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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723687/small-intestine-submucosa-is-a-potential-material-for-intrauterine-adhesions-treatment-in-a-rat-model
#1
Desheng Kong, Lin Zhang, Xin Xu, Jingkun Zhang, Yanan Li, Xianghua Huang
OBJECTIVE: To study whether small intestine submucosa (SIS) could be a treatment option for preventing the formation of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). METHODS: The IUAs model was established by mechanical curettage and infectious injury in a rat model. One uterine horn of the rat model was treated with the transplantation of SIS (SIS group) and the other one was left without any treatment (control group). The endometrium was evaluated with endometrial thickness, number of glands and fibrosis area...
July 20, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#2
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720029/the-effects-of-the-relaxation-response-on-nurses-level-of-anxiety-depression-well-being-work-related-stress-and-confidence-to-teach-patients
#3
Catherine Calder Calisi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was threefold: to teach nurses the Relaxation Response ( RR), a relaxation technique created by Benson; to measure the effects of the RR on nurses' levels of anxiety, depression, well-being, and work-related stress; and to explore nurses' confidence in teaching their patients the RR. DESIGN: A wait-list, randomized-control quantitative study design was used. METHOD: Nurses in the intervention group were trained on the benefits and the technique of the RR and were then asked to practice the RR over an 8-week period...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719883/sublethal-insecticide-exposure-affects-reproduction-chemical-phenotype-as-well-as-offspring-development-and-antennae-symmetry-of-a-leaf-beetle
#4
Thorben Müller, Alexander Prosche, Caroline Müller
The area of agriculturally used land and following to that the use of pesticides are steadily increasing. Insecticides do not only reduce pest organisms on crops but can also affect non-target organisms when present in sublethal concentrations in the environment. We investigated the effects of an exposure to sublethal pyrethroid (lambda-cyhalothrin) concentrations, at doses 20 and 60 times lower than the LC50, respectively, on reproductive traits and adult cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profiles of a leaf beetle (Phaedon cochleariae Fabricius)...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719815/receptiveness-to-participation-in-genetic-research-a-pilot-study-comparing-views-of-people-with-depression-diabetes-or-no-illness
#5
Laura Weiss Roberts, Jane Paik Kim
BACKGROUND: Genetic research in human health relies on the participation of individuals with or at-risk for different types of diseases, including health conditions that may be stigmatized, such as mental illnesses. This preliminary study examines the differences in attitudes toward participation in genetic research among individuals with a psychiatric disorder, individuals with a physical disorder, and individuals with no known illness. METHODS: Seventy-nine individuals with a history of diabetes or depression, or no known illness, underwent a simulated consent process for a hypothetical genetic research study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719403/passive-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-hearing-implants-a-systematic-review
#6
Timothy Cooper, Brendan McDonald, Allan Ho
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on currently available passive transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implants (pTCBI) with regard to complications, audiological outcomes, and quality-of-life scores. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: All identified English-language articles reporting on the implantation of currently available pTCBI's and their complications. Both pediatric and adult patients were included...
July 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718804/electromagnetic-differential-measuring-method-application-in-microstrip-sensors-developing
#7
Francisco Javier Ferrández-Pastor, Juan Manuel García-Chamizo, Mario Nieto-Hidalgo
Electromagnetic radiation is energy that interacts with matter. The interaction process is of great importance to the sensing applications that characterize material media. Parameters like constant dielectric represent matter characteristics and they are identified using emission, interaction and reception of electromagnetic radiation in adapted environmental conditions. How the electromagnetic wave responds when it interacts with the material media depends on the range of frequency used and the medium parameters...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718520/putting-public-health-infrastructures-to-the-test-introducing-hpv-vaccination-in-austria-and-the-netherlands
#8
Katharina T Paul, Iris Wallenburg, Roland Bal
This article presents two cases of policymaking concerning the vaccine against Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), which is sexually transmitted and carcinogenic. Our analysis focuses on its introduction in Austria and the Netherlands. In both contexts, we find prevention and screening to be at once complementary and competing public health logics and we draw on the concept of 'infrastructure' to understand their roles in shaping the reception of the vaccine. We reveal how the HPV vaccine had to be made 'good enough', much like the Pap smear (Casper and Clarke ), by means of diverse tinkering practices that transformed both the technology and the infrastructures in which they emerged...
