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Childhood sexual abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816175/-medical-evaluation-for-suspected-sexual-violence-against-girls
#1
Margret Edda Ornolfsdottir, Ebba Margret Magnusdottir, Jon R Kristinsson, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: Sexual violence against children is a hidden problem. Medical examination and evaluation is needed to search for possible injuries, exclude infections, procure legal evidence and ensure the child´s welfare. We assessed medical evaluations done at Landspitali University Hospital and in the Reykjavik Children's House, a specialized clinic for childhood abuse cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis was performed on the standardized medical examinations...
July 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809769/adverse-experiences-in-childhood-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#2
Stephanie London, Kelly Quinn, Joy D Scheidell, B Christopher Frueh, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors later in life. We aimed to evaluate associations between a broad range of childhood traumas and sexual risk behaviors from adolescence into adulthood. METHODS: Using data from Waves I, III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we used logistic regression to estimate the unadjusted odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR (AOR) for associations between 9 childhood traumas and a cumulative trauma score and three sexual risk outcomes (multiple partnerships, sex trade involvement, and sexually transmitted infection [STI]) in adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809134/cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-investigation-of-triggers-and-reactions-to-cumulative-trauma
#3
Julie B Schnur, Matthew J Dillon, Rachel E Goldsmith, Guy H Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Some 25% of women and 8% of men in the United States have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) before the age of 18. For these individuals, healthcare visits and interactions can be retraumatizing due to perceived similarities to past abuse (e.g., pain, undressing, lack of control). However, no prior studies have provided formal qualitative analyses regarding CSA survivors' reactions to cancer treatment. Therefore, our study's objective was to identify key themes pertaining to CSA survivors' cancer treatment experiences...
August 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807480/opportunities-and-challenges-in-screening-for-childhood-sexual-abuse
#4
Deepa L Sekhar, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Heather L Stuckey, Pamela D Witt, Erica B Francis, Ginger A Moore, Paul L Morgan, Jennie G Noll
Retrospective studies suggest 1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience sexual abuse before 18 years of age, resulting in future morbidity. Successful interventions exist, however, victims are reluctant to disclose. Screening for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may provide an opportunity to overcome this barrier, yet no current model for universal CSA screening exists. We sought to understand the perspective of key stakeholders on CSA screening through qualitative research. Eight focus groups of 7-10 participants each (n=62) were conducted from April-September 2016...
August 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799846/interpersonal-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-between-cumulative-childhood-traumatic-events-and-adult-sexual-disturbance
#6
Sandy Krammer, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Andrea Burri, Michael Soyka, Alex Gamma, Michael Liebrenz
Previous research has shown that cumulative childhood traumatic events are stronger predictors of sexual disturbances than childhood sexual abuse. Additional factors are likely to influence this relationship. Whereas socio-interpersonal factors such as interpersonal sensitivity have repeatedly been shown to be salutogenic in the aftermath of traumatic events, the specific underlying mechanisms are little understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between cumulative childhood traumatic events and adult sexual disturbances (i...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796940/telephone-based-depression-care-management-for-postpartum-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Katherine L Wisner, Dorothy K Y Sit, Mary McShea, James F Luther, Heather F Eng, John L Dills, Eydie L Moses-Kolko, Stephen R Wisniewski
OBJECTIVE: With a period prevalence of 21.9% in the year after birth, depression is a common complication of childbearing. We assessed the impact of telephone-delivered depression care management (DCM) on symptom levels, health service utilization, and functional status 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum. METHODS: The randomized controlled trial was conducted at the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from March 2006 through September 2010. Women (N = 628) who screened positive for depression (a score of 10 or greater on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) 4 to 6 weeks postpartum were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Patient Edition With Psychotic Screen and enrolled in a randomized trial of DCM compared to enhanced usual care (EUC)...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#8
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777981/childhood-trauma-dimensions-of-psychopathology-and-the-clinical-expression-of-bipolar-disorders-a-pathway-analysis
#9
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Henry, V Aubin, J M Azorin, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, P Courtet, S Gard, J P Kahn, C Passerieux, M Leboyer
BACKGROUND: This study aims at testing for paths from childhood abuse to clinical indicators of complexity in bipolar disorder (BD), through dimensions of affective dysregulation, impulsivity and hostility. METHOD: 485 euthymic patients with BD from the FACE-BD cohort were included from 2009 to 2014. We collect clinical indicators of complexity/severity: age and polarity at onset, suicide attempt, rapid cycling and substance misuse. Patients completed questionnaires to assess childhood emotional, sexual and physical abuses, affective lability, affect intensity, impulsivity, motor and attitudinal hostility...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#10
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774479/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cancer
#11
Héctor E Alcalá, A Janet Tomiyama, Ondine S von Ehrenstein
OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to a variety of diseases in adulthood, including cancer. However, current research has yet to determine if all abuse types are associated with cancer and if women are more adversely impacted by ACEs than men. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a national survey of American adults 18 and older (N = 111,964) were analyzed. Logistic regression models were fit to estimate odds of ever being diagnosed with cancer after experiencing one or more of eight different ACEs, while adjusting for potential confounders...
