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Childhood sexual abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717512/trauma-related-emotions-and-radical-acceptance-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#1
Nora Görg, Kathlen Priebe, Jan R Böhnke, Regina Steil, Anne S Dyer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is often associated with a wide range of trauma-related aversive emotions such as fear, disgust, sadness, shame, guilt, and anger. Intense experience of aversive emotions in particular has been linked to higher psychopathology in trauma survivors. Most established psychosocial treatments aim to reduce avoidance of trauma-related memories and associated emotions. Interventions based on Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) also foster radical acceptance of the traumatic event...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712124/sexual-violence-associated-with-poor-mental-health-in-women-attending-australian-general-practices
#2
Laura Tarzia, Sarah Maxwell, Jodie Valpied, Kitty Novy, Rebecca Quake, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: Sexual violence (SV) against adult women is prevalent and associated with a range of mental health issues. General practitioners could potentially have a role in responding, however, there is little information to help guide them. Data around prevalence of all forms of adult SV (not just rape) is inconsistent, particularly in clinical samples, and the links between other forms of SV and mental health issues are not well supported. This study aimed to address these gaps in the knowledge base...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#3
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702852/pilot-test-of-an-integrated-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-for-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#4
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Marguerite A Urban, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Michael P Carey
HIV and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are intersecting public health problems for women. We pilot tested an integrated sexual risk reduction intervention for women with a history of CSA that addressed both the consequences of CSA [based on the Traumagenic Dynamics (TD) framework] and the antecedents of sexual risk behavior (based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills [IMB] model). Women with a history of CSA who were attending a public STI clinic (n = 84) were randomly assigned to a five-session integrated TD/IMB (experimental) group intervention or to a time-matched IMB-guided sexual risk reduction (control) group intervention...
July 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700808/the-moderating-effect-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-relations-among-ptsd-symptoms-positive-urgency-and-negative-urgency
#5
Matthew Price, Julie P Connor, Holley C Allen
Childhood maltreatment increases the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). One pathway by which this occurs is through impaired emotion regulation. Past research has shown that negative urgency, a deficit in the regulation of negative emotions, is strongly related to PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. However, there is minimal research on the relation between positive urgency and PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. The current study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment, positive urgency, negative urgency, and PTSD symptoms among those with SUD...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697624/evaluating-a-novel-intervention-to-reduce-trauma-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-taking-qualitative-exit-interviews-with-sexual-minority-men-with-childhood-sexual-abuse
#6
S Wade Taylor, Brett M Goshe, Samantha M Marquez, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) continues to affect sexual minority men (SMM) at disproportionate levels and contributes to multiple negative health outcomes, including sexual-risk taking and HIV acquisition. This paper presents qualitative evaluative feedback from SMM (N = 9) who participated in a 10-session Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Trauma and Sexual Health (CBT-TSH) intervention to reduce CSA-related posttraumatic stress reaction and distress. The treatment was designed to increase accurate sexual risk appraisals and to improve self-care health behaviors related to HIV/STI acquisition...
July 12, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695488/brain-structure-abnormalities-in-young-women-who-presented-conduct-disorder-in-childhood-adolescence
#7
Meenal Budhiraja, Ivanka Savic, Philip Lindner, Jussi Jokinen, Jari Tiihonen, Sheilagh Hodgins
The phenotype and genotype of antisocial behavior among females are different from those among males. Previous studies have documented structural brain alterations in males with antisocial behavior, yet little is known about the neural correlates of female antisocial behavior. The present study examined young women who had presented conduct disorder (CDW) prior to age 15 to determine whether brain abnormalities are present in adulthood and whether the observed abnormalities are associated with comorbid disorders or maltreatment that typically characterize this population...
July 10, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692832/prevalence-of-child-abuse-in-school-environment-in-kerala-india-an-icast-ci-based-survey
#8
Manoj Therayil Kumar, Sebind Kumar, Surendra P Singh, Nilamadhab Kar
Very few studies focus on childhood abuse in developing countries and only a small fraction of such studies explicitly deal with abuse in a school environment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse in a school environment in a developing country. Abuse history was collected using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool - Children's Institutional Version (ICAST-CI). Demographic variables were also collected...
July 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689756/sensorimotor-gating-characteristics-of-violent-men-with-comorbid-psychosis-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-relationship-with-antisocial-traits-and-psychosocial-deprivation
#9
Ottilie Sedgwick, Susan Young, Ben Greer, Jack Arnold, Aisling Parsons, Ignazio Puzzo, Mariafatima Terracciano, Mrigendra Das, Veena Kumari
Evidence suggests violence amongst those with psychosis is not aetiologically homogeneous, and that a large proportion of those who engage in violent behaviour have a comorbid antisocial personality disorder. Initial investigations indicate that this subgroup has distinct historical and neuropsychological characteristics, which may indicate diverse treatment needs. This study investigated sensorimotor gating characteristics of violent men with diagnoses of both psychosis and dissocial personality disorder (DPD) (n=21) relative to violent men with psychosis alone (n=12), DPD alone (n=14) and healthy, non-violent male controls (n=27), using the prepulse inhibition (PPI) paradigm...
