keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epoxygenase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713881/drug-delivery-and-nanoformulations-for-the-cardiovascular-system
#1
W J Geldenhuys, M T Khayat, J Yun, M A Nayeem
Therapeutic delivery to the cardiovascular system may play an important role in the successful treatment of a variety of disease state, including atherosclerosis, ischemic-reperfusion injury and other types of microvascular diseases including hypertension. In this review we evaluate the different options available for the development of suitable delivery systems that include the delivery of small organic compounds [adenosin A2A receptor agonist (CGS 21680), CYP-epoxygenases inhibitor (N-(methylsulfonyl)-2-(2-propynyloxy)-benzenehexanamide, trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-ylureido)cyclohexyloxy] benzoic acid), soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (N-methylsulfonyl-12,12-dibromododec-11-enamide), PPARγ agonist (rosiglitazone) and PPARγ antagonist (T0070907)], nanoparticles, peptides, and siRNA to the cardiovascular system...
February 2017: Res Rev Drug Deliv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713267/epoxyeicosatrienoic-acid-analog-decreases-renal-fibrosis-by-reducing-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#2
Melissa Skibba, Md Abdul Hye Khan, Lauren L Kolb, Michael M Yeboah, John R Falck, Radhika Amaradhi, John D Imig
Renal fibrosis, which is a critical pathophysiological event in chronic kidney diseases, is associated with renal epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are Cyp epoxygenase arachidonic acid metabolites that demonstrate biological actions that result in kidney protection. Herein, we investigated the ability of 14,15-EET and its synthetic analog, EET-A, to reduce kidney fibrosis induced by unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO). C57/BL6 male mice underwent sham or UUO surgical procedures and were treated with 14,15-EET or EET-A in osmotic pump (i...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687674/anti-inflammatory-%C3%AF-3-endocannabinoid-epoxides
#3
Daniel R McDougle, Josephine E Watson, Amr A Abdeen, Reheman Adili, Megan P Caputo, John E Krapf, Rodney W Johnson, Kristopher A Kilian, Michael Holinstat, Aditi Das
Clinical studies suggest that diets rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) provide beneficial anti-inflammatory effects, in part through their conversion to bioactive metabolites. Here we report on the endogenous production of a previously unknown class of ω-3 PUFA-derived lipid metabolites that originate from the crosstalk between endocannabinoid and cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase metabolic pathways. The ω-3 endocannabinoid epoxides are derived from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to form epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid-ethanolamide (EEQ-EA) and epoxydocosapentaenoic acid-ethanolamide (EDP-EA), respectively...
July 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616567/cyp2c19-variants-and-epoxyeicosatrienoic-acids-in-patients-with-microvascular-angina
#4
Tomonori Akasaka, Daisuke Sueta, Yuichiro Arima, Noriaki Tabata, Seiji Takashio, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Kenichi Tsujita, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Ayami Kajiwara, Kazunori Morita, Kentaro Oniki, Junji Saruwatari, Kazuko Nakagawa, Seiji Hokimoto
BACKGROUND: Categorization as a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 poor metabolizer (PM) is reported to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are metabolites of arachidonic acid by CYP2C19 epoxygenases and anti-inflammatory properties, especially in microvascular tissues. We examined the impact of CYP2C19 polymorphisms and EETs on the patients with microvascular angina (MVA) caused by coronary microvascular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined CYP2C19 genotypes in patients with MVA (n = 81)...
