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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437326/favorable-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-with-parenteral-nutrition-associated-liver-disease-treated-with-intravenous-fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsion
#1
Michael Sorrell, Alvaro Moreira, Kay Green, Rachel Jacob, Robin Tragus, Laura Keller, Amy Quinn, Donald McCurnin, Alice Gong, Abeer El Sakka, Naveen Mittal, Cynthia Blanco
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the acute and long-term outcomes of preterm infants treated with an intravenous fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FishLE) for parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). METHODS: Preterm infants 14 days to 24 months of age with anatomic short gut or severe intestinal dysmotility, serum direct bilirubin ≥4 mg/dL, and requiring >60% calories from parenteral nutrition were eligible. Enrolled infants received 1 g · kg · day of FishLE until resolution of direct hyperbilirubinemia or return of enteral nutrition...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435516/docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-promotes-immunogenic-apoptosis-in-human-multiple-myeloma-cells-induces-autophagy-and-inhibits-stat3-in-both-tumor-and-dendritic-cells
#2
Donatella D'Eliseo, Livia Di Renzo, Angela Santoni, Francesca Velotti
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oil, is a multi-target agent and exerts anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities alone or in combination with chemotherapies. Combinatorial anticancer therapies, which induce immunogenic apoptosis, autophagy and STAT3 inhibition have been proposed for long-term therapeutic success. Here, we found that DHA promoted immunogenic apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells, with no toxicity on PBMCs and DCs. Immunogenic apoptosis was shown by the emission of specific DAMPs (CRT, HSP90, HMGB1) by apoptotic MM cells and the activation of their pro-apoptotic autophagy...
January 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#3
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433920/proteomic-analysis-of-sockeye-salmon-serum-as-a-tool-for-biomarker-discovery-and-new-insight-into-the-sublethal-toxicity-of-diluted-bitumen
#4
Sarah L Alderman, Laura A Dindia, Christopher J Kennedy, Anthony P Farrell, Todd E Gillis
Pipelines carrying diluted bitumen (dilbit) from Canada's oil sands traverse North America, including the freshwater habitat of Pacific salmon, posing a risk of environmental release and aquatic exposure. Swimming performance is impacted in juvenile sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) exposed to dilbit; therefore biomarkers of dilbit exposure will be valuable for monitoring at-risk salmon stocks. This study characterized changes in the serum proteome of sockeye exposed to a sub-lethal and environmentally relevant concentration of dilbit using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ), and included a range of experimental conditions to permit identification of biomarkers that are robust across time (1 and 4wk) and exercise level (at rest and following a swim test)...
April 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431261/dietary-patterns-and-depression-risk-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Ye Li, Mei-Rong Lv, Yan-Jin Wei, Ling Sun, Ji-Xiang Zhang, Huai-Guo Zhang, Bin Li
Although some studies have reported potential associations of dietary patterns with depression risk, a consistent perspective hasn't been estimated to date. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of depression. A literature research was conducted searching MEDLINE and EMBASE databases up to September 2016. In total, 21 studies from ten countries met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by a high intakes of fruit, vegetables, whole grain, fish, olive oil, low-fat dairy and antioxidants and low intakes of animal foods was apparently associated with a decreased risk of depression...
April 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#6
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427779/fish-oil-lc-pufas-do-not-affect-blood-coagulation-parameters-and-bleeding-manifestations-analysis-of-8-clinical-studies-with-selected-patient-groups-on-omega-3-enriched-medical-nutrition
#7
Stephanie Jeansen, Renger F Witkamp, Jossie A Garthoff, Ardy van Helvoort, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The increased consumption of fish oil enriched-products exposes a wide diversity of people, including elderly and those with impaired health to relatively high amounts of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs). There is an ongoing debate around the possible adverse effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs on bleeding risk, particularly relevant in people with a medical history of cardiovascular events or using antithrombotic drugs. METHODS: This analysis of 8 clinical intervention studies conducted with enteral medical nutrition products containing fish oil as a source of n-3 LC-PUFAs addresses the occurrence of bleeding-related adverse events and effects on key coagulation parameters (Prothrombin Time [PT], (activated) and Partial Thromboplastin Time [(a)PTT])...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426081/total-substitution-of-dietary-fish-oil-by-vegetable-oils-stimulates-muscle-hypertrophic-growth-in-senegalese-sole-and-the-upregulation-of-fgf6
#8
Graciliana Lopes, Luís Filipe Costa Castro, Luísa Maria Pinheiro Valente
The long term effects of fish oil (FO) substitution by increasing the levels of vegetable oils (VO), 0% (CTR), 50% (VO50) and 100% (VO100), in diets for Senegalese sole were evaluated in terms of skeletal muscle cellularity and expression of related genes. After 140 days of feeding, all fish had similar body weight and length. The inclusion of 50% VO did not result in differences in muscle cellularity, but dorsal muscle cross-sectional area and fast-twitch fibre diameter increased in fish fed total FO substitution, whilst fibre density was reduced (P < 0...
