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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777369/adherence-to-special-diets-and-its-association-with-meeting-the-nutrient-recommendations-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
A J Ahola, C Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop
AIMS: Not much is known about adherence to special diets in type 1 diabetes, characteristics of individuals with special diets, and whether such practices should raise concerns with respect to meeting the dietary recommendations. In this study, we assessed the frequencies of adherence to special diets, in a population of individuals with type 1 diabetes, and investigated the association between special diet adherence and dietary intake, measured as dietary patterns and nutrient intakes...
May 18, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#2
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762522/dietary-pattern-and-plasma-bcaa-variations-in-healthy-men-and-women-results-from-the-karmen-study
#3
Benedikt Merz, Lara Frommherz, Manuela J Rist, Sabine E Kulling, Achim Bub, Bernhard Watzl
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in plasma are discussed as risk factors for the onset of several diseases. Information about the contribution of the overall diet to plasma BCAA concentrations is controversial. Our objective was to investigate which dietary pattern is associated with plasma BCAA concentrations and whether other additional nutrients besides BCAA further characterize this dietary pattern. Based on the cross-sectional KarMeN study, fasting plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations, as well as current and habitual dietary intake were assessed in 298 healthy individuals...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761319/gaussian-graphical-models-identified-food-intake-networks-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-cvd-and-cancer-in-the-epic-potsdam-study
#4
Khalid Iqbal, Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Floegel, Carolina Schwedhelm, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Clemens Wittenbecher, Cecilia Galbete, Sven Knüppel, Matthias B Schulze, Heiner Boeing
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the previously identified Gaussian graphical models' (GGM) food intake networks and risk of major chronic diseases as well as intermediate biomarkers in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam cohort. METHODS: In this cohort analysis of 10,880 men and 13,340 women, adherence to the previously identified sex-specific GGM networks as well as principal component analysis identified patterns was investigated in relation to risk of major chronic diseases, using Cox-proportional hazard models...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742063/intake-of-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-products-and-correlates-among-school-boys-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Background Healthy dietary behaviors have a significant impact on children's health and development. Diets high in fruit and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk of and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and many cancers. Yet, little is known about the pattern of fruit, vegetables and dairy products consumption among children in Saudi Arabia. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of fruit, vegetables and milk products and their dietary correlates among school boys in Saudi Arabia...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695705/dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-among-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana-the-rodam-study
#6
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn Meeks, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Joachim Spranger, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the associations of dietary patterns (DPs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Ghanaian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study (n = 4543), three overall DPs ("mixed", "rice, pasta, meat and fish," and "roots, tubers and plantain") and two site-specific DPs per study site (rural Ghana, urban Ghana and Europe) were identified by principal component analysis...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693777/milk-feeding-and-first-complementary-foods-during-the-first-year-of-life-in-the-teddy-study
#7
Anne Riikonen, David Hadley, Ulla Uusitalo, Nicole Miller, Sibylle Koletzko, Jimin Yang, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Sandra Hummel, Jill M Norris, Suvi M Virtanen
The aim was to describe milk feeding patterns and first weaning foods during the first year of life in a large prospective birth cohort of infants with increased genetic risk for Type 1 diabetes (T1D) recruited in 4 different countries: the United States, Finland, Germany, and Sweden. All enrolled children with dietary information (n = 8,673) were included in the analyses; 1,307 (15%) children who dropped out before the first birthday were excluded from some analyses. Supplementary milk feeding in the first 3 days of life was common in all the four countries, although the type of the supplementary milk differed by country and by maternal T1D...
