keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood sexual abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340508/dyspareunia-in-a-survivor-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#1
Jenna A LoGiudice
Dyspareunia is a frequent chief concern encountered by midwives and other women's health care providers. There are many possible etiologies for dyspareunia, including a history of childhood sexual abuse, and approaching assessment in a holistic manner is necessary to identify the etiology. This case report presents evidence on the importance of screening a woman who presents with dyspareunia in a therapeutic manner to facilitate disclosure of sexual abuse. Best practices for screening for sexual violence, along with recommendations for providing gynecologic care to survivors, are offered...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339840/the-effects-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-relationship-between-victimization-experiences-and-smoking-status-among-us-women
#2
Alicia K Matthews, Young Ik Cho, Tonda L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Frances Aranda, Timothy Johnson
Introduction: This study examined the relationships between experiences of childhood and adulthood victimization and current smoking among heterosexual and sexual minority women (SMW). The main hypothesis was that victimization experiences would predict current smoking status. Further, we hypothesized that the effect of childhood victimization on self-reported smoker status would be mediated by adult victimization. Methods: Data are from two studies conducted in the United States that used similar methods and questionnaires in order to conduct a comparative analysis of women based on sexual orientation...
March 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335876/child-abuse-neural-structure-and-adolescent-psychopathology-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Daniel S Busso, Katie A McLaughlin, Stephanie Brueck, Matthew Peverill, Andrea L Gold, Margaret A Sheridan
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse exerts a deleterious impact on a broad array of mental health outcomes. However, the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate this association remain poorly characterized. Here, we use a longitudinal design to prospectively identify neural mediators of the association between child abuse and psychiatric disorders in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and assessments of mental health were acquired for 51 adolescents (aged 13-20; M=16...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#4
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327414/posttraumatic-symptom-profiles-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, Jens Christoffer Skogen, John H Krystal, Anne Marita Milde, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Janne Grønli, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, our aim was to examine longitudinal posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories in a Norwegian sample of adults who had experienced sexual abuse during childhood, and to identify predictors of PTSS-trajectory belongingness. The sample consisted of 138 adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (96.4% women, mean age=42.9years, mean age at the first abuse=5.9 years), recruited from support centers for sexual abuse survivors. The majority (78.3%) reported penetrative abuse, and a large proportion of the sample reported that the perpetrator was a biological parent (38...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#6
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321794/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-health-and-wellness-outcomes-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
K A Ports, R D Lee, J Raiford, P Spikes, C Manago, D P Wheeler
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are a population at the intersection of two minority statuses-racial minority and sexual minority. Membership in either group, compared to white or heterosexual group membership, may increase one's risk of negative childhood and adult experiences. Baseline data from an HIV intervention efficacy trial (the Black Men Evolving Study) were used to explore the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among 536 BMSM and associations between ACEs and adult mental and physical health outcomes...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319694/sexual-trauma-is-more-strongly-associated-with-tonic-immobility-than-other-types-of-trauma-a-population-based-study
#8
Juliana Kalaf, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Liliane Maria Pereira Vilete, Mariana Pires Luz, William Berger, Mauro Mendlowicz, Eliane Volchan, Sergio Baxter Andreoli, Maria Inês Quintana, Jair de Jesus Mari, Ivan Figueira
BACKGROUND: Tonic immobility is an involuntary motor and vocal inhibition reaction, considered the last-ditch response of the defensive cascade model. It is elicited in context of inescapable threat and perception of entrapment. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic events and peritraumatic tonic immobility (PTI) in a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of general population from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo with 3231 victims of traumatic events aged 15-75 years who completed the Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#9
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302306/further-victimization-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-latent-class-typology-of-re-victimization-trajectories
#10
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen, Emily Mann
The association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and risk for re-victimization is well-documented; however, less is known about the temporal progression of re-victimization experiences over the early life-course among CSA survivors, and whether this differs from that of those without known sexual abuse histories. This study investigated whether there are distinct temporal pathways of interpersonal re-victimization between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed CSA cases, and considered whether abuse variables, re-victimization variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in re-victimization pathways...
