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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791516/the-relevance-of-restrained-eating-behavior-for-circadian-eating-patterns-in-adolescents
#1
Stefanie A J Koch, Ute Alexy, Tanja Diederichs, Anette E Buyken, Sarah Roßbach
BACKGROUND: Restrained Eating, i.e. the tendency to restrict dietary intake to control body-weight, often emerges during adolescence and may result in changes in circadian eating patterns. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to determine the cross-sectional relevance of restrained eating for characteristics of circadian eating pattern in adolescents and whether changes in restrained eating are accompanied by concurrent changes in circadian eating pattern over the course of adolescence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791504/periconceptional-maternal-dairy-rich-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-prenatal-cerebellar-growth
#2
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Irene V Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy has been related to intrauterine brain development and neurodevelopmental disabilities in adult life. We aim to investigate associations between periconceptional maternal dietary patterns and prenatal cerebellar growth from the first trimester onwards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 women with singleton non-malformed pregnancies were enrolled before 8 weeks of gestation in the Rotterdam periconceptional cohort between 2013 and 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789039/prospective-association-between-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-the-french-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#3
Moufidath Adjibade, Cédric Lemogne, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Karen E Assmann, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
A posteriori healthier dietary patterns and several nutrients have been associated with lower risks of depression in various studies; however, evidence is lacking with regard to the prospective association between adherence to nutritional recommendations (food-based and nutrient-based recommendations) and incident depression or depressive symptoms. In this study, we investigate such associations in the NutriNet Santé cohort. The study sample included 26 225 participants (aged 18-86 years) who were initially free of depressive symptoms...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789037/a-comparison-of-statistical-and-machine-learning-techniques-in-evaluating-the-association-between-dietary-patterns-and-10-year-cardiometabolic-risk-2002-2012-the-attica-study
#4
Dimitris Panaretos, Efi Koloverou, Alexandros C Dimopoulos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Malvina Vamvakari, George Tzavelas, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Statistical methods are usually applied in examining diet-disease associations, whereas factor analysis is commonly used for dietary pattern recognition. Recently, machine learning (ML) has been also proposed as an alternative technique in health classification. In this work, the predictive accuracy of statistical v. ML methodologies as regards the association of dietary patterns on CVD risk was tested. During 2001-2002, 3042 men and women (45 (sd 14) years) were enrolled in the ATTICA study. In 2011-2012, the 10-year CVD follow-up was performed among 2020 participants...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788885/application-of-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine-by-products-as-dietary-feed-supplements-and-antibiotic-replacements-in-animal-production
#5
Abedin Abdallah, Pei Zhang, Qingzhen Zhong, Zewei Sun
Misuse of synthetic antibiotics in livestock leads to the transfer of antibiotic resistant pathogens into humans and deposits toxic residues in meat and milk. There is therefore an urgent need for safe and viable alternative approaches to improve the nutrition and wellbeing of farm animals. An alternative source that has been widely exploited is traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM). These herbal medicines are an important part of the healthcare system in many Asian countries. Such herbs contain several but less toxic bioactive compounds which are generally regarded biodegradable...
May 22, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786746/luteolin-induces-myelodysplastic-syndrome%C3%A2-derived-cell-apoptosis-via-the-p53%C3%A2-dependent-mitochondrial-signaling-pathway-mediated-by-reactive-oxygen-species
#6
Weimin Dong, Yan Lin, Yang Cao, Yue Liu, Xiaobao Xie, Weiying Gu
Luteolin, a common dietary flavonoid, induces the apoptosis of cells in several types of cancer. However, its role in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and the potential underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. To evaluate the potential benefit and underlying mechanisms of luteolin in MDS cells, the viability of SKM‑1 cells and primary bone marrow (PBM) mononuclear cells from patients with intermediate‑ or high‑risk MDS were assessed using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay. The apoptotic features of cell morphology were assessed using Wright‑Giemsa staining, DNA fragmentation was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis, and the extent of apoptosis was quantified by flow cytometry (FCM)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783972/major-dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-menstrual-pain-a-nested-case-control-study
#7
Nastaran Najafi, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Rasoul Zarrin
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, experienced by approximately two third of young women during menstruation. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea. This study aims to investigate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of dysmenorrhea among university students. METHODS: A nested case control study was conducted among 293 students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences who were randomly recruited via a proportional cluster sampling method...