July 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#10
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683433/childhood-trauma-and-suicide-attempt-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies-from-the-last-decade
#11
REVIEW
Cleonice Zatti, Virgínia Rosa, Alcina Barros, Lucianne Valdivia, Vitor Crestani Calegaro, Lúcia Helena Freitas, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Neusa Sica da Rocha, Andre Goettems Bastos, Felipe Barreto Schuch
Childhood trauma (CT) is a modifiable risk factor for lifetime suicide attempts (SA). However, the extent to which each type of CT increases SA risk is unclear. This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies published in the last 10 years about the relationship between CT and lifetime SA risk. The PUBMED, PsycINFO, ISI, and EMBASE databases were searched for cohort studies that reported AS during follow-up and included an assessment of CT. A meta-analysis was conducted to identify potential effects of each type of CT on SA...
June 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682107/eating-disorder-symptoms-in-female-veterans-the-role-of-childhood-adult-and-military-trauma-exposure
#12
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are understudied among female U.S. military veterans, who may be at increased risk due to their high rates of trauma exposure and trauma-related sequelae. The current study sought to examine whether different types of trauma in childhood and adulthood confer differential risk for eating disorder symptoms (EDSs) in this population. METHOD: We analyzed survey data from a sample of female Veterans Health Administration patients (N = 186) to examine the association between 5 trauma types (i...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682105/emotion-regulation-is-associated-with-ptsd-and-depression-among-female-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#13
Cindy Chang, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Carmen P McLean, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: Sexual abuse experienced in childhood and adolescence is associated with severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive symptoms, and emotion regulation difficulties. The current study examined the relationships among these factors in a sample of adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD. It was hypothesized that (a) self-perceived emotion regulation difficulties would predict severity of PTSD and depressive symptoms, and that (b) depressive symptoms would mediate the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and PTSD...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668759/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-reported-to-child-welfare-results-from-the-national-survey-of-child-adolescent-wellbeing
#14
Antonio R Garcia, Meera Gupta, Johanna K P Greeson, Allison Thompson, Christina DeNard
The negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) outcomes are well documented. However, no research to date has examined the effect of ACEs on SEB outcomes in youth who received mental health services after reporting to the child welfare system. This study's analyses of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II revealed that the most prevalent ACEs included hospitalization for a medical condition, neglect, and exposures to domestic and community violence...
June 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667832/effect-of-previous-posttraumatic-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#15
Pamela A Geller, Emily C Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature on the effect of traumatic experiences that pre-date conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period (perinatal period) and present a thematic overview of current issues in this relatively new area of inquiry. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PubMed were searched. Manual searches of bibliographies supplemented the electronic search. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed articles written in English on the role of posttraumatic stress disorder during the perinatal period were included...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657500/-a-very-steep-climb-therapists-perspectives-on-barriers-to-disclosure-of-child-sexual-abuse-experiences-for-men
#16
Elizabeth Gruenfeld, Danny G Willis, Scott D Easton
Recent studies indicate that men experience unique barriers to disclosure of child sexual abuse. Blind spots held by mental health providers and social service agencies may inadvertently help produce and sustain these barriers. However, therapists who specialize in treating this population may also hold important insights into the barriers clients face. Because delayed and nondisclosure of child sexual abuse have been associated with negative mental health outcomes for adult survivors, understanding these barriers is critical to improve clinical practice and facilitate help-seeking...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657475/predicting-time-spent-in-treatment-in-a-sample-of-danish-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse
#17
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
The aim of this study was to identify significant predictors of length of time spent in treatment. In a convenience sample of 439 Danish survivors of child sexual abuse, predictors of time spent in treatment were examined. Assessments were conducted on a 6-month basis over a period of 18 months. A multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that the experience of neglect in childhood and having experienced rape at any life stage were associated with less time in treatment. Higher educational attainment and being male were associated with staying in treatment for longer periods of time...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650748/childhood-abuse-and-adult-onset-asthma-among-peruvian-women
#18
Dipti Banerjee, Bizu Gelaye, Qiu-Yue Zhong, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
Objective Childhood abuse has been found to be associated with adult-onset asthma; however, this association has not been studied in low and middle income countries with a high burden of gender-based violence, including childhood abuse. We examined the odds of asthma diagnosed at age 18 or older in relation to history of physical and sexual abuse among Peruvian pregnant women. Methods This cross-sectional study collected demographic characteristics, history of abuse and asthma diagnoses from 3081 pregnant women...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645136/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-the-association-with-marijuana-and-cocaine-use-in-adolescence-through-adulthood
#19
Joy D Scheidell, Kelly Quinn, Susan P McGorray, B Christopher Frueh, Nisha N Beharie, Linda B Cottler, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Examination of longitudinal relationships between childhood traumatic experiences and drug use across the life-course at the national level, with control of confounding by other forms of trauma, is needed. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of nine typologies of childhood traumas and the cumulative number experienced, correlation between traumas, and associations between individual and cumulative number of traumas with drug use during adolescence, emerging adulthood, and adulthood...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641148/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-new-zealand-birth-cohort
#20
Daniel D L Coppersmith, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Annette L Beautrais
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are related, but distinct behaviors. The primary aim of the current study was to identify factors that distinguish those with different lifetime histories of self-injury. A secondary aim was to test whether lifetime history of self-injury at age 26 predicted current suicide ideation at age 32. METHODS: Participants were 26 year olds from a large birth cohort with a lifetime history of no self-injury (n = 466), a lifetime history of NSSI (n = 191), or a lifetime history of NSSI and a suicide attempt (NSSI+SA; n = 52)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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