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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229063/childhood-laryngeal-dystonia-following-bilateral-globus-pallidus-abnormality-a-case-study-and-review-of-literature
#1
Mohammad Javad Saeedi Borujeni, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Mostafa Almasi-Dooghaee
INTRODUCTION: Dystonia is a disorder of movement caused by various etiologies. Laryngeal dystonia is caused by the spasm of laryngeal muscles. It is a disorder caused by vocal fold movement in which excessive adduction or abduction of the vocal folds occurs during speech. The pathophysiology of this type of dystonia is not fully known. Some researchers have suggested that basal ganglia structures and their connections with cortical areas have been involved in the pathogenesis of dystonia...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223858/the-therapeutic-usage-of-botulinum-toxin-botox-in-non-cosmetic-head-and-neck-conditions-an-evidence-based-review
#2
REVIEW
Kamran Habib Awan
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates resulting in inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. The efficacy of Botox in facial aesthetics is well established; however, recent literature has highlighted its utilization in multiple non-cosmetic medical and surgical conditions. The present article reviews the current evidence pertaining to Botox use in the non-cosmetic head and neck conditions...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216127/speaking-related-changes-in-cortical-functional-connectivity-associated-with-assisted-and-spontaneous-recovery-from-developmental-stuttering
#3
Christian A Kell, Katrin Neumann, Marion Behrens, Alexander W von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud
We previously reported speaking-related activity changes associated with assisted recovery induced by a fluency shaping therapy program and unassisted recovery from developmental stuttering (Kell et al., Brain 2009). While assisted recovery re-lateralized activity to the left hemisphere, unassisted recovery was specifically associated with the activation of the left BA 47/12 in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex. These findings suggested plastic changes in speaking-related functional connectivity between left hemispheric speech network nodes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214123/a-tool-for-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-field-scale-sediment-bound-phosphorus-mitigation-measures-and-application-to-analysis-of-spatial-and-temporal-targeting-in-the-lunan-water-catchment-scotland
#4
Andy Vinten, James Sample, Adekunle Ibiyemi, Yakubu Abdul-Salam, Marc Stutter
The cost-effectiveness of six edge-of-field measures for mitigating diffuse pollution from sediment bound phosphorus (P) runoff from temperate arable farmland is analysed at catchment/field scales. These measures were: buffer strips, permanent grassland in the lowest 7% of arable fields, dry detention bunds, wetlands, and temporary barriers such as sediment fences. Baseline field P export was estimated using export coefficients (low risk crops) or a modified Universal Soil Loss Equation (high risk crops). The impact of measures was estimated using simple equations...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214015/anomalous-network-architecture-of-the-resting-brain-in-children-who-stutter
#5
Soo-Eun Chang, Michael Angstadt, Ho Ming Chow, Andrew C Etchell, Emily O Garnett, Ai Leen Choo, Daniel Kessler, Robert C Welsh, Chandra Sripada
PURPOSE: We combined a large longitudinal neuroimaging dataset that includes children who do and do not stutter and a whole-brain network analysis in order to examine the intra- and inter-network connectivity changes associated with stuttering. Additionally, we asked whether whole brain connectivity patterns observed at the initial year of scanning could predict persistent stuttering in later years. METHODS: A total of 224 high-quality resting state fMRI scans collected from 84 children (42 stuttering, 42 controls) were entered into an independent component analysis (ICA), yielding a number of distinct network connectivity maps ("components") as well as expression scores for each component that quantified the degree to which it is expressed for each child...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212721/an-exploration-of-the-mechanisms-of-change-following-an-integrated-group-intervention-for-stuttering-as-perceived-by-school-aged-children-who-stutter-cws
#6
Sarah Caughter, Sandra Dunsmuir
PURPOSE: To explore the process of change and role of resilience following an integrated group intervention for children who stutter (CWS). METHOD: Using an exploratory multiple case study design, this research sought to identify the most significant changes perceived by seven participants following therapy, the mechanisms of change, and the role of resilience in the process of change. Quantitative measurements of resilience were combined with qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212720/the-japanese-version-of-the-overall-assessment-of-the-speaker-s-experience-of-stuttering-for-adults-oases-a-j-translation-and-psychometric-evaluation
#7
