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dietary pattern diabetes

Purabi Sarkar, Ananya Bhowmick, Sofia Banu
Enhanced oxidative stress plays an important role in the progression and onset of diabetes and its complications. Strategies or efforts meant to reduce the oxidative stress are needed which may mitigate these pathogenic processes. The present study aims to investigate the in vitro ameliorative potential of nine antioxidant molecules in L6 myotubes under oxidative stress condition induced by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and also to comprehend the gene expression patterns of oxidative stress genes upon the supplementation of different antioxidants in induced stress condition...
March 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Josiemer Mattei
The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been recommended to the general population by many scientific organizations as a healthy dietary pattern, based on strong evidence of association with improved cardiometabolic health, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. However, most studies have been conducted in Mediterranean or European countries or among white populations in the United States (US), while few exist for non-Mediterranean countries or racial/ethnic minority populations in the US...
March 14, 2018: Nutrients
Kay-Tee Khaw, Stephen J Sharp, Leila Finikarides, Islam Afzal, Marleen Lentjes, Robert Luben, Nita G Forouhi
INTRODUCTION: High dietary saturated fat intake is associated with higher blood concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), an established risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, there is increasing interest in whether various dietary oils or fats with different fatty acid profiles such as extra virgin coconut oil may have different metabolic effects but trials have reported inconsistent results. We aimed to compare changes in blood lipid profile, weight, fat distribution and metabolic markers after four weeks consumption of 50 g daily of one of three different dietary fats, extra virgin coconut oil, butter or extra virgin olive oil, in healthy men and women in the general population...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
EunSeok Cha, Sudeshna Paul, Betty J Braxter, Guillermo Umpierrez, Melissa Spezia Faulkner
Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine the associations between dietary behaviors and glucose metabolism in high-risk young adults to increase the precision of nutrition education to prevent early onset type 2 diabetes (T2D). Method Using a descriptive, cross-sectional study design, 106 overweight or obese sedentary young adults ages 18-29 years from the Atlanta metropolitan area were recruited to screen diabetes risk. Survey questionnaires, anthropometric assessment, blood pressure (BP), and laboratory data were collected in a clinical research unit...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
Aila J Ahola, Carol Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop
AIMS: Depressive mood negatively affects self-care practices, and thereby increases the risk of long-term complications. Not much is known about the association between depressive symptoms and dietary intake in patients with type 1 diabetes, a population with high risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Subjects (n=976, 41% men, age 48±14 years) were participants in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study. Depressive symptomatology was assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
February 20, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Christopher D Gardner, John F Trepanowski, Liana C Del Gobbo, Michelle E Hauser, Joseph Rigdon, John P A Ioannidis, Manisha Desai, Abby C King
Importance: Dietary modification remains key to successful weight loss. Yet, no one dietary strategy is consistently superior to others for the general population. Previous research suggests genotype or insulin-glucose dynamics may modify the effects of diets. Objective: To determine the effect of a healthy low-fat (HLF) diet vs a healthy low-carbohydrate (HLC) diet on weight change and if genotype pattern or insulin secretion are related to the dietary effects on weight loss...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Aurélie Affret, Kalina Rajaobelina, Laureen Dartois, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients play a key role in type 2 diabetes, but methodological difficulties arise from their collinearity and interdependencies with foods. The objective of the present study is to identify micronutrient dietary patterns in the E3N-EPIC cohort and to investigate their association with type 2 diabetes risk. METHODS: Principal component analysis was applied to identify micronutrient patterns among 71 270 women from the E3N-EPIC cohort. Associations between micronutrient patterns and type 2 diabetes risk were quantified by hazards ratios (95% confidence intervals) from Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted on potential confounders...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
T S Rogers, S Harrison, S Judd, E S Orwoll, L M Marshall, J Shannon, L Langsetmo, N E Lane, J M Shikany
Studying dietary patterns is often more informative than individual nutrients or foods. We found that a Prudent dietary pattern (rich in vegetables and fish) was associated with reduced loss of total hip BMD in older men. A Prudent dietary pattern may be a potential lifestyle strategy for minimizing bone loss. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify baseline dietary patterns using factor analysis in a cohort of older men and to evaluate whether the dietary patterns were associated with bone mineral density change (%ΔBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck over time...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Romina di Giuseppe, Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, Manja Koch, Ute Nöthlings, Sabrina Schlesinger, Jan Borggrefe, Marcus Both, Hans-Peter Müller, Jan Kassubek, Gunnar Jacobs, Wolfgang Lieb
PURPOSE: The association of complex dietary patterns with circulating selenoprotein P (SELENOP) levels in humans is unknown. In a general population sample, we aimed to identify a dietary pattern explaining inter-individual variation in circulating SELENOP concentrations and to study this pattern in relation to prevalent diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS), MRI-determined total volumes of visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) abdominal adipose tissue, and liver signal intensity/fatty liver disease...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Krithiga Shridhar, Ambika Satija, Preet K Dhillon, Sutapa Agrawal, Ruby Gupta, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, A V Bharathi, D Prabhakaran, K Srinath Reddy, Shah Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns (DPs) in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular disease and diabetes), leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited. We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
H R Harris, A C Eke, J E Chavarro, S A Missmer
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher intake of fruits, particularly citrus fruits, is associated with a lower risk of endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Two case-control studies have examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and endometriosis risk with contrasting results. Diets rich in fruits and vegetables include higher levels of pro-vitamin A nutrients (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin) and women with endometriosis have been reported to have lower intake of vitamin A than women without endometriosis...
