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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729327/dietary-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-uk-mixed-method-study
#1
Amir Emadian, Clare Y England, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that South Asian men living in the UK are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than their white British counterparts. Despite this, limited data have been published quantifying current dietary intake patterns and qualitatively exploring eating behaviours in this population. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess diet, (2) explore perceptions of T2DM, (3) investigate factors influencing eating behaviours in overweight/obese South Asian men and (4) determine the suitability of the UK Diet and Diabetes Questionnaire (UKDDQ) for use in this population...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699483/physical-disability-and-diabetes-mellitus-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-perception-and-behavior
#2
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad
BACKGROUND: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
July 10, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697259/behavioral-counseling-to-promote-a-healthful-diet-and-physical-activity-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-adults-without-known-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#3
REVIEW
Carrie D Patnode, Corrine V Evans, Caitlyn A Senger, Nadia Redmond, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Unhealthful dietary patterns, low levels of physical activity, and high sedentary time increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults without known cardiovascular risk factors to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO for studies published in the English language between January 1, 2013, and May 25, 2016, and ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through March 24, 2017...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688369/evaluation-of-diet-quality-of-the-elderly-and-associated-factors
#4
Dalila Pinto de Souza Fernandes, Maria Sônia Lopes Duarte, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest healthy dietary patterns are associated with risk reduction and better control of various chronic diseases. However, few Brazilian studies have focused on evaluating the quality of the elderly diet and its relationship with diseases. This study aimed to estimate the association between diet quality and socioeconomic factors, health and nutrition of the elderly. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study whose target population were non-institutionalized elderly residents in the city of Viçosa, Brazil...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657604/fruit-fiber-consumption-specifically-improves-liver-health-status-in-obese-subjects-under-energy-restriction
#5
Irene Cantero, Itziar Abete, J Ignacio Monreal, J Alfredo Martinez, M Angeles Zulet
The prevalence of non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease (NAFLD) is associated with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (MS). This study aimed to evaluate the influence of two energy-restricted diets on non-invasive markers and scores of liver damage in obese individuals with features of MS after six months of follow-up and to assess the role of fiber content in metabolic outcomes. Seventy obese individuals from the RESMENA (Reduction of Metabolic Syndrome in Navarra) study were evaluated at baseline and after six months of energy-restricted nutritional intervention (American Heart Association (AHA) and RESMENA dietary groups)...
June 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657600/the-association-between-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-cognitive-health-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Yasmine S Aridi, Jacqueline L Walker, Olivia R L Wright
The ageing population is accompanied by increased rates of cognitive decline and dementia. Not only does cognitive decline have a profound impact on an individual's health and quality of life, but also on that of their caregivers. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been known to aid in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. It has been recently linked to better cognitive function in the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to compile evidence based data that examined the effect of adherence to the MD on cognitive function and the risk of developing dementia or Alzheimer's disease...
June 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#7
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#8
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626807/the-association-between-western-and-prudent-dietary-patterns-and-fasting-blood-glucose-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-and-normal-glucose-metabolism-in-older-australian-adults
#9
Erin I Walsh, Felice N Jacka, Peter Butterworth, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin
High blood glucose and type 2 diabetes are associated with a range of adverse health and cognitive outcomes. One factor that contributes to high blood glucose and type 2 diabetes is dietary intake. This study investigated the relationship between dietary patterns, fasting blood glucose and diabetes status in a sample of 209 participants aged 60-65. Blood plasma glucose was measured from venous blood samples. Individual Prudent and Western dietary patterns were estimated from a self-completed food frequency questionnaire...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615384/yogurt-and-diabetes-overview-of-recent-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Andrés Díaz-López, Nancy Babio
The effects of dairy consumption on the prevention of type 2 diabetes remain controversial and depend on the dairy subtype. Yogurt intake has received special attention because its association with health benefits is more consistent than that of other types of dairy products. In the present article, we review those observational studies that evaluated the association between yogurt consumption and type 2 diabetes. We also discuss the possible mechanisms involved in these associations. We found that 13 prospective studies evaluated the association between yogurt intake and type 2 diabetes, most of which showed an inverse association between the frequency of yogurt consumption and the risk of diabetes...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612831/abdominal-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-asian-indians-dietary-strategies-including-edible-oils-cooking-practices-and-sugar-intake
#12
REVIEW
S Gulati, A Misra
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing in rural and urban regions of South Asia including India. Pattern of fat deposition in abdomen, ectopic fat deposition (liver, pancreas) and also low lean mass are contributory to early-onset insulin resistance, dysmetabolic state and diabetes in Asian Indians. These metabolic perturbations are further exacerbated by changing lifestyle, diet urbanization, and mechanization. Important dietary imbalances include increasing use of oils containing high amount of trans fatty acids and saturated fats (partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, palmolein oil) use of deep frying method and reheating of oils for cooking, high intake of saturated fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates, low intake of protein, fiber and increasing intake of processed foods...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608806/targeting-overconsumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-vs-overall-poor-diet-quality-for-cardiometabolic-diseases-risk-prevention-place-your-bets
#13
REVIEW
Benoit J Arsenault, Benoît Lamarche, Jean-Pierre Després
Chronic overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is amongst the dietary factors most consistently found to be associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in large epidemiological studies. Intervention studies have shown that SSB overconsumption increases intra-abdominal obesity and ectopic lipid deposition in the liver, and also exacerbates cardiometabolic risk. Similar to the prevalence of obesity and T2D, national surveys of food consumption have shown that chronic overconsumption of SSBs is skyrocketing in many parts of the world, yet with marked heterogeneity across countries...