May 21, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783657/eating-alone-is-differentially-associated-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men-and-women
#8
Chul-Kyoo Kim, Hyun-Jin Kim, Hae-Kyung Chung, Dayeon Shin
Few studies have examined overall patterns of eating alone in relation to the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean populations. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between patterns of eating alone and the risk of MetS in Korean adults. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) for 2013⁻2015 were used, with 8988 Korean adult participants, including 3624 men and 5364 women, aged 18 to 64 years. Patterns of eating alone were categorized into eight groups based on the total frequency of eating alone on a daily basis in the past one year: (1) three times for breakfast, lunch, and dinner; (2) twice for breakfast and dinner; (3) twice for lunch and dinner; (4) twice for breakfast and lunch; (5) once for breakfast only; (6) once for lunch only; (7) once for dinner only; and (8) never eating alone...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781841/carbohydrates-and-diet-patterns-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Ahlia Sekkarie, Jean A Welsh, Miriam B Vos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is lifestyle change, including a healthier diet. However, there are no agreed upon expert recommendations for a specific diet in the prevention or treatment of NAFLD. In this study, we review studies published between 2015 and 2017 contributing to further understanding of the role of diet in the development and progression of NAFLD, particularly those addressing sugars and dietary patterns...
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779504/association-of-dietary-patterns-of-american-adults-with-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture
#10
Mohsen Mazidi, Andre Pascal Kengne, Hassan Vatanparast
OBJECTIVE: In a representative sample of US adults, we investigated the associations of nutrient patterns (NP) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: US community-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: Participants with measured data on dietary intake and BMD from 2005 to 2010 were included. Principal components analysis was used to identify NP...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778381/dietary-patterns-are-positively-associated-with-semen-quality
#11
Michal Efrat, Anat Stein, Haim Pinkas, Ron Unger, Ruth Birk
OBJECTIVE: To study association of semen quality with a priori whole dietary pattern indexes, which reflect real-world dietary practices and the numerous combinations by which foods are consumed: Healthy Eating Index (HEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), alternate Mediterranean Diet score (aMED), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional single-center study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center and university...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777369/adherence-to-special-diets-and-its-association-with-meeting-the-nutrient-recommendations-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
A J Ahola, C Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop
AIMS: Not much is known about adherence to special diets in type 1 diabetes, characteristics of individuals with special diets, and whether such practices should raise concerns with respect to meeting the dietary recommendations. In this study, we assessed the frequencies of adherence to special diets, in a population of individuals with type 1 diabetes, and investigated the association between special diet adherence and dietary intake, measured as dietary patterns and nutrient intakes...
May 18, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776365/nutrient-intake-disparities-in-the-us-modeling-the-effect-of-food-substitutions
#13
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774385/effects-of-dietary-intake-patterns-from-1-to-4-years-on-bmi-z-score-and-body-shape-at-age-of-6-years-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study-from-brazil
#14
Leonardo Pozza Santos, Ken K Ong, Ina S Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros
PURPOSE: To assess the association between dietary intake patterns from 1 to 4 years and BMI and body shape at age of 6 years. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on 3374 Brazilian children from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. We used previously described dietary patterns from 1 to 4 years as the main exposure. We defined body shape using scores for corpulence (a recently described body shape component measured by Photonic Scanner), and trunk and gynoid fat mass percentage from DXA...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#15
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#16
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#17
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769113/thinking-beyond-opisthorchis-viverrini-for-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-lower-mekong-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jennifer A Steele, Carsten H Richter, Pierre Echaubard, Parichat Saenna, Virginia Stout, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Bruce A Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer associated with infection by the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, in the lower Mekong region. Numerous public health interventions have focused on reducing exposure to O. viverrini, but incidence of CCA in the region remains high. While this may indicate the inefficacy of public health interventions due to complex social and cultural factors, it may further indicate other risk factors or interactions with the parasite are important in pathogenesis of CCA...
May 17, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768478/urban-rural-difference-in-the-determinants-of-dietary-and-energy-intake-patterns-a-case-study-in-west-java-indonesia
#19
Satoko Kosaka, Kazuhiro Suda, Budhi Gunawan, Ardini Raksanagara, Chiho Watanabe, Masahiro Umezaki
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored differences in the determinants of individual dietary/energy intake patterns between urban and rural areas. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the associations between individual characteristics and dietary/energy intake patterns differ between urban and rural areas in West Java, Indonesia. METHODS: A 3-day weighed food record, interviews, and anthropometric measurements were conducted in Bandung (urban area; n = 85) and Sumedang (rural area; n = 201)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767701/microbiome-mediated-effects-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-inflammation
#20
Melisa A Bailey, Hannah D Holscher
The Mediterranean diet pattern is increasingly associated with improved metabolic health. Two mechanisms by which consuming a Mediterranean diet pattern may contribute to improved metabolic health are modulation of the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota and reduction of metabolic endotoxemia. Metabolic endotoxemia, defined as a 2- to 3-fold increase in circulating levels of bacterial endotoxin, has been proposed as a cause of inflammation during metabolic dysfunction. As the largest source of endotoxins in the human body, the GI microbiota represents a crucial area for research on strategies for reducing endotoxemia...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
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