April 25, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685826/inuit-country-food-diet-pattern-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#8
Xue Feng Hu, Tiff-Annie Kenny, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: Inuit have experienced a rapid transition in diet and lifestyle over the past several decades, paralleled by the emergence of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To identify contemporary dietary patterns among Inuit and investigate their association with cardiovascular disease outcomes. DESIGN: This was an association study in a cross-sectional population health and nutrition survey. PARTICIPANTS: The participants included 1,570 adults (aged ≥18 years) from Nunavut in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey 2007-2008 who completed diet/health questionnaires and provided blood samples...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680359/effects-of-6-vs-3-eucaloric-meal-patterns-on-glycaemic-control-and-satiety-in-people-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-overt-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-trial
#9
E Papakonstantinou, M D Kontogianni, P Mitrou, E Magriplis, D Vassiliadi, T Nomikos, V Lambadiari, E Georgousopoulou, G Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to compare the effects of two eucaloric meal patterns (3 vs 6 meals/day) on glycaemic control and satiety in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and plasma glucose (PG) levels 140-199mg/dL at 120min (IGT-A) or PG levels 140-199mg/dL at 120min and >200mg/dL at 30/60/90min post-oral glucose load on 75-g OGTT (IGT-B), or overt treatment-naïve type 2 diabetes (T2D). SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this randomized crossover study, subjects with IGT-A (n=15, BMI: 32...
April 6, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669711/an-exercise-intervention-to-unravel-the-mechanisms-underlying-insulin-resistance-in-a-cohort-of-black-south-african-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants
#10
Julia H Goedecke, Amy E Mendham, Louise Clamp, Pamela A Nono Nankam, Melony C Fortuin-de Smidt, Lindokuhle Phiri, Lisa K Micklesfield, Dheshnie Keswell, Nicholas J Woudberg, Sandrine Lecour, Ali Alhamud, Mamadou Kaba, Faith M Lutomia, Paul J van Jaarsveld, Anniza de Villiers, Steven E Kahn, Elin Chorell, Jon Hauksson, Tommy Olsson
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in black African women is complex and differs from that in their white counterparts. However, earlier studies have been cross-sectional and provide little insight into the causal pathways. Exercise training is consistently used as a model to examine the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance and risk for T2D. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the mechanisms underlying the changes in insulin sensitivity and secretion in response to a 12-week exercise intervention in obese black South African (SA) women...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#11
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625864/dietary-intakes-of-branched-chained-amino-acid-and-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-the-harbin-cohort-study-on-diet-nutrition-and-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-study
#12
Akinkunmi Paul Okekunle, Xiaoyan Wu, Wei Duan, Rennan Feng, Ying Li, Changhao Sun
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) intakes and risk for type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed in 1,804 people with type 2 diabetes and 7,020 controls with information on nutrient intakes, including BCAAs derived from Chinese food composition tables. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns (DPs) and multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of type 2 diabetes, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by quartiles of BCAAs were estimated using logistic regression with 2-sided p<0...
December 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620918/web-support-for-weight-loss-interventions-predircam2-clinical-trial-baseline-characteristics-and-preliminary-results
#13
Valeria Alcántara-Aragón, Susana Rodrigo-Cano, Ascension Lupianez-Barbero, María José Martinez, Carmen Martinez, José Tapia, José Manuel Iniesta, Susana Tenes, Eulalia Urgell, Gemma Navarro, M Elena Hernando, Juan Francisco Merino-Torres, Alberto de Leiva, Cintia Gonzalez
An ongoing clinical trial is testing the efficacy of web telematic support in a structured program for obesity treatment and diabetes prevention. Participants were recruited from two tertiary-care hospitals and randomized to receive either a telematic intervention (TI) supported by PREDIRCAM2 web platform or a non-telematic intervention (NTI). All receive 1-year follow-up. Both interventions consist of tailored dietary and exercise prescriptions, based on a Mediterranean dietary pattern and general WHO exercise recommendations for adults...
April 5, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614726/mediterranean-diet-and-health-outcomes-in-the-sun-cohort
#14
Silvia Carlos, Carmen De La Fuente-Arrillaga, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Cristina Razquin, Anaïs Rico-Campà, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Miguel Ruiz-Canela
The Mediterranean Dietary (MedDiet) Pattern has been linked to many beneficial health effects. This review summarizes the main findings of a prospective cohort study, the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort, specifically focused on MedDiet and the risk of major chronic disease. It is an open cohort in which 22,786 Spanish university graduates have participated since 1999 until February 2018. Data on diet, lifestyle and clinical diagnosis are collected at baseline and every two years. After reviewing 21 publications from the SUN cohort on the effects of the MedDiet, we conclude that this cohort has provided good evidence that a high MedDiet adherence is associated with a reduced incidence of all-cause mortality, fatal and non-fatal major cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, weight gain, metabolic syndrome, depression, cognitive decline, and nephrolithiasis...
