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interferon gamma interleukin 12 bcg vaccine reaction

Abdullah A Alangari, Fahad Al-Zamil, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou, Saleh Al-Muhsen, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Sitalbanat Awadallah, Abdelmageed Kambal, Jean-Laurent Casanova
IFN-γ has been used in the treatment of IL-12Rβ1 deficiency patients with disseminated BCG infection (BCGosis), but the optimal dose to reach efficacy is not clear. We used IFN-γ in the treatment of a 2.7-year-old patient with IL-12Rβ1 deficiency and refractory BCG-osis. IFNγ was started at a dose of 50 μg/m² 3 times per week. The dose was upgraded to 100 mcg/m² after 3 months, then to 200 mcg/m² 6 months afterwards. Serum mycobactericidal activity and lymphocytes number and function were evaluated throughout the study...
2011: Clinical & Developmental Immunology
Sigifredo Pedraza-Sánchez, Maria Teresa Herrera-Barrios, Ruth Aldana-Vergara, Milagros Neumann-Ordoñez, Yolanda González-Hernández, Eduardo Sada-Díaz, Ludovic de Beaucoudrey, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Martha Torres-Rojas
Patients with Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases (MSMD) mainly suffer from Mycobacterium and Salmonella infections, which are due to mutations in genes controlling the interleukin (IL)-12/IL-23-dependent IFN-γ production. We performed a molecular diagnosis in two Mexican patients with persistent mycobacterial infections. Patients 1 (P1) and 2 (P2) from two unrelated, non-consanguineous families from two villages near Mexico City developed bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) disease secondary to vaccination; patients and their families were studied at the immunological level for production and response to IFN-γ...
September 2010: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ajay Grover, Jennifer Taylor, JoLynn Troudt, Andrew Keyser, Kimberly Arnett, Linda Izzo, Drew Rholl, Angelo Izzo
The guinea pig model of tuberculosis is used extensively in assessing novel vaccines, since Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination effectively prolongs survival after low-dose aerosol infection with virulent M. tuberculosis. To better understand how BCG extends time to death after pulmonary infection with M. tuberculosis, we examined cytokine responses postvaccination and recruitment of activated T cells and cytokine response postinfection. At 10 weeks postvaccination, splenic gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) mRNA was significantly elevated compared to the levels at 5 weeks in ex vivo stimulation assays...
November 2009: Infection and Immunity
Wen-I Lee, Fang-Chen Liang, Jing-Long Huang, Tang-Her Jaing, Chi-Huei Wang, Tzou-Yien Lin, Yhu-Chering Huang, Wei-Lun Huang, Ruwen Jou, Meng-Ying Hsieh, Ju-Hsin Chia, Tsu-Lan Wu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate immunity in HIV-uninfected children with bacille Calmette-Guerin-induced disease (BCG-ID) over an 8-year period, with particular emphasis on underlying diseases. METHODS: Patient afflicted with BCG-ID proven by clinical courses, dermatologic features, pathology, specific polymerase chain reaction, and/or spoligotyping were enrolled between 2000 and 2007. Lymphocyte proliferation, polymorphonuclear function, interleukin (IL)-12/23-interferons (IFN)-gamma circuit, and Toll-like receptor 2-associated signaling were investigated...
May 2009: Journal of Clinical Immunology
JaeHyun Lim, Steven C Derrick, Kristopher Kolibab, Amy Li Yang, Steven Porcelli, William R Jacobs, Sheldon L Morris
In this study, the early pulmonary cytokine and chemokine responses in mice immunized with either BCG vaccine, a DeltasecA2 mutant of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or a DNA vaccine expressing an ESAT6-antigen 85B fusion protein and then aerogenically challenged with a low dose of M. tuberculosis were evaluated by PCR array. The cellular immune responses at day 10 postchallenge were essentially equivalent in the lungs of mice immunized with either the highly immunogenic BCG vaccine or the DeltasecA2 M. tuberculosis mutant strain...
