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Childhood sexual abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103519/do-cognitive-schema-mediate-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-being-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#1
E Appiah-Kusi, H L Fisher, N Petros, R Wilson, V Mondelli, P A Garety, P Mcguire, S Bhattacharyya
Exposure to childhood trauma has been associated with psychotic symptoms, being at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR), and psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Negative self-beliefs have been shown to partially mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and paranoia and have been shown to be characteristic of patients with psychosis. However, whether the association between childhood trauma and being at high risk of developing psychosis (e.g., UHR) and paranoia symptoms is mediated by altered cognitive schema is unknown and warrants investigation to inform preventive interventions...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100288/childhood-maltreatment-and-eating-disorder-pathology-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#2
M L Molendijk, H W Hoek, T D Brewerton, B M Elzinga
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have established a high prevalence of childhood maltreatment (CM) in patients with eating disorders (EDs) relative to the general population. Whether the prevalence of CM in EDs is also high relative to that in other mental disorders has not yet been established through meta-analyses nor to what extent CM affects defining features of EDs, such as number of binge/purge episodes or age at onset. Our aim is to provide meta-analyses on the associations between exposure to CM (i...
January 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098410/juror-decision-making-in-death-penalty-sentencing-when-presented-with-defendant-s-history-of-child-abuse-or-neglect
#3
Lisa L Bell Holleran, Tyler J Vaughan, Donna M Vandiver
Previous studies have found aggravating, mitigating, and null effects of defendant histories of abuse and neglect on punishment preferences in capital sentencing. Perceiving these defendants as more dangerous, jurors may be more likely to favor the death penalty when such evidence is presented. This is counter to the intuition that abuse or neglect reduces culpability, and therefore mitigates the severity of punishment. We investigated the effect of defendant childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, or neglect on the probability of a prospective juror preferring the death penalty in an between-subject experimental design...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096873/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-role-of-maltreatment-and-potential-mediators
#4
Yong-Chun Bahk, Seon-Kyeong Jang, Kee-Hong Choi, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is recognized as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. This study examined the path from childhood trauma to suicidal ideation, including potential mediators. METHODS: A sample of 211 healthy adults completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095833/lifetime-and-12-month-prevalence-of-eating-disorders-amongst-women-in-mid-life-a-population-based-study-of-diagnoses-and-risk-factors
#5
Nadia Micali, Maria G Martini, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Radha Kothari, Ellie Russell, Cynthia M Bulik, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) are common amongst women; however, no research has specifically investigated the lifetime/12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life (i.e., fourth and fifth decade of life) and the relevant longitudinal risk factors. We aimed to investigate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of EDs and lifetime health service use and to identify childhood, parenting, and personality risk factors. METHODS: This is a two-phase prevalence study, nested within an existing longitudinal community-based sample of women in mid-life...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094556/how-i-learned-to-count
#6
Sakeenah Y Gallardo
This is a poem about surviving familial childhood sexual abuse and the healing I found through the beauty and spiritual growth of motherhood.
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094432/maltreatment-associated-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-co-twin-control-analysis
#7
Lisa Dinkler, Sebastian Lundström, Ruchika Gajwani, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Helen Minnis
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is strongly associated with psychiatric disorders in childhood and adulthood. Previous findings suggest that the association between CM and psychiatric disorders is partly causal and partly due to familial confounding, but few studies have investigated the mechanisms behind the association between CM and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Our objective was to determine whether maltreated children have an elevated number of NDDs and whether CM is a risk factor for an increased NDD 'load' and increased NDD symptoms when controlling for familial effects...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#8
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#9
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073295/the-frequency-and-predictors-of-poly-victimisation-of-south-african-children-and-the-role-of-schools-in-its-prevention
#10
Lezanne Leoschut, Zuhayr Kafaar
Violence has become a characteristic feature of South African society, with women and children often bearing the brunt of this. Contemporary research suggests that the key to stemming the tide of child victimisation is understanding the complete inventory of victimisations that may co-occur during childhood. There is growing recognition that children in South Africa typically experience abuse in the context of other forms of maltreatment and victimisation. This article draws on the empirical data collected for a national prevalence and incidence study on child sexual abuse and maltreatment in South Africa and draws attention to the frequency of poly-victimisation amongst South African children and highlights why some children experience multiple co-occurring forms of victimisations while others do not...
