keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fish oils

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913872/treatment-for-6%C3%A2-months-with-fish-oil-derived-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-has-neutral-effects-on-glycemic-control-but-improves-dyslipidemia-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-abdominal-obesity-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Feng Wang, Yanyan Wang, Yan Zhu, Xiaosong Liu, Hui Xia, Xian Yang, Guiju Sun
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of fish oil-derived n-3 PUFA on glycemic control and lipid profiles in type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 100 type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity were randomized into two groups including 4 g/day of fish oil (2.4 g n-3 PUFA) or placebo (corn oil) for 6 months. Serum fatty acid, body composition, as well as markers of glucose regulation and lipid parameters were measured before and after intervention...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913276/association-of-genetic-polymorphisms-of-angiopoietin-like-4-with-severity-of-posttransplant-proteinuria-in-kidney-allograft-recipients
#2
Youngil Chang, Tariq Shah, Jaewook Yang, David I Min
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is a hallmark of glomerular injury, and persistent proteinuria is associated with graft failure in kidney transplant patients. Recently, it is known that the level of circulating angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is elevated in the patients with human nephrotic syndrome, in which ANGPTL4 is responsible for relieving proteinuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine effects of clinical factors and genetic polymorphism of ANGPTL4 on proteinuria after kidney transplantation...
November 29, 2016: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913275/dietary-fish-oil-replacement-by-linseed-oil-effect-on-growth-nutrient-utilization-tissue-fatty-acid-composition-and-desaturase-gene-expression-in-silver-barb-puntius-gonionotus-fingerlings
#3
Madhusmita Nayak, Ashis Saha, Avinash Pradhan, Mrinal Samanta, Shiba Shankar Giri
Silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) is considered a promising medium carp species for freshwater aquaculture in Asia. This study in silver barb was carried out to evaluate the effects of total or partial substitution of dietary fish oil (FO) with linseed oil (LO) on growth, nutrient utilization, whole-body composition, muscle and liver fatty acid composition. Fish (12.1±0.4g of initial body weight) were fed for 60days with five experimental iso-proteinous, iso-lipidic and iso-caloric diets in which FO (control diet) was replaced by 33...
November 29, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912119/tuning-of-shell-thickness-of-solid-lipid-particles-impacts-the-chemical-stability-of-encapsulated-%C3%AF-3-fish-oil
#4
Hanna Salminen, Thrandur Helgason, Bjarki Kristinsson, Kristberg Kristbergsson, Jochen Weiss
HYPOTHESIS: This study demonstrates that tuning the shell thickness of lipid particles can modulate their oxidative stability. We hypothesized that a thick crystallized shell around the incorporated fish oil would improve the oxidative stability due to the reduced diffusion of prooxidants and oxygen. EXPERIMENTS: We prepared solid lipid nanoparticles (5%w/w lipid phase, 1.5%w/w surfactant, pH 7) by using different ratios of tristearin as carrier lipid and ω-3 fish oil as incorporated liquid lipid stabilized by high- or low-melting lecithin...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904853/effects-of-postoperative-parenteral-nutrition-with-different-lipid-emulsions-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#5
Seher Demirer, Ali Sapmaz, Ahmet Serdar Karaca, Ilknur Kepenekci, Semih Aydintug, Deniz Balci, Pinar Sonyurek, Kenan Kose
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the effects of total parenteral nutrition (PN) using different lipid emulsions in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized to receive soybean oil + medium chain triglycerides (MCT) (group I), soybean oil + olive oil (group II), soybean oil + olive oil + fish oil (group III) as a lipid source. PN was started on postoperative day 1 and patients were maintained on PN for a minimum period of 4 days...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903410/long-chain-n-3-pufa-supplied-by-the-usual-diet-decrease-plasma-stearoyl-coa-desaturase-index-in-non-hypertriglyceridemic-older-adults-at-high-vascular-risk
#6
Ana M Pérez-Heras, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Montserrat Cofán, Mercè Serra-Mir, Ana I Castellote, Carmen López-Sabater, Montserrat Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel-Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The activity of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1), the central enzyme in the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), has been associated with de novo lipogenesis. In experimental models SCD1 is down-regulated by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but clinical studies are scarce. The effect of long-chain n-3 PUFA (LCn-3PUFA) supplied by the regular diet, in the absence of fatty fish or fish oil supplementation, remains to be explored. METHODS: We related 1-y changes in plasma SCD1 index, as assessed by the C16:1n-7/C16:0 ratio, to both adiposity traits and nutrient intake changes in a sub-cohort (n = 243) of non-hypertriglyceridemic subjects of the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterranea) trial...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902774/intravenous-treatment-with-a-long-chain-omega-3-lipid-emulsion-provides-neuroprotection-in-a-murine-model-of-ischemic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#7