March 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295431/relational-family-therapy-as-an-aid-toward-resolving-the-trauma-of-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-in-the-process-of-separation-in-the-couple-relationship
#11
Tanja Repič Slavič, Christian Gostečnik
Relational family therapy (RFT) is a psycho-organic therapeutic approach that combines intrapsychic dynamics with interpersonal mechanisms and a systemic perspective. This integrative model is based on the assumption that the repetitive patterns of relationships in early childhood repeat in adulthood. It often happens that a sexually abused individual will later unconsciously be attracted to someone with whom they will relive the abusive atmosphere and dynamics from childhood. The purpose of this contribution is to present the RFT approach for dealing with sexual abuse...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295339/annual-research-review-childhood-maltreatment-latent-vulnerability-and-the-shift-to-preventative-psychiatry-the-contribution-of-functional-brain-imaging
#12
REVIEW
Eamon J McCrory, Mattia I Gerin, Essi Viding
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is a potent predictor of poor mental health across the life span. We argue that there is a need to improve the understanding of the mechanisms that confer psychiatric vulnerability following maltreatment, if we are to progress from simply treating those with a manifest disorder, to developing effective preventative approaches that can help offset the likelihood that such disorders will emerge in the first place. METHODS: We review extant functional neuroimaging studies of children and adolescents exposed to early neglect and/or maltreatment, including physical, sexual and emotional abuse across four neurocognitive domains: threat processing, reward processing, emotion regulation and executive control...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#13
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282597/intimate-partner-violence-and-the-overlap-of-perpetration-and-victimization-considering-the-influence-of-physical-sexual-and-emotional-abuse-in-childhood
#14
Tara N Richards, Marie Skubak Tillyer, Emily M Wright
Using data from Wave 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examined the independent relationship of childhood maltreatment type (emotional, sexual, physical) on IPV victimization and perpetration; then mutually exclusive categories of IPV involvement (victimization, perpetration, and victimization/perpetration) were investigated. IPV victimization and perpetration were assessed using items from the revised Conflict Tactics Scales. A series of binary regression models and multinomial regression models were estimated...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281921/lateralization-of-neurobiological-response-in-adolescents-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-severe-childhood-sexual-abuse-the-tri-modal-reaction-t-mr-model-of-protection
#15
Tuba Mutluer, Vedat Şar, Çiğdem Kose-Demiray, Harun Arslan, Sibel Tamer, Serap Inal, Anıl Ş Kaçar
This study inquires into neurobiological response to stress and its clinical correlates among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of cerebral anatomy were carried out on 23 female adolescents with PTSD related to severe childhood sexual abuse and 21 matched healthy controls. Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents, Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Beck Depression Scale and a set of neuro-cognitive tests were administered to all participants...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273077/prevalence-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-and-recent-hiv-testing-and-their-associated-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hangzhou-china-a-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#16
Runhua Li, Hui Wang, Xiaohong Pan, Qiaoqin Ma, Lin Chen, Xin Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Lin He, Junfang Chen, Xingliang Zhang, Yan Luo, Shengjun Xi, Xin Lv, Shichang Xia
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a large high-risk population for HIV infection in recent years in China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hangzhou, China, to determine rates of condomless anal intercourse (CAI), recent HIV testing (in the recent year) and associated factors using respondent-driven sampling. Questionnaires using face-to-face interviews were employed to collect data on sexual risk behaviors and HIV testing. Five hundred eleven MSM were recruited, of which 459 (89.8%) had anal intercourse in the past 6 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270458/highly-aggressive-women-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#17
Niels C Beck, Joseph H Hammer, Sharon Robbins, Tara Tubbesing, Anthony Menditto, Alicia Pardee
In this study, we compared three groups of women admitted to a public forensic inpatient facility over the course of a two-year period. Detailed and systematic examination of social and psychiatric histories revealed that the group with the most persistent levels of aggression differed from the other two groups with respect to frequency of self-harming behavior, intellectual impairment, hypothyroidism, a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and age of onset of psychiatric and behavioral symptoms...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262605/impulsivity-as-a-moderator-of-the-associations-between-child-maltreatment-types-and-body-mass-index
#18
Shaquanna Brown, Tarrah B Mitchell, Paula J Fite, Marco Bortolato
Child maltreatment has emerged as an important risk factor for adult obesity (Danese & Tan, 2014; Hemmingsson et al., 2014). However, there is a need for research delineating the factors that play a role in this association. Impulsivity has been shown to be associated with both child maltreatment (Brodsky et al., 2001) and body mass index (BMI; Cortese et al., 2008; Thamotharan et al., 2013). Further, given previous research showing that adverse events interact with impulsivity to predict hazardous drinking behaviors (Fox et al...
March 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261748/retrospectively-self-reported-age-of-childhood-abuse-onset-in-a-united-states-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Alison L Cammack, Carol J Hogue
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is common and several studies have linked it to health outcomes throughout the lifecourse. Recent information about timing of abuse reported retrospectively is underrepresented in the literature, despite its importance to informing target populations for primary prevention of child abuse and studying effects of child abuse. This study uses data from Wave IV (2008-2009) of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to Adult Health (N = 14,776) to describe distributions of retrospectively self-reported age of onset of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse perpetrated by parents/adult caregivers and sexual abuse perpetrated by other individuals...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259090/gender-based-differences-in-injecting-drug-use-by-young-adults-who-experienced-maltreatment-in-childhood-findings-from-an-australian-birth-cohort-study
#20
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a range of adverse mental and psychosocial outcomes, but its association with subsequent injecting drug use (IDU) is less clear. This study investigates the associations between specific and multiple forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment and IDU reported at 21 years. METHOD: The Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy is a prospective birth cohort study. It recruited pregnant women at their first antenatal clinic visit and collected data on their children at 21 years...
April 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
keyword
keyword
45676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"