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Yong Zhou, Tian Liu, Jia-Xi Duan, Ping Li, Guo-Ying Sun, Yong-Ping Liu, Jun Zhang, Liang Dong, Kin Sing Stephen Lee, Bruce D Hammcok, Jian-Xin Jiang, Cha-Xiang Guan
Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by rapid alveolar injury, vascular leakage, lung inflammation, neutrophil accumulation, and induced cytokines production leading to lung edema. The mortality rate of patients suffering from ALI remains high. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450-dependent derivatives of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) with anti-hypertensive, profibrinolytic and anti-inflammatory functions. EETs are rapidly hydrated by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to their less potent diols...
October 6, 2016: Shock
Roopali Prajapati, Arpan Bhattacharya, Tushar Kanti Mukherjee
The influence of size on the efficiency of the nanometal surface energy transfer (NSET) process between excited donors and different sized metal nanoparticles (NPs) is poorly explored in the literature. Here we present a systematic study by correlating the size of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) with the efficiency of excitation energy transfer (EET) from carbon dots (CDs) to Ag NPs. Three different sized citrate-capped Ag NPs with a mean hydrodynamic diameter of 39.91 ± 1.03, 53.12 ± 0.31 and 61.84 ± 0.77 nm have been synthesized for the present study...
October 10, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jun-Yan Liu, Christophe Morisseau, Huazhang Huang, Bruce D Hammock
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) has been extensively reported to be anti-inflammatory in multiple animal models. Some anti-inflammatory traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) and a few natural compounds were also found to be inhibitory to sEH in vitro. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether the active intergradient (AI) against sEH of anti-inflammatory TCMs in vitro is anti-inflammatory in vivo and the sEH inhibitory action of the AI contributes to its anti-inflammatory effect in vivo...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Liang Dong, Yong Zhou, Zhao-Qiong Zhu, Tian Liu, Jia-Xi Duan, Jun Zhang, Ping Li, Bruce D Hammcok, Cha-Xiang Guan
Triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cell-1 (TREM-1) is a superimmunoglobulin receptor expressed on myeloid cells. TREM-1 amplifies the inflammatory response. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), the metabolites of arachidonic acid derived from the cytochrome P450 enzyme, have anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effects of EETs on TREM-1 expression under inflammatory stimulation remain unclear. Therefore, inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) with a highly selective inhibitor [1-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-propionylpiperidin-4-yl) urea, TPPU] was used to stabilize EETs...
October 1, 2016: Inflammation
Sachindra Raj Joshi, Anand Lakhkar, Vidhi Dhagia, Ariadne L Zias, Vasiliki Soldatos, Kaori Oshima, Houli Jiang, Katherine Gotlinger, Jorge H Capdevila, Michal L Schwartzman, Ivan F McMurtry, Sachin A Gupte
Epoxyeicosatrienoicacids (EETs), synthesized from arachidonic acid by epoxygenases of the CYP2C and CYP2J gene subfamilies, contribute to hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) in mice. Despite their roles in HPV, it is controversial whether EETs mediate or ameliorate pulmonary hypertension (PH). A recent study showed that deficiency of Cyp2j did not protect male and female mice from hypoxia-induced PH. Since CYP2C44 is a functionally important epoxygenase, we hypothesized that knockout of the Cyp2c44 gene would protect both sexes of mice from hypoxia-induced PH...