January 2009: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
Lei Gao, Lang Bao, Mu Hao, Le Zhang, Zi-fang Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunogenicity of vaccine strategies about human interleukin 12 associated with combined DNA (Ag85A and ESAT-6) prime-BCG boost. METHODS: BALB/c mice were divided into PBS negative control and 4 immunity groups: BCG group, DNA/BCG group, DNA + IL-12/BCG group and DNA/BCG + IL-12 group. All mice received three immunizations at 2-week interval. Specific IgG antibody in serum of mice was determined with indirect ELISA in 4, 6, 8 weeks respectively after final vaccination...
July 2008: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
M Wang, Z Xie, M Shi, H Lu, M Yu, M Hu, F Lu, Y Ma, B Shen, N Guo
To induce Her2-specific cell immune response, we used xenogeneic antigen rat neu L2-S2 domains as the vaccine antigen. The antigenic protein was engineered as a chimeric protein with human IgG1 Fc region (neu-Fc). Neu-Fc could stimulate the cell proliferation in mixed lymphocyte reaction effectively. Simultaneous neu-Fc and IFN-gamma stimulation dramatically elevated IL-12 secretion and reduced IL-10 production in PBMC. To further augment the activating effects on Th1-type response, Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) was utilized as a non-specific stimulus...
September 2008: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Inseon S Choi, Xiang-Hua Lin, Young-Ah Koh, Yong Cui
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) induces potent Th1 responses with the help of interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-12 released from dendritic cells (DCs), and suppresses Th2- associated allergic reactions. However, there are still some controversies on therapeutic effects of BCG in asthmatics. This study investigated whether BCG administration to DCs suppresses IL-5 production from T cells in atopic asthmatics. DCs derived from peripheral blood of subjects were cultured with or without BCG and Dermatophagoides farinae extract...
August 2008: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Anoop S Pulickal, Sophie Hambleton, Martin J Callaghan, Catrin E Moore, Jon Goulding, Anna Goodsall, Richard Baretto, David A Lammas, Suzanne T Anderson, Michael Levin, Andrew J Pollard
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a key cytokine in the defense against intracellular bacteria notably Mycobacteria and Salmonella species. We report a case of disseminated mycobacterial infection, following BCG vaccination, in a child who later developed tuberculosis. Functional tests and a novel diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, revealed a loss-of-function deletion in the IL12 gene. Analysis of samples from the parents and siblings of the patient indicated an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern with varying degrees of phenotypic expression in identical genotypes...
August 2008: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Isamu Sugawara, Hiroyuki Yamada, Satoru Mizuno
In order to examine the relationship between malnutrition and tuberculosis development in vivo, a malnourished guinea pig model fed with a low casein (5%) diet was developed. After being fed with the low casein diet, the guinea pigs were infected with Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis Kurono strain by aerosol infection, and seven weeks later were subjected to histopathologic examination, colony-forming unit (CFU) assay, fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis and real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-12 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA...
March 2007: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Bilkay Basturk, Ismet Yavascaoglu, Barbaros Oral, Güher Göral, B Oktay
Various types of cancer are more frequent in men than women, and bladder cancer is one of the most common of these. Intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) after transurethral resection is the most effective treatment for superficial bladder cancers. The main aim of this study was to investigate for possible links between cytokine gene polymorphisms and different outcomes after BCG immunotherapy. Sixty patients who had been diagnosed with transitional cell cancer were investigated. All genotyping experiments were performed using polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers and a commercially available kit...
July 2006: Cytokine
S Widdison, L J Schreuder, B Villarreal-Ramos, C J Howard, M Watson, T J Coffey
Cytokine expression in lymph nodes from cattle inoculated intranasally with Mycobacterium bovis was compared to that of non-infected animals using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The effect of M. bovis infection, 4 months post-challenge, was to suppress the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 as well as the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-6. Expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma and IL-12 was maintained. Animals vaccinated with bacille Calmette-Guérin responded differently to challenge with M...
May 2006: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Jun Miyazaki, Koji Kawai, Takehiro Oikawa, Akira Johraku, Kazunori Hattori, Toru Shimazui, Hideyuki Akaza
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in a human urinary tract cell line, the interaction of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signals with cytoplasmic adapter proteins MyD88 and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and evaluate the epithelial cytokine response to BCG infection. Intravesical BCG therapy is effective against carcinoma in situ and as prophylaxis for recurrence, but although immunological mechanisms have been assumed, the mechanisms of the antitumour effects of BCG have not been completely elucidated...
