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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647435/dietary-habits-in-parkinson-s-disease-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet
#1
Erica Cassani, Michela Barichella, Valentina Ferri, Giovanna Pinelli, Laura Iorio, Carlotta Bolliri, Serena Caronni, Samanta A Faierman, Antonia Mottolese, Chiara Pusani, Fatemeh Monajemi, Marianna Pasqua, Alessandro Lubisco, Emanuele Cereda, Gianni Pezzoli
INTRODUCTION: Our objective is to describe the dietary habits, food preferences and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MeDi) of a large sample of Italian Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients compared to a group of controls. METHODS: Dietary habits of 600 PD patients from throughout Italy and 600 controls matched by gender, age, education, physical activity level and geographical residence, were collected using the ON-GP Food Frequency Questionnaire. Then, we compared patients by disease duration and the presence of swallowing disturbances...
June 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644415/genome-wide-association-study-of-dietary-pattern-scores
#2
Frédéric Guénard, Annie Bouchard-Mercier, Iwona Rudkowska, Simone Lemieux, Patrick Couture, Marie-Claude Vohl
Dietary patterns, representing global food supplies rather than specific nutrients or food intakes, have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. The contribution of genetic factors in the determination of food intakes, preferences and dietary patterns has been previously established. The current study aimed to identify novel genetic factors associated with reported dietary pattern scores. Reported dietary patterns scores were derived from reported dietary intakes for the preceding month and were obtained through a food frequency questionnaire and genome-wide association study (GWAS) conducted in a study sample of 141 individuals...
June 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641884/oxidative-stress-profiles-in-brain-point-out-a-higher-susceptibility-of-fish-to-waterborne-divalent-mercury-compared-to-dietary-organic-mercury
#3
Olívia Cardoso, Sónia Puga, Fátima Brandão, João Canário, Nelson J O'Driscoll, Maria Ana Santos, Mário Pacheco, Patrícia Pereira
This study examines, for the first time, the neurotoxicity of Hg(II) and MeHg in fish (Diplodus sargus) in a time-course comparative perspective and considering realistic exposure levels and routes. Both forms followed an identical time-variation pattern of accumulation in the brain, but dietary MeHg was more efficiently transported to the brain. MeHg was substantially eliminated from the brain in 28days of depuration, which did not occur for Hg(II). Moreover, Hg(II) displayed a high neurotoxicity potential, as unveiled by the poor activation of brain antioxidant defenses and recurrent oxidative damage (as protein oxidation), while the opposite was recorded upon MeHg exposure...
June 19, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#4
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#5
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#6
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637371/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-serum-adiponectin-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-japanese-population
#7
Tirani Bahari, Hirokazu Uemura, Sakurako Katsuura-Kamano, Miwa Yamaguchi, Mariko Nakamoto, Keisuke Miki, Fusakazu Sawachika, Kokichi Arisawa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between dietary pattern, adiponectin and insulin resistance. The study population consisted of 612 men and women aged 35-69 years old who had participated in the baseline survey of Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study in Tokushima Prefecture. Diets and lifestyle related variables were assessed by questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse the relations between dietary patterns and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636949/cloning-expression-and-nutritional-regulation-of-the-glutamine-synthetase-gene-in-ctenopharyngodon-idellus
#8
Rong Hu, Fufa Qu, Jianzhou Tang, Qiong Zhao, Jinpeng Yan, Zhigang Zhou, Yi Zhou, Zhen Liu
Glutamine synthetase (GS) is considered a master enzyme that catalyses ATP-dependent biosynthesis of glutamine from glutamate. In the present study, the GS gene was cloned from the intestine of grass carp, (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). The full-length cDNA sequence of GS encodes a 371-amino-acid polypetide. Phylogenetic analysis of the C. idellus GS sequence reveals common carp (Cyprinus carpio) as its closest neighbor. GS mRNA was differentially expressed in different tissues, with high to low gradient expression the intestine, brain, muscle, heart, gill, liver, pituitary gland, and spleen...
June 18, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#9
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636271/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-alexithymia
#10
Kirsi Honkalampi, Anu Ruusunen, Heimo Viinamäki, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Minna Valkonen-Korhonen, Soili M Lehto
Recent evidence supports the association between healthy dietary patterns and a reduced risk of depression. The objective was: (1) to examine the associations between dietary patterns and alexithymic features; and (2) investigate whether these possible associations are explained by depressive symptoms in a cross-sectional study among the Finnish general population aged 25-65 years. The study population was a part of the population-based Kuopio Depression Study (KUDEP) conducted in central-eastern Finland (n = 1747)...
