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Childhood sexual abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911219/anxiety-mediates-the-relation-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-genito-pelvic-pain-in-adolescent-girls
#1
Marie Santerre-Baillargeon, Pascale Vézina-Gagnon, Isabelle Daigneault, Tina Landry, Sophie Bergeron
Previous research has demonstrated associations between child sexual abuse, anxiety and genito-pelvic pain, but no study to date has examined whether sexual abuse may be associated with genito-pelvic pain through victims' elevated anxiety. The present study aimed to determine whether anxiety mediates the relationship between child sexual abuse and genito-pelvic pain. Using self-report questionnaires, data were gathered from 218 sexually active adolescent girls recruited from seven metropolitan high schools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908449/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Joemer Calderon Maravilla, Gail Williams, Jake Moses Najman
This meta-analytic review examines the association between childhood sexual abuse and risky sexual behaviours with sub-group analyses by gender. Systematic searches of electronic databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were performed using key terms. We used a priori criteria to include high quality studies and control for heterogeneities across eligible studies. The review was registered with PROSPERO and used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#3
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891291/knowledge-about-hiv-in-a-community-sample-of-urban-african-americans-in-the-south
#4
H Klein, C E Sterk, K W Elifson
PURPOSE: Race and HIV are intertwined in complex ways. African Americans, particularly those residing in the southern United States, are at great risk for contracting and subsequently transmitting HIV. Research on the extent to which members of this population understand the risks associated with engaging in specific behaviors is limited. This paper examines HIV knowledge among at-risk adult African American men and women and the factors associated with levels of HIV knowledge. METHODS: Based on a conceptual model derived from Social Disorganization Theory and Syndemics Theory, interviews were conducted between 2009 and 2011...
October 2016: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#5
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
November 24, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#6
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886517/organic-vs-functional-neurological-disorders-the-role-of-childhood-psychological-trauma
#7
Thanos Karatzias, Ruth Howard, Kevin Power, Florentina Socherel, Craig Heath, Alison Livingstone
Although the relationship between psychological trauma and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is well established, this relationship is less well understood in people with medically unexplained neurological symptoms. In the present study, we set out to compare people with functional neurological disorders, and organic neurological disorders, in terms of childhood and adulthood traumatic events, traumatic stress, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We have hypothesised that those with functional neurological disorders would be more likely to report childhood and adulthood traumatic life events, traumatic symptomatology, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of anxiety and depression, compared to those with organic neurological disorders...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884931/mild-depressive-symptoms-mediate-the-impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-long-term-functional-outcome-in-early-psychosis-patients
#8
Luis Alameda, Philippe Golay, Philipp S Baumann, Pierre Progin, Nadir Mebdouhi, Julien Elowe, Carina Ferrari, Kim Q Do, Philippe Conus
INTRODUCTION: The mechanism linking childhood trauma (CT) to the functional deficits observed in early psychosis (EP) patients is as yet unknown. We aim to examine the potential mediating effect of depressive symptoms in this well-established association. METHODS: Two hundred nine EP subjects aged 18-35 were assessed for functioning and psychopathology after 2, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of treatment. Patients were classified into early trauma if they had faced at least one experience of abuse (physical, sexual, or emotional) or neglect (physical or emotional) before age 12, and late trauma if the exposure had occurred between ages 12 and 16...
November 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882860/is-child-sexual-abuse-declining-in-canada-results-from-nationally-representative-retrospective-surveys
#9
M Shields, L Tonmyr, W Hovdestad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two nationally representative surveys of the Canadian population. METHODS: Data are from 13 931 respondents aged 18 to 76 years from the 2004/2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS), and from 22 169 household residents aged 18 years or older who participated in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864532/the-impact-of-types-and-extent-of-trauma-on-depressive-affect-among-male-juvenile-sexual-offenders
#10
Jennifer W Jencks, George S Leibowitz
High levels of depression have been found among incarcerated youth, which suggests that mental health problems are associated with delinquent behavior and are part of a constellation of risk factors that contribute to youth entering the juvenile justice system. In this project, we investigated trauma and mental health issues among male youth in residential treatment, and addressed the following questions: (a) Does childhood trauma predict current depression for male juvenile sexual offenders? (b) If so, do different types of traumas predict depressive affect better than others? and, (c) Does extent of trauma exposure predict depression? Data on incarcerated male juvenile sexual offenders were analyzed (n = 379)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854558/the-association-between-unwanted-sexual-experiences-and-early-onset-cervical-cancer-and-precancer-by-age-25-a-case-control-study
#11
Yasmin Leela Jayasinghe, Victoria Sasongko, Rachel Wenrui Lim, Sonia Regina Grover, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Elya E Moore, Susan Donath, Suzanne Marie Garland
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between unwanted sexual experiences and cervical cancer, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3, adenocarcinoma in situ, diagnosed ≤25 years of age. METHODS: A case-control study of women ≤55 years who attended gynecological hospitals in Australia between 1983 and 2007. Cases were ≤25 years when diagnosed with disease, control group 1 were "older women" >25 years at diagnosis; control group 2 were "well women" ≤25 years attending preventive health clinics...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846829/gender-moderates-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-internalizing-and-substance-use-disorders-later-in-life-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#12
