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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099354/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-normalization-of-normal-liver-will-it-improve-the-reproducibility-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-at-different-mr-scanners-as-a-new-biomarker
#1
Jie Zhu, Jie Zhang, Jia-Yin Gao, Jin-Ning Li, Da-Wei Yang, Min Chen, Cheng Zhou, Zheng-Han Yang
Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been reported to be a helpful biomarker for detection and characterization of lesion. In view of the importance of ADC measurement reproducibility, the aim of this study was to probe the variability of the healthy hepatic ADC values measured at 3 MR scanners from different vendors and with different field strengths, and to investigate the reproducibility of normalized ADC (nADC) value with the spleen as the reference organ...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099329/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-combined-with-computed-tomography-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-magnetic-resonance-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-computed-tomography-perfusion-imaging-a
#2
Guo-Liang Shao, Jia-Ping Zheng, Li-Wen Guo, Yu-Tang Chen, Hui Zeng, Zheng Yao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with computed tomography-guided radiofrequency ablation (CT-RFA) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using magnetic resonance diffusion weighted imaging (MR-DWI) and CT perfusion imaging (CT-PI). METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2014, a total of 522 HCC patients receiving TACE combined with CT-RFA were included in this study...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099105/quantitative-assessment-of-rectal-cancer-response-to-neoadjuvant-combined-chemotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-comparison-of-three-methods-of-positioning-region-of-interest-for-adc-measurements-at-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098746/marine-antibody-drug-conjugates-design-strategies-and-research-progress
#4
REVIEW
Yu-Jie Wang, Yu-Yan Li, Xiao-Yu Liu, Xiao-Ling Lu, Xin Cao, Bing-Hua Jiao
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), constructed with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), linkers, and natural cytotoxins, are innovative drugs developed for oncotherapy. Owing to the distinctive advantages of both chemotherapy drugs and antibody drugs, ADCs have obtained enormous success during the past several years. The development of highly specific antibodies, novel marine toxins' applications, and innovative linker technologies all accelerate the rapid R&D of ADCs. Meanwhile, some challenges remain to be solved for future ADCs...
January 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098570/preferential-localization-of-met-expression-at-the-invasion-front-and-in-spreading-cells-through-air-spaces-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinomas
#5
Camille Lapère, Alexis B Cortot, Valérie Grégoire, Vincent Cockenpot, David Tulasne, Marie-Christine Copin
The involvement of the HGF/MET pathway in acquisition of an invasive phenotype in non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) suggests that MET inhibitors might prove effective against these cancers, but clinical trials have yielded conflicting results. The aim of our study was to evaluate how intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) of MET staining affects the determination of MET status for therapeutic purposes. We analyzed 64 NSCLC samples, including 33 adenocarcinomas (ADCs) and 31 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). We used immunohistochemistry to detect MET and phospho-MET on whole slides and determined the MET SP44 immunoscore and the H-score...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097929/improved-survival-of-anchorage-dependent-cells-in-core-shell-hydrogel-microcapsules-via-co-encapsulation-with-cell-friendly-microspheres
#6
In-Yong Kim, Hyungsoo Choi, Kyekyoon Kevin Kim
In this study, we investigated the effect of intracapsular environment on the survival of anchorage-dependent cells (ADCs) encapsulated in alginate microcapsules with three different core structures, i.e., liquid, semi-liquid and microsphere-encapsulating semi-liquid core, using NIH 3T3 fibroblasts as an ADC model. For the latter, we fabricated poly (ε-caprolactone) microspheres and co-encapsulated them with the cells, to establish cell-substrate interactions in the capsule. The fibroblast cells co-encapsulated with the microspheres exhibited higher survival and growth than those without...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097371/high-resolution-diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-solitary-orbital-tumors-3d-turbo-field-echo-with-diffusion-sensitized-driven-equilibrium-dsde-tfe-preparation-technique
#7
Akio Hiwatashi, Osamu Togao, Koji Yamashita, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Makoto Obara, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: To differentiate cystic from solid solitary intraorbital tumors using 3D turbo field echo with diffusion-sensitized driven-equilibrium preparation without contrast material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review boards, and written informed consent was waived. A total of 26 patients with intraorbital tumors were studied. Motion probing gradients were conducted at one direction with b‑values of 0 and 500 s/mm(2)...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097263/predicting-biochemical-recurrence-in-patients-with-high-risk-prostate-cancer-using-the-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#8
Min Young Yoon, Juhyun Park, Jeong Yeon Cho, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Cheol Kwak
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate whether the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging predicts the prognoses of patients with high-risk prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 157 patients with high-risk prostate cancer (based on D'Amico's criteria) were included in the analysis. Patients underwent preoperative 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging within 2 months before radical prostatectomy. Those who received neoadjuvant hormone therapy (33 persons) or radiation therapy (18 persons) were excluded...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096922/relationship-between-gleason-score-and-apparent-diffusion-coefficients-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#9
