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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106816/nutrient-patterns-associated-with-fasting-glucose-and-glycated-haemoglobin-levels-in-a-black-south-african-population
#1
Tinashe Chikowore, Pedro T Pisa, Tertia van Zyl, Edith J M Feskens, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Karin R Conradie
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) burden is increasing globally. However, evidence regarding nutrient patterns associated with the biomarkers of T2D is limited. This study set out to determine the nutrient patterns associated with fasting glucose and glycated haemoglobin the biomarkers of T2D. Factor analysis was used to derive nutrient patterns of 2010 participants stratified by urban/rural status and gender. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to 25 nutrients, computed from the quantified food frequency questionnaires (QFFQ)...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106791/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-and-risk-markers-in-a-middle-aged-british-male-population-data-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-study
#2
Elly Mertens, Oonagh Markey, Johanna M Geleijnse, David Ian Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
Dietary behaviour is an important modifiable factor in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The study aimed to identify dietary patterns (DPs) and explore their association with CVD incidence and risk markers. A follow-up of 1838 middle-aged men, aged 47-67 years recruited into the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study at phase 2 (1984-1988) was undertaken. Principal component analysis identified three DPs at baseline, which explained 24.8% of the total variance of food intake. DP1, characterised by higher intakes of white bread, butter, lard, chips and sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intake of wholegrain bread, was associated with higher CVD (HR 1...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105507/worldwide-poly-phenol-intake-assessment-methods-and-identified-gaps
#3
REVIEW
Paula Pinto, Cláudia N Santos
INTRODUCTION: (Poly)phenols (PPs) are plant secondary metabolites widely distributed in dietary sources, and several evidences show that consumption of PP has a positive impact in human health. However, the correct estimation of food intake and the estimation of PP content of foods are essential to associate PPs intake with health effects. PURPOSE: This review aimed to gather information from several studies on PP intake in different countries, compare methods used for both assessment of food intake and PP quantification and highlight existing gaps and future directions...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103559/exploring-the-missing-links-between-dietary-habits-and-diseases
#4
Malay Bhattacharyya, Soumi Maity, Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay
Disease dietomics is an emerging area of systems biology that attempts to explore the connections between the dietary habits and diseases. Some of the topical studies highlight that foods might have different impacts over an organism either in progressing a disease (negative association) or in fighting against it (positive association). The association of foods with different diseases can be put together to build a network that might provide a global view of the entire system. Again, such disease-food networks might emerge in a more complex form while considering the disease subtypes individually...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103462/low-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-portugal-pregnant-women-nutrition-in-portugal-and-its-repercussions
#5
REVIEW
Luis Pereira-da-Silva, Elisabete Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Portuguese population is drifting away from the Mediterranean diet-like pattern. In this context, the current nutritionalstatus of women of childbearing age and of pregnant Portuguese women and their growing fetuses is critically reviewed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A narrative critical review was performed on recent published high quality studies assessing diet and nutritional status of women of childbearing age and pregnant women and its influence on the nutritional status of their offspring...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102354/a-signature-of-renal-stress-resistance-induced-by-short-term-dietary-restriction-fasting-and-protein-restriction
#6
F Jongbloed, T C Saat, M Verweij, C Payan-Gomez, J H J Hoeijmakers, S van den Engel, C T van Oostrom, G Ambagtsheer, S Imholz, J L A Pennings, H van Steeg, J N M IJzermans, M E T Dollé, R W F de Bruin
During kidney transplantation, ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induces oxidative stress. Short-term preoperative 30% dietary restriction (DR) and 3-day fasting protect against renal IRI. We investigated the contribution of macronutrients to this protection on both phenotypical and transcriptional levels. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed control food ad libitum, underwent two weeks of 30%DR, 3-day fasting, or received a protein-, carbohydrate- or fat-free diet for various periods of time. After completion of each diet, renal gene expression was investigated using microarrays...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099509/a-comparative-study-on-antioxidant-system-in-fish-hepatopancreas-and-intestine-affected-by-choline-deficiency-different-change-patterns-of-varied-antioxidant-enzyme-genes-and-nrf2-signaling-factors
