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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915922/recent-urbanization-in-china-is-correlated-with-a-westernized-microbiome-encoding-increased-virulence-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#1
Kathryn Winglee, Annie Green Howard, Wei Sha, Raad Z Gharaibeh, Jiawu Liu, Donghui Jin, Anthony A Fodor, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is associated with an increased risk for a number of diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer, which all also show associations with the microbiome. While microbial community composition has been shown to vary across continents and in traditional versus Westernized societies, few studies have examined urban-rural differences in neighboring communities within a single country undergoing rapid urbanization. In this study, we compared the gut microbiome, plasma metabolome, dietary habits, and health biomarkers of rural and urban people from a single Chinese province...
September 15, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#2
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894509/effects-of-polyphenol-intake-on-metabolic-syndrome-current-evidences-from-human-trials
#3
REVIEW
Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Lina Badimon
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors which severely increases the risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Several epidemiological studies have observed a negative association between polyphenol intake and MetS rates. Nevertheless, there are relatively small numbers of interventional studies evidencing this association. This review is focused on human interventional trials with polyphenols as polyphenol-rich foods and dietary patterns rich in polyphenols in patients with MetS...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891383/a-hypothesis-moderate-consumption-of-alcoholic-beverages-contributes-to-lower-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-t2dm-due-to-scavenging-of-%C3%AE-dicarbonyls-by-several-classes-of-dietary-phytochemicals
#4
Benjamin S Szwergold
The world is experiencing an epidemic of Type-2-Diabetes (T2DM). This has led to increased morbidity and mortality, explosive growth in heath-care budgets and has an even greater, if indirect, impact on societies and economies of the affected countries. While genetic susceptibility to T2DM is a major determinant of its prevalence, changes in life-styles also play a role. One such change has been a transition from traditional diets characterized by low caloric and high nutrient density to calorie-rich but nutrient-poor Western diets...
September 11, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886852/prevalence-of-hypertension-in-professional-drivers-from-the-racer-abpm-study
#5
Anna E Platek, Filip M Szymanski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Marcin Kotkowski, Anna Rys, Karolina Semczuk-Kaczmarek, Karolina Adamkiewicz
Professional drivers are a group exposed to many cardiovascular risk factors. Nonsystematic working hours, stress, low physical activity, and unhealthy dietary habits are common among professional drivers. These translate into high risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the current analysis was to establish the prevalence of arterial hypertension in a group of continuous professional drivers. The RACER (Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events among professional dRivers in Poland) study is a prospective study focused on assessing cardiovascular risk factors in professional drivers...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883903/dietary-polyphenols-mediterranean-diet-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Jordi Merino, Qi Sun, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Dietary polyphenols come mainly from plant-based foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, coffee, tea, and nuts. Polyphenols may influence glycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) through different mechanisms, such as promoting the uptake of glucose in tissues, and therefore improving insulin sensitivity. This review aims to summarize the evidence from clinical trials and observational prospective studies linking dietary polyphenols to prediabetes and T2D, with a focus on polyphenol-rich foods characteristic of the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869547/dietary-protein-and-amino-acid-profiles-in-relation-to-risk-of-dysglycemia-findings-from-a-prospective-population-based-study
#7
Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Saeed Esfandyari, Fereidoun Azizi
Considering the limited knowledge on the effects of dietary amino acid intake on dysglycemia, we assessed the possible association of dietary protein and amino acid patterns with the risk of pre-diabetes in a prospective population-based study. Participants without diabetes and pre-diabetes (n = 1878) were recruited from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study and were followed for a mean of 5.8 years. Their dietary protein and amino acid intakes were assessed at baseline (2006-2008); demographic, lifestyle, and biochemical variables were evaluated at baseline and in follow-up examinations...
September 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869073/association-of-the-rs10830963-polymorphism-in-melatonin-receptor-type-1b-mtnr1b-with-metabolic-response-after-weight-loss-secondary-to-a-hypocaloric-diet-based-in-mediterranean-style
#8
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Aller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some genetic variants within MTNR1B were related with fasting glucose levels or the increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus and obesity. The aims of the present investigation were to determine the influence of rs10830963 MTNR1B variant in relation to body weight loss, insulin resistance and adipokine levels in response to a hypocaloric diet with Mediterranean pattern. METHODS: A Caucasian population of 80 obese patients was studied before and after 12 weeks on a hypocaloric diet...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838765/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-incidence-of-nephrolithiasis-in-the-seguimiento-universidad-de-navarra-follow-up-sun-cohort
#9
Alessandro Leone, Alejandro Fernández-Montero, Carmen de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Diet plays an important role in the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis. Limited data are available to investigate the association between a Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk for nephrolithiasis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 16,094 men and women without a history of nephrolithiasis who participated in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Follow-up (SUN) Project. PREDICTORS: A validated 136-item food frequency questionnaire was used to assess baseline adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern that is high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish, and legumes, but moderate in alcohol and low in meats, saturated fats, and sugars...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831958/processed-red-meat-contribution-to-dietary-patterns-and-the-associated-cardio-metabolic-outcomes
#10
Yvonne M Lenighan, Anne P Nugent, Kaifeng F Li, Lorraine Brennan, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Helen M Roche, Breige A McNulty