Tae Heon Kim, Chan Kyo Kim, Byung Kwan Park, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byung Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi, Seong Soo Jeon
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and pathological Gleason score (GS) of prostate cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 125 patients who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging before radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer were included in this study. ADC values were compared with different GS. We used receiver operating characteristic analysis and determined the ADC cutoff value to differentiate tumours with a GS of 6 from those with a GS ≥7...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092856/separation-of-antibody-drug-conjugate-species-by-rplc-a-generic-method-development-approach
#10
Szabolcs Fekete, Imre Molnár, Davy Guillarme
This study reports the use of modelling software for the successful method development of IgG1 cysteine conjugated antibody drug conjugate (ADC) in RPLC. The goal of such a method is to be able to calculate the average drug to antibody ratio (DAR) of and ADC product. A generic method development strategy was proposed including the optimization of mobile phase temperature, gradient profile and mobile phase ternary composition. For the first time, a 3D retention modelling was presented for large therapeutic protein...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092638/mr-elastography-to-measure-the-effects-of-cancer-and-pathology-fixation-on-prostate-biomechanics-and-comparison-with-t-1-t-2-and-adc
#11
Deirdre M McGrath, Jenny Lee, Warren D Foltz, Navid Samavati, Theo van der Kwast, Michael A S Jewett, Peter Chung, Cynthia Ménard, Kristy K Brock
MRI is under evaluation for image-guided intervention for prostate cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI parameters is determined via correlation with the gold-standard of histopathology. Whole-mount histopathology of prostatectomy specimens can be digitally registered to in vivo imaging for correlation. When biomechanical-based deformable registration is employed to account for deformation during histopathology processing, the ex vivo biomechanical properties are required. However, these properties are altered by pathology fixation, and vary with disease...
February 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092361/designed-cell-consortia-as-fragrance-programmable-analog-to-digital-converters
#12
Marius Müller, Simon Ausländer, Andrea Spinnler, David Ausländer, Julian Sikorski, Marc Folcher, Martin Fussenegger
Synthetic biology advances the rational engineering of mammalian cells to achieve cell-based therapy goals. Synthetic gene networks have nearly reached the complexity of digital electronic circuits and enable single cells to perform programmable arithmetic calculations or to provide dynamic remote control of transgenes through electromagnetic waves. We designed a synthetic multilayered gaseous-fragrance-programmable analog-to-digital converter (ADC) allowing for remote control of digital gene expression with 2-bit AND-, OR- and NOR-gate logic in synchronized cell consortia...
January 16, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091744/prediction-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy-based-on-cross-sectional-images
#13
Ye Rim Chang, Jae Seung Kang, Jin-Young Jang, Woo Hyun Jung, Mee Joo Kang, Kyung Bun Lee, Sun-Whe Kim
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is one of the most common and clinically relevant complications after distal pancreatectomy (DP), occurring in 5-40% of patients. Determining risk factors for this complication may aid in its prevention. This study sought to predict the development of POPF after DP preoperatively and objectively based on radiologic findings. METHODS: This study included 60 patients who underwent DP using a stapler for pancreatic division between June 2011 and January 2013...
January 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090792/cerebral-schistosomiasis-diffusion-weighted-imaging-helps-to-differentiate-from-brain-glioma-and-metastasis
#14
Jinbai Huang, Jing Luo, Jie Peng, Tao Yang, Huanghua Zheng, Chunping Mao
Background Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was introduced into clinical use some years ago. However, its use in the diagnosis of cerebral schistosomiasis has not been reported. Purpose To investigate the ability of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of DWI in the diagnosis of cerebral schistosomiasis, and to differentiate it from brain high-grade gliomas and metastasis. Material and Methods Conventional brain MRI with pre-contrast, post-contrast, and DWI was performed on 50 cases of cerebral schistosomiasis, high-grade glioma, and brain metastasis...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088282/conjugation-site-analysis-of-antibody-drug-conjugates-adcs-by-signature-ion-fingerprinting-and-normalized-area-quantitation-approach-using-nano-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#15
Hua Sang, Gaoyuan Lu, Yazhong Liu, Qiyue Hu, Weifeng Xing, Dongbing Cui, Fang Zhou, Jingwei Zhang, Haiping Hao, Guangji Wang, Hui Ye
Trastuzumab-MCC-DM1 (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) that consists of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) trastuzumab non-cleavably linked to a cytotoxic drug DM1. During production, the DM1 agents were conjugated to the lysine residues of the mAb in a non-specific manner, yielding a heterogeneous mixture of ADC molecules that differ with respect to both the number and the conjugation sites of DM1 per mAb molecule. Since drug conjugation sites of ADC can significantly impact properties such as stability and pharmacokinetic behaviors, a rapid and reliable approach for conjugation site analysis of ADCs is highly demanded...