#7
Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Jun Jiang, Juan Zhao, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Lin Feng
The liver and intestine are susceptible to the oxidative damage which could result in several diseases. Choline deficiency induced oxidative damage in rat liver cells. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms responsible for choline deficiency-induced oxidative damage. Juvenile Jian carp were fed diets differing in choline content [165 (deficient group), 310, 607, 896, 1167 and 1820 mg/kg diet] respectively for 65 days. Oxidative damage, antioxidant enzyme activities and related gene expressions in the hepatopancreas and intestine were measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096780/molecular-breeding-of-a-novel-orange-brown-tomato-fruit-with-enhanced-beta-carotene-and-chlorophyll-accumulation
#8
Ranjith Kumar Manoharan, Hee-Jeong Jung, Indeok Hwang, Namhee Jeong, Kang Hee Kho, Mi-Young Chung, Ill-Sup Nou
BACKGROUND: Tomatoes provide a significant dietary source of the carotenoids, lycopene and β-carotene. During ripening, carotenoid accumulation determines the fruit colors while chlorophyll degradation. These traits have been, and continue to be, a significant focus for plant breeding efforts. Previous work has found strong evidence for a relationship between CYC-B gene expression and the orange color of fleshy fruit. Other work has identified a point mutation in SGR that impedes chlorophyll degradation and causes brown flesh color to be retained in some tomato varieties...
2017: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096140/setting-the-lipid-component-of-the-diet-a-work-in-process
#9
REVIEW
Fabiola M Del Razo Olvera, Marco A Melgarejo Hernández, Roopa Mehta, Carlos A Aguilar Salinas
Some of the most relevant yet controversial issues in nutrition are those surrounding the guidelines on quality and quantity of dietary fat in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and coronary heart diseases. Conflicting evidence questions the credibility of the previous dietary guidelines, particularly the quality of the evidence on which these recommendations were based. It is therefore important to explore the changes that have occurred in these guidelines and their influence on the adoption of different dietary patterns over time...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#10
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096130/early-life-nutrition-and-neurodevelopment-use-of-the-piglet-as-a-translational-model
#11
REVIEW
Austin T Mudd, Ryan N Dilger
Optimal nutrition early in life is critical to ensure proper structural and functional development of infant organ systems. Although pediatric nutrition historically has emphasized research on the relation between nutrition, growth rates, and gastrointestinal maturation, efforts increasingly have focused on how nutrition influences neurodevelopment. The provision of human milk is considered the gold standard in pediatric nutrition; thus, there is interest in understanding how functional nutrients and bioactive components in milk may modulate developmental processes...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096123/current-evidence-on-the-association-of-dietary-patterns-and-bone-health-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Elham Z Movassagh, Hassan Vatanparast
Nutrition is an important modifiable factor that affects bone health. Diet is a complex mixture of nutrients and foods that correlate or interact with each other. Dietary pattern approaches take into account contributions from various aspects of diet. Findings from dietary pattern studies could complement those from single-nutrient and food studies on bone health. In this study we aimed to conduct a scoping review of the literature that assessed the impact of dietary patterns (derived with the use of both a priori and data-driven approaches) on bone outcomes, including bone mineral status, bone biomarkers, osteoporosis, and fracture risk...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095936/how-expensive-is-a-cardioprotective-diet-analysis-from-the-cressida-study
#13
Dianne P Reidlinger, Thomas Ab Sanders, Louise M Goff
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a cardioprotective dietary intervention based on UK dietary guidelines was more expensive than a conventional UK diet. DESIGN: Cost analysis of food records collected at baseline and after a 12-week dietary intervention of a cardioprotective diet v. conventional UK diet. SETTING: A randomized controlled dietary intervention study (CRESSIDA; ISRCTN 92382106) investigating the impact of following a diet consistent with UK dietary guidelines on CVD risk...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094554/impact-of-phytochemicals-and-dietary-patterns-on-epigenome-and-cancer
#14
Wissam Zam, Aziz Khadour
Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death around the world. Initially it is recognized as a genetic disease, but now it is known to involve epigenetic abnormalities along with genetic alterations. Epigenetics refers to heritable changes that are not encoded in the DNA sequence itself, but play an important role in the control of gene expression. It includes changes in DNA methylation, histone modifications, and RNA interference. Although it is heritable, environmental factors such as diet could directly influence epigenetic mechanisms in humans...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094058/association-between-dietary-patterns-cadmium-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults
#15
Zumin Shi, Anne W Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Almost one in ten Chinese adults has chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the link between dietary patterns, dietary cadmium intake and CKD has not been studied in China. METHOD: Adults (n = 8429) in the China Health and Nutrition Survey who had at least one 3-day 24 h food record in combination with household food inventory in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009 and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measured in 2009. Dietary pattern was identified using factor analysis...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093091/is-there-an-association-between-diet-and-depression-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#16
Sundus Khalid, Claire M Williams, Shirley A Reynolds
This review critically evaluates previous studies investigating the association between dietary intake of children and young people and depression and related mental health problems. A systematic literature search was conducted using electronic databases such as PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane. A total of twenty studies were identified that met inclusion criteria and were subsequently rated for quality. The studies used a range of methods to measure dietary intake and mental health. Important potential confounding variables (e...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092399/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-global-and-domain-specific-cognitive-decline-in-chinese-elderly
#17
Yen-Ching Chen, Chien-Cheng Jung, Jen-Hau Chen, Jeng-Min Chiou, Ta-Fu Chen, Ya-Fang Chen, Sung-Chun Tang, Shin-Joe Yeh, Meei-Shyuan Lee
BACKGROUND: Significant differences exist between eastern and western diets, and the way in which Chinese dietary intake relates to specific cognitive domains remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and cognitive decline in Chinese elderly. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the elderly health checkup program of a teaching hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 475 elders (age ≥65) were included in this prospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092149/issues-in-nutrition-nutritional-assessment-of-adults
#18
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The assessment of nutritional status in adults should begin with a complete history, including intake of fruits and vegetables, sources of fat, and added sugar (eg, sugar-sweetened beverages). The history should include social factors that may impede a patient's ability to obtain food, as well as any factors that might interfere with preparing, chewing, and digesting food and absorbing nutrients. The physical examination should include measurement of height and weight and calculation of body mass index. It also may include measurements of waist circumference and waist to hip ratio, and an evaluation of strength...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092016/testing-event-based-forms-of-causality
#19
Alexander von Eye, Wolfgang Wiedermann
Three fundamental types of causal relations are those of necessity, sufficiency, and necessity and sufficiency. These types are defined in contexts of categorical variables or events. Using statement calculus or Boolean algebra, one can determine which patterns of events are in support of a particular form of causal relation. In this article, we approach the analysis of these forms of causality taking the perspective of the analyst of empirical data. It is proposed using Configural Frequency Analysis (CFA) to test hypotheses about type of causal relation...
January 14, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091346/the-role-of-metabolomics-in-determination-of-new-dietary-biomarkers
#20
A O'Gorman, L Brennan
Traditional methods for the assessment of dietary intake are prone to error; in order to improve and enhance these methods increasing interest in the identification of dietary biomarkers has materialised. Metabolomics has emerged as a key tool in the area of dietary biomarker discovery and to date the use of metabolomics has identified a number of putative biomarkers. Applications to identify novel biomarkers of intake have in general taken three approaches: (1) specific acute intervention studies to identify specific biomarkers of intake; (2) searching for biomarkers in cohort studies by correlating to self-reported intake of a specific food/food group(s); (3) analysing dietary patterns in conjunction with metabolomic profiles to identify biomarkers and nutritypes...
January 16, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
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