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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213734/dehalococcoides-and-general-bacterial-ecology-of-differentially-trichloroethene-dechlorinating-flow-through-columns
#1
Babur S Mirza, Darwin L Sorensen, Daniel J McGlinn, R Ryan Dupont, Joan E McLean
The diversity of Dehalococcoides mccartyi (Dhc) and/or other organohalide respiring or associated microorganisms in parallel, partial, or complete trichloroethene (TCE) dehalogenating systems has not been well described. The composition of Dhc populations and the associated bacterial community that developed over 7.5 years in the top layer (0-10 cm) of eight TCE-fed columns were examined using pyrosequencing. Columns biostimulated with one of three carbon sources, along with non-stimulated controls, developed into complete (ethene production, whey amended), partial (cis-dichloroethene (DCE) and VC, an emulsified oil with nonionic surfactant), limited (<5 % cis-DCE and 95 % TCE, an emulsified oil), and non- (controls) TCE dehalogenating systems...
February 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211963/a-parametric-model-of-the-brain-vascular-system-for-estimation-of-the-arterial-input-function-aif-at-the-tissue-level
#2
Siamak P Nejad-Davarani, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, James R Ewing, Douglas C Noll, Tom Mikkelsen, Michael Chopp, Quan Jiang
In this paper, we introduce a novel model of the brain vascular system, which is developed based on laws of fluid dynamics and vascular morphology. This model is used to address dispersion and delay of the arterial input function (AIF) at different levels of the vascular structure and to estimate the local AIF in DCE images. We developed a method based on the simplex algorithm and Akaike information criterion to estimate the likelihood of the contrast agent concentration signal sampled in DCE images belonging to different layers of the vascular tree or being a combination of different signal levels from different nodes of this structure...
February 17, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211961/an-extended-vascular-model-for-less-biased-estimation-of-permeability-parameters-in-dce-t1-images
#3
Siamak P Nejad-Davarani, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, James R Ewing, Douglas C Noll, Tom Mikkelsen, Michael Chopp, Quan Jiang
One of the key elements in dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) image analysis is the arterial input function (AIF). Traditionally, in DCE studies a global AIF sampled from a major artery or vein is used to estimate the vascular permeability parameters; however, not addressing dispersion and delay of the AIF at the tissue level can lead to biased estimates of these parameters. To find less biased estimates of vascular permeability parameters, a vascular model of the cerebral vascular system is proposed that considers effects of dispersion of the AIF in the vessel branches, as well as extravasation of the contrast agent (CA) to the extravascular-extracellular space...
February 17, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210799/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging-pharmacokinetic-parameters-as-predictors-of-treatment-response-of-brain-metastases-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#4
Grégory Kuchcinski, Emilie Le Rhun, Alexis B Cortot, Elodie Drumez, Romain Duhal, Maxime Lalisse, Julien Dumont, Renaud Lopes, Jean-Pierre Pruvo, Xavier Leclerc, Christine Delmaire
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of pharmacokinetic parameters measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting the response of brain metastases to antineoplastic therapy in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: Forty-four consecutive patients with lung cancer, harbouring 123 newly diagnosed brain metastases prospectively underwent conventional 3-T MRI at baseline (within 1 month before treatment), during the early (7-10 weeks) and midterm (5-7 months) post-treatment period...
February 16, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207745/evolution-of-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-after-acute-ischemic-stroke
#5
Zamir Merali, Kun Huang, David Mikulis, Frank Silver, Andrea Kassner
The dynamics of BBB permeability after AIS in humans are not well understood. In the present study we measured the evolution of BBB permeability after AIS in humans using MRI. Patients presenting to our institution with a diagnosis of AIS underwent a single dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) sequence to measure BBB permeability during their initial workup. Forty-two patients were included in the final analysis. The patient sample underwent DCE-MRI at a mean time of 23.8hrs after the onset of AIS symptoms (range: 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195664/an-adaptive-model-for-rapid-and-direct-estimation-of-extravascular-extracellular-space-in-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-studies
#6
Azimeh N V Dehkordi, Alireza Kamali-Asl, James R Ewing, Ning Wen, Indrin J Chetty, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian
Extravascular extracellular space (ve ) is a key parameter to characterize the tissue of cerebral tumors. This study introduces an artificial neural network (ANN) as a fast, direct, and accurate estimator of ve from a time trace of the longitudinal relaxation rate, ΔR1 (R1  = 1/T1 ), in DCE-MRI studies. Using the extended Tofts equation, a set of ΔR1 profiles was simulated in the presence of eight different signal to noise ratios. A set of gain- and noise-insensitive features was generated from the simulated ΔR1 profiles and used as the ANN training set...