June 2017: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551025/cytochrome-p450-derived-eicosanoids-and-heart-function
#5
REVIEW
K Lockhart Jamieson, Tomoko Endo, Ahmed M Darwesh, Victor Samokhvalov, John M Seubert
The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system (CYP) is a multigene superfamily of enzymes, which are important in the metabolism foreign and endogenous compounds. CYP isoforms metabolize a number of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), including linoleic acid (18:2n6, LA), arachidonic acid (20:4n6, AA), ecosapentaenoic acid (20:5n3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n3, DHA) into bioactive lipid mediators, termed eicosanoids. CYP-derived eicosanoids have numerous effects toward physiological and pathophysiological events within the body, which depends on the type, quantity and timing of metabolites produced...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550179/cyp2c44-gene-disruption-is-associated-with-increased-hematopoietic-stem-cells-implication-in-chronic-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-hypertension
#6
Ryota Hashimoto, Sachindra Raj Joshi, Houli Jiang, Jorge H Capdevila, Ivan F McMurtry, Michal Laniado Schwartzman, Sachin A Gupte
We have recently demonstrated that disruption of the murine cytochrome P450 2c44 gene exacerbates chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery remodeling and hypertension in mice. Subsequently, we serendipitously found that Cyp2c44 gene disruption also increases hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) number in bone marrow and blood. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether Cyp2c44 disruption regulates HSC phenotype and whether increases in differentiated HSCs contribute to chronic hypoxia-induced remodeling of pulmonary arteries...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527918/cytochrome-p450-eicosanoids-in-cerebrovascular-function-and-disease
#7
REVIEW
Catherine M Davis, Xuehong Liu, Nabil J Alkayed
Cytochrome P450 eicosanoids play important roles in brain function and disease through their complementary actions on cell-cell communications within the neurovascular unit (NVU) and mechanisms of brain injury. Epoxy- and hydroxyeicosanoids, respectively formed by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and ω-hydroxylases, play opposing roles in cerebrovascular function and in pathological processes underlying neural injury, including ischemia, neuroinflammation and oxidative injury. P450 eicosanoids also contribute to cerebrovascular disease risk factors, including hypertension and diabetes...
May 17, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521794/in-vitro-synthesis-of-9-10-dihydroxyhexadecanoic-acid-using-recombinant-escherichia-coli
#8
Anees Kaprakkaden, Preeti Srivastava, Virendra Swarup Bisaria
BACKGROUND: Hydroxy fatty acids are widely used in food, chemical and cosmetic industries. A variety of dihydroxy fatty acids have been synthesized so far; however, no studies have been done on the synthesis of 9,10-dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid. In the present study recombinant E. coli has been used for the heterologous expression of fatty acid hydroxylating enzymes and the whole cell lysate of the induced culture was used for in vitro production of 9,10-dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid. RESULTS: A first of its kind proof of principle has been successfully demonstrated for the production of 9,10-dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid using three different enzymes viz...
May 18, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513222/the-contribution-of-cyp2c-gene-subfamily-involved-in-epoxygenase-pathway-of-arachidonic-acids-metabolism-to-hypertension-susceptibility-in-russian-population
#9
Alexey Polonikov, Marina Bykanova, Irina Ponomarenko, Svetlana Sirotina, Anna Bocharova, Kseniya Vagaytseva, Vadim Stepanov, Mikhail Churnosov, Olga Bushueva, Maria Solodilova, Yaroslav Shvetsov, Vladimir Ivanov
Numerous studies demonstrated an importance of cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acids metabolism for the pathogenesis of essential hypertension (EH). The present study was designed to investigate whether common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of CYP2C gene subfamily such as CYP2C8 (rs7909236 and rs1934953), CYP2C9 (rs9332242), and CYP2C19 (rs4244285) are associated with susceptibility to EH in Russian population. A total of 816 unrelated Russian individuals comprising 425 EH patients and 391 normotensive controls were included into the study...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488585/eets-reduces-lps-induced-hyperpermeability-by-targeting-grp78-mediated-src-activation-and-subsequent-rho-rock-signaling-pathway
#10
Ruolan Dong, Danli Hu, Yan Yang, Zhihui Chen, Menglu Fu, Dao Wen Wang, Xizhen Xu, Ling Tu