April 2006: BJU International
Chi-Feng Lee, Suh-Yran Chang, Dar-Shih Hsieh, Dah-Shyong Yu
PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy of recombinant bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) DNA (poly-rBCG) and murine interleukin (IL)-12 (mIL-12) vaccines in inducing T helper 1 polarized cytokines and suppressing bladder tumor growth in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four mycobacteria candidate genes (Ag85A, Ag85B, Mpt64 and PstS3) were cloned, fused with ESAT6 and ligated into eukaryotic expression vectors. Combined poly-rBCG and mIL-12 vaccines were transferred into a murine bladder tumor model...
March 2004: Journal of Urology
Kazue Higuchi, Yukie Sekiya, Nobuyuki Harada
We have investigated the substance derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) that induces interleukin (IL)-12 production by alveolar macrophages (AMs) in vitro. The cytosol fraction of live Mtb H37Rv induced IL-12 production by AMs in a dose-dependent manner. The addition of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) augmented IL-12 production. IL-12-inducing activity by AMs (termed as surely active keeping rescue antigen, SAKRA) was purified by gel filtration and ion exchange column chromatography, and the molecular weight of SAKRA was estimated by gel filtration to be more than 700 kDa...
January 26, 2004: Vaccine
Enmei Liu, Helen K W Law, Yu-Lung Lau
Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is given to millions of neonates in developing countries as a vaccine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis; however, little is known about the initiation of response in neonatal dendritic cells (DCs) to BCG. To address this issue, the interaction of BCG with human cord blood monocyte-derived DCs was studied. We showed that BCG could promote cord blood monocyte-derived DC maturation by up-regulation of CD80, CD83, CD86, CD40, and MHC class II molecules and down-regulation of mannose receptor...
July 2003: Pediatric Research
Eleanor J Cheadle, Peter J Selby, Andrew M Jackson
Mycobacteria are potent adjuvants, can survive intracellularly and have been safely used for many years as vaccines against tuberculosis and leprosy. They are thus important potential vectors for recombinant vaccines. Many of their adjuvant properties are mediated following phagocytosis by dendritic cells (DC), which are in turn critical for priming naïve T cells. Although the maturation of DC in response to mycobacteria, such as Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), is well described the subsequent responses of autologous T cells to mycobacterium-infected DC remains uncharacterized...
January 2003: Immunology
Mamoru Kawahara, Tadashi Nakasone, Mitsuo Honda
The guinea pig has been utilized as a model for studying infectious diseases because its reactions closely resemble those of humans biologically and immunologically. However, the cytokine responses in this animal remain to be studied. Initially, we established a quantitative assay using a real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) to measure guinea pig gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), interleukin-12 (IL-12), IL-10, and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) mRNA. By preparing primer-fluorogenic probe sets for these cytokines and standard RNA templates corresponding to the target sequence of each cytokine, we obtained linear standard curves essential for quantitative determination...
December 2002: Infection and Immunity
S D Das, P R Narayanan, C Kolappan, M J Colston
SETTING: Evaluation of immune response after BCG vaccination in a population from South India where BCG vaccination was a failure. OBJECTIVE: To study the cell-mediated immune responses (CMI) in vitro by assessing skin test conversion, lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine patterns before and after BCG vaccination in 20 Mantoux negative subjects, and to compare this with that of 20 naturally Mantoux positive subjects. DESIGN: In vitro lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine responses to various mycobacterial antigens were studied in 12 subjects from each group...
October 1998: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
M Wysocka, M Kubin, L Q Vieira, L Ozmen, G Garotta, P Scott, G Trinchieri
Several cytokines, in particular tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), have been shown to be responsible for pathological reactions which may lead to shock and death observed in infection with Gram-negative bacteria and in response to endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides, LPS). Priming of mice with the avirulent Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine strain of Mycobacterium bovis increases the sensitivity of mice to the lethal effect of LPS and results in an efficient priming for cytokine production...
March 1995: European Journal of Immunology
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