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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742311/an-analysis-of-selected-risk-factors-of-osteoporosis-%C3%A2-dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-%C3%A2-in-pubescent-girls-from-the-lubelskie-province
#1
Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk, Agnieszka Dmitruk, Helena Popławska
INTRODUCTION: Peak bone mass is modulated by intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic factors, such as diet, physical activity, stimulants and medications. Approximately 80-85% of peak bone mass is achieved during puberty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze selected risk factors for osteoporosis, specifically diet and physical activity, in 10- to 15-year-old girls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 461 girls from Eastern Poland (Lublin Province)...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742221/effects-of-concentrated-and-dephytinized-wheat-bran-and-rice-bran-addition-on-bread-properties
#2
Berrin Özkaya, Burcu Baumgartner, Hazim Özkaya
Wheat bran and rice bran were concentrated in terms of dietary fiber and were dephytinized by two different methods (fermentation and hydrothermal). Untreated, concentrated, concentrated-dephytinized by fermentation method, and concentrated-dephytinized by hydrothermal method bran samples were each incorporated into flour at levels of 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20%, and their effects on bread properties were investigated. Unprocessed wheat bran and rice bran addition decreased the volume yield, and the specific volume of the bread depends on the incorporation level...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741614/diet-and-risk-of-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-study-based-on-the-french-e3n-cohort
#3
Amélie Barré, Gaëlle Gusto, Claire Cadeau, Franck Carbonnel, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, using three approaches, in a large French cohort. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study in French women who completed a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline, we analyzed diet with three approaches: food groups, dietary patterns obtained by factor analysis, and the Mediterranean diet score. The primary outcome was cholecystectomy. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to assess the relationship between diet and cholecystectomy risk, adjusting for the main potential confounders...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739202/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-growth-and-body-composition-in-phenylketonuria
#4
Maureen Evans, Helen Truby, Avihu Boneh
AIM: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of protein metabolism that results from perturbation in phenylalanine hydroxylase activity leading to elevated blood levels of phenylalanine (phe). We aimed to explore the relationships between dietary patterns (total-protein, natural-protein, amino-acid formula), and the ratio of protein to energy intake with growth and body composition. METHOD: Longitudinal prospective data (1-6 measurements) of growth, dietary intake and body composition in patients treated with phe-restricted diet only (D-PKU; n=32), and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)±phe-restricted diet (BH4-PKU; n=5) were collected over a two-year period...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736911/observational-study-of-adherence-to-a-traditional-mediterranean-diet-sociocultural-characteristics-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-of-older-greek-australians-from-mediterranean-islands-medis-australia-study-protocol-and-rationale
#5
Antonia Thodis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Laima Brazionis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIM: To describe the study protocol of the MEDiterranean ISlands-Australia (MEDIS-Australia) Study modelled on the MEDIS Study conducted in Greece. The present study aims to explore adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern, determine enablers and barriers to adherence, explore the definition of Greek cuisine, and associations between adherence to the diet pattern and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome in older Greek Australians originally from Greek islands and Cyprus...
July 24, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736445/dietary-fat-and-total-energy-intake-modifies-the-effect-of-genetic-profile-risk-score-on-obesity-evidence-from-48-170-uk-biobank-participants
#6
C A Celis-Morales, D M Lyall, S Gray, L Steell, J Anderson, S Iliodromiti, P Welsh, Y Guo, F Petermann, D F Mackay, M E S Bailey, J Pell, J M R Gill, N Sattar
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multifactorial condition influenced by both genetics and lifestyle. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the association between a validated genetic profile risk score for obesity (GPRS-obesity) and body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) was modified by macronutrient intake in a large general population study. METHODS: This study included cross-sectional data from 48 170 white European adults, aged 37-73 years, participating on the UK Biobank...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736411/community-engaged-attribute-mapping-exploring-resources-and-readiness-to-change-the-rural-context-for-obesity-prevention
#7
Deborah John, Tammy Winfield, Lena Etuk, Perry Hystad, Gail Langellotto, Melinda Manore, Kathy Gunter
BACKGROUND: Individual risk factors for obesity are well-known, but environmental characteristics that influence individual risk, especially in rural communities, are not confirmed. Rural communities face unique challenges to implementing environmental strategies, such as walkability, aimed at supporting weight healthy lifestyles. Cooperative Extension, a community-embedded weight health partner, convened and engaged community members in self-exploration of local resources and readiness to change environmental characteristics perceived to promote unhealthy eating and inactivity...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735588/mode-of-action-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-in-enteric-methane-mitigation-in-pigs
#8
Y L Gong, J B Liang, M F Jahromi, Y B Wu, A G Wright, X D Liao
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect and mode of action of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (YST2) on enteric methane (CH4) mitigation in pigs. A total of 12 Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire male finisher pigs (60±1 kg), housed individually in open-circuit respiration chambers, were randomly assigned to two dietary groups: a basal diet (control); and a basal diet supplemented with 3 g/YST2 (1.8×1010 live cells/g) per kg diet. At the end of 32-day experiment, pigs were sacrificed and redox potential (Eh), pH, volatile fatty acid concentration, densities of methanogens and acetogens, and expression of methyl coenzyme-M reductase subunit A gene were determined in digesta contents from the cecum, colon and rectum...