Integrity of endothelial barrier is a determinant of the prognosis in the acute lung injury caused by sepsis. The epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), metabolites of arachidonic acid, exhibit protective effects in various pathogenic states, however, whether EETs play a role in endothelial barrier enhancement and the involved mechanisms remain to be investigated. Here, we show that increased EETs level by endothelial specific cytochrome P450 epoxygenase 2J2 over-expression and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor TPPU reduced lipopolysaccharide-induced endothelial hyper-permeability in vivo, accompanied by improved survival of septic mice...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403941/obesity-is-positively-associated-with-arachidonic-acid-derived-5-and-11-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic-acid-hete
#11
Charles Austin Pickens, Lorraine M Sordillo, Chen Zhang, Jenifer I Fenton
BACKGROUND: Oxylipids are oxygenated polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolites that are responsible for the onset and resolution of the inflammatory response. Enzymatic oxygenation through the lipoxygenase (LOX) or cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathways can form oxylipids that have either proinflammatory or proresolving functions depending on the type of PUFA substrate and degree of metabolism. The objective of this study was to determine how PUFA substrates and their corresponding oxylipids are associated with obesity...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384353/generation-and-characterization-of-epoxide-hydrolase-3-ephx3-deficient-mice
#12
Samantha L Hoopes, Artiom Gruzdev, Matthew L Edin, Joan P Graves, J Alyce Bradbury, Gordon P Flake, Fred B Lih, Laura M DeGraff, Darryl C Zeldin
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid into epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which play an important role in blood pressure regulation, protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, angiogenesis, and inflammation. Epoxide hydrolases metabolize EETs to their corresponding diols (dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids; DHETs) which are biologically less active. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1, mEH) and soluble epoxide hydrolase (EPHX2, sEH) were identified >30 years ago and are capable of hydrolyzing EETs to DHETs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352940/cytochrome-p450-epoxygenase-derived-epoxyeicosatrienoic-acids-contribute-to-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice-and-in-humans
#13
Mahesha H Gangadhariah, Blake W Dieckmann, Louise Lantier, Li Kang, David H Wasserman, Manuel Chiusa, Charles F Caskey, Jaime Dickerson, Pengcheng Luo, Jorge L Gamboa, Jorge H Capdevila, John D Imig, Chang Yu, Ambra Pozzi, James M Luther
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insulin resistance is frequently associated with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. The cytochrome P450 (CYP) arachidonic acid epoxygenases (CYP2C, CYP2J) and their epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) products lower blood pressure and may also improve glucose homeostasis. However, the direct contribution of endogenous EET production on insulin sensitivity has not been previously investigated. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that endogenous CYP2C-derived EETs alter insulin sensitivity by analysing mice lacking CYP2C44, a major EET producing enzyme, and by testing the association of plasma EETs with insulin sensitivity in humans...
June 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328948/vascular-endothelial-overexpression-of-human-cyp2j2-tie2-cyp2j2-tr-modulates-cardiac-oxylipin-profiles-and-enhances-coronary-reactive-hyperemia-in-mice
#14
Ahmad Hanif, Matthew L Edin, Darryl C Zeldin, Christophe Morisseau, John R Falck, Mohammed A Nayeem
Arachidonic acid is metabolized to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) by cytochrome (CYP) P450 epoxygenases, and to ω-terminal hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) by ω-hydroxylases. EETs and HETEs often have opposite biologic effects; EETs are vasodilatory and protect against ischemia/reperfusion injury, while ω-terminal HETEs are vasoconstrictive and cause vascular dysfunction. Other oxylipins, such as epoxyoctadecaenoic acids (EpOMEs), hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), and prostanoids also have varied vascular effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319086/cytochrome-p450-cyp-epoxygenases-as-potential-targets-in-the-management-of-impaired-diabetic-wound-healing
#15
Huichen Zhao, Jicui Chen, Jiachao Chai, Yuchao Zhang, Cong Yu, Zhe Pan, Peng Gao, Chen Zong, Qingbo Guan, Yuqin Fu, Yuantao Liu
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are the epoxidation products of arachidonic acid catalyzed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases, which possess multiple biological activities. In the present study, we aimed to explore the role and effects of CYP epoxygenases/EETs in wound healing in ob/ob mice. Full-thickness skin dorsal wounds were made on ob/ob mice and C57BL/6 control mice. The mRNA and protein expression of CYP epoxygenases were determined in granulation tissues of wounds. Effects of EETs on wound healing were evaluated...