June 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#11
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635328/dietary-implications-for-patients-receiving-long-term-oral-anticoagulation-therapy-for-treatment-and-prevention-of-thromboembolic-disease
#12
Emmanouela Kampouraki, Farhad Kamali
The effectiveness of oral anticoagulation therapy with warfarin (a vitamin K antagonist) in the treatment of thromboembolic disease, including stroke prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation is well recognised. However, warfarin has a narrow therapeutic window and an unpredictable anticoagulation response, which make it difficult to achieve and maintain optimal anticoagulation. Various dietary factors, including sudden changes in eating patterns, can significantly alter anticoagulation control, thereby potentially exposing patients to the risk of bleeding or thromboembolic complications...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635163/early-pregnancy-body-mass-index-modifies-the-association-of-pre-pregnancy-dietary-patterns-with-serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-in-brazilian-women
#13
Camila Benaim, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Thatiana de Jesus Pereira Pinto, Jaqueline Lepsch, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Juliana Dos Santos Vaz, Tatiana El-Bacha, Gilberto Kac
Dietary patterns (DPs) have been described as an important factor that may influence polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy. We aim to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy DPs and serum PUFA percentages throughout pregnancy considering early pregnancy BMI as a possible effect modifier. A prospective cohort of 154 pregnant women was followed (5th-13th, 20th-26th, and 30th-36th gestational weeks). Serum PUFA concentrations (total n-3 and total n-6, eicosapentaenoic + docosahexaenoic acids) were measured in each trimester and expressed as percentages...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634490/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-older-adults-eating-patterns-and-health
#14
Roschelle Heuberger
Pet ownership has been shown to improve quality of life for older adults. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare older pet owners and older non-pet owners and assess differences between groups. This study was conducted on adults over 50 years of age, who owned either one cat or one dog versus nonowners based on age, race, gender, and education. Matched older pet owners (OPO) versus non-pet owners (NPO) pairs (n = 84), older cat owners (OCO) versus non-cat owners (NCO) (n = 29), and older dog owners (ODO) versus non-dog owners (NDO) pairs (n = 55) were analyzed...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633943/diet-borne-systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-prevalent-tooth%C3%A2-loss
#15
Georgios A Kotsakis, Vanessa Chrepa, Nitin Shivappa, Michael Wirth, James Hébert, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The deleterious effect of cariogenic dietary patterns on tooth loss is well characterized, but the contribution of diet-borne systemic inflammation to loss of teeth remains uncharted. Recent efforts have unveiled a protective role of single nutrients to periodontal health. However, the assessment of overall diet as a modifiable risk factor for oral health remains elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between diet-borne systemic inflammation and tooth loss in a representative sample of the US adult non-institutionalized population...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#16
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633683/plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-is-regulated-through-dietary-fat-intake-and-heritability-studies-in-twins
#17
Anna Janina Engstler, Turid Frahnow, Michael Kruse, Andreas Friedrich Hermann Pfeiffer, Ina Bergheim
In different pathophysiological conditions plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) plasma concentrations are elevated. As dietary patterns are considered to influence PAI-1 concentration, we aimed to determine active PAI-1 plasma concentrations and mRNA expression in adipose tissue before and after consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) and the impact of additive genetic effects herein in humans. For 6 weeks, 46 healthy, non-obese pairs of twins (aged 18-70) received a normal nutritionally balanced diet (ND) followed by an isocaloric HFD for 6 weeks...
June 21, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630807/an-overview-of-food-patterns-and-diet-quality-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-household-income-expenditure-survey
#18
Mohammed Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Nasser Al-Mahdi, Hefzi Al-Kareem, Darine Barakat, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Afaf Tawfik, Hammad Akram
INTRODUCTION: Availability of accurate data pertaining to a population's dietary patterns and associated health outcomes is critical for proper development and implementation of related policies. This article is a first attempt to share the food patterns, amounts and diet quality among households (HH) in Qatar. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 Qatar National Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) was used. This cross-sectional survey included 3723 HH (1826 Qatari HH and 1897 non-Qatari HH)...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630627/changes-in-polyphenols-contents-and-antioxidant-capacities-of-organically-and-conventionally-cultivated-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l-fruits-during-ripening
#19
Dea Anton, Ingrid Bender, Tanel Kaart, Mati Roasto, Marina Heinonen, Anne Luik, Tõnu Püssa
Polyphenols of fruits and vegetables form an important part of human dietary compounds. Relatively little is known about accumulation of phenolics during fruits ripening process. The goal of this work was to study the changes in antioxidant activity and in content of 30 polyphenols during ripening of tomato fruits. Five organically and conventionally grown tomato cultivars were investigated at three different ripening stages. Phenolic compounds were extracted with methanol and extracts were analyzed by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630616/a-plant-based-diet-for-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Trisha Mandes, Anthony Crimarco
The goal of this paper is to review the evidence related to the effect of plant-based dietary patterns on obesity and weight loss, including both observational and intervention trials. Literature from plant-based diets (PBDs) epidemiological and clinical trial research was used to inform this review. In addition, data on dietary quality, adherence, and acceptability were evaluated and are presented. Both clinical trials and observational research indicate an advantage to adoption of PBDs for preventing overweight and obesity and promoting weight loss...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
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