February 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086917/resveratrol-regulates-neuro-inflammation-and-induces-adaptive-immunity-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Charbel Moussa, Michaeline Hebron, Xu Huang, Jaeil Ahn, Robert A Rissman, Paul S Aisen, R Scott Turner
BACKGROUND: Treatment of mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects (N = 119) for 52 weeks with the SIRT1 activator resveratrol (up to 1 g by mouth twice daily) attenuates progressive declines in CSF Aβ40 levels and activities of daily living (ADL) scores. METHODS: For this retrospective study, we examined banked CSF and plasma samples from a subset of AD subjects with CSF Aβ42 <600 ng/ml (biomarker-confirmed AD) at baseline (N = 19 resveratrol-treated and N = 19 placebo-treated)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079618/diffusion-weighted-mri-enables-to-accurately-grade-inflammatory-activity-in-patients-of-ileocolonic-crohn-s-disease-results-from-an-observational-study
#17
Xue-Hua Li, Can-Hui Sun, Ren Mao, Si-Yun Huang, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Xu-Feng Yang, Li Huang, Jin-Jiang Lin, Jian Zhang, Shomron Ben-Horin, Shi-Ting Feng, Min-Hu Chen, Zi-Ping Li
BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a novel technique to evaluate bowel inflammation in Crohn's disease (CD). It remains unclear whether DWI could differentiate grades of inflammation activity and add to the accuracy of conventional magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) in defining disease activity. We aimed to assess the accuracy of DWI for evaluating ileocolonic CD inflammation compared with conventional MRE, using ileocolonoscopy as reference standard. METHODS: This was an observational study of CD patients who underwent both ileocolonoscopy and MRE with DWI...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079398/feasibility-evaluation-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-using-an-integrated-mri-radiotherapy-system-for-response-assessment-to-neoadjuvant-therapy-in-rectal-cancer
#18
Narek Shaverdian, Yingli Yang, Peng Hu, Steven Hart, Ke Sheng, James Lamb, Minsong Cao, Nzhde Agazaryan, David Thomas, Michael Steinberg, Daniel A Low, Percy Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of on-board DWI with an integrated low-field MRI-radiotherapy system to assess responses to neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NAC) in rectal cancer. METHODS: A spin echo-based planar imaging diffusion sequence on a 0.35 T MRI-radiotherapy system was acquired over the course of NAC. The apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) from the tumor region of interest (ROIs) were calculated. A functional diffusion map (fDM) was created showing a pixel-wise ADC analysis of the ROI over the course of treatment...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079257/a-safe-cheap-and-easy-to-use-isotropic-diffusion-mri-phantom-for-clinical-and-multicenter-studies
#19
Pim Pullens, Piet Bladt, Jan Sijbers, Andrew I R Maas, Paul M Parizel
PURPOSE: Since Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) data acquisition and processing are not standardized, substantial differences in DWI derived measures such as Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) may arise which are related to the acquisition or MRI processing method, but not to the sample under study. Quality assurance using a standardized test object, or phantom, is a key factor in standardizing DWI across scanners. METHODS: Current diffusion phantoms are either complex to use, not available in larger quantities, contain substances unwanted in a clinical environment, or are expensive...
January 12, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078512/the-role-of-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-in-characterization-of-solid-focal-liver-lesions-a-prospective-and-comparative-clinical-study
#20
Dawei Yang, Jie Zhang, Dan Han, Erhu Jin, Zhenghan Yang
We evaluated and compared the diagnostic accuracy (DA) of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values with that of lesion-to-liver ADC ratios in the characterization of solid focal liver lesions (FLLs). This prospective study was approved by the Institutional Human Ethics Board, after waiving written informed consent. Diffusion-weighted imaging and other routine magnetic resonance imaging were performed on 142 consecutive patients with suspected liver disease. The mean ADC values and lesion-to-liver ADC ratios were compared between benign and malignant solid FLLs...
January 4, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
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