April 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425096/influence-of-coral-cover-and-structural-complexity-on-the-accuracy-of-visual-surveys-of-coral-reef-fish-communities
#9
D J Coker, J P Nowicki, N A J Graham
Using manipulated patch reefs with combinations of varying live-coral cover (low, medium and high) and structural complexity (low and high), common community metrics (abundance, diversity, richness and community composition) collected through standard underwater visual census techniques were compared with exhaustive collections using a fish anaesthetic (clove oil). This study showed that reef condition did not influence underwater visual census estimates at a community level, but reef condition can influence the detectability of some small and cryptic species and this may be exacerbated if surveys are conducted on a larger scale...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424827/fluorescence-spectroscopy-for-the-monitoring-of-food-processes
#10
Muhammad Haseeb Ahmad, Amna Sahar, Bernd Hitzmann
Different analytical techniques have been used to examine the complexity of food samples. Among them, fluorescence spectroscopy cannot be ignored in developing rapid and non-invasive analytical methodologies. It is one of the most sensitive spectroscopic approaches employed in identification, classification, authentication, quantification, and optimization of different parameters during food handling, processing, and storage and uses different chemometric tools. Chemometrics helps to retrieve useful information from spectral data utilized in the characterization of food samples...
April 20, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423080/s-and-r-linalool-a-comparison-of-the-in-vitro-anti-aeromonas-hydrophila-activity-and-anesthetic-properties-in-fish
#11
Lenise L Silva, Luana S Balconi, Letícia T Gressler, Quelen I Garlet, Fernando J Sutili, Agueda P C Vargas, Bernardo Baldisserotto, Ademir F Morel, Berta M Heinzmann
Linalool is the main compound of many essential oils and occurs in two isomeric forms: S-(+)- and R-(-)-linalool. This study aimed to determine if linalool isomers have different antimicrobial and anesthetic properties in fish. For this purpose, these compounds were previously isolated from Lippia alba (Mill.)N. E. Brown and Ocimum americanum L. essential oils. Antimicrobial effects were evaluated through the microdilution test against Aeromonas hydrophila, an important fish disease etiologic agent. Induction time until sedation, anesthesia and recovery time were determined in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) through bath exposure (60, 180, 300 or 500 μL L-1)...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421787/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-pattern-cognitive-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-an-elderly-non-institutionalized-population
#12
Ana Hernández-Galiot, Isabel Goñi
INTRODUCTION: Scientific evidence indicates that adherence to the Mediterranean diet protects against the deterioration of cognitive status and depressive symptoms during aging. However, few studies have been conducted in elderly non-institutionalized subjects. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relation between the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and cognitive status and depressive symptoms in an elderly population over 75 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a Mediterranean city (Garrucha, Spain) in 79 elderly people over 75 (36 men and 41 women)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421424/erratum-to-replacement-of-marine-fish-oil-with-de-novo-omega-3-oils-from-transgenic-camelina-sativa-in-feeds-for-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata-l
#13
Mónica B Betancor, M Sprague, D Montero, S Usher, O Sayanova, P J Campbell, J A Napier, M J Caballero, M Izquierdo, D R Tocher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420234/raman-spectroscopy-of-fish-oil-capsules-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-quantitation-plus-detection-of-ethyl-esters-and-oxidation
#14
Daniel P Killeen, Susan N Marshall, Elaine J Burgess, Keith C Gordon, Nigel B Perry
Fish oils are the primary dietary source of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but these compounds are prone to oxidation, and commercial fish oil supplements sometimes contain less PUFA than claimed. These supplements are predominantly sold in softgel capsules. In this work, we show that Fourier transform (FT)-Raman spectra of fish oils (n = 5) and ω-3 PUFA concentrates (n = 6) can be acquired directly through intact softgel (gelatin) capsules. These spectra could be used to rapidly distinguish supplements containing ethyl esters from those containing triacylglyceride oils...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420095/parenteral-nutrition-and-lipids
#15
REVIEW
Maitreyi Raman, Abdulelah Almutairdi, Leanne Mulesa, Cathy Alberda, Colleen Beattie, Leah Gramlich
Lipids have multiple physiological roles that are biologically vital. Soybean oil lipid emulsions have been the mainstay of parenteral nutrition lipid formulations for decades in North America. Utilizing intravenous lipid emulsions in parenteral nutrition has minimized the dependence on dextrose as a major source of nonprotein calories and prevents the clinical consequences of essential fatty acid deficiency. Emerging literature has indicated that there are benefits to utilizing alternative lipids such as olive/soy-based formulations, and combination lipids such as soy/MCT/olive/fish oil, compared with soybean based lipids, as they have less inflammatory properties, are immune modulating, have higher antioxidant content, decrease risk of cholestasis, and improve clinical outcomes in certain subgroups of patients...