March 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596767/challenges-of-ageing-in-portugal-data-from-the-epidoc-cohort
#15
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Rute Dinis Sousa, Sara S Dias, Maria José Santos, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Simões Coelho, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
INTRODUCTION: Portuguese adults have a long lifespan, but it is unclear whether they live a healthy life in their final years. We aimed to determine the prevalence of multimorbidity and characterize lifestyle and other health outcomes among older Portuguese adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation of 2393 adults, aged 65 and older, during the second wave of follow-up of the EpiDoC cohort, a population-based study involving long-term follow-up of a representative sample of the Portuguese population...
February 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588192/cardiovascular-diseases-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-western-dietary-patterns
#16
REVIEW
Luis E Pavillard, Fabiola Marín-Aguilar, Pedro Bullon, Mario D Cordero
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide, with high prevalence in industrialized countries. Cardiovascular risk factors are mainly influenced by diet, which like other lifestyle factors can be modified to either reduce or increase cardiovascular risk. Other metabolic diseases such as metabolic syndrome, type II diabetes mellitus, and obesity are associated to CVD and highly influenced by the diet. Inflammation has demonstrated to be a key factor in the biological progress of these diseases...
March 24, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576522/dietary-pattern-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm
#17
Saeideh Zareei, Reza Homayounfar, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Elham Ehrampoush, Maryam Rahimi
AIM: Among the most common metabolic disorders during pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This research was conducted to examine the dietary pattern in women with GDM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this case-study, 204 pregnant women (104 cases and 100 control women) were chosen through convenient sampling and random sampling. The subjects' food intakes were assessed using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, while their activities evaluated by physical activity questionnaire...
March 16, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576250/dietary-inflammatory-index-or-mediterranean-diet-score-as-risk-factors-for-total-and-cardiovascular-mortality
#18
A M Hodge, J K Bassett, P-A Dugué, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, R L Milne, D R English, G G Giles
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary patterns are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to examine associations of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) with total, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study; and compare the strengths of the associations. METHODS AND RESULTS: In our prospective cohort study of 41,513 men and women aged 40-69 years, a food frequency questionnaire was completed at baseline and mortality data were obtained via linkage with local and national registries over an average of 19 years follow up...
February 7, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573342/prenatal-diet-and-children-s-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-and-conduct-problems-from-3-to-8-years-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#19
Cédric Galera, Barbara Heude, Anne Forhan, Jonathan Y Bernard, Hugo Peyre, Judith Van der Waerden, Laura Pryor, Manuel-Pierre Bouvard, Maria Melchior, Sandrine Lioret, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that diet contributes substantially to lifelong physical and mental health. Although dietary exposure during gestation and early postnatal life is critical, human epidemiological data are limited regarding its link with children's subsequent externalizing issues. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of maternal diet during pregnancy in offspring's symptoms of hyperactivity-inattention and conduct problems from ages 3 to 8 years. METHODS: We used data of 1,242 mother-child pairs from a French cohort followed up from pregnancy until the children were 8 years of age...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567659/genetic-drivers-of-pancreatic-islet-function
#20
Mark P Keller, Daniel M Gatti, Kathryn L Schueler, Mary E Rabaglia, Donnie S Stapleton, Petr Simecek, Matthew Vincent, Sadie Allen, Aimee Teo Broman, Rhonda Bacher, Christina Kendziorski, Karl W Broman, Brian S Yandell, Gary A Churchill, Alan D Attie
The majority of gene loci that have been associated with type 2 diabetes play a role in pancreatic islet function. To evaluate the role of islet gene expression in the etiology of diabetes, we sensitized a genetically diverse mouse population with a Western diet high in fat (45%-kcal) and sucrose (34%) and carried out genome-wide association mapping of diabetes-related phenotypes. We quantified mRNA abundance in the islets and identified 18,820 expression quantitative trait loci. We applied mediation analysis to identify candidate causal driver genes at loci that affect the abundance of numerous transcripts...
March 22, 2018: Genetics
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