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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106816/nutrient-patterns-associated-with-fasting-glucose-and-glycated-haemoglobin-levels-in-a-black-south-african-population
#1
Tinashe Chikowore, Pedro T Pisa, Tertia van Zyl, Edith J M Feskens, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Karin R Conradie
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) burden is increasing globally. However, evidence regarding nutrient patterns associated with the biomarkers of T2D is limited. This study set out to determine the nutrient patterns associated with fasting glucose and glycated haemoglobin the biomarkers of T2D. Factor analysis was used to derive nutrient patterns of 2010 participants stratified by urban/rural status and gender. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to 25 nutrients, computed from the quantified food frequency questionnaires (QFFQ)...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#2
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086820/primary-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-through-nutritional-factors-a-systematic-review
#3
Mikel Donazar-Ezcurra, Cristina López-Del Burgo, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy, is increasing worldwide, mostly because obesity among women of reproductive age is continuously escalating. GDM is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. The aim of this article was to systematically review literature on the effectiveness of nutritional factors before or during pregnancy to prevent GDM. METHODS: We assessed the primary prevention of GDM through nutritional factors, as diet and supplements...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067892/impact-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-celiac-disease-on-nutrition-and-quality-of-life
#4
J G Nunes-Silva, V S Nunes, R P Schwartz, S Mlss Trecco, D Evazian, M L Correa-Giannella, M Nery, M S Queiroz
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) are autoimmune diseases and have similar genetic patterns. T1DM treatment is based on diet, physical activity and insulin therapy, whereas CD depends on dietary changes with restriction of wheat, rye and barley. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of individuals with the association of T1DM and CD, to characterize their nutritional status and to compare it with those with only one disease and healthier controls...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049284/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
REVIEW
Joon Ho Moon, Soo Heon Kwak, Hak C Jang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, is characterized by underlying maternal defects in the β-cell response to insulin during pregnancy. Women with a previous history of GDM have a greater than 7-fold higher risk of developing postpartum diabetes compared with women without GDM. Various risk factors for postpartum diabetes have been identified, including maternal age, glucose levels in pregnancy, family history of diabetes, pre-pregnancy and postpartum body mass index, dietary patterns, physical activity, and breastfeeding...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032067/association-of-major-dietary-patterns-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#6
Zhaleh Shadman, Mahdieh Akhoundan, Nooshin Poorsoltan, Bagher Larijani, Mostafa Qorbani, Mehdi Hedayati, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
BACKGROUND: Role of dietary modifications on the treatment and management of diabetes and complications was shown by many researchers. This study was designed to examine the association of major dietary patterns with diabetes-related cardio-metabolic risk factors in Iranian diabetes. METHODS: Totally, 525 type 2 diabetic subjects with mean age 55 ± 10 yr were included in this cross-sectional study in 2014 that followed for at least two years by the Diabetes and Metabolic disease Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012964/resveratrol-regulates-gene-transcription-via-activation-of-stimulus-responsive-transcription-factors
#7
REVIEW
Gerald Thiel, Oliver G Rössler
Resveratrol (trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene), a polyphenolic phytoalexin of grapes and other fruits and plants, is a common constituent of our diet and of dietary supplements. Many health-promoting benefits have been connected with resveratrol in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, inflammation, neurodegeneration, and diseases connected with aging. To explain the pleiotropic effects of resveratrol, the molecular targets of this compound have to be identified on the cellular level. Resveratrol induces intracellular signal transduction pathways which ultimately lead to changes in the gene expression pattern of the cells...
December 21, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007570/dysfunctional-oleoylethanolamide-signaling-in-a-mouse-model-of-prader-willi-syndrome
#8
Miki Igarashi, Vidya Narayanaswami, Virginia Kimonis, Pietro M Galassetti, Fariba Oveisi, Kwang-Mook Jung, Daniele Piomelli
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), the leading genetic cause of obesity, is characterized by a striking hyperphagic behavior that can lead to obesity, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death. The molecular mechanism underlying impaired satiety in PWS is unknown. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a lipid mediator involved in the control of feeding, body weight and energy metabolism. OEA produced by small-intestinal enterocytes during dietary fat digestion activates type-α peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR-α) to trigger an afferent signal that causes satiety...
December 19, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004615/healthy-eating-patterns-associated-with-acculturation-sex-and-bmi-among-mexican-americans
#9
Belinda Reininger, MinJae Lee, Rose Jennings, Alexandra Evans, Michelle Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships of healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns with BMI, sex, age and acculturation among Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Participants completed culturally tailored Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Indices. Multivariable mixed-effect Poisson regression models compared food pattern index scores and dietary intake of specific foods by BMI, sex, age and acculturation defined by language preference and generational status. SETTING: Participants recruited from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort study, Texas-Mexico border region, between 2008 and 2011...