June 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607131/trends-in-prehypertension-and-hypertension-risk-factors-in-us-adults-1999-2012
#14
John N Booth, Jiexiang Li, Lu Zhang, Liwei Chen, Paul Muntner, Brent Egan
Prehypertension is associated with increased risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Data are limited on the temporal changes in the prevalence of prehypertension and risk factors for hypertension and cardiovascular disease among US adults with prehypertension. We analyzed data from 30 958 US adults ≥20 years of age who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 1999 and 2012. Using the mean of 3 blood pressure (BP) measurements from a study examination, prehypertension was defined as systolic BP of 120 to 139 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80 to 89 mm Hg and systolic BP <140 mm Hg among participants not taking antihypertensive medication...
June 12, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588374/mindful-eating-with-diabetes
#15
Carla K Miller
IN BRIEF This article provides a description of mindfulness and mindful eating and addresses the application of mindful eating as a component of diabetes self-management education. Mindful eating helps individuals cultivate awareness of both internal and external triggers to eating, interrupt automatic eating, and eat in response to the natural physiological cues of hunger and satiety. Mindful eating interventions have been effective in facilitating improvement in dysregulated eating and dietary patterns. Through practice over time, eating mindfully can interrupt habitual eating behaviors and provide greater regulation of food choice...
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588372/dash-eating-plan-an-eating-pattern-for-diabetes-management
#16
Amy P Campbell
IN BRIEF The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating plan is an acceptable eating pattern for people who have diabetes. In addition to promoting blood pressure control, this eating pattern has been shown to improve insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, and even overweight/obesity. This balanced approach promotes consumption of a variety of foods (whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables, poultry, fish, and nuts) and is appropriate for the entire family.
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587067/diet-induced-low-grade-metabolic-acidosis-and-clinical-outcomes-a-review
#17
Renata Alves Carnauba, Ana Beatriz Baptistella, Valéria Paschoal, Gilberti Helena Hübscher
Low-grade metabolic acidosis is a condition characterized by a slight decrease in blood pH, within the range considered normal, and feeding is one of the main factors that may influence the occurrence of such a condition. The excessive consumption of acid precursor foods (sources of phosphorus and proteins), to the detriment of those precursors of bases (sources of potassium, calcium, and magnesium), leads to acid-base balance volubility. If this condition occurs in a prolonged, chronic way, low-grade metabolic acidosis can become significant and predispose to metabolic imbalances such as kidney stone formation, increased bone resorption, reduced bone mineral density, and the loss of muscle mass, as well as the increased risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574454/gene-diet-interactions-in-type-2-diabetes-the-chicken-and-egg-debate
#18
REVIEW
Ángeles Ortega, Genoveva Berná, Anabel Rojas, Franz Martín, Bernat Soria
Consistent evidence from both experimental and human studies indicates that Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease resulting from the interaction of genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Nutrients and dietary patterns are important environmental factors to consider in the prevention, development and treatment of this disease. Nutritional genomics focuses on the interaction between bioactive food components and the genome and includes studies of nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics and epigenetic modifications caused by nutrients...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568967/globalisation-and-national-trends-in-nutrition-and-health-a-grouped-fixed-effects-approach-to-intercountry-heterogeneity
#19
Lisa Oberlander, Anne-Célia Disdier, Fabrice Etilé
Using a panel dataset of 70 countries spanning 42 years (1970-2011), we investigate the distinct effects of social globalisation and trade openness on national trends in markers of diet quality (supplies of animal proteins, free fats and sugar, average body mass index, and diabetes prevalence). Our key methodological contribution is the application of a grouped fixed-effects estimator, which extends linear fixed-effects models. The grouped fixed-effects estimator partitions our sample into distinct groups of countries in order to control for time-varying unobserved heterogeneity that follows a group-specific pattern...
June 1, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#20
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
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