Dirk Berressem, Konrad Koch, Nicole Franke, Jochen Klein, Gunter P Eckert
Single long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) are known for their neuroprotective properties associated with ischemic stroke. This pilot study aimed to test the effectiveness of an acute treatment with a long-chain omega-3 lipid emulsion (Omegaven 10%®, OGV) that contains fish oil (DHA 18 mg/ml; EPA 21 mg/ml) and α-tocopherol (0.2 mg/ml) in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of ischemic stroke in mice. For this purpose, female CD-1 mice were anesthetized and subjected to 90 minutes of MCAO...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902162/fish-oil-and-exercise-improves-older-women-s-muscle-function
#8
(no author information available yet)
Combining omega-3 supplements with a resistance exercise training programme can improve muscle function in older women, say researchers from the universities of Glasgow and Aberdeen.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899294/impact-of-food-choice-on-sodium-intake-patterns-from-multiple-nhanes-surveys
#9
Zefeng Dong, Zhifeng Gao, Brandon McFadden
To examine how the food consumption from various food groups would impact American adults' sodium intake and whether this impact structurally changes over time, data were obtained from six-cycle National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010. Foods were categorized by the first two digits of the USDA food code. Regression models were employed to investigate the associations between the consumption of each food group and sodium intake, and whether there were changes in the associations in consecutive six cycles...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898961/effects-of-feeding-regimen-on-weight-gain-semen-characteristics-libido-and-lameness-in-170-to-250-kilogram-duroc-boars
#10
C Wang, J L Li, H K Wei, Y F Zhou, J J Tan, H Q Sun, S W Jiang, J Peng
A 2-period field trial was conducted to determine the effects of feeding regimen on weight gain, semen characteristics, libido, and lameness in 170- to 200-kg (period 1) and 200- to 250-kg (period 2) boars. Sixty-one Duroc boars were allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments and 15 g/d fish oil was also provided for each experimental boar, to maintain the n-6:n-3 intake ratio at approximately 6.1:1. The energy intakes of the 3 treatment groups were controlled by basing the feed intake on a corn-soybean meal-based diet (3...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898676/dietary-butyrate-helps-to-restore-the-intestinal-status-of-a-marine-teleost-sparus-aurata-fed-extreme-diets-low-in-fish-meal-and-fish-oil
#11
Itziar Estensoro, Gabriel Ballester-Lozano, Laura Benedito-Palos, Fabian Grammes, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Liv-Torunn Mydland, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Juan Fuentes, Vasileios Karalazos, Álvaro Ortiz, Margareth Øverland, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
There is a constant need to find feed additives that improve health and nutrition of farmed fish and lessen the intestinal inflammation induced by plant-based ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding an organic acid salt to alleviate some of the detrimental effects of extreme plant-ingredient substitution of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in gilthead sea bream diet. Three experiments were conducted. In a first trial (T1), the best dose (0.4%) of sodium butyrate (BP-70 ®NOREL) was chosen after a short (9-weeks) feeding period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895108/the-effect-of-dietary-fish-oil-on-weight-gain-and-insulin-sensitivity-is-dependent-on-apoe-genotype-in-humanized-targeted-replacement-mice
#12
Kenna E Slim, David Vauzour, Noemi Tejera, Peter J Voshol, Aedin Cassidy, Anne Marie Minihane
We investigated the independent and interactive impact of the common APOE genotype and marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the development of obesity and associated cardiometabolic dysfunction in a murine model. Human APOE3 and APOE4 targeted replacement mice were fed either a high-fat control diet (HFD) or a HFD supplemented with 3% n-3 PUFA from fish oil (HFD + FO) for 8 wk. We established the impact of intervention on food intake, bodyweight, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) mass; plasma, lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides), liver enzymes, and adipokines; glucose and insulin during an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test; and Glut4 and ApoE expression in VAT...
November 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894769/identification-of-molecular-species-of-monoalkyldiacylglycerol-from-the-squid-berryteuthis-magister-using-liquid-chromatography-apci-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#13
Viacheslav G Rybin, Andrey B Imbs, Darja A Demidkova, Ekaterina V Ermolenko
Monoalkyldiacylglycerol (MADAG) is an important lipid class in mollusks, corals, starfishes, and some species of zooplankton. Up to 80% of liver oils of squids and sharks are comprised of MADAG. Except for one fish species, there are no data on the composition of MADAG molecular species of marine organisms. The molecular species of MADAG obtained from digestive glands of the deep-sea squid Berryteuthis magister were identified. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) were applied...