July 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735580/high-protein-goat-s-milk-diet-identified-through-newborn-screening-clinical-warning-of-a-potentially-dangerous-dietetic-practice
#9
Evelina Maines, Giorgia Gugelmo, Elisa Tadiotto, Angelo Pietrobelli, Natascia Campostrini, Andrea Pasini, Florina Ion-Popa, Monica Vincenzi, Francesca Teofoli, Marta Camilot, Andrea Bordugo
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding is an unequalled way of providing optimal food for infants' healthy growth and development and the WHO recommends that infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life. For mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formulas are the safest alternative. Despite recommendations, it is possible that parents make potentially harmful nutritional choices for their children because of cultural beliefs or misinformation on infant nutrition...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734553/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-liver-status-in-subjects-with-different-adiposity-levels-within-the-predimed-trial
#10
Irene Cantero, Itziar Abete, Nancy Babio, Fernando Arós, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montse Fitó, James R Hebert, M Ángel Martínez-González, Xavier Pintó, M Puy Portillo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nitin Shivappa, Julia Wärnberg, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, J Antoni Tur, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, M Angeles Zulet, J Alfredo Martínez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the possible association between a validated Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and specific dietary components with suitable non-invasive markers of liver status in overweight and obese subjects within the PREDIMED study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study encompassing 794 randomized overweight and obese participants (mean ± SD age: 67.0 ± 5.0 y, 55% females) from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial was conducted...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733835/competition-and-coexistence-in-a-small-carnivore-guild
#11
Jacques de Satgé, Kristine Teichman, Bogdan Cristescu
The potential for strong competition among small sympatric carnivores results in a need for coexistence strategies whereby competitors partition along spatial, temporal and dietary axes as a means to reduce ecological overlaps. We determined spatial and temporal partitioning patterns of a guild of small African carnivores: the African wildcat Felis silvestris lybica, grey mongoose Galerella pulverulenta, small-spotted genet Genetta genetta, striped polecat Ictonyx striatus, and the yellow mongoose Cynictis penicillata...
July 21, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733610/environmental-impact-of-omnivorous-ovo-lacto-vegetarian-and-vegan-diet
#12
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Silvia Turroni, Erasmo Neviani, Ilario Ferrocino, Raffaella Di Cagno, Luca Ruini, Roberto Ciati, Donato Angelino, Jane Maddock, Marco Gobbetti, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio, Francesca Scazzina
Food and beverage consumption has a great impact on the environment, although there is a lack of information concerning the whole diet. The environmental impact of 153 Italian adults (51 omnivores, 51 ovo-lacto-vegetarians, 51 vegans) and the inter-individual variability within dietary groups were assessed in a real-life context. Food intake was monitored with a 7-d dietary record to calculate nutritional values and environmental impacts (carbon, water, and ecological footprints). The Italian Mediterranean Index was used to evaluate the nutritional quality of each diet...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732681/diurnal-rhythms-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-and-total-and-free-vitamin-d-metabolites
#13
Kerry S Jones, Jean Redmond, Anthony J Fulford, Landing Jarjou, Bo Zhou, Ann Prentice, Inez Schoenmakers
Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) concentration is known to influence the availability and bioactivity of vitamin D metabolites but its diurnal rhythm (DR), its inter-relationships with the DRs of vitamin D metabolites and its influence on free vitamin D metabolite concentrations are not well described. The DRs of plasma total 25(OH)D, total 1,25(OH)2D, DBP, albumin and calculated free 25(OH)D and free 1,25(OH)2D were measured in men and women aged 60-75 years and resident in the UK (n 30), Gambia (n 31) and China (n 30) with differences in lifestyle, dietary intake and vitamin D status...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731798/most-colorful-example-of-genetic-assimilation-exploring-the-evolutionary-destiny-of-recurrent-phenotypic-accommodation
#14
Alexander V Badyaev, Ahva L Potticary, Erin S Morrison