January 10, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#11
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072467/a-cross-lagged-panel-study-of-dissociation-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#12
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin
OBJECTIVE: The current prospective study assessed the temporal relations between dissociation and posttraumatic stress (PTS) in a sample of treatment-seeking female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. PTS refers to symptoms associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the absence of a clinical diagnosis of PTSD. METHOD: Initial assessment was on average 23 years after the onset of abuse (N = 405), and participants were followed-up after 6 months (N = 245) and 12 months (N = 119)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068130/victimization-and-depressive-symptomology-in-transgender-adults-the-mediating-role-of-avoidant-coping
#13
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Tiara C Willie, Sari L Reisner
Victimization and depressive distress symptoms represent serious and interconnected public health problems facing transgender communities. Avoidant coping is hypothesized to temporarily alleviate the stress of victimization, but has potential long-term mental and behavioral health costs, such as increasing the probability of depressive symptoms. A community sample of 412 transgender adults (M age = 32.7, SD = 12.8) completed a one-time survey capturing multiple forms of victimization (i.e., everyday discrimination, bullying, physical assault by family, verbal harassment by family, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence), avoidant coping, and past-week depressive symptomology...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065209/the-association-between-childhood-adversities-and-subsequent-first-onset-of-psychotic-experiences-a-cross-national-analysis-of-23-998-respondents-from-17-countries
#14
J J McGrath, K A McLaughlin, S Saha, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, R Bruffaerts, G de Girolamo, P de Jonge, O Esan, S Florescu, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, E G Karam, V Kovess-Masfety, S Lee, J P Lepine, C C W Lim, M E Medina-Mora, Z Mneimneh, B E Pennell, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, N Sampson, M C Viana, M Xavier, E J Bromet, K S Kendler, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Although there is robust evidence linking childhood adversities (CAs) and an increased risk for psychotic experiences (PEs), little is known about whether these associations vary across the life-course and whether mental disorders that emerge prior to PEs explain these associations. METHOD: We assessed CAs, PEs and DSM-IV mental disorders in 23 998 adults in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Discrete-time survival analysis was used to investigate the associations between CAs and PEs, and the influence of mental disorders on these associations using multivariate logistic models...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054214/the-association-between-historical-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-later-parenting-stress-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Melanie Hugill, Katherine Berry, Ian Fletcher
An individual's own experiences of childhood and being parented are likely to be key determinants of their later parenting experiences. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is arguably the most toxic experience to occur in childhood and therefore may be particularly likely to impact on parenting stress in the context of parenting one's own children. This paper aims to review studies investigating associations between earlier CSA and later parenting to determine the size and consistency of the effects, identify any mediators and moderators of the relationship, and assess the quality of the evidence base...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032212/childhood-sexual-abuse-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-childbirth-a-path-analysis
#16
Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Claudia Leite Moraes, Louise Michele Howard, Gustavo Lobato
The aim of the study was to explore the pathways by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA), psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, and other covariates relate to each other and to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the postpartum period. The sample comprised 456 women who gave birth at a maternity service for high-risk pregnancies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, interviewed at 6-8 weeks after birth. A path analysis was carried out to explore the postulated pathways between exposures and outcome...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027464/risk-factors-for-child-maltreatment-in-an-australian-population-based-birth-cohort
#17
James C Doidge, Daryl J Higgins, Paul Delfabbro, Leonie Segal
Child maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences adversely influence population health and socioeconomic outcomes. Knowledge of the risk factors for child maltreatment can be used to identify children at risk and may represent opportunities for prevention. We examined a range of possible child, parent and family risk factors for child maltreatment in a prospective 27-year population-based birth cohort of 2443 Australians. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and witnessing of domestic violence were recorded retrospectively in early adulthood...
December 25, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997232/human-trafficking-of-minors-and-childhood-adversity-in-florida
#18
Joan A Reid, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Mark A Greenwald, Nathan Epps
OBJECTIVES: To examine the link between human trafficking of minors and childhood adversity. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cumulative childhood adversity (ACE score) among a sample of 913 juvenile justice-involved boys and girls in Florida for whom the Florida child abuse hotline accepted human trafficking abuse reports between 2009 and 2015 with those of a matched sample. RESULTS: ACE composite scores were higher and 6 ACEs indicative of child maltreatment were more prevalent among youths who had human trafficking abuse reports...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995627/exposure-to-violence-a-risk-for-suicide-in-youths-and-young-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#19
P Castellví, A Miranda-Mendizábal, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez-Jimenez, V Soto-Sanz, J Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association and magnitude of the effect of early exposure to different types of interpersonal violence (IPV) with suicide attempt and suicide death in youths and young adults. METHOD: We searched six databases until June 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) assessment of any type of IPV as risk factor of suicide attempt or suicide: (i) child maltreatment [childhood physical, sexual, emotional abuse, neglect], (ii) bullying, (iii) dating violence, and (iv) community violence; (2) population-based case-control or cohort studies; and (3) subjects aged 12-26 years...
December 20, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994115/child-maltreatment-and-adult-living-standards-at-50-years
#20
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Leah Li, Chris Power
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment (abuse and neglect) has established effects on mental health. Less is known about its influence on adult economic circumstances. We aimed to establish associations of child maltreatment with such outcomes and explore potential pathways. METHODS: We used 1958 British birth cohort data (N = 8076) to examine associations of child neglect and abuse with adult (50 years) long-term sickness absence, not in employment, education or training (NEET), lacking assets, income-related support, poor qualifications, financial insecurity, manual social class, and social mobility...
January 2017: Pediatrics
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