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dietary pattern

Mai Ishimiya, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Yutaka Kobayashi, Moeko Noguchi-Shinohara, Chiemi Abe, Chiaki Dohmoto, Yoshihisa Ikeda, Kahori Tokuno, Kazuhiro Ooi, Masami Yokokawa, Kazuo Iwasa, Kiyonobu Komai, Shuichi Kawashiri, Masahito Yamada
Although several studies have demonstrated a potential correlation of dietary patterns with cognitive function, the relationship between tooth loss and dietary patterns and cognitive function have not been identified. In this cross-sectional study, we used a reduced rank regression (RRR) analysis, a technique used previously to observe dietary patterns based on the intakes of nutrients or levels of biomarkers associated with the condition of interest, to identify tooth loss-related dietary patterns and investigate the associations of such patterns with cognitive impairment in 334 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥ 60 years...
2018: PloS One
Noelia Urquiza-Salvat, Manrique Pascual-Geler, Olga Lopez-Guarnido, Lourdes Rodrigo, Alba Martinez-Burgos, Jose Manuel Cozar, Francisco Manuel Ocaña-Peinado, Maria Jesus Álvarez-Cubero, Ana Rivas
In Europe, countries following the traditional Mediterranean Diet (MeDi), particularly Southern European countries, have lower prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality compared to other European regions. In the present study, we investigated the association between the MeDi and the relative risk of PCa and tumor aggressiveness in a Spanish population. Among individual score components, it has been found that subjects with PCa were less likely to consume olive oil as the main culinary fat, vegetables, fruits and fish than those without...
March 15, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Purabi Sarkar, Ananya Bhowmick, Sofia Banu
Enhanced oxidative stress plays an important role in the progression and onset of diabetes and its complications. Strategies or efforts meant to reduce the oxidative stress are needed which may mitigate these pathogenic processes. The present study aims to investigate the in vitro ameliorative potential of nine antioxidant molecules in L6 myotubes under oxidative stress condition induced by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and also to comprehend the gene expression patterns of oxidative stress genes upon the supplementation of different antioxidants in induced stress condition...
March 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Josiemer Mattei
The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been recommended to the general population by many scientific organizations as a healthy dietary pattern, based on strong evidence of association with improved cardiometabolic health, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. However, most studies have been conducted in Mediterranean or European countries or among white populations in the United States (US), while few exist for non-Mediterranean countries or racial/ethnic minority populations in the US...
March 14, 2018: Nutrients
Fatemeh Zaribaf, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Parvane Saneei, Awat Feizi, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The associations between empirically derived dietary habits and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have not been investigated. This study aimed to assess the relationship between empirically derived dietary habits and IBS in a large population of Iranian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, dietary habits of 4763 adults were assessed in three domains, "meal pattern", "eating rate" and "intra-meal fluid intake"...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shuangqin Yan, Hui Cao, Chunli Gu, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify the major dietary patterns among preschoolers and assess the relation of major dietary patterns to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted comprising a large sample of 14,912 children aged 3-6 years old in Ma'anshan city of Anhui Province in China. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the 10-item Chinese version of the Conners' abbreviated symptom questionnaire were administered to assess usual dietary intakes and ADHD...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sydney Heiss, James F Boswell, Julia M Hormes
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a valid and reliable measure of eating-related pathology, but its factor structure has proven difficult to replicate. Given differences in dietary patterns in vegans compared to omnivores, proper measurement of eating disorder symptoms is especially important in studies of animal product avoiders. METHOD: This study compared goodness-of-fit of five alternative models of the EDE-Q in vegans (i.e...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Chou-Yueh Chang, Horng-Rong Chang, Hsing-Chun Lin, Han-Hsin Chang
Objective Vegetarian diets have been shown to increase the risk of certain nutritional deficiencies, such as iron. As a number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan are lacto-ovo vegetarians, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different proportions and sources of protein in lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivorous diets, as well as the influence of adequate dietary protein intake, on renal function and nutritional status of Taiwanese patients with stage 3 to stage 5 CKD. Methods This is a cross-sectional study...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Caoileann H Murphy, Mahalakshmi Shankaran, Tyler A Churchward-Venne, Cameron J Mitchell, Nathan M Kolar, Louise M Burke, John A Hawley, Amira Kassis, Leonidas G Karagounis, Kelvin Li, Chelsea King, Marc Hellerstein, Stuart M Phillips
We determined how the pattern of protein intake and resistance training (RT) influenced longer-term (2-wk) integrated myofibrillar protein synthesis (MyoPS) during energy restriction (ER). MyoPS and proteome kinetics were measured during 2-wk of ER alone and 2-wk of ER plus RT (ER + RT) in overweight/obese older men. Participants were randomized to consume dietary protein in a balanced (BAL: 25% daily protein/meal x 4 meals) or skewed (SKEW: 7:17:72:4% daily protein/meal) pattern (n = 10/group). Participants ingested D2 O during the consecutive 2-wk periods, and skeletal muscle biopsies and serum were obtained at the beginning and conclusion of ER and ER + RT...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Seunghyeon Kim, Michael F Fenech, Pan-Jun Kim
Diet design for vegetarian health is challenging due to the limited food repertoire of vegetarians. This challenge can be partially overcome by quantitative, data-driven approaches that utilise massive nutritional information collected for many different foods. Based on large-scale data of foods' nutrient compositions, the recent concept of nutritional fitness helps quantify a nutrient balance within each food with regard to satisfying daily nutritional requirements. Nutritional fitness offers prioritisation of recommended foods using the foods' occurrence in nutritionally adequate food combinations...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tiffany Yang, Nu-Chu Liang
Physical inactivity and increased consumption of energy dense, high fat (HF) foods often leads to a state of positive energy balance. Regular exercise can facilitate the maintenance of a healthy body weight and mediate changes in dietary selection. Past studies using a two-diet choice (chow vs. HF) and voluntary wheel running paradigm found that when a novel HF diet and wheel running are simultaneously introduced, male rats show complete and persistent HF diet avoidance whereas the majority of females show HF diet avoidance for a few days, but then revert to HF diet preference...