Naomi Sakai, Shin Ying Chu, Koichi Mori, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the psychometric performance of the Japanese version of the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering for Adults (OASES-A), a comprehensive assessment tool of individuals who stutter. METHODS: The OASES-A-J was administered to 200 adults who stutter in Japan. All respondents also evaluated their own speech (SA scale), satisfaction of their own speech (SS scale) and the Japanese translation version of the Modified Erickson Communication Attitude scale (S-24)...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212719/language-skills-of-children-during-the-first-12-months-after-stuttering-onset
#8
Amy Watts, Patricia Eadie, Susan Block, Fiona Mensah, Sheena Reilly
PURPOSE: To describe the language development in a sample of young children who stutter during the first 12 months after stuttering onset was reported. METHODS: Language production was analysed in a sample of 66 children who stuttered (aged 2-4 years). The sample were identified from a pre-existing prospective, community based longitudinal cohort. Data were collected at three time points within the first year after stuttering onset. Stuttering severity was measured, and global indicators of expressive language proficiency (length of utterances and grammatical complexity) were derived from the samples and summarised...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212718/a-speech-and-psychological-profile-of-treatment-seeking-adolescents-who-stutter
#9
Lisa Iverach, Robyn Lowe, Mark Jones, Susan O'Brian, Ross G Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stuttering severity, psychological functioning, and overall impact of stuttering, in a large sample of adolescents who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 102 adolescents (11-17 years) seeking speech treatment for stuttering, including 86 boys and 16 girls, classified into younger (11-14 years, n=57) and older (15-17 years, n=45) adolescents. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between speech and psychological variables and overall impact of stuttering...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212717/japanese-normative-data-for-the-unhelpful-thoughts-and-beliefs-about-stuttering-utbas-scales-for-adults-who-stutter
#10
Shin Ying Chu, Naomi Sakai, Koichi Mori, Lisa Iverach
PURPOSE: This study reports Japanese normative data for the Unhelpful Thoughts and Beliefs about Stuttering (UTBAS) scales. We outline the translation process, and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the UTBAS scales. METHODS: The translation of the UTBAS scales into Japanese (UTBAS-J) was completed using the standard forward-backward translation process, and was administered to 130 Japanese adults who stutter. To validate the UTBAS-J scales, scores for the Japanese and Australian cohorts were compared...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197011/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-an-adult-who-stutters
#11
Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193505/statistical-modelling-of-ion-pgm-hid-str-10-plex-mps-data
#12
Søren B Vilsen, Torben Tvedebrink, Helle Smidt Mogensen, Niels Morling
We investigated the results of short tandem repeat (STR) markers of dilution series experiments and reference profiles generated using the Ion PGM massively parallel sequencing platform utilising the HID STR 10-plex panel. The STR markers were identified by the marker specific flanking regions of the STR region. We investigated the following: (1) the usage of quality measures for identifying substitution errors, (2) the heterozygote balance and compared it to that of capillary electrophoresis (CE), (3) the stability of the coverage and the consequence of IonExpress Barcode adapter (IBA) sampling with decreasing amounts of template DNA, (4) the hypothesis that the parental longest uninterrupted stretch (LUS) is a better linear predictor of stutter ratio than the parent allele length, (5) the use of parental allele length as a predictor of shoulder ratio, and (6) the removal of non-systematic erroneous sequences using dynamic thresholds created by fitting the distribution of the non-systematic erroneous sequences...
February 3, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192074/practical-informativeness-of-short-tandem-repeat-loci-for-chimerism-analysis-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Eunhee Han, Myungshin Kim, Yonggoo Kim, Kyungja Han, Jihyang Lim, Dain Kang, Gun Dong Lee, Jung Rok Kim, Jae-Wook Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Ki-Seong Eom, Yoo-Jin Kim, Hee-Je Kim, Seok Lee, Seok-Goo Cho, Chang-Ki Min, Dong-Wook Kim, JongWook Lee, Woo-Sung Min
OBJECTIVE: Short tandem repeat (STR) loci are most frequently used for chimerism analysis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the practical informativeness of STR chimerism by integrating theoretical and analytical points. METHODS: Theoretical and practical informativess of 16 STR loci were evaluated from 1249 pairs of recipients and donors who were prepared for HSCT. RESULTS: Theoretical informativeness was influenced by genetic diversity including allele frequency and heterozygosity, and was higher in the unrelated HSCT group (90...