February 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Sukyung Cho, Minkyeong Kim, Kyong Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Metabolic risk factors should be managed effectively in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to prevent or delay diabetic complications. This study aimed to compare the self-management levels of diet and metabolic risk factors in patients with T2DM, according to the duration of illness, and to examine the trends in self-management levels during the recent decades. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES, 1998-2014)...
February 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Hsin-Fang Chung, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Abdullah Al Mamun, Kurt Z Long, Ya-Fang Huang, Shyi-Jang Shin, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Meng-Chuan Huang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Western dietary patterns have been linked with kidney disease. This study investigated the association between Chinese dietary patterns and kidney disease in a Taiwanese population with type 2 diabetes and evaluated dietary fatty acid patterns, a kidney-related dietary biomarker. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 838 patients with type 2 diabetes and used their dietary and renal data obtained from three repeated measures in 2008, 2009 and 2010...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ahmad Syauqy, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau, Jane C-J Chao
This study examined the correlation of dietary patterns with components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and inflammation among middle-aged and older adults with MetS in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study used data from the Mei Jau International Health Management Institution in Taiwan between 2004 and 2013. A total of 26,016 subjects aged 35 years and above were selected for analysis. MetS was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation. Three dietary patterns were identified by principal component analysis...
January 29, 2018: Nutrients
Eman M Shorog, Khalid A Alburikan
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of disease-related death in Saudi Arabia. The incidence of CVDs continues to increase, presenting a major health care problem. Nonprescription medications are widely used by patients with CVD and may cause adverse drug events, either by worsening the disease or by harmfully interacting with prescribed medications. We investigated the patterns of nonprescription medication utilization and the factors associated with their use in patients with CVD...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Martha Tamez, Adriana Monge, Ruy López-Ridaura, Guy Fagherazzi, Sabina Rinaldi, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elsa Yunes, Isabelle Romieu, Martin Lajous
Background: Soda intake is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Consumption of diet sodas, often considered healthy alternatives to sodas, could also increase the likelihood of cardiovascular outcomes. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the relation between soda and diet soda and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 825 Mexican women free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, and for whom serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), C-peptide, adiponectin, and leptin were available...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Ann Wells, William T Barrington, Stephen Dearth, Amanda May, David W Threadgill, Shawn R Campagna, Brynn H Voy
Dietary intervention is commonly used for weight loss or to improve health, as diet-induced obesity increases risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, osteoarthritis, and certain cancers. Various dietary patterns are associated with effects on health, yet little is known about the effects of diet at the tissue level. Using untargeted metabolomics, this study aimed to identify changes in water-soluble metabolites in C57BL/6J males and females, fed one of five diets (Japanese, ketogenic, Mediterranean, American, and standard mouse chow) for seven months...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Merve Ekici, Ucler Kisa, Senay Arikan Durmaz, Elif Ugur, Reyhan Nergiz-Unal
Recently, it has been remarked that dietary fatty acids and fatty acid receptors might be involved in the aetiology of diabetes. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between dietary fatty acid pattern, fatty food preferences and soluble CD36 (sCD36) and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The study was carried out with thirty-eight newly diagnosed type 2 DM patients and thirty-seven healthy volunteers, aged 30-65 years. In the study, socio-demographic characteristics, dietary fat type and fatty acid pattern of individuals were recorded...
January 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Ron Amon, Shani Leviatan Ben-Arye, Limor Engler, Hai Yu, Noha Lim, Ludmilla Le Berre, Kristina M Harris, Mario R Ehlers, Stephen E Gitelman, Xi Chen, Jean-Paul Soulillou, Vered Padler-Karavani
Humans have circulating antibodies against diverse glycans containing N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) due to function-loss mutation of the CMAH gene. This xenogenic non-human carbohydrate is abundant in red meat, xenografts and biotherapeutics. Low levels of diet-derived Neu5Gc is also present on normal human endothelial cells, and together with anti-Neu5Gc antibodies could potentially mediate "xenosialitis" chronic-inflammation. Rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (ATG) is a drug containing polyclonal IgG glycoproteins commonly used as an immunosuppressant in human transplantation and autoimmune diseases...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
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