Xiangfei Meng, Carl D'Arcy
BACKGROUND: Although some studies examined the moderating role of gender in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and mental disorders later in life, a number of them examined the effects of only one or two types of maltreatment on an individual mental disorder, for instance, depression, substance use. It is of considerable clinical and theoretical importance to have in-depth understanding what roles of different types of childhood abuse play out in a wide range of mental disorders among women and men using well accepted instruments measuring abuse and mental disorders...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844325/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-sociodemographic-factors-prospectively-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-among-south-african-heterosexual-men
#13
Anne M Teitelman, Scarlett L Bellamy, John B Jemmott, Larry Icard, Ann O'Leary, Samira Ali, Zolani Ngwane, Monde Makiwane
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence directed at women by men continues to be a global concern. However, little is known about the factors associated with perpetrating intimate partner violence among heterosexual men. PURPOSE: History of childhood sexual abuse and other sociodemographic variables were examined as potential factors associated with severe intimate partner violence perpetration toward women in a sample of heterosexual men in South Africa. METHODS: Longitudinal logistic generalized estimating equations examined associations of childhood sexual abuse and sociodemographic variables at baseline with intimate partner violence perpetration at subsequent time points...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837165/pattern-of-unnatural-deaths-among-children-an-autopsy-study
#14
Praveen Athani, Basappa S Hugar, S Harish, Y P Girishchandra
This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836531/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-early-timing-of-puberty
#15
Jennie G Noll, Penelope K Trickett, Jeffrey D Long, Sonya Negriff, Elizabeth J Susman, Idan Shalev, Jacinda C Li, Frank W Putnam
PURPOSE: The purpose was to examine whether the timing of puberty, indexed by breast development and pubic hair development, was earlier for sexually abused females compared with a matched comparison group of nonabused females, controlling for key alternative confounds. METHODS: A cohort of sexually abused females and matched comparisons was followed longitudinally at mean ages 11 through 20 years. Sexually abused participants (N = 84) were referred by protective services...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825790/history-of-childhood-trauma-as-risk-factors-to-suicide-risk-in-major-depression
#16
Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Mariane Lopez Molina, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Karen Jansen
The aim of this study was to compare childhood trauma scores domains between Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with and without suicide risk. This is cross-sectional study including a clinical sample of adults (18-60 years) diagnosed with MDD through the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus version (MINI Plus). The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was also used to verify types of trauma scores: abuse (emotional, physical, and sexual) and neglect (emotional and physical). Adjusted analysis was performed by linear regression...
November 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822305/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-mental-health-problems-in-sexually-offending-and-non-sexually-offending-juveniles
#17
Cyril Boonmann, Thomas Grisso, Laura S Guy, Olivier F Colins, Eva A Mulder, P Vahl, Lucres M C Jansen, Theo A H Doreleijers, Robert R J M Vermeiren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) over and above general offending behavior. METHODS: A sample of 44 JSOs incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014 were examined for childhood abuse history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form) and mental health problems (Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2)...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822027/childhood-maltreatment-as-a-risk-factor-for-copd-findings-from-a-population-based-survey-of-canadian-adults
#18
Margot E Shields, Wendy E Hovdestad, Charles P Gilbert, Lil E Tonmyr
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between childhood maltreatment (CM) and COPD in adulthood. METHODS: Data were from 15,902 respondents to the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CM and COPD and the role of smoking and mental and substance use variables as mediators in associations. RESULTS: COPD in adulthood was related to CM, with associations differing by sex...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821364/modification-of-the-association-between-early-adversity-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-by-polymorphisms-in-the-maoa-maob-and-comt-genes
#19
N W McGregor, S M J Hemmings, L Erdman, I Calmarza-Font, D J Stein, C Lochner
The monoamine oxidases (MAOA/B) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzymes break down regulatory components within serotonin and dopamine pathways, and polymorphisms within these genes are candidates for OCD susceptibility. Childhood trauma has been linked OCD psychopathology, but little attention has been paid to the interactions between genes and environment in OCD aetiology. This pilot study investigated gene-by-environment interactions between childhood trauma and polymorphisms in the MAOA, MAOB and COMT genes in OCD...
October 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817908/does-insecure-attachment-mediate-the-relationship-between-trauma-and-voice-hearing-in-psychosis
#20
Marie Pilton, Sandra Bucci, James McManus, Mark Hayward, Richard Emsley, Katherine Berry
This study extends existing research and theoretical developments by exploring the potential mediating role of insecure attachment within the relationship between trauma and voice-hearing. Fifty-five voice hearers with a psychosis-related diagnosis completed comprehensive assessments of childhood trauma, adult attachment, voice-related severity and distress, beliefs about voices and relationships with voices. Anxious attachment was significantly associated with the voice-hearing dimensions examined. More sophisticated analysis showed that anxious attachment mediated the relationship between childhood sexual and emotional abuse and voice-related severity and distress, voice-malevolence, voice-omnipotence, voice-resistance and hearer-dependence...
October 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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