July 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717219/versatile-functional-roles-of-horizontal-cells-in-the-retinal-circuit
#9
Taro Chaya, Akihiro Matsumoto, Yuko Sugita, Satoshi Watanabe, Ryusuke Kuwahara, Masao Tachibana, Takahisa Furukawa
In the retinal circuit, environmental light signals are converted into electrical signals that can be decoded properly by the brain. At the first synapse of the visual system, information flow from photoreceptors to bipolar cells is modulated by horizontal cells (HCs), however, their functional contribution to retinal output and individual visual function is not fully understood. In the current study, we investigated functional roles for HCs in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) response properties and optokinetic responses by establishing a HC-depleted mouse line...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716793/the-realities-of-partnership-in-person-centred-care-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-patients-and-professionals
#10
Axel Wolf, Lucy Moore, Doris Lydahl, Öncel Naldemirci, Mark Elam, Nicky Britten
OBJECTIVE: Although conceptual definitions of person-centred care (PCC) vary, most models value the involvement of patients through patient-professional partnerships. While this may increase patients' sense of responsibility and control, research is needed to further understand how this partnership is created and perceived. This study aims to explore the realities of partnership as perceived by patients and health professionals in everyday PCC practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study employing a thematic analysis of semistructured interviews with professionals and patients...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716607/seven-pass-cadherins-celsr1-3
#11
REVIEW
Andre M Goffinet, Fadel Tissir
Cadherin EGF LAG seven-pass G-type receptors 1, 2 and 3 (CELSR1-3) form a family of three atypical cadherins with multiple functions in epithelia and in the nervous system. During the past decade, evidence has accumulated for a key role of CELSR1 in epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP), and for CELSR2 and CELSR3 in ciliogenesis and neural development, especially neuron migration and axon guidance in the central, peripheral and enteric nervous systems. Phenotypes in mutant mice indicate that CELSR proteins work in concert with FZD3 and FZD6, but several questions remain...
July 14, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716426/hormone-dependent-uterine-epithelial-stromal-communication-for-pregnancy-support
#12
Xiaoqiu Wang, San-Pin Wu, Francesco J DeMayo
Human fertility is a relatively inefficient process. Despite the presence of visibly healthy embryos, 30% of pregnancies generated by assisted reproductive technology (ART) fail before the second trimester. The uterine microenvironment plays a critical role in establishing and maintaining a successful pregnancy that requires coordinated communication between the epithelial and stromal cells of the endometrium. The epithelial cells must cease proliferation and become permissive for the conceptus (embryo and associated extraembryonic membranes), while the stromal cells undergoes mesenchymal-to-epithelioid transformation to form the decidua in support of subsequent embryo development...
July 6, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715957/the-transduction-cascade-in-retinal-on-bipolar-cells-signal-processing-and-disease
#13
Kirill A Martemyanov, Alapakkam P Sampath
Our robust visual experience is based on the reliable transfer of information from our photoreceptor cells, the rods and cones, to higher brain centers. At the very first synapse of the visual system, information is split into two separate pathways, ON and OFF, which encode increments and decrements in light intensity, respectively. The importance of this segregation is borne out in the fact that receptive fields in higher visual centers maintain a separation between ON and OFF regions. In the past decade, the molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of ON signals have been identified, which is unique in its use of a G-protein signaling cascade...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715955/the-functional-neuroanatomy-of-human-face-perception
#14
Kalanit Grill-Spector, Kevin S Weiner, Kendrick Kay, Jesse Gomez
Face perception is critical for normal social functioning and is mediated by a network of regions in the ventral visual stream. In this review, we describe recent neuroimaging findings regarding the macro- and microscopic anatomical features of the ventral face network, the characteristics of white matter connections, and basic computations performed by population receptive fields within face-selective regions composing this network. We emphasize the importance of the neural tissue properties and white matter connections of each region, as these anatomical properties may be tightly linked to the functional characteristics of the ventral face network...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715674/the-presence-of-licit-and-illicit-drugs-in-police-stations-and-their-implications-for-workplace-drug-testing
#15
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
The presence of licit and illicit drug residues on surfaces was studied in 10 police stations and a central drug evidence store in New South Wales, Australia, with the results compared to similar surfaces in four public buildings (to establish a community baseline). The results of almost 850 workplace surface swabs were also compared to the outcome of drug analysis in urine and hair samples volunteered by police officers. Surfaces were swabbed with alcohol and the swabs were extracted and analysed by LC-MS/MS...