February 14, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192761/a-comparison-of-bayesian-and-non-linear-regression-methods-for-robust-estimation-of-pharmacokinetics-in-dce-mri-and-how-it-affects-cancer-diagnosis
#7
Nikolaos Dikaios, David Atkinson, Chiara Tudisca, Pierpaolo Purpura, Martin Forster, Hashim Ahmed, Timothy Beale, Mark Emberton, Shonit Punwani
The aim of this work is to compare Bayesian Inference for nonlinear models with commonly used traditional non-linear regression (NR) algorithms for estimating tracer kinetics in Dynamic Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI). The algorithms are compared in terms of accuracy, and reproducibility under different initialization settings. Further it is investigated how a more robust estimation of tracer kinetics affects cancer diagnosis. The derived tracer kinetics from the Bayesian algorithm were validated against traditional NR algorithms (i...
February 5, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186110/ionization-study-of-isomeric-molecules-in-strong-field-laser-pulses
#8
Stefan Zigo, Anh-Thu Le, Pratap Timilsina, Carlos A Trallero-Herrero
Through the use of the technique of time-of-flight mass spectroscopy, we obtain strong-field ionization yields for randomly oriented 1,2-dichloroethylene (1,2-DCE) (C2H2Cl2) and 2-butene (C4H8). We are interested in studying the effect of conformal structure in strong-field ionization and, in particular, the role of molecular polarity. That is, we can perform strong-field ionization studies in polar vs non-polar molecules that have the same chemical composition. We report our findings through the ionization yields and the ratio (trans/cis) of each stereoisomer pair as a function of intensity...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182304/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-after-prostatic-arterial-embolization-in-a-canine-model-a-3t-multiparametric-mri-and-whole-mount-step-section-pathology-correlated-longitudinal-study
#9
Basen Li, Anhui Xu, Nan Wang, Xiangde Min, Zhaoyan Feng, Ming Deng, Liang Li, Jie Cai, Zhen Kang, Kehua Jiang, Dong Kuang, Liang Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the morphological and functional characteristics of prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) in a canine model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with 3T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and whole-mount step-section pathology correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight adult male beagle dogs with hormone-induced BPH underwent 3T mp-MRI before and 1, 3, and 6 months after PAE, with subsequent whole-mount step-section pathologic assessment...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182131/getting-patients-in-the-door-medical-appointment-reminder-preferences
#10
Trisha M Crutchfield, Christine E Kistler
PURPOSE: Between 23% and 34% of outpatient appointments are missed annually. Patients who frequently miss medical appointments have poorer health outcomes and are less likely to use preventive health care services. Missed appointments result in unnecessary costs and organizational inefficiencies. Appointment reminders may help reduce missed appointments; particular types may be more effective than other types. We used a survey with a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to learn why individuals miss appointments and to assess appointment reminder preferences...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181343/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-may-help-predict-which-mri-detected-high-risk-breast-lesions-will-upgrade-at-surgical-excision
#11
Safia Cheeney, Habib Rahbar, Brian N Dontchos, Sara H Javid, Mara H Rendi, Savannah C Partridge
PURPOSE: To investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) features could assist in determining which high-risk lesions identified on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diagnosed on core needle biopsy (CNB) will upgrade to malignancy on surgical excision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved prospective study included participants with MRI-detected Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 or 5 lesions with high-risk pathology on CNB who underwent surgical excision...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177554/identifying-relations-between-imaging-phenotypes-and-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-cancer-model-discovery-and-external-validation
#12
Jia Wu, Xiaoli Sun, Jeff Wang, Yi Cui, Fumi Kato, Hiroki Shirato, Debra M Ikeda, Ruijiang Li
PURPOSE: To determine whether dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) characteristics of the breast tumor and background parenchyma can distinguish molecular subtypes (ie, luminal A/B or basal) of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 84 patients from one institution and 126 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used for discovery and external validation, respectively. Thirty-five quantitative image features were extracted from DCE-MRI (1...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168151/electrochemical-investigation-of-adsorption-of-single-wall-carbon-nanotubes-at-a-liquid-liquid-interface
#13
Aminu K Rabiu, Peter S Toth, Andrew N J Rodgers, Robert A W Dryfe
There is much interest in understanding the interfacial properties of carbon nanotubes, particularly at water/oil interfaces. Here, the adsorption of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) at the water/1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) interface, and the subsequent investigation of the influence of the adsorbed nanotube layer on interfacial ion transfer, is studied by using the voltammetric transfer of tetramethylammonium (TMA(+)) and hexafluorophosphate (PF6(-)) as probe ions. The presence of the interfacial SWCNT layer significantly suppresses the transfer of both ions across the interface, with a greater degree of selectivity towards the PF6(-) ion...