April 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419884/fish-oil-supplementation-for-primary-prevention-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Ali Vasheghani Farahani, Awat Yousefi Azar, Hamid Reza Goodarzynejad, Elnaz Khorrami, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Sima Oshnouei, Alireza Alizadeh Ghavidel, Elham Golfeshan, Fateme Ghourban Pour
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery is a common complication that may influence patients' early and long term outcomes and hospital costs. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil on occurrence of AF following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: This study was a single-center, randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Four-hundred and one patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly assigned to receive 2 g/d fish oil or placebo (olive oil) for at least 5 days before surgery...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410669/curcumin-and-linseed-oil-co-delivered-in-phospholipid-nanoemulsions-enhances-the-levels-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-in-serum-and-tissue-lipids-of-rats
#17
D Sugasini, B R Lokesh
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an important long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) primarily found in marine fishes. The diets of vegetarian population do not contain preformed DHA, but they can derive it from shorter chain α-linolenic acid (ALA) found in plant oils. However, the conversion efficiency of ALA to DHA is minimal in human adults. This may cause insufficiency of DHA in the vegetarian population. Curcumin, diferuloyl methane found in the spice turmeric, has the potential to increase the formation of DHA from ALA by activating the enzymes FADS2 and elongase 2...
April 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410668/lipid-correlates-of-antidepressant-response-to-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-a-pilot-study
#18
Licinia Ganança, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maria A Oquendo, Adrienne Hezghia, Thomas B Cooper, J John Mann, M Elizabeth Sublette
Low omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels are seen in major depression. We examined effects of six weeks of fish oil supplementation on clinical characteristics in 16 patients with symptomatic major depressive disorder, and tested plasma phospholipid levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) as correlates of clinical response. Depression symptoms improved after supplementation (p=0.007). The reduction in depression severity was not predicted by baseline PUFA levels but did exhibit a relationship with endpoint PUFAs, correlating negatively with DHA as a percentage of plasma phospholipids (DHA%; R(2)=0...
April 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408132/comparison-of-the-effects-of-major-fatty-acids-present-in-the-mediterranean-diet-oleic-acid-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-in-hydrogenated-oils-elaidic-acid-on-7-ketocholesterol-induced-oxiapoptophagy-in-microglial-bv-2-cells
#19
Meryam Debbabi, Amira Zarrouk, Maryem Bezine, Wiem Meddeb, Thomas Nury, Asmaa Badreddine, El Mostafa Karym, Randa Sghaier, Lionel Bretillon, Stéphane Guyot, Mohammad Samadi, Mustapha Cherkaoui-Malki, Boubker Nasser, Mondher Mejri, Sofien Ben-Hammou, Mohamed Hammami, Gérard Lizard
Increased levels of 7-ketocholesterol (7KC), which results mainly from cholesterol auto-oxidation, are often found in the plasma and/or cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neurodegenerative diseases and might contribute to activation of microglial cells involved in neurodegeneration. As major cellular dysfunctions are induced by 7KC, it is important to identify molecules able to impair its side effects. Since consumption of olive and argan oils, and fish is important in the Mediterranean diet, the aim of the study was to determine the ability of oleic acid (OA), a major compound of olive and argan oil, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) present in fatty fishes, such as sardines, to attenuate 7KC-induced cytotoxic effects...
April 10, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407968/novel-nanoliposomal-encapsulated-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-their-applications-in-food
#20
Babak Rasti, Arezoo Erfanian, Jinap Selamat
The aim of the present research was to evaluate the application, stability and suitability of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) incorporated nanoliposomes in food enrichment. Nanoliposomal ω3 PUFAs was prepared by Mozafari method, and their application in bread and milk was compared with unencapsulated (fish oil) and microencapsulated ω3 PUFAs. Sensory evaluation was conducted to determine the perceptible sensory difference/similarity between control, unencapsulated, microencapsulated, and nanoliposomal ω3 PUFAs enriched foods...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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