November 25, 2016: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891699/effects-of-oils-on-feed-mildew-and-quality
#15
Jie Liu, Ming Qi, Yakuan Huang, Jiao Guo, Jiacai Zhang, Chong Li, Niya Zhang, Lvhui Sun, Desheng Qi
This study was performed to determine the effects of oils on feed mildew and feed quality. Under different moisture content conditions (10%, 13% and 16%), the basal feeds were supplemented with 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% soybean oil. In addition, at different moisture content levels (10%, 13% and 16%), the basal feed was supplemented with 12% of various types of oil (soybean, peanut, corn and fish). Subsequently, a mixed mold spore suspension was added. The feed samples were incubated at 28°C, and the total mold, water activity (Aw), moisture, acid value, crude protein (CP), crude lipid (CL), crude ash (CA) and nitrogen-free extract (NFE) levels were determined at 15, 30, 45 and 60 days...
November 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888064/molecular-cloning-and-nutrient-regulation-analysis-of-long-chain-acyl-coa-synthetase-1-gene-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-l
#16
Han-Liang Cheng, Shuai Chen, Jian-He Xu, Le-Fei Yi, Yong-Xing Peng, Qian Pan, Xin Shen, Zhi-Guo Dong, Xia-Qing Zhang, Wen-Xiang Wang
Long chain acyl-CoA synthetase 1 (ACSL1), a key regulatory enzyme of fatty acid metabolism, catalyzes the conversion of long-chain fatty acids to acyl-coenzyme A. The full-length cDNAs of ACSL1a and ACSL1b were cloned from the liver of a grass carp. Both cDNAs contained a 2094bp open reading frame encoding 697 amino acids. Amino acid sequence alignment showed that ACSL1a shared 73.5% sequence identity with ACSL1b. Each of the two ACSL1s proteins had a transmembrane domain, a P-loop domain, and L-, A-, and G-motifs, which were relatively conserved in comparison to other vertebrates...
November 23, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887733/determining-oxidative-stress-and-erod-activity-in-dab-limanda-limanda-in-the-north-and-baltic-seas
#17
Sturve Joachim, Hultman T Maria, Wassmur Britt, Carney Almroth Bethanie
The North and Baltic Seas are heavily trafficked marine areas with extensive anthropogenic activities, including cargo and fishing vessels, waste dumping, oil platforms, industrial activities and contamination from coastal runoff. In order to evaluate the environmental health of these regions, we used the demersal fish dab (Limanda limanda) as a sentinel species. The current study used well-established biomarkers for PAH exposure and oxidative stress, measuring EROD activity, the acute antioxidant response as well as oxidation of proteins detected as protein carbonyl levels...
November 1, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886145/role-of-endogenous-and-exogenous-tocopherols-in-the-lipid-stability-of-marine-oil-systems-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Guadalupe Miroslava Suárez-Jiménez, Carmen María López-Saiz, Hugo Enrique Ramírez-Guerra, Josafat Marina Ezquerra-Brauer, Saul Ruiz-Cruz, Wilfrido Torres-Arreola
In marine organisms primarily intended for human consumption, the quality of the muscle and the extracted oils may be affected by lipid oxidation during storage, even at low temperatures. This has led to a search for alternatives to maintain quality. In this sense, antioxidant compounds have been used to prevent such lipid deterioration. Among the most used compounds are tocopherols, which, due to their natural origin, have become an excellent alternative to prevent or retard lipid oxidation and maintain the quality of marine products...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880058/fish-oil-derived-dha-mediated-enhancement-of-apoptosis-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cells-is-associated-with-accumulation-of-p53-downregulation-of-survivin-and-caspase-3-activation
#19
Mohammad Reza Sam, Mohammad Esmaeillou, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar
In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), resistance to chemotherapy is associated with inactivation of p53 and upregulation of survivin. Thus, targeting the p53 and survivin expression may provide an attractive strategy for ALL treatment. It has been shown that fish-oil-derived docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) activates several antitumorigenic mechanisms in tumor cells, but little is known regarding the role of DHA on modulating p53 and survivin expression in ALL cells. In this study, we investigated the alterations of the p53 and survivin expression and induction of apoptosis in DHA-treated Molt-4 cells that serve as a model for ALL cells...
November 23, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876051/dietary-marine-derived-long-chain-monounsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-mini-review
#20
REVIEW
Zhi-Hong Yang, Beatrice Emma-Okon, Alan T Remaley
Regular fish/fish oil consumption is widely recommended for protection against cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Fish and other marine life are rich sources of the cardioprotective long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 n-3; EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 n-3; DHA). The lipid content and fatty acid profile of fish, however, vary greatly among different fish species. In addition to n-3 PUFA, certain fish, such as saury, pollock, and herring, also contain high levels of long-chain monounsaturated fatty acids (LCMUFA), with aliphatic tails longer than 18 C atoms (i...
November 22, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
keyword
keyword
4568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"