July 5, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715547/identifying-the-dimensionality-of-oral-language-skills-of-children-with-typical-development-in-preschool-through-fifth-grade
#16
Christopher J Lonigan, Trelani F Milburn
Purpose: Language is a multidimensional construct from prior to the beginning of formal schooling to near the end of elementary school. The primary goals of this study were to identify the dimensionality of language and to determine whether this dimensionality was consistent in children with typical language development from preschool through 5th grade. Method: In a large sample of 1,895 children, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with 19-20 measures of language intended to represent 6 factors, including domains of vocabulary and syntax/grammar across modalities of expressive and receptive language, listening comprehension, and vocabulary depth...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714832/satisfaction-of-tuberculosis-patients-with-health-services-in-ghana
#17
Frank Bonsu, Felix Afutu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Mary-Anne Ahiabu, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Purpose Within human services, client satisfaction is highly prioritised and considered a mark of responsiveness in service delivery. A large body of research has examined the concept of satisfaction from the perspective of service users. However, not much is known about how service providers construct client satisfaction. The purpose of this paper is to throw light on healthcare professionals' perspectives on patient satisfaction, using tuberculosis (TB) clinics as a case study. Design/methodology/approach In-depth interviews were conducted with 35 TB clinic supervisors purposively sampled from six out of the ten regions of Ghana...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712685/emergency-medical-services-perspectives-on-identifying-and-reporting-victims-of-elder-abuse-neglect-and-self-neglect
#18
Tony Rosen, Cynthia Lien, Michael E Stern, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Regina Mysliwiec, Thomas J McCarthy, Sunday Clark, Mary R Mulcare, Daniel S Ribaudo, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer, Neal E Flomenbaum
BACKGROUND: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers, who perform initial assessments of ill and injured patients, often in a patient's home, are uniquely positioned to identify potential victims of elder abuse, neglect, or self-neglect. Despite this, few organized programs exist to ensure that EMS concerns are communicated to or further investigated by other health care providers, social workers, or the authorities. OBJECTIVE: To explore attitudes and self-reported practices of EMS providers surrounding identification and reporting of elder mistreatment...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711950/mathematical-models-of-electrical-activity-in-plants
#19
REVIEW
Ekaterina Sukhova, Elena Akinchits, Vladimir Sukhov
Electrical activity plays an important role in plant life; in particular, electrical responses can participate in the reception of the action of stressors (local electrical responses and oscillations) and signal transduction into unstimulated parts of the plant (action potential, variation potential and system potential). Understanding the mechanisms of electrical responses and subsequent changes in physiological processes and the prediction of plant responses to stressors requires the elaboration of mathematical models of electrical activity in plant organisms...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710926/speech-and-language-therapy-service-delivery-overcoming-limited-provision-for-children
#20
L M T Jesus, J Martinez, A R Valente, M C Costa
OBJECTIVES: To test an alternative Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) service delivery model based on partnerships between a University and local schools and charities, and to report on the impact and feasibility of intervention based on long-term outcome measures and three case studies with individual analysis of Reliable Change. STUDY DESIGN: The following six-step model was tested: 1-establishing partnerships; 2-flagging children; 3-pre-treatment SLT assessment; 4-reporting and discussion with parents and teachers; 5-treatment; 6-post-treatment assessment...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
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