is a better predictor of rates of stutter than the parental allele length (PAL). While there are cases where this hypothesis is likely correct, such as the 9.3 allele in the TH01 locus, there can be situations where it may not apply as well. For example, the PAL may capture flanking indel variations while remaining insensitive to polymorphisms in the repeat, and these haplotypic changes may impact the stutter rate...
November 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#16
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125966/stopping-and-slowing-manual-and-spoken-responses-similar-oscillatory-signatures-recorded-from-the-subthalamic-nucleus
#17
Ayda Ghahremani, Jan R Wessel, Kaviraja Udupa, Bogdan Neagu, Ping Zhuang, Utpal Saha, Suneil K Kalia, Mojgan Hodaie, Andres M Lozano, Adam R Aron, Robert Chen
Response control in the forms of stopping and slowing responses is thought to be implemented by a frontal-subcortical network, which includes the subthalamic nucleus (STN). For manual control, stopping is linked to STN beta (13-30 Hz) and slowing responses are linked to lower frequencies (<12 Hz). Whether similar STN oscillatory activities are associated with the control of spoken responses is not clear. We studied 16 patients with STN LFP recordings during manual and vocal stop signal tasks in two experiments...
November 7, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114766/auditory-attentional-set-shifting-and-inhibition-in-children-who-stutter
#18
Kurt Eggers, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether previously reported parental questionnaire-based differences in attentional shifting and inhibitory control (AS and IC; Eggers, De Nil, & Van den Bergh, 2010) would be supported by direct measurement of AS and IC using a computer task. Method: Participants were 16 Finnish children who stutter (CWS; mean age = 7.06 years) and 16 Finnish children who do not stutter (mean age = 7.05 years). Participants were matched on age (±8 months) and gender...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111141/self-stigma-and-its-associations-with-stress-physical-health-and-health-care-satisfaction-in-adults-who-stutter
#19
Michael P Boyle, Alison N Fearon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102664/atypical-callosal-morphology-in-children-with-speech-sound-disorder
#20
Eileen Luders, Florian Kurth, Lauren Pigdon, Gina Conti-Ramsden, Sheena Reilly, Angela T Morgan
Speech sound disorder (SSD) is common, yet its neurobiology is poorly understood. Recent studies indicate atypical structural and functional anomalies either in one hemisphere or both hemispheres, which might be accompanied by alterations in inter-hemispheric connectivity. Indeed, abnormalities of the corpus callosum - the main fiber tract connecting the two hemispheres - have been linked to speech and language deficits in associated disorders, such as stuttering, dyslexia, aphasia, etc. However, there is a dearth of studies examining the corpus callosum in SSD...
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience
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