September 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Christin Boldt, Tom Roeschel, Nina Himmerkus, Allein Plain, Markus Bleich, Robert Labes, Maximilian Blum, Hans Krause, Ahmed Magheli, Torsten Giesecke, Kerim Mutig, Michael Rothe, Steven M Weldon, Duska Dragun, Wolf-Hagen Schunck, Sebastian Bachmann, Alexander Paliege
Activation of the thick ascending limb (TAL) Na+-K+-2Cl--cotransporter (NKCC2) by the antidiuretic hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is an essential mechanism of renal urine concentration and contributes to extracellular fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. AVP effects in the kidney are modulated by locally and/or by systemically produced epoxyeicosatrienoic acid derivates (EET). The relation between AVP and EET metabolism has not been determined. Here we show that chronic treatment of AVP-deficient Brattleboro rats with the AVP V2 receptor analog desmopressin (dDAVP; 5ng/h, 3d) significantly lowered renal EET levels (-56 ± 3% for 5,6-EET, -50 ± 3...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Šárka Doleželová, Šárka Jíchová, Zuzana Husková, Alžběta Vojtíšková, Petr Kujal, Lenka Hošková, Josef Kautzner, Janusz Sadowski, Luděk Červenka, Libor Kopkan
The fawn-hooded hypertensive (FHH) rat serves as a genetic model of spontaneous hypertension associated with glomerular hyperfiltration and proteinuria. However, the knowledge of the natural course of hypertension and kidney disease in FHH rats remains fragmentary and the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are unclear. In this study, over the animals' lifetime, we followed the survival rate, blood pressure (telemetry), indices of kidney damage, the activity of renin-angiotensin (RAS) and nitric oxide (NO) systems, and CYP450-epoxygenase products (EETs)...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Joseph Oram, Lars J C Jeuken
Exoelectrogenic bacteria can couple their metabolism to extracellular electron acceptors, including macroscopic electrodes, and this has applications in energy production, bioremediation and biosensing. Optimisation of these technologies relies on a detailed molecular understanding of extracellular electron-transfer (EET) mechanisms, and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (MR-1) has become a model organism for such fundamental studies. Here, cyclic voltammetry was used to determine the relationship between the surface chemistry of electrodes (modified gold, ITO and carbon electrodes) and the EET mechanism...
May 2016: ChemElectroChem
Tomonori Akasaka, Daisuke Sueta, Yuichiro Arima, Noriaki Tabata, Seiji Takashio, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Megumi Yamamuro, Kenichi Tsujita, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Ayami Kajiwara, Kazunori Morita, Kentaro Oniki, Junji Saruwatari, Kazuko Nakagawa, Yasuhiro Ogata, Kunihiko Matsui, Seiji Hokimoto
BACKGROUND: Categorization as a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 poor metabolizer (PM) is reported to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are metabolites of arachidonic acid by CYP2C19 epoxygenases and anti-inflammatory properties, especially in microvascular tissues. We examined the impact of CYP2C19 polymorphisms and EETs on microvascular angina (MVA) caused by coronary microvascular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined CYP2C19 genotypes in patients with MVA (n=71) and healthy subjects as control (n=71)...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Judah S High, Luis G C Rego, Elena Jakubikova
Rational design of artificial light-harvesting molecular architectures entails building systems that absorb strongly in the visible and near-IR region of the electromagnetic spectrum and also funnel excited state energy to a single site. The ability to model nonadiabatic processes, such as excited-state energy transfer (EET), that occur on a picosecond time scale can aid in the development of novel artificial light-harvesting arrays. A combination of density functional theory (DFT), time-dependent DFT, tight-binding molecular dynamics, and quantum dynamics is employed here to simulate EET in the ZnFbΦ dyad, a model artificial light-harvesting array that undergoes EET with an experimentally measured rate constant of (3...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Xuehong Liu, Zu-Yuan Qian, Fuchun Xie, Wei Fan, Jonathan W Nelson, Xiangshu Xiao, Sanjiv Kaul, Anthony P Barnes, Nabil J Alkayed
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are potent vasodilators that play important roles in cardiovascular physiology and disease, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying the biological actions of EETs are not fully understood. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that the actions of EETs are in part mediated via G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling, but the identity of such a receptor has remained elusive. We sought to identify 14,15-EET-responsive GPCRs. A set of 105 clones were expressed in Xenopus oocyte and screened for their ability to activate cAMP-dependent chloride current...
September 17, 2016: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
S Jha, B E Dong, Y Xue, D F Delotterie, M G Vail, K Sakata
Reduced promoter IV-driven expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is implicated in stress and major depression. We previously reported that defective promoter IV (KIV) caused depression-like behavior in young adult mice, which was reversed more effectively by enriched environment treatment (EET) than antidepressants. The effects of promoter IV-BDNF deficiency and EET over the life stages remain unknown. Since early-life development (ED) involves dynamic epigenetic processes, we hypothesized that EET during ED would provide maximum antidepressive effects that would persist later in life due to enhanced, long-lasting BDNF induction...
2016: Translational Psychiatry
Mikhail Romashko, Joseph Schragenheim, Nader G Abraham, John A McClung
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Among many potential targets for pharmacological intervention, a promising strategy involves epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) and soluble epoxide hydroxylase (sEH) inhibition. sEH is the enzyme that converts EET to its less potent metabolite; therefore, EET is upregulated by its inhibitor. EET has pleotropic effects that collectively reduce inflammation, while increasing vasodilation and insulin sensitivity. Recent reports indicate that EET agonists and sEH inhibitors are capable of not only reversing endothelial dysfunction and hypertension, but also of reversing cardiac remodeling, which is a hallmark of cardiomyopathy and the metabolic syndrome...