February 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166261/radiomic-analysis-reveals-dce-mri-features-for-prediction-of-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-cancer
#14
Ming Fan, Hui Li, Shijian Wang, Bin Zheng, Juan Zhang, Lihua Li
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of features derived from breast dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and to incorporated clinical information to predict the molecular subtypes of breast cancer. In particular, 60 breast cancers with the following four molecular subtypes were analyzed: luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-over-expressing and basal-like. The breast region was segmented and the suspicious tumor was depicted on sequentially scanned MR images from each case...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162875/diagnosis-of-spinal-lesions-using-heuristic-and-pharmacokinetic-parameters-measured-by-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri
#15
Ning Lang, Huishu Yuan, Hon J Yu, Min-Ying Su
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in differentiation of four spinal lesions by using heuristic and pharmacokinetic parameters analyzed from DCE signal intensity time course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DCE-MRI of 62 subjects with confirmed myeloma (n = 9), metastatic cancer (n = 22), lymphoma (n = 7), and inflammatory tuberculosis (TB) (n = 24) in the spine were analyzed retrospectively...
February 2, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160347/measuring-subtle-leakage-of-the-blood-brain-barrier-in-cerebrovascular-disease-with-dce-mri-test-retest-reproducibility-and-its-influencing-factors
#16
Sau May Wong, Jacobus F A Jansen, C Eleana Zhang, Julie Staals, Paul A M Hofman, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Cécile R L P N Jeukens, Walter H Backes
PURPOSE: Increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability has been shown to play a significant role in the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular disease and it may provide an early functional marker of progression or treatment effects. The aim of the study was to investigate the test-retest reproducibility and influencing factors of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in measuring subtle leakage in patients with cerebrovascular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DCE-MRI (3T) was performed on two separate days in 16 patients (age 66 ± 9 years) with cerebrovascular disease, prospectively...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155131/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-treatment-attributes-important-to-injection-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-multinational-preference-study
#17
Lei Qin, Stephanie Chen, Emuella Flood, Alka Shaunik, Beverly Romero, Marie de la Cruz, Cynthia Alvarez, Susan Grandy
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) differ in efficacy, side effects, dosing frequency, and device-related attributes. This study assessed the relative importance of treatment-related attributes in influencing preferences for GLP-1RAs among injection-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Injection-naïve T2DM patients from five countries completed a Web-based discrete choice experiment (DCE) survey. Patients chose between hypothetical treatment profiles reflecting important and differentiating attributes of GLP-1RAs...
February 2, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153658/first-trimester-alcohol-exposure-alters-placental-perfusion-and-fetal-oxygen-availability-affecting-fetal-growth-and-development-in-a-non-human-primate-model
#18
Jamie O Lo, Matthias C Schabel, Victoria H J Roberts, Xiaojie Wang, Katherine S Lewandowski, Kathleen A Grant, Antonio E Frias, Christopher D Kroenke
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure leads to impaired fetal growth, brain development, and stillbirth. Placental impairment likely contributes to these adverse outcomes, but the mechanisms and specific vasoactive effects of alcohol that links altered placental function to impaired fetal development remain areas of active research. OBJECTIVE: Recently, we developed magnetic resonance imaging techniques in nonhuman primates to characterize placental blood oxygenation through measurements of T2* and perfusion using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152250/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-mri-in-the-brain-impact-of-the-fitting-model-on-perfusion-fraction-and-lesion-differentiability
#19
Vera C Keil, Burkhard Mädler, Gerrit H Gielen, Bogdan Pintea, Kanishka Hiththetiya, Alisa R Gaspranova, Jürgen Gieseke, Matthias Simon, Hans H Schild, Dariusch R Hadizadeh
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the choice of the curve-fitting model on the perfusion fraction (fIVIM ) with regard to tissue type characterization, correlation with microvascular anatomy, and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) parameters. Several curve-fitting models coexist in intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI to derive the (fIVIM ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 29 patients with brain lesions (12 gliomas, 11 meningiomas, three metastases, two gliotic scars, one multiple sclerosis) underwent IVIM-MRI (32 b-values, 0 to 2000 s/mm(2) ) at 3T...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152245/vessel-wall-and-adventitial-dce-mri-parameters-demonstrate-similar-correlations-with-carotid-plaque-microvasculature-on-histology
#20
Raf H M van Hoof, Stefan A Vöö, Judith C Sluimer, Nicky J A Wijnen, Evelien Hermeling, Floris H B M Schreuder, Martine T B Truijman, Jack P M Cleutjens, Mat J A P Daemen, Jan-Willem H Daemen, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Werner H Mess, Joachim E Wildberger, Sylvia Heeneman, M Eline Kooi
PURPOSE: To assess parameter agreement of volume transfer coefficient (K(trans) ) between two vascular regions and to study the correlation with microvessel density on histology. The dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) parameter K(trans) is frequently used to study atherosclerotic plaque microvasculature. K(trans) has been reported using different descriptive statistics (mean, median, 75(th) percentile) either for the whole vessel wall or the adventitia in previous studies...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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