December 22, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004268/dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#10
M Vitale, M Masulli, A A Rivellese, E Bonora, F Cappellini, A Nicolucci, S Squatrito, D Antenucci, A Barrea, C Bianchi, F Bianchini, L Fontana, P Fornengo, F Giorgino, A Gnasso, E Mannucci, A Mazzotti, R Nappo, A P Palena, P Pata, G Perriello, S Potenziani, R Radin, L Ricci, F Romeo, C Santini, M Scarponi, R Serra, A Timi, A A Turco, M Vedovato, D Zavaroni, S Grioni, G Riccardi, O Vaccaro
PURPOSE: Proper evaluation of polyphenols intake at the population level is a necessary step in order to establish possible associations with health outcomes. Available data are limited, and so far no study has been performed in people with diabetes. The aim of this work was to document the intake of polyphenols and their major food sources in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes and in socio-demographic subgroups. METHODS: We studied 2573 men and women aged 50-75 years...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994825/effects-of-pomegranate-seed-oil-on-metabolic-state-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Zahra Faghihimani, Parvin Mirmiran, Golbon Sohrab, Bijan Iraj, Elham Faghihimani
BACKGROUND: Rapid increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus is a serious health concern in the world. New data determined that the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus is chronic low-grade inflammation, resulting insulin resistance. Pomegranate seed oil (PSO) has anti-inflammatory effects; though it may reduce insulin resistance and improve glycemia in diabetes mellitus. The present study has been designed to investigate the effects of PSO as a natural dietary component on metabolic state of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974312/dietary-patterns-and-cardiometabolic-and-endocrine-plasma-biomarkers-in-us-women
#12
Hala B AlEssa, Vasanti S Malik, Changzheng Yuan, Walter C Willett, Tianyi Huang, Frank B Hu, Deirdre K Tobias
BACKGROUND: Healthful dietary patterns have been associated with lower risks of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease, but their relations with intermediate markers of cardiometabolic and endocrine health are less established. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), the alternate Mediterranean diet (aMED), and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) diet-quality scores with cardiometabolic and endocrine plasma biomarkers in US women...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966569/dash-dietary-pattern-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-korean-adults
#13
H S Lee, K B Lee, Y Y Hyun, Y Chang, S Ryu, Y Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary patterns are linked to risk and outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dietary intake varies by race, region and age. The relationship between a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and CKD in elderly Koreans is unclear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of 2408 community-dwelling elderly participants from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2012). DASH dietary patterns for six nutrients (protein, fiber, calcium, potassium, total fat and sodium) were collected by 24 h recall...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955720/current-evidence-on-the-association-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-dietary-patterns-in-a-global-perspective
#14
Zeinab Hosseini, Susan J Whiting, Hassan Vatanparast
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a key indicator of two main causes of death worldwide: CVD and diabetes. The present paper aimed to perform a review of the population-based research on the association of dietary patterns and the MetS in terms of methodology and findings. For the purpose of the present study, a scoping literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and hand searching in Google Scholar. Thirty-nine population-based studies were selected. Most of these studies used the factor analysis method and the a priori dietary approach, which had been initially extracted via a posteriori methods such as using the Mediterranean dietary pattern...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940206/hydroxytyrosol-ameliorates-metabolic-cardiovascular-and-liver-changes-in-a-rat-model-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-pharmacological-and-metabolism-based-investigation
#15
Hemant Poudyal, Nikolaos Lemonakis, Panagiotis Efentakis, Evangelos Gikas, Maria Halabalaki, Ioanna Andreadou, Leandros Skaltsounis, Lindsay Brown
Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of interrelated risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The Mediterranean diet has been proposed as an important dietary pattern to confer cardioprotection by attenuating risk factors of metabolic syndrome. Hydroxytyrosol (HT) is present in olive fruit and oil, which are basic constituents of the Mediterranean diet. In this study, we have shown that treatment with HT (20mg/kg/d for 8 weeks) decreased adiposity, improved impaired glucose and insulin tolerance, improved endothelial function with lower systolic blood pressure, decreased left ventricular fibrosis and resultant diastolic stiffness and reduced markers of liver damage in a diet-induced rat model of metabolic syndrome...
December 8, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925138/food-insecurity-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-older-adult-populations
#16
M L Redmond, F Dong, J Goetz, L T Jacobson, T C Collins
OBJECTIVES: Food insecurity, defined as the limited or uncertain availability of nutritious and safe foods, is a complex phenomenon and is linked to poor nutrition and diet-sensitive chronic diseases. Dietary patterns that include saturated fats and meat products are potential risk factors for the progression of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This study explored whether there is a relationship between food insecurity and PAD among a national sample of older adults. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional data analysis using data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916004/sugars-and-health-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-policy
#17
Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
The automation of the process of extracting sugars in the 1900s reduced cost and increased availability of sugars leading to a dramatic rise in consumption, which reached a peak in the 1970s. There are different definitions for sugars not naturally available in foods, and free sugars is the term used by WHO. The epidemiological evidence of the associations between sugars and obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus is fairly strong and consistent, particularly for sugar sweetened drinks in adults. The Department of Health in the UK and many other countries have recently updated their recommendations for free sugars as a result of this scientific evidence...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904566/the-characteristics-of-pre-diabetic-patients-associated-with-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-the-iranian-population
#18
Zahra Gholi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Different populations have shown various patterns of association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body composition parameters and risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed at investigating the differences between persons with prediabetes and healthy people in terms of CVD risk factors including body composition parameters, blood pressure, and lipid profile in a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control setting, a sample containing 386 (193 prediabetic subjects and 193 normal subjects) of the first-degree relatives of diabetic patients aged 35-55 years were investigated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894316/dietary-patterns-in-obese-pregnant-women-influence-of-a-behavioral-intervention-of-diet-and-physical-activity-in-the-upbeat-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Angela C Flynn, Paul T Seed, Nashita Patel, Suzanne Barr, Ruth Bell, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Sian M Robinson, Thomas A Sanders, Naveed Sattar, Jane Wardle, Lucilla Poston, Louise M Goff
BACKGROUND: Understanding dietary patterns in obese pregnant women will inform future intervention strategies to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of the child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a behavioral intervention of diet and physical activity advice on dietary patterns in obese pregnant woman participating in the UPBEAT study, and to explore associations of dietary patterns with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In the UPBEAT randomized controlled trial, pregnant obese women from eight UK multi-ethnic, inner-city populations were randomly assigned to receive a diet/physical activity intervention or standard antenatal care...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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