Evidence suggests that processed red meat consumption is a risk factor for CVD and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This analysis investigates the association between dietary patterns, their processed red meat contributions, and association with blood biomarkers of CVD and T2D, in 786 Irish adults (18-90 years) using cross-sectional data from a 2011 national food consumption survey. All meat-containing foods consumed were assigned to four food groups (n 502) on the basis of whether they contained red or white meat and whether they were processed or unprocessed...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818246/cancer-prevention-during-early-adulthood-highlights-from-a-meeting-of-experts
#11
Dawn M Holman, Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Greta M Massetti, Mary C Puckett, Claire D Brindis
Using a life course approach, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control and the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors co-hosted a 2-day meeting with 15 multidisciplinary experts to consider evidence linking factors in early adulthood to subsequent cancer risk and strategies for putting that evidence into practice to reduce cancer incidence. This paper provides an overview of key themes from those meeting discussions, drawing attention to the influence that early adulthood can have on lifetime cancer risk and potential strategies for intervention during this phase of life...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#12
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802307/optimal-dietary-macronutrient-distribution-in-china-odmdc-a-randomised-controlled-feeding-trial-protocol
#14
Yi Wan, Fenglei Wang, Jihong Yuan, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Findings from observational studies in China show that increased dietary fat consumption might be a contributor to the developing obesity epidemic. However, some cohort studies suggest that carbohydrate intake, especially from white rice, is a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in China. Our study aims to determine whether the traditional lower-fat, higher-carbohydrate Chinese or the Western higher-fat, lower-carbohydrate dietary pattern is more effective for weight control and the related cardiometabolic profiles increasingly found among contemporary Chinese...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770180/the-association-between-food-group-consumption-patterns-and-early-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-non-diabetic-healthy-people
#15
Rimkyo Yeo, So Ra Yoon, Oh Yoen Kim
We investigated the association between dietary habits/food group consumption patterns and early risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a main cause for metabolic disease. Study participants were recruited from the health promotion center in Dong-A University Hospital and public advertisement. Study subjects (n = 243, 21-80 years) were categorized into three groups: Super-healthy (MetS risk factor [MetS RF] = 0, n = 111), MetS-risk carriers (MetS RF = 1-2, n = 96), and MetS (MetS RF ≥ 3, n = 27). Higher regularity in dietary habits (breakfast-everyday, regular eating time, non-frequent overeating, and non-frequent eating-out) was observed in the Super-healthy group than in the MetS-risk carriers, and particularly in the MetS subjects...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770010/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-perception-and-behavior-of-patients-towards-diabetes-management-with-physical-disability
#16
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Y Saad
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: Interview sessions were conducted at diabetes clinic-Penang general hospital. The invited participants represented three major ethnic groups of Malaysia (Malay, Chinese and Indians). An open-ended approach was used to elicit answers from participants. Interview questions were related to participant's perception towards self-monitoring blood glucose practices, Awareness towards diet management, behaviour to diabetes medication and cues of action...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761662/which-foods-are-displaced-in-the-diets-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-with-the-inclusion-of-eggs-in-their-diets-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#17
Valentine Y Njike, Rachel Annam, Victoria Christina Costales, Niloufarsadat Yarandi, David L Katz
BACKGROUND: The inclusion or exclusion of specific foods from the overall diet inevitably affects other food choices, and this matter is routinely neglected in dietary guidance and nutritional epidemiology. We examined how the inclusion of eggs in the diets of type 2 diabetics affected dietary pattern. METHODS: Randomized, controlled, single-blind, crossover trial of 34 adults (mean age 64.5 years; 14 women, 20 men) with type 2 diabetes assigned to one of two possible sequence permutations of two different 12-week treatments (two eggs/day or egg exclusion), with 6-week washout periods...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761660/association-of-the-dash-dietary-pattern-with-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#18
Leonor Corsino, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nicole M Butera, Anna María Siega-Riz, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Sandra S Albrecht, Rebecca A Espinoza Giacinto, Marisa Judith Perera, Linda Van Horn, M Larissa Avilés-Santa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between diet quality and both diabetes status and insulin resistance in Hispanic/Latino adults, and the extent to which differences in diet quality contribute to differences in outcomes across Hispanic/Latino heritage. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data are from 15 942 individuals enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Diet was ascertained using two 24-hour dietary recalls, and diet quality was measured using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score (range: 0-80, lowest to highest)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748997/-role-of-mediterranean-diet-on-the-prevention-of-alzheimer-disease
#19
REVIEW
Arnoldo Miranda, Carolina Gómez-Gaete, Sigrid Mennickent
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are possible risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and these can be modified by physical activity and changes in dietary patterns, such as switching to a Mediterranean diet. This diet includes fruits, vegetables, olive oil, fish and moderate wine intake. These foods provide vitamins, polyphenols and unsaturated fatty acids. This diet should be able to reduce oxidative stress. The inflammatory response is also reduced by unsaturated fatty acids, resulting in a lower expression and a lower production of pro-inflammatory cytokines...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747862/food-consumption-nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-in-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana
#20
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn A Meeks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Silver Bahendeka, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik J Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
Background: West African immigrants in Europe are disproportionally affected by metabolic conditions compared to European host populations. Nutrition transition through urbanisation and migration may contribute to this observations, but remains to be characterised. Objective: We aimed to describe the dietary behaviour and its socio-demographic factors among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots living different Ghanaian settings. Methods: The multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study was conducted among Ghanaian adults in rural and urban Ghana, and Europe...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
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