March 9, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
David R Merkle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carolina Schwedhelm, Khalid Iqbal, Sven Knüppel, Lukas Schwingshackl, Heiner Boeing
Background: Principal component analysis (PCA) is a widely used exploratory method in epidemiology to derive dietary patterns from habitual diet. Such dietary patterns seem to originate from intakes on multiple days and eating occasions. Therefore, analyzing food intake of study populations with different levels of food consumption can provide additional insights as to how habitual dietary patterns are formed. Objective: We analyzed the food intake data of German adults in terms of the relations among food groups from three 24-h dietary recalls (24hDRs) on the habitual, single-day, and main-meal levels, and investigated the contribution of each level to the formation of PCA-derived habitual dietary patterns...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Adelais Athanasatou, Aikaterini Kandyliari, Olga Malisova, Alex Pepa, Maria Kapsokefalou
Objective: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate sodium and potassium intake, employing 24 h and spot urine samples and food diaries for seven consecutive days. Methods: For seven consecutive days subjects recorded their food and drink intakes, and recorded and collected all urinations. Food sodium and potassium intake were analyzed in 24- and 6-h intervals from wake-up time. Urine indices were analyzed in first morning, 24- and 6-h intervals samples over the day from wake-up time...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
Mengjuan Shi, Cunli Zhang, Ivan Fan Xia, Siu To Cheung, Kwong Sen Wong, Ka-Hing Wong, Doris W T Au, David E Hinton, Kevin W H Kwok
Selenium (Se) is an essential element and its biological activity is related to its speciation. It is also well-known that in excess it can cause teratogenesis in fish and birds. In this study we compared dietary toxicity of elemental selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with selenite and selenomethionine (Se-Met). Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) was used as a laboratory model to determine Se effects on adults and their offspring. Adult females were individually exposed using a dry diet fortified with 0, 10 or 20 µg/g of the three Se species for 7 days and then allowed to breed for 3 days...
March 8, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Nurul Mubarokah, Julie-Ann Hulin, Peter Ian Mackenzie, Ross A McKinnon, Alex Z Haines, Dong Gui Hu, Robyn Meech
The UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) have a crucial role in protection against dietary toxins and metabolism of orally administered drugs. A subset of UGTs including UGT1A8, UGT1A9, and UGT1A10 are highly expressed in GI tissues and this has been shown to be at least partly directed by the caudal homeodomain transcription factor, CDX2. We sought to further define the factors involved in regulation of the UGT1A8-1A10 genes and identified a novel composite element located within the proximal promoters of these three genes that binds to both CDX2 and the hepatocyte nuclear factor HNF4α, and mediates synergistic activation by these factors...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
Jean-Philippe Krieger, Sophie Cabaset, Giulia Pestoni, Sabine Rohrmann, David Faeh
Defining dietary guidelines requires a quantitative assessment of the influence of diet on the development of diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate how dietary patterns were associated with mortality in a general population sample of Switzerland. We included 15,936 participants from two population-based studies (National Research Program 1A (NRP1A) and Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA)-1977 to 1993) who fully answered a simplified 24-h dietary recall. Mortality data were available through anonymous record linkage with the Swiss National Cohort (follow-up of up to 37...
March 7, 2018: Nutrients
Iris Iglesia, Inge Huybrechts, Theodora Mouratidou, Javier Santabárbara, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Yannis Manios, Alejandro De la O Puerta, Anthony Kafatos, Frédéric Gottrand, Ascensión Marcos, Stefania Sette, Maria Plada, Peter Stehle, Dénes Molnár, Kurt Widhalm, Mathilde Kersting, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVES: To determine dietary patterns (DPs) and explain the highest variance of vitamin B6 , folate, and B12 intake and related concentrations among European adolescents. METHODS: A total of 2173 adolescents who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study met the eligibility criteria for the vitamin B intake analysis (46% boys) and 586 adolescents for the biomarkers analysis (47% boys). Two non-consecutive, 24-h, dietary recalls were used to assess the mean intakes...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition
Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Francesca Bravi, Monica Ferraroni, Diego Serraino, Maurizio Montella, Attilio Giacosa, Federica Toffolutti, Eva Negri, Fabio Levi, Carlo La Vecchia
The Mediterranean diet has been related to a reduced risk of several common cancers but its role on breast cancer has not been quantified yet. We investigated the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and breast cancer risk by means of a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Italy and Switzerland. 3034 breast cancer cases and 3392 controls admitted to the same network of hospitals for acute, non-neoplastic and non-gynaecologic diseases were studied. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was quantitatively measured through a Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), summarizing the major characteristics of the Mediterranean dietary pattern and ranging from 0 (lowest adherence) to 9 (highest adherence)...
March 8, 2018: Nutrients
Diego Rada-Fernandez de Jauregui, Charlotte E L Evans, Petra Jones, Darren C Greenwood, Neil Hancock, Janet E Cade
Few prospective cohort studies in the UK have specifically focused on the associations between commonly consumed dietary patterns and colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess whether red meat, poultry, fish and vegetarian dietary patterns are associated with differences in the incidence of cancers of colon and rectum in the UKWCS. Four common dietary patterns were defined based on a hierarchy of consumption of red meat, poultry, and fish for each cohort participant, using a 217-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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