February 10, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191730/stuttering-as-a-trait-or-a-state-revisited-motor-system-involvement-in-persistent-developmental-stuttering
#14
Michel Belyk, Shelly Jo Kraft, Steven Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179817/the-placenta-and-neurodevelopment-sex-differences-in-prenatal-vulnerability
#15
Tracy L Bale
Prenatal insults, such as maternal stress, are associated with an increased neurodevelopmental disease risk and impact males significantly more than females, including increased rates of autism, mental retardation, stuttering, dyslexia, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Sex differences in the placenta, which begin with sex chromosomes, are likely to produce sex-specific transplacental signals to the developing brain. Our studies and others have identified X-linked genes that are expressed at higher levels in the female placenta...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159356/a-real-time-phoneme-counting-algorithm-and-application-for-speech-rate-monitoring
#16
Vered Aharonson, Eran Aharonson, Katia Raichlin-Levi, Aviv Sotzianu, Ofer Amir, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman
Adults who stutter can learn to control and improve their speech fluency by modifying their speaking rate. Existing speech therapy technologies can assist this practice by monitoring speaking rate and providing feedback to the patient, but cannot provide an accurate, quantitative measurement of speaking rate. Moreover, most technologies are too complex and costly to be used for home practice. We developed an algorithm and a smartphone application that monitor a patient's speaking rate in real time and provide user-friendly feedback to both patient and therapist...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144622/the-effects-of-pitch-shifts-on-delay-induced-changes-in-vocal-sequencing-in-a-songbird
#17
MacKenzie Wyatt, Emily A Berthiaume, Conor W Kelly, Samuel J Sober
Like human speech, vocal behavior in songbirds depends critically on auditory feedback. In both humans and songbirds, vocal skills are acquired by a process of imitation whereby current vocal production is compared to an acoustic target. Similarly, performance in adulthood relies strongly on auditory feedback, and online manipulations of auditory signals can dramatically alter acoustic production even after vocalizations have been well learned. Artificially delaying auditory feedback can disrupt both speech and birdsong, and internal delays in auditory feedback have been hypothesized as a cause of vocal dysfluency in persons who stutter...
January 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131338/response-based-selection-of-barley-cultivars-and-legume-species-for-complementarity-root-morphology-and-exudation-in-relation-to-nutrient-source
#19
Courtney D Giles, Lawrie K Brown, Michael O Adu, Malika M Mezeli, Graeme A Sandral, Richard J Simpson, Renate Wendler, Charles A Shand, Daniel Menezes-Blackburn, Tegan Darch, Marc I Stutter, David G Lumsdon, Hao Zhang, Martin S A Blackwell, Catherine Wearing, Patricia Cooper, Philip M Haygarth, Timothy S George
Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) use efficiency may be improved through increased biodiversity in agroecosystems. Phenotypic variation in plants' response to nutrient deficiency may influence positive complementarity in intercropping systems. A multicomponent screening approach was used to assess the influence of P supply and N source on the phenotypic plasticity of nutrient foraging traits in barley (H. vulgare L.) and legume species. Root morphology and exudation were determined in six plant nutrient treatments...
February 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115192/children-who-stutter-show-reduced-action-related-activity-in-the-rostral-cingulate-zone
#20
A Harrewijn, M A Schel, H Boelens, C M Nater, P Haggard, E A Crone
Previous studies have indicated that children who stutter show not only speech-related problems, but also wider difficulties in self-control. In this study we test the novel hypothesis that children who stutter may experience difficulties with inhibitory control over voluntary actions. We used functional MRI to compare brain activity between children who stutter and children who do not stutter in a task that captures key cognitive aspects of voluntary action control. Participants performed a rolling marble task, in which they were instructed to press a key to stop a rolling marble from crashing on some of the trials (instructed action condition)...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
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