September 12, 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
Zhiwen Hong, Yujing Tian, Mengwen Qi, Yingchun Li, Yimei Du, Lei Chen, Wentao Liu, Ling Chen
The balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter systems is crucial for the modulation of neuronal excitability in the central nervous system (CNS). The activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is reported to enhance the response of hippocampal glutamate receptors, but whether the inhibitory neurotransmitter system can be regulated by TRPV4 remains unknown. γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS. Here, we show that application of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) synthetic (GSK1016790A or 4α-PDD) or endogenous agonist (5,6-EET) inhibited GABA-activated current (I GABA) in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, which was blocked by specific antagonists of TRPV4 and of GABAA receptors...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Ting Liu, Yang-Yang Yu, Tao Chen, Wei Ning Chen
In this study, a synthetic microbial consortium containing exoelectrogen Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and riboflavin-producing strain, Bacillus subtilis RH33, was rationally designed and successfully constructed, enabling a stable, multiple cycles of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) operation for more than 500 h. The maximum power density of MFCs with this synthetic microbial consortium was 277.4 mW/m(2) , which was 4.9 times of that with MR-1 (56.9 mW/m(2) ) and 40.2 times of RH33 (6.9 mW/m(2) ), separately...
September 6, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Mohamed M Katary, Chelsey Pye, Ahmed A Elmarakby
The pro-inflammatory cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandins and the anti-inflammatory cytochrome P450 epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) play an important role in the regulation of renal injury. The current study examined whether COX inhibition augments the reno-protective effects of increased EETs levels via inhibiting EETs degradation by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in diabetic rats. Streptozotocin (50mg/kg, i.v) was used to induce diabetes in male Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were then divided into 5 groups (n=6-8); control non diabetic, diabetic, diabetic treated with the sEH inhibitor trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (t-AUCB), diabetic treated with the COX inhibitor meloxicam and diabetic treated with meloxicam plus t-AUCB for 2 months...
September 2, 2016: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
Yunxiao Li, Ganggang Yu, Shaopeng Yuan, Chunting Tan, Jianlin Xie, Yasi Ding, Puqiao Lian, Lixia Fu, Qi Hou, Bo Xu, Haoyan Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are metabolic products of free arachidonic acid (AA). EETs have anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect of EETs on cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation is not clear. Autophagy is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. In addition, nuclear erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2), is thought to regulate antioxidant defenses in several lung diseases. Besides, interaction between EETs, autophagy and Nrf2 has been reported...
September 2, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Ahmad Hanif, Matthew L Edin, Darryl C Zeldin, Christophe Morisseau, Mohammed A Nayeem
Coronary reactive hyperemia (CRH) is a physiological response to ischemic insult that prevents the potential harm associated with an interruption of blood supply. The relationship between the pharmacologic inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and CRH response to a brief ischemia is not known. sEH is involved in the main catabolic pathway of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are converted into dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs). EETs protect against ischemia/reperfusion injury and have numerous beneficial physiological effects...
2016: PloS One
Guomin Wang, Hongqing Feng, Ang Gao, Qi Hao, Weihong Jin, Xiang Peng, Wan Li, Guosong Wu, Paul K Chu
Titania loaded with noble metal nanoparticles exhibits enhanced photocatalytic killing of bacteria under light illumination due to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) property. It has been shown recently that loading with Au or Ag can also endow TiO2 with the antibacterial ability in the absence of light. In this work, the antibacterial mechanism of Au-loaded TiO2 nanotubes (Au@TiO2-NT) in the dark environment is studied, and a novel type of extracellular electron transfer (EET) between the bacteria and the surface of the materials is observed to cause bacteria death...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Calvin K Lee, Alexander J Kim, Giancarlo S Santos, Peter Y Lai, Stella Y Lee, David F Qiao, Jaime De Anda, Thomas D Young, Yujie Chen, Annette R Rowe, Kenneth H Nealson, Paul S Weiss, Gerard C L Wong
Cell size control and homeostasis are fundamental features of bacterial metabolism. Recent work suggests that cells add a constant size between birth and division ('adder' model). However, it is not known how cell size homeostasis is influenced by the existence of heterogeneous microenvironments, such as those during biofilm formation. Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 can use diverse energy sources on a range of surfaces via extracellular electron transport (EET), which can impact growth, metabolism, and size diversity...
August 29, 2016: ACS Nano
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