Evolution of adaptation requires both generation of novel phenotypic variation and retention of a locally beneficial subset of this variation. Such retention can be facilitated by genetic assimilation, the accumulation of genetic and molecular mechanisms that stabilize induced phenotypes and assume progressively greater control over their reliable production. A particularly strong inference into genetic assimilation as an evolutionary process requires a system where it is possible to directly evaluate the extent to which an induced phenotype is progressively incorporated into preexisting developmental pathways...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731553/trends-in-fluid-consumption-and-beverage-choices-among-adults-reveal-preferences-for-ayran-and-black-tea-in-central-turkey
#15
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Emine Akal Yildiz, Gülhan Samur, H Tanju Besler, Neslisşah Rakicioğlu
AIM: Beverages are globally significant sources of water in the diet. There is a lack of knowledge about fluid intake from beverage and water consumption in Turkey. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the type of drinks preferred at meals and snacks as well as the daily fluid, beverage and water intakes based on age and gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3411 randomly chosen adult participants (n = 1522 male, n = 1919 female) representing the general profile of central Turkey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731359/western-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-severe-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Evangelos Oikonomou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos, Eleni Kokkou, Alexios Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Vassiliki Gennimata, Aggelos Papanikolaou, Dimitris Tousoulis
The independent predictive value of an unhealthy diet on the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) requires further investigation. We assessed the impact of dietary pattern on CAD severity. In this cohort study, we included 188 symptomatic stable patients with CAD. Patients were categorized as having severe CAD or nonsevere CAD by coronary angiography. Among several demographics and clinical characteristics, all patients were tested using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Concerning baseline demographic characteristics, there was no difference between patients with severe CAD and nonsevere CAD...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#17
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729327/dietary-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-uk-mixed-method-study
#18
Amir Emadian, Clare Y England, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that South Asian men living in the UK are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than their white British counterparts. Despite this, limited data have been published quantifying current dietary intake patterns and qualitatively exploring eating behaviours in this population. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess diet, (2) explore perceptions of T2DM, (3) investigate factors influencing eating behaviours in overweight/obese South Asian men and (4) determine the suitability of the UK Diet and Diabetes Questionnaire (UKDDQ) for use in this population...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728852/in%C3%A2-vitro-characteristics-of-an-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-hind-gut-microbial-community-in-relation-to-different-dietary-treatments
#19
Kamarul Zaman Zarkasi, Richard S Taylor, Brett D Glencross, Guy C J Abell, Mark L Tamplin, John P Bowman
In this study, microbial community dynamics were assessed within a simple in vitro model system in order to understand those changes influenced by diet. The abundance and diversity of bacteria were monitored within different treatment slurries inoculated with salmon faecal samples in order to mimic the effects of dietary variables. A total of five complete diets and two ingredients (plant meal) were tested. The total viable counts (TVCs) and sequencing data revealed that there was very clear separation between the complete diets and the plant meal treatments, suggesting a dynamic response by the allochthonous bacteria to the treatments...
July 17, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728406/early-weaning-of-calves-after-different-dietary-regimens-affects-later-rumen-development-growth-and-carcass-traits-in-hanwoo-cattle
#20
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, JinYoung Jeong, Youl-Chang Baek, Young Kyun Oh, Minseok Kim, Kyung Min So, Min Ji Kim, Dong Woon Kim, Sung Kwon Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee
Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of different diets for early-weaned (EW) calves on rumen development, and how this affects fat deposition in the longissimus dorsi of adult Korean Hanwoo beef cattle. Methods: Three EW groups were established (each n = 12) in which two- week-old Hanwoo calves were fed for ten weeks with milk replacer + concentrate (T1), milk replacer + concentrate + roughage (T2), or milk replacer + concentrate + 30% starch (T3); a control group (n = 12) was weaned as normal...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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