July 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758771/childhood-trauma-and-distress-tolerance-in-a-trauma-exposed-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#12
Erin C Berenz, Anka A Vujanovic, Lance Rappaport, Salpi Kevorkian, R Emily Gonzalez, Nadia Chowdhury, Christina D Dutcher, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: Distress tolerance (DT; the perceived or actual ability to withstand negative internal states) has emerged as a promising transdiagnostic risk factor in clinically severe populations. However, little is known about etiological factors associated with the development of DT. We hypothesized that greater levels of childhood trauma would be associated with lower perceived and behavioral DT, beyond theoretically relevant covariates. METHOD: The current investigation evaluated several childhood trauma types (i...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758672/stress-sensitivity-as-a-putative-mechanism-linking-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-in-youth-s-daily-life
#13
C Rauschenberg, J van Os, D Cremers, M Goedhart, J N M Schieveld, U Reininghaus
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with a range of psychopathologies, including psychosis. However, evidence on underlying mechanisms remains limited. The study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life. METHOD: The experience sampling method (ESM) was used to measure momentary stress, negative affect and psychotic experiences in 99 adolescents and young adults (43 help-seeking service users, 16 siblings and 40 controls)...
July 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755869/maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-and-risk-of-stillbirth
#14
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755602/the-mediator-effect-of-personality-traits-on-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-depressive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#15
Ryo Okubo, Takeshi Inoue, Naoki Hashimoto, Akio Suzukawa, Hajime Tanabe, Matsuhiko Oka, Hisashi Narita, Koki Ito, Yuki Kako, Ichiro Kusumi
Previous studies indicated that personality traits have a mediator effect on the relationship between childhood abuse and depressive symptoms in major depressive disorder and nonclinical general adult subjects. In the present study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that personality traits mediate the relationship between childhood abuse and depressive symptoms in schizophrenia. We used the following questionnaires to evaluate 255 outpatients with schizophrenia: the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale, temperament and character inventory, and Patients Health Questionnire-9...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750823/major-depressive-disorder-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours-and-cannabis-involvement-in-discordant-twins-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Arpana Agrawal, Elliot C Nelson, Kathleen K Bucholz, Rebecca Tillman, Richard A Grucza, Dixie J Statham, Pamela Af Madden, Nicholas G Martin, Andrew C Heath, Michael T Lynskey
BACKGROUND: Early and frequent cannabis use are associated with an increased likelihood of major depressive disorder (MDD) as well as suicidal thoughts and behaviours. We identify associations between aspects of cannabis use, MDD, and suicidal thoughts and behaviours and examine whether such associations persist after accounting for those predisposing factors, including genetic liability and early family environment, that are shared by identical twins who are discordant for cannabis exposure...
July 24, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747115/where-pseudo-hallucinations-meet-dissociation-a-cluster-analysis
#17
Deborah Wearne, Guy J Curtis, Amanda Genetti, Mathew Samuel, Justin Sebastian
OBJECTIVES: The possible link between cognitive areas of perception and integration of consciousness was examined using assessments of hallucinations and derealisation/depersonalization. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects in three main diagnostic groups - posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia - identified by their treating psychiatrist as hearing voices were surveyed regarding characteristics of hallucinations, derealisation/depersonalization, delusions and childhood/adult trauma...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746343/an-analysis-of-retrospective-and-repeat-prospective-reports-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-from-the-south-african-birth-to-twenty-plus-cohort
#18
Sara N Naicker, Shane A Norris, Musawenkosi Mabaso, Linda M Richter
Most studies rely on cross-sectional retrospective reports from adult samples to collect information about adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to examine relationships with adult outcomes. The problems associated with these reports have long been debated, with only a few studies determining their reliability and validity and fewer still reaching consensus on the matter. This paper uses repeat prospective and retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences from two respondent sources in the South African Birth to Twenty Plus (Bt20+) cohort to explore agreement and concordance in the prospective reporting of ACEs by caregivers and respective children as adolescents and then as young adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746167/factors-associated-with-prevalent-hiv-infection-among-kenyan-msm-the-anza-mapema-study
#19
Colin P Kunzweiler, Robert C Bailey, Duncan O Okall, Susan M Graham, Supriya D Mehta, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: In order to inform future HIV treatment and care programs for men who have sex with men (MSM), we assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with previously diagnosed out-of-care (PDOC) or newly diagnosed out-of-care (NDOC) HIV infection among MSM enrolled in the prospective Anza Mapema cohort study. METHODS: Participants were aged >18, reported oral or anal sex with a man in the past 6 months, and were not already in HIV care or taking antiretroviral therapy in the past 3 months...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#20
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
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