March 20, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212823/cyp-epoxygenase-derived-h2o2-is-involved-in-the-endothelium-derived-hyperpolarization-edh-and-relaxation-of-intrarenal-arteries
#16
Mercedes Muñoz, Maria Elvira López-Oliva, Estéfano Pinilla, María Pilar Martínez, Ana Sánchez, Claudia Rodríguez, Albino García-Sacristán, Medardo Hernández, Luis Rivera, Dolores Prieto
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) like hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are involved in the in endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH)-type relaxant responses of coronary and mesenteric arterioles. The role of ROS in kidney vascular function has mainly been investigated in the context of harmful ROS generation associated to kidney disease. The present study was sought to investigate whether H2O2 is involved in the endothelium-dependent relaxations of intrarenal arteries as well the possible endothelial sources of ROS generation involved in these responses...
February 14, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140329/the-role-of-cytochrome-p450-epoxygenases-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-and-epoxyeicosatrienoic-acids-in-metabolic-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Xizhen Xu, Rui Li, Guangzhi Chen, Samantha L Hoopes, Darryl C Zeldin, Dao Wen Wang
Metabolic diseases are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The features comprising metabolic diseases include obesity, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Recent evidence has emerged showcasing a role for cytochrome P450 epoxygenases, soluble epoxide hydrolase, and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in the development and progression of metabolic diseases. This review discusses the current knowledge related to the modulation of cytochrome P450 epoxygenases and soluble epoxide hydrolase to alter concentrations of biologically active EETs, resulting in effects on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, obesity, and diabetes...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030819/hyperhomocysteinemia-results-from-and-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-cyp450-metabolism-by-cyp2j2-dna-methylation
#18
Donghong Zhang, Jinli Lou, Xu Zhang, Lin Zhang, Fei Wang, Danfei Xu, Na Niu, Yidong Wang, Yue Wu, Wei Cui
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) can result from liver disease or dysfunction and further alters intracellular lipid metabolism. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) arachidonic acid epoxygenases are expressed in human cancers and promote cancer metastasis. This study explored the interaction of Hcy and CYP450 metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The levels of 4-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) isomers and their generative enzyme CYP2J2 level as well as intracellular Hcy level were higher in 42 cases of HCC than in paired non-tumor tissue...
February 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007573/5-6-%C3%AE-dhtl-a-stable-metabolite-of-arachidonic-acid-is-a-potential-edhf-that-mediates-microvascular-dilation
#19
Reut Levi-Rosenzvig, Andreas M Beyer, Joseph Hockenberry, Rotem Shelly Ben-Shushan, Dimitry Chuyun, Shahar Atiya, Snait Tamir, David D Gutterman, Andrea Szuchman-Sapir
OBJECTIVE: Prominent among the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs) are the Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase-derived arachidonic acid metabolites-the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), that are known as vasodilators in the microcirculation. Among the EET isomers, 5,6-EET undergoes rapid lactonization in aqueous solution to the more stable 5,6-δ DHTL (5,6-dihydroxytrienoic lactone) isomer. It is unclear whether this metabolic transformation maintains its vasodilator potential and what is the mechanism of action...
December 19, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992998/asymmetric-binding-and-metabolism-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-pufas-by-cyp2j2-epoxygenase
#20
William R Arnold, Javier L Baylon, Emad Tajkhorshid, Aditi Das
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2J2 is the primary epoxygenase in the heart and is responsible for the epoxidation of arachidonic acid (AA), an ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), into anti-inflammatory epoxide metabolites. It also epoxidizes other PUFAs such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), linoleic acid (LA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Herein, we have performed detailed thermodynamic and kinetic analyses to determine how DHA, LA, and EPA modulate the metabolism of AA by CYP2J2. We use the Nanodisc system to stabilize CYP2J2 and its redox partner, CYP reductase (CPR)...